Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

HAftA IZZAH

Biotogy PaperJ Exceil Score

7.3 MASTERING GROUP 3 SKILLS

SAMPLE ANSWERS
GROUP 3
scrENcE PROCESS SKTLLS (SPS) SPS 6

- Communicating SPS 7 - Using Space Time Relatio;nship SPS 8 - Interpretation SPS 5 - Predicting

32

I
fr

I
r
l'

r
t

i:li

l,;i't'*"1ff*?t*fi5f9,ps
:

e Derinins By operation

Examole

Observation (Refer Tahlel2) ln distilled water, the final length of the potato strip after being immersed is 6.0 cm.

why the potato strip The final length of potato skips increase Decause the water molecules from the
distilled water diffuse into the cell sap of the potato strip by osmosis.

ln 0.5 M of sucrose solution, the final The final length potato of strips decreaee length of {he potato strip after being because the water molecules
immersed is 4.2 cm. solution by osmosis.

celt sap lol M]nqsucrose of the potato strip to rhe 0.5 of

diffuse out

Reasoning base on related basic concept

Guide 4- SPS 9 - Defininq bv Ooeration


The abirity of students to describe the given term based on what can be seen in

the experiment. The answer must consists of both Manipurated Variable and
Responding Variable.

ft fie" , i. ii" iii. iv.

Students shoutd be abte to ldentify the define task word in the question: conclude, deduce, define

or statdthe operatonat

definition

Write down the answer starting with the given lerm; ,Osmosis is...., Continue expanding the term with core basic concept Describe the term based on the observation + inferene es ( refer to thd expeiment's result and ansrvers of obeervation + inferences,)
.

2. Erata 2 - pAGE 65
step 3 - Reminder
1 - Resoonding Variable (RV)

3. Erata 3 - pAGE 94
Sample Answer, Table 2E - Arrow Sample answer:

Percentage concentration
of albumen srspen"ion

Time

/ro\
'15

@* ----10

Rate of reaction

=-a\
@"'"-D
1.5 1.6

AII TITLES
with

correct UNITS

\zo.z

>r-

12.5

rabre2s
ALL Manipulated Variable (MV)

\r"
i fi*T3cor.rrl

All Data / Responding Variable (RV)


in lhe correct columns

:: I lrj"rl-""''I
fr*T$,rre

rirlt
I
11

l_rli
I
Prediction

l-3-Tscorl

lThfToEiTSco,l rrTf el Li

4. Erata 4 - pAGE Sample Answr, -Arrow

99

sampre

answer
T

- lm

The rate of reaction woulo *:.n 1.6 yo mi\n{ // Any rationat fi xvatue. When the concentrat;on of albumen f]iS-!:l increase, tne nunOir-'of it J thei/o;;,i;;'Liiin, enzvmc anr.t <tthctra+o,3y::rylur,g"rncrease!.i

ii#r"n

re a so

n ng-u su a IIy rel ated

w ith i n te rp ret atio n skiIt

llAFfA IZZAH

Biology Paper3 Excell Score

QUESTION2:

CHAPTER

t:

CHEMIGAL GOMPOSITION OF THE GELL

to construct a complete

record the results with the


1 mark 1 mark

P1
P2

Able to stale all the columns titles with

corest units respectively


Able to state all the Manipulated Variable (MV) all the data in correct columns

P3 Ableto writedown
Sample answer: Percentage

'l mark

concentration of starch solution (%)

Time (s)

Rate of enzyme reaction

(%/s)
12 16 18

0.50
1.00 1.50

0.04 0.06 0.08 0.08

2.00

25

Space fime Rela


Able to draw a
graph with the following aspects

P1 AXES

Labelle both axes with conect titles and units Use uniform scales for both axes

A-1mark
P- 1 mark

P2 POINTS- Ploi all points conectly

p5 Snnpg

Al

point are connected smoothly,started from

the 1"1 point ( not necessary starting from the origin if there is no data given) to the last point by free hand and not using a ruler. - Must touching all plotted points.

S-1mark

35

HAtfA IZZAH

Blology PrperS Excell Scor

SPSS-In
i3
r

on

Students able to state the relationship between the manipulated and responding variable correctly based on the communicating data.
Sample answer:

1. \Men the concentration

2.

of starch solution increases / decreases, the rate of enzyme amylase reaction increases / decreases, because the number of molecules of substrate increases I decreases causes more less collisions between molecules of amylase and the molecules of starch solution I subslrate.

SPS 5
3

Students able to : Predict by giving one fix rational value or a possible general value besed on the data ol experiment and give explanation of the prediction base on a basic concept. Sample answer
K1 K2 K3

Predictino

- The starch solution will not be hydrolysed /l There is no reaction - The lodine test always tum blue black onto the starch solution. - because the enzyme has been denatured (due to the 60 oC )

taken place

36

ilAfFA lZZtfi

Biatogy psper3 Erce[Score

QuEsrorvS
CHAPTER 7

Carry out an activity to show aerobic respiration.

d (i)Able to construct a complete

the results with the

P1 P2

Able to state alt the cotumns conect units respectively Able to state all the Manipultted-Wable

tiiiesliln-(f\/lv)-

1 mark 1 mark 1 mark

p5

Abte to write dolyn all the data in correct columns

Sample answer: Temperature, "C

lncrease in height of
coloured liquid, cm

Rate of respiration, cm min'l

20 30

2.6 3.9

0.26 0.39

40 50

4.0 2.5

0.40
0.25

$PS7-Usingspace

Relation

io state rf rs changes in the increase in hefuttt of re ^urs ilarc the srrafiges rn-me.rncrease rn nergnt ot the coloured liquid with ume and giw
the fact and an explanation for the changes conectly based on tne

dbwing ;ieria:

c1: observation

C2: Fact - Respiration has stopped C3: Explanalion - Depletion of glucose / Death of yeast Sample answer:

- The changes in the increase in height of the coloured liquid with time

As time goes by, the height of the coloured liquid will continue to increase above 2.6cm art eventually stop. The respiration has stopped because the glucose has been J"fet"o I tn. yeast has died

8Able to state the retationship Oetw@ liquid and the rate of respiration correcfly based on the following criteria
coloured

c1: State the increase in temperature until/above the optimum temperature C2: Statg the amount of increase in heiqht of coloured iiouid

2-

HAfFA IZZAH

Biotogy paper J Excelt Score

C3: State the rate of respira Sample answer:

when the temperature increases until the optimum temperature, the increase in height of
colour liquid is higher because the rate of respiration is higher.

Able to predict the observifio explain the prediction based on the following criteria

Cl : Observation - The increase in height of the coloured liquid


C2: Value - less than 2.5cm C3: Explanation - The rate of respiration is lower

lEnzyme denature
Sample answer:

The height of the coloured liquid will increase but less than 2.scm because the rate of respiration is lower / denaturation of respiratory enzyme

QUESI/ON 4 CHAPTER'10

study the effect of air movement on the rate of transpiration.

Score
3

qample answers SPS 6 - Comnunicatng


d (i)Able to construct a complete Table anC

P1 P2

Able to state all the columns,tiflas with conect units respectivelv Able to state att tfre MinputateA Variabte ltrrt\|
Apte ro wnte down au flle data in conect columns

1 mark 1 mark 1 mark

Sample answer: Speed of air movemenVarbitarv Distance of the air bubble movedG 5 minutes /cm Rate of transpiration / cm min-r
1

2.5 0.5

5.6
1.12

10.3

2.08

38

llAFfA lzZAU Biotosr paper 3 [xceil

score

SPS7-Using$pace
Able to draw a
graph with the following aspects
:

P1

- Use uniform scales for both axes P2 POINTS- Plot all ooints correcl P3 SHAPE - All point are connected smoothly,started from
the

AXES -

Labelle both axes with correct titles and units

A-

1 mark

P- 1 mark

1" point ( not necessary starting from the origin if there is no data given) to the last point byfree hand and not using a ruler. - Must touching all plotted points.
SPS 8

S-1mark

Interpretation

able to state the relationship between the correctly based on the communicating data. Sample answer:

P1 When the air speed increases, the rate of transpiration increases P2 because the air movement will remove the water vapour from the surface of the
leaves of balsam shoot.

Able to predicl observation and the ng rate experiment conectly with the following aspects.

transpiration. Explain the outcome of the

P1 - Able to predict observation P2 - Able to state the change in rate of transpiration P3 - Explanation

Sample answer:
Distance the air bubble moved shorter and the rate of transpiration is lower, less than 0.50 min-l because the air movement decreases when fun is not switched on during the experiment.
cm,

39

HAFFA IZZAH Biotogy paper 3 Excel Srore

euEsToN

(spr

2oos)

CHAPTER 6

Determine the energy value in food sample Sample ang\ivens SPS 6

Score

Communicatiig

d (i)Able to cons

P1

P2
P3

Able to state all the columns'tifles with correct u nits respectivelv Able to state atl the ManipulateO V-riaOte

1 mark

lltVy

1 mark 1 mark

Able to write down all the data in correct colunrns

Sample answer:

Food sample

Temperature increasing
(oC)

Energy value
(Jq-1 )

White bread Peanut

5
11

84.0 184.8

SPS 7
3

Using Space Time Retiiionshtp

N,ofes; SPJM guesfion 2005

'

space-time relationship

Aoii

SPS 8 - Interpretatioi
3

Able to state that relationship between the sample correc'tly and accurately. C1: Food sample (white bread / peanut) C2: Food sample ( Carbohidrat / protein/ilipid / faQ C3: Realeased of energy ( High / low) Sample answer:

white bread is an example of.the carbohydrate food class which has low energy value / a
litde and peanut is an example of the lipiat protein and has high

eneW. '

based on criteria: C1 : State observation on increase in temperature

40

HAFFA TZZAH Biolcgr paper 3 Erclt Score

ff

ouesnorv o (spr zoai4:


CHAPTER

t5 : study the effect of colour camouflage in the survival of


species through analogy

d (i)Able to construct a comRlete

Pl
P2

Able to state all the cotumni tifles cgnect units respectivelv Able to state afi the Manipulated tariAbte (tUV)
ADte to write

wii6--

1 mark
1 mark

rJ

down all the data in conect columns

1 mark

Colour of button

Colour of cloth
Red

No. of buttons on the tile Black White Yellow

Green
1

Whlte
Black

o 0
1

0
7

2 2 3

1 1

0
1

Multicolsured patterned cloth

I I

L
I

sPS 8 - Interpretation
3

Students able to state the relationship Uetween correctly based on the communicating data. Sample answer: The more obvious the difference in colour between the cloth and the button, the more the number of that button will be taken.

Students able to

SPSs-Fffi
:

Predict by giving one fix rational value or a possible general value based on the data of experiment and give explanation of the prediction base on a basic concept.

Sample answer:
More black buttons will be taken Because the difference in cnlour between the yellow cloth and the button is very obvious.

score
SPE 6
3

Sample angwens

Communicating

d (i)Able to construct a complete Table and

record@
't mark
1 mark 1 mark

Pl
P2 P3

Able to state all the columns'ti{es with


cq!"rect unils respec{ively

Able to state all the Manipulated Variable (MV) Able to write down all the data in conec{ columns

Sample answer: Time Difference between the final time reading and the initial time reading (min)
K
L

Water Sample

Time (Min)
12.15 pm 12.35 pm 1.52 om

B.O.D.

[1ftime] 0.07 0.03 0.009

15

35

1't2

42

llAfFA EUAu

Biology paper 3 Exreil Sccre

SPST-Usingspace

Relationship witer wittr ttre

Able to explain ttre ielationstrip between the time taken ^ur' rv e ptarlr Ine relarlonsnlp each Campte of B.O,D. value for the methylene blue solution to decolourise.
P1 P2 P3

- sample water - value of B.O.D.

time taken to decolourise the methylene blue solution

Sample answer:

The longer the time taken to decolourise the methylene brue sorution, the rower the B.o.D value of water samples.l/ The shorter the time taken to decorourise the methyrene brue sorution, the higher B.o.D. value of water samnle SPs 8 Students to

- tnteriieniii

correctly "Ut" on the communicating data. based

Able to explain the relationship between the dissolved oxygen in water sample used with the - --"'-' time taken for the methyrene brue sorution to decorourise c-onectty Sample answer:

when the present of dissolved oxygen in the water sample is low/high, the time taken for the methylene blue solution to decolourise
is shorter/longer.

SPS 5 - Pre to predict conectty iiA exptain ne


C1

based on the foltowing item:

- Water sample taken (in units) 9?- t!f,concentratian to decolourise the methytene CJ - fhe of dissolved oxygen
Sample answer:

blue solution

The time taken to decolourise th-e_methyrene brue sorution-in.the water sampre from nearby poultry is 75 minutes because of the hijh concentration of dissorverr nwnon

43

HAFIA IZZAH

Biotogy paper 3 Excil Score

7.4 MASTERING GROUP 4 SKILLS

SAMPLE ANSWERS
GROUP 4
scrENcE PROCESS SKTLLS (SPS)

SPS 2

- Classification

44

ILAFFA

EZAH

Biotogy Pap+r3 Exce[Scorr

tf
QUESIiON

1- /SpM 2007)

GHAPTER 6- PHOTOSy,VTHESTS

SPS 2- Classifying
(c)

(i)

Students should

able to list all

and apparatus

Sample answer:

1.

2 o/o sodium hydrogen carbonate solution


Hydrilla sp

2.

1. 60 W bulb 2. Ruler 3. Boiling tube 4. paper clip 5. Retort stand

Table 42 * ALL TWO M/ITERIALS AND FIVE APPAMTUS ARE CORRECT

fft

ouE"r,orue
CHAPTER4:
Figure 28 (a), 28(b) and 29(c) show the apparatus set-up used in this experiment.

2- Classifying
(c)

(i)

Students

be able to list all materials anO appaiatus taUeteO in

Sample answer:

Material
1% of starch solution lodine solution Saliva solution

Apparatus
Water Bath Test tubes
Svrinqe, Dropper. White tile with grooves Stop watch Table 43

ALL THREE MATERIALS AND

SIX APPARATUS ARE CORRECT

45

HAFFA IZZAH Btolosr psper

3 Excelt Score

7.a.2 EXERCTSES OF THE SECOND METHOD QF CLASS|F|CATION:

QUESI/ON

3:

(sPM 2006)

CI'APTER 4. COMPOSITION OF THE CELL

Scgro

Sample en$ilers

SPS 2- Classifying
(c) (i) Students should be abte to matCh t the following variables correclly.

Sample answer

Variable
Manipulated

Aooaratus Syringe Stopwatch Thermometer Svrinoe


Table 44

Responding
Controlled

Material Albumen susoension Albumen susoension Water bath


Peosin

ouEsnoru

+,

CHAPTER Il.TRANSPORT lN PLANT

Score
3

Sample answeGr

sPStrarassr-fytns;
(c) (i) Students should be able to matctr the following variables conecfiy. Sample answer:

Variable Manipulated Responding Controlled

Apparatus Bulb Stopwatch Beaker

Material Power of bulb Air bubble in the capillary tube Volume of water

Table 45

46

HAFFA IZZAH Bioto5/ paper J Excelt

Score

ff,

ouesro,v s
CHAPTER 7.THE ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION IN YEAST

should be able to match data for the following variables correctly. Sample answer: Variable
Manipulated Responding

apparatus and

used to obtiain

Apparatus
Di$tilled water

Material Yeast suspension Lime water Boiled glucose solution

Thermometer Parafiin oil

Controlled

Table 46

7.4.3 EXERCISES OF THE THIRD METHOD OF CLASSIFIGATION:

ortttoru:(sPM2oo8)
CHAPTER 8. DYNAMIG ECOSYSIEN'

2- Classifying
(c)

(i)

Students should be able to list Biotic factors & Abiotic faciors.


:

Sample answer

1. 2.
3.

fish water-lily
snail

47

llAFfA IZZfuH

Biotogy papr J Excefl Score

ouEsfloNa
CHAPTER 4

: CHEMICAL

COMPOSTTTON OF THE CELL

48.

Study the effect of substrate concentration on the rate of enzyme reaction


SPS 2- Classifying
(c) (i) Students should be able to match the apparatus and material used to obtain the following variables correctly. Sample answer :

dita for

Variables
Manipulated Responding

Apparatus
Syringe Stopwatch

Malerials
Starch solution Starch solution

Salivary amylase
Controlled

Thermometer
Syringe

Water bath
Salivary amylase

|ft out"to"t
CHAPTER 7

: Carry out an activity to show aerobic respiration.


SPS 2- Classifying

(c)

(i)

Students should be able to classify them into manipulated and responding variables.

pH Light intensity Concentration of nutrients

Growth

Photosynthesis
Reproduction

48

HAFFA IZZAH Biolo1v PaperJ Erceil

Score

ff, oru"r,o" z
CHAPTER 10

study the effect of air movement on the rate of transpiration.


SPS 2- Classifying

Students should be able to list att rnateriats

Sample answer: Materials {M) Vaseline Plant shoot


AoDaratus fA) Lamp

Metre rule
Stop watch

Capillary tube Rubber tube Knife


Basin

Relort stand Table 50 All two materials and eight apparatus are correct.

|f,

ouesnorv t(spnrzoour
CHAPTER 6

: Determine

the energy value in food sample

(c) (i) Students should be abte value equivalent.

t,o

food classes based on the energn

Sample answer:

White bread
malze Boiled potato
Rice Peanuts Palm oil

Chocolate
Margarine

49

HA?FA

laz,.ll

Biotogli psFer 3 Excel Score

f,

ouesnorv zrsprzoo3) r Study the effect of colour camouflage in the survival of a species through analogy
CHAPTER {5

Score
3

Samole answens

SPS 2- Classifying
(c) (i) students should be able to classify them into the fooa?asses uaseo on the energy value equivalent. Sample answer:

Environment Variegated leaf Red leaf Green leaf

Prey Green caterpillars Grey caterpillars

ouesnorv z
CHAPTER 9 : Sludy the air pollution level from different environments

Score
3

Samole answens

SPS 2- Classifying
(c) (i) students should be able to to match the for the three variables conectly Sample answer
:

appaiaffi

Vartabb
Manipulated Responding

Apparatus
Reagent bottle

Matertal
Samole of water Methylene blue solution Methylene blue solulion Sample of water Methvlene blue

Watch Syringe

Controlling

Measurino cvlinder Svrinoe Table 50

50

Centres d'intérêt liés