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2009-2010 CODE: CE 413

AIMS & OBJECTIVES : UNIT I CHAPTER I The objective of this chapter is to compare railway and highway transportation and development of railway system with particular reference to India. In addition to this the chapter aims in classification of railway system. CHAPTER II Deals in permanent way of the track, the capacity of railway track, the gauges available for the railway track. The different type of cross section of one railway being delt in this chapter. CHAPTER- III This chapter aim is requirements, function & type of railway section for railway.It also compares different types of rails section available, the length of rail that to be maintained. A part from this rail bailers and wear of rails in discussed. CHAPTED IV This chapter deals in requirement of an t joint for the railway tack, types of rail joints to be used and how welding of rails in done on the railway. CHAPTER V In this chapter the sleeper functionality, it requirement are being delt. The classification of sleeper such as timber, metal & concrete are discussed. Above this comparison of different sleepers are made in this chapter. CHAPTER VI The function and requirements of fishplates. Various section involved in fishplateare being delt. Also how a fishplate is discussed.

CHAPTER VII The chapter deals with the type of ballast that can be adopted on a railway track. When do we renewal the ballast & time required for renewal. The function & requirement of ballast is delt in this chapter. UNIT II CHAPTER VIII It aims in aligning of horizontal curves how to provide proper super elevation, cannot deficiency strength of transition curves, gradients and grade compensation is being delt in this chapter. CHAPTER IX This chapter deals in necessity of points and crossing. It also aims in explaining about a left hand turnout right hand turn out and crossing in railways. CHAPTER X The objective of this chapter is to how to select site for railway station, therequirements required in selecting the site. It also deals with station yards function & importance of level crossing. CHAPTER XI The aim is to know the object & engineering principles of signaling. How thesignals are classified the necessity of signals. In addition to this it aims in methods of inter locking & their function. UNIT III AIRPORT PLANNING AND DESIGN CHAPTER XII Deals in development of air transportation system with particular reference in India. The components in Aeroplane and the characteristics of aircraft is being delt. CHAPTER XIII Objective of this chapter is how a site is selected for airport. The meaning of apron. Hanger is delt typical airport layouts, marking, lighting, drainage system is delt. Typical airport layouts, marking, lighting, drainage system is delt.

CHAPTER XIV: It aims in classification of obstructions, zoning laws, airport lightening and drainage system of airport. CHAPTER XV: This chapter deals in runway orientation, basic runway length and how corrections are made for elevation. Temperature and gradient is being delt. Apart from the above the geometric design of run way is also covered. CHAPTER XVI: It aims in design methods of flexible and rigid pavements for airport runways and also LCN system of pavement design for runways is delt. UNIT IV CHAPTER XVII: The objective of this chapter is to know different types of water transportation and their advantages in water transportation. CHAPTER XVIII: This chapter deals in general layout and design consideration of port. It explains about pier, wharf structures, transit sheds and apron. Docks dredging and light house are also being delta. TEXT BOOKS: Unit I & II: Railway engineering by S.C. Saxena and S. Arora; Dhanpat Rai & Sons; Delhi. Unit III: Airport planning and Design by S.K. Khanna & M.G Arora; Nemchand & Bros, Roorkee. Unit IV: Transportation engineering planning and design by Radnor J. Paquette, REFERENCES: 1) Railway Engineering by S Arora. 2) Air port planning & Design by MG Arora 3) Transportation Engineering Planning & Design Norman J. Ashford & Paul H Wright; John Wiley & Sons, INC New York.

KONERU LAKSHMAIAH COLLEGEOF ENGINEERING (AUTONOMOUS) DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING IV / IV B.TECH, I SEMESTER FOR THE A.Y. 2009-2010 CODE: CE 413 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING II Lectures End Exam. : : 4 Periods/Week 3 Hours UNIT - 1 RAILWAY ENGINEERING 1. INTRODUCTION: Role of railways in transportation; Comparison of railway and highway transportation; Development of railway systems with particular reference to India; Classification of railways 2. RAILWAY TRACK: Alignment of railway track; Requirement of Good track, Alignment, Gauges in Railway track, Railway track cross sections; Coning of wheels 3. RAILS & RAIL JOINTS: Functions of rails; Requirements of rails; Types of rails sections; Standard rail sections; Length of rails; Rail failures; Wear on rails, Creep of rails. Requirements of an ideal joint; Types of rail joints; Welding of rails UNIT - 2 4. SLEEPERS: Functions of sleepers; Requirements of sleepers; Classification of Sleepers Timber sleepers, Metal sleepers & Concrete sleepers; Comparison of different types of sleepers. 5. TRACK FITTINGS & FASTERINGS: Types of fittings & fastenings, definitions, Fish plates, Elastic fastenings. 6. BALLAST: Functions and requirements of ballast; Types of ballast; Renewal of ballast. Sessional marks End exam. Marks : : 40 60

UNIT 3 7. GEOMETRIC DESIGN OF TRACK: Necessity; Gradients & Gradient Compensation; Elements of horizontal alignment; Super elevation; Cant deficiency and cant excess; Negative Super elevation; Length of Transition Curve, Length of vertical curve.

8. POINTS AND CROSSINGS: Functions of components of turnout; Design of turnout, Crossings. 9. STATIONS AND YARDS: Site selection for railway station; Requirements of railway station; Classifications; Station yards; Level crossing. 10. SIGNALLING: Objects of signaling; Classification of signals; Essentials of inter locking; Methods of interlocking. Standards of inter locking UNIT 4 AIRPORT PLANNING AND DESIGN 11. INTRODUCTION: Development of air transportation system Aeroplane components; Aircraft characteristics 12. AIRPORT PLANNING AND LAYOUT: Selection of site; Apron; Hanger; Typical airport layouts; Airport marking; Airport lighting; Drainage systems. 13. AIRPORT OBSTRUCTION: Zoning laws; Classification of obstructions; Imaginary surfaces; Approach zone; Turning zone. 14. RUNWAY DESIGN: Runway orientation; Basic runway length; Corrections for elevation; Temperature and gradient; Runway geometric design. with particular reference to India;

15. SPECIFICATIONS FOR STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF AIRPORT PAVEMENTS: Design methods for flexible and rigid pavements; LCN system of pavement design. UNIT 5 DOCKS AND HARBOUR ENGINEERING 16. INTRODUCTION: Types of water transportation; Economics and advantages of water transportation

17. PLANNING AND DESIGN OF PORT FACILITIES: General layout and design considerations; Pier and wharf structures; Fender systems; Transit sheds and Apron; Container ports; Docks; Dredging; Light Houses. NOTE: Two questions of 12 marks each will be given from each unit out of which one is to be answered. TEXT BOOKS: Unit I, II& III:Railway engineering by S.C. Saxena and S. Arora; Dhanpat Rai & Sons; Delhi. Unit IV: Unit V: Airport planning and Design by S.K. Khanna & M.G Arora; Nemchand & Bros, Roorkee. Transportation engineering planning and design by Radnor J. Paquette,

REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.Railway Engineering by S.C.Saxena and S.Arora Dhanpat Rai & sons. 2.Airport Engineering by G.V.Rao; Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi.