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How big is the liver? A. Its the biggest organ of the body. B. Its the biggest internal organ. C. Its about the size of a clenched fist. D. It is the smallest organ in the body. What are the two main functions of the liver? A. The elimination of toxins and the processing of food nutrients. B. The elimination of carbon dioxide and the manufacture of urine. C. The elimination of damaged blood cells and the regulation of blood pressure. How does the liver contribute to the manufacture of hormones? A. The liver helps organs of the endocrine system to produce hormones by squirting enzymes into the bloodstream. B. The liver converts waste products, such as ammonia, into chemicals that can be changed into hormones by the intestines and spleen. C. The liver produces hormones and other body proteins using the amino acids from dietary protein. What is the gallbladder? A. A small sac that stores waste products from the liver B. A small sac that stores bile. C. . A small sac that stores dietary fats. Bile helps the body to absorb which vitamins? A. Vitamins A, D, E and K. B. Vitamin B complex. C. Vitamin C. What is the most common cause of liver disease? A. Faulty genes. B. Chronic infections. C. Excessive alcohol consumption. What are some of the symptoms of liver disease? A. Easily bruised skin, itchy eyes, scant urine and muscle wastage. B. Yellowed skin, yellowed whites of the eyes, dark urine and weight loss C. Reddened skin, bloodshot eyes, frothy urine and weight gain. What is hepatitis? A. A group of many types of diseases, which cause inflammation of the liver. B. A group of bacterial diseases that cause liver failure. C. Inflammation of the liver caused by excessive alcohol consumption. ________, a spectrum in disease, associated with obesity and characterized as an abundance of fat in the liver; may lead to a hepatitis. A. Ascending cholangitis B. Cirrhosis

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C. Primary biliary cirrhosis D. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Many are accompanied by jaundice caused by increased levels of ________ in the system. A. Bilirubin B. Haptoglobin C. Hemoglobin D. Reference ranges for blood tests ________ is the formation of fibrous tissue in the liver, replacing dead liver cells. A. Acute liver failure B. Cirrhosis C. Hepatitis D. Hepatorenal syndrome ________, a hereditary disease causing the accumulation of iron in the body, eventually leading to liver damage. A. Elevated alkaline phosphatase B. Iron overload C. HFE hereditary hemochromatosis D. Spherocytosis ________, inflammation of the liver, caused mainly by various viruses but also by some poisons. A. Gastroenteritis B. Hepatitis C. Pancreatitis D. Peritonitis ________, autoimmune disease of small bile ducts. A. Ascending cholangitis B. Coeliac disease C. Hepatitis D. Primary biliary cirrhosis The bilirubin results from the breakup of the ________ of dead red blood cells; normally, the liver removes bilirubin from the blood and excretes it through bile. A. Arterial bloodb gas B. Glycated hemoglobin C. Hemoglobin D. Serum iron The death of the liver cells can for example be caused by viral hepatitis,________ or contact with other liver-toxic chemicals. A. Addiction B. Alcoholism C. Benzodiazepine D. Drug addiction Wilson's disease, a hereditary disease which causes the body to retain________. A. Copper

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B. Gold C. Palladium D. Silver ________ of the liver (primary hepatocellular carcinoma orcholangiocarcinoma and metastatic cancers, usually from other parts of the gastrointestinal tract). A. Cancer B. Carcinogenesis C. Chemotherapy D. Metastasis What are some common liver disease symptoms? A. Chills and small, spider-like blood vessels visible in the skin B. Dark urine and pale stool C. Jaundice and liver failure D. All of the above Which is the first sign of contracting hepatitis, inflammation of the liver? A. Flu-like symptoms B. Jaundice C. Nausea D. Vomiting What are the common symptoms of hepatitis? A. Dark urine and pale or clay-colored stools B. Jaundice C. Nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain or distention D. All of the above Which symptom of hepatitis is unusual and is expressed only in certain cases? A. Abdominal pain or distention B. Breast development in males C. Loss of appetite D. Low grade fever What are the symptoms of liver encephalopathy? A. Impaired consciousness and changes in logical thinking, personality, and behavior B. Loss of consciousness and coma C. sluggish speech and movement and disorientation D. All of the above What are the symptoms of alcohol-induced liver disease? A. Abdominal discomfort or "feeling full" and confusion B. Discomfort and shortness of breath C. Spider-like veins in the skin D. All of the above What are some of the symptoms of cirrhosis, a chronic liver disease? A. Abnormal nerve function B. Coughing up or vomiting blood C. Curling of fingers D. All the above what is the weight of liver in a human adult? A. 2KG

B. 2.4KG C. 2.5KG D. 1.3KG