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I/O Controller Hub

I/O Controller Hub

I/O Controller Hub (ICH), also known as Intel 82801, is an Intel southbridge on motherboards with Intel chipsets (Intel Hub Architecture). As with any other southbridge, the ICH is used to connect and control peripheral devices.

The first version of the ICH was released in June 1999 along with the Intel 810 northbridge. While its predecessor, the PIIX, was connected to the northbridge through an internal PCI bus with 133 MB/s, the ICH used a proprietary interface (called by Intel Hub Interface) that linked it to the northbridge through an 8-bit wide, 266 MB/s bus. The Hub Interface was a point-to-point connection between different components on the motherboard. Another design decision was to substitute the rigid North-South axis on the motherboard with a star structure. Note that, along with the ICH, Intel evolved other uses of the "Hub" terminology. Thus, the northbridge became the Memory Controller Hub (MCH) or if it had integrated graphics (e.g., Intel 810), the Graphics and Memory Controller Hub (GMCH). Other ICH features include: PCI Rev 2.2 compliant with support for 33 MHz PCI operations. Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) Support Integrated IDE controller for Ultra ATA support System Management Bus (SMBus) with support for IC devices AC'97 2.1 Compliant Link Low Pin Count (LPC) interface

The ICH came in two flavors: 82801AA (ICH) - Ultra ATA/66 support, 6 PCI slots, Alert on LAN support 82801AB (ICH0) - Ultra ATA/33 support, 4 PCI slots, no Alert on LAN

In early 2000 Intel had suffered a significant setback with the i820 northbridge. Customers were not willing to pay the high prices for RDRAM and either bought i810 or i440BX motherboards or changed to the competition. The hastily developed 82815 northbridge for PC-133 SDRAM became Intel's method to recover in the middle class segment. The ICH1 or the new ICH2 (360 pins) could be placed to the side of the 82815. An ICH2 could also be used with Intel's 82850 chipset, which, like the 82820 before it, required the use of RDRAM and supported the Pentium 4 CPU. For the first time a Fast Ethernet chip (82559) was integrated into the southbridge, depending upon an external PHY chip.


The PATA interface was accelerated to ATA/100 and the number of USB connections was doubled to four. The integrated AC'97 sound controller gained support for up to six channel sound. There was also a mobile variant called the ICH2-M. The following variations existed: 82801BA (ICH2) 82801BAM (ICH2-M) Mobile

I/O Controller Hub

In 2001, Intel delivered ICH3, which was available in two versions. The server version, ICH3-S, running with the E7501 Northbridge. And the mobile version, ICH3-M, which worked with the i830 and i845 northbridges. There is no version for desktop motherboards. In comparison with the ICH2, the changes were limited. The PATA Controller now supported "Native Mode", up to six USB-1.1 devices, SMBus 2.0, and the newest SpeedStep version, which allowed power-saving devices to be switched off during operation. The chip had 421 pins. This has the following variations: 82801CA [1] (ICH3-S) Server 82801CAM (ICH3-M) Mobile

The ICH4 was Intel's southbridge for the year 2002. The most important innovation was the support of USB 2.0 on all six ports. Sound support was improved and corresponded the newest AC'97 specification, version 2.3. Like the preceding generation, the ICH4 had 421 pins. This has the following variations: 82801DB [2] (ICH4) Base 82801DBM [3] (ICH4-M) Base Mobile


In 2003, and in conjunction with the i865 and i875 northbridges, the ICH5 was created. A SATA host controller was integrated. The ICH5R variant additionally supported RAID 0 on SATA ports. Eight USB-2.0 ports were available. The chip had full support for ACPI 2.0. It had 460 pins. Since 1999 the 266 MB/s hub interface was assumed to be a bottleneck. In the new chip generation, Intel therefore offered an optional port for a Gigabit Ethernet Controller directly attached to the MCH. The goal of this CSA technology was to reduce the latencies for Gigabit LAN by direct memory access and to free up bandwidth on the Hub interface between ICH and MCH for non removable disk and PCI data traffic.


Since mid-2004, the large motherboard manufacturers noticed an increased complaint ratio with motherboards equipped with ICH5. A cause was the insufficient ESD tolerance of certain ICH5 steppings. In particular, when connecting USB devices via front panels, the chips died by discharges of static electricity. Intel reacted to the problem by shipping ICH5 with increased ESD tolerance. Effective ESD preventive measures on USB ports are difficult and costly, since they can impair signal quality of the USB-2.0 high-speed signals. Many motherboard manufacturers had omitted the necessary high-quality safety devices for front panel connectors for cost reasons.

I/O Controller Hub This has the following variations: 82801E (C-ICH) Communications 82801EB [4] (ICH5) Base 82801ER [5] (ICH5R) RAID 82801EBM (ICH5-M) Base Mobile 6300ESB [6] (ESB) Enterprise Southbridge

ICH6 was Intel's first PCI Express southbridge. It made four PCI Express 1 ports available. Faster 16-Ports were accommodated in the MCH. The bottleneck Hub interface was replaced by a new Direct Media Interface (in reality a PCI Express 4 link) with 1 GB/s per direction. Support for Intel High Definition Audio was included. In addition, AC'97 and the classical PCI 2.3 were still supported. Two additional SATA ports were added, and one PATA channel was removed. The ICH6R variant supported RAID modes 0, 1, 0+1 and the Intel specific "Matrix RAID".
ICH6M ICH6R and ICH6-M implemented AHCI SATA controllers for the first time. The chips had 652 pins. Originally Intel had planned to bring two further variants under the names ICH6W and ICH6RW to the market, which should contain a software Access Point for a Wireless LAN. These chips are published.

This has the following variations: 82801FB [7] (ICH6) Base 82801FR [8] (ICH6R) RAID 82801FBM [9] (ICH6M) Base Mobile 6311ESB [10] (ESB2) Enterprise Southbridge 6321ESB [11] (ESB2) Enterprise Southbridge with integrated LAN for embedded

The ICH7 started to ship in mid-2005 together with Intel's newest high-end MCH, the i955X. Two additional PCI express 1-Ports, an accelerated SATA Controller for up to 300 MB/s data transmission rate, as well as support for Intel's "Active Management Technology" were added. Only the ICH7DH, ICH7R, ICH7-M, ICH7-M DH chip have AHCI support. The ICH7 (Base) and ICH7-U (Ultra-mobile) chip do not support AHCI. The ICH7R additionally supported RAID 5. This has the following variations: 82801GB [12] (ICH7) Base 82801GR [13] (ICH7R) RAID 82801GDH [14] (ICH7DH) Digital Home 82801GBM [15] (ICH7M) Mobile 82801GHM [16] (ICH7M DH) Mobile Digital Home PC82801GU (ICH7-U) Ultra-mobile

I/O Controller Hub

ICH8 is offered in several different versions and is the complement to the 965 class MCH chips. The non-mobile ICH8 does not have a traditional PATA interface, and just one AC'97. In practice, most baseboard manufacturers would like to still support and offer PATA appropriate connection types over additional chips of JMicron or Marvell. As the first, ICH controls the ICH8 eSATA and Gigabit Ethernet (before accommodated in the MCH). The base version possesses only four SATA 2.0 ports. The ICH8R (RAID) as well as the remaining chips have the possibility of attaching six SATA devices. Additionally the ICH8DH (Digital Home) has Quick Resume and can be used together with the P965 and/or G965 in Intel Viiv-certified systems. The counterpart to the ICH8DO (Digital Office) is the Q965 MCH, which together provide Intel vPro compatibility. This has the following variations: 82801HB [17] (ICH8) Base 82801HR [18] (ICH8R) RAID 82801HH [19] (ICH8DH) Digital Home 82801HO [20] (ICH8DO) Digital Office 82801HM [21] (ICH8M) Mobile

82801HEM [22] (ICH8EM) Enhanced Mobile

The ICH9 came out in May 2007 in the P35 (Bearlake) chipset. It removes all PATA support. In practice, many baseboard manufacturers continue providing PATA using an additional chip. Only the ICH9R, ICH9DH, ICH9DO chip have AHCI support. This part has the following variations: 82801IB [23] ICH9 Base (ICH9) neither AHCI or RAID support 82801IR [24] ICH9 RAID (ICH9R) with AHCI and RAID Support 82801IH [25] ICH9 Digital Home (ICH9DH) with AHCI and no RAID Support 82801IO [26] ICH9 Digital Office (ICH9DO) with AHCI and RAID Support 82801IBM [27] ICH9 Base Mobile (ICH9M) 82801IEM [28] ICH9 Enhanced Mobile (ICH9EM) 82801IUX [29] ICH9 Ultra Mobile (ICH9M-SFF)

Intel launched the ICH10 southbridge in June 2008 with the P45 (Eaglelake) chipset. ICH10 implements the 10Gbit/s bidirectional DMI interface to the "northbridge" device. It supports various interfaces to "low-speed" peripherals, and it supports a suite of housekeeping functions. ICH10 also offers reduced load on CPU and decreased power consumption. ICH10 does not offer direct PATA or LPT support. Notably there is support of 'hot-swap' functionality. The RAID variant also supports a new technology called Turbo Memory. This allows the use of flash memory on a motherboard for fast caching. Peripheral support includes: Six PCIe version 1.1 ports, four of which can be configured as either 4 1 or 1 4. PCI bus Six SATA 3 Gbit/s ports in either legacy IDE or AHCI mode. Can support external eSATA

I/O Controller Hub Intel High Definition Audio Integrated gigabit LAN. Two EHCI host controllers (which support up to twelve USB 2.0 connections) This part has the following variations: 82801JB [30] ICH10 Base (ICH10) 82801JR [31] ICH10 RAID (ICH10R) 82801JH [32] ICH10 Digital Home (ICH10D) 82801JO [33] ICH10 Digital Office (ICH10DO)

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27669/ Intel-82801CA-IO-Controller http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27671/ Intel-82801DB-IO-Controller http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27672/ Intel-82801DBM-IO-Controller http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27674/ Intel-82801EB-IO-Controller http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27675/ Intel-82801ER-IO-Controller http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27663/ Intel-6300ESB-IO-Controller http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27676/ Intel-82801FB-IO-Controller http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27678/ Intel-82801FR-IO-Controller

[9] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27677/ Intel-82801FBM-IO-Controller [10] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27664/ Intel-6311ESB-IO-Controller [11] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27665/ Intel-6321ESB-IO-Controller [12] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27679/ Intel-82801GB-IO-Controller [13] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27683/ Intel-82801GR-IO-Controller [14] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27681/ Intel-82801GDH-IO-Controller [15] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27680/ Intel-82801GBM-IO-Controller [16] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27682/ Intel-82801GHM-IO-Controller [17] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27684/ Intel-82801HB-IO-Controller [18] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27687/ Intel-82801HR-IO-Controller [19] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27685/ Intel-82801HH-IO-Controller [20] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 27686/ Intel-82801HO-IO-Controller [21] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 29823/ Intel-82801HM-IO-Controller [22] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 29824/ Intel-82801HEM-IO-Controller [23] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 31892/ Intel-82801IB-IO-Controller [24] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 31894/ Intel-82801IR-IO-Controller [25] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 31898/ Intel-82801IH-IO-Controller [26] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 31899/ Intel-82801IO-IO-Controller [27] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 34229/ Intel-82801IBM-IO-Controller [28] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 34336/ Intel-82801IEM-IO-Controller [29] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 35547/ Intel-82801IUX-SFF-IO-Controller [30] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 34392/ Intel-82801JB-IO-Controller [31] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 34395/ Intel-82801JR-IO-Controller [32] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 34393/ Intel-82801JH-IO-Controller [33] http:/ / ark. intel. com/ products/ 34394/ Intel-82801JO-IO-Controller

Intel 82801AA (ICH) and Intel 82801AB (ICH0) I/O Controller Hub (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/ datashts/290655.htm) Intel 82801BA I/O Controller Hub 2 (ICH2) and Intel 82801BAM I/O Controller Hub 2 Mobile (ICH2-M) Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/290687.htm) Intel 82801CA I/O Controller Hub 3 (ICH3-S) Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/e7500/ datashts/290733.htm) Intel 82801CAM I/O Controller Hub 3 (ICH3-M) Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/ 290716.htm) Intel 82801DB I/O Controller Hub 4 (ICH4) Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/ 290744.htm)

I/O Controller Hub Intel 82801DBM I/O Controller Hub 4 Mobile (ICH4-M) Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/mobile/ datashts/252337.htm) Intel 82801E Communications I/O Controller Hub (C-ICH) Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/ datashts/273598.htm) Intel 82801EB I/O Controller Hub 5 (ICH5) and Intel 82801ER I/O Controller Hub 5 R (ICH5R) Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/252516.htm) Intel 6300ESB I/O Controller Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/intarch/datashts/300641.htm) Intel I/O Controller Hub 6 (ICH6) Family Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/301473. htm) Intel 631xESB/632xESB I/O Controller Hub Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/ 313082.htm) Intel I/O Controller Hub 7 (ICH7) Family Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/307013. htm) Intel I/O Controller Hub 8 (ICH8) Family Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/313056. htm) Intel I/O Controller Hub 9 (ICH9) Family Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts/316972. htm) Intel I/O Controller Hub 10 (ICH10) Family Datasheet (http://www.intel.com/assets/pdf/datasheet/319973. pdf) Intel I/O Controller Hub 10 (ICH10) Family Specification Update (http://www.intel.com/assets/pdf/ specupdate/319974.pdf)

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors

I/O Controller Hub Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=443217164 Contributors: Andareed, Arch dude, Callit, Chowbok, Classivertsen, Daniel.Cardenas, DaveJB, Denniss, DuncanHill, DuoDeathscyther 02, Echoray, Evert, Flibble, Frap, Gerixau, Hooperbloob, Imperator3733, Jesse Viviano, Jmgonzalez, Jolcese, Jsjsjs1111, Julius Sahara, Kandrey89, Karsini, Kvng, Lightmouse, Muhandes, Pmsyyz, Qurren, RKloti, Res2216firestar, Rilak, Rmmdjmdam, Room101, Section6, TheBigGuy, Thunderbird2, Ultramarine, Unamed102, Wjl2, Yannick56, Yuhong, 145 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors

File:Intel ICH2.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Intel_ICH2.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 Contributors: photo: Qurren (talk), with IXY 10S compact digital camera. File:Intel FW82801DB.JPG Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Intel_FW82801DB.JPG License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Contributors: BloodIce File:Intel-82801EB.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Intel-82801EB.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: Peter Howkins File:KL Intel FW82801FBM Southbridge ES.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:KL_Intel_FW82801FBM_Southbridge_ES.jpg License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Konstantin Lanzet File:Intel ICH7 (82801GR) on motherboard.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Intel_ICH7_(82801GR)_on_motherboard.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Angusmclellan, Kvng

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