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What We Do Summary of Products and Services

IPC can provide and apply a wide variety of industrial coatings. The main application areas are as follows: Floors Tanks Roofing Pipes Pumps Structural steel

Every industrial complex or factory needs protective coatings during initial construction and fabrication or as part of a regular maintenance program. Floors Floor coatings are normally applied for the following reasons: Decorative Marking lines Safety purposes To give Anti-slip properties To give Anti-static properties To level the floor surface To fix cracks and other imperfections To increase lighting levels To make the floors chemical resistant To increase strength To facilitate nighttime vision

We use several different products on floors to meet the needs of our clients. These include a wide variety of Epoxy material, which is a thin plastic coating available in different thicknesses. Epoxy is: Inexpensive Easy to clean Prevents build-up of dust so that products and machinery are not damaged

Epoxy can be poured on the floor (self-leveling) or it can be rolled on. Different thicknesses of the Epoxy coat have different functions. It can also strengthen the floor by covering cracks and imperfections in the concrete. Our Epoxy products also make the floor lighter in color, which improves visibility where it is applied. Most of our Epoxy products last a long time and have a 2-year warranty.

Different clients have different needs. Some want a cleaner environment than concrete provides so IPC will pour/roll 0.2mm or 200 microns of topcoat. Some clients will want a thin topcoat like this just for marking purposes. This thin coat of Epoxy will not last a lifetime and it is not impact resistant. It also does not provide a smooth surface that a thicker coat would. A 500-micron (0.5mm) topcoat is much more impact resistant and much smoother. Its finish appears glossy and this topcoat has a much longer lifetime. This is the thickness a customer needs to cover cracks in the concrete and strengthen the floor. Companies who want a thicker topcoat like this often use forklifts and other light vehicles on the floor. Epoxy can easily support this weight. IPC also covers floors for forklift environments. A floor needs a 0.6-1mm thickness to support the weight of most forklifts. If there is substantial impact on the floor by pallets, cages or the fork of the forklift then the Epoxy floor needs a 1-6mm thickness. This is called epoxy screed. It is for very heavy duty industrial environments that need to support a lot of weight and sustain substantial impacts.

Overview of Epoxy 0.2mm Cleaner dust free environment Smooth finish Can cover cracks in cement Impact resistant Long lifetime Can mark the floor Glossy finish Increased light levels Can support forklifts Forklift with heavy impact Easy to clean Flat floor Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No Yes with good Concrete 0.5mm Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 1mm Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes 6mm Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

IPC will generally use Sika products when doing an epoxy floor. Sika coatings can be colored, useful for decoration, markings, and warnings for safety purposes. Examples of clients who have done this include ICC. IPC also use Ashford products. Ashford Formula is not a coating that rests on the top of the surface of the cement. Instead, it is a chemical that reacts with the salts in the concrete. This makes the concrete very dense and it becomes both waterproof and hard. After cleaning it appears very shiny, but it does not allow for different colors.

Another industrial coating that IPC uses on floors is called Polyurethane. Polyurethane is primarily used in the food industry because it is less slippery when wet. It is cleaner than epoxy and easier to stand on. This product is more elastic and therefore better suited for cover cracks in cement. It is also more expensive than epoxy. Polyurethane can withstand higher temperatures.

Comparisons between Epoxy and Polyurethane Epoxy Yes if thicker No Yes Yes Lower No Polyurethane No Better Yes Yes Yes Higher Yes

Slippery when wet Good at covering cracks in cement Easy to stand on Low dust levels Easy to clean Price Suitable for high temperatures

Some of our clients need their floors to be anti-slip for safety purposes. There are two ways to achieve this; the first is a product called Thixotropic. This is a thin coat of textured epoxy applied to the floor. Typically the coat is 1mm or less. It is resistant to wear (e.g. Fork lift tires) and is also easier to clean. The finished surface is also often called Orange skin. The second is a method called Broadcasting. This is a method of applying the epoxy where sand is sprayed onto the epoxy after it is applied. You can adjust the roughness of the texture by using different grain sizes of sand. The end result looks like sand paper. A customer can have a thicker floor with the broadcasting method, which makes it more impact resistant.

Comparisons between the two anti-slip methods Tixotropic Price Thickness Impact resistant Wear on tires Easy to clean Cheaper 1mm No Low Easier Broadcasted More expensive any thickness Yes Significant Harder

IPC has many customers who want an anti-static floor. We use Electrostatically Dissipative (ESD) coating. This is a thin polyurethane coating (1.5mm) over the floor. Typically a semi conductor factory will want to use this product, as well as companies where there is a risk of explosion. Floors that have this coating prevent electrostatic buildup. We can apply reflective paint to floors. This is used for marking lines to improve nighttime visibility.

Concrete Tanks IPC coats a large number of tanks for industrial users. This often includes tanks that contain wastewater and petrochemicals. We carry several chemical resistant product lines with which to coat tanks. They include so laminate coatings or FRP (Fiberglass reinforced plastic). They include Furan resin, Polyester resin, and Vinylester resin. The resin that is used depends upon the industrial chemical that a client is working with. Furan is used in the Petrochemical industry. Vinylester is used in water treatment plants. It has a wide range of chemical resistant properties and is to some degree heat resistant. This product doesnt have much shrinkage after it is applied. Polyester is a very cheap product and is not usually recommended by IPC. However some customers want the product and we will apply it after discussing the problems encountered with its use. These include delamination it will peel off the surface due to shrinkage during the curing process. It is often used in wastewater tanks. FRP coatings typically last 8 to 10 years when the tanks contain chemicals. The resin is mixed with a fiberglass mesh (available in different thicknesses) in order to to add thickness and strength to the coating. A thicker coating gives a longer lifetime. IPC will also install and repair brick and tile linings for tanks. These linings are highly chemical and temperature resistant. They are also impact resistant. Brick and tile linings can be used for floors also when they need to be chemical or temperature resistant. IPC recommends different thicknesses for different purposes. Brick and tile linings are very expensive. They are often used in petrochemical plants.

Epoxy coatings can also be used on tank linings. It is easy to apply and is not sensitive to humidity. Epoxy can be used to water proof a tank or coat steel surfaces in tanks. It is cheap and will last 5 years.

A comparison of different types of tank coatings Epoxy Low 5 years Good Water tanks Light chemicals No No FRP Medium 8-10 years Excellent Chemical resistance Yes Yes Brick/Tile High 10 years+ Good Petrochemical N/A Yes

Cost Lifetime Value for money Typical use Crack repairs Can withstand impacts

Pipes IPC generally coats steel pipes although occasionally we run across cement pipes. The pipes we have coated include: Cooling water pipes Fire fighting pipes Gas pipes Waste water pipes Offshore pipes

Customers want their steel pipes coated to protect them from chemicals and corrosion. The thickness of the coats that IPC applies depends upon the use of the pipes. Anything steel that is going to come into contact with water will need a much thicker coat to prevent corrosion. Before coating is applied to pipes, it is necessary to carry out sandblasting or mechanical de-rusting; otherwise our coatings will not properly adhere to the pipe. Sandblasting is more expensive, but it will take all of the rust off the pipe. We have to do this for any offshore work or for any pipes submerged in water or located near cooling water towers. You cannot use sandblasting in some environments because it will create too much dust around the machinery.

Mechanical de-rusting involves the use of power tools like grinders and sand paper machines to get rid of most, but not all, of the rust on the pipe. The problem with mechanical de-rusting is that old rust can grow under the coating. This is known as diffusion.

Comparisons between sandblasting and mechanical de-rusting Mechanical De-rusting Yes Low Mostly Sometimes Dry pipes

Use around machinery Price Gets rid of rust? Diffusion occurs? Typical use

Sandblasting No - too much Dust High Completely No Offshore, submersed Pipes

IPC uses both Jotun and Akzo Nobel to coat pipes. Both are equally capable and similarly priced. Jotun is more readily available and you can get a topcoat in specialized colors. After the rust is removed, IPC applies a primer to the steel. There is then an intermediate coat, which is the layer that adds thickness to the coating. You need thicker coatings for pipes that come in contact with water, pipes that reside in a lot of humidity, and pipes near the ocean. A topcoat is applied to the intermediate layer only if the pipe is outdoors due to UV rays. Indoor pipes do not need a topcoat.

Steel Structures Steel structures generally follow the same rules as pipes. IPC uses Jotun and Akzo Nobel on steel structures and we de-rust them as well. Examples of steel structures we have worked with include Yokohama

Roofing IPC coats two types of roof to make them water proof. Flat concrete roofs Steel sheet metal roofs

We use a water based elastomeric roof membrane and in some cases polyurethane.

The water based elastomeric roof membrane has several advantages. It is elastic, meaning that it expands and contracts with the temperature, as does the underlying concrete. IPC applies it by roller and it requires several coats. It can be reinforced with fiber mesh to give more thickness on the roof. We do this when you have, or expect to have, wide cracks. Glass mesh can be used when there are existing gaps on steel roofs. The coating will last 3 to 5 years. This product is somewhat fragile; you can walk on it, but not work on it. Polyurethane is tougher and provides a thicker coating to the roof. You can both walk and work on this surface. It is elastic, again expanding and contracting with the outside temperature. Polyurethane is self-leveling because we pour it on. It is UV resistant and provides a much longer lifetime. However, it is more expensive.

Comparisons between water based elastomeric roof membranes and polyurethane Elastomeric Yes Yes, with mesh No, without mesh Rolled on Yes Lower 3-5 years Yes Polyurethane Yes Yes Poured on (Self-leveling) Higher Higher >5 years No

Elastic Thickness Application UV resistance Price Lifetime Use with existing cracks in Steel roofs

Industrial Protective Coatings Co. Ltd Thailand Office: 179/9 Moo 9, Bangsaray, Sattahip, Chonburi 20250 Phone: +66 (0) 38 053 077 Email: kai@ipcthailand.com Web: http://ipcthailand.com/ Vietnam Office: 12 Le Thanh Ton Street, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1. HCMC M: +84 (0) 123 932 7055 Email: mark@ipcvietnam.com Web: http://ipcvietnam.com