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Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) User Guide Version 3.13 www.actix.com
Automatic Cell
Planning (ACP)
User Guide
Version 3.13
www.actix.com

Documentation Version:

Software Version:

ACP-v3.13, June 2010

Actix Radioplan ACP v3.13 Actix Radioplan v3.13

The content of this manual is provided for information only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation.

Copyright © 20012010 by Actix GmbH.

All rights reserved.

Trademark Notice Radioplan is a registered trademark of Actix GmbH in the European Union. Actix and the Actix logo are trademarks of Actix Ltd. All other product or brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

Contact:

Actix GmbH Altmarkt 10 D-01067 Dresden Germany tel.: +49 (0) 351 404 29 0 fax: +49 (0) 351 404 29 50 e-mail: sales@actix.com www.actix.com

Actix Ltd 200 Hammersmith Road Hammersmith London, W6 7DL United Kingdom www.actix.com

Contents

1 INTRODUCTION

7

1.1 OBJECTIVES OF NETWORK OPTIMIZATION

7

1.2 CHALLENGES IN RADIO NETWORK OPTIMIZATION

8

1.3 ADVANTAGES OF THE ACTIX RADIOPLAN SOLUTION

9

2 RADIOPLAN ACP OVERVIEW

11

2.1 RADIOPLAN ACP NETWORK OPTIMIZATION PROCESS

11

2.2 ACTIX RADIOPLAN INTEGRATION IN THE PLANNING AND OPTIMIZATION PROCESS

13

2.3 OPTIMIZATION TASKS

14

2.3.1 Site Selection and Site Integration

14

2.3.2 Capacity and Coverage (Cell Parameter) Optimization

15

2.3.3 Overshooting Cells Detection and Handling

16

2.3.4 Optimization Series

16

2.4

MAIN ELEMENTS IN THE GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE

17

3 OPTIMIZATION

- GENERAL SETTINGS

20

4 OPTIMIZATION PROJECT CONFIGURATION

24

4.1 NETWORK LAYER

24

4.2 AREAS

25

4.3 CLUTTER CLASSES SETTINGS

28

4.4 ANTENNA SETTINGS

29

4.5 SITE SETTINGS

32

4.6 CELL

SETTINGS

34

4.6.1

Optimization Capabilities

35

4.6.1.1 Conditions for Shared Antenna Parameters

39

4.6.2 General Settings

40

4.6.3 Resources Settings

41

4.6.4 HSDPA Settings (UMTS only)

45

4.6.5 Transmitters Settings (GSM and iDEN only)

48

4.6.6 Custom Parameters Settings

50

4.7 ADDITIONAL ANTENNA SETTINGS

52

4.8 REPEATER SETTINGS

52

4.9 USER, TRAFFIC, AND REVENUE CONFIGURATION

54

5 OPTIMIZATION WIZARD

56

5.1

ANALYSIS SETTINGS

56

5.1.1 Analysis Settings for CDMA and UMTS

56

5.1.2 Analysis Settings for GSM and iDEN

57

5.1.3 Analysis Settings for WiMAX

59

5.1.4 Analysis Settings for LTE

59

5.1.5 Network Load Slider (CDMA and UMTS only)

60

5.1.6 Calculation Pixel Size

 

64

5.1.7 Advanced / Computation Effort Settings

64

5.1.8 Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Margin

66

5.1.9 Best Cell Overlap Evaluation Method (GSM and iDEN)

66

5.1.10 Traffic and Area

Masking

66

5.1.11 Reconfigurable Cell Selection

69

5.1.12 Relevant Cells Plot

 

70

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5.1.13

HSDPA (UMTS only)

70

5.1.14 EVDO (CDMA only)

72

5.1.15 Use GPEH Data (UMTS only)

72

5.2

OPTIMIZATION WIZARD

73

5.2.1 Template Selection

73

5.2.2 Optimization Task Selection and Optimization Plot Settings

74

5.2.2.1 CDMA or UMTS Target Network Layer(s)

74

5.2.2.2 GSM or iDEN Target Network Layer(s)

76

5.2.2.3 WiMAX Target Network Layer(s)

77

5.2.2.4 LTE Target Network Layer(s)

78

5.2.3 Sites To Be Integrated

79

5.2.4 Target and Constraint Network Layers for Multi-Layer Optimization

80

5.2.5 Settings for Target Layers (Analysis Settings)

81

5.2.5.1 Additional Thresholds (CDMA and UMTS only)

82

5.2.5.2 Neighbor Cell Detection

83

5.2.5.3 Method for Electrical Tilt Optimization

84

5.2.5.4 Overshooting Cell Compensation

84

5.2.6 Settings for Constraint Layers

85

5.2.7 Cost Control

88

5.2.8 Configuration Summary

92

5.2.9 Optimization Results

92

5.3

REVENUE ANALYSIS

93

5.3.1

Covered Revenue Function

93

6 OPTIMIZATION ANALYSIS

94

6.1

OPTIMIZATION PROGRESS

 

96

6.1.1 Updating the Automatic Optimization Plots

96

6.1.2 Optimization Progress Chart

97

6.2

ANALYSIS PLOTS

100

6.2.1

Best Pilot Received Power / Best RxPower / Best Pilot RSCP / Best Pilot

RSSI (CDMA, UMTS, WiMAX, and LTE)

100

6.2.2 Best RxLev_DL Power (GSM and iDEN only)

102

6.2.3 Best Cell Areas of All, Reconfigurable, and Relevant Cells

103

6.2.4 RSSI (CDMA and UMTS only)

104

6.2.5 Best Pilot Ec/Io (CDMA and UMTS only)

107

6.2.6 Best Pilot CINR / Best C/I (WiMAX only)

108

6.2.7 Best Pilot SINR (LTE only)

 

109

6.2.8 Best C/I (GSM and iDEN only)

110

6.2.9 Pilot RSCP Coverage (CDMA, UMTS, and LTE)

111

6.2.10 Pilot RSSI

Coverage

(WiMAX only)

112

6.2.11 RxLev_DL Coverage (GSM and iDEN only)

113

6.2.12 Pilot RSCP Coverage Threshold (CDMA, UMTS, and LTE)

113

6.2.13 Pilot RSSI Coverage Threshold (WiMAX only)

114

6.2.14 RxLev_DL Coverage Threshold (GSM and iDEN only)

114

6.2.15 Pilot Ec/Io Coverage (CDMA and UMTS only)

114

6.2.16 Pilot

CINR

Coverage

(WiMAX only)

115

6.2.17 Pilot SINR Coverage (LTE only)

115

6.2.18 C/I Coverage (GSM and iDEN only)

116

6.2.19 Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Threshold (CDMA and UMTS only)

116

6.2.20 Pilot CINR Coverage Threshold (WiMAX only)

117

6.2.21 Pilot SINR Coverage Threshold (LTE only)

117

6.2.22 C/I Coverage Threshold (GSM and iDEN only)

117

6.2.23 Best Cell Overlap

 

118

6.2.24 Cell Overlap Ratio per Cell

119

6.2.25 Site Overlap Ratio per Site

119

6.2.26 Equivalent DL or UL Traffic per Pixel (CDMA and UMTS only)

120

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6.2.26.1

User Activity Factor

122

6.2.26.2 DL or UL Service Activity Factor

123

6.2.26.3 DL or UL Radio Bearer Activity Factor

124

6.2.26.4 DL or UL Service Correction Factor

125

6.2.26.5 Special Case: HSDPA Users

126

6.2.27 Absolute Traffic

126

6.2.28 Relative Traffic per Cell (CDMA and UMTS only)

127

6.2.29 Relative Load per Cell (CDMA and UMTS only)

128

6.2.30 Users per Cell

129

6.2.31 Cell Sizes

130

6.2.32 CQI (UMTS only)

130

6.2.33 Total Revenue

132

6.2.34 Covered Revenue

133

6.2.35 Lost Revenue

134

6.2.36 Total Revenue per Cell

135

6.2.37 Covered Revenue per Cell

136

6.2.38 Lost Revenue per Cell

137

6.3

GRAPHICAL ANALYSIS OF CHANGES AFTER OPTIMIZATION

138

6.3.1 Cell Changes (Overview)

138

6.3.2 Tilt, Azimuth, or Power Changes

139

6.3.3 Difference of the Relative Load per Cell (CDMA and UMTS only)

140

6.3.4 Relative Score per Cell

141

6.3.5 Difference of the Covered Revenue per Cell

142

6.3.6 Difference of the Lost Revenue per Cell

143

7 OPTIMIZATION RESULTS

145

7.1

RESULTS DIALOG

145

7.1.1 Change List

149

7.1.2 Work Order

149

7.2 OPTIMIZATION SUMMARY REPORT

149

7.3 SUBMIT TO DATABASE

154

8 OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHMS

157

8.1

OPTIMIZATION PRINCIPLES

157

8.1.1

Basic Optimization Method

158

8.1.1.1 Focus on RF Network Characteristics

159

8.1.2 Search Window Defined by Max. Steps Up and Down

160

8.1.3 Required Performance Improvement (RPI)

161

8.1.4 Coverage Constraints

162

8.1.4.1 Preferred Coverage Objective

165

8.1.5 Optimization Performance

166

8.1.6 ROI and Revenue Thresholds

166

8.2

SITE SELECTION OPTIMIZER

168

8.2.1 Project Configuration

168

8.2.2 Problem Analysis

169

8.2.3 Site Selection Optimization Configuration

170

8.2.4 Objective Function and Side Constraints

175

8.2.5 Algorithm Sequence

176

8.3

CAPACITY AND COVERAGE OPTIMIZER

178

8.3.1 Project Configuration

178

8.3.2 Problem Analysis

179

8.3.3 Capacity and Coverage Optimization Configuration

180

8.3.4 Objective Function and Side Constraints for CDMA and UMTS Target

Network Layers depending on the RSCP vs. Ec/Io Slider

184

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8.3.5

Objective Function and Side Constraints for GSM and iDEN Target

 

Network Layers depending on the RxLev_DL vs. Overlap Slider

187

8.3.6 Additional Side Constraints by Constraint Network Layers

189

8.3.7 Algorithm Sequence

190

8.4

SITE INTEGRATION OPTIMIZER

191

8.4.1 Project Configuration

191

8.4.2 Problem Analysis

191

8.4.3 Site Integration Optimization Configuration

191

8.4.4 Objective Function and Side Constraints

192

8.5

OVERSHOOTING CELLS OPTIMIZER

192

8.5.1 Project Configuration

192

8.5.2 Problem Analysis

192

8.5.3 Overshooting Cells Optimization Configuration

192

8.5.4 Objective Function

and Side Constraints

193

9 CUSTOMIZATION

195

9.1 DEFAULT AND USER-DEFINED CONFIGURATION FILES

195

9.2 CUSTOMIZABLE CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS

196

10 RUNNING OPTIMIZATION SERIES

219

11 ABBREVIATIONS

222

12 REFERENCES

224

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Introduction 7

1 Introduction

The Actix Radioplan software comprises the Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) tool, which enables a highly efficient automated 2G and 3G network optimization that is easily integrated into the network operator‟s planning and optimization processes. Thus, it ensures a profitable network setup for achieving the maximum coverage, capacity, and service quality at minimum costs.

1.1 Objectives of Network Optimization

Network optimization is the process of steadily improving the network setup from the planning stage up to the live optimization of the running network.

The key objectives of network optimization are thus:

Cut down operational and capital expenditures significantlyThe key objectives of network optimization are thus: Increase data service revenues and maintain a high

Increase data service revenues and maintain a high quality of service with a cost- efficient network setupCut down operational and capital expenditures significantly Reduce the time to market for new network setups

Reduce the time to market for new network setups and new services significantlyhigh quality of service with a cost- efficient network setup Evolve the network in a controlled

Evolve the network in a controlled manner in alignment with the marketing traffic forecastmarket for new network setups and new services significantly Ensure a leading edge position regarding network

Ensure a leading edge position regarding network quality and capacity against competing networksmanner in alignment with the marketing traffic forecast Two main tasks can be distinguished where the

Two main tasks can be distinguished where the optimal network setup has to be found:

the deployment of the required infrastructure (launch)where the optimal network setup has to be found: and the maximum utilization of the existing

and

the maximum utilization of the existing infrastructure (post-launch).the deployment of the required infrastructure (launch) and The launch task corresponds to the initial deployment

The launch task corresponds to the initial deployment of the network as well as to the extension of an existing network by additional sites. It is characterized by:

the selection of the base station sitesnetwork by additional sites. It is characterized by: and the initial cell configurations. The post-launch task

and

the initial cell configurations.by: the selection of the base station sites and The post-launch task corresponds to stabilizing and

The post-launch task corresponds to stabilizing and adapting the launched network best to the real-world environment. It is characterized by:

maximizing the coverage, capacity, and service quality through the reconfigurationbest to the real-world environment. It is characterized by: of the existing infrastructure by means of

of the existing infrastructure

by means of

the optimization of the network layout, i.e. of certain cell parameters, and possibly Radio Resource Management (RRM) parameters.capacity, and service quality through the reconfiguration of the existing infrastructure by means of www.actix.com

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Introduction 8

1.2 Challenges in Radio Network Optimization

So far both tasks, the network deployment and the maximum utilization of the existing infrastructure, rely on experienced planning engineers that manually select sites or reconfigure the planned network setup based on their RF and radio technology expertise thereby usually using extensive drive test data and/or a planning tool for evaluation. Such a planning tool incorporates pathloss predictions as well as terrain and clutter information and may also include a static simulator, which incorporates the assumptions on the traffic load, traffic distribution, and service mix.

This approach is very time-consuming, tedious, and error-prone, especially for large areas. Instead, an automated process relieves the planning and/or optimization engineer from the repeating manual tasks and can thus save much engineering time. Moreover, it enables the evaluation of many more possible network setups based on clearly defined performance measures and cost constraints, thus providing the engineer with a network setup that is much more comprehensive and cost-effective.

Even more than in 2G TDMA radio networks, the capacity and quality of a 3G W-CDMA network strongly depends on the spatial multi-service traffic distribution. Therefore, if 3G traffic measurements or at least forecasts are already available and reliable, the network optimization needs to consider that traffic data.

However, the traffic-relevant evaluation of each configuration change during the iterative optimization process by means of reliable simulation results is very time-consuming. Moreover, before applying the optimized network setup to the network, it may be validated by a planning tool using static simulations. Hence, the optimization and the validation method, both using simulations, would not be independent from each other.

Generally, the success of the network optimization in the planning process, whether manual or automated, is predetermined by the accuracy of the planning data, namely by the predictions and, if available, incorporated measurements of the pathloss and the user behavior.

Last but not least, a successful automated optimization is not only required to quickly produce its results, but also to be closely integrated into the planning process and workflows as well as to provide comprehensive analysis and reporting capabilities as well as a high usability.

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Introduction 9

1.3 Advantages of the Actix Radioplan Solution

Actix Radioplan ACP has superior characteristics compared to competing approaches due to the following aspects:

Simple to integrate into existing 2G and 3G network planning and optimization workflows. Entire planning imple to integrate into existing 2G and 3G network planning and optimization workflows. Entire planning data configurations can be imported into Radioplan ACP in a single step without any further modification e.g. via the Atoll Synchronization Module (ASM) or other planning-tool-specific plugins to Radioplan ACP. Thus, the optimization process totally relies on planning data, namely the network setup, pathloss maps, DEM terrain maps, clutter maps, multi-service traffic maps (optionally), and the optimization constraints. The planning data can also be tuned and updated with measurement data from drive tests in the real network. The Radioplan ACP optimization process and its workflow integration is described in chapter 2.

Closely supports both launch and post-launch optimization tasks by individual optimization algorithms that match the specific planning goals. launch and post-launch optimization tasks by individual optimization algorithms that match the specific planning goals. Corresponding optimization tasks of Radioplan ACP are described in section 2.3.

Highly efficient because its basic approach does not utilize an inherent network simulation in the iterative optimization because its basic approach does not utilize an inherent network simulation in the iterative optimization process. This approach is justified by the sophisticated computation of the objective function that accounts for the network load induced by users according to the multi-service traffic distribution as well as the interference between cells due to the network load. Moreover, the Radioplan ACP approach is designed to find the maximum improvement in coverage, capacity, and quality in the shortest time. Thereby cost constraints defined by the network operator are incorporated. The optimization technique is described in chapter 8.

Highly reliable because already in the planning process the optimization results can be independently validated by static because already in the planning process the optimization results can be independently validated by static and dynamic simulations using the integrated Radioplan Network Simulator. This validation of the performance improvement resulting from the optimization is very reliable because the objective functions used for capacity and coverage optimization do not apply simulations and are thus independent from the validation method. Additionally, the optimization results can easily be validated by drive-test measurements from the live network. Moreover, the user can decide to what extent the possibly uncertain traffic forecasts shall be incorporated in the optimization. The optimization process is described in section 2.1 and the optimization technique in more detail in chapter 8.

Easy and intuitive to use. The graphical user interface effectively supports the user throughout the entire optimization process. In . The graphical user interface effectively supports the user throughout the entire optimization process. In particular, it provides comprehensive reporting and graphical analysis capabilities including powerful direct comparisons of the initial and the optimized network setups and the optimization progress is permanently communicated to the user including an animated presentation of the performance improvements through the reconfigurations. The usability is well illustrated by the description of the application scenarios in chapter 2.3 as well as by the overall description of the configuration and analysis capabilities in the present documentation.

Customizable such that configuration settings can be predefined for certain optimization scenarios, which enable an instant such that configuration settings can be predefined for certain optimization scenarios, which enable an instant start of the optimization. The customization is described in chapter 9.

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Introduction 10

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Radioplan ACP Overview 11

2 Radioplan ACP Overview

2.1 Radioplan ACP Network Optimization Process

The Radioplan ACP network optimization process relies on planning data that is possibly tuned and updated with measurement data from the live network. In particular, the network setup, pathloss maps, DEM terrain maps, the clutter map, multi-service traffic maps (optionally), and the optimization constraints are fed into the optimization process, Fig. 2-1.

Simulations or

Simulations or

Measurements

Measurements

(optional)

(optional)

pre-analysis

pre-analysis

network setup

network setup

DEM map

DEM map

pathloss maps

pathloss maps

clutter map

clutter map

traffic maps

traffic maps

constraints

constraints

reconfiguration reconfiguration of the of the network setup network setup objective objective function function
reconfiguration
reconfiguration
of the
of the
network setup
network setup
objective
objective
function
function

High-speed iterative process

High-speed iterative process

High-speed iterative process High-speed iterative process Simulations or Simulations or Measurements Measurements
High-speed iterative process High-speed iterative process Simulations or Simulations or Measurements Measurements

Simulations or

Simulations or

Measurements

Measurements

(optional)

(optional)

QoS

QoS

validation

validation

Fig. 2-1 Network optimization process supported by Radioplan ACP

The initial network setup can be analyzed instantly by a set of analysis plots that highlight optimization-relevant performance measures and illustrate the objective functions. Thereby problem areas can be identified and the need for and required extent of optimization can be determined.

Generally, the network setup can be reconfigured by selecting:

the network setup can be reconfigured by selecting: site locations and antenna heights as well as

site locations

and

antenna heightssetup can be reconfigured by selecting: site locations and as well as by changing: antenna types,

as well as by changing:

antenna types,site locations and antenna heights as well as by changing: electrical and mechanical antenna tilts, antenna

electrical and mechanical antenna tilts,site locations and antenna heights as well as by changing: antenna types, antenna azimuths, and cell

antenna azimuths,heights as well as by changing: antenna types, electrical and mechanical antenna tilts, and cell powers.

and

cell powers.as well as by changing: antenna types, electrical and mechanical antenna tilts, antenna azimuths, and www.actix.com

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Radioplan ACP Overview 12

The optimization tasks that are targeted by the Radioplan ACP optimization algorithms are described in section 2.3.

Appropriate objective functions have been defined for these optimizers:

An objective function that represents the coverage probability is used to maximize the coverage.objective functions have been defined for these optimizers: An objective function that represents the cell load

An objective function that represents the cell load or cell overlapping is used to minimize interference and power consumption in order to maximize the capacity and service quality.the coverage probability is used to maximize the coverage. Since the optimization is often a trade-off

Since the optimization is often a trade-off between conflicting goals, the objective functions are additionally combined with constraints, e.g. with respect to coverage, balanced network load, and above all costs.

The optimization algorithms employ these objective functions in different ways as described in chapter 8.

As also illustrated in Fig. 2-1, the optimization process is an iterative procedure where alternately the objective function is computed over the optimization region and then certain network parameters are adjusted. This means implicitly that apart from the calculation of the objective function, which is based on the available planning and measurement data, no expensive simulation of the network is performed during capacity and coverage optimization. This fact greatly contributes to the extreme efficiency of the method applied.

Moreover, the deterministic Direction Set (“Powell‟s”) algorithm that is applied in the optimization method combined with a partitioning into local groups of affected cells and with heuristics based on Actix‟s extensive radio network expertise – ensure that the optimum network setup can be found within the huge parameter space of the optimization problem extremely fast.

In addition to that all available system resources can be efficiently exploited because Radioplan ACP supports parallel processing.

During the automated optimization process animated plots and charts illustrate the progress of the reconfigurations that are accepted by the evaluation heuristics as well as their impact on performance measures and objective functions.

Analysis and validation capabilities allow a direct comparison of the network setup before and after optimization as well as reporting. Moreover, exporting functions support the feedback of the optimization results in the planning and optimization process and their application in the live network.

process and their application in the live network. Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization process
process and their application in the live network. Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization process
process and their application in the live network. Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization process
process and their application in the live network. Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization process
process and their application in the live network. Optimization Problem Optimizer Optimization process

Optimization

Problem

Optimizer

Optimization process

Optimization

capabilities

analysis

configuration

- including progress

results analysis

configuration in

indication and

and reporting

each project

automatic optimization plots

Fig. 2-2 Optimization sub-steps of Radioplan ACP network optimization process

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Radioplan ACP Overview 13

Radioplan ACP efficiently supports the following sub-steps of the network optimization process as illustrated in Fig. 2-2:

Optimization capabilities configuration in the Radioplan project:optimization process – as illustrated in Fig. 2-2: by optimization-relevant settings that can be specific to

by optimization-relevant settings that can be specific to each project see chapter 4;

Problem analysis for an appropriate optimizer configuration:that can be specific to each project – see chapter 4; by a large variety of

by a large variety of Analysis Plots as part of the comprehensive Radioplan data visualization and analysis capabilities see chapter 6;

Optimizer configuration:visualization and analysis capabilities – see chapter 6; by the Optimization Wizard – see chapter 5;

by the Optimization Wizard see chapter 5;

Optimization process:by the Optimization Wizard – see chapter 5; by a visualization of the optimization progress –

by a visualization of the optimization progress see chapter 6;

Optimization results analysis and reporting:of the optimization progress – see chapter 6; by a variety of plots and reports as

by a variety of plots and reports as part of the comprehensive Radioplan data visualization and analysis capabilities see chapters 7.

2.2 Actix Radioplan Integration in the Planning and Optimization Process

As a part of Actix Radioplan, the automated network optimization provided by Radioplan ACP is integrated with planning tools and measurement equipment usually applied in the planning and optimization process as depicted in Fig. 2-3.

Radio Access Network Radio Access Network
Radio Access Network
Radio Access Network
Planning Database Planning Database DEM & DEM & Pathloss Pathloss Traffic Traffic Clutter Clutter Maps
Planning Database
Planning Database
DEM &
DEM &
Pathloss
Pathloss
Traffic
Traffic
Clutter
Clutter
Maps
Maps
Maps
Maps
Maps
Maps

Planning

Planning

Tool

Tool

Network Network Setup Setup
Network
Network
Setup
Setup
Investig. Investig. & & Focus Focus Areas Areas
Investig.
Investig.
&
&
Focus
Focus
Areas
Areas
Con- Con- straints straints
Con-
Con-
straints
straints

Measurement

Measurement

Equipment

Equipment

straints Measurement Measurement Equipment Equipment Automated Automated Drive Test Analysis Drive Test
straints Measurement Measurement Equipment Equipment Automated Automated Drive Test Analysis Drive Test
straints Measurement Measurement Equipment Equipment Automated Automated Drive Test Analysis Drive Test
Automated Automated Drive Test Analysis Drive Test Analysis Network Optimization Network Optimization Planning Data
Automated
Automated
Drive Test Analysis
Drive Test Analysis
Network Optimization
Network Optimization
Planning Data
Planning Data
Optimizing of
Optimizing of
Performance
Performance
Site and antenna height selection
Site and antenna height selection
Planning Data
Planning Data
and adaptation of:
and adaptation of:
Database
Database
• •
antenna tilt
antenna tilt
• •
antenna azimuth
antenna azimuth
• •
antenna type/pattern
antenna type/pattern
• •
cell power
cell power
Dynamic & Static
Dynamic & Static
Network Simulation
Network Simulation

Tuning of

Tuning of

Network Layout &

Network Layout &

Fig. 2-3 Actix Radioplan ACP Tool Integration

The current network setup and further information required for planning and optimization is usually contained in the planning database of the radio network planning tool. Radioplan has interfaces to such planning tools in order to seamlessly import and export the planning data thereby applying automated data conversion functions.

For instance, for the Atoll planning tool by FORSK the entire planning configurations can be imported via the COM-based ATOLL Synchronization Module (ASM) into Radioplan ACP in a single step without any further modification. Likewise the confirmed optimized network setup can be exported via the ASM to the planning tool.

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Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide

Radioplan ACP Overview 14

Through the incorporated drive test data import and analysis, the planning data, e.g. the pathloss maps, can be tuned automatically based on measurements from the live network.

The planning database that is updated with the optimized network setup can already be used to independently validate the results of the automated network optimization against the planning tool with respect to coverage and capacity indicators.

However, a comprehensive validation including coverage, capacity, and quality requires either live measurements or network simulations. Either approach or a combination of both is supported by Radioplan as it contains not only the drive test analysis, but also incorporates Network Simulators for Monte-Carlo snapshot simulations as well as for fully dynamic network simulations including realistic network models for true and efficient QoS validation.

Please refer to [R-UG] for more information on Radioplan and its modules.

2.3 Optimization Tasks

The optimization algorithms of Radioplan ACP have been designed primarily for the following optimization tasks.

While the example scenarios described below may refer to specific systems, the algorithms can be applied to network configurations of all radio technologies supported by Radioplan:

CDMA, GSM, iDEN, UMTS, WiMAX, and LTE.

2.3.1 Site Selection and Site Integration

For the evaluation whether certain available sites should be added to the network configuration or could be removed from the network configuration, the Site Selection Optimization can be used. As the evaluated sites may have different antenna heights, an antenna height optimization is possible as well. Moreover, through a combination with the Capacity and Coverage Optimization, the cell parameters of the selected sites can automatically be optimized, too.

Possible scenarios include the following:

Investment Planning for 3G Network Launch or Major Expansion (possibly reusing existing 2G sites)

Upon an initial 3G network launch, the locations for the base station sites have to be selected and initial cell configurations have to be applied in order to meet initial coverage and capacity objectives with respect to the investment goals.

Especially for an incumbent network operator with an existing 2G network infrastructure, site selection combines two objectives:

select the existing 2G sites to be reused for 3Ginfrastructure, site selection combines two objectives: and select the optimal sites from additional 3G candidates.

and

select the optimal sites from additional 3G candidates.select the existing 2G sites to be reused for 3G and Thereby, an existing 2G network

Thereby, an existing 2G network potentially makes it easier to rollout a 3G network but can also create problems due to inter-site distances that are not ideal for 3G. Moreover, the 2G coverage objectives may not align with the 3G coverage objectives.

Also 3G operators that still need to increase their coverage footprint and/or provide more network capacity through a considerable number of new sites usually may select from a larger number of possible site locations according to their investment goals.

Hence, the Site Selection Optimization can automatically remove those sites which are not required to meet specified coverage and capacity objectives taking the absolute traffic to be served by the remaining sites into account. Therefore, sites that must remain in the network setup may be fixed and the initial cell configurations of the remaining sites can be optimized automatically. Approved network operator practices for initial cell configurations can be applied, of course, in order to limit the degree of freedom to a great extent.

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Radio Network Design Validation

Network operators in many cases outsource the network design, for example to the radio network equipment vendor (turn-key). Then it is still in the interest of the network operator to get the most from the investment in new sites and to maximize the coverage and capacity of the network.

According to this need, Radioplan ACP can be used to validate the radio network design proposed by the equipment vendor. Through the combination of Site Selection and Capacity and Coverage Optimization the network operator has powerful means to independently validate the proposed sites and the site configurations and eventually identify better site configurations and even sites, which may not be required if the network design would be optimized according to the coverage and capacity requirements of the current network rollout phase.

Fill-in Site Optimization

Moreover, given an existing network (post-launch), the network still continuously evolves and new sites have to be filled in to provide additional coverage and capacity. Thereby, a group of several alternative candidate locations for each new site may be available.

Hence, the Site Selection Optimization can automatically add sites through a selection of the optimal site from each group of alternative candidates in order to achieve the maximum coverage and capacity including the optimization of the initial cell configurations. These candidates can also be cell sites at the same location, but with different antenna heights thus enabling Antenna Height Optimization as well.

If just a single site for a new location has to be integrated (as opposed to a selection from several alternative candidates), the Site Integration Optimization can automatically optimize the initial cell configurations of such a site in accordance with also optimized cell configurations of the surrounding sites in a very straightforward manner.

2.3.2 Capacity and Coverage (Cell Parameter) Optimization

Given an existing network (post-launch), the maximum utilization of the existing infrastructure is decisive for the cost effectiveness of the network operation.

The objective is to maximize the coverage and minimize the interference by the optimization of the existing network, namely through the reconfiguration of the following cell parameters:

antenna typethe reconfiguration of the following cell parameters: antenna mechanical tilt, electrical tilt, and remote

antenna mechanical tilt, electrical tilt, and remote electrical tiltof the following cell parameters: antenna type antenna azimuth cell transmit power of a beacon signal

antenna azimuthmechanical tilt, electrical tilt, and remote electrical tilt cell transmit power of a beacon signal and

cell transmit power of a beacon signal and of possibly other control channels.electrical tilt, and remote electrical tilt antenna azimuth Thereby, depending on the propagation environment, coverage

Thereby, depending on the propagation environment, coverage and interference may be conflicting objectives because the interference can be minimized through a higher cell isolation, i.e. less cell overlapping. However, a too high cell isolation may reduce the coverage.

In 3G CDMA networks, cell parameter optimization is vital for the capacity and service quality.

In FDMA networks like GSM, interference is basically controlled by frequency planning and the capacity mainly by the installation of the appropriate number of transceivers. However, as the GSM network evolves over time by inserting new sites, often the existing sites are not adapted to the denser site configuration. Thus, bad interference conditions and a lack of clearly dominant cell areas may prevent new frequency plans with tighter frequency reuse that can cope with increasing capacity requirements and limited spectrum availability.

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Moreover, in 3G networks, depending on the cell coverage areas and the traffic distribution, there may be a trade-off between interference minimization and traffic load balancing both aimed at maximizing the capacity and service quality.

Especially in the early days of 3G networks traffic data may not be available yet and traffic predictions may not be reliable enough to completely rely on them for network optimization.

Last but not least every cell parameter reconfiguration implies costs for its implementation in the live network. This must be taken into consideration.

Hence, the Capacity and Coverage optimization automatically optimizes the reconfigurable cell parameters and gives the user a number of choices in order to adapt it to the particular network and optimization objectives and constraints. They include for example:

A slider allows the user to set the preference for those cases where maximizing coverage and minimizing interference might require different reconfigurations.objectives and constraints. They include for example: The user has the option to consider the spatial

The user has the option to consider the spatial traffic distribution, if available. Otherwise, a homogeneous traffic distribution is assumed. In case of an inhomogeneous traffic distribution the optimization of high-traffic regions is prioritized over low-traffic regions.interference might require different reconfigurations. Cost parameters (in Radioplan ACP so-called Required

Cost parameters (in Radioplan ACP so-called Required Performance Improvement thresholds) allow the user to control the degree of changes to the network setup and the associated costs.regions is prioritized over low-traffic regions. 2.3.3 Overshooting Cells Detection and Handling Overshooting

2.3.3 Overshooting Cells Detection and Handling

Overshooting cells can impair a consistent radio network design. Nevertheless, they may have been designed for specific reasons at a certain point of time.

Therefore, such cells (also known as “boomer” cells), which over-propagate many others and provide distant best server coverage or strong interference levels, can be identified by Radioplan ACP and, if desired, also down-tilted both automatically according to configurable settings.

This overshooting cells detection and handling is available in Radioplan ACP either as a separate optimization algorithm or as an integrated task at the beginning of a Site Selection, Site Integration, or Capacity and Coverage Optimization.

2.3.4 Optimization Series

Radioplan allows you to run optimization series. You can create different Optimization configuration templates and run those consecutively on individual projects. For more information see section 10.

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2.4 Main Elements in the Graphical User Interface

The main optimization functions of Radioplan ACP can be controlled by the Optimization toolbar, Fig. 2-4.

ACP can be controlled by the Optimization toolbar, Fig. 2-4. Fig. 2-4 Optimization toolbar: before, during,
ACP can be controlled by the Optimization toolbar, Fig. 2-4. Fig. 2-4 Optimization toolbar: before, during,
ACP can be controlled by the Optimization toolbar, Fig. 2-4. Fig. 2-4 Optimization toolbar: before, during,

Fig. 2-4 Optimization toolbar: before, during, and after optimization

Run OptimizationOptimization toolbar: before, during, and after optimization Stop Optimization Unload Optimization Module Request Plot

Stop Optimizationbefore, during, and after optimization Run Optimization Unload Optimization Module Request Plot Update During

Unload Optimization Moduleand after optimization Run Optimization Stop Optimization Request Plot Update During Optimization Run Optim ization

Request Plot Update During Optimization RunOptimization Stop Optimization Unload Optimization Module Optim ization Summary Report… Show Progress Chart These

Optimization Summary Report… ization Summary Report…

Show Progress ChartDuring Optimization Run Optim ization Summary Report… These functions can also be accessed by the Optimization

These functions can also be accessed by the Optimization menu, Fig. 2-5.

In addition to the main optimization functions, Radioplan ACP provides more options for configuration, analysis, and customization. They can also be accessed by the Optimization menu.

and customization. They can also be accessed by the Optimization menu. Fig. 2-5 Optimization menu www.actix.com

Fig. 2-5 Optimization menu

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When selecting Run Optimization the Optimization Wizard is opened, which guides the user through the configuration as described in section 5.2. After confirmation of the last wizard dialog the optimization is started.

By the Stop Optimization option the user can stop a running optimization. Then, the intermediate result is available for analysis, like the result of an optimization.

By the Unload Optimization Module option, the memory occupied by an initialized or completed optimization is released. The information in the memory speeds up further analysis plots. An Unload is required, however, if certain Analysis Settings shall be changed (namely the Calculation Pixel Size ,the Traffic and Area Masking as well as the UMTS HSDPA settings see also section 5.1). Note that Unload Optimization Module is automatically called when selecting Run Optimization.

The Analysis Settings… include all optimization settings that may affect the Analysis Plots as described in section 5.1.

The Analysis Plots are described in section 6.2. The accessibility of the menus depends on the active network layers (refer to section 4.1).

The Revenue Analysis submenu contains some settings as well as a set of plots for revenue analysis as described in sections 5.3 and 6.2, respectively. This functionality is only available if the Capital Planning Module is licensed.

The Optimization Summary Report… gives a tabular overview of the optimization results as described in section 7.2.

Show Progress Chart opens an interactive chart diagram that displays the performance improvements over the steps and accumulated costs as they evolve during the optimization as described in section 6.1.2.

The Automatic Plot Update and the Request Plot Update During Optimization Run options are useful to control the Automatic Optimization Plots for a running optimization as described in section 6.1.1.

Radioplan ACP can be customized using configuration files (*.ini). The menu entries Load Configuration… and Save Configuration… support the management of such customer- and even user-specific configuration files as described in chapter 9.

For information on Run Optimization Series, see chapter 10.

Additionally, Radioplan ACP:

considers some General Settings – as described in chapter 3 – and as described in chapter 3 and

takes project-specific optimization capabilities into account, which can be configured in each Radioplan project as described in chapter 4.General Settings – as described in chapter 3 – and Generally, all important steps and decisions

Generally, all important steps and decisions during both the configuration and the execution of optimizations are logged in the Optimization tab of the Message window below the main window, Fig. 2-6.

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(ACP) Version 3.13 User Guide Radioplan ACP Overview 19 Fig. 2-6 Logging messages example in the

Fig. 2-6 Logging messages example in the Optimization tab of the Message window

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3 Optimization - General Settings

From the Radioplan General Settings dialog, invoked by the menu entry Tools General Settings…, the parameters relevant for Radioplan ACP are described in Table 3-1.

parameters relevant for Radioplan ACP are described in Table 3-1. Fig. 3-1 Radioplan General Settings dialog

Fig. 3-1 Radioplan General Settings dialog

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Table 3-1 Radioplan-ACP-relevant general settings

Parameter

Unit /

Description

Value

Raster Matrix Display Settings

Default

m

Minimum

Plot

Pixel Size

The minimum dimension [m] of a single pixel used for raster matrix plots.

It is the pixel size effective for the display of matrices, which influences the memory and disk space consumption as well as the displaying performance refer also to [R-UG].

Noise in Interference Calculations

Noise Floor

dBm

Noise

dB

Figure

LTE

The noise floor N, which shall represent:

- the thermal noise power N th within the channel bandwidth

and may additionally include:

- the noise figure NF at the terminal

- a network-wide additional loss L T at the terminal side, e.g. for indoor users, which effectively increases the noise floor

resulting in the total configurable value:

N = N th + NF + L T

one for each of the following supported technologies:

UMTS, GSM, CDMA, iDEN, and WiMAX.

For example, the default Noise Floor for UMTS may correspond to N = N th =-107dBm for B = 5MHz and T = 288K as well as NF = 0 and L T = 0.

It is used for interference ratio calculations including:

- Ec/Io calculations in CDMA, UMTS, and LTE projects, and

- C/I calculations in GSM, iDEN, and WiMAX projects.

The noise figure NF for LTE, which can have different system bandwidths. Based on this, the LTE noise floor N LTE is defined as follows:

N LTE [dBm] = -114.0 + 10.lg(B [MHz] ) + NF [db]

which assumes N th [mW] =(1.38.10-20 mWs.T [K] / K) . B [Hz]

with T = 288K and takes the Bandwidth B from the Network Layer Settings (refer to section 4.1).

and

Message Logging

Log

{true;

If this box is checked, the log output to the Message window

Messages

false}

is also written to a text file (LogMessages.txt). This file is

to File

automatically stored in the user‟s Application Data\Actix\Radioplan directory. It can be easily accessed by clicking the Explore Log Folder… button.

If, upon starting Radioplan, the existing log file is larger than 2 MB, a new one is created and a copy of the previous one is

saved with a timestamp.

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Parameter

Unit /

Description

Value

Multithreading

 

Number of

{Auto; 1; 2; …}

In Auto mode, the computations are automatically distributed to all available processor cores.

Processors

 

If not all available processor cores shall be used, the number of them can be specified.

Please note:

In addition to the Radioplan general Plot Pixel Size, Radioplan ACP still defines the Calculation Pixel Size (refer to section 5.1.6).used, the number of them can be specified. Please note: The parameter Total Downlink Network Load

The parameter Total Downlink Network Load [%] applies only to the Best Ec/Io plot that is invoked using the menu entry View  Configuration Data Plots  Interference Ratio . It is not used for optimization View Configuration Data Plots Interference Ratio. It is not used for optimization calculations.

For more information on the Radioplan General Settings, e.g. on customization of the General Settings in the user workspace, please refer to [R-UG].

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4 Optimization Project Configuration

Radioplan ACP considers project-specific configuration data. These optimization settings are described in the following.

4.1 Network Layer

A Radioplan project consists of one or more Network Layers. A network layer is characterized by the parameters listed in Table 4-1.

Table 4-1 Network Layer parameters

Parameter

Unit / Value

Description

System

{CDMA; GSM; iDEN; UMTS; WiMAX; LTE}

The radio technology.

Frequency

An integer identifier for:

Band

- the carrier frequency (band) of a CDMA or UMTS system,

e.g. the UARFCN,

or

- frequency band of a GSM system.

HCS

A string identifier for the Hierarchical Cellular Structure (HCS) layer, i.e. a certain subset of cells within a system.

 

It can also be used to distinguish frequency bands by strings.

Priority

[0; 1; 2; …]

An integer identifier for the priority of a network layer.

 

Higher values represent higher priority.

It is used for the best serving cell decision in conjunction with the cell-specific Min. RxPower Threshold.

Bandwidth

[MHz]

For LTE network layers only:

> 0

The LTE system bandwidth.

The Network Layers dialog, Fig. 4-1, gives an overview of the network layers in the

project. It can be opened by clicking the Surface Plots toolbar.

It can be opened by clicking the Surface Plots toolbar. icon (tooltip Manage Network Layers )

icon (tooltip Manage Network Layers) from the

In that dialog as well as in the combo box right next to it, e.g. more network layers can be selected.

right next to it, e.g. more network layers can be selected. , one or All Network

, one or

All Network Layers that are selected the same System.

All Network Layers that are selected the same System. together must have For optimization, further configuration

together must have

For optimization, further configuration requirements may apply (see below).

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For the selected Network Layers, Radioplan core functions can be used for analysis, e.g. a

received power plot, which is created by clicking the icon and shows for UMTS layers the Best Pilot Power.

the icon and shows for UMTS layers the Best Pilot Power. (tooltip Plot Received Power )

(tooltip Plot Received Power)

layers the Best Pilot Power. (tooltip Plot Received Power ) Fig. 4-1 Example of the Network

Fig. 4-1 Example of the Network Layers dialog and the LTE-specific Network Layer Options

For the optimization, two sets of network layers can be distinguished:

The active Network Layers in the Network Layers dialog define the Target Layers for optimization . Target Layers for optimization.

Further Network Layers can be defined as Constraint Layers for optimization in the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5.2). Constraint Layers for optimization in the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5.2).

Usually, the network layers in the Radioplan project are the result from the planning data import process. Additionally, they can be created and modified in Radioplan.

For more information, please refer to [R-UG].

4.2 Areas

For each Radioplan project a Simulation Area (brown polygon(s)) and an Analysis Area (yellow polygon(s)) can be defined in the Areas folder Fig. 4-2.

polygon(s)) can be defined in the Areas folder Fig. 4-2. Fig. 4-2 Areas folder in the

Fig. 4-2 Areas folder in the Configuration tree tab

The areas are displayed in the main window as for example in Fig. 4-3.

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3.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 26 Fig. 4-3 Example Simulation Area ( brown polygon) and

Fig. 4-3 Example Simulation Area (brown polygon) and Analysis Area (yellow polygon)

The Area Settings dialog, Fig. 4-4, can be invoked by double-clicking an element in the Areas folder of the Configuration tab tree.

element in the Areas folder of the Configuration tab tree. Fig. 4-4 Area Settings dialog There

Fig. 4-4 Area Settings dialog

There are several ways to define areas in Radioplan:

Areas can be imported automatically together with the planning data imported from a planning tool.dialog There are several ways to define areas in Radioplan: Areas can be imported based on

Areas can be imported based on common vector data file formats by the entry Import … in the context menu of the Areas folder or of any existing area Importin the context menu of the Areas folder or of any existing area item in the Area folder.

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Areas can be drawn and modified using the corresponding paint mode, which is3.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 27 activated by clicking the Modify Simulation Area icon Area

activated by clicking the Modify Simulation Area icon

Area

activated by clicking the Modify Simulation Area icon Area icon from the Paint toolbar, respectively. or

icon from the Paint toolbar, respectively.

Area icon Area icon from the Paint toolbar, respectively. or the Modify Analysis Areas can be

or the Modify Analysis

Areas can be edited in the Area Settings dialog, which can be opened by double- clicking an existing area item in the Areas folder, e.g. Fig. 4-4.the Paint toolbar, respectively. or the Modify Analysis Each area may be composed of several subpolygons.

Each area may be composed of several subpolygons.

The Analysis Area must be completely inside the Simulation Area.

More than the 2 area definitions for Analysis Area and Simulation Area may be loaded into the Areas folder. Then, any area can be selected as the Analysis Area or Simulation Area by the entry Set as Analysis Area or Set as Simulation Area, respectively, in the context menu of that area item in the list.

For more information, please refer to [R-UG].

The Simulation Area and the Analysis Area may have a different impact in conjunction with the different Optimizers of Radioplan ACP, Table 4-2.

Table 4-2 Impact of the area definitions

Analysis Area

Simulation Area

General

Optimization

capabilities

Optimization

objective

Sets the focus for optimization.

Determines the reconfigurable cells (refer to section 5.1.11).

Only active site candidate groups inside are optimized.

Only removable sites inside may be removed.

Optionally, only the Analysis Area may be considered for optimization.

Shall be maximized.

(For the specific objectives of each optimization algorithm, please refer to the respective description in chapter 8.)

Is considered by the optimization, i.e. is the computation area.

Shall define a buffer zone, which includes sites with potential interdependencies with the sites inside the Analysis Area.

Shall never be reduced.

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Analysis Area

Simulation Area

Optimization

Scales with the number of evaluation steps resulting from the optimization capabilities and from the optimizer settings, i.e.:

- the number of site candidate groups,

Scales with the number of traffic- relevant pixels inside.

run-time

 

- the number of removable sites, and

- the number of reconfigurable cells and their reconfigurable parameters and reconfiguration ranges.

Optimization

Automatic visualization and reporting of coverage and other performance figures, e.g. in:

results

- Layer legend details,

- Optimization Progress Chart

- Optimization Summary Report.

4.3 Clutter Classes Settings

In order to define clutter-specific thresholds for coverage calculations, a pathloss offset as well as an Ec/Io or C/I offset can be defined for each clutter class in the Clutter Classes Settings dialog, Fig. 4-5. This dialog can be invoked by double-clicking the Clutter Classes element in the Configuration tab tree. These optimization parameters are defined in Table 4-3.

tab tree. These optimization parameters are defined in Table 4-3. Fig. 4-5 Clutter Classes Settings dialog

Fig. 4-5 Clutter Classes Settings dialog

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Table 4-3 Clutter-specific optimization parameters

Parameter

Unit /

Description

Value

Pathloss

dB

A clutter-specific pathloss offset, by which additional losses for users in special environments can be taken into account, e.g. for indoor and in-car users. Moreover, it may account for a fading margin.

It is added to the area-wide default target value for beacon signal received power of the respective system.

Offset [dB]

(Optimization)

For example. for UMTS and CDMA network layers it is added to the area-wide default Minimum Pilot RSCP in order to determine the Pilot RSCP Coverage; and for GSM network layers it is added to the area-wide default Minimum RxLev_DL in order to determine the RxLev_DL Coverage.

For the respective area-wide default value, please refer to section 5.1.

Ec/Io Offset

dB

A clutter-specific offset, by which different interference ratio requirements for a successful detection of the beacon signal and, consequently, for a successful network access can be defined.

[dB]

(Optimization)

or

C/I Offset

It is added to the area-wide default target value for beacon signal interference ratio of the respective system.

[dB]

(Optimization)

For example. for UMTS and CDMA network layers it is added to the area-wide default Minimum Pilot Ec/Io in order to determine the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage.

For the respective area-wide default value, please refer to section 5.1.

Then, based on the defined Clutter Matrix, these clutter-specific offsets are applied to the coverage calculations – as described for the respective (…) Coverage plots in section 6.2.

The clutter-specific thresholds that result from these offsets can be viewed using the corresponding (…) Coverage Threshold plots (refer also to section 6.2).

4.4 Antenna Settings

For supporting antenna type and electrical tilt optimization, the antenna settings given in Table 4-4 are specifically required.

Table 4-4 Antenna parameters specifically required for optimization

Optimization of:

Mandatory antenna parameters

Electrical tilt

Antenna Family, Electrical Tilt

Antenna type

Antenna Family, Electrical Tilt; Antenna Group

All optimization-relevant antenna parameters are described in Table 4-5.

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Usually the Antenna Families are automatically defined during the data import process from the planning tool to Radioplan.

All antenna configurations of a family are placed in a subfolder with the name of the respective Antenna Family. Moreover, all antennas without a defined Antenna Family are contained in the No Family subfolder of the Antennas folder in the Configuration tab tree, Fig. 4-6.

the Antennas folder in the Configuration tab tree, Fig. 4-6. Fig. 4-6 A „No Family‟ subfolder

Fig. 4-6 A „No Family‟ subfolder contains antennas without a defined Antenna Family

The antenna settings required for optimization can be configured in the Antenna Settings dialog, Fig. 4-7, which can be invoked by double-clicking the respective Antenna in the Configuration tab tree.

the respective Antenna in the Configuration tab tree. Fig. 4-7 Antenna Settings dialog The antenna settings

Fig. 4-7 Antenna Settings dialog

The antenna settings can also be configured for all antennas at once in the Antenna Settings Overview dialog, Fig. 4-8, which can be invoked by the entry Settings Overview… in the context menu of any Antenna or Antenna folder in the Configuration tab tree.

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3.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 31 Fig. 4-8 Antenna Settings Overview dialog If the Antenna

Fig. 4-8 Antenna Settings Overview dialog

If the Antenna Families in the Radioplan project are not defined, the button Update Antenna Families in the Antenna Overview Settings dialog, Fig. 4-8, can be used to instantly define the Antenna Families for all Antenna IDs that comply with the naming scheme:

<familyname>_<electrical-tilt-value-in-degree> <familyname>_T<electrical-tilt-value-in-degree> .

Likewise, given the same naming scheme, the Update Electrical Tilt from Antenna ID button allows to instantly update the Electrical Tilt parameter.

For example, the antenna name Sector_BW62_Var1_G17_2 results in the Antenna Family Sector_BW62_Var1_G17 and an Electrical Tilt of 2 degrees.

or

Table 4-5 Optimization-relevant antenna parameters

Parameter

Unit /

Description

Value

Antenna

string

Identifies all antennas that belong to the same family. An

Family

Antenna Family is a set of antenna configurations for the same antenna just with different electrical tilts.

During antenna tilt optimization the electrical tilt may be reconfigured by replacing the original antenna configuration with another configuration of the same family just with a different electrical tilt.

Electrical

degree

The electrical tilt inherent to the antenna diagram.

Tilt

Beamwidth

degree

The 3dB-beamwidth inherent to the antenna diagram.

Alternative

string

Identifies all antennas that belong to the same group. An Antenna Group is a set of antenna configurations for different antennas, e.g. different in their Beamwidth and Gain irrespective of their inherent electrical tilt.

Antenna

Group

A cell may refer to such an Alternative Antenna Group (refer also to section 4.6). Then, during antenna type optimization, the antenna type of that cell may be reconfigured by replacing its original antenna with antennas of that Alternative Antenna Group.

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4.5 Site Settings

Site-specific optimization capabilities and constraints can be defined in the Site Settings dialog, Fig. 4-9. It can be invoked by double-clicking the respective site in the Configuration tab tree or by the entry Settings… in the context menu of the respective site.

These optimization parameters are described in Table 4-6.

These optimization parameters are described in Table 4-6. Fig. 4-9 General tab of the Site Settings

Fig. 4-9 General tab of the Site Settings dialog

Alternatively, all sites can be configured at once in the Site Settings Overview dialog, Fig. 4-10, which can be invoked by the entry Settings Overview… in the context menu of any site in the Configuration tab tree.

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3.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 33 Fig. 4-10 Site Settings Overview dialog Table 4-6

Fig. 4-10 Site Settings Overview dialog

Table 4-6 Site-specific optimization parameters

Parameter

Unit /

Description

Value

Relevant for Capacity and Coverage optimization (also as a task of Site Selection) or for Site Integration or Overshooting Cells optimization

Is

{true;

Reconfigurable

false}

Lock Angle

{true;

between Cells

false}

during

Azimuth

Optimization

Visit Cost

Currency

unit,

e.g.

If disabled, the reconfiguration of any cell and parameter of this site is blocked.

Otherwise, the reconfiguration capabilities and constraints of the cells and of the optimization algorithm apply.

If enabled, the antenna azimuth of any cell at this site can only be changed for all cells together without changing the azimuth relations between the cells (antenna installation with coupled azimuths, e.g. turning the entire antenna mast).

For a site with cells of multiple network layers, this flag makes the azimuth a shared parameter across all those layers.

Otherwise, the antenna azimuth of the cells can be changed independently for each cell, as usual.

For Revenue Analysis only:

The cost of a site visit.

The currency unit depends on the Windows OS Regional and Language Options.

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Parameter

Unit /

Description

Value

Rollout Status

{Existent;

If “Consider Configured Rollout Status of Sites“ is enabled in the Cost Control settings (refer to section 5.2.7):

Planned for

Acquisition;

Not

RPI parameters as well as cost and effort limits are only applied to changes at the sites with Rollout Status “Existent”.

Existent}

Relevant for Site Selection

Is Removable

{true;

during Site

false}

Selection

Rollout Status

{Existent;

Planned for

Acquisition;

Not

Existent}

Site Candidate

{No Group;

Group

Group 01;

…;

Group 10}

Indicates this site as removable for the “Remove Redundant Sites” task of the Site Selection Optimizers, i.e. whether or not this site location is not necessarily required to be part of the optimized network setup.

However, if the site shall definitely remain in the optimized network setup e.g. because it is already in place in the live network, the flag must not be set.

This flag is only observed for sites located in the Analysis Area. Sites outside of the Analysis Area are generally considered not to be removable.

If “Consider Configured Rollout Status of Sites“ is enabled in the Cost Control settings (refer to section 5.2.7):

The “Rollout Status” is used as a priority for evaluation and as a criteria how to consider the cost of changes.

Defines for the “Site Candidate Groups” task of the Site Selection Optimizer to which of the 10 possible site candidate groups this site belongs to.

By definition, only one site from all candidates in each group will be required as a new fill site for additional coverage and capacity.

4.6 Cell Settings

The parameters that can be configured on a per cell basis include:

the Cell Active flagthat can be configured on a per cell basis include: in the Configuration tab tree, which

configured on a per cell basis include: the Cell Active flag in the Configuration tab tree,

in the Configuration tab tree, which is interpreted

as "the cell is existing in the network",

the Optimization Capabilities, i.e. what kind and extent of reconfiguration is feasible for each cell parameter – as defined in section 4.6.1, as defined in section 4.6.1,

the General Settings, i.e. mainly the parameters of the installed antenna – as defined in section 4.6.2, including the Transmitter (or Subcell) Active flag, which is as defined in section 4.6.2, including the Transmitter (or Subcell) Active flag, which is interpreted as “the transmitter is on, so that the cell is radiating power”,

the Resources Settings, i.e. the system-technology-specific power and further celltransmitter is on, so that the cell is radiating power”, resources parameters – as defined in

resources parameters as defined in section 4.6.3,

and

for UMTS cells, the HSDPA Settings – as defined in section 4.6.4, as defined in section 4.6.4,

and

for GSM and iDEN cells, the Transmitters Settings, which list the configured transmitters or radios – as defined in section 4.6.5. as defined in section 4.6.5.

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Generally, each active cell must have a pathloss matrix. Inactive Cells without pathloss matrix are ignored.

For more information on the Cell Settings than in the following sections, please refer to [R-UG].

4.6.1 Optimization Capabilities

The optimization capabilities, i.e. what kind and extent of reconfiguration is feasible for each cell parameter, may differ for each cell. Above all they arise from the installed equipment, but may also consider network planning and operation guidelines as well as regulatory requirements and costs of changes.

For example the following circumstances may restrict the optimization capabilities of a cell:

The mounting of the antenna equipment might only allow a certain mechanical tilt range.may restrict the optimization capabilities of a cell: The antenna model might only support a certain

The antenna model might only support a certain electrical tilt range.equipment might only allow a certain mechanical tilt range. The mounting of the antenna equipment and

The mounting of the antenna equipment and possibly obstacles on the roof might only allow a certain azimuth range.model might only support a certain electrical tilt range. The mounting of the antenna equipment might

The mounting of the antenna equipment might support remote electrical tilting (RET).on the roof might only allow a certain azimuth range. For regulatory reasons (e.g. near a

For regulatory reasons (e.g. near a hospital) the change of the antenna orientation, neither tilt nor azimuth, might not be allowed.equipment might support remote electrical tilting (RET). The budget for a network optimization campaign may only

The budget for a network optimization campaign may only allow a limited number of cell changes.orientation, neither tilt nor azimuth, might not be allowed. In contrast to that, the constraint whether

In contrast to that, the constraint whether the reconfiguration of a certain cell parameter shall be actually used for an optimization and to which extent, can still be defined at a later step of the optimization process in the respective Optimizer Settings according to the optimization objectives (refer to chapter 8).

Usually, these cell-specific reconfiguration capabilities should be contained in the planning database used for optimization so that it can be imported to Radioplan ACP. However, this data may not be available yet.

Therefore, cell-specific reconfiguration capabilities for optimization can be defined in the Cell Settings dialog, Fig. 4-11, with the parameters described in Table 4-7.

These reconfiguration capabilities include whether a certain cell parameter may be changed as well as the possible reconfiguration range or constraints:

The reconfiguration ranges for the antenna tilt, antenna azimuth, and the applicable power are defined by discrete reconfiguration steps with a given step size between a minimum and a maximum value.well as the possible reconfiguration range or constraints: The Shared flag can be applied as an

The Shared flag can be applied as an additional constraint in case of multi-band and multi-system antennas.a given step size between a minimum and a maximum value. The reconfiguration constraints for the

The reconfiguration constraints for the antenna type can be defined by up to 5 Antenna Groups.constraint in case of multi-band and multi-system antennas. For Revenue Analysis: The costs associated with implementing

For Revenue Analysis:the antenna type can be defined by up to 5 Antenna Groups. The costs associated with

The costs associated with implementing a certain type of change at the cell.

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The cell-specific costs are only considered for optimization if Use Cell/Site Individual Cost is selected in the Cost Control settings (refer to section 5.2.7).

The originally configured value should be included in the reconfiguration steps. If it is not included, it will be automatically added.

If it is not included, it will be automatically added. Fig. 4-11 Optimization tab of the

Fig. 4-11 Optimization tab of the Cell Settings dialog (example for a UMTS cell)

By clicking the Select Antenna Groups button in the Optimization tab of the Cell Settings dialog, Fig. 4-11, the Antenna Groups dialog is opened, Fig. 4-12. Here, the Antenna Groups, which must have been defined before in the Antenna Settings (refer to section 4.4), are available for selection.

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3.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 37 Fig. 4-12 Antenna Groups dialog Table 4-7 Cell-specific

Fig. 4-12 Antenna Groups dialog

Table 4-7 Cell-specific optimization parameters

Parameter

Unit /

Description

Value

Reconfigurable …

{true;

Indicates whether the respective cell parameter can be reconfigured at all.

-

Mechanical

false}

Tilt

For more information on electrical tilt optimization within the Antenna Family, please refer to section 5.1.

 

(THETA)

-

Electrical Tilt

(within

The reconfigurable power parameter depends on the System:

- UMTS, CDMA, WiMAX: Pilot Power

Antenna

 

-

Family)

Azimuth

(PHI)

- GSM, iDEN: Output Power

-

Power

Please make sure to disable e.g. a Reconfigurable Mechanical Tilt for omnidirectional cells.

-

Antenna Type

Remote Electrical Tilt (RET) Installed

{true;

Indicates whether the electrical tilt can be changed remotely.

false}

 

Since this option makes electrical tilt changes cheaper it can be associated with a specific Required Performance Improvement value for optimization (refer to section 8.1.3).

Min

Absolute lower and upper limit for the respective cell parameter defining the possible range of:

Max

 

degree

- Mechanical Tilt (THETA)

 

- Electrical Tilt

- Azimuth (PHI)

 

dBm

- Power

 

For tilt and power, Min must be smaller than Max. For azimuth, Min = Max declares the full circle as allowed range including the step across 360°  

0°.

Step Size

 

Step size for the reconfiguration of:

degree

- both electrical and mechanical antenna tilt

 

- antenna azimuth

 

dB

- power

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Parameter

Unit /

Description

Value

Shared

{true;

Indicates whether the respective cell parameter can only be reconfigured together for all cells that share this antenna.

-

Mechanical

false}

Tilt

 

(THETA)

For example, a multi-band or multi-system antenna may transmit signals of multiple technologies and on multiple frequency bands. Thereby, the azimuth and mechanical tilt could be shared for all signals, whereas the electrical tilt could be reconfigurable for each signal independently.

Please make sure to set the Shared flag at the respective antenna parameters of all cells that share the antenna.

-

Electrical Tilt

-

Azimuth

(PHI)

Refer to section 4.6.1.1 for further information.

Antenna Groups

{all

Identifies up to 5 groups of antennas that may replace the installed antenna as a result from antenna type optimization.

Alternative

Antenna

Groups

If the defined “groups” contain only a single antenna each, this option can also be used to specify 5 individual alternative antennas.

defined in

the

Antenna

Settings}

 

Costs

Currency

For Revenue Analysis only:

-

Mechanical

unit,

The cost associated with the implementation of an optimization change for the respective cell parameter.

Tilt

e.g.

-

Electrical Tilt

-

Remote El.

The currency unit depends on the Windows OS Regional and Language Options.

Tilt

-

Azimuth

(PHI)

-

Power

-

Antenna Type

Maximum Users per Cell

The target number of users for this cell (irrespective of their service).

Alternatively, all cells can be configured at once in the Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog, Fig. 4-13, which can be opened by the entry Optimization Settings Overview… in the context menu of any cell in the Configuration tab tree.

The overview dialog contains all cells that belong to the same System like the cell, which it was opened from.

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3.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 39 Fig. 4-13 Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog

Fig. 4-13 Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog (example for UMTS network layers)

In contrast to that, a technology-independent Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog, Fig. 4-14, can be opened by the entry File Current Project Cell Optimization Settings in the main menu.

Project  Cell Optimization Settings in the main menu. Fig. 4-14 Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog

Fig. 4-14 Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog (example for ALL network layers)

The grey columns in the overview tables are read-only parameters, which are defined in other tables such as the Cell Settings Overview.

4.6.1.1 Conditions for Shared Antenna Parameters

The following conditions apply to the recognition of antennas with shared parameters.

The cells with a shared antenna must be at the same site in the Radioplan project.apply to the recognition of antennas with shared parameters. The cells must have the same {X;

The cells must have the same {X; Y; Z} position.antenna must be at the same site in the Radioplan project. Howe ver, in case of

However, in case of inaccuracies of the cells‟ coordinates in the imported planning data, a snap radius for each the X-Y Offsets and the Height over Ground can be defined in the configuration file (refer to SharedAntennaPositionThresholdXY and SharedAntennaPositionThresholdZ in section 9.2).

At all respective cells, the shared parameter must:and SharedAntennaPositionThresholdZ in section 9.2). ▫ have the same current value ▫ be reconfigurable ▫

have the same current value

be reconfigurable

be shared, of course.

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If cells and antenna parameters are configured to be shared, but do not meet the aforementioned conditions, then a warning message in the Message window indicates the respective cell and parameter and shared settings are ignored during the optimization.

4.6.2 General Settings

For all cells of any network layer, a number of general parameters are considered by Radioplan ACP. They are highlighted in Fig. 4-15.

The Network Layer parameter can be used as a filter for a group of cells to be optimized together refer also to section 4.1.

The highlighted General Settings include the parameters of the current antenna installation, which are to be optimized.

They are also the basis for all propagation calculations, e.g. like for the Pilot Received Power as described in section 6.2.1.

for the Pilot Received Power as described in section 6.2.1. Fig. 4-15 General tab of the

Fig. 4-15 General tab of the Cell Settings dialog (for a CDMA, UMTS, or WiMAX cell)

The Transmitter (or Subcell) Activated flag is interpreted as “the transmitter is on air”, whereas the Cell Active flag in the Configuration tab tree is interpreted as "the cell is existing in the network". This distinction can be used for the configuration of repeaters and additional antennas.

The Transmitter Activated flag is only for CDMA, UMTS, and WiMAX cells a parameter in the General Settings tab.for the configuration of repeaters and additional antennas. For GSM and iDEN cells, the Transmitter Activated

For GSM and iDEN cells, the Transmitter Activated flag is defined in the Transmitters Settings (refer to section 4.6.5).Transmitter Activated flag is only for CDMA, UMTS, and WiMAX cells a parameter in the General

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4.6.3 Resources Settings

The Resources Settings considered by Radioplan ACP depend on the network layer of the cell. The relevant parameters for UMTS, CDMA, GSM, iDEN, or WiMAX cells are highlighted in Fig. 4-16, Fig. 4-17, Fig. 4-18, Fig. 4-19, and Fig. 4-20, respectively, and defined in Table 4-8.

For UMTS, CDMA, or WiMAX cells, the PCPICH Power, FPICH Power, or Pilot Power, respectively, is the basis for the calculation of the Pilot Received Power as described in section 6.2.1.

Moreover, all highlighted power parameters of UMTS, CDMA, or WiMAX cells are considered for interference calculations as described in sections 6.2.4, 6.2.5, and 6.2.6 as well as for the interpretation of the Network Load parameter as described in section 5.1.5.

The Output Power of a GSM or iDEN cell is the basis for the calculation of the RxLev_DL as described in section 6.2.2 as well as for interference calculations as described in section 6.2.8.

calculations – as described in section 6.2.8. Fig. 4-16 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog

Fig. 4-16 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a UMTS cell

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3.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 42 Fig. 4-17 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog

Fig. 4-17 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a CDMA cell

Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a CDMA cell Fig. 4-18 Resources tab of

Fig. 4-18 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a GSM cell

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3.13 User Guide Optimization Project Configuration 43 Fig. 4-19 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog

Fig. 4-19 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for an iDEN cell

Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for an iDEN cell Fig. 4-20 Resources tab of

Fig. 4-20 Resources tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a WiMAX or LTE cell

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Table 4-8 Resources parameters for cells of different network layers

Parameter

Symbol

Unit /

Description

 

Value

UMTS

Maximum

Ptotal,max

dBm

The cell‟s maximum output power .

Power

PCPICH Power

PPCPICH

dBm

The cell‟s pilot transmit power.

PCCPCH / SCH Power Offset

P PCCPCH

PPCCPCH

dB-

The cell‟s PCCPCH output power defined as offset in relation to the PCPICH Power.

PCPICH

First SCCPCH

P FirstSCCPC H

PFirstSCCPC H

dBm

The output power of the cell‟s first SCCPCH defined as offset in relation to the PCPICH Power.

Power Offset

 

First SCCPCH

AFFirstSCCPC H

dBm

The activity factor of the cell‟s first SCCPCH.

Activity

AICH Power

P AICH

PAICH

dBm

The cell‟s AICH output power defined as offset in relation to the PCPICH Power.

AICH Activity

AFAICH

dBm

The cell‟s AICH activity factor.

PICH Power

P PICH

PPICH

dBm

The cell‟s PICH output power defined as offset in relation to the PCPICH Power.

PICH Activity

AFPICH

dBm

The cell‟s PICH activity factor.

CDMA

Maximum

Ptotal,max

dBm

The cell‟s maximum output power .

Power

FPICH Power

PFPICH

dBm

The cell‟s pilot transmit power.

Other CCH

P otherCCH

PotherCCH

dBm

The cell‟s output power for DL common channels other than the FPICH defined as offset in relation to the FPICH Power.

Power

Offset

GSM or iDEN

 

Output Power

Ptotal,max

dBm

The cell‟s output power on the BCCH carrier.

Min. RxPower

Pr,min,

dBm

The minimum DL received power required at a pixel to serve a pixel and the corresponding traffic by this cell.

Threshold

default:

 

-130 dBm

WiMAX or LTE

 

Pilot Power

PPilot,max

dBm

The cell‟s output power for the pilot signal.

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4.6.4 HSDPA Settings (UMTS only)

The HSDPA can be configured on a per cell basis with the parameters defined in Table 4-9.

The HSDPA parameters considered by Radioplan ACP are shown in Fig. 4-21.

considered by Radioplan ACP are shown in Fig. 4-21. Fig. 4-21 HSDPA tab of the Cell

Fig. 4-21 HSDPA tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a UMTS cell

Table 4-9 HSDPA parameters for UMTS cells

Parameter

Symbol

Unit /

Description

 

Value

Activate

{true;

Activates the HSDPA in this cell.

HSDPA

false}

For the consideration of the HSDPA settings in the optimization, HSDPA must still be enabled in the Analysis Settings (refer to section 5.1.13).

Power Mode

{PCPICH

Choice of the HSDPA power mode:

 

Offset;

- PCPICH Offset: The HSDPA has a fixed power defined by the PCPICH Offset.

Residue}

- Residue: The HSDPA is dynamically allocated with the power not used for DCH connections.

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Parameter

Symbol

Unit /

Description

 

Value

PCPICH

P HS PDSCH

PHS PDSCH

dB-

For PCPICH Offset power mode only:

Offset

PCPICH

HSDPA power in relation to the PCPICH power.

Power

Margin

Number of

P tmargin , H S P D S C H n HS S C C

Ptmargin , HS PDSCH

P tmargin , H S P D S C H n HS S C C H

nHS SCCH

P tmargin , H S P D S C H n HS S C C H

dB

For Residue power mode only:

The maximum cell power including the HSDPA power is set to this Power Margin below the Maximum Power of the respective cell.

The number of available HS-SCCHs.

HS-SCCH

HS-SCCH

P HS SCCH

PHS SCCH

dB-

The HS-SCCH power defined as an offset in relation to the PCPICH power.

Resources:

PCPICH

PCPICH

Power

Offset

Depending on the HSDPA power mode, the cell‟s maximum HSDPA power is calculated as follows:

If PCPICH Offset is selected as HSDPA Power Mode:

follows: If PCPICH Offset is selected as HSDPA Power Mode: The maximum HSDPA power is fixed

The maximum HSDPA power is fixed and defined by the PCPICH Offset

[dB-PCPICH] as defined in the Table 6-9.

PHS P D S C H HS PDSCH

Then, assuming that the HSDPA is fully loaded, the HS-PDSCH power can be calculated as:

P HS

fully loaded, the HS-PDSCH power can be calculated as: P HS PDSCH,max PCPICH mW 10 P

PDSCH,max

PCPICHthe HS-PDSCH power can be calculated as: P HS PDSCH,max mW 10 P HS PDSCH 10

mW 10 P HS
mW
10
P
HS

PDSCH

10
10
calculated as: P HS PDSCH,max PCPICH mW 10 P HS PDSCH 10 dB P HS P

dB

PHS P D S C H [dB-PCPICH] is the (HSDPA) PCPICH Offset configured for the HS PDSCH [dB-PCPICH] is the (HSDPA) PCPICH Offset configured for the cell.

is the (HSDPA) PCPICH Offset configured for the cell. Otherwise, if Residue is selected as HSDPA

Otherwise, if Residue is selected as HSDPA Power Mode:

The maximum HSDPA power depends on the DCH load, because it is allocated on top of the power allocated for DCH transmissions.

The total power allocated to all common channels (except HS-PDSCH) and to all DCHs can be calculated as:

Ptotal ,withDCH ,allocated

mW
mW

PPCPICH

PotherCCH , allocated otherCCH ,allocated

mW
mW

PDCH ,total

mW
mW
mW P PCPICH P otherCCH , allocated mW P DCH , total mW P otherCCH ,
mW P PCPICH P otherCCH , allocated mW P DCH , total mW P otherCCH ,

PotherCCH ,used mW is the total power of all DL common control channels other than the

PCPICH (i.e. PCCPCH, SCCPCH, AICH, PICH, and HS-SCCH) with the contributions as defined in the Table 4-8 and Table 4-9 as well as with the HSDPA activity factor as defined in section 5.1.13.

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P

otherCCH used

,

P mW 10
P
mW
10

PCPICH

dBm P
dBm
P

PCCPCH

47 P otherCCH used , P mW 10 PCPICH dBm P PCCPCH dB 10 P dBm

dB

10
10
P dBm P dB PCPICH FirstSCCPCH 10 10 dBm P dB P PCPICH AICH 10
P
dBm
P
dB
PCPICH
FirstSCCPCH
10
10
dBm
P
dB
P PCPICH
AICH
10
10
dBm
P
dB
P PCPICH
PICH
10
10
P
dBm
P
dB
PCPICH
HS
SCCH
10
n
10
HS
SCCH

AF10 10 P dBm P dB PCPICH HS SCCH 10 n 10 HS SCCH FirstSCCPC H

FirstSCCPC H

AFP dB PCPICH HS SCCH 10 n 10 HS SCCH AF FirstSCCPC H AICH AF PICH

AICH

AFHS SCCH 10 n 10 HS SCCH AF FirstSCCPC H AF AICH PICH AF HSDPA P

PICH

AFSCCH 10 n 10 HS SCCH AF FirstSCCPC H AF AICH AF PICH HSDPA P otherCCH

HSDPA

P

otherCCH allocated

,

: P
:
P

otherCCH used

,

AF *

1
1

The total power PDCH ,total mW allocated to all DCH transmissions is estimated based on

the Relative Load per Cell (as defined in section 6.2.29) as well from the configured DCH Network Load (as defined in section 5.1.5) and the Maximum Output Power of the highest loaded cell.

Then, the maximum power including HSDPA load is either the cell‟s Maximum Power Ptotal,max reduced by the Residue Mode Power Margin Pmargin,HS PDSCH [dB] or still the

Margin P margin , HS P D S C H [dB] or still the power allocated
Margin P margin , HS P D S C H [dB] or still the power allocated
Margin P margin , HS P D S C H [dB] or still the power allocated

power allocated to all common channels (except HS-PDSCH) and to all DCHs, whichever term is higher:

P

dBm PDSCH max , dBm P margin,HS
dBm
PDSCH max
,
dBm
P
margin,HS

total,with DCHAndHS

P
P

total,max

PDSCH

dB
dB

, P

total,with DCH allocated

,

dBm
dBm

Moreover, if the left term is smaller than the right term, the maximum available HSDPA power PHS PDSCH,max can be calculated as:

P HS P D S C H , m a x can be calculated as: P

P

HS

HS P D S C H , m a x can be calculated as: P HS

PDSCH,max

mW 10 P
mW
10
P

total,max

dBm P margin,HS PDSCH
dBm
P
margin,HS PDSCH

total withDCH allocatedP HS PDSCH,max mW 10 P total,max dBm P margin,HS PDSCH , , mW Which portion

,

,

mW
mW

Which portion of the maximum HSDPA power is actually used can still be defined by the HSDPA Activity Factor as defined in section 5.1.13:

PHS PDSCH ,used

– as defined in section 5.1.13: P HS PDSCH , used mW AF HSDPA P HS
mW
mW

AFHSDPA

PHS PDSCH,max HS PDSCH,max

mW
mW

The HSDPA power is considered in the calculation of the RSSI and dependent measures such as the Pilot Ec/Io and the CQI (refer to sections 6.2.4, 6.2.5, and 6.2.32, respectively).

Moreover, by its consideration in the Network Load (refer to section 5.1.5), the HSDPA power affects the optimization result.

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4.6.5 Transmitters Settings (GSM and iDEN only)

The transmitters and their frequency plan parameters considered by Radioplan ACP can be configured on a per cell basis with the parameters shown in Fig. 4-22 and defined in Table 4-10.

the parameters shown in Fig. 4-22 and defined in Table 4-10. Fig. 4-22 Transmitters tab of

Fig. 4-22 Transmitters tab of the Cell Settings dialog for a GSM cell

The channel numbers are considered by the interference calculation as described in section 6.2.8.

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