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Child labor refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dan gerous and harmful to children; and

interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematu rely; or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. The International Labor Organization, or the ILO, defines child labor as some typ es of work done by children under the age of 18. The ILO also says that child lab or includes full-time work done by children under 15 years of age that prevents them from going to school (getting an education), or that is dangerous to their health. Many definitions of child labor have been quoted by different sources and organi zations. Few are of the opinion that child labor is only hazardous work or work that interferes with child s education, while others are of broader view and inclu de any work done by children working for pay. Most of the times, child labor consists of children working in horrible conditio ns, devoid of their schooling and losing their childhood doing nothing productiv e for their future. While child labor can consist of children working at dangero us workplaces, it is by no means is restricted to this type of labor. There are many other cases where children work in jobs that are NOT hazardous and do not i nterfere with their education. These jobs allow them to get a sense of responsib ility and an opportunity to earn money. Examples of this can be seen many times in our surroundings where children work at restaurants. In extreme forms, child labour involves enslavement of children, separation from their families, exposure to serious hazards and illnesses .Children are left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities often at a very early age. I t is difficult to answer whether or not particular forms of work can be called chil d labour . Child Labor depends on the child s age, the type and hours of work perfor med, the conditions under which it is performed and the objectives pursued by in dividual countries. The answer varies from country to country, as well as among sectors within countries. An estimated 158 million children aged 5-14 are engaged in child labour - one in six children in the world. Millions of children are engaged in hazardous situat ions or conditions, such as working in mines, working with chemicals and pestici des in agriculture or working with dangerous machinery. They are everywhere but invisible, toiling as domestic servants in homes, laboring behind the walls of w orkshops, hidden from view in plantations. Children living in the poorest households and in rural areas are most likely to be engaged in child labour. Those burdened with household chores are overwhelmin gly girls. Millions of girls who work as domestic servants are especially vulner able to exploitation and abuse. However not all work done by children should be classified as child labour that is to be targeted for elimination. Children s or adolescents participation in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with the ir aing, is generally regarded as being something positive.