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Kanpur Institute of Technology B.

Tech -2nd EC LASER SYSTEM AND APPLICATIONS (E0E-033)

Question Bank Unit-1&2


Q.1What are shortcomings of classical physics? Discuss briefly the origin of quantum theory. Q.2 Discuss and derive Plancks radiation formula. Q.3 What is photoelectric effect? Give Einsteins theory to explain it. Q.4 what is Compton effect? Drive expression for Compton shift. Q.5 Explain the explanation of hydrogen spectrum by Bhors theory. Q.6 What are de-Broglie wave? Show that the de-Broglie wavelength of a particle of momentum p is (h/p). Q.7 What is de-Broglie wave? Describe the Davisson and Germer experiment to prove that material particles posses wave characteristics. Q.8 What is a wave function? Discuss the importance of wave function in quantum mechanics. Q.9 Derive the formula for the de-Broglie wavelength of a particle in terms of kinetic energy and its rest energy m0c2. Q.10 Distinguish between the phase velocity and group velocity. Show that for a non-relativistic free particle the phase velocity is the group velocity. Q.11 Explain Heisenbergs uncertainty principle and discuss its importance. Q.12 Derive Heisenbergs uncertainty principle, q p /2 and illustrate it by an example. Q.13 Use uncertainty relation to find out the energy levels of a simple harmonic oscillator. Q.14 Discuss the biological hazards of a laser beam. What type of protection from such hazards can be taken? Q.15 Derive Schrodingers (i) time- independent and (ii) time-dependent equation for matter waves. Give a physical interpretation of the wave function. Q.16 Derive time dependent Schrdinger equation and discuss the concept of stationary states and wave packet. Q.17 Give the formulation of time independent and Schrodinger wave function. Discuss the interpretation of position probability density and normalization of wave function. Q.18 Find the expectation value of the following: Position vector, potential energy, Total energy and momentum. Q.19Write down Schrdingers wave equation for a particle in a box. Solve it to obtain eigen function and show that the eigen values are discrete. Q.20 Explain the terms absorption, spontaneous emission and stimulated emission of radiation. Obtain a relation between transition probabilities of spontaneous and stimulated emissions. Q.21What do you mean by population inversion? How is it achieved in practice? Q.22 What are the important features of stimulated emission? Discuss the essential requirements of producing a laser beam. Q.23 Explain the terms; spontaneous and stimulated emission, population inversion and optical pumping.

Q.24 What is pumping? How can it help in achieving population inversion? Differentiate between optical pumping and electrical pumping scheme. Q.25 What do you mean by coefficient of gain? Find an expression for it. Q.26 What is temporal and spatial coherence? Q.27 Calculate the energy difference between the ground state and the first excited state for an electron in a one dimension rigid box of length 10-10 m (mass of electron =9.1 x 10-31 kg and h = 6.62 x 10-34 J-s) Q.28 Find the energy of an electron moving in one dimension in an infinitely high potential box of width 1.(Mass of electron = 9.11x10-31 kg and h = 6.63x10-34 J-s.) Q.29 An electro has a speed 4 x 105 m/s within the accuracy of 0.01%. Calculate the uncertainty in the position of the electron. Give h = 6.625 x 10-34 J-s. Mass of electron = 9.11 x 10-31 kg. Q.30 The average life time of hydrogen in excited state is 2.5 x 10-14 s, Calculate the uncertainty in the measurement of energy in this state. Q.31 (a) find the de-broglie wavelength in angstroms for an electron of energy V electron volts. (b) Calculate the wavelength associated with an electron subjected to a potential difference of 1.25kV. Q.32 In Compton scattering the angle of scattering of the photon and the change in wavelength () are related by = (1 - cos ) If the incident photon has wavelength 2.0 x 10-10 m and = 900, deduce (i) The wavelength of the scattered photon (ii) The energy of the recoil electron and (iii) The angle at which the recoil electron appears. Q.33 The energy required to remove an electron from sodium is 2.3 eV. Does sodium show a photoelectric effect for orange light with = 6800?
By: Dr Rajendra Kumar Associate Professor AS&H