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* Sign Up </login> * * Log In </login> 1 First Page Previous Page Next Page / 117 Sections SectionsSection 1 of 3 * EMD Ip. 45 <http://www.scribd.com/doc/33369999/1/EMD-%E2%80%93-I> * EMD IIp. 78 <http://www.scribd.com/doc/33369999/2/EMD-%E2%80%93-II>

Zoom Out Zoom In Fullscreen Exit Fullscreen Select View Mode View Mode SlideshowScroll Readcast Add a Comment Embed & Share <#> Reading should be social! Post a message on your social networks to let others know what you're reading. Select the sites below and start sharing. Readcast this DocumentTransparent <#> <#> Login </login> to Add a Comment <#> Share & Embed <http://www.facebook.com/sharer.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.scribd.com%2Fdoc%2F333699 99%2FSummer-Training-Project-report-on-NTPC-BY-Prateek-Jain-VIT-University%23sou rce%3Afacebook><http://twitter.com/home?source=scribd.com&status=Reading%20%22Su mmer%20Training%20Project%20report%20on%20NTPC%20BY%20Prateek%20Jain-%20V...%22% 20on%20Scribd%20http%3A%2F%2Fwww.scribd.com%2Fdoc%2F33369999%20%23Readcast><http ://www.google.com/buzz/post?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.scribd.com%2Fdoc%2F33369999%2FS ummer-Training-Project-report-on-NTPC-BY-Prateek-Jain-VIT-University&message=> <#> Add to Collections Download this Document for Free Auto-hide: on <#> SUMMER TRAINING REPORT 31 st June to 25 th July Submitted By:Prateek JainB.Tech 2 nd yearVIT University This is to certify that PRATEEK JAIN(08BEE110) , student of 2008-2012Batch of Electrical & Electronics Branch in 2 nd

Year of Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore has successfully completed his industrial training at Badarpur Thermal Power Station- NTPC, New Delhi for four weeks from31 st May to 26 th June 2010. He has completed the whole training as per thetraining report submitted by him. Training In-chargeBadarpur Thermal Power Station NTPC, Badarpur New Delhi. Table of Contents 1.Acknowledgement2.About the Company3.Thermal Power Plant Introduction Operation Functioning4.Electricity Generation Process5. EMD-I6. EMD-II7. Control & Instrumentation Acknowledgement With profound respect and gratitude, I take the opportunity to convey my thanks tocomplete the training here. I express gratitude to the Program Manager and other faculty members of Electrical & Electronics Engineering Department of SELECTof Vellore Institute of Technology for providing this opportunity to undergoindustrial training at National Thermal Power Corporation, Badarpur, New Delhi.I do extend my heartfelt thanks to Ms. Rachna Singh Bhal for providing me thisopportunity to be a part of this esteemed organization.I am extremely grateful to Mr. G.D.Sharma , Superintendent of Im-Plant Trainingat BTPS-NTPC, Badarpur for his guidance during whole training.I am extremely grateful to all the technical staff of BTPS-NTPC for their co-operation and guidance that helped me a lot during the course of training. I havelearnt a lot working under them and I will always be indebted of them for thisvalue addition in me.Finally, I am indebted to all whosoever have contributed in this report work andfriendly stay at Badarpur Thermal Power Station, Badarpur, New Delhi. ABOUT THE COMPANY CORPORATE VISION A world class integrated power major, powering India's growth with increasingglobal presence. CORE VALUES: BCOMIT B- Business ethicsC- Customer focusO- Organizational & professional prideM- Mutual respect & trustI- Innovation & speedT- Total quality for excellence NTPC Limited is the largest thermal power generating company of India, PublicSector Company. It was incorporated in the year 1975 to accelerate power development in the country as a wholly owned company of the Government of India. At present, Government of India holds 89.5% of the total equity shares of the company and the balance 10.5% is held by FIIs, Domestic Banks, Public andothers. Within a span of 31 years, NTPC has emerged as a truly national power company, with power generating facilities in all the major regions of the country.

NTPC's core business is engineering, construction and operation of power generating plants and providing consultancy to power utilities in India and abroad.The total installed capacity of the company is 31134 MW (including JVs) with 15coal based and 7 gas based stations, located across the country. In addition under JVs, 3 stations are coal based & another station uses naphtha/LNG as fuel. By2017, the power generation portfolio is expected to have a diversified fuel mixwith coal based capacity of around 53000 MW, 10000 MW through gas, 9000 MWthrough Hydro generation, about 2000 MW from nuclear sources and around 1000MW from Renewable Energy Sources (RES). NTPC has adopted a multi-prongedgrowth strategy which includes capacity addition through green field projects,expansion of existing stations, joint ventures, subsidiaries and takeover of stations. NTPC has been operating its plants at high efficiency levels. Although thecompany has 18.79% of the total national capacity it contributes 28.60% of total power generation due to its focus on high efficiency. NTPCs share at 31 Mar 2001of the total installed capacity of the country was 24.51% and it generated 29.68%of the power of the country in 2008-09. Every fourth home in India is lit by NTPC.170.88BU of electricity was produced by its stations in the financial year 2005-2006. The Net Profit after Tax on March 31, 2006 was INR 58,202 million. NetProfit after Tax for the quarter ended June 30, 2006 was INR 15528 million, whichis 18.65% more than for the same quarter in the previous financial year. 2005).Pursuant to a special resolution passed by the Shareholders at the CompanysAnnual General Meeting on September 23, 2005 and the approval of the CentralGovernment under section 21 of the Companies Act, 1956, the name of theCompany "National Thermal Power Corporation Limited" has been changed to"NTPC Limited" with effect from October 28, 2005. The primary reason for this isthe company s foray into hydro and nuclear based power generation along with backward integration by coal mining. A graphical overview NTPC Limited Type <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Types_of_business_entity> Public <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_company> Founded 1975 Headquarters Delhi <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delhi>,India <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India> Key people R S Sharma, Chairman & Managing Directo Industry <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industry> Electricity generation <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_generation> Products <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Product_(business)> Electricity Revenue <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revenue> INR <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rs.>416.37 billion (2008) Net income <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_income> INR <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rs.>70.47 billion (2008) Employees <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Employment> 23867 (2006) Website <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Website> http://www.ntpc.co.in <http://www.ntpc.co.in/> VISION <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Types_of_business_entity> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_company> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delhi>

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industry> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_generation> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Product_(business)> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revenue> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rs.> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_income> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rs.> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Employment> <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Website> <http://www.ntpc.co.in/> A world class integrated power major, powering India sgrowth with increasing global presence. MISSION Develop and provide reliable power related products and services atcompetitive prices, integrating multiple energy resources withinnovative & Eco-friendly technologies and contribution to the society. STRATEGIES Technological Initiatives Introduction of steam generators (boilers) of the size of 800 MW Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Technology Launch of Energy Technology Centre -A new initiative for development of technologies with focus on fundamental R&D The company sets aside up to 0.5% of the profits for R&D Roadmap developed for adopting Clean Development Mechanism to help get / earn Certified Emission Reduction Corporate Social Responsibility As a responsible corporate citizen NTPC has taken up number of CSR initiatives NTPC Foundation formed to address Social issues at national level NTPC has framed Corporate Social Responsibility Guidelines committingup to 0.5% of net profit annually for Community Welfare The welfare of project affected persons and the local population around NTPC projects are taken care of through well drawn Rehabilitation andResettlement policies The company has also taken up distributed generation for remote rural areas Partnering government in various initiatives Consultant role to modernize and improvise several plants across the country Disseminate technologies to other players in the sector Consultant role Partnership in Excellence Programme for improvement of PLF of 15 Power Stations of SEBs. Rural Electrification work under Rajiv Gandhi Garmin Vidyutikaran

Environment Management All stations of NTPC are ISO 14001 certified Various groups to care of environmental issues The Environment Management Group Ash Utilization Division Afforestation Group Centre for Power Efficiency & Environment Protection Group on Clean Development Mechanism NTPC is the second largest owner of trees in the country after the Forestdepartment. JOURNEY OF NTPC NTPC was set up in 1975 with 100% ownership by theGovernment of India. In the last 30 years, NTPC has growninto the largest power utility in India.In 1997, Government of India granted NTPC status of Navratna being one of the nine jewels of India, enhancingthe powers to the Board of Directors. NTPC became a listed company with majority Governmentownership of 89.5%. NTPC becomes third largest by Market Capitalization of listed companiesThe company rechristened as NTPC Limited in line with itschanging business portfolio and transforms itself from athermal power utility to an integrated power utility. National Thermal Power Corporation is the largest power generation company in India. Forbes Global 2000 for 2008ranked it 411th in the world. 19751997200520042008 National Thermal Power Corporation is the largest power generation company in India. Forbes Global 2000 for 2008ranked it 317th in the world. NTPC has also set up a plan to achieve a target of 50,000MW generation capacity. NTPC has embarked on plans to become a 75,000 MWcompany by 2017. NTPC is the largest power utility in India, accounting for about 20% of Indiasinstalled capacity. 200920172012 THEMAL POWER PLANT Introduction Classification Functioning INTRODUCTION Power Station (also referred to as generating station or power plant) is an industrialfacility for the generation of electric power. Power plant is also used to refer to theengine in ships, aircraft and other large vehicles. Some prefer to use the termenergy center because it more accurately describes what the plants do, which is theconversion of other forms of energy, like chemical energy, gravitational potentialenergy or heat energy into electrical energy. However, power plant is the mostcommon term in the U.S., while elsewhere power station and power plant are bothwidely used, power station prevailing in many Commonwealth

countries andespecially in the United Kingdom. A coal-fired Thermal Power Plant At the center of nearly all power stations is a generator, a rotating machine thatconverts Mechanical energy into Electrical energy by creating relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor. The energy source harnessed to turn thegenerator varies widely. It depends chiefly on what fuels are easily available andthe types of technology that the power company has access to.In thermal power stations, mechanical power is produced by a heat engine, whichtransforms Thermal energy (often from combustion of a fuel) into rotationalenergy. Most thermal power stations produce steam, and these are sometimescalled steam power stations. About 80% of all electric power is generated by use of steam turbines. Not all thermal energy can be transformed to mechanical power,according to the second law of thermodynamics. Therefore, there is always heatlost to the environment. If this loss is employed as useful heat, for industrial processes or district heating, the power plant is referred to as a cogeneration power plant or CHP (combined heat-and-power) plant. In countries where district heatingis common, there are dedicated heat plants called heat-only boiler stations. Animportant class of power stations in the Middle East uses by-product heat for desalination of water. CLASSIFICATION By fuel Nuclear power plants use a nuclear reactor s heat to operate a steam turbinegenerator. Fossil fuelled power plants may also use a steam turbine generator or in the caseof natural gas fired plants may use a combustion turbine. Geothermal power plants use steam extracted from hot underground rocks. Renewable energy plants may be fuelled by waste from sugar cane, municipalsolid waste, landfill methane, or other forms of biomass. In integrated steel mills, blast furnace exhaust gas is a low-cost, although low-energy density, fuel. Waste heat from industrial processes is occasionally concentrated enough to usefor power generation, usually in a steam boiler and turbine. By prime mover Steam turbine plants use the dynamic pressure generated by expanding steam toturn the blades of a turbine. Almost all large non-hydro plants use this system. Gas turbine plants use the dynamic pressure from flowing gases to directlyoperate the turbine. Natural-gas fuelled turbine plants can start rapidly and so areused to supply "peak" energy during periods of high demand, though at higher costthan base-loaded plants. These may be comparatively small units, and sometimescompletely unmanned, being remotely operated. This type was pioneered by theUK, Prince town being the world s first, commissioned in 1959. Combined cycle plants have both a gas turbine fired by natural gas, and a steam boiler and steam turbine which use the exhaust gas from the gas turbine to produceelectricity. This greatly increases the overall efficiency of the plant, and many new base load power plants are combined cycle plants fired by natural gas. Internal combustion Reciprocating engines are used to provide power for isolatedcommunities and are frequently used for small cogeneration plants. Hospitals,office buildings, industrial plants, and other critical facilities also use them to provide backup power in case of a power outage. These are usually fuelled bydiesel oil, heavy oil, natural gas and landfill gas. Micro turbines, Sterling engine and internal combustion reciprocating engines arelow cost solutions for using opportunity fuels, such as landfill gas, digester gasfrom water treatment plants and waste gas from oil production.

FUNCTIONING In a thermal power plant, one of coal, oil or natural gas is used to heat the boiler toconvert the water into steam. The steam is used to turn a turbine, which isconnected to a generator. When the turbine turns, electricity is generated and givenas output by the generator, which is then supplied to the consumers through high-voltage power lines. Process of a Thermal Power Plant Detailed process of power generation in a thermal power plant:1) Water intake: Firstly, water is taken into the boiler through a water source. If water is available in a plenty in the region, then the source is an open pond or river.If water is scarce, then it is recycled and the same water is used over and over again.2) Boiler heating: The boiler is heated with the help of oil, coal or natural gas. Afurnace is used to heat the fuel and supply the heat produced to the boiler. Theincrease in temperature helps in the transformation of water into steam.3) Steam Turbine: The steam generated in the boiler is sent through a steamturbine. The turbine has blades that rotate when high velocity steam flows acrossthem. This rotation of turbine blades is used to generate electricity.4) Generator: A generator is connected to the steam turbine. When the turbinerotates, the generator produces electricity which is then passed on to the power distribution systems.5) Special mountings: There is some other equipment like the economizer and air pre-heater.An economizer uses the heat from the exhaust gases to heat the feed water. An air pre-heater heats the air sent into the combustion chamber to improve the efficiencyof the combustion process.6) Ash collection system: There is a separate residue and ash collection system in place to collect all the waste materials from the combustion process and to preventthem from escaping into the atmosphere.Apart from this, there are various other monitoring systems and instruments in place to keep track of the functioning of all the devices. This prevents any hazardsfrom taking place in the plant. OPERATION Introduction Steam Generator or Boiler Steam Turbine Electric Generator Summer Training Project report on NTPC BY Prateek Jain- VIT University Download this Document for FreePrintMobileCollectionsReport Document Report this document? Please tell us reason(s) for reporting this document Spam or junk Porn adult content Hateful or offensive If you are the copyright owner of this document and want to report it, please follow these directions <http://support.scribd.com/forums/33563/entries/22981> to submit a copyright infringement notice. Report Cancel <javascript:void(0)>

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