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Social Islami Bank Limited (SIBL) is a banking company registered under the companies Act 1994 with its head office 15 Dilkusha C/A, Dhaka-1000. The bank operates as a scheduled bank under a banking license issued by the Bangladesh Bank. The Bank started its operation from 22, November 1995. SIBL is a capitalized new generating Bank with an authorized capital of Taka 4000 Million in 2008 and paid up capital of Taka 585 million in 2008 and also 585 million respectively as of December 2007. In the formal corporate sector, this Bank would, among others, offer the most up-to date banking services through opening of various types of deposit and investment accounts, financing trade, providing letters of guarantee, opening letters of credit, collection of bills effecting domestic and international transfer, leasing of equipment and consumer durables, hire purchase and installment sale for capital goods, investment in low-cost housing and management of real estates, participatory investment in various industrial, agricultural , transport, educational and health projects and so on. In the Non-formal non-corporate sector, it would, among others, involve in cash Waqf Certificate and development and management of WAQF and MOSQUE properties, and Trust funds. For coordinating my internship I have been placed in Social Islami Bank Limited, IDB Bhaban Branch, and Dhaka. There are 03 sections in IDB Bhaban Branch. They are: 1) General Banking .2) Investment Department 3) Foreign Exchange Department. Accordingly I shall work all of the sections. I shall devote my utmost effort and attention to learn bankers functions. After completion of the internship, I will render my all knowledge to present the report on Overall banking System of Social Islami Bank Limited- A Special Focus on Fund Management.The report is divided into Seven Chapters. 1) Introduction 2) Organization 3) Branch operation 4) Online banking 5) Performance, Ratio and SWOT Analysis 6) Project Analysis Fund Management 7) Concluding Remarks. In the organizational part will briefly describe overview of the organizations historical background, functions, business philosophy, ownership pattern, foreign correspondents and overseas operations and benefits provided to customers by the organization. Branch operation part will describe the product and service provided to the customers by a branch.

1.2 ORIGIN OF THE REPORT The BBA program conducted by Pataskala Science and Technology University has been introduced to provide a number of fresh graduates in business sector; this program has been designed to facilitate the students and the executive to provide basic theoretical knowledge and practical in the job activities in the context of Bangladesh. 1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY I have been assigned in the IDB Bhaban Branch of Social Islami Bank Ltd., and thus covered me the way to get myself familiarized with the banking environment for the first time. Indeed, I have had an opportunity to gather experience by working in the different departments of the branch. The area of concentration of this report is confined to investigating different aspects of the banking transaction as well as problems and prospects and by this way an endeavor is made to give recommendations for removing the problem

1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY This reposting study is aimed at focusing on Islamic Banking operational system in Bangladesh. In addition to this a comparative observations would be made with other commercial banking operation. The objectives are: To be acquainted with how bank perform its operation. To know about the modes of investment of Islamic Banks. To focus on products, services and financial condition of SIBL. To expose strengths and weakness of SIBL in comparison with competitors.

1.5 METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY In order to make the Report more meaningful and presentable, two sources of data and information have been used widely.
1.5.1 Sources of Data /Information Primary sources Face-to-face conversation with the respective officers and staffs of the Branch. Informal conversation with the clients. Observing banking activities for three month. Secondary sources Annual Report of SIBL. Periodicals published by Bangladesh Bank. Various book, articles, compilations etc. Prior research reports. Website Information. 1.5.2 Analysis of data /Information Two approaches have been mainly used in this report. Conceptual Approach. Empirical Approach. 1.6 AREA OF STUDY This project is limited in overall banking system of the bank. All three functional areas of the bank are taken to the scope of study. General Banking. Foreign Exchange Area. Investment Area.

1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY It is obvious that every study has some limitations. The study I have made is of great importance and required me huge work. Those limiting factors that hampered my smooth workings in bank and finally in preparing this report are as follows: The organization maintains strict confidentiality about their financial and other information. They are afraid of any type of information leakage to their competitors. So there was always difficulty to have appropriate information from them. Duration of this study was too short to have a sound understanding of the overall banking. Scope of my study is so wide that analytical and comprehensive study is not possible. Lack of sufficient books, papers and journals etc. Web site of the Organization isnt up to date to gather valuable information. \ 1.8 REPORT PREVIEW This project is short one providing only the facts and figures of current situation of operational activities and performance of the bank.

2.1 INTRODUCTION Since the establishment of Social Islami Bank Limited has come forward as a private commercial bank and very encourage has come forward as the stimulator of economic activities in the country. The bank has been entrusted with the responsibility of undertaking various steps related to the development of the countrys commercial, industrial and agricultural sectors. The banking sector of a country is called the economic barometer of the country. As a pioneer commercial bank in the private sector in Bangladesh, Social Islami Bank provides considerable financial helps to the business sector that imports industrial goods and/or exports excess production outside the country for profit. Thus for imports the Social Islami Bank provides LIM (Loan against Import Merchandise) and LTR (Loan against Trust Receipt) facility and for exports provides both pre shipment and post shipment finances. Thus with these bank helps the prospects in the business sector has increased more than ever before. 2.2 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF SIBL Social Islami Bank Limited (SIBL) is a banking company registered under the companies Act 1994 with its head office in 15 Dilkusha C/A, Dhaka-1000. The bank operates as a scheduled bank under a banking license issued by the Bangladesh Bank, Central Bank of the country. The Bank started its operation from 22, November 1995. SIBL is a capitalized new generating Bank with an authorized capital and paid up capital of Taka 585 million in 2007 and also. 585 million respectively as of December 2006.Currently the bank has 24 branches of which 12 in Dhaka, 4 in Chittagong, 1 in Sylhet, 2 in Narayanganj, 1 in Bogra, 1 in Khulna, 1 in Rajsahi, 1 in Sirajgonj. The bank undertakes all types of banking transaction to support the development of trade and commerce in the country. SIBL services are also available for the entrepreneurs to set up new venture and BMRE of industrial units. To provide clientele services in respect of international trade it has established wide corresponded banking relationship with local and foreign banks trade and financial interest home and abroad.Since the very inception, Social Islami Bank Ltd. is working with the philosophy of serving the nationals as an ideal and unique financial house. Every organization has some objectives of its own. The prime objective of Social Islami Bank Ltd. is to earn profit throw undertaking the responsibility of providing financial help for the development of the countrys commercial and industrial sector. 2.3 FORMATION OF SOCIAL ISLAMI BANK
2.3.1 Formation The Bank was incorporated in Bangladesh in the year 1995 as a banking company under the companies Act, 1994, all types of commercial banking services as provided by the Bank from time to time besides as a matter of policy the Bank conducts its Business on the principles of Mushataka, Murabaha, Bai-Muazzal and Hire Purchase transaction approved by Bangladesh Bank.

.2.3.2 Branches Information

At present 24 (twenty four) branches are in operation all over the country. A list of branches is appended below

2.3.3 Capital Structure Capital structure of Social Islami Bank Ltd. is as under: 1. Authorized capital : (4000.00 million, ordinary shares of Tk 1000 each) 2. Paid up capital : (585.00 million, ordinary shares of Tk 1000 each) The directors may revise the capital structure from time to time according to the need.


Sectoral objectives The key sectoral objectives are: a. To humanize corporate finance in the formal sector through participatory market mechanism with collateral. b. To socialize non-corporate finance in the non-formal sector through nonmarket and participatory custom-tailored micro-level credit package without collateral. c. To monetize voluntary sector through participatory financing mainly on joint ownership basis. d. To integrate these three sectors operational activities of the Bank to various will-conceived and well-planned Social Assignment and Investment Schemes or Social Fund for making them economically and ethically transparent and revealed Overall Operational goals The key thrusts of the operational goals are as follows: a. Empowering the family of the poor by creating income opportunities as well as strengthening the family of the rich for a better future generation. b. Achieving sustainable participatory economy, Social Security, and peace for a society.


High quality financial services with the latest technology. Fast, accurate and satisfactory customer service. Balanced & sustainable growth strategy. Optimum return on shareholders equity. Introducing innovative Islamic banking products. Attract and retain high quality human resource. Empowering real poor families and create local income opportunities. Providing support for social benefit organizations- by way of mobilizing funds and social services.

2.6 VISSION OF SIBL Social Islami Bank Ltd started its journey with the concept of 21st Century Islamic participatory three sector banking model: i) Formal Sector- Commercial Banking with latest technology; ii) Non-Formal Sector - Family Empowerment Micro-Credit & Microenterprise program and iii) Voluntary Sector - Social Capital mobilization through CASH WAQF and others. Finally, "Reduction of Poverty Level" is our Vision, which is a prime object as stated in Memorandum of Association of the Bank with the commitment "Working Together for a Caring Society".

2.7 FUCNTIONS OF SIBL Mobilization of idle resources of the country by accepting Deposits from the general public. Granting Loans and Advances to the individual firms and companies for activating and developing trade, commerce and industries and other productive activities in the country. To give facilities to the client and shareholders in a systematic way. Give encouragement to the people for savings. To increase investment. To make easy transfer of foreign currency. To identify consumers demand and fulfill their demand by supplying money. To improve economy by borrowing financial facility. To assist capital market. 2.7.1 Management Hierarchy

2.7.2 The Ownership Pattern

This is a private sector commercial Bank providing comprehensive range of banking services. The bank is owned as follows: Promoters 50% Government 5% Public 45% At present the Bank has an amount of Tk.4000.00 million of Authorized Capital and Tk. 585.00 million of Paid-up Capital. 2.7.3 Human Resource There is no alternative to skilled and trained manpower in service Industry. Bearing this in mind the well educated, promising and honest workers are being appointed and trained. Bank has given top priority to develop skilled manpower and introduce them with modern technologies with the purpose of developing quality customer services. The Bank has undertaken program to train up its employees of all strata at its own Training Institute. A highly experienced person was appointed as Director (Training) of the Institute in the year 2001 with the task of formulating various training modules. Steps are being taken to shift the Institute to separate premises for facilitating training activities. Side by side, both inland and foreign training also imparted during the year as usual. A highly experienced, well educated and motivated workforce is playing vital role towards the growth of the Bank deserve appreciation. The number of Executives and Officers as on 31st December 2008 was 512 as against 455 as on 31st December 2007.

2.7.4 Training Institute Well educated peoples are needed to achieve the objectives of a firm. With a view to build enthusiastic and skilled work force, Social Islami Bank Training Institute was established in 24th October, 1996 at Shyamoli, Dhaka. Every year the Institute trains sufficient number of employees. By the side of the new employee/officer, it is possible to trained SIBLs existing employee/officer. There is a library in SIBL. There is about 2 thousand books remain in this library. Accounting, Management, Marketing, and Computer related books are in this library. In 2007, 1383 officer and no-officer was trained.
2.7.5 Foreign Correspondents of SIBL In order to gain maximum advantage from Foreign Exchange related business, the Bank has entered into correspondent relationship with almost all major 122 Banks of 109 countries of the world like Standard Chartered Bank, American Express Bank Limited, HSBC, HBZ Finance, Mashreq Bank PSC, Dresdner Bank AG and with local banks in Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan etc with whom we have advising, reimbursing and confirming arrangement.

2.7.6 Overseas Operations of SIBL

Social Islami Bank has set up joint venture Exchange Company named Gulf Overseas Exchange Co. Ltd, in Oman contributing 25% of its paid up capital. The present paid up capital of the company is Riyal Omani 1, 82,000.00. The Chairman of the company is the ex-minister of the government of Oman. The exchange company, established in 1985, now has three branches in Oman and is being managed fully by officials of SIBL. The company is running in profit. SIBL is also exploring possibilities of opening branches in the Middle East, Switzerland and USA. SIBL has entered into the Management contract with a Kuwati Exchange company to provide management and technical services. SIBL has acquired equity and management of Nepal Arab Bank Ltd. which is the largest and highly profitable Private Commercial Bank in Nepal.

2.7.7 Products & Services

Mudaraba Term Deposit. Mudaraba Savings Deposit. Al-Wadia Current Account. Mudaraba Notice Deposit. Mudaraba Scheme Deposit. Cash Waqf. Mudaraba Hajj Savings Deposit. Mudaraba Monthly Savings Scheme. Mudaraba Special Deposit Pension Scheme (5 Years). Mudaraba Monthly Profit Deposit Scheme. Mudaraba Education Deposit Scheme. Mudaraba Home Saving Scheme. Mudaraba Millinery Deposit Scheme. ATM Service. Locker Service. One Line Banking

2.8.8 Non-Formal and Voluntary Sector Banking Programs

Since the opening of the Bank on 22nd November 1995, Non-Formal sector has started implementing its programs in various areas. Those are as follows: A. Environment-friendly program: Tokai Project: The project has a special strategic value. Till December 1995 only one group consisting of six members was formed at Hossain Marker, Utter Badda, Gulshan Thana. Group savings from the members is under process. Formation of more groups of Tokai Pannaya Bavshee (Tokai goods Traders) is under process at different areas including Hossain Market.

B. Real Life Non-formal School of Management: As a part of environmentally friendly program, the bank is committed to educate the Tokai and this has a worldwide strategic value. Till December 1995 one Tokai Nonformal School has been started at Hossain Market, Uttar Badda, Gulshan, and Dhaka with 30 students with a view to giving them real-life education with Islamic orientation. In the process of learning, the Tokai developed propensity for savings. As a result they are regularly depositing a small portion of their income as savings. C. Mosque Property Development Program: Construction of Mini Market at Kazi Bari Mosque, Uttar Khan, Uttara, Dhaka, consisting of 4 shops has been completed where Bank has invested Tk.1.28 laces. Recovery rate in this sector is 100 percent. D. Capital Market Instruments-Securitization of voluntary sector: In the voluntary sector, the bank is in the process of organizing Voluntary Capital Market Operation for mobilization of necessary fund and in the process of developing the following financial instruments with different sets of rules in con formality with Shariah:

Waqf Properties Development Bond (specific and general). Cash Waqf Deposit Certificate (specific and general). Family Waqf Certificate. Mosque Properties Development Bond (specific and general). Mosque Community Share. Quarn-e-Hasana Certificate (specific and general). Zakat/Ushar payment Certificate. Non-Muslim Trust Properties Development. Municipal Properties Development Bond (specific and general).

The value of all the bonds and Qurd-e-Hasana Certificate are guaranteed by the Bank against surrender of the instruments on maturity. 2.7.9 Rural Credit Program Agriculture is the main driving force of economy in Bangladesh. And the whole economic growth of the country depends on the development, modernization and investment of money in this connection. As a non-Government financial institution SIBL has been actively participation in rural credit program in the economic activities for large population of the country since 1992. SIBL has been working intensively in collaboration with Barindra Multipurpose Development Authority by conducting the Rural Credit program particularly in Rajshahi, Naoga, Chapainowabgong, and the northern part of the country in general. In the last 10 years bank has distributed the credit for Tk.69.85 million. The recovery of loan in this project is 94%. In 2001 bank has distributed the loan for Tk.7.00million. This is the first program for any private bank. Moreover, SIBL has been participating in Agro Based Industries and Technology Development project Loan financed by USAID since 1996.


Total Operating Income of the Bank as on 31st December 2008 stood at Tk. 1,291,706,859 million against Tk. 902,503,334 million of the preceding year. The Bank made an operating profit of Tk. 787,364,550 million in 2008 against Tk.480, 782,904 million of 2007. A summary of operating result of the Bank as on 31st December 2008 vis--vis the position as on 31.12.2007 is shown below: Operating result of the Bank as on 31st December 2008
(Taka in millions)

Particulars 31.12.2008 31.12.2007 Growth Rate %

Income from Investment 2,732,256,352 2,092,951,320


Profit paid on Depositors 2,071,378,746 1,705,054,119


Net Investment Income 660,877,606 387,897,201


Commission, Exchange & Other Income 450,879,515 350,231,722


Total Operating Income 1,291,706,859 902,503,334


Total Operating Expenses 504,342,309 421,720,430


Profit Before Provision 787,364,550 480,782,904


Total Provision 432,551,257 212,920,488


Profit Before Tax 354,813,294 267,862,416


Profit After Tax 202,068,294

150, 037,061



Financial institution intermediary that mediates or stands between ultimate borrowers and ultimate lenders is knows as financial institution. Banks perform this function in two ways- taking deposits from various areas in different forms and lending that accumulated amount of money to the potential investors in other different forms. General banking department aids in taking deposits and simultaneously provides some ancillaries services. General banking is the front-side banking service department. It provides those customers who come frequently and those customers who come one time in banking for enjoying ancillary services. In some general banking activities, there is no relation between banker and customers who will take only one service form bank. On the other hand, there are some customers with who banks are doing its business frequently. SIBL General banking is divided into six sections. 1. Account opening section. 2. Bills and clearing section. 3. Remittance section. 4. Cash section. 5. Locker Service. 6. Closing of an account.

3.1.1 Account Opening Section

Under this section, SIBL officer opens different types of accounts on the request of clients. The procedure of opening account is given below. Procedure for Opening of Accounts Before opening of a current or savings account, the following formalities must be completed by the customer: 1. Application for the prescribed form 2. Furnishing photographs 3. Introduction by an account holder 4. Putting specimen signatures in the specimen card 5. Mandate if necessary After fulfilling the above formalities, SIBL provides the customer a pay-in- slip book and a checkbook.

Application Form for Current/ Savings Account Followings are the contents of the application form for opening Savings or Current account in SIBL,1) Type of the Account: Individual/ Joint/ Proprietorship/ Partnership/ Limited Company/ Club/ Society/ Co-operatives 2) Name of the Applicant(s) 3) Fathers/ husbands Name 4) Present Address 5) Permanent Address 6) Number, Date of issue, Date of Expiry & Place of Issue of Passport (if any) 7) Date of Birth 8) Nationality 9) Occupation

10) Nominee (s) 11) Special Instruction of Operation of the Account (if any) 12) Initial Deposit 13) Specimen Signature (s) of the Applicant (s) 14) Introducers Information (Name, Account Number, Specimen Signature) In case of Join Account a)Operation instruction of the account b)Signature (s) In case of Partnership Account a) Partners Signature b) Partners Name--- --- The following formality along with the documents is to be completed before opening an account: a) Two copies of photograph of the Account Holder (s) duly attested by the Introducer. b) Account to be introduced properly. c) Introducers signature on Account Opening Form to be verified by an officer under full signature. d) Letter of thanks to Account Holder(s) and Introducer to be sent under registered post. e) In case of joint account, operational instructions are to be signed by the Join Account Holders. In case of Club/ Society,a) Up to date list of office bearers. b) Certified copy of Resolution for opening and operation of account. c) Certified copy of Bye-laws & Regulations/ Constitution. d) Copy of Government approval (if registered.)

In case of Co-operative Society/ societies Limited,a) Copy of Bye-law duly certified by the Co-operative officer. b) Up to date list of office bearers. c) Resolution of the Executive Committee as regards of the account. d) Certified copy of Certificate of Registration issued by Registrar, Co-operative Societies. In case of Non- Government College/School/ Madrasha/ Muktab,a) Up to date list of the Governing Body/ Managing committee. b) Copy of resolution of the Governing Body/ Managing Committee. In case of Trustee Board,a) Prior approval of Head Office of the Bank. b) Certified copy of Deed of Trust, up to date list of members of the Trustee Board and Certified copy of the Resolution of Trustee Board to open & operate the account. In case of Minors Account,a) Putting the word MINOR after the title of the account. b) Recording special instruction of operation of the account. c) The account opening form is to be filled in and signed by either of the parents or the legal guardian appointed by the Court of Law & not by the Minor. In case of Limited Company,a) Certified true copy of the Memorandum & Articles of Association of the company. b) Certificate of Incorporation of the company for inspection and return with a duly

certified photocopy for banks records. c) Certificate from the Registrar of the Joint Stock Companies that the company is entitled to commence business (in case of Public limited Co. for inspection and return) along with a duly certified photocopy for Banks records. d) Latest copy of Balance Sheet. e) Extract of Resolution of the Board. General Meeting of the company for opening the account and authorization for its operation duly certified by the Chairman/ Managing Director of the company. a) List of Directors with address (a latest photocopy of the form-xii). b) Authorized signature. c) Name. General conditions of governing Current / Savings Account,(a) Minimum Balance to be maintained in current account Tk. 10,000 /- and in Savings account Tk. 5.000/- . (b) A suitable instruction by an introducer acceptable to the Bank is required prior to opening an account. (c) Recent photographs of the Account openers duly attested by the Introducer must be produced. (d) When cheques deposited are payable by other banks or outstation they are available after clearing or collection only, Service charge will be charged @ Tk, 100 /- in Current account and Tk 50 /- in Savings account yearly or as charged by the Bank from time to time as and when required. Provisional profit rate for Savings Account (SB) @ 6.85% (Half years compounding). Deposits Accepted by SIBL Mudaraba saving Deposit (MSD) These are profit bearing deposit accounts. The drawings are restricted in respect of both the amount of withdrawal and the frequency thereof so that the payment of interest does not become any compensating for the banker. Some time the restrictions are ignored against the depositors written confirmation to forgo his claim for interest on the total balance for the whole month of withdrawal. Special Saving Scheme Mudaraba Hajj Saving Scheme Hajj is one of the basic pillars of Islam- the complete code of life. SIBL has introduced a scheme in the name & style Mudaraba Hajj Saving Scheme to facilitate the intending Muslims to perform Hajj properly at appropriate age. This is purely a saving scheme for Hajj. Any Muslim intending in perform Hajj by building up deposit required for meeting Hajj expenses will select one of the 20 alternative choices based on duration of period from 1 year to 20 years for building- up savings by monthly installments under this scheme.

Mudaraba Education Scheme SIBL being encouraged by the success of the Mudaraba deposit accounts, has introduced another savings scheme namely Mudaraba Education Scheme Initial Deposit Maturity Period Total Payment Monthly Education Allowance 25,000 7 Years 55,000 1,000 25,000 10 Years 77,000 1,500 25,000 15 Years 136,000 2,500 25,000 20Years 240,000 4,500 Mudaraba Millionaire Scheme People of Bangladesh are the followers of Islam. They are mostly interested to make interest free deposits. Taking these facts into consideration SIBL a joint venture Islamic bank introduced a monthly installment based "Mudaraba Millionaire Scheme" Rules and regulations of this scheme: Tk. 550/-, Tk. 1050/- or Tk. 2050/- is taken as monthly installment under Mudaraba principles of Islamic Shariah. Duration of this scheme will be 15, 20 and 25 yrs. After maturity an estimated amount will become as follows: Duration Monthly Installment Estimated amount after maturity 15 2,050/Tk. 10 lac 20 1,050/Tk. 10 lac 25 550/Tk. 10 lac

The amount in the above is an estimated amount and may vary at maturity. After starting of operation of this scheme size of installment cannot be changed Mudaraba Special Savings (Pension) Scheme Any Bangladeshi person aged above 18 yrs and having sound mental condition can may open this scheme. To open this account there must be a signature of a valued introducer. Parents or legal guardians can open this scheme in the name of their underage children. After maturity estimated profit will be applied as follows: Monthly Installment Estimated amount after maturity 5 years 10 years 100 8,000 22,500 200 16,000 45,000 300 24,000 67,000 400 32,000 90,000 500 40,000 1,12,500 1000 80,000 1,25,000 Mudaraba Monthly Profit Deposit Scheme The features of this scheme are as follows: 1. Tk. 1, 00,000/-, 1, 10,000/-, 1, 20,000/- or 1, 25,000/- or any amount multiple can be deposited under this scheme. 2. The duration of the amount should be for Five years. 3. Profits shall be distributed under this scheme as follows: a. 1,00,000/- Tk. 900 (net) b. 1,10,000/- Tk. 1000 (net) a. 1,20,000/- Tk. 1,100 (net) b. 1,25,000/- Tk. 1150 (net) 4. The payable profit will become due after 1 month of deposit. But the amount will be deposited to account in the last week of the month.

.5. Generally, a depositor cannot withdraw the amount before 5 years. But, in unavoidable circumstances the depositor can withdraw the amount and in that case the depositor will have to submit the duly filled application form of the scheme. Mudaraba Term Deposit Mudaraba Term Deposit is one, which is repayable after the expiry of a predetermined period fixed by him. The period varies from 1 month to 1 year or above. These deposits are not repayable on demand but they are withdrawing able subject to a period of notice. Hence, it is popularly known as Mudaraba Time Deposit or Time Liabilities. Normally the money on a fixed deposit is not repayable before the expiry of a fixed period. In case of MTDR Account the Bank needs to maintain a cash reserve. So SIB offers a high interest rate in MTDR accounts. The Interest rates followed by SIB For 1 month @10.50For 3 months @11.75For 6 months @12.00For 1 year or above @12.25

g For 1 month @10.50 For 3 months @11.75 For 6 months @12.00For 1 year or above @12.25

19 Al Wadiah Current Deposit 1. ALWADIAH Current Deposit A/cs are opened proper introduction with minimum initial deposit fixed by the Bank.2. ALWADIAH Deposit is accepted on ALWADIAH principles which mean al Amana with permission to use. According to this principle Bank can use the fund of the account along with other funds as per Shari at bank's own risk. Accountholder(s) will not share any profit/loss.3. The Law and regulation of Bangladesh, usual customs and procedures common tobanks in Bangladesh including Islamic Banking Principles shall apply to andgovern the conduct of account opened with the Bank. 3.1.2 Bills and Clearing Section SIBL Local Office branch performs the bill clearing function through Local office. SIBLLocal office acts as the agent of all SIBL branches for the clearing house of theBangladesh Bank. There are two types of cheque which are-1. 1) Inward clearing cheque 2) Outward clearing cheque. Inward Cheques: Inward cheques are those ones drawn the respective branch which have been presented onother banks and will be cleared / honored through the clearing house of Bangladesh Bank.For example the cheque drawn on SIBL Local Office Br, then the cheque is called inwardcheque of SIBL Local Office Br, Accounting treatment :Customers A/C Debit. SIBLGeneral A/c Credit Outward Cheques: Outward cheques are those ones drawn on other bank branches which are presented on the concerned branch for collection through clearing house of Bangladesh Bank. These cheques are called outward cheques.For example, the cheque drawn on Mercantile Bank LTD, Kawran Bazar Br has been presented on SIBL Local Office Br. This cheque is called the outward cheque of SIB Local Office. Hence it is said that the cheque which is the inward cheque of one bank isthe outward cheque of another bank

20 Outward Bills for Collection (OBC) By OBC, we mean that those cheques drawn on other banks which are not within the same clearing house. Officer gives OBC seal on this type of cheques and later sends a letter to the manager of the branch of the some bank located in the branch on which cheque has been drawn. After collection of that bill branch advises the concerned branching which cheques has been presented to credit the customer account through Inter Branch Credit Advice (IBCA).In absence of the branch of the same bank, officer sends letter to manager of the bank on which the cheques is drawn. That bank will send pay order in the name of the branch. This is the procedure of OBC mechanism. Clearing The scheduled banks clear the cheques drawn upon one another through the clearinghouse. SIBL is a scheduled Bank. According to the Article 37 (2) of Bangladesh Bank Order, 1972, the banks which are the member of the clearinghouse are called as Scheduled Banks. This is an arrangement by the central bank where every day the representative of the member banks gathers to clear the cheques. The place where the banks meet and settle their dues is called the clearinghouse. The clearinghouse sits for two times a working day. The SIBL Local Office Br sends the instruments through Inter Branch Debit Advice(I.B.D.A). SIBL Local Office acts as an agent in this case. For this, Local Office branch gives the following entries ,SIBL General A/C (Local Office Br) ---------------Dr. Customers A/C---------------------------------Cr. If the instrument is dishonored, the instrument is returned to the Local Office branch through I.B.D.A. along with the following entries, Customers A/C---------------Dr. SIBL General A/C------------------Cr

Receiving Cheques for Collection21 In SIBL, cheques of its customers are received for collection from other banks. In case of receiving cheques, following points should be checked very carefully-The cheques should not carry a date older than the receiving date for more than 6 months. In that case it will be a stale cheque and it will not be allowed for collection. Again the date of the cheque should not be more than 1 days forward than the receiving date. a. The amount in figures and words in both sides of the pay-in-slip should be same and it should also be same with the amount mentioned in figures and words in the cheque.b. The name mentioned in the cheque should be some in both sides of the pay-in-slip and it should be the same with the name mentioned in the cheque.c. The cheque must be crossed. Cheque and Crossing A Cheque is a bill of exchange drawn on a specified banker and not expressed to be payable otherwise than on demand. [According to section-6, Negotiable Instrument Act,1881]. A cheque may be classified into: a) An open cheque which can be presented for payment by the holder at the counter of the drawers bank b) A crossed cheque which can be paid only through a collecting banker. Crossing cheque: A cheque is said to be crossed when two transverse parallel lines with or without any words are drawn across the face. Crossing may be general, special or restrictive. Issuing Cheque Book Following procedures are maintained by SIBL, Local Office for issuing checkbook. a) Firstly the customer will fill up the check requisition form. b) The leaves of the checkbook under issue are counted to ensure that all the leaves and the blank requisition slip are intact. c) The officer writes A/C number and branch name on all the leaves of the checkbook. d) The name and the A/C number of the customer are than entered in the checkbook register against the particular checkbook series. e) Then the officer sightseer, checkbook, and requisition slip f) Lastly the checkbook is handed over to the customer after taking acknowledgement on requisition slip. A cover file containing the requisition slip is effectively preserved as vouchers. If any defect is noticed by the ledger keeper, he makes a remark to that effect on the requisition slip and forward it to the cancellation officer to decide whether a new checkbook to be issued to the customer or not

3.1.3 Remittance of Funds: Remittance of funds is ancillary services of SIBL. It aids to remit fund from one place to another place on behalf of its customers as well as non- customers of bank. SIBL has its branches in the major cities of the country and therefore, it serves as one of the best mediums for remittance of funds from one place to another. The main instruments used by SIBL, Local Office Br for remittance of funds. -Pay Order/ Bankers check .-Demand Draft. -Telegraphic Transfer. Banks cheque/ Pay order The pay order is an instrument issued by bank, instructing itself a certain amount of money mentioned in the instrument taking amount of money and commission when it is presented in bank. Only the branch of the bank that has issued it will make the payment of pay order. The bankers cheque must become the branch for payment wherever it is presented. Issuing of Pay Order The procedures for issuing a Pay Order are as follows: 1. Deposit money by the customer along with application form. 2. Give necessary entry in the bills payable (Pay Order) register where payees name, date, PO no, etc is mentioned. 3. Prepared the instrument. 4. After scrutinizing and approval of the instrument by the authority, it is delivered to customer. Signature of customer is taken on the counterpart. Cancellation of a Pay Order If a buyer wants to cancel it, he should submit a letter of instrument in this regard and also return the instrument. Bank Draft The person intending to remit the money through a pay order has to deposit the money to be remitted with the commission which the banker charges for its services. The amount of commission depends on the amount to be remitted. On issue of the pay order, the remitter does not remain a party to the instrument i) Drawer branch ii) Drawer branch iii) Payee. This is treated as the current liability of the bank as the banker on the presentation of the instrument should pay the money. The banker event on receiving instructions from the remitter cannot stop the payment of the instrument. Stop payment can be done in the following cases: 1)Loss of draft before endorsement: in this case, Draft reported to be lost, payees endorsement requires verification is marked. 2)Loss of draft after endorsement: In this case, the branch first satisfies itself about the claimant and the endorsement in his favor

Charges A commission of 0.15% is taken on the draft value & Tk.50/= is taken as postal charge. Mail or Telex Transfer (TT) Telex transfer is another widely used mode for remittances of funds. In case of telex transfer the message for transfer of funds is communicated through tested telex. SIB generally recovers from the telex charges in addition to the usual service charges. Issuing of TT SIBL follows the following procedures: The customer deposits money with SIBL to be sent. The customer obtains a cash memo containing TT serial number TT serial number, notifying part name is mentioned in the telex message. The Telex Department confirms transmission of the telex. Accounting entries for TT Cash A/C, Clients A/C -----------------------Dr. SIBL General A/C (Local Office branch) ---------------Cr. Procedures for the incoming TT After receiving the telex, it is authenticated by test. TT Serial number is verified by theTT inConcern branch register. The following entries are given in the vouchers,-SIBL General A/C (Local Office branch) -----------------------Dr. Clients A/C------------------------------------------Cr. Tk. 50/= is taken as postal charge. The minimum commission is Tk. 50/= or o.15% of the amount whichever is higher. 3.1.4 Cash Section:The cash section of any branch plays very significant role in general banking department. Because, it deals with most liquid assets The SIBL Local Office Br has an equipped cash section. This section receives cash from depositors and pay cash against cheque, draft, PO, and pay in slip over the counter.

Receiving Cash:Any people who want to deposit money will fill up the deposit slip and give the form along with the money to the cash officer over the counter. The cash officer counts the cash and compares with the figure written in the deposit slip. Then he put his signature on the slip along with the cash received seal and records in the cash receive register book against A/C number. At the end of the procedure, the cash officer passes the deposit slip to the counter section for posting purpose and delivers the duplicate slip to the client Account treatment Particulars Dr./Cr. Cash A/C Dr. Customers A/C Cr. Disbursing Cash: The drawn who wants to receive money against cheque comes to the payment counter and presents his cheque to the officer. He verifies the following informationa)Date of the chequeb) b)Signature of the A/C holdc) c)Material alteration e)Whether the cheque is crossed or note) f)Whether the cheque is endorsed or not. g)Whether the amount in figure and in word correspondent or not Then he checks the cheque from computer for further verification. Here the following information is checked: 1)Whether there is sufficient balance or not2) 2)Whether there is stop payment instruction or not 3)Whether there is any legal obstruction (Garnishee Order) or not After checking everything, if all are in order the cash officer gives amount to the hold andrecords in the paid register. Account treatment: Particulars Dr./Cr. Customers A/C Dr. Cash A/C Cr.

The cash section of SIBL deals with all types of negotiable instruments, cash and other instruments and treated as a sensitive section of the bank. It includes the vault which issued as the store of cash instruments. The vault is insured up to Tk. 60 laces. If the cash stock goes beyond this limit, the excess cash is then transferred to Head Office. When the excess cash is transferred to SIBL Head Office. The cash officer issues IBDA. Account treatment: SIBL General A/C Dr. Cash A/C Cr. When cash is brought from SIBL Head Office then, Account treatment: Cash A/C Dr. SIBL General A/C Cr.
3.1.5 Locker Service: SIBL Local Office Br is providing facility of locker service for the purpose of safeguarding the valuable property of customers. The person or the organization that has any account in bank branch can enjoy this service. They can keep their valuable assets in bankers custody. Customers have right to look after with a key of their individual locker provided by bank. SIBL maintains the following types of lockers :------ Large locker. ------ Medium locker .------ Small locker. For enjoying this service, clients have to give charge yearly Tk. 1500, Tk. 1250 and Tk.700 for large, medium and small locker respectively. 3.1.6 Closing of an Account For two reasons, one can be closed. One is by banker and other is by the customer. By banker: If any customer doesnt maintain any transaction within six years and the A/C balance becomes lower than the minimum balance, banker has the right to close an A/C. By customer: If the customer wants to close his A/C, he writes an application to the manager urging him to close his A/C .Different procedures are followed in cash of different types of A/C to close. Fixed deposit/C is closed after the termination of the period. Closing process for current & savings A/C 1) After receiving customers application the officer verifies the balance of the A/C. 2) He then calculates interest and other charges accumulated on the A/C.

3) If it bears a credit balance, the officer writes advice voucher. He gives necessary accounting entries post to accounts section. 4) The balance is returned to the customer. And lastly the A/C is closed.

But in practice, normally the customers dont close A/C willingly. At times, customers dont maintain any transaction for long time. Is this situation at first, the A/C becomes dormant and ultimately it is closed by the bank 3.2 FOREIGN EXCHANGE BANKING AREA 3.2.1 Foreign Exchange Foreign trade Foreign trade constitutes a sizable portion of international transactions of a country. Payment received for exports and made for imports form a substantial part of its remittances from and to other countries. In our country a major share of the current balance of payments is made up of exports and imports of merchandise on private and government account. Thus, trade is the most important factor giving rise to payments between countries. Foreign trade is a type of specialization, which like other forms of specialization increases productive efficiency and standard of living of the people of the country concerned. Need for foreign trade Foreign trade enables a country to have a much larger flow and much more diversified form of wealth than what is possible without it. The residents of a country are able to enjoy the use of commodities which otherwise may not be available to them at all. There is a wide difference in respect of the material and human resources, stage of technical and scientific progress, and possession of capital equipment in different countries. No country is in a position to produce everything in quantities large enough to provide its people a reasonably high standard of living. A country, therefore, enters into trade relations with other countries on account of certain basic differences due to topographical reasons in its economy from theirs. Commodities are imported because either they cannot be produced in the country at all orca be produced at a very high cost. Import of such commodities is a convenient and cheaper way of getting them. In exchange for imports, a country has to export certain articles because normally imports can be paid for only by exports. A countrys exports usually comprise commodities the cost of production of which is less than the cost of importing them. Thus the need of the people of a country for its scarce resources and in exchange the surplus of some of their resources constitute the import and export stimulate the foreign trade which is intern mobilized by foreign exchange proceedings. Types of Foreign trades Dealt in Banks Foreign trades are mainly of two types. These two are: Import Trade & Export Trade. The import and export trade of Bangladeshis is controlled under the Import and Export Control Act, 1950. In normal sense the imports involve outward remittances and the export involves inward remittances. The terms and conditions of contracts between the importers and the exporters and the eventual remittances in foreign countries are subject to such restrictions and formalities as are laid down from time to time by the Import and Export Control and Exchange control in their respective jurisdiction which the importers and exporters must comply with. Import Trade:When a particular country wishes and does bring in some goods and services from another country, trade occurring between these two countries is called import trade. Import trade means procurement and purchase of goods and services from another country or countries. Therefore, purchasing function of international trade is called import trade. Export Trade:Selling of goods and services or other sales related function for the transfer of surplus goods or services for a value or just to merchandise them abroad trade occur between countries. Thus export or sale of additional

goods and services or surplus goods and services is called export trade. There is another peculiar type of export trade named Re-Export Trade.

Import:The bank defines import as to bring in, from abroad, something in kind of goods or services (to behave lawfully). It includes the following services: 1. Letter of Credit (L/C) opening. 2. Presentation/Retirement of import documents. The import mechanism first involves the issuing of a L/C as an instrument by a bank on behalf of one of its customers, authorizing an individual or a firm to draw draft on the bank or on one of its correspondents for its account under certain conditions stipulated in the credit. Secondly the bank import mechanism involves the retirement of import mechanism on receiving the payment or under certain conditions against the security of payments made by the importer in documents stipulating an advance payment date. Import Operation:Actually the import procedure is a result of a two-party negotiation or contract. Once the importer has accepted the suppliers offer, he agrees to open a Letter of Credit in favor of the latter. Thus the import procedure of the bank starts with the opening of the credit. The entire import mechanism of this branch is enumerated below. Terms of Credit:First of all the concerned banker asks the importer to present and show the terms of the credit that the importer wishes to issue. The terms of the letter of credit are based on the contract between the importer and the exporter and the import license or the authorization permits for import under free list as the case may be, issued in the name of the concerned importer. The terms of the credit specify importantly, amount of the credit, name and address of the beneficiary and the opener, particulars of the goods, their make, quantity and price basis, tenor of bill of exchange, period and mode of shipment, whether part shipment allowed, port of shipment and of destination, nature of credit, expiry date, names and number of sets of shipping and other documents.

Letter of Credit Application: For the purpose of the opening the credit the importer is required to fill up and sign a stamped Letter of Credit application, which, in addition to recording the full details of the credit including instruction for booking exchange, serves as an agreement between the banker and the opener Presentation of the application for Opening of the Letter of Credit When the importer requests the bank for the opening of a L/C, by agreeing to the request, the bank makes a promise of payment to the supplier by issuing it. But the importer must make out an application for this purpose. The application must be written in a plain paper or Letter Head pad and it should be submitted being attached with the following certificates and papers If the importer is an individual1. 1)Current Deposit A/C No

2)Partnership Deed and Solvency Certificate (If partnership firm), 3)Article of Association (If Private Limited Company ), 4)Memorandum of Association (If Private Limited Company), 5)Certificate of Commencement of Business (If Public Limited Company), 6) Photocopy of Trade License (valid), 7) Photocopy of VAT Registration Number, 8) Photocopy of Tax Identification Number (TIN certificate), 9) Import Registration Certificate from CCI&E, (Renewed and valid). 10) Required amount of Registration Fee. IRC (Import Registration Certificate) issue fee IRC Issuing Fee Import Limit:Tk.500 Highest annual imports limit 5 Lac. Tk.1500 Highest annual imports limit 15Lac. Tk.3000 Highest annual imports limit 50Lac. Tk.5000 Unlimited annual import capacity. Bank Scrutiny of the Documents before Opening of the Credit: On receipt of the application form with other required documents submitted by the opener they are thoroughly scrutinized. The points, which are carefully scrutinized, are followings: 1) Indenting the registration number. 2) That the IRC is updated or renewed and valid. 3) That the goods are marketable and legally importable and that it is not difficult frothed beneficiary to comply with all terms and conditions to be incorporated in the/C. 4) That the L/C is not going to be opened in favor of the importer. 5) That the importer signs it, agreeing terms and conditions. 6) That the Insurance Cover Note specifies the date of shipment. 7) That it encloses Radioactivity Report in case of food item. 8) That the Import Permission (IMP) forms is dully filled in and signed. 9) That the liability, as being applied, is under appropriate limit.

10) That the amount does not exceed the L/C value and is identical with invoiceamount and that the amount in figure and in word is same. 11) That it encloses credit report of the beneficiary in cases when the L/C value ismore than US $ 20,000.

Exports, for obvious reasons, are listed in the priority sector in all developing economies. There is no doubt in this fact that export trade constitutes the most substantial base for sustaining the long term development and prospect of a countrys economy. Bangladeshis also now a developing country. So this fact is equally relevant to the concerned economic soundness of Bangladesh. We all know about the Balance of Payment. If a countries total import outweighs its total export, the country is called to be facing drastic negative (unfavorable) balance of payment. A continuous negative balance of payment of country makes it totally dependent on others. And thus the economic standing and structure of that country gradually collapse. On the other hand a positive (favorable) balance of payment shows the greater amount of export by a country against its total import and shows a sound economic motion. Thus export is a most import mechanism that helps a country to be dependent and to produce goods or merchandise either through its internal resource or through procuring resource from external sources. Whatever the source is the export helps a country to build its capital reserve more promisingly. Bangladesh is also now very much keen to boost up its export. But the most stumbles blocking the process is the non-availability of required finance. There is neither adequate capital in the hands of the exporter to meet up their foreign trade requirements nor their exists an organized capital market to extend fair hand as help for the finance. In view of this, commercial banks of this country are the only real friendly base, which recently have started playing a challenging and pivot role in the business sector through extending bothered and post trade finance to the exporters and importers.

Export Policy 1997-2008

Target1. 1) To attain highest national growth by increasing export to regional and international markets; 2) To reduce gradually the gap between export and import expenditure; 3) To produce export commodity at a competitive price aimed at market retention and promotion. 4) To avail the opportunity to enter in liberalized and globalize Post-Uruguay Round International Market 5) To make goods exportable and more suitable for foreign markets by diversification and quality improvement; 6) To establish backward linkage industry and services and identify higher value added goods. 7) To develop infrastructure for exports. 8) To create skilled manpower in export sector

9)To upgrade the quality and grading of commodity to an internationally recognized level.

The normal export mechanism is much like the procedure maintained in a typical import mechanism. Whereas in case of import the party is the importer and the bank acts as the opener of his credit, in case of export the party is the exporter and the bank acts as the negotiator of his documents. In our country the most promising exporters are the garments industries. About 76% of the total exports of our country are made by the garments sector. The underlying reason of success of this sector in exports is the availability of the huge amount of cheap labor. But because of inadequate supply of locally produced quality fabrics and accessories, we have to import about 60% of the fabrics and accessories from abroad for use in the garments industry. This is actually time consuming and costly process for the garments sector. So considering the significant contribution of the garments sector in the export trade the private commercial banks have undertaken an especial arrangement to provide them with export finance, which is called the foreign Back to Back Letter of credit (BTB). BANK MECHANISM IN EXPORT: As stated earlier, the foreign trade plays a vital role in the economic advancement process of nation. So the trend or parameters of foreign trade i.e., import and export is of great concern to the government of a country. By the term Export we mean carrying of anything from the country of origin to another country in return for a value. The bankers define Export as the sending of visible things outside the country for sale. The export is important because with the export earnings we met our import bills. Normally a bank provides the following services as with the party in case of export needs. Obtaining of Export Registration Certificate (ERC) When the party or the exporter receives any export order after negotiation with the importer, he comes to the bank and asks negotiate his transaction with the importers correspondent. In such a case the bank first advises him to obtain Export Registration Certificate from CCI&E (Chief Controller of Import and Export). Procedure for obtaining ERC:For obtaining Export Registration Certificate (ERC), intending Bangladeshi Exporters are required to apply to the Controllers/Joint Controller/Deputy Controller/assistant Controller of Imports and exports in the prescribed form along with the following documents: # Nationality and Assets Certificate of the Proprietor/Partners/Directors; # Registered Partnership Deed in case of Partnership Concerns; # Memorandum and Article of Association and Incorporation Certificate in case of Limited Company; # Bank Certificate; and Income Tax Certificate;

# Copy of valid Trade License and

Copy of Rent Receipt or the Business Premises. On receipt of necessary advise from the Offices of the concerned Controller of Imports and Exports, applicants of Export Registration Certificate are required to deposit Registration Fee of Tk. 1000 (subject to change) in to the Government head of account24- Trade and Commerce-Fees Realized under Import and Export Control Act, 1950through Bangladesh Bank or Government Treasury Sonali Bank. Copies of TreasuryChallans showing payment of fees should be sent to the concerned offices of the CCI&Efor enabling them to issue Export registration Certificate. Once it has been registered, the exporters are to make annual payments of Tk. 1000 (subject to change) only for having the ERC renewed.

Receiving Advising of Letter of Credit

Normally the exporter receives Letter of credit in two forms. 1)Cable. 2)Original . The imported terms and conditions of the L/C are communicated by the L/C opening bank to the exporters bank through cable, which is followed by the original L/C. The L/Received through cable generally covers the following points: 1) The name of the importer; 2) The name of the exporter; 3) Description of goods (in short detail); 4) Expiry date of the Letter of Credit; 5) Shipment date, etc.

Issuing of EXP (Export) Form:

After the receipt of the advising banks letter, the exporter is required to issue an Export Form by the Authorized Dealers. The EXP Forms are numbered serially and issued in quadruplicate. Before the export forms are lodged by the exporters with the Customs/Postal Authorities, they should get all the copies endorsed by the Authorized dealers. For delay in repatriation of export proceeds or non-realization of export proceeds, the exporters render themselves for action under Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947.Authorized Dealers and their officials who certify the export forms also render themselves on such action by the Bangladesh Bank. Examination of the Documents After the issuing of the EXP form the exporter proceeds for the shipment of the goods to the buyers destiny. As soon as the shipment of goods is made, the exporter prepares the bill of exchange and submits it with other export documents to Authorized Dealer for negotiation of the same. As the banker deals only with documents not with the commodity, they should be very much careful about the genuineness and correctness of the documents evidencing shipment of the respective commodities. The banker is to ascertain that the documents are strictly as per the terms of L/C. before negotiation of the export bill, the banker is to scrutinize and examine each and

every document with great care. Negligence in the part of the banker may put the importer abroad into unnecessary troubles.

DOCUMENTS USED IN FOREIGN TRADE RELATING TO BILLS: Every import and export involves documentary transaction of goods and services between or among the parties involved (or between or among their supporting banks). Most of the foreign trade and their exchanges are now held in the form of documentary Letter of Credit (LC) . Documentary letters of credit issued to finance the shipment of goods involve the drawing of bills of exchange, which have to be accompanied by what is known as full set of shipping and non-shipping documents. The attachment of these documents to the bill is an essential obligation of the seller and the buyer so as to serve the purpose. These typical documents can be divided into two main parts. These documents are Shipping documents and Non-shipping documents. These documents are the followings:

Shipping Documents:
Shipping documents are those documents, which are mainly given by the exporter to the importer after the shipment of the goods or services as been negotiated. It is impossible to release the goods or commodity from ship/port without these documents. These documents are described below:

Bills of lading:
The bill of lading is one of the most important shipping documents, which accompany bills of exchange drawn under letters of credit. It is an evidence of the fact that the exporter has dispatched the goods and gives the exporter title to the goods and enables him to collect them on arrival at the destination. The bill of lading is more like a transferable debenture. It is a document signed and issued by the shipping company or its agent acknowledging the receipt of specified goods for carriage and embodying an undertaking that the goods will be delivered to a consignee named in the bill, or to his order or assigns, or merely to order. The document specifies the port of shipment, the destination, and the conditions under which the goods are received for carriage.

Clean and Clausedbill of leading:

A bill of lading that indicates that the goods are in apparent good condition without any without any qualification is known as a clean bill of lading. If, on the other hand, it bears some remark relating to a defect in packing, such as three bags torn, some cases broken, received in dampened condition, goods not sufficiently packed, etc., it is known as a foul or dirty bill of lading. It is also known as a clause bill of lading. A caused bill of lading is not an acceptable document, unless specifically provided for in the sale and purchase contract. Such remarks protect the carrier against any claim for losses attributable to bad packing. They also protect everyone else who comes in possession of the bill of lading for value.

Invoice The invoice is the important document of the letter of credit. It is the sellers bill for themerchandise. In other words, the invoice is a document containing the description of thegoods shipped, their marks, make, quantity, and prices, charges for packing, freight,insurance etc. as are applicable as per terms of the contract as well as the name of thecarrying vessel and the date of sailing. There are different types of invoices in use. Suchas: The Commercial Invoice The commercial invoice is a statement of accounts drawn by the seller address to thebuyer giving the details of the amount stated therein which is based on the terms of thecontract entered into between the buyer and the seller. The exporter must dully sign acommercial invoice.Details found in a typical commercial invoice are name and address of the buyer and theseller, the vessel of shipment, port of discharge etc. Also the shipment import and exportpermit numbers, the number of contract and invoice and other essential details of thetransaction are recorded on the invoice. The financial terms of the sale, such as whetherunder letter of credit, sight drafts etc., are given. The number of packages and theidentifying mark and numbers of them are clearly indicated. The goods contained in thepackages are detailed and prices are given item by item. The commercial invoice isneither a document of title, nor it is negotiable. Its main utility is that it acts as a bookdevice for both seller and buyer. The Consular Invoice Another special type of invoice named consular invoices are required depending upon thetrade regulations in importing country. It is made out in a prescribed format, certified andsigned by an individual of the importers country national working as a consulate in theexporter country. In some cases it is also seen that exporters own invoice is authenticatedby the embassy or consulate instead of issuing consular invoice. This type of invoice iscalled legalized invoice. The Certified Invoice

Certified invoice is an invoice, which bears a signed statement, by someone in theimporters country who have inspected the goods and found them in accordance withthose specified in the contract.

The Certificate of Origin The regulations in force in some countries require a certificate of origin of importedgoods to be produced before clearance of by customs and assessment of duty. Thecertificate is usually required where goods from certain countries receive preferentialtreatment, or the import of goods from some countries is partially or wholly prohibited.This is generally issued by the Chambers of Commerce of the exporting country and isarranged by the exporter. Sometimes, the certificate of origin is endorsed on the back of the relative invoice, in which case the whole document is known as a certified invoice. The Packing List A packing list serves to indicate the exact nature, quantity, and quality of the contents of each package in a shipment. The list helps the importer to identify the goods and check them against his order. Banks may require such a list when they have financial interest inthe merchandise. Clearance of goods through customs is also facilitated by packing list. The Other Certificates Some other certificates are also required with of particular commodities. A weightcertificate, signed by a public agency, is often necessary with goods sold in bulk, suchgrains, oils and similar products. The importing country may insist on a food inspectioncertificate from an official inspecting service of the exporting country when certainfoodstuffs of perishable nature such as meat, edible fats etc., are imported. A non-dumping certificate showing the comparative difference in the domestic and exportselling prices, is sometimes required with imports in some countries to ensure that goodsare not being sold at very much lower prices in the importing countries than the domesticmarkets of the exporting country. Inspection Certificate This is normally issued by an independent inspection company located in the exportingcountry certifying or describing the quality, specification or other aspects of the goods, ascalled for in the contract and/or the L/C. Quality Control Certificate

Sometimes the sale contract may demand a certificate issued by a standards institute orquality control agency in the exporting country indicating the quality of the merchandiseshipped. This is known as a quality control certificate. GSP Certificate When tariff concession is sought from those developing countries providing preferentialtreatment to exporters of the developing countries, a GSP certificate should be obtainedfrom the Export Promotion Bureau (EPB). Besides the usual shipping documents requiredunder the Letter of Credit or a contract entered into, the shipping documents in ourcountry are incomplete without being supported by Exchange Control Forms.

38 Non-shipping Documents There are a number of other documents, which have importance in dispatch of goods inforeign trade. A brief discussion on these documents is given below: The Documentary Letter of Credit A Letter of Credit is issued by a bank (Issuing Bank) at the request of an importer(applicant) in favor of an exporter (beneficiary) from whom the importer has contractedto purchase some commodity or commodities. The importer, the exporter, and the issuingbank are, thus, obviously parties to a Letter of Credit. There is, however, one or morethan one bank that is involved in various capacities and at various stages to play animportant role in the total operation of the credit. The Ships Reports In the ships report the following information is found:(a) The name of the ship.(b) The name of the registered port and the registration number.(c) Nationality of the ship owner or the name of the state belonging to the ship. (d) The name of the loading port.(e) The name of the captain of the ship or the principal of the ship.(f) Number of the employees and the officers of the ships.(g) Reports of things used by the employees, captain and officers of the ship.(h) Detail reports of the transported merchandise.(i) The name and address of the exporter. FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROVIDED BY THE BANKS In international trade the most two important terms are the export and the import. As themostly dependable financial institution banks are in a position to provide sufficientfinancial assistance to the importer and more commonly

the exporter so as to conformsmooth flow of a large bulk of foreign trade.Now a day, both the importers and the exporters of our country receive and/or enjoy aconsiderable amount of financial assistance from commercial banks and other financialinstitutions.

Pre-Shipment Finance Pre-shipment finance in taka, more popularly known as Packing Credit Advance, isshort-term working capital finance specially provided to an exporter against thedocumentary evidence of having entered into export commitments. The packing credit isgranted at a pre-shipment stage, i.e., at the stage prior to the goods being shipped and thecredit is given for procuring raw material, for paying manufacturing and packing chargesand payment of insurance premium and freight. As and when the goods are shipped andshipping documents are obtained, the pre-shipment finance is to be liquidated against theproceeds of export documents tendered.

39 Post-Shipment Finance The post-shipment finance is the financial facility extended by the banks after the goodshave been shipped and against the submission of export documents evidencing thedispatch of goods. Post-shipment finance portfolio is in existence since the dayinternational trade has been known, but more precisely after the First World War. Afterthat the international trade is ever increasing, and the shipping documents against whichthe exporters are getting financial facilities are well accepted. 3.2.2 FOREIGN REMITTANCE According to Foreign Exchange Regulation Act 1947, the commercial banks or theauthorized dealer who has the Bangladesh Bank authorization can do Foreign Exchange.According to this Act, TC (Traveler Cheque), Drafts are included in Foreign Exchange.SIBL, Foreign Exchange Branch provides its customer with the foreign remittancefacilities by issuing Foreign Demand Drafts, Traveler Cheque, Endorsing passport forcash etc. Travelers Cheque It is the safest way to carry money from one country to another. It can be change in anycountry of the world. Even if the Traveler Cheque (TC) is lost

then the holder of the T.Ccan inform it to the bank and the bank will inform it to the agencies so that no one can en-cash the T.C while issuing a Traveler Cheque (T.C) a signature is needed, so that no onecan encash it except the holder and also another signature is needed in encashment infront of the banker. So Traveler Cheque (T.C) is the safest way to carry outside the homecountry. A customer is permitted to endorse maximum US$ 3000 per year for travel incountries other than SAARC countries and US$ 1000 for travel in SAARC countries. If SAARC countries are to be visited by road then maximum US$ 500 can be endorsed perpassport per year. At a time cash cannot be endorsed over US$ 500. Issue of Travelers Cheque There are some requirements, which are to be fulfilled by the TC publisher:1. Passport holder himself to be present to issue TC purchasing.2. The passport has to be a valid one.3. Air ticket has to be confirmed.4. Steps involved in issue of TC:5. After verifying all these documents, the customer as asked to fill up prescribedapplication form.6. In the application the customer states the amount he is willing to endorse and it isto be verified that his required amount is within the stipulated amount.7. Then the customer pays cash or by debiting hid account the Travelers Cheque isissued. 40 8. Endorsement is given on the passport and on the ticket. Customer fills up theTravel and miscellaneous form.9.

Purchase application form is prepared and handed over to the purchaser along withthe Traveler Cheque.10. Entry is given in three registers: Foreign Currency Issue Register, TravelersCheque On Hand Register and Foreign Currency In Hand Register. Payment of Travelers Cheque When a customer wants to encase his TC, he has to show his passport and it is to beverified from the passport that he has traveled outside the country. Then -1. The TC will have to be scrutinized very strictly;2. If everything in the TC is in order then the customer will be asked to givesignature on the place of Counter Signature;3. If the signature agrees with the one in place of the signature of the holder thenthe payment will be made through giving cash to the customer or crediting his A/c;4. Travelers Cheque will be crossed and endorsement given on the back of thereceived TC. Endorsement of Cash Cash Foreign Currency can also be remitted through endorsement in the passport. In caseof endorsing cash on passport, the requirements are same as in case of travelers cheque.But the only exception is that the passport holder is not required to be present by himself. Foreign Currency Account The accounts maintained in foreign currencies are known as foreign currency account.The Authorized Dealers may open foreign currency accounts in the names of followingswithout prior approval from Bangladesh Bank.a) Bangladesh nationals residing abroad.b) Foreign nationals residing in Bangladesh and also the foreign firms registeredabroad and operating in Bangladesh or abroad.c) Foreign Missions and their expatriate employees.Branches are mainly deals with two types of foreign currency accounts, namely:a)

Non-Resident Foreign Currency Deposit Account (NFCD).b) Resident Foreign Currency Deposit Account (RFCD). Non-Resident Foreign Currency Deposit Account (NFCD) All nonresident Bangladesh nationals and persons of Bangladesh origin including thosehaving dual nationality and ordinarily residing abroad, may maintain interest bearing timedeposit accounts named Not-Resident Foreign Currency deposit (NFCD)Accounts withthe Ads. 41 Eligible persons a. Bangladesh nationals working and earning abroad.b. Bangladesh nationals serving with Embassies /High Commission of Bangladesh inforeign countries including officers /Staff of Govt. / Semi Govt.Autonomous/nationalized sector posted/ deputed abroad.c. Shore staff posted abroad (Crew of BSC not entitled).d. Foreign nationals and companies registered and /or incorporated abroad, institutionalinvestors and 100% (Hundred Percent) Foreign owned industrial unit of EPZ(Minimum Amount USD 25000/- or equivalent). Resident Foreign Currency Deposit (RFCD) Ordinary resident of Bangladesh may open and maintain Resident Foreign CurrencyDeposit (RFCD) accounts with foreign exchange brought-in at the time of their returnfrom travel abroad. Any amount brought in with declaration to Custom Authorities inform FMJ and up to US$ 5000/brought in without any declaration can be credited tosuch accounts. Deposit The depositors must submit a declaration mentioning the date of return from abroad andthe amount of Foreign exchange brought in at the time of crediting to RFCD account tothe effect that Foreign exchange (i) is not a receipt against export of goods or servicesfrom Bangladesh (ii) is not a commission due from abroad arising from business in Bangladesh


One of the core functions of commercial banks is to create the claim against individualborrower or real the purpose of sanctioning credit. Bank grants loan in the form of different securities. By the primary security, we mean the financial claim of holderagainst the real sector of economy. In banking the sector, the financial claim of bank against issuer, (called investors, borrowers and deficit units). This core function of a bank is performed by the credit department of the bank. In this case, the relationship of bank and customer is that of the creditor and debtor. 3.3.1. Types of loans and Advances offered by SIBL Types of advancesCode Interest rate Features SecuredOverdraft(SOD)14 11.25%-16% Continuous advance facility given for one year butcan be renewed after the expiry of the time. Givenagainst I.C.B. unit, FDB, Sanchaypatras and Work Orders.Loan (General) 13 12%-16% Given against Personal guarantee, Hypothecation of goods and land and building.HouseBuildingLoan (staff)12 7% Given against Personal guarantee, land and building.HouseBuildingLoan (General) 24 12.75%-16% Given against Personal guarantee, land and building.TransportLoan (Staff)32 7% Given against Personal guarantee and Hypothecationof vehicles.TransportLoan (General) 17 15% Given against Personal guarantee and Hypothecationof vehicles.DemandLoan16 7%-14.5% Given against Personal guarantee, and cash collateralsecurities.IndustrialCredit22 12.5%-16% Given against land and building along withmachinery, Personal guarantee of Directors andHypothecation of raw materials.Cash Credit (Hypothecation) 18 11%-16% A short term arrangement by which a customer isallowed to borrow money up to a certain limit issanctioned by the bank for a certain time. Givenagainst Registered mortgage of land and building,hypothecation of goods and personal guarantee of Directors.Past DueBills31 15% Given against Bills Receivables.Loan againstTrustReceipt(LTR)15 11%-15% Advance allowed for retirement of shippingdocuments and release of goods imported throughL/C. The goods are handed over to the importerunder trust with the arrangement that sale proceedsshould be deposited to liquidate the advances withina given period. Given against Bills Receivables,hypothecation of imported goods, Trust receipt,personal guarantee, and registered mortgage of landand building.

43 3.3.2. Procedure for Giving Advance 1) The potential borrower will submit application to SIBL for loan by filling up of aspecific Application form.The Application form (request for Credit Limit) contains following particulars:a) Name of the Borrower-----b) A/C No.-------------c) Bunnies address (with telephone no.) [Residential address and Permanentaddress]--------d) Introducers name, A/C no. & address-----e) Date of establishment/ incorporation------f) Trade license number, date and expiry date (Photocopy of trade licenseenclosed)--------g) GIR/TR no. & amount of income tax paid last year------h) Constitution/ Status (Mention whether sole proprietorship/ partnership/ PublicLtd. company/ Private Ltd. company)--------i) Particulars of individual/ Proprietor/ Partners/ Directors (Name &Designation, fathers/ Husbands name, present & permanent address withTelephone no., % of shares held)------- j)

Experience and background of Individual/Proprietors/ Partners/ Directors------k) Full particulars of assets in the personal name of Individual/ Proprietor/ Partners/ Directors with valuation-----------l) Names of Subsidiaries/ Affiliates, percentage of share holding and nature of business---------m) Nature and details of business/ products (for which credit facility is appliedfor), Markets (Present market price per unite, Factory price), Estimated salesfor next one year............n) Credit facilities required (type, amount, period, purpose, and mode of adjustment)..........o) Details of securities offered with estimated value (Primary security, Collateralsecurity, market value of the security)..........p) Details of liabilities in the name of the client or in the name of any otherpartners/Directors or Subsidiaries/Affiliates Nature of advance, amount,security and validity of limit).....q) Balance Sheet/ Income Statement of Statement of Accounts of the followingyears attached (Preferably last 3 years)........r) Other relevant information.........s) Proposed debt/equity ratio.........t) Signature of the Applicant.............. 44 2) After receiving the loan application form, SIBL sends a letter to Bangladesh Bank forobtaining a report from there. This report is called CIB (Credit information Bureau)report. This report is usually collects this report if the loan amount exceeds Tk. 50Lac. But SIBL usually collects this report if the

loan amount exceeds Tk.10 Lac. Thepurpose of this report is to being informed that whether the borrower has taken loanfrom any other bank; if yes then whether these loans are classified or not.3) After receiving CIB report if the Bank thinks that the prospective borrower will be agood borrower, then the bank will scrutinize the documents. In this stage, the Bank will look whether the documents are properly filled up and signed.4) Then comes processing stage. In this stage, the Bank will prepare a Proposal containsfollowing informationa) Name of the Borrowerb) Nature of Limitc) Purpose of Limitd) Extent of Limite) Securityf) Marging) Rate of Interesth) RepaymentBranch incumbent (Local Office Br.) has the discretionary power to sanction loan (SOD)up to Tk. 25 Lac against financial obligations by informing Head Office. But in that case,the Branch Manager has to give attention to the following matters:The interest rate of the loan must not be less than 4.5% andThe borrower must maintain 10% margin.Except this case, the branch has to send the proposal to the Head Office. Head Office willprepare a minute and submit it before the Executive Committee (EC). The minute has tobe passed by EC. After passing the minute, it will be sent to Bangladesh Bank forapproval in case of following:If the proposed limit exceeds 15% of Banks equity;If the proposed limit against cash collateral securitiesexceeds 25% of Banks equity.5)

After the sanction advice, Bank will collect necessary documents (chargedocuments). These documents are--------a) Joint Promissory Noteb) Single Promissory Notec) Letter of Disbursement Letter Undertakingd

45 3.3.3. Feasibility Report This report is from borrowers point of view. He prepares this report and submitted to thebank. 3.3.4 Credit Line Proposal In this step of the term loan the branch sends a credit line proposal to the head office forapproval of the term loan. The credit line proposal contains the following particulars: Fresh/Renewal/Revision of the term loan Borrower name Types of business Capital structure

Particulars of previous transaction Movement of the accounts Liabilities of sister concerns 3.3.5. Project Appraisal It is the reinvestment analysis done by the banker before a project he approved. Projectappraisal in the banking sector needed for the following reasons: To justify the soundness of an investment To ensure repayment of bank finance To achieve organizational goals To recommend if the project is not designed properly 3.3.6. Techniques of Project Appraisal An appraisal is a systematic exercise to establish that the proposed project is a viablepreposition. The appraising officer checks the various details submitted by the promoterin first information sheet, credit application form, feasibility report. SIBL considers thefollowing aspects in apprising:1. Entrepreneur2. Viability of the projectA. Technical viability (location and site of the project).B. Commercial viability (This study indicates evaluation of a projectsfeasibility in terms of market).C. Financial viability.D.

Economic Viability.E. Management and organization viability 46 3.3.7 Lending Risk Analysis (LRA) Lending Risk Analysis (LRA) is a technique by which the risk of the loan is calculated.Banker must analyze LRA when loan application is above 1 core. This analysis is done byexperienced people of Credit department in SIBL. It is a ranking whose total score is 140.Among this score, 120 is for Total Business Risk and 20 for Total Security Risk.In case of business risk, if the score falls---------Between 13-19, then------- Poor risk Between 20-26, then --------Acceptable risk Between 27-34, then-----Marginal risk Over 34, then ------ Good risk.In case of security risk, if the score fallBetween 20 to 15 thenBetween 14 to 0, then ------------ Acceptable risk Between 0 to 10, then -------------Marginal risk Over 10, then -----------------Good risk.In LRA, following aspects are analyzedSupplies risk 1) Sales risk 2) Performance risk 3) Resilience risk 4) Management ability.5) Level of Managerial teamwork 6) Management competent risk 7) Management integrity risk 8) Security control risk 10) Security risk cover. 3.3.8. Securities SIBL charges the following two types of security,1. Primary security2.

Collateral security. 3.3.9. Document and Documentation A document is a written statement of facts of proof or evidence arising out of particulartransaction which placement may bind the parties there to answerable and liable to thecourt of law for satisfaction of the change in question. The execution of documents inproper form and according to the law is known as documentation. 47 Steps in documentation Obtaining the documents. Stamping (Stamp Act-1899) Witnessing. Execution of Documents. Registration of Documents (assignment on the body of an insurance Policy,Mortgage deed, Advance to a limited company etc.) Common Compulsory Documents Letter of Acceptance about the terms and conditions laid down in SanctionAdvice. D.P. Note (Depending on the types of borrowers) Letter of Arrangement.Besides, there are other documents that are to be obtained depending on the types of Advance. Such asIn case of loan

1. Letter of Disbursement.2. Letter of Authority (if required)3. Letter of Hypothecation (when goods are hypothecated as security)4. Insurance Policy (if required).5. Any other document as stated in Sanction Advice. In case of overdraft 1. Letter of Continuity.2. Letter of Authority (if required)3. Letter of Hypothecation (when goods are hypothecated as security)4. Insurance Policy (if required)5. Any other document as stated in Sanction Advice. In case of cash credit 1. Letter of Continuity.2. Letter of Authority (if required)3. Letter of Pledge/Hypothecation.4. Insurance Policy under Banks Mortgage clause.5. Letter of disbursement incase of renewed go down.6. Any other document as stated in Sanction Advice. Transport Loan 1.

Letter of hypothecation of vehicles (in separate form)2. Photocopy of blue book 3. Photocopy of rote permit4. Insurance policy under Banks mortgage clause Legal Mortgage 1. Mortgage deed (certified copy)2. Registration receipt in3. Chain of documents for title (original if available)4. C.S,S.A and R.S parcha5. Up to date Rent Receipt6. Non-encumbrance certificate7. Power of Attorney (if asked for)8. Legal opinion9. Valuation Certificate10. Location plan etc./Site plan etc Equitable mortgage 1. Chain of documents for title2. original title deed3. C.S, S.A A and R.S parcha4. Up to date Rent Receipt5.

Memorandum of deposit of title deed6. Registered power of Attorney7. Legal opinion8. Valuation Certificate9. Location plan etc10. Non-encumbrance Certificate 3.3.10 Credit Monitoring, Follow-up and Supervision SIBL Officer checks on the following points:1. The borrowers behavior of turnover2. The information regarding the profitability, liquidity, cash flow situationand trend in sales in maintaining various ratios. 3.3.11. Loan Classification Like other banks, all types of loans of SIBL fall into following four scales:1. Unclassified: Repayment is regular.2. Substandard: Repayment is stopped or irregular but has reasonable prospectof improvement.3. Doubtful debt: Unlikely to be repaid but special collection efforts may resultin partial recovery.4. Bad/Loss: very little chance of recovery. 3.3.12. Provision Type of classification Rate of provision Type of classification Rate of provision Unclassified 1% Doubtful 50%Substandard 20% Bad debt 100%

49 3.3.13 Statements Prepared by the Credit Department Monthly Statements prepared by Credit Department for Bangladesh Bank.Quarterly Statements prepared by Credit Department for Bangladesh Bank.Monthly Statements prepared by Credit Department for Head Office. 3.3.14 Deviations between Theories and Practices Following dissimilarities have been observed in the credit department:1. In case of method of granting security against loan, hypothecation is much risky ascompared with other charging security. But it is being used massively in SIBL LocalOffice Br. It is risky because neither the ownership nor possession is passed on it, onlya right or interest in the goods is created in favor of the bank. Theoretically, bank provides two types of credit facilities--- direct facilities (funded) and indirect facilities(non-funded). But bank is being covered indirect facilities fully but not direct facilities.For example, Demand Loan is not available in bank practically.2. In case of mortgage, only equitable and legal mortgage are commonly used as thecharging security in immovable property but theoretically there are another types of mortgage like mortgage by the condition of sales, English mortgage, fractural andanomalous mortgage are not applied in practice.

50 ONLINE BANKING Information technology (I.T.) is a well known word, The developed countries of theworld reached to the peak of information technology. SIBL have no alternative to expandof information technology. Tight now, SIBL are facing uneven competition with manyforeign banks in the country. For this, SIBL will have to take necessary preparation formthis moment.Information Technology and Flow of Information is become very important in the presentworld. Social Islami Bank needs to develop all their banking transaction with the help of this technology and need to introduce online banking. 4.1 What is Online Banking? Most people heard a lot about online banking but probably haven't tried it themselves.People still pay their bills and deposit checks at banks branch, much the way theirparents did. They might shop online for a loan, life

insurance or a home mortgage, butwhen it comes time to commit, people can feel more comfortable working with his bankeror an agent they know and trust.Online banking isn't out to change ones money habits. Instead, it uses today's computertechnology to give people the option of bypassing the timeconsuming, paper-basedaspects of traditional banking in order to manage finances more quickly and efficiently. 4.2 Origin of Online Banking The advent of the Internet and the popularity of personal computers presented both anopportunity and a challenge for the banking industry.For years, financial institutions have used powerful computer networks to automatemillions of daily transactions; today, often the only paper record is the customer's receiptat the point of sale. Now that its customers are connected to the Internet via personalcomputers, banks envision similar economic advantages by adapting those same internalelectronic processes to home use. 4.3 Brick-to-Click Banks Today, most large national banks, many regional banks and even smaller banks and creditunions offer some form of online banking, variously known as PC banking, homebanking, electronic banking or Internet banking. Those that do are sometimes referred toas "brick-to-click" banks, both to distinguish them from brick-and-mortar banks that haveyet to offer online banking, as well as from online or "virtual" banks that have no physicalbranches or tellers whatsoever.The challenge for the banking industry has been to design this new service channel insuch a way that its customers will readily learn to use and trust it. After all, banks havespent generations earning our trust; they aren't about to risk that on a Web site that isfrustrating, confusing or less than secure Most of the large banks now offer fully secure, fully functional online banking for free orfor a small fee. Some smaller banks offer limited access or functionality; for instance, youmay be able to view your account balance and history but not initiate transactions online.As more banks succeed online and more customers use their sites, fully functional onlinebanking likely will become as commonplace as automated teller machines. 4.4 Virtual Banks If anybody don't mind foregoing the teller window, lobby cookie and kindly bank president, a "virtual" or e-bank may save very real money. Virtual banks are bankswithout bricks; from the customer's perspective, they exist entirely on the Internet, wherethey offer pretty much the same range of

services and adhere to the same federalregulations as corner bank.Virtual banks pass the money they save on overhead like buildings and tellers along toyou in the form of higher yields, lower fees and more generous account thresholds. 4.5 SIBL will get Advantage from Online Banking Convenience: Unlike a corner bank, online banking sites never close; they'reavailable 24 hours a day, seven days a week and they're only a mouse click away. Ubiquity: If anybody out of state or even out of the country when a moneyproblem arises, he can log on instantly to his online bank and take care of business, 24/7. Transaction speed: Online bank sites generally execute and confirm transactions ator quicker than ATM processing speeds. Efficiency: One can access and manage all of his bank accounts, including IRAs,CDs, even securities, from one secure site. Effectiveness: Many online banking sites now offer sophisticated tools, includingaccount aggregation, stock quotes, rate alerts and portfolio managing programshelps to manage all of the assets more effectively. Most are also compatible withmoney managing programs such as Quicken. 4.6 Feature that can be gives in SIBL Online Banking Making payments Tracking payments Stop payments by block cheque

Review personal account details, including balances and transactions Pay bills online with the optional Online Bill Payment service View images (front and back) of cleared checks and deposit slips Receive e-mail notifications to alert to selected account activity Schedule single one-time transfers or multiple transfers 52 Set up email notifications to be sent for balance amounts, specific checkscleared or maturity dates Transfer money Open Accounts Apply for loans Make loan payments 53 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS5.1 Performance of the Bank (SIBL): A brief review of the activities I take this opportunity to place before you the present overall operational activities of theBank as follows:a)

Alhamdulillah during 2008 Bank has made a net profit after tax of Tk. 202,068,294 after providing provision as per requirements of Bangladesh Bank.Business performance of 2009 shall be much better, inshallah.b) The growth rate in formal sector-Deposit in 2008 was significant, based on actualexpected growth rate of deposit in 2008would be much better.c) Banking with the poor (that is mainly with street children and poor family) undermicro credit and micro enterprise under family empowerment credit programactivities is increase very rapidly Deposit Deposit of the Bank was increased to Tk.19, 753,940,163 million during 2008 againsttotal deposit of Tk. 16,170,514,627 million in 2007, compared to growth rate of 22.16 %in the Banking Sector of the country. In view of the fact that the main target group of SIBL is lower and middle class people, this model of Banking is capable of absorbingabnormal fluctuation of stock market due to this target group of depositors. Investment Bangladesh experienced worst flood in the century and volatile economic situation duringthe year under report, investment activities stood Tk16,440,259,305 million in varioussector as at the end of 31 st December, 2008.as against Tk.15,312901,478 million in 2007Alhamdulillah, there was no as such overdue or classified investment as at 31 st December,2008. Liquidity Liquidity maintained in the form of cash in hand and balance with Bangladesh Bank including foreign currency notes stood at Tk.1, 702,267,359 million as at 31 st December,2008 against Tk. 1,384,245,001 million last year. Total liquidity increased wasTk.318022358 million. Balance held with other banks stood at Tk.4, 602,084,949 millionas on 31 st December, 2008 as against Tk 1, 572,218,612 million last year.

Foreign Exchange Business Foreign Exchange Business stood at Tk.23903.80million in 2008 as against Tk.23280.00million in 200. The breaks up of foreign exchange business are as follows:
Taka in million

particula r Import Export remittan ce total

2003 11124. 85
2287.64 107.57 13520.0 7

2004 14908. 90

2005 13363. 07

2006 11576. 71

11791. 00

13482. 30

Growt h Rate
14.34 % -0.0702 -40.65 2.67 %