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Mass and Change Lab

Tobin Mathew, Muhammad Rehman, Joshua Jimison, Question: Does a change in matter affect the mass of an object?

Experiments: 1. Steel wool (Change of volume) We received a piece of steel wool on a paper plate, and measured its mass. Then we took the steel wool and pulled it, thus expanding it volume. We re-measured it and recorded the change in mass.

2. Ice melting at room temperature We received a pipette that was filled with water and then frozen. We measured the mass and then left it in a beaker to melt into liquid state. Once it had completely melted, we measured the mass and recorded the change.

3. Solution 1 and Solution 2 (Precipitate Formation) We received 2 beakers filled with unknown solutions. We measured the mass of the two solutions and then we combined the solutions together. We then measured the mass of the new solution and recorded our findings.

4. Steel Wool (Heating/Burning) We received a piece of steel wool a paper plate, and a lighter. We measured the mass, and then proceeded to burn the steel wool. After heating the steel wool we measured the mass and recorded the change.

5. Dissolving sugar in water We received a container of sugar and a beaker of room temperature water. We measured the mass of the two and then combined them. We mixed the solution until all of the sugar had dissolved and then measured and recorded the change.

6. Alka-Seltzer reaction to water We received an Alka-Seltzer tablet and a beaker of water. We measured the mass of the two, and then added the tablet to the water. We waited for the reaction to stop and then measured the mass and recorded the change.

Data : Experiment # Group 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 -.1 -.2 -.375 3 0 0 -1.5 0 0 +.81 4 0 0 +1.5 0 +.4 +.2 5 -.3 0 0 0 -.6 +5.3 6 -.3 -1.25 -.45 -.3 -.2 +5.1

Diagram of Matter at atomic level


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Conclusion: All of the experiments we took part in today manipulated the matter in various substances, but only some showed a change in mass. The experiments that did not show a change in matter were the experiments that were physical changes. In these experiments nothing entered and nothing left the substance so matter was not transferred. However experiments 2 and 6 showed a difference in mass in our groups results. Experiment 2 dealt with the mass change as a result of change in state of matter of a substance. The ice we received, when melted and measured, showed a decrease of .1 grams. This loss of mass could be a result of the way we handled the ice as it melted. We may have unintentionally caused the pipette to expel some of the water. The other experiment that showed a change was experiment 6. Experiment 6 was the reaction of Alka-Seltzer with the room temperature water. The mass dropped .3 grams, because the reaction triggered a state change, and expelled some gas. Some of the matter was lost through the gas. These changes all affect the mass differently because of the law of conservation of matter, which states that matter cannot me destroyed, it can only be rearranged or transferred. The chemical changes produced change, and the physical changes had no effect. This means that manipulating the matter does not always affect the mass, only if matter is lost or transferred.

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