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JEUNESSE MILITANTE 2010-2011 BILAN

Contents
JEUNESSE MILITANTE 2010-2011 .......................................................................................................................... 1 BILAN ..................................................................................................................................................................... 1 Activites ................................................................................................................................................................. 4 Tracts ..................................................................................................................................................................... 7 Outdoor Communication .................................................................................................................................... 10 Publication .......................................................................................................................................................... 14 Sances de Formation ......................................................................................................................................... 16
Dans la Presse:

..................................................................................................................................................... 17

Sur les ondes: ...................................................................................................................................................... 21 Articles dopinion ................................................................................................................................................ 21 Out of sync 30/08/2011 Lexpress quotidien (The case for direct democracy) .............................................. 22 BASIC LABOUR STANDARD: The case for the introduction of a minimum wage (Le Mauricien 29.08.2011) 23 LE SYSTME DE QUOTA: Progrs pour les femmes, recul pour la mritocratie (Le Mauricien 17.08.2011) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 24 Thursday, August 11, 2011 .............................................................................................................................. 25 Et quel sera le prochain episode de la saga medpoint? par Nooreeda Khodabocus Le Mauricien 11/08/11 25 LINTRIGUE PRINCIPALE: Et quel sera le prochain pisode de la saga Medpoint ? ............................................ 25 on n'est pas dupe! by Fabiani Balisson/Le Mauricien 09/08/2011................................................................. 27 ENGAGEMENT DES JEUNES: Redonner la politique sa dignit et sa raison dtre ...................................... 27 Political Science: Broadening the A-level criteria at the UOM ....................................................................... 30 Introduction du crole lcole : un cas de politique linguistique ................................................................. 31 Introduction du Creole a L'ecole: Un cas de politique linguistique/Nooreeda Khodabocus/Le Mauricien22.07.11 .......................................................................................................................................... 32 PREMIRE PARTIE: Introduction du crole lcole : un cas de politique linguistique ...................................... 32 Nooreeda Khodabocus* ...................................................................................................................................... 32 (Jeunesse Militante) ............................................................................................................................................ 32 Uplifting Mauritian Politics/July 20th 2011/L'Express .................................................................................... 34 The Answers ........................................................................................................................................................ 35 Ile Maurice le Paradis en perdition/16 Juillet 2011/Le Mauricien .................................................................. 36 Sortir du ghetto ............................................................................................................................................... 37 Accidents de la route: a qui la faute? Le Mauricien 9 juillet 2011 .................................................................. 38 Why Mauritianism matters L'Express 08.07.11............................................................................................ 39 Not quite an ersatz of paradise ....................................................................................................................... 39

Managing perception ...................................................................................................................................... 40 Who are we? ................................................................................................................................................... 40 [2] Islamic Revivalism and Political Opposition among Minority Muslims by O Hollup (1996) ................. 40 Homosexuality Centralising the debate/N.A.F/Le Mauricien 5.07.11 ............................................................ 41 Education, Politics, Will!! Le Mauricien 11/06/2011 ...................................................................................... 42 Ecology and Sustainable Development 2 / The Way Forward by Najeeb Fokeerbux Le Mauricien 28.05.2011 ......................................................................................................................................................................... 43 Ecology and Sustainable Development / The Way Forward by Najeeb Fokeerbux Le Mauricien 27.05.2011 ......................................................................................................................................................................... 44 Ecology and sustainable development (1) NAJEEB FOKEERBUX (on behalf of La Jeunesse Militante) ......... 44 Au royaume des aveugles, le borgne est Roi Par FABIANI BALISSON ............................................................. 46 Depi mo lizier cinik/le mauricien 19.04.11...................................................................................................... 47 Politique : je t'aime, moi non plus !/ Le Mauricien 28/03/2011 ..................................................................... 48 POLITICAL LYING LIARS V/S OUR NATION YOUTH - L'Express Weekly 25/03/2011........................................ 49 But the blame cannot rest upon you by Chetan Ramchurn on behalf of La Jeunesse Militante/ Le Mauricien 21/03/11 ......................................................................................................................................................... 50 Mea Culpa Patria by Fabiani Balisson on behalf of La Jeunesse Militante/ Le Mauricien 14/03/11 .............. 51 Talking about a revolution? Jeunesse Militante L'Express 11/03/2011 ......................................................... 52 Interview of a 43 year old by Kugan Parapen on behalf of La Jeunesse Militante/ Le Mauricien 09/03/11 .. 53 3 Credits to the Minister of Education, Hip Hip Hip Hourahh by Kugan Parapen/MMM Youth Wing/L'Express Dimanche 06/02/11............................................................................................................... 54 My Mauritian Dream By Ridwaan Beehary/Lexpress 04..02/2011 ................................................................. 55 Medpoint and the Power Syndrome in Mauritius/L'Express 01.02.2011 by the MMM Youth Wing ............. 56 Young People and Politics/L'Express Weekly/14/01/2011 ............................................................................. 57 Oh Vision, Where art thou? L'Express Dimanche 12/12/2010 ....................................................................... 58 System Error .................................................................................................................................................... 58 Of public education ...................................................................................................................................... 59 Empowering the citizen ...................................................................................................................................... 59 Fairness and The Mauritian Dream ..................................................................................................................... 59 Mauritius the flawed economic model/By Kugan Parapen/L'Express Weekly 19.11.2010 ............................ 60 The Young Politician's Pledge/L'Express Weekly ............................................................................................ 61

Activites

Tracts

Outdoor Communication

Publication

Sances de Formation
September 10: Dbats autour introduction QUOTA MINIMUM REPRESENTATION DES FEMMES DANS LA POLITIQUE avec Dany Perrier et Louis Steven Obeegadoo. July 30: Reforme Electorale avec comme invite Ivan Collendavelloo Saturday, July 16 1:00pm - 3:30pm, Dr Aubeeluck Transport issues July 2: Situation economique, democratization de leconomie avec Kee Chong Li Kwong Wing Saturday June 18, 1300-1300, debats cooncernants banes reformes dans banes municipalits et aussi banes disctrict councils, Invit: Joe LESJONGARD (deput MMM dans no.4 et ancien ministre des Collectivits Locales et de l'Administration Regional). Saturday, June 4 1:00pm - 3:00pm Mr Habib Mosaheb Ex Membre du MMM sur les premieres annees du MMM. Saturday, May 21 1:00pm - 3:00pm Invit: ANANDA RAJOO (ex-advisor Ministere l'Environement) Saturday, April 9 12:30pm - 3:00pm Invite: Raj Nuckchady (Avocat et membre du Bureau Politique du MMM), Theme: LES JEUNES ET LE MONDE DU TRAVAIL. Date: 26 Mars 2011 Heure: 13h00 Venue: QG MMM - Port Louis Theme: KOUMA TRAVAY LOR TERRAIN, Invit: Jean Claude Barbier Saturday, February 26 1315 to 1445, Theme: Techniques d'animation de groupe et leadership social, Invit spcial: Eshan Abdool Raman (expert en communication) Saturday, November 27, 2010 1:00pm - 3:00pm, Invit Special: Seilendra GOKHOOL (economiste / membre de la commission economique du MMM)

Dans la Presse:
Chetan Ramchurn: Entretien accorde a L'Express Dimanche du 26/09/2011
Vous avez t lu la prsidence de laile jeune du MMM 26 ans. On reproche souvent aux ailes jeunes de navoir pas droit au chapitre au sein des partis politiques. Quen est-il ? Il est vrai que laile jeune na pas toujours su imposer ses ides sur certains dossiers importants et cela se comprend. Il faut dire que les jeunes ont toujours t cantonns des dossiers basiques, tels que lducation, la violence etc Si elle souhaite sexprimer sur des sujets plus importants, laile jeune doit tout dabord se faonner une crdibilit. Et cest l mon objectif. Dun autre ct, le parti doit raliser que la jeunesse a un droit de regard sur des sujets dimportance national. Cest donc nous de nous imposer et de faire en sorte que nos opinions et nos ides soient prises en compte par les dirigeants. On dit que vous ne pratiquez pas la langue de bois. Faut-il reprendre cette phrase au passez ? Jai toujours t un peu rebelle. Je sais louvrir quand il le faut. Dailleurs, jai t lun des premiers prendre position contre lalliance entre le MMM et les travaillistes la veille des lections gnrales. Javoue, mme si je suis conscient que mes propos risquent de faire sourciller certains au sein du parti, que lventualit de cette alliance de circonstance ma dgout sur le moment. Jestime quun parti, quel quil soit, ne doit pas renier ses idologies et ses valeurs sous prtexte de remporter des lections. Et plus important encore, il incombe chacun de faire entendre sa voix sil pense que son parti divague. Et le MMM justement, divague-t-il encore ? Cinq mois aprs les lections, le parti ne sest toujours pas remis en question. Cette tape est cruciale si lon veut redonner au MMM les outils ncessaires pour aller de lavant. Et pour ce faire, le parti doit songer laprs Brenger. Mais aujourdhui, personne ne veut aborder ce sujet et rsultat, nous fonons droit dans le mur. Car il nous faut regarder la vrit en face : la situation est telle aujourdhui que sans Brenger, le MMM nexiste pas. Je peux me permettre de dire cela ouvertement car je ne suis pas brengiste. Je ne suis pas entr au MMM pour lui, mais pour les ides que dfend le parti. Concrtement, vous proposez quoi ? Je suis pour lorganisation de primaires qui permettrait de nouveaux dirigeants dmerger. Si on prend lexemple des Etats-Unis, cest justement ce systme qui a permis Barack Obama de se faire connatre et daccder la plus haute marche. Mais Maurice, nous sommes toujours emptrs dans le culte de la personnalit. Ici, ce sont les Ramgoolamistes contre les Brengistes et plus personne ne sintresse aux dbats dides. Je veux contribuer changer cela. Les jeunes doivent se mobiliser sils veulent que la politique volue. Vous mettez le doigt sur ce qui vous dplait au MMM. Pourquoi dans ce cas avoir accept de prsider son aile jeune ? A loccasion de la clbration des 40 ans du parti, nous eu loccasion de redcouvrir les idologies et les valeurs qui ont men la cration du MMM. Et cest ce retour aux sources qui ma redonn la motivation de faire de la politique active. Nous sommes, au MMM, dans une logique de raction. Et cest ce qui nous cantonne dans un rle critique. Nous devons aller au-del de la critique et proposer des ides nouvelles mais aussi une vision long terme. Bref, le MMM doit faire de la politique autrement. Et je pense pouvoir y contribuer. Propos recueillis par Guillaume Gouges, lexpress dimanche

Ramgoolamiste ou Berengiste
Edito de Rabin Bhujun/L'Express Dimanche/26/09/2011 Doit-on tre Ramgoolamiste pour tre membre du Parti travailliste ? Est-ce que militan koltar est la dfinition standard du mot Brengiste ? Dans un pays o tre militant dun parti signifi e avant tout jurer allgeance son leader, Chetan Ramchurn, prsident de laile jeune du MMM, donne sa dfi nition (voir page 19) de la politique locale. Ce sont les Ramgoolamistes contre les Brengistes, et plus personne ne sintresse aux dbats dides. Le propos est lapidaire. Mais notre courte histoire postindpendance nous aide comprendre pourquoi ce quavance Chetan Ramchurn nest, aprs tout, que la stricte vrit. Les faits sont diffi cilement contestables. Depuis 1968, le pouvoir politique senvisage comme un patrimoine familial. M par la rgle voulant que la direction du parti se transmette de pre en fi ls. Cest le cas chez les Ramgoolam (hormis la parenthse Satcam Boolell), les Jugnauth, les Duval. Daucuns voudraient que le MMM suive la mme logique. Quand cest le leader qui fi nit par incarner le parti, on comprend pourquoi il est ce point-l facile pour les sympathisants de se proclamer Ramgoolamistes ou Brengistes dabord, travaillistes ou militants ensuite. Le phnomne des alliances a accentu cette propension vnrer les chefs politiques. En leur confrant, au passage, lincroyable facult davoir raison en toute circonstance. Depuis lindpendance, les leaders des quatre principaux partis du pays ont ainsi dmontr quils peuvent sallier entre eux sans le moindre problme. Tant que lenjeu de lalliance demeure la prservation ou la conqute du pouvoir souvent prcdemment acquis laide dun autre partenaire ! Trs vite les leons ont t retenues partir de ce mode opratoire. Un militant MMM foncirement anti-travailliste a appris temprer sa hargne. Tout comme un camarade du MSM hostile lide de tout rapprochement avec le MMM a d, par moments, ravaler ses convictions. Lenjeu : ne pas tre pris au dpourvu et tre prt cautionner les dcisions ou volte-face du leader. Le moyen le plus efficace dy arriver est justement de se faire Ramgoolamiste, Duvaliste ou Brengiste. Cette posture permet par exemple descamoter le fait quon est anti peine de mort dans un gouvernement qui prne sa rinstauration. Ou encore faire semblant dpouser une politique conomique librale que mne le pouvoir alors quon ne jure que par le protectionnisme et linterventionnisme tatique. Cest en effet tellement plus facile de commencer sa phrase par le rituel comme le dit le leader Surtout quand on chercher viter dexprimer des opinions contradictoires. Ce fonctionnement a permis aux leaders politiques dinstaurer autour deux une culture de suivisme. Alors comment les Chetan Ramchurn peuvent-ils prtendre bousculer des murs politiques paraissant si solidement tablies ? La premire tape consiste sans doute en un retour aux valeurs fondamentales de chaque courant politique. Lapproche pragmatique du MSM. La volont travailliste dmanciper toutes les couches de la population, notamment par le travail. Ou encore la lutte du MMM pour lgalit en droit de tous les Mauriciens. Le retour aux sources nest toutefois pas si ais quon ne le pense. Un partisan MSM peut-il risquer de dire Pravind Jugnauth que son approche mollassonne vis--vis du gouverneur de la Banque de Maurice donne limpression que le principal dcideur conomique du pays se trouve la BoM Tower ? Comment dire Brenger que sa stratgie lectorale depuis 1981 est en totale contradiction avec les idaux galitaires et unitaires du MMM ? Comment confronter Navin Ramgoolam sur la question de la lutte contre la pauvret quil gre avec des arrire-penses purement politiques depuis quelques mois ? Il est vident que ceux qui oseraient tenir ce type de discours au sein de leur parti sexposeraient la vindicte de leurs camarades suivistes. Mais il est aussi probable que ce type de discours rveille quelques consciences endormies. Lanant ainsi des dbats contradictoires au sein de ces partis. De tels exercices pourraient toutefois aboutir la remise en question de telle ou telle dcision des leaders. Or, ces derniers, habitus ne pas devoir rendre des comptes ou si peu , ne tolreront sans doute que trs mal la prsence de contestataires au sein de leur parti. Deux issus possibles : ces audacieux seront ramens la raison. Ou alors jects du parti. Cest ce quil se passera si les suivistes continuent tre les membres majoritaires de nos principaux partis. Mais si ce nest pas le cas. Si des Chetan Ramchurn simposent au PTr, au PMSD ou au MMM ? La remise en question quon dit impossible au sein de notre classe politique pourrait alors arriver bien plus vite quon ne le croit

Lexpress.mu Laile jeune se runit chaque deux semaines pour discuter de sujets dactualit. Il y a une remise en question constante. Nous transmettons nos opinions sur diffrents sujets aux secrtaires gnraux du parti. Nous allons aussi la rencontre des jeunes de quatre coins de lle, soutient Fabiani Balisson. Concernant le nouveau comit excutif, il confie que cest une nouvelle quipe, avec un nouveau dynamisme, une nouvelle faon de procder. Nous voulons prendre une nouvelle approche : tre prsents dans les mdias, nous prononcer davantage sur des sujets dintrt national. Nous voulons faire passer nos ides, contribuer aux dossiers du parti, et non pas nous contenter de distribuer des banderoles, affirme le vice-prsident de laile jeune du MMM.

Lexpress quotidien/14.10.2011/Portrait
Le nouveau prsident de laile jeune du Mouvement militant mauricien (MMM) est anim de lenvie de crer une meilleure socit. Comme un souffle nouveau dans un monde de conformisme. Chetan Ramchurn est depuis peu le prsident de laile jeune du Mouvement militant mauricien (MMM). Ds sa premire interview, nos confrres de lexpress-dimanche, il na pas manqu dveiller lintrt. Son propos respire la jeunesse, lidalisme et une certaine fracheur. Pour dautres, ce ne serait que le fruit de sa navet. Il nous a accueillis son bureau dans la capitale. Jovial et souriant seraient sans aucun doute les deux adjectifs qui le dcrivent le mieux. Mais qui est Chetan Ramchurn ? Un Mauricien pur sang de 26 ans. La rponse est directe. Elle demande toutefois clarification. Quest-ce quun Mauricien ? Quelquun qui respecte les autres, qui sait ce que veut dire le mot tolrance. Moi, jai eu la chance dtre lev ainsi, dans le respect de lautre. Chetan Ramchurn a des ides, ou plutt des rves. Rver. Un verbe quil prononce souvent au fil de la conversation. Un verbe quil souhaite vivre au quotidien car la socit, telle quelle est, nest pas son got. Bien quayant fait ses tudes secondaires au Collge Royal de Curepipe, il ne cautionne pas les excs quengendre la comptition outrance. Je ntais pas souvent en classe. Je prfrais rester la maison pour lire mes bouquins. Ils taient nombreux les lves pleurer pour quelques points en moins. Il est de ceux qui rflchissent avec le coeur dabord. Lhumain est au centre de tout pour lui. Cest de cet humanisme-l que manque la politique. Sil est entr en politique, cest premirement pour essayer de la changer dy apporter sa touche. Beaucoup de gens, les jeunes surtout, disent que la politique, cest quelque chose de sale. Mais dautres sphres sont aussi, peut-tre mme plus sales que la politique. Cela ne doit pas servir dexcuse pour rester chez soi et se contenter de critiquer. Mo pa sa dimounn ki res lakaz ek kritike. La politique, Chetan Ramchurn sy intresse alors quil est encore jeune. A la maison, mes parents parlaient politique, mme sils nen faisaient pas personnellement. Cest aussi la lecture de lhistoire du MMM qui accrot son intrt. Pour changer la socit dont il dnonce les travers dans ses articles parus dans la presse ou encore sur son blog, cest dans la politique quil faut sinvestir, selon lui. Seuls les politiciens ont ce pouvoirl. De retour Maurice, aprs avoir complt son Masters in Marketing and Management luniversit de Bradford au Royaume-Uni, il rejoint donc le MMM. Nous sommes alors en 2008. Ses tudes Bradford, o il a ctoy des gens de plusieurs pays, lont personnellement beaucoup enrichi.

Tout changement socital passe, pour lui, par lducation. Cest par l que nous pourrons faire tomber les barrires raciales. Le but de lducation devrait tre de nous faire connatre lautre. Aussi, se montre-til trs critique envers notre systme ducatif. Nous navons pas appris questionner les choses. Le seul but aujourdhui est de nous faire devenir des technocrates. Tout ce quon travaille lcole, cest notre mmoire. Le Mauricien ne se pose pas les bonnes questions. Cest la finalit de lducation quon doit revoir compltement. Cest important pour pouvoir contrer les nombreux flaux qui nous guettent. De plus, dit-il, lducation est devenue un moyen de se diffrencier des autres. Tout le monde a envie de devenir mdecin ou avocat. Il existe trop dides prconues. Mme les adolescents se prennent quelque peu au jeu. Ladolescence nest plus cette priode de rbellion quelle fut jadis. La connaissance ne peut tre une commodit sur laquelle est inscrit un prix. La connaissance doit tre gratuite. Pour moi, dans la socit idale, les livres seraient gratuits. La connaissance, cest une chose noble partager. Idaliste ? Oui. Et je ne prendrais pas mal que quelquun me dise que je suis un idaliste. Ce serait mme un compliment. Cest tout fait de mon ge. Les mo reve ! A part la politique, Chetan Ramchurn a dautres passions, dont la lecture. Un vrai boulimique. Quand on le questionne sur le sujet, il nous numre les livres, les nouvelles quil a aims et leurs auteurs. Sensible, il se laisse atteindre par lmotion des mots qui re n f e r ment les traits dun personnage. Il revient ltre humain. Le jeune homme voue une certaine admiration Michel Houellebecq. Cest le meilleur auteur de notre temps. Il est capable, chaque page, de sortir une phrase culte. La plume, dailleurs, Chetan Ramchurn la manie lui-mme avec une certaine aisance. Ses articles parus dans la presse tmoignent dune belle matrise. Et cette passion, il la hrite de son pre, enseignant danglais. Outre les articles dopinion, dans lesquels il partage ses ides sur la socit, Chetan Ramchurn soffre aussi des moments de plaisir lcriture de pomes. Jai crit un pome en kreol. Cest une langue que jaime beaucoup car les mots renferment une musicalit. Rveur, pas utopiste. Seulement anim de lenvie de voir autrement.

Pour ou contre Le mauricianisme vu par les jeunes/Le Defi Quotidien


43 ans aprs lindpendance et 19 ans aprs avoir accd au statut de la Rpublique, tre Mauricien cest quoi ? Quel est le regard des jeunes sur le pays ? Comment veulent-ils faonner lavenir ? Pour rpondre ces questions, Karishma Beeharee a invit sur le plateau de lmission Pour ou Contre Chetan Ramchurn, prsident de laile jeune du MMM, Michel Chiffonne, jeune membre de Rsistans Ek Alternativ, et Esha Dwarka, membre de la Students Union de lUniversit de Maurice. > tre Mauricien signifie quoi pour vous ? Chetan Ramchurn : Pour moi, tre Mauricien, cest davoir une ouverture desprit envers les autres communauts du pays. Cest aussi davoir la capacit dcoute et dagir comme un vrai citoyen. Michel et Esha ont parl de limportance de la langue dans la cration dune nation. Je me rappelle toujours quen 1983, on avait interprt

lhymne national pour la premire fois en crole, et que Harish Boodhoo avait contest lpoque. Malcolm de Chazal avait un jour rclam une rconciliation nationale. Cette rconciliation nationale est venue en 1982, mais gche en 1983 par une srie dattaques communales contre Paul Brenger. > Les jeunes qui se sont engags sur diffrents plate-formes, avez-vous remarqu ce sens de patriotisme ? Chetan Ramchurn : Je trouve que le sens dappartenance au pays est nettement en dclin par rapport aux annes 70, o il y avait une ferveur autour des valeurs mauriciennes. Au niveau des recrutements, il y a toujours cet ethnocentrisme. Je trouve que notre sens de patriotisme est toujours flottant. Comment expliquer que les Mauriciens sidentifient pleinement la nation mauricienne et que, parfois, ils ne se sentent pas connects la nation ? Cela sexplique par le fait que des politiciens distillent la haine communale la veille des lections. Au niveau de laile jeune et du MMM, nous saluons linitiative du groupe 104 qui mne un combat contre le communalisme. > Quest-ce qui explique vos engagements ? Chetan Ramchurn : Jtais en Form IV, quand il y a eu des meutes de 1999. Jtais au collge Royal de Curepipe et il y avait une classe sur les cultures. Nous avons parl sur la ghettosation et comment une partie de la population sest retrouve relgue dans des endroits les plus dfavorises et subissent un appauvrissement extraordinaire. Il y a aussi lattentat de la maison de jeux Amicale. Ces deux vnements ont t un dclic pour moi. Do ma dcision de mengager dans le combat politique.

> Pensez-vous pouvoir mener le changement que vous prnez ? Chetan Ramchurn : Dfinitivement. Sinon, je ne me serais pas engag. Jai la force de mes convictions. Jai une quipe de jeunes derrire moi. Je trouve que le MMM est la meilleure plate-forme o je puisse mener le combat.

Sur les ondes:


Sur Radio 1 Face a face avec Rabin Bhujun Sur Radio + Le Grand Journal de Radio + Sur Radio + Le Mauricianisme vu par les jeunes Le Grand Journal de Radio +

Articles dopinion

Out of sync 30/08/2011 Lexpress quotidien (The case for direct democracy)
More power to voters should be at the centre of our concerns. Of the many cases of quiproquo that we have witnessed in politics, the present situation might be the most glaring of them all. In a year scarred by scandals, where the dearth of integrity of our governing leaders became so apparent that even highly politicised institutions finally started acting, talks of the introduction of the PR system sound sorely out of place. For most of 2011, people have vehemently denounced the misuse of power. Clear in their rejection of the opaqueness surrounding the Medpoint issue. The latter, the culmination of years of shadiness in political spheres confirmed that power was effectively centralised in the hands of a few. Then, how could it be that instead of empowering citizens through direct democracy and counter the hegemony of parties, we find ourselves trapped in a debate on the need for Proportional Representation. Somehow, the right message never got to those wielding power Issues with Proportional Representation What we should ask ourselves is whether the introduction of the proposed amended electoral system would cure the most pertinent ills of the present one. Would greater accountability from MPs be gleaned out of it? Would it boost the number of competent figures and ensure that local concerns are taken into consideration? Would it help severe ties between corporate powerhouses and political factions? David Cameron, in an article for the New Politics series in The Guardian, highlighted that; Proportional representation takes power away from the man and woman in the street and hands it to the political elites. Instead of voters choosing their government on the basis of the manifestos put before them in an election, party managers would choose a government on the basis of secret backroom deals. Electoral Reform, the one which is needed, would scrap the BLS system, cure the political funding mess and ensure a greater balance between the Legislative and the Executive. PR is certainly not at the heart of pressing concerns for it would further subdue voter representation to party representation. Farcical it has been these last few weeks; People and parties with dimming political futures managing a last hurrah by making allegations of all kinds and belittling their former colleagues. And what about the people of this country? Should we leave buzz-seekers to cater for their needs or should serious members of parties finally own up to their responsibilities? The case for direct democracy in Mauritius The need for greater involvement of voters in the democratic life of our country is a must. If referendums on an occasional basis are a sign of a healthy democracy, then Mauritius as a democratic state has been in the coma for long enough to be declared dead. The ideal model would be one in the lines of the Swiss system where citizens are empowered enough to have their say on non-recurring expenses above a certain sum of money and can initiate new legislations and have the authority to amend laws. Even more importantly, an open society would stimulate public discussion and would offer citizens the platform where they can vigorously debate government policies. This contrasts with the superficial democracy we presently have where involvement is limited to one voting expedition every five years and decisions are in the hands of a few political leaders. This greater participation can only be the harbinger for a country where there are effective checks and balances and corruption would sizeably reduce. Politicians want an la carte electoral reform. The people need control over their collective destiny.

Citoyen Engaz Toi! Chetan Ramchurn

BASIC LABOUR STANDARD: The case for the introduction of a minimum wage (Le Mauricien 29.08.2011)

The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. Today, one of its main purposes is to protect non-unionized workers in unskilled jobs, although it can also influence, directly or indirectly, the level of compensation of other employees as well. A minimum wage constitutes a floor above which employees or their unions may negotiate with management for higher remuneration. However, it is rarely static: adjustments are required from time to time to maintain its relevance in changing economic and social conditions. The different governments of Mauritius since independence have been all reluctant to set a minimum wage which employers may legally pay to workers. This is because of the possible drawbacks that it can bring to the economy of the country. These can be principally: It tends to hurt small businesses more than large businesses because they operate in a small-scale with a small market demand for their products or services. It may cause price inflation as businesses try to compensate by raising prices of the goods and services being sold. It reduces quantity demanded of workers, either through a reduction in the number of hours worked by individuals, or through a reduction in the number of jobs. There are other downsides but these are the main ones that a developed (Germany experienced it) and a developing economy usually may face while trying to implement a minimum wage pay for the registered employees. However, there is evidence that shows that it is a success in developed countries but also in developing

countries (such as Botswana, Malta) as well, enjoying wide support from the public and key stakeholders. Together with the Working Time Regulations and the working families tax credit, the minimum wage provides protection for low-paid workers against gross exploitation and plays a key role in the Governments making work pay strategy if it really means it. Women workers, particularly those who work in the textile industry or the EPZ doing a low-skilled job, can gain most because women make up the majority of low-paid workers. Still concerning women, the government has the objective of reducing the female unemployment so as to reduce the unemployment rate as they constitute a high percentage of the number of unemployed in Mauritius. Thus, with the minimum wage pay policy, women will be more willing to go for a job instead of staying at home. So with this, the gender pay gap can also be reduced quite significantly (more than 1% in other developing countries, for example in Malaysia) in the year following its introduction. Furthermore, many 18-21-year-olds or young adults around these ages can also gain considerably, particularly in occupations such as hairdressing, full time sales person in shops where wages have traditionally been extremely low. This will have the effect of reducing the young adult unemployment rate to a certain extent. Another policy reason for setting a minimum wage can be to ensure that income and profit are at least fairly distributed to workers working for private firms. Often in Mauritius we have the feeling that the post-tax profit of some companies are not shared for at least 1% to lower level employees who are the main cause of success of the organisations. So, the minimum wage can be the ultimate disguise measure for some companies to share a bit of their after tax revenue to their employees who before were unwilling to share some of the profits to the same employees. Moreover, an analysis of labour market data in developing countries (again Botswana and Malta) shows that implementation has been generally smooth. Despite dire predictions, there have been no job losses. The economy continues to grow and new jobs are created, even in the traditionally lowest paying sectors. It is obvious that if we duplicate exactly what other developing countries have done it may not work here. So it is crucial to implement it within the Mauritian economical and societal specificities. Of course, it is empirical that organisations improve their efficiency to be able to sustain the minimum wage pay for their employees. So therefore, in the same vein, it can be used as a yardstick measure to counter the inefficiency problem once for all of many public and private organisations here in Mauritius. A Minimum Wage is an important tool of the governments objective to maintain the economic wellbeing of citizens and enable the people at the bottom to maintain their livelihood (Stiglitz).

LE SYSTME DE QUOTA: Progrs pour les femmes, recul pour la mritocratie (Le Mauricien 17.08.2011)
Depuis laccession de lle Maurice lindpendance, dimportants progrs en matire dgalit des sexes ont t accomplis. Les femmes peuvent dsormais saffirmer dans bon nombre despaces de la vie publique. Cependant, elles sont encore sous-reprsentes au niveau des responsabilits politiques. Aprs le renvoi antidmocratique des lections municipales lanne dernire en raison dune rforme que compte apporter le gouvernement, tout porte croire que la Local Government Act 2003 sera tt ou tard remplace par une nouvelle loi. Est-ce par fanatisme politique en vue deffacer les traces de ceux qui se flicitent dune loi formidable ou est-ce l une stratgie pour brouiller les cartes? Quoi quil en soit, ce projet de loi comporte deux lments importants : le non cumul des fonctions par les dputs et un systme de quota. Thoriquement, le non cumul des fonctions gnrera plus de places pour une nouvelle gnration de politiciens. Quant au quota, les partis politiques devront obligatoirement aligner un tiers de candidats femmes. Le quota dcoule du fait quil y ait un manque dopportunits pour que les femmes puissent raliser leur

potentiel sur le plan politique. Lide qui sous-tend ce systme consiste garantir une participation accrue de la gent fminine et veiller ce quelle ne soit pas marginalise. La formule que prconise le ministre vise faire en sorte que les femmes constituent au moins un tiers des conseillers municipaux. A premire vue, cest intressant dans la mesure o lexprience des femmes est ncessaire la vie politique. Ce systme permettra une utilisation maximale des ressources humaines. Il faut aussi souligner quon aura droit des expriences diffrentes qui peuvent se rvler enrichissantes sur le plan politique. En cela, le quota est un moyen efficace pour un accroissement substantiel de la reprsentation des femmes. Toutefois, le revers de la mdaille veut que ce systme de quota soit contraire au principe dgalit des chances. Il faut rappeler que cette hausse substantielle de la reprsentation des femmes pourrait tre plus quantitative que qualitative. Ce systme implique que lappartenance sexuelle aura le dessus sur les comptences dans lattribution du pouvoir politique. De plus, le systme en question est anti-dmocratique car il ne laisse pas le libre choix aux lecteurs. De ce fait, les femmes seront admises au sein des instances dirigeantes des collectivits locales sans avoir faire face rellement la concurrence. Elles courent le risque dtre considres comme des conseillres de catgorie infrieure, leurs places au sein des instances municipales ayant t acquises sur une base prfrentielle. Aussi, le quota en politique peut donner lieu un plafond qui empchera plus de femmes sy engager moins quelles sinscrivent dans une bataille pour relever le pourcentage du quota. En fin de compte, la nouvelle loi prvue ne sert pas la cause des femmes, ni ne leur permet dassurer une certaine reprsentation au niveau des collectivits locales. Il faut donc chercher dautres avenues pour le faire. Et ce en respectant la dmocratie et en privilgiant la comptence. Pour y parvenir, il est impratif de changer la mentalit des mauriciens; notre socit dans son ensemble doit accepter les comptences fminines dans la sphre politique. Par ailleurs, une vraie rforme lectorale simpose qui permet une reprsentation des partis politiques en fonction du pourcentage de votes obtenus aux lections. Sensuivra subtilement une meilleure reprsentation des femmes.

Thursday, August 11, 2011 Et quel sera le prochain episode de la saga medpoint? par Nooreeda Khodabocus Le Mauricien 11/08/11

LINTRIGUE PRINCIPALE: Et quel sera le prochain pisode de la saga Medpoint ?


Par NOOREEDA KHODABOCUS Comme la faune et la flore, la politique est aussi endmique de notre petite le. Cest ce que nous dmontre la saga Medpoint et tout ce qui se passe dans les diffrents partis politiques ces derniers jours. Tout le monde en parle. La nouvelle a tenu lle en haleine pendant des jours. Tel un feuilleton, les pisodes se sont drouls sous nos yeux. Certains taient prvisibles, dautres ont eu leffet dune bombe. Il y a eu la dnonciation de laffaire Medpoint par le leader de lopposition. Ensuite, nous avons eu droit au temps de raction lgendaire de notre Premier Ministre agir. Et encore, une dmission en bloc des ministres du MSM, tout en criant loyaut lAlliance de lAvenir. Puis, linvitable cassure. Aprs la cassure, comme on pouvait le deviner, de grand alli dhier, Navin Ramgoolam est trait de tous les noms par son ex- frre , Jugnauth fils. En effet, alors que Pravind Jugnauth faisait encore partie de lalliance gouvernementale, tout allait bien dans le meilleur des mondes. Une fois le divorce annonc, voil que chacun se jette la pierre. Et dans toute cette histoire,

cest finalement Paul Brenger qui est lou. Pour Navin Ramgoolam, il est mme devenu quelquun dot dune culture politique . Aprs le divorce, l encore, on pouvait sy attendre, nous avons eu droit lpisode transfuge qui nous tient dailleurs toujours en haleine. Quelle image devons-nous alors garder dun PM qui aime clamer que lorsquon quitte un parti politique, il vaudrait mieux arrter tout court la politique ? Cela voudrait-il dire que le PM aurait redfini le transfugisme ? Quand tu quittes mon parti tu es un transfuge. Quand aprs la cassure de lalliance gouvernementale tu choisis dabandonner ton parti pour intgrer mon quipe, tu es quelquun qui choisit de continuer le travail annonc sous la bannire dune alliance morte. Nous avons aussi eu droit lpisode de la rvlation concernant S. Soodhun, prsident du MSM comme tant la source de linformation que dtenait Paul Brenger. Et comme au MSM on a un grand sens de la loyaut, alors quil ntait que supplant, il devient le prsident. Et aprs toutes ces pripties, on retrouve une opposition compose essentiellement du MMM et du MSM, face un Ptr affaibli malgr les dires de ses dirigeants. Que nous rserve le feuilleton ? Est-ce une de ces sries dont on se lasse vite, tellement les pisodes se rptent ou une de celles qui sait nous tenir en haleine ? Le dnouement, sera-t-il digne de lattente ou sera-t-il une dception ? Suite aux rcents vnements, la posture des 3 grands partis pourrait se rsumer ainsi. Le Ptr est la pche aux transfuges pour sassurer une pseudo-aisance avec sa majorit minime. Le MSM en est aux menaces envers le Ptr, et aurait des rvlations faire. Et le MMM est le parti qui aura permis de mettre au jour toute cette affaire. Parmi les scnarios possibles pour la suite de la saga, le premier scnario, comme le veulent les bruits qui courent, serait une alliance MSM-MMM. Question : quelle crdibilit aurait le MMM sallier avec un parti qui serait souponn dtre impliqu dans le scandale du sicle ? Lautre scnario serait un travail dquipe entre les 2 grands partis qui forment lopposition afin de la renforcer. Le MMM saura-t-il se montrer digne et rsister la tentation dalliance ou se laissera-t-il une fois de plus tenter afin de sassurer un bon score aux lections ? Dans lventualit dune quelconque alliance de la part du MMM, ce serait alors perdre en crdibilit du ct de son lectorat. Une alliance le ramnerait du ct des assoiffs de pouvoir. Que lICAC fasse son travail. Que lopposition fasse son travail la reprise des travaux parlementaires. Que ce soit chaque parti pour soi et tous pour le pays ! Manchester Utd et Arsenal vs. Liverpool ? Parce quen fin de compte, quoi se rsument ces jeux dalliances ? Le ridicule de cet tat des choses se rvle par une simple analogie un domaine que tout le monde ou presque peut comprendre : le football. On aurait Manchester United qui se prpare pour un match face son grand rival Liverpool. Pendant la prparation, lentraneur se rend compte dune certaine lacune en dfense. Il demande alors Arsenal de sallier lui pour qu eux deux ils puissent vaincre Liverpool. Ridicule nest-ce pas ? Mais cest ce que nous servent les partis politiques depuis des lustres. Un parti cest une quipe, uni par des convictions, une idologie, une philosophie, un programme. Bien quil puisse avoir des points communs avec un autre parti, les deux restent foncirement diffrents. Les alliances sont tout simplement ridicules et voues la cassure comme toutes les diffrentes alliances qui se sont succd sur la scne politique lont dmontr. Et lissue de ces manigances de la part des dirigeants de diffrents partis, il nest pas drle que les partisans en soient arrivs soutenir un parti comme on soutient une quipe de foot. Jaime les diables rouges et je ne changerai pas dquipe mme sils sont srs de perdre On soutient un parti sans se poser de questions, sans rflchir, sans pouvoir tre objectif. Alors que nous rserve le feuilleton ? Lavenir nous le dira. Et pour une fois peut-tre nous souhaiterions que les bruits qui courent soient faux et que ce qui se passe sur lavant scne nocculte pas lintrigue principale qui demeure laffaire Medpoint. * Jeunesse Militante

on n'est pas dupe! by Fabiani Balisson/Le Mauricien 09/08/2011


La marmite politique est en bullition depuis quelques semaines. Un vritable ramdam ! Il convient dans ce contexte de mettre laccent sur quelques points. Aprs le court pisode de lev pak rest , il a fallu que Pravind Jugnauth soit orient vers la sortie pour quil voque sur un ton dfaitiste toutes les misres que le MSM aurait subies : (1) lagenda machiavlique de ses allis de lAlliance de lAvenir ; (2) les actes prmdits dhumiliation ; (3) la situation invivable , alors que quelques jours de cela il jurait encore fidlit son leader afin de rester accroch au pouvoir. Je trouve cela pathtique. Opposition recompose Maintenant quil a t catapult sur les bancs de lopposition, nous ne pouvons que lui souhaiter de faire preuve de loyaut envers le leader de lopposition Paul Brenger et de ravaler ses ambitions de Premier Ministre. Aprs tout, le MSM nest quun very small party que Navin Ramgoolam a mis K.O. Nous croyons dans une autre Ile Maurice, sans passe-droits, sans ingrence politique, sans communautarisme et surtout dans enn sel lepep enn sel nasyon . Par ailleurs, nous gardons en mmoire les affirmations de Pravind Jugnauth en marge de la construction de lAlliance bleu-blanc-rouge en 2010 selon lesquelles Maurice lon est confront une ralit politique ; seuls certains selon leur appartenance, semble-t-il, peuvent aspirer au poste de premier ministre. Tout cela nous fait penser ces quelques mots de Marcel Proust : Loubli est un puissant instrument dadaptation la ralit, parce quil dtruit en nous le pass survivant qui est en constante contradiction avec elle. Transfugisme La campagne de dbauchage qua entreprise le Parti travailliste, avec pour rsultat la nomination de Jim Seetaram en tant que ministre, constitue un pied de nez au projet de rforme des Administrations rgionales de Herv Aime, qui avait pour essence une loi anti-transfuge. Cela dmontre le manque de srieux du gouvernement en vue de la mise en uvre dune rforme lectorale tant attendue. Lhmorragie peut se rpandre encore plus au Sun Trust. La stratgie qua adopte le Premier Ministre tant de laisser deux maroquins ministriels vacants en cas dventuelles dfections Pour finir, il ne faut pas quon oublie que le catalyseur de tous ces vnements, en loccurrence laffaire Medpoint, symbolise la lutte contre la corruption. Toutefois, les jeux dalliance que nous entrevoyons dans les antichambres du Parlement ne font que desservir cette cause vu que les acteurs politiques se retrouvent ainsi condamns changer de cible et de fusil dpaule chaque fois que les conjonctures changent ! * Jeunesse Militante

ENGAGEMENT DES JEUNES: Redonner la politique sa dignit et sa raison dtre


Article paru dans Le Mauricien | 28 juillet, 2011 - 18:00 | Par NOOREEDA KHODABOCUS

On se demande souvent pourquoi la politique nintresse pas les jeunes Maurice. La rponse semble vidente ds lors que lon songe tout ce qui sest pass ces derniers temps. La politique, cest dabord lart de conduire les affaires de ltat, la science et la pratique du gouvernement de ltat . Les jeunes se sentent souvent dpasss par toute cette science, surtout que le contexte mauricien narrange pas les choses. Les jeunes ny comprennent pas vraiment grand chose toutes ces histoires de rivalit, de dynastie, dalliance, de cassure dalliance, allis aujourdhui, pires ennemis demain Quant nos dirigeants, il semblerait que ce ne soit quun jeu pour eux, jeu de gouvernance, jeu de pouvoir. Conduire les affaires de ltat semble tre au second plan. Ce qui importe cest sa petite personne dabord et avant tout. La politique, cest aussi la conduite effective des affaires publiques, mene, suivant certains principes, par le gouvernement dun tat . Deuxime raison qui pousse les jeunes ne pas sy intresser. Si le gouvernement est effectivement responsable de la gestion des affaires de ltat, on peut se poser des questions quant aux principes qui le gouvernent. De plus, rien ne nous laisse ici penser que cette gouvernance se fasse de manire effective. Ce que nous voyons ici suffit dgoter plus dun de la politique. Trois cas. Dabord, nous avons une Ministre de la Sant inculpe puis libre sous caution. La logique, la morale et les principes veulent que celle-ci dmissionne, ne serait-ce que pour montrer une certaine dignit. Le cas

chant, la logique veut que le chef de ltat agisse. Et il le fait. Il demande de dmissionner. Elle refuse. Qui est le chef ? Ensuite, lenqute de la commission anti-corruption se poursuit. Et, coup de thtre. Tous les ministres du MSM dmissionnent, mais uniquement comme ministres, pas comme parlementaires. Par solidarit, disentils. Cela voudrait-il dire quils mettent en doute les comptences de la commission anti-corruption ? Peu importe les raisons en fin de compte, puisquils restent solidaires du Ptr. Pourquoi alors dmissionner, si cest pour rester dans la mme alliance ? Comment peut-on tre dans lopposition et dire en mme temps que lon soutient le gouvernement ? En un mot, la politique prend la population pour des imbciles. Et pour les jeunes ? Cest un feuilleton dont tout le monde parle, mais pour lequel ils ne voient pas de rel intrt, surtout si cest pour tre pris pour un imbcile. Et enfin, le chef de ltat lui-mme. Pendant que les actes senchanent sur la scne politique, avec les membres du gouvernement dans les premiers rles, lui ne sent pas la ncessit dtre prsent. On se rend alors compte combien lui est chre la gestion du pays. Entre son trophe et son gouvernement qui tombe en miettes, il ny a pas photo. Pourquoi le jeune sintresserait-il alors la politique puisque ce nest que pour lire une personne qui une fois lue aura tout oubli de ses belles paroles de sincrit, dgalit et de justice ? Sauf que finalement, ce qui se passe dans notre petite le cest bien de la politique. Cest de la politique avec une acception que nous avons oublie, mais qui na pas chapp aux dirigeants du pays. La politique, cest aussi lhabilet manifeste dans les rapports avec les autres qui consiste essentiellement amener autrui faire ce que lon dsire, sans pour autant dvoiler ses propres intentions . Et ce jeu, il faut dire que le trophe revient sans conteste notre cher Premier ministre, ce qui nest pas si mal finalement, vu son avidit den recevoir. La politique, tout le monde en parle, beaucoup mme. Mais au final, on se rend tristement compte que ce qui compte aujourdhui pour remporter des lections cest largent, la couleur de la peau, la religion et la caste. Cest aussi tre trs bon acteur... Alors on se pose la question. Comment des tres dnus dun sentiment de responsabilit ont pu tre mens la tte du pays ? Comment ont-ils pu tre choisis par la population ? On sinterroge alors sur limportance dun programme lectoral et de la comptence sur la scne politique. Et on trouve la rponse dans le peuple admirable que nous sommes. Admirable par son inertie, sa passivit, et surtout sa capacit oublier vite et pardonner. Et on se demande pourquoi tout cela nintresse pas les jeunes Et si on leur montrait que la politique ce nest pas seulement faire campagne pour remporter les lections ? Et si on leur montrait que faire de la politique, cest aussi faire son devoir de citoyen ? Et si on leur montrait quil y a une faon honnte de faire de la politique ? Et si on leur montrait des politiciens qui respectent leur engagement et leur idologie mme sils ne sont pas lus parce que ce qui importe cest le peuple ? Et si on leur montrait des politiciens capables de faire quelque chose pour la communaut, la rgion sans tre ministre ou dput ? Et si on leur montrait que la politique ce nest pas seulement ce que lon voit dans les mdias ces derniers jours ? Si on leur montrait simplement des politiciens qui croient en des valeurs et les dfendent peu importe les circonstances, sans renoncer, sans compromis ? Alors les jeunes verront la beaut de la politique, et plus important, la politique retrouvera sa dignit et sa raison dtre.

Political Science: Broadening the A-level criteria at the UOM

Introduction du crole lcole : un cas de politique linguistique


Llaboration des politiques linguistiques Article paru dans Le Mauricien | 23 juillet, 2011 - 10:00 | Par NOOREEDA KHODABOCUS Une politique linguistique est cense rsoudre un problme ou viter des problmes dordre linguistique au niveau de la socit. Quels problmes sont lis au crole ? Nous pouvons lgitimement nous poser la question. Le problme majeur semble tre la dvalorisation dune certaine couche de la socit par la dvaluation du crole. Dune manire particulire, lchec scolaire serait li au fait de labsence du crole justement. Nlimine-t-on pas ce problme en permettant au crole dtre langue denseignement ? En fin de compte, cette situation, ce problme, ne serait-il pas une fiction encourage par les hommes politiques pour servir leur intrt ? Le but dune politique linguistique est de partir dune situation initiale et de proposer des choix en vue dobtenir une situation juge plus satisfaisante. Ici, en loccurrence, le choix a t dintroduire le crole lcole. Ce choix est en lui-mme louable. Il sagit de perptuer le patrimoine, bien que l encore, on se pose des questions. Le crole nest pas une langue en danger si lon en croit le dernier recensement de la population de 2000, en attendant de connatre les rsultats du recensement effectu cette anne. La planification linguistique sintresse quant elle lorganisation des diffrentes phases. Bien quen pratique les choses soient plus complexes, on peut compter quatre phases principales : Identification dun problme. Ici, le problme concerne la place du crole dans lducation. Considrons la situation. On a jug ncessaire lintroduction du crole. Ds cette tape, les problmes rels qui auraient d merger concernent le curriculum et le recrutement et la formation des enseignants. Quen est-il actuellement ? La dcision a t prise et ce nest quensuite quon a considr ces aspects. A cinq mois de la rentre scolaire de 2012, la formation des enseignants est au point de dpart. Ce temps est-il suffisant ? Ne devrait-on pas dj avoir un cursus afin de faciliter la formation par rapport ce cursus justement ? valuation des solutions possibles. Vu que les problmes qui auraient d tre identifis dans la phase 1 nont merg quaprs la phase 4, il est difficile, voire impossible de considrer cette tape. Pour sen tenir la situation, il semblerait que la question de choix ne se poserait pas dans la mesure o le choix tait dj fait. Choix dune solution. La plupart du temps les choix sont dcids en haut lieu, et ce rarement lissue de processus dmocratiques. La population nest pas interroge pour quelle donne son opinion. Bien que les dcideurs politiques puissent consulter divers spcialistes, il nen demeure pas moins quils sont les seuls dtenir le pouvoir. Or, pour quune politique soit efficace, il faut quelle soit comprise et accepte de faon minimale par la population et que celle-ci ait les moyens de la suivre. Le crole sera enseign lcole. Mais lorthographe a-t-il t vulgaris auprs de la population ? A-t-on mis en uvre des moyens de diffusion, comme des sessions dinformation ou de formation ? Application. Cest la phase critique. Pour quune politique soit effective, il faut quelle soit planifie et quelle se donne les moyens de cette planification. Parmi ces moyens, on compte les moyens financiers, structurels et humains. On court aussi le risque, dans le cas dune politique mal dfinie, dune dfaite de cette politique par le gouvernement qui suivrait. Dans tous les cas, il faut sensibiliser la population, linformer, financer des campagnes mdiatiques, autant de mesures qui ont un cot non ngligeable. Que nous indique la situation actuelle ? Aucune campagne de vulgarisation na t mene auprs de la population. Devrons-nous alors attendre que les petits aient commenc leur apprentissage pour partager ce quils ont appris papa et maman ? Ou chacun devra-t-il se procurer un dictionnaire pour pouvoir suivre lvolution de son enfant ? Aprs avoir instaur la politique, il faut encore se doter de moyens pour la diffuser. Une politique linguistique ne peut pas non plus se passer dun appui lgislatif. Elle ncessite une prise de position claire et dfinitive qui trouve son aboutissement dans la Constitution. La russite des politiques et planifications linguistiques dpend de nombreux facteurs, pas tous linguistiques. Les enjeux sont multiples. Pour terminer considrons brivement la situation actuelle. La dcision a t prise. Or, aprs avoir pass en

revue les phases thoriques, on saperoit quil y a eu un certain manquement un certain niveau. Toutes les tapes ont-elles t respectes ? Cela nest pas sr. Cette situation nest-elle pas la consquence directe dun empressement ? Le Ministre est content davoir trouv 99 trainee teachers pour suivre la formation. Y at-il de quoi se vanter ? Quel trainee un peu sens passerait ct de lopportunit de se voir devenir teacher la seule condition de suivre la formation ? Sans oublier la compensation salariale en prime pour les enseignants choisissant denseigner le crole. Ne serait-ce pas finalement une autre illustration de la soif de pouvoir et de lego de certains politiciens ? Et il ny a toujours pas de curriculum ni de manuels plus de cinq mois aprs le dbut du travail entam par AKM et la MIE. A quoi dans ce cas former les futurs enseignants, un programme ntant pas encore dfini ? Aprs tout, le Ministre de lducation, si tout se passe comme il le prvoit, restera dans lhistoire comme celui ayant os franchir le pas. Si lenseignement du crole est en soi trs louable, la situation actuelle montre un rel manque. Dfendons notre patrimoine, mais pas nimporte quel prix, et surtout pas aux dpens de nos enfants qui comme les politiciens aiment tellement le faire entendre, sont lavenir du pays !

Introduction du Creole a L'ecole: Un cas de politique linguistique/Nooreeda Khodabocus/Le Mauricien22.07.11


PREMIRE PARTIE: Introduction du crole lcole : un cas de politique linguistique Nooreeda Khodabocus* (Jeunesse Militante)
Lintroduction du crole lcole fait partie de ce quon nomme politique linguistique . Le langage est un fait social et possde une dimension politique, dune part dans le sens de ladjectif, cest--dire qui est relatif la socit et dautre part dans le sens du nom, cest--dire lensemble des affaires publiques . Mon propos est dvoquer ici les bases thoriques de llaboration dune politique et dvaluer la lumire de ces observations la situation actuelle quant lintroduction du crole comme matire lcole.

Les questions linguistiques sont associes des domaines fondamentaux et souvent trs sensibles de la socit. Elles concernent ladministration, le commerce, les mdias, les sciences, la justice, et lducation entre autres. Je ne considre ici que le domaine ducatif. Dj, ds linstant o lon considre la question de politique linguistique relatif lducation, des questions lmentaires doivent tre poses, questions auxquelles je vais tenter de rpondre en considrant le contexte : Quelle langue comme vhicule denseignement ? Officiellement, la langue denseignement est langlais, sauf pour les classes de langues o lenseignement se fait dans la langue tudie. Le crole nest pas autoris au-del de la troisime anne du primaire [ Education Act , Section 37A, First Schedule 43 Medium of instruction and teaching of languages]. Il suffirait de faire stopper lhypocrisie et de permettre lenseignant, qui est le mieux plac pour en juger, de choisir la langue la plus adapte selon les comptences des lves. Quelle(s) langue(s) enseigner lcole et jusqu quel niveau ? Quelle varit de langue enseigner ?

Toute langue est sujette des variations, diffrents niveaux. Les variations peuvent tre dordre gographique, lexicales, phontiques entre autres. Ainsi, on ne parle pas tout fait de la mme manire dans les diffrentes parties de lle, ou dans les les dpendantes. On ne prononce pas non plus de la mme manire. Par exemple, certains disent ducation et dautres dikasion . Ce ne sont pas pour autant des mots diffrents mais deux prononciations du mme mot. Est-ce que dire ducation voudrait dire quon ne parle plus crole ? Est-ce quon appellerait quelquun Zili alors quelle sappelle Julie juste pour croliser le nom ? Pour en revenir la situation actuelle, quels paramtres ont t considrs pour choisir la varit ? A-t-on pris en compte lvolution de la langue ou sest-on seulement bas sur des orthographes existantes ? Concernant ces orthographes, sont-elles les mieux adaptes ? Qui na rencontr de srieuses difficults lire un message publi en bon crole ? Le crole mauricien est base lexicale franaise et considrer lorthographe en usage de manire gnrale, on peut sapercevoir que la graphie franaise est le plus souvent la plus adapte, et la plus facile comprendre. Dun point de vue mthodologique, on ne peut nier le fait que lortograf kreol labor est un travail de grande qualit, mais cet orthographe ncessiterait une diffusion auprs de la population. Quels moyens donne-t-on ? Que ce soit en termes de politique linguistique ou en termes de gestion de lEtat, il faut dabord se demander de quels moyens financiers on dispose pour lapplication de la politique. Que doivent contenir les manuels, grammaires et dictionnaires ? Je voudrais juste ici souligner le peu de temps quil a fallu aux personnes concernes pour dvelopper lortograf kreol morisien et la grammaire, alors que des mauriciens spcialistes du crole travaillent depuis des annes dans des laboratoires de crolistique et nont toujours pas une grammaire lmentaire de la phrase simple du crole mais seulement des descriptions de diffrents syntagmes. Ayant moi-mme fait des recherches en grammaire, je peux affirmer quil ma fallu plus de deux ans de travail afin de prsenter une tude dun seul temps de verbe, et seulement dans une de ses fonctions Premire interrogation par rapport la situation actuelle : ces questions ont-elles t poses ? Il me semble que non, ou si elles lont t, la situation ne semble pas lindiquer, ce qui voudrait alors dire que les dcideurs ont fait fi des recommandations. Ce ne sont que des hypothses mais elles semblent tre les premires faire surface qui considre la partie thorique de politique linguistique et la situation actuelle. Quelques dfinitions Lorsque lon parle de politique linguistique, il faut surtout considrer le couple politique/planification linguistique. Une politique linguistique est lensemble des dcisions relatives la forme ou aux fonctions des langues prises par diffrentes instances. La planification linguistique concerne elle lensemble des moyens et des mesures mis en uvre pour lapplication dune politique linguistique. Politique et planification linguistiques concernent des dcisions, des choix, des moyens. Les interventions sur la langue peuvent prendre deux formes. Les interventions peuvent concerner la forme de la langue, cest--dire la graphie, la morphologie, le lexique, la grammaire. Les interventions peuvent aussi concerner les fonctions de la langue. Interventions sur la forme

Doter la langue dune criture. Si lon veut enseigner une langue, il est ncessaire quelle soit dote dune graphie afin dtre reproduite dans des manuels, des grammaires, des dictionnaires. Standardiser, cest--dire codifier la langue de manire ce quelle serve de standard. Petite question : le standard prsent par le ministre a-t-il t diffus auprs de la population ? Interventions sur le lexique. Parenthse : le crole, de par sa nature et son origine, ne possde pas de mots propres certains contextes, comme les mots techniques pour les sciences ou linformatique. On a alors recours au mlange ou lalternance des langues. Combien de fois ne se retrouve-t-on pas devant lobligation de recourir un mot anglais ou franais pour pallier un manque par rapport au lexique du crole lorsque lon veut sexprimer de manire labore ? Il ny a qu consulter le rapport publi par le Ministre de lEducation et lAKM pour se rendre compte du nombre de mots emprunts au franais car le crole ne possde pas de lexique adapt. Interventions sur les fonctions Selon les situations, les dcideurs peuvent choisir dofficialiser une langue, de la normaliser, de lintroduire dans le systme ducatif. Le crole na pas de statut officiel. Il est trait de manire implicite dans la constitution. Cest la politique du laisser-aller selon la terminologie. Ou du moins ctait le cas jusqu la fameuse dcision de lenseigner. Normaliser le crole signifierait lui assigner une place. Ltat pourrait aussi choisir de faire de la langue une langue nationale. Ainsi, bien quil ne sengage pas lui-mme utiliser la langue, il en assure la protection et la promotion. Ce nest quune fois que tous ces paramtres ont t considrs que lon peut prtendre llaboration dune politique en vue de son application. * (Master 2 en Sciences du Langage, Universit de Bourgogne)

Uplifting Mauritian Politics/July 20th 2011/L'Express

Uplifting Mauritian Politics


By Chetan Ramchurn (Jeunesse Militante)

Out of ideological vacuity stems the loss of ideas and the deprivation of a clear sense of direction. All historically relevant parties have undergone this wilderness phase; not too sure whether they can still connect with the people they purport to defend. The pathway for leftist movements in Mauritius should revolve around abandoning the old thinking and start with internal reforms. The latter will ultimately set the bases for the essence that shall differentiate one manifesto from another.

A return to idealism is what we need if we wish to make a marked difference in our country. Our greatest challenge, as politicians, will be the achieving of transparency and accountability and the symbolising of change. Several measures, such as those singled out below, could be introduced that would allow parties to demonstrate their

commitment to their own values.

The Answers
The elimination of nominations within parties: All those who aspire to rise through the ranks in politics must be able to show their mettle in terms of ideas and ideals. Having debates and primaries for any position, excluding the honorary ones, would help increase the interest of people in what Blair terms the pursuit of noble causes. This would help greatly in showing that parties are conscious of the need to impart equal opportunities to their own members.

Break the jeu dalliances frame of mind: One of the most polluting features of the domestic political spectrum could be eliminated through bipartisanship. Two blocks representing different ideological perspectives with a well structured set of values would offer their respective programmes to voters. The main issue would be to classify parties on the right or left of the political spectrum, such has been the blurring of values over the years. In all fairness, whether in a bipartisan model or the present one, parties would be well advised to equip themselves with a real sense of mission instead of looking for easier routes to power.

Allow new views to emerge: Limiting the number of mandates and roles for members of a party would allow the regeneration of ideas on a more sustained basis. What has happened over the years, beyond the sombre tragedy of la lutte des places, is the absence of people who think differently within one same party. The MMM, for instance empowers its militans with a droit de tendance which has granted the party since 1969 a myriad of solutions to problems at hand.

Broadening exchanges and mindsets: Another damning influence on politics has been the lack of ideas coming from wider sources. This could be curbed through the greater involvement of trade unions, consumer-protection groups, entrepreneurs, academics and business leaders amongst others. This will also demand the greater acceptance that we need to move beyond conflicts where employers are pitched against their workers, public clashes with private and different strata of the economic rungs are told at election time to view the other one as wishing to impede on its rights. In the same frame of mind is the understanding that capitalism, when limited to profits and not extended to domination, is needed for a countrys greater prosperity.

Unflinching rejection of corruption and racism: Another facet of diseased politics is the patience showed to people that have been found guilty of bribery or of stirring racial hatred. This tolerance of the intolerable is a direct result of an overtly blinkered view of politics; one that puts party above country, convenience above convictions and wins above sincerity and honesty. Indeed, few are those who, like De Chazal, could overstand that one can come out of a defeat as an enhanced human being.

Do not stay idle. Think, Communicate and Promise: This is a country crying for bold changes in public services, means of production, fairness and justice, the right to information and protection of liberties, social mobility and housing amongst others. Serious parties would delve on creating a new society that would be better for Mauritians; the many not the few. After having carried out the thinking process, the communication process would then start, and more importantly a pledge made to the people.

The onus is on Mauritians to reject the present archaic way of doing politics. The time for modernity is now my fellow citizens.

Ile Maurice le Paradis en perdition/16 Juillet 2011/Le Mauricien

Sortir du ghetto

Accidents de la route: a qui la faute? Le Mauricien 9 juillet 2011

Why Mauritianism matters L'Express 08.07.11


By Chetan Ramchurn Like in the clichd movies, the post-independence history of Mauritius also revolves around love and hate. Mutually exchangeable, triggered by motivations unknown, the lines between both flimsy enough to make you gasp at their level of intertwinement or the suddenness of the changes from one to another. This bipolar disorder of Mauritius has since been epitomised in the independence years by the two lines; Malbar nou pas ouler and Hindou, mon frre. Since then, Mauritians have continued in the same spiritall colours of the rainbow nation have fallen victim to similar hate.

Not quite an ersatz of paradise


Indeed, the Hindu-peril has since given way to other undercurrents reeking of ethnic dissection. All driven with the same simplistic agenda founded on the desire to find a culprit. Thus if one such section was found culpable of a low level of ethnic identification[1], others have received their guilt token by having the limelight cast unjustly solely on their more extreme members. Pseudo attempts to unite us were riddled with dangers of further dividing us. Accordingly, in 2005, what Hollup (1996) describes as a shared history of indentured labor, both having been recruited to work in the sugar cane plantationsand arrived in the same ships[2] was put forward as the winning formula. De facto, were excluded from this equation the descendents of those that had the misfortune of not being

at the right dock.

Managing perception
But then, there have been great movements in the past trying to break the impasse with their chutzpah and an allinclusive approach to development

Still, that the same debates as in the 70s are prevalent in our times says a lot about the state of unchanged things since then. In simpler terms, Mauritius went soul-searching only to return back home with the prognosis that there would not be any real change in the coming decades. The mantra was to maintain the same order of things, but to veil it through lesser force exerted on the leash. Maybe, the new goal of progressive parties is to let the status quo prevail. To let those that wield power continue to do so and pretend that that the fight is on. Since class struggle was too utopian, successive generations have succumbed to dreams of lower grandeur. As a result, the fascination with the allure of power through cliques and networks has grown steadily. The dream in 2011 for most young people is to become a yuppie in the lines of Brett Easton Elliss Patrick Bateman. Quite a difference from generations of yore, when rebels were the poster boys. The zeitgeist is definitely not one that is favourable to societal change.

Who are we?


The most acute issue is the lack of common individual fabric that would bind us collectively. What we have failed to achieve is the ingraining of traits that would unite us. What we need to work on today is how to give an identity to The Mauritian, how to create an esprit de corps that would make us emboldened to face adversity? Thinkers can work together using help from experts in economics, anthropology, history, sociology, philosophy and psychology to craft a web around The Mauritian DNA; a new education system in the lines of Montessori where freedom would be at the heart of things, a better understanding of how economic interests are related to political ones at domestic level and the greater involvement of more citizens in decision making. In short, an innovative attitude on how to cure the Mauritian despair.

Let there be hope.

[1] (Ethnicity, class and the 1999 Mauritian riots by Thomas Hylland Eriksen from the book Ethnicity, Nationalism and [2] Islamic Revivalism and Political Opposition among Minority Muslims by O Hollup (1996)

Minority Rights)

Homosexuality Centralising the debate/N.A.F/Le Mauricien 5.07.11

Education, Politics, Will!! Le Mauricien 11/06/2011


THE WAY FORWARD SERIES... Education, Politics, Will!! KRISHNA JADUNUNDUN MMM Youth Wing (Jeunesse Militante) Mauritians always ask why our education system is failing. Simple answer: the system is outdated and it has produced a vast population able to read but some of them or most unable to distinguish what is worth reading. The system teaches young people how to make a living but not how to make a life. Rather than loading the memory of students with thoughts of other men, the education system should enable the students to think for themselves. In order to improve and move forward, many politicians should stop thinking that any bright individual is a menace for their pockets. The government must have the guts to bring a proper reform. In Mauritius, teaching is seemingly not honoured. The low salaries teachers earn compared to other fields requiring Bachelor and Master's degrees support this fact. Countries that top education ranking in the world like Finland, Australia and Korea, have very high salaries for school teachers. We must improve the public education system not by constantly testing students, but by strengthening the education profession and investing in teacher preparation and support. Teachers' high level of knowledge and skills will make sure that they can have considerable independence in the classroom to choose their preferred appropriate pedagogical methods. Investment in people is the best investment. Political authorities must see education as the key to survive and thrive in an increasingly competitive world. Education must be the catalyst of the economic growth of our nation. To be competitive, Mauritius has to substantially boost investment in education and research to foster innovation and cutting-edge development. Government must invest in warm school meals, learning materials, text books, transportation, new equipment, new facilities, student counseling etc so as to allow teachers to focus on teaching and learning, and bring new ideas and practices in schools. The government, trade unions and employers' organisations must form a tripartite, closely coordinating, communicating and heading to a common goal. In many countries the opposing-parties usually polarise debates and public opinion. The parties must begin focusing on the subject-matter, on cooperating and acting together. There must be a close partnership between the labour organisations and the government, between the employees and the employers, in both planning and implementation stages. This will allow the teacher union to change from an external political pressure group into a stakeholder in government decision-making. This is a key element in good quality of governance. It will be the driving force of education performance and economic competitiveness in Mauritius. Our education system must emphasize more on creative problem-solving skills. After concepts are taught, students should be assisted in finding skills and logic to prepare for lifelong learning. Also, students having problems learning should be assigned tutors and remedial specialists from the first day they are evaluated until the day they graduate. Lastly, education should be free from beginning to end. Who wants to start off life after school with a huge debt? Our Prime Minister and his government clearly do not have the guts to give our young minds the power and knowledge through a better education system, scared of not being able to reign for long periods like some of his

African counterparts. Unfortunately governments like ours prefer uneducated people as they are easier to manage and manipulate. This makes our education system today monumentally ineffective. Young people are given cut flowers instead of being taught how to grow their own plants. If the government does not have the will and guts to bring a proper reform, the education of the young minds of this country will keep on following a bad track. Leaders in Mauritius verbally support education but do not prioritize funding for education. If we want near-perfect education system, we really need to change our political systems. It's not the technology we lack, nor the resources, only political will.

Ecology and Sustainable Development 2 / The Way Forward by Najeeb Fokeerbux Le Mauricien 28.05.2011
THE WAY FORWARD SERIES* Ecology and sustainable development (2)

NAJEEB FOKEERBUX (on behalf of La Jeunesse Militante) Waste management

We should place green labels on products as per strictly specified guidelines and monitor of all products on the market as well exempt these green label products from a percentage of taxes. For example, a product with little packaging or low negative impact on the environment can be exempted from taxation so as to encourage people to buy that product. The tax imposed on a product not having a green label by a certain percentage should be increased.

The green label must be subject to three or more variations. We cannot classify a product either as eco-friendly or non-eco-friendly as the two scales. There must be grades. Say, 75 - 100% eco-friendly, 50 - 74% eco-friendly, 25 49% eco-friendly and 0 - 24% eco-friendly. For different ranges, different conditions of taxation would thus apply; the conditions being, as previously mentioned, subject to strictly specified guidelines. This will help in reducing waste generation and protection of the environment with public contribution to fight environmental issues. Waste should be separated and treated so as to recycle and reuse wastes to decrease the amount left for disposal. Households and public places and institutions must have different dustbins to separate their wastes. Then, these wastes must be recycled and reused. Organic wastes can be turned into compost.

Transportation

The transportation sector is crucial for the development of a country. It determines the development of a particular region, the social mobility of people and the exchange of information. To achieve a major change, bold and practical measures are needed which include the following:

Decentralise our economic centre from Port Louis to other regions. Favour the use of public transport instead of private cars by improving the public and professionalising the transport system. Enforce legislation so that new buildings, especially commercial ones and offices have appropriate parking spaces. Create parking spaces in cities and just outside cities and use bus transits between key places in the city area. Favour tracks/sidewalks in cities so as to encourage people to walk to places 20 minutes apart on foot rather than using their cars or taking buses. Subject private vehicles to the green label rather than imposing a green tax on fuel use. This way, the vehicle to be bought will be expensive; whereas public transport will still be cheap; which will encourage people to use it. Review the system of free transport and give such facilities only to needy families. The government should pay the concerned families an amount equal to that disbursed by the family for school transport expenses after each semester based on attendance. Display at bus stops and main bus terminals the time schedule of buses so that people will not lose time and get tired waiting for buses, and thus be encouraged to use the public transport system. Impose a limit on cars and other vehicles being imported annually so as to control the number of vehicles on our roads.

Ecology and Sustainable Development / The Way Forward by Najeeb Fokeerbux Le Mauricien 27.05.2011 Ecology and sustainable development (1) NAJEEB FOKEERBUX (on behalf of La Jeunesse Militante)
Sustainable development is mainly about the adequate distribution of resources as well as the preservation and replenishment of our resources over time for the coming generations. In Mauritius, our main resources are our rich marine expanse and our human resources. Other assets are the lands under cultivation, the sources of fresh water and the likes. The Green Paper by the relevant Ministry highlights that the four main pillars of MID will revolve around the following quartet: Ecology, Economy, Social, and Governance.

Sustainable development to be fully implemented must have all the indicators going upwards; and not one indicator going up at the detriment of the other indicators. This we believe has too often been the case in Mauritius and other developing countries. Besides long term measures, the focus should be on short term measures that will reap positive repercussions in both the medium and long terms. This paper contains a number of proposals that will help Mauritius to move towards a model of development and growth that is sustainable.

Starting with policies

Policies, especially those centering around our economic interests, should be linked in a clear manner to the other interfaces of sustainable development. The Mauritian dream of a more economically prosperous nation will have to be one where the riches of the country will be distributed in equity to all citizens and the state's funds will be judiciously used for protection, development and responsible exploitation of resources and the environment.

The protection of the fauna and flora of our island which contributes to the preservation of the natural equilibrium of our eco-system and which if sufficiently catered for could help limit the consequences of climate change. Even more so, our geographical position makes us prone to sea water rises, cyclones, and other natural calamities.

Localism is a key factor in achieving sustainability. Through local communities, people can learn how to limit their individual and household footprint to the minimum. Moreover such sustainable communities will be havens of citizenship where the notion of rights, duties and responsibilities would be ingrained. This would contribute towards the peaceful living and cohabitation of all components of the Mauritian society.

Preserving our Resources

Sustainable development does not and must not limit itself to the mere preservation of our natural resources but should encompass the safeguarding, development and judicious use of natural resources. Air, water and food are our prime resources and demand our foremost attention. In Mauritius, there has not been proper planning in most of our urban areas. A transportation system that is unfit for today has contributed and is contributing to air pollution. Lack of green spaces also contributes to increase air pollution. Water resources are becoming scarcer in Mauritius. Our reliance on rainfall for water as well as other lingering water related issues shall be dealt with in an article in the coming weeks.

We obtain food from two places: land and sea. Self-sufficiency is important to reduce our dependency on imported products. Our marine expanse is by far greater than that of our land. Most of our lands are under sugarcane cultivation; which is becoming less and less profitable. Again, the population growth, the increase of tourists coming to Mauritius and the increase in lifestyle and status of living will increase the demand in food for consumption.

To put a stop to this chaotic situation we should aim at reducing the levels of air pollution especially in towns and cities. With a tailored philosophy in mind, we must reanalyse town by town and develop a good road network and reallocation of bus routes to companies. The need to create buffer zones (green areas) to allow the cities to breathe is also pertinent in achieving an ecologically-sound island. What we need is the diversification of our agricultural

activities from one that is sugar-dependent to one that takes into account our myriad of food needs.

The production of food abroad is a positive idea. However, the political instabilities that unfortunately plague African countries can be a possible threat to this endeavour. With a careful land planning and use, we can spot the best lands for cultivation as per which type of crops will yield a better output and we can identify places for farming on large scale. This shall also protect us from possible infections in plants. For example, if there is a fungus or an insect attack that is detrimental to sugarcane crops, the diversification of crops we cultivate will minimise losses at various levels.

Furthermore, as far as exploitation of our marine resources is concerned, we must set-up regulatory bodies to monitor closely the quality and quantity of sea food being exploited, and the rate of exploitation. This regulatory body must also make public the names of all companies exploiting these sea resources and the amount they are exploiting. Emphasis must also be placed on the percentage of profits that the state is obtaining; and this also must be made public.

TO BE CONTINUED The way forward is an endeavour by the Jeunesse Militante that seeks to create greater awareness on a number of progressive thoughts, views and ideas. We welcome your comments on nouvo.maurice@gmail.com

Au royaume des aveugles, le borgne est Roi Par FABIANI BALISSON


AVE NAVIN ! Au royaume des aveugles, le borgne est Roi FABIANI BALISSON En dcembre 2010, certains s'enorgueillirent que Navin Ramgoolam fut lu meilleur dirigeant d'Afrique par le East African Magazine. Rien de vraiment surprenant, surtout quand on se pose la question : peut-on comparer une pomme une poire ? Navin Ramgoolam, n'est-ce pas un faux dmocrate, un " loup " qui montre patte blanche pour entrer dans la bergerie ? Le parfum de la " Rvolution du Jasmin " s'est propag dans le monde arabe. Des hommes et des femmes courageux sonnent le glas des dictatures avides de pouvoir et de domination du peuple. Wal Ghonim, directeur marketing de Google au Moyen-Orient et hros de la rvolution gyptienne du dbut de l'anne, arrive en tte de liste des personnalits les plus influentes en 2011 du magazine amricain Time. Mme Cuba, dernier vestige du communisme, on traduit dans la ralit le souhait de limiter le nombre de mandats successifs pour les postes au sommet de l'Etat deux, afin de favoriser l'mergence d'une nouvelle classe politique et la relance conomique.

Il semblerait que ni ces vnements ni le rapport du Dpartement d'tat amricain sur Maurice rendu public dbut avril, n'estompent la mgalomanie affiche de Navin Ramgoolam. Les Amricains notent de nombreuses violations de la libert d'expression et de la presse, se traduisant par le boycott publicitaire, l'arrestation et l'interdiction d'accs de certains journalistes des confrences de presse ministrielles. La semaine dernire Navin Ramgoolam faisait un appel sans quivoque : " Kan ou voter, pa vote zis pou cinq ans ! Fod trois, quatre, cinq mandats pou fer tou seki mo kapav fer. " Jacques Attali disait avec raison que : " L'Histoire moderne a montr que l'utopie est mre de toutes les dictatures. " Serait-ce l une premire indication des motivations relles de Navin Ramgoolam et de son leitmotiv pour obtenir une majorit de trois quarts en vue d'amender la Constitution ? Pense-t-il se servir du suffrage universel pour transformer notre fire Rpublique bananire en dictature ? Et pourquoi pas une monarchie tant qu'on y est ? Les dynasties se succdent Maurice et le pouvoir se passe de pre en fils depuis des dcennies. A quand les lections municipales ? A quand ?

Depi mo lizier cinik/le mauricien 19.04.11


Reflexion Ban la apel sa politik Kot to bisin fort dans fer coustik Accepter gagne titre comik Telman ena fois to archaique Lindi to prend ban airs mistik To denonce dan Maurice tous ban malefik Ban voler, accaparer, corrompus ek sadik Mardi matin ban financiers ki pna sens civic Lor telephone pik toi kuma moustik Dir toi " Pas essay al declar sympatik " " Dan to parti mem tone soutir tas diabolik " " Pou nou ena ene sel ord economik " " Pas bisin al bouskil sa, nec faire critik " " Ler ban la pose toi questions caustik " " Nec declare amnesik " " Ou rode ene plas dan to clinique " " Si to pas resi, nec invok ene clause juridik " Mercredi to dan ene forme olympique Tone gagne ene cheque avec ene som astronomik Pou montrer toi concilliant ek garde ene relation idyllik Avec ban lobbies ek certains clik Jeudi to realiser ki sitiation bordelik Morisyen p tourne en bourik Li plorer sak fois li al la boutik Ban prix ti siposer baisser in rest statik

In ariv lheur pou imper relations publik Donc Vendredi to lance ene nuvo pik Cont ban malad ki servi tou antibiotik Alor ki to mem to parcours toxik Ek to ban actions tou sauf angelik. Lindi to prend ban airs mistik To denonce dan Maurice tous ban CHETAN RAMCHURN

Politique : je t'aime, moi non plus !/ Le Mauricien 28/03/2011


REGARD Politique : je t'aime, moi non plus ! FABIANI BALISSON Jeunesse Militante Les jeunes entretiennent avec la politique un lien construit entre hritage et exprimentation. Si leur intrt pour ce domaine est bien rel, la forme de leur engagement, elle, a chang, tout comme le contexte mme de l'action politique. Non, les jeunes ne sont pas dpolitiss ! Loin s'en faut. Plus informs, ils sont plus critiques et exigeants que leurs ans l'gard des politiques, n'ont pas remis leurs illusions, et leur exprience dans ce domaine se rvle plutt riche, voire pleine de promesses pour l'avenir. Les sirnes alarmistes qui retentissent ds qu'est aborde la question du rapport des jeunes la politique peuvent donc se mettre en sourdine. Toutefois, l'engagement des jeunes dans la politique traditionnelle reste tout relatif. Du moins passif. Pour autant, l'engagement politique semble tre plutt social et dimension nationale. Le refus du communautarisme et du repli identitaire, la lutte contre la violence, la dnonciation de la guerre, la dfense des intrts de la jeunesse semblent tenir une part importante dans leurs revendications pour une politique visage humain, plus proche du peuple et l'coute de ses besoins. En fait, les jeunes sont, aujourd'hui, la fois intresss et dsintresss par la politique comme bon nombre de citoyens. La jeunesse tant, en outre, confronte un double impratif : s'identifier ses ans et innover. Nous vivons en 2011 avec la gnration facebook qui fait sa rvolution dans le monde arabe. La mobilisation et la sensibilisation se font dsormais en ligne et de manire spontane. Le net est devenu l'espace d'expression et d'action de cette nouvelle graine intellectuelle, jeune et vivace. Les jeunes sont aussi souvent renvoys l'histoire pour ne pas avoir connu les annes de braise et l'poque margoz. Faut-il le rappeler que les jeunes rencontrent la politique dans un contexte assez diffrent de celui de leurs parents, car le systme de reprage, les grands clivages idologiques, sont dsormais en partie brouills. Ainsi, notamment, les oppositions gauche-droite ou socialisme-libralisme conomique ne sont-elles plus aussi videntes. Les jeunes renvoient dos dos les trois grands partis, notamment le MMM, le PTr et le MSM. Les jeunes identifient, en revanche, les extrmes comme tant les seules forces politiques partir desquelles se structure le dbat. En dehors de ces extrmes, dont il convient certes de se protger, les partis sont peu diffrencis. Mais mme s'ils maintiennent une distance, voire nourrissent une certaine mfiance, envers les hommes et les institutions lis la politique, les jeunes sont loin d'en dserter la scne. Bien au contraire, leur activisme est rel et

ils sont trs mobiliss. Ce qui a donc chang, c'est d'abord le contenu de leur engagement, mais aussi le contexte de dsinstitutionalisation de l'action politique dans lequel ils exprimentent la mobilisation collective. Nos ans, en effet, tout en s'orientant galement vers des formes autonomes et spontanes de revendication, conservent, eux, la mmoire des modes d'action traditionnels. Les jeunes veulent en fait rconcilier terrain des ides et action, aspirent un retour de l'thique politique, et prnent l'engagement, la vrit et l'humanit. Les jeunes ont choisi leur voie : faire entendre leurs ides et donner un lectrochoc cette classe politique qui nous dirige. Nous prnons le refus d'tre des moutons de Panurge et nous voulons tre matre de notre destine

POLITICAL LYING LIARS V/S OUR NATION YOUTH - L'Express Weekly 25/03/2011
During the last dreadful general election in May 2010, where a combination of the power of money and the evil known as communalism reigned over the determination for a better Mauritius, many politicians who are sitting in the government side of the parliament, have promised to lead us into the future. I can hardly imagine of a worse fate for any society than to be led into the future by a government consisting of Minotaurs, Cyclopes, Cerberus and Medusas. Lord Voldemort could easily be one of them. Surely not all of them but some. Even the most honest and well-intended, if any, among them are powerless to improve the country in any way.

Ultimately, more than eight months after the election, the population of our beloved country are gradually noticing that the politicians from the PTR-MSM-PMSD coalition are no more than subterfuges. When they start talking, we should already have our guard up and get ready to become a filter, because theres a big difference between what they say and what they mean. When asked questions, they try to redirect any conversation or do what they do best, cassiete emba jupe icac. Mauritius has a complex and matured political background. Several political parties have different agendas. Many politicians forming the government take advantage of their power and apply it for their own interest. A wave of corruption, deep rooted in the origin of that governmental coalition, keeps on growing as shown by the Medpoint scandal. The ultimate victims are the mass population. The so-called political heroes are unqualified to meet the trust of the common man in Mauritius. But this is the time to bring change. A nation needs an aimed and strategic direction to attain and sustain its growth. Mauritius also should not be behind in this race. Mauritius youth Young and educated people form the backbone of a growing nation. Since they are young, their minds are fresh and innovative. They are more prone to take risk and accept challenges. They are less vulnerable to corruption. Therefore their work is inevitable for the growth of a nation. Their spirit and courage can contribute to the development of the society. Today, Mauritius needs this youth force to come into politics and take this as an opportunity to work for the system. Mauritius needs its fresh and young educated minds to come forward. Mauritius needs both experienced and young talent to work together towards socio-economic development. In the recent general election, we have seen the trend of involving more and more young minds in the party, especially the MMM, under the leadership of Paul Berenger, who has motivated a pool of young and educated people to join

politics and work for the benefit of this nation. Youth constitutes a large portion of the Mauritian population, and if Mauritian political parties can inspire this talented pool of resources in the right direction, the world will see a new Mauritius. Zeness reveil toi If the Mauritian youth get united with the working class then the entire political scenario of the nation can be changed. Although, it doesnt mean that the political power should be given to people in the age group of 20-25 years, but it should be given to those who have experience, will as well as energy and enthusiasm. The older players should not be entirely thrown off either, they have the experience, tips and advice for their younger counterparts. The team being led by the historical MMM leader does fit that description. We can also hope that the leadership of the young people will be more democratic and secular in nature. They are more contemporary and modern in their thinking. They are not part of the corrupt system, so we can expect that they can provide a new direction to the nation, and defend the political values inherent in a democracy. I hope and pray the youths of Mauritius are able to rise up to the occasion and bring about a turnaround for our great country. Always remember the words of John Kennedy - If not us, who? If not now, when? Krishna Jadunundun On behalf of MMM Youth Wing

But the blame cannot rest upon you by Chetan Ramchurn on behalf of La Jeunesse Militante/ Le Mauricien 21/03/11
Dear Prime Minister, This correspondence is merely our way of showing our appreciation of your actions over the last years. Humbled as we are by the magnitude of your body of work. Akin to that of Da Vinci's collection where masterpieces stand next to each otherThe Last Supper next to the Mona Lisa itself standing to another magnum opus in The Battle of Anghiari. Your rpertoire being as rich as the Italian Renaissance Master, our concern is to do full justice to your numerous accomplishments. 2005 would be a good starting point. How you managed a tour de force return to power, surfing on talks of a new Mauritian society with less divide between the rich and the poor. And then, the culprits were judiciously found. Not profiteers that have plundered our island and continue to do so irrespective of colour or religion but the very niche segment that you referred to as "l'oligarchie sucrire". Historically, the ravages of colonialism meant that you had solid ground to make your case. Still, it amazed us how you the Unifier of People would choose to part us. But it would be impudent on our behalf to question your strategy to create a more equal society. When in power, democratisation took a whole new definition under your liberating influence. Progressives had dreamt of a society where the wealth in a few hands would be transferred to thousands of them and those suffering in our society would get to breathe. Still, the balance of power has not shifted as of yetBut the blame cannot rest upon you. We believe that the former Minister of Finance must have worked in opaqueness, not bothering to inform you of the overtly liberal nature of his measures. For, thou cannot be wrongat least not in the eyes of the sociocultural organizations that back you vehemently.

Another of your great successes lies in how you managed to create a dependent society with the offering of freebies to the population. How the empowerment of the people was often best aligned with its silence and passiveness. And it is best this wayFor what would the masses know about hedging (truth be told, even experts in leading domestic organizations fail to master it as of yet) or sustainable development, or what would they know about the education system. The children of Mauritius are formidably equipped to learn by heart and not think too much. For thinking is no small matter. And there have been great thinkers during your rule. Too many to list in one article only. Can we ever be grateful to you, the pride of Mauritius in Africa, for having done so much for the parastatal bodies? Placing only the finest candidates at the head of the country's vital organisations. The CEB, Air Mauritius and STC to name but a few. Your greatness must have inspired them to perform so diligently, no doubt boosted by the spirit of patriotism to turn these organizations into modern, transparent and efficient ones. But let us stop here. Lest we cannot contain our praises for too long. God Save Mauritius. CHETAN RAMCHURN La Jeunesse Militante * Dr Navinchandra Ramgoolam GCSK, Saviour of the People, Our Enlightened Guide, Personal Friend of World Leaders, Proof Reader of The Minister of External affairs's speeches and so much more.

Mea Culpa Patria by Fabiani Balisson on behalf of La Jeunesse Militante/ Le Mauricien 14/03/11
Aprs le faste de ton anniversaire, je me tiens devant toi, empli de honte et de culpabilit, ma Mre Patrie. Tes enfants ont failli la tche de te glorifier. Frache est ta beaut, doux est ton parfum Nous dtruisons arbres et forts pour faire place au bitume et au bton sans mme penser ta conservation, bien qu'il ne te reste plus que deux pour-cent de ta beaut endmique. Je comprends ta jalousie quand ta sur Runion se pavane devant toi avec son charpe de Patrimoine mondial de l'Humanit. En paix, justice et libert 1968. Les chanes du colonialisme se sont rompues et l'le Maurice a pris son envol. Toutefois, l'indpendance n'est pas une rcompense, c'est une responsabilit envers notre pays bien aim. Avec la mgalomanie viscrale de certains dirigeants, on n'est pas l'abri de finir comme Icare. Quarante-trois ans aprs, des groupuscules autoproclams porte-parole de leurs communauts respectives, n'ont

d'autres aspirations et de fusil d'paule que de protger " zot bann, rod zot bout " et d'touffer la libert d'expression d'autrui. Il semblerait pour eux que si l'on pense, on ose critiquer au lieu d'obir : l'indpendance de l'esprit devient un crime La corruption, le npotisme, les passe-droits sont autant de perversions dont nous tmoignons de manire impuissante au quotidien. Le peuple sous anesthsie gnrale, assomm par les augmentations de prix injustifies, s'est rsolu la fatalit qui se rsume ainsi : " moralit pa ranpli vant ". En rsulte une course frntique vers les jeux de hasard, la prostitution et la drogue. A chacun sa faon de " tracer " et de s'vader. Nous voici tous debout ! La nation se construit toujours. Chacun a le devoir d'apporter sa pierre l'difice et de le consolider afin de lguer aux gnrations futures une le Maurice qui soit un seul peuple et une seule nation. Le seul cadeau que je puisse t'offrir, Mre Patrie, c'est l'espoir de notre jeunesse. Que Dieu te bnisse Aujourd'hui et toujours ! Fabiani Balisson On behalf of Jeunesse Militante

Talking about a revolution? Jeunesse Militante L'Express 11/03/2011


Talking about a revolution? Met a leech some weeks back. But leech is certainly not the politically correct term. Met someone close to the power bearers not too long from now. He was a man of few words. Sadly, not few enough to spare me from his self-adoring moments. My comment on the fact that he had reached the heights of the corporate world only because His Benefactor had placed his caring hand on him had ruffled him. Funnily, he spoke of morality. As unnatural in his mouth as a speech in Hindi from Navin would. Immoral people tend to be highly sensitive when they are confronted with the truth. Such species usually have a pathological need to veil themselves behind titles and decorations as well as a thinly veiled arrogance.

The VIL (Very Important Leech) had started as a front line employee in one of the countrys leading companies and escalated from there to the top blessed by the good graces of the Saviour of the people. In the meantime, he had bred his own army of leeches. The latter were devoted to him and had been diligently parachuted in the organisation where he worked. New members were admitted occasionally in the leech society. Thus, one of them had been hired because his wife had good ties with a key person in the country. Leeches are generally very supportive of each other.

Having racketed taxpayers millions of their hard earned money through a golden handshake, he had still managed to find a place in one of the most important companies of Mauritius when his clique found its way to power in 2005. Now preying over a post of higher calibre (Read with a more generous package), the VIL is patiently waiting to switch from one parastatal body to another. My hate is not against this particular person. I simply cannot accept a situation where some people are more equal than others. Let me add that not all political nominees are incompetent. Unfortunately, the worthless largely outnumber those that are honest and capable. Those who are familiar with the French Revolution will recall that the population had had enough of an unfair system whereby there were different rules for different categories of people. At one point, most could no longer bear with a stance where privilegium est quasi private lex. This is similar to what is happening in our Motherland at the moment... Will there be a revolution in Mauritius? It has already started. Minds are in the process of evolving, not in terms of switching political allegiance but rather in terms of thinking as one group of people, as One Nation. One voice that says No to leeches, to incompetents, to opaque financing, to the monopoly on wealth by a few, to nepotism and despotism and la pense unique. And it will materialise when we foster solidarity among ourselves. Then only will a new Mauritius be builtpeople by people, street by street, neighbourhood by neighbourhoodall united around one same goal. The march towards freedom has begun. Chetan Ramchurn President of La Jeunesse Militante

Interview of a 43 year old by Kugan Parapen on behalf of La Jeunesse Militante/ Le Mauricien 09/03/11
So tell me, how does it feel to be 43? Well, I'm not getting any younger for a start but I feel there's still a long way to go and this brings me hope. Hope that my life will change for the better, hope that my offsprings will rise to the challenge, hope that tomorrow will be sunnier than yesterday. I can sense much sadness in your words. It can't have been that bad, can it? No, of course there have been some great moments. The radiant faces celebrating my birth, the coming together of my children for the Indian Ocean games of 1985 and 2003, the revolutionary mood of the seventies culminating in that 1982 electoral backlash among others. But I feel we tend to repeat the same mistakes over and over again. We are not learning our lessons. On the contrary, we are allowing divisive forces threaten our unity time and time again. Why do you think this is so? Hmmm...I think the biggest culprit are my politicians. They have played this game of divide and rule for so long now that suspicion and mistrust have become second nature. You know, when I was 15 years old, I thought this would only be temporary; a consequence of my immaturity. But alas, I was wrong. One day, however, my tree will provide

enough shade for everyone to feel at home and welcome. In all honesty, while I shower my children with all my love, many of them tend to treat me as a step mother. With such mentality, I'm afraid we are going nowhere. Since you brought it up, let me pop the question. What is your appreciation of the current crop of politicians? Current crop? You must be joking. As far as I can remember, they have monopolised the stage forever. It is high time for most of them to make way. Some have lost touch with reality, some have mutated from coaltar warriors to couch potatoes, while the few special ones are still going strong and doing what they do best: manipulating my children with their nazi-esque propaganda and playing their sordid 'Who wants to be a corrupted millionaire?' behind the scenes. A very bleak picture indeed...any hope? Listen, our saviour will not come from the sky. Our saviour is my youth. They need to understand the true meaning of politics. I'm sickened when I hear them say that they are not interested in politics because it does not make a difference in their lives. Can you believe that? But this is not the worst. Some of them actually believe that the rationale behind politics is to make money. Pathetic, but who's to balme? The Medpoint family maybe? Haha, funny guy. But trust me, they are not the only ones. Could we wind up the interview please? I need to nourish the Lotto family. We all do! Well, let me thank you for your precious time and wish you a happy 43rd birthday. Any conclusion? Thanks. A birthday is a celebration of an existence. To all those who believe in me, I say keep fighting. Justice will prevail one day. One day, you will all be Mauritians... Kugan Parapen

3 Credits to the Minister of Education, Hip Hip Hip Hourahh by Kugan Parapen/MMM Youth Wing/L'Express Dimanche 06/02/11
Whatever has happen to our edukation system. As if being toiled so many time in ze past were not enouf, now we is serve with the latest creation : 3 Credits!

I try hard to understan my Minister of Edukation. May bee he like ze childs of Mauritius, may bee he want us to make parent proud, may bee he want childs to have nice job, or may bee he want to be best Minister of Edukation ever.

Bekause down ze line, statistic wud be very gud. Minister would av acheved miracle. Minister would receve felicitation from collegues for improving proportion of childs doing Higher Skool Certificate. And zen?

Well, zen is ze mystery. I try hard to see. If Cambridge lower difikulty of papers and lower severity of corection, zen number of childs wid HSC increase. Minister receive felicitation again for double miracle. But zen, I want go to university. But no place! Ah, but then Minister find sum Indian investor and create campus in Mauritius and create new rule, the 1 Pass HSC rule! By zis time, Minister is hero and awarded Grand Commander of Star and Key of Indian Ocean. Now, I want good job. I av University degree my friend. Employer happy, qualified labor suply increase, wage go down, profit go trough ze roof.

But wat if Cambridge do not play Minister game. Zen parent probably pay for HSC fee two year in a row. But stil, I not get HSC certificate. Parent send me to IVTB and I become skilled manual worker. At the end of day, I ask myself ze benefit of ze 3 credits for pasage in HSC class to my society. I think hard and except than diluting ze labor market wid more man power competing for similar jobs, I cannat find any.

If Minister want me and other childs get HSC and degree, then give me beter education. Help me develop. I do not want competition at 12. Give me potential develop my skill. Not everyone iz good at academic subject. My sister good singer but no one care. My brother dribble everyone in football but no oportunity. Not everyone must work in ofshore or bank. Give everyone chance to develop what they good at. Create diversity in ze economy Minister.

Minister, statistic lie as much as politician lie. Statistic good in future for you, but reality diferent Minister, diferent...next time for Independence Day of country, I shout 3 credits to Minister, hip hip hip hourrah while tear roll down my cheek thinking of inocent victim of genocide of soul of country bekoz edukation system, bad edukation system. Change system Minister, do not change statistic Minister!

My Mauritian Dream By Ridwaan Beehary/Lexpress 04..02/2011


MY MAURITIAN DREAM A new year begins. 2011 will surely bring fresh hopes in the heart of the population. And many challenges as well. Challenges to the Government, to the Opposition and to all Mauritians in general. I remember a few months back, more precisely on the 18th of November 2010, the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Hon. Pravind Jugnauth, while delivering his budget speech, made reference to THE MAURITIAN DREAM. Immediately I started thinking about derogation from the famous AMERICAN DREAM. The dream of a prosperous future where each and every citizen would have the opportunity to achieve personal success irrespective of race, colour, religion or social background, but to be determined rather on hard work, commitment and dedication. For a young person like me, such a dream should have made me quite enthusiastic. However, I did not get carried away. Why? Simply because I am quite well aware of the existence of certain Mauritian Realities as I get to often hear them from some of our dear fellow politicians. I should say that I have always believed and will always believe that all people are born equal.

Mauritianism gone missing.. However, I have witnessed unsavoury episodes where some people seem to be more equal than others. Sounds funny, isnt it? I kept thinking how it would be possible to create a MAURITIAN DREAM in a country where individual protectionism and favouritism widely exist? Where religious lobbies are being empowered instead of the population being empowered? Then I thought to myself. Do we consider ourselves to be sufficiently Mauritians in order to be able to have a MAURITIAN DREAM? Establishing the pillars for a New Mauritius The fundamental basis of that dream should in fact be based on values before anything else. In fact, I should call them the real MAURITIAN VALUES; mutual respect among the population, secularism, patriotism, meritocracy, hard work and dedication. And not on political favouritism, mind corruption, racial divisions and beautiful words that only sound good and that are never followed by concrete actions. The MAURITIAN DREAM has got absolutely no sense of meaning if it is not based on Mauritian Values. But let us remain optimistic. We would not want to start a new year with negative feelings. Challenges exist and shall continue to exist. Cant we create a MAURITIAN DREAM if each and every one of us unites around the same purpose? YES WE CANAND WE WILL. Ridwaan BEEHARRY On behalf of JEUNESSE MILITANTE (MMM Youth Wing)

Medpoint and the Power Syndrome in Mauritius/L'Express 01.02.2011 by the MMM Youth Wing
In a short story entitled The Man, the writer depicts the situation akin to that of an African country where one civilian has slayed the countrys ruthless leader; a tyrant who thrives on fear and who lives in a well-secured palace far from the access of any ordinary citizen. Back in my high school days, the tale was of special interest to me. Its writer Emmanuel Dongala, unfortunately not as well known as his peers Achebe or Soyinka, used sarcasm brilliantly showing a population had been subdued and how excessive power could cripple a whole country for the benefit of a few The immorality of our land Somewhere along the way, we gave up on ourselves. Citizenship became too burdensome and was thus redefined to stand for occasional rants on radio waves and one voting expedition on a 5 year basis. Post 1983, the notion of solidarity meant less and less to most of us. Materialism kicked in, corruption bloomed and partisanship won against patriotism. While scandals piled up, the population found the magic line to relieve itself from any moral burden, Zot tou cokin. Few bothered to change this state of affairs. Occasionally, Jack Bizlall would shout his hate at this festering system. We would all applaud his courage and get back to our passive mode. Despots mushroomed during this period, duly rewarded by the kings of the day with undeserved nominations in the countrys elite companies. Mauritius became a

country where moral values were relegated to hollow speeches prior to the elections. The case for active citizenship The citizen as an agent of change is a concept that we chose to relinquish. In France, what Cabu satirically termed the Manifeste des 343 salopes in the Le Nouvel Observateur showed that civil disobedience was very much pertinent. In Tunisia, Bouazizis death sparked in its aftermath the end of an unfair system. Could we like them take to the streets and manifest our discontent in front of the Prime Ministers Office? Or else could we start a petition with hundreds of thousands of us asking for total transparency in the medpoint case? Or like Thoreau did, should we refuse to pay taxes for expenses that have been incurred in total opaqueness? The avenues to express our disagreement are many. What is still missing is the will to change things. The citizen is dead. Long live the citizen. Chetan Ramchurn On behalf of the Jeunesse Militante

Young People and Politics/L'Express Weekly/14/01/2011


I have always wondered how any politician can get his work done for his constituents when all he seems to be doing the year round is getting ready for the next election. They are either campaigning to be elected or once elected, running for re-election. Is it the political system or is it the wrong ideals that makes these people behave this way? After all, the common man votes for a particular candidate hoping he will solve their problems. While campaigning of course these candidates fall over themselves promising to move heaven and earth to do whatever it takes to find solutions to everyones problem whereas once the elections are over, very little or nothing is done. The next time you see him is when hes at your door asking your vote for re-election. Disillusioned with politics The youth of today on the whole are not really interested in politics, calling it a game of wheeling and dealing. But the reality of politics is just that. Its only the ones with a sense of idealism that are attracted to politics hoping to make a difference in the world. Before entering politics, they honestly think so and wonder why their peers cannot understand this when its a simple case of doing what is right and good for the people. But, as we all know, todays politics have nothing to do with ideals and is far more a case of you rub my back and Ill do the same for you. Its only when he gets into it he realizes that politics is in fact everything to do with wheeling and dealing and nothing gets done without money and power. What happens in the end is that unless the new politician joins the band wagon, his chances of being re-elected are almost zero and if he does follow the rest, he will have hardly any chance of acting on his ideals or keeping up to the promises made to his voters. He will after all be a very small grain of sand in a vast ocean that can hardly create a ripple of any consequence. Once his backers with the same sort of ideals realize this, they in turn become disillusioned and arrive at the conclusion that once inside, all politicians are the same and this makes the present day youth move away from politics. Those who enter the game with their eyes and minds wide open and who come from a political background are the ones who survive, because they know what to expect and are ready with their own weapons to carve a niche for themselves.

But the only remedy for this disease is exercising our power to vote and discharge the duties of a responsible citizen. One has to traverse the hard way in order to bring about a change for the better. Until and unless we do not put our hands in the muck, it will stay there forever and stagnate even more. Passing the buck wont help. Almost every field today has its bit of muck, it is just that politics is not as glamorous and convenient an option to opt for. Changing existing mindsets The media can play a great role in motivating the youth to join politics. Attitudinal changes need to be brought about by reporting of positive changes and developments in politics and not just negative or cynical news stories or polishing our PM image on TV every day, which is boring and disgusting for the youth to watch. By covering events where the youth has helped in shaping the course of important political issues, the media can compel changes in the existing mindsets. Our youth should be inspired by their American counterparts who have brought about a revolution in American politics by electing Barack Obama, a young Afro-American leader as Americas President. In fact, Internet and technology played a major role in influencing this historical event. Presidential debates were facilitated by means of sites like You Tube where the American youth were given a forum to address their concerns and queries to the Presidential candidates which proved to be a huge success. We all know that a nation's future will be determined by its youth, even the old clich approved of that. The depoliticisation process or in simpler terms, a disengagement from the world of politics that the youth in Mauritius is facing today can be remedied. It is said that In every year of history one law has invariably proved its unchanging truth: youth will always triumph over age. This rhetoric can surely be turned into reality if the youth desires.</span> Krishna JADUNUNDUN On behalf of MMM Youth Wing L'express weekly - Friday 14 January 2011

Oh Vision, Where art thou? L'Express Dimanche 12/12/2010

Oh Vision, Where art thou?


Fighting for a cause has something noble to it. Drives you, keeps you going in a direction when others have given upThis is what is missing from our governing leaders. For, they have bartered systemic changes for sugar-coated, dj vu measures with solely the political gains in mind. And since la population a bon dos, it has again been toyed with, reduced to the role of the sedated guinea pig under the expert hands of seasoned politicians.

System Error
Accordingly, the middle-class pilfering measures introduced under the second prime ministership of Navin and defended back then with table shattering vehemence in the parliament, have been scrapped, duly applauded by objective experts. The issue lies not with this budget, one in a long list of uninspiring bookkeeping exercises, but with the way the system has been perverted over the years by our leaders absence of vision. The dearth of

accountability and transparency should have been at the centre of a new budget. Greater integrity first and foremost should have been introduced in the sphere most pertinent in the running of a country; politics. For a thriving Mauritius to ever exist, the financing of political parties should have been the cornerstone of an ennobling of politics movement.

Of public education
Another pressing issue for the governing alliance is the loss of trust of people in state offered services. How public schooling, once the pride of our country has been seen as grossly inadequate for the creation of a new Mauritius. A knowledge hub is not built simply by promises of offering laptops and talks of additional student capacity in tertiary institutions. More importantly, it encompasses the need for more qualified teachers and a broader education curriculum. Similarly, the goal of our education system should have incorporated more humane elements such as the fostering of care for the downtrodden. Would 6 months spent after ones HSC/BAC exams for the good of the country serving those in need not be something that would inculcate a greater sense of care for others?

Empowering the citizen


Mauritians are atrophied to scandals; they have witnessed fact finding committees over the years as futile as Ramgoolams outbursts against David Miliband. The first step would be to reconnect the Citizen to the society through local communities, empowering him or her to participate in the decision making of his country at the level of his neighbourhood. The absence of place for contestation would also be curbed. In the same vein, the creation of highly dependent citizens through freebies is crippling for a country. Offering all Mauritians a level playing field should be at the centre of concerns of a serious government.

Fairness and The Mauritian Dream


A greater degree of autonomy to public bodies would be a welcomed addition to the Mauritian landscape with real independence in the hiring of people, in the allocation of contracts amongst others. It would also allow power to be decentralised effectively from the central government and put greater onus on some of the institutions to deliver. The Mauritian dream, if limited to monetary terms, shows a lack of concern for moral values and one that thrives on consumption. What we need is a mindset change that helps people realise their full potential through a system that applies equally to each and every one of us.

The toxic adversarial nature of the domestic political climate can lead relatively reasonable people to foolish acts, which offers us, if not of sensible thoughts, at least grants us moments of comic relief. The opposing alliances PR stunt of having seasoned political figures that live and die by the party line use the term Laile Jeune to indulge in a

Budget appreciation exercise at least made us chuckle.

Written by the Youth for the Youth. Alvin Veeren, Krishna Jadunundun and Chetan Ramchurn On behalf of Jeunesse Militante.

Mauritius the flawed economic model/By Kugan Parapen/L'Express Weekly 19.11.2010


Mauritius, the flawed economic model Artists are always subject to different interpretations. At the end of the day, the endorsement of the artist is down to how popular the artist turns out to be. Popularity is all but a marketing concept; if one can project the image of popularity, one will be popular... This brings us to the tenure of Hon. N.Ramgoolam as Prime Minister since 2005. The performance of the incumbent government cannot be disaggregated from that of the previous majority (Alliance Sociale) for the simple reason that it is driven by the same political party, Labour. Hence the economic philosophy of our Minister of Finance can only be a variant of that of his predecessor. Before assessing the present economic model, it is important to go back to the eve of the 2005 elections to understand the context in which such a model was created... Mo pou change ou la vie dans 100 jours Those now sadly famous words were the backdrop to a fundamental change in our economic model. By the own admission of R.Sithanen, N.Ramgoolam, facing an impending legislative defeat, asked him to come up with populist measures. Obsessed with power, the leader of the Labour party could not care less about the long-term impact of those measures; what mattered at the time was to win, whatever it took. So, free transport, flat direct taxes and universal pensions were pulled out of the hat of the magician and the reds prevailed. Those measures had a cost whose real value is still to be ascertained. The politically-infused generosity of 2005 meant that extra sources of revenues had to be found to balance the books. A budget is a zero-sum game- what has been given will be somehow removed. Actually, Labour financed their electoral promises by introducing new taxes (NRPT, Tax on Interest) and removing subsidies (HSC/SC). Last but not least, the gambling culture was introduced, the target being the collection of the concealed indirect tax on gambling. One could argue that this was merely a cunning political plan. I beg to differ - the measures of 2005 have changed the Mauritian economic model and if unaltered, will have deep economic and social ramifications. Gambling is no more a hobby but a style of life. Older generations would queue in front of banks to save their hard earned money. Of late, it has been a completely different story. People still queue but its the location which has changed. Off-course betting shops, Lotto outlets and casinos have literally captured the people. The lure of easy money is too tempting to resist. While old timers have a go at bank owners for borrowing their capital and rewarding them with low interest rates, new generations are more than happy to risk their capital and give it to gambling stakeholders. Coupled with a high VAT rate and very low income taxes, it is no more a case of a widening of the gap between the rich and the poor but actually the painful reality of the poor getting poorer in absolute terms and the

rich richer. Because let us not fool ourselves, the proportion of Lotto players who are poor is very high! To hear government officials say that they are highly taxing this weekly lottery and redistributing it to the poor is pathetic, revolting and aberrant; you don't take a rupee from me and give me 50 cents back and expect me to thank you. Madagascar, you are next :( Present day Mauritius has topped many tables related to the business vacuum. Business activity is paramount to a healthy economy and the recent boom has to do with a low tax policy, a relatively cheap labour force and favourable exchange rates; this is unlikely to perdure, wages are likely to lose some competitiveness, more attractive fiscal paradises will pop up elsewhere and business vultures will eventually emigrate. We should gear our policies on offering innovative quality products instead on constantly relying on being the cheapest. This inevitably demands a better education system and a new mentality and realising the potential of our resources. Also one should not forget that the real measure of progress in an economy is an amalgam of economic and social factors. My vision of the future is unfortunately that of a segregated frustrated society where the poor will have less and less to lose, with the middle class living barricaded indoors fearing the man who has nothing to lose and the rich financing the elections and enjoying life under the tropics. All this disturb my belief in the future of the country and makes me think that we are sitting on a socioeconomic time bomb. Hopefully I'm wrong and Mauritius will prosper and come together as one. Let me conclude by quoting a true artist: "You can fool some people sometimes, but you can't fool the people all the time" Kugan Parapen On behalf of Jeunesse Militante

The Young Politician's Pledge/L'Express Weekly


Young Politicians Pledge Zenes Militant/ L'Express Weekly 24/09/10 Mauritius is divided. Torn from within, in the name of religion, race, colour, political affi liation and what not. Slashed by zealous politicians, by socio- cultural organisations, by the power brokers of the day. Our Motherland is one where politics is the Art of Demagogy - of foolish bickering, of sloganeering and hollow rhetoric, of lies and deceit, of mundane batailles de foules fuelled by the temptation of free food and beachgoing- buses. Our society is one where education cripples minds rather than empowers people, where no accountability is expected from our leaders, where we have given up on ourselves lulled by false promises and the comfort of the status quo Still we believe that this can be changed E pluribus unum For the goal of every young politician should be to federate the many around a set of values that each and everyone can adhere to - the nobleness of serving and sharing, the importance of fairness and honesty, the greatness of tolerance. It needs to be a movement built on solid grounds that can defi ne the fate of present and future generations The creation of a new political landscape where parties would no longer attack each other senselessly and where public opinion would no longer be manipulated shamelessly is also pertinent in achieving a

real change. Of equal importance is the understanding of what is meant by a fairer distribution of wealth. Does the democratisation of the economy refer to an attempt to tilt the balance from the historic bourgeoisie to the state supported one? Or does it involve a real inculcation of the entrepreneurship spirit to citizens and greater transparency in commercial spheres? There is an aching need for a more humane economic order. We, the youth, are now being called upon to fi nally seize our countrys destiny. Like those in 1969, let us mark our era