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UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL & NATURAL RESOURCES ENGINEERING


BUM 2123 APPLIED CALCULUS


Tutorial 1: Polar Coordinates & Vector

EXERCISES

1. Sketch and identify the curve defined by the parametric equations
a) 1 2
2
+ = = t y t t x
b) t t y t x 4 1
2
= + =
c) 4 3 , 2 5 2
2
s s = = t t y t x
d) t 2 0 , 2 cos 2 sin s s = = t t y t x

2. Sketch the curve by eliminating the parametric and indicate the direction of
increasing t.
(a)


(b)
(c)
(d)


3. Find the exact arc length of the curve over the stated interval
a) 16 1 , 2 2
4
3
s s = = t t y t x
b) t s s = + = t t t y t t x 0 , cos sin cos sin


3. Plot the point whose polar coordinates are given. Then find two other pairs of
polar coordinates of this point, one with 0 > r and one with 0 < r .
a) |
.
|

\
|
2
, 1
t
b) |
.
|

\
|

4
, 2
t
c) ( ) 2 , 3

4. Plot the point whose polar coordinates are given. Then find the Cartesian
coordinates of the point.
a)
|
.
|

\
|
2
, 3
t
b)
|
.
|

\
|
4
3
, 2 2
t
c)
|
.
|

\
|

3
, 1
t


5. The Cartesian coordinates of a point are given.
(i) Find polar coordinates ( ) u , r of the point, where 0 > r and t u 2 0 < s .
(ii) Find polar coordinates ( ) u , r of the point, where 0 < r and t u 2 0 < s .
a) ( ) 1 , 1 b) ( ) 2 , 3 2


6. Sketch the region in the plane consisting of points whose polar coordinates
satisfy the given conditions.
a) 2 1 s s r b)
6 2
, 4 0
t
u
t
< s < s r
c)
3
7
3
5
, 3 2
t
u
t
s s < < r

7. Identify the curve by finding a Cartesian equation for the curve.
a) 2 = r b) u sin 3 = r c) u csc = r

8. Find a polar equation for the curve represented by the given Cartesian equation.
a) 3 = x b)
2
y x =

9. Find the area of the region enclosed by one loop of the curve
a)
sin2 r u =
b)
3cos5 r u =


10. Find the area of the region that lies inside both curve
a) sin , cos r r u u = =
b) 3 2sin , 2 r r u = + =


11. Sketch the points ( ) ( ) 1 , 0 , 4 , 2 , 5 , 0 and ( ) 2 , 1 , 1 on a single set of coordinate axes.

12. Find both the standard representation as well as standard component of the
vector PQ, and the find the PQ .
a) ( ) 3 , 1 , 1 P , ( ) 4 , 1 , 1 Q b) ( ) 1 , 1 , 1 P , ( ) 3 , 3 , 3 Q


13. Find the parametric and symmetric equations for the lines(s) passing through the
given points with the properties described in below problems:
a)
( ) 1, 1, 2 ; parallel to 3 2 5 + i j k
b) ( )
5 2
1, 3, 6 ; parallel to
1 3 5
x y z +
= =



14. Find the points of intersection of each line in below problems with each of the
coordinate planes.
a)
4 3 2
4 3 1
x y z + +
= = b) 6 3 , 2 , 2 x t y t z t = + = =

15. In below problems, tell whether the two lines intersect, are parallel, are skew, or
coincide. If they intersect, give the point of intersection.
a)
4 6 2 2 3
;
2 3 5 4 6 10
x y z x y z + +
= = = =


b) 4 2 , 6 , 7 4 ; 5 , 1 3 , 3 2 x t y t z t x t y t z t = = = = + = = +
c) 6 , 1 9 , 3 ; 1 2 , 4 3 , x t y t z t x t y t z t = = + = = + = =
d) 1 2 , 3 , 2 ; 1 , 4 , 1 3 x t y t z t x t y t z t = + = = = + = + = +
e)
1 2 3 2 1
;
2 3 4 3 2
y z x y z
x

= = = =



16. Show that the vector 7 4 3 v = i + j + k is orthogonal to the line passing through the
points P(-2,2,7) and Q(3,-3,2).

17. Find an equation for the plane that contains the point P and has the normal vector
N given in problems below:
a) ( 1, 3, 5); 2 4 3 P = + N i j k b) (0, 3, 0); 2 3 P = + N i k

18. Find an equation for the plane that contains the point
( ) 2,1, 1 and is orthogonal
to the line
3 1
3 5 2
x y z +
= = .

19. Find a plane that passes through the point
( ) 1, 2, 1 and is parallel to the plane
2 3 1 x y z + = .

20. Show that the line
1 1 2

2 3 4
x y z +
= = is parallel to the plane 2 6 x y z + = .

21. Find the point where the line
1 1
2 1 3
x y z +
= =

intersects the plane 3 2 5 x y z + =


.

22. Find an equation for the line that passes through the point
( ) 2,3,1 P and is parallel
to the line of intersection of the planes 2 3 4 and 2 0 x y z x y z + = + = .

In question 23-30, sketch the surface ) , ( y x f z = .
23.
2 2
y x z + = 24. 13 6 4
2 2
+ + + = y x y x z
25.
16 9
1
2 2
y x
z = 26.
2 2
9 4 y x z + =
27.
2 2
y x z + = 28.
2 2
9 y x z + =
29.
2 2
4 y x z = 30.
2 2
4 y x z + + =


In question 15-17, sketch the graphs of the equations in 3-dimensions by using the fact
that it is a surface.
31. 11 4 3 2 = + + z y x
32. 13 4 3 = + z y
33. y z sin =

In equation 34-45, sketch the graph of the equations in three dimensions, and identify the
surface.
34.
2
4 y z = 35.
2
x z =
36. 16
2 2
= + y x 37. 9
2 2
= + y z
38.
x
e z = 39. 144 36 9 16
2 2 2
= + z y x
40. 9 9
2 2 2
= z x y 41. 0 9 16 36
2 2 2
= + z y x
42. y z x = + 1
2 2
43. 49 4 9
2 2 2
= + + z y x
44. 9
2 2
= x y 45. 1 2
2 2
+ + = y y x z

46. Sketch the graph of the following equations in the three dimensions.
a)
1 = + y x b) 25
2
= x z
c)
2 2
) 1 ( y x z + = d) 4
2 2
= + z y
f)
2 2
9 y x z = e)
2 2
y x z + =

In question 47-50 sketch the level surface of the function for 1 = k
47.
2 2 2
) , , ( z y x z y x f + + = 48.
2 2
) , , ( y x z y x f + =
49. z y x z y x f 3 2 ) , , ( + + = 50.
2 2
) , , ( y x z z y x f + =

51. An equation is given in cylindrical coordinates. Express the equation in
rectangular coordinates and sketch the graph.
(a) (b)


(c) (d)



52. An equation is given in spherical coordinates. Express the equation in rectangular
coordinates and sketch the graph.
(a) (b)
(c) (d)

53. An equation of a surface is given in rectangular coordinates. Find an equation of
the surface in (i) cylindrical coordinates and (ii) spherical coordinates.
(a)
(b)


(c)


(d)


(e)
(f)





ANSWERS

23. { } < < = = y x y x D , ) , ( , { } s s = z z R 0 :


9.
)
`

s + = = 1
16 9
) , (
2 2
y x
y x D , { } 1 0 : s s = z z R

11. { } < < < < = = y x y x D , ) , ( , { } < s = z z R 0 :


13. { } < < = = y x y x D , ) , ( , { } 4 : s < = z z R

14. { } < < = = y x y x D , ) , ( , { } < s = z z R 4 :



15. Graph in the first octant

16. Graph in the first octant

17. Graph in the first octant


18. Parabolic Cylinder

20. Circular cylinder

22. -

23. Hyperbolic of one sheet

24. Hyperbolic of one sheet



25. Cone

26. Paraboloid

27. Ellipsoid

28. Hyperbolic cylinder






29. Hyperbolic cylinder

30.


31. { }; 25 ) , , (
2 2 2
s + + = = z y x z y x D { } 5 0 : s s = w w R
0 ) 0 , 4 , 3 ( = w , 4 ) 3 , 0 , 0 ( = w

32. Ellipsoid


33. Circular cylinder


35. Cone