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Statistics highest academic age bracket N Valid Missing Minimum Maximum 60 0 1.00 4.00 position held 60 0 1.00 3.

00 qualification 60 0 1.00 3.00 working experience 60 0 1.00 4.00

form of training 60 0 1.00 2.00

Statistics choise of procedure/seekin g and evaluating alternative planing N Valid Missing Minimum Maximum 60 0 4.00 4.00 risk assesment 60 0 3.00 4.00 solutions 60 0 2.00 4.00 means to solicit offers from bidders 60 0 3.00 4.00 examination and evaluation of offers 60 0 3.00 4.00

Statistics extent that accountability ultimate disposal of property at the awarding of contract N Valid Missing 60 0 contract management 60 0 end of its useful life 60 0 affect procurement process at Kemsa 60 0 process of internal protocol 60 0

Minimum Maximum

3.00 4.00

3.00 4.00

2.00 4.00

2.00 5.00

4.00 5.00

Statistics government officials use accountability is governments obligation to demonstrate effectiveness in carrying out goals and producing the types of services frequency of audit report N Valid Missing Minimum Maximum 60 0 3.00 5.00 reporting lines of the reports 60 0 3.00 4.00 that the public wants and needs 60 0 4.00 5.00 lack of adequate internal controls creates opportunities for corruption 60 0 3.00 4.00 discretion to license and acredit health facilities, providers, services and products, opening risk of abuse of power and use of resources 60 0 3.00 5.00

Statistics clinical care providers exercise discretion by making decisions about the amount and types of health care should havce extent that ICT ADOPTION AFFECT PROCUREMEN KEMSA information systems which measure how inputs are used to produce outputs watchdog organizations health boards or other civic organizations to demand explaination of results

services a patient T PROCESS AT

Valid Missing Minimum Maximum

60 0 3.00 5.00

60 0 3.00 5.00

60 0 3.00 5.00

60 0 2.00 4.00

60 0 3.00 4.00

Statistics ICT enhance the procurement process in the public sector as it improve internal performance incentives to reward good performance N Valid Missing Minimum Maximum 60 0 3.00 4.00 sanctions for poor performance 60 0 3.00 5.00 efficiences by lowering costs and increasing productivity 60 0 1.00 5.00 Adopting ICT enables KEMSA to provide excellent services to their suppliers in an effective and transparent manner 60 0 3.00 5.00 Adopting ICT KEMSA meet todays procurement and operating challenges 60 0 3.00 5.00

Statistics

ICT adoption enhances the process of effective tendering through advertising, sourcing reviews, prequalification, potential for cost saving and greater awareness of new development N Valid Missing Minimum Maximum 60 0 3.00 5.00 extent that operations affect procurement process at KEMSA 60 0 3.00 5.00 Market approval (or registration) of pharmaceutical products is usually granted on basis of efficancy, safety and quality 60 0 3.00 5.00 complience with regulations affecting drug licensing, accredition and approvals can be costly for pharmaceutical companies wanting to market their products 60 0 3.00 5.00 conflict of interest can affect the setting of user fees for drugs registration 60 0 3.00 4.00

Statistics conflict of interest is also a concern if national experts receive compensation from pharmacies and drug stores require approval to operate N Valid Missing 60 0 companies that could influence their judgement 60 0 the selection of essential medicines in a given country drugs a great effect on procurement 60 0 60 0 consultative and quantification has transparent process extent that ethics affect procurement process at KEMSA 60 0

pharmaceutical uses defined and

Minimum Maximum

2.00 5.00

2.00 5.00

2.00 5.00

2.00 5.00

3.00 4.00

Statistics financial lack of management skills required to write technical specifications, supervise competitive bidding, monitor and evaluate the unethical drug dispensations, under and over prescriptions, fake and substandard drug circulation in the market too affect procurement N Valid Missing Minimum Maximum 60 0 3.00 5.00 contract performance among employees affect their ethical binding and hence procurement at KEMSA 60 0 3.00 5.00 functions contribute to proffessionalism, accountability and an efficient procurement system 60 0 3.00 5.00 malpractices also could occur at any stage of the process and influence decisions on the model of procurement (direct6 rather than separation of key competitive), on the type and volume of procured supplies, and on specifications and selection criteria ultimate a 60 0 1.00 4.00 tender bids evaluation take longer than exspected because the kenyan tender committee is investigated fro allegations of corruption 60 0 1.00 4.00

Statistics

manipulation of orders to increase the specialization in drug selection N Valid Missing Minimum Maximum 60 0 1.00 4.00 quantities of certain drugs 60 0 1.00 4.00 prejudice supplier qualification decisions 60 0 1.00 4.00 manaipulation of final awards of tender 60 0 1.00 4.00 slanting product specifications to limit competition 60 0 1.00 4.00