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# NUCLEAR POWER CORPORATION OF INDIA LTD (NPCIL) KAKARAPARA ATOMIC POWER PROJECT UNITS 3&4

Head Calculations from Clarified water sump to Degassified Tower of DM & Filtration Plant
Total Discharge No of pumps No of working pumps No of Standby pumps Discharge per pump Low water level in the clarified water sump Inlet Elevation in Degassified Tower a) = = = = = = = = = 200 0.056 3 2 1 100 0.028 99.7 108.2 m3/hr m3/s nos nos nos 3 m /hr 3 m /s m m

8.5

Friction loss calculation in pipes is as per Darcy Weisbach Formula Hf where Hf f L v g D = f x L x V2 2xgxd = = = = = = Head loss due to friction (m) friction factor Length of the pipe (m) velocity through pipe (m/s) Acceleration due to gravity (m/s2) Diameter of pipe (m)

b)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss on 150 mm dia Individual Delivery pipe from clarified water pump Diameter of delivery pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.45) Head loss in 150 mm dia Check valve (K = 2.5) - 1no Head loss in 150 mm dia Gate valve (K = 0.5) - 1no Head loss in 150 x 300 mm dia Tee (K = 0.9) - 1no Total head loss in delivery pipe Friction loss in delivery pipe, Total losses in 160 mm dia delivery side = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 150 154.08 MS 1.491 100 2 0.016 0.051 0.283 0.057 0.102 0.493 0.024 0.52 1.00 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m m m m

hl hl hl hl hl Hf

c) d)

## Clarified water sump Suction lift

Total losses in clarified water pump delivery & suction head (b) + (c)

1.52

e)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss on 250 mm dia Delivery header to DM Plant (Loop A) Diameter of delivery pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, V Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.42) - 10 nos Head loss in 45 Bend (K = 0.22) - 6 nos Head loss in 200 x 150 mm Tee (K = 0.28) - 1no Total losses in bends Friction loss in header pipe, Total losses in 250 mm dia pipe Hf & hl = = = = = = = = = = = = = 250 218.2 HDPE 1.49 200 1,000 0.013 0.48 0.15 0.03 0.66 6.532 7.19 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m m

hl hl hl hl Hf

Note :- 1. Quantity for nos of bends are taken from drawing No :- KAPP-3&4/70000/2011/GA 90 Bend - 8nos 45 Bend - 6nos 2. Additional bends considered in calculation as below for site requirements. 90 Bend - 2nos Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss on 250 mm dia common header pipe to PSF (Loop B) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.42) - 4 nos Head loss in Tee 200 x 150 mm (K = 0.28) Total head loss in inlet pipe Friction loss in inlet pipe, Total losses in 250 mm dia header pipe = = = = = = = = = = = = 250 254.46 MS 0.92 168 25 0.015 0.072 0.012 0.084 0.063 0.15 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m

f)

hl hl hl Hf

g)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss on 150 mm dia pipe intlet to PSF (Loop C) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.45) - 6 nos Head loss in 150 x 200 mm dia Tee (K = 0.9) - 1no Head loss in 150 mm dia Butterfly valve (K = 0.68) Head loss in 150 mm dia Butterfly control valve = = = = = = = = = = = 150 154.08 MS 1.490 100 10 0.016 0.305 0.102 0.003 0.300 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m

hl hl hl hl

Total head loss in intlet pipe Friction loss in intlet pipe, Total losses in 150 mm dia intlet pipe to PSF h) j) k) l) m)

hl Hf

= = =

m m m

## Total losses in Loop A + B + C (e + f + g)

Pressure drop through Resin (HR) Pressure drop in inlet distribution pipes Pressure drop in bottom collector hl hl hl

=
= = =

8.16
2.00 0.30 0.30

m
m m m

## Total Pressure drop in PSF (j) + (k) + (l)

2.60

n)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss on 150 mm dia header pipe outlet from PSF (Loop D) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.45) - 3 nos Head loss in 150 x 200 mm dia Tee (K = 0.90) - 1no Head loss in Strainer / resin or Media trap Head loss in 150 mm dia Butterfly valve (K = 0.68) Head loss in 150 mm dia Butterfly control valve Head loss in 150 mm dia orifice Total head loss in header pipe Friction loss in header pipe, Total losses in 200 mm dia header pipe outlet from PSF = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 150 154.08 MS 1.490 100 10 0.016 0.153 0.102 1.000 0.077 0.300 1.2 2.831 0.118 2.95 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m m m m m

hl hl hl hl hl hl hl Hf

o)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss in 150 mm dia header pipe from PSF outlet to ACF (Loop E) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.45) - 3 nos Head loss in 150 x 150 mm dia Tee (K = 0.30) - 1no Total head loss in inlet pipe Friction loss in inlet pipe, Total losses in 150 mm dia header pipe from PSF to ACF = = = = = = = = = = = = 150 154.08 MS 1.192 80 20 0.016 0.098 0.022 0.119 0.154 0.27 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m

hl hl hl Hf

p)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss in 100 mm dia pipe intlet to ACF (Loop F) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.5) - 4 nos Head loss in 100 mm dia Butterfly valve (K = 0.77) Head loss in 100 mm dia Butterfly control valve Head loss in 100 x 150 mm dia Tee (K = 1.02) - 1no Head loss in orifice Total head loss in outlet pipe Friction loss in outlet pipe, Total losses in 100 mm dia outlet pipe = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 150 154.08 MS 0.745 50 10 0.016 0.057 0.022 0.300 0.029 1.2 1.607 0.060 1.67 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m m m m

hl hl hl hl hl hl Hf

q) r) s) t) u)

## Total losses in Loop D + E + F (n + o + p)

Pressure drop through Resin (HR) Pressure drop in inlet distribution pipes Pressure drop in bottom collector hl hl hl

=
= = =

4.89
3.60 0.30 0.30

m
m m m

## Total Pressure drop in ACF (r) + (s) + (t)

4.20

v)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss in 100 mm dia pipe outlet from ACF (Loop G) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.5) - 3 nos Head loss in 100 mm dia Butterfly valve (K = 0.77) Head loss in 100 mm dia Butterfly control valve Head loss in 100 x 150 mm dia Tee (K = 1.02) - 1no Head loss in Strainer / resin or Media trap Head loss in orifice Total head loss in outlet pipe Friction loss in outlet pipe, Total losses in 100 mm dia outlet pipe = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 150 154.08 MS 0.745 50 10 0.016 0.042 0.022 0.300 0.029 1.000 1.2 2.593 0.060 2.65 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m m m m m

hl hl hl hl hl hl hl Hf

w)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss in 150 mm dia header pipe from ACF to SAC (Loop H) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.45) - 4 nos Head loss in 100 x 150 mm dia Tee (K = 0.30) - 1no Total head loss in inlet pipe Friction loss in inlet pipe, Total losses in 150 mm dia header pipe from ACF to SAC = = = = = = = = = = = = 150 154.08 MS 0.745 50 20 0.016 0.051 0.008 0.059 0.060 0.12 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m

hl hl hl Hf

x)

## Total losses in Loop G + H (v + w)

2.77

y)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss in 100 mm dia pipe intlet to SAC (Loop I) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.5) - 6 nos Head loss in 100 mm dia Diaphragm valve (K = 2.5) - 2 nos Head loss in 100 mm dia Butterfly valve (K = 0.77) - 2 nos Head loss in Strainer / resin or Media trap Head loss in 100 x 150 mm dia Tee (K = 1.02) - 2 nos Head loss in orifice Total head loss in outlet pipe Friction loss in outlet pipe, Total losses in 100 mm dia inlet pipe to SAC = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = hl hl hl = = = 150 154.08 MS 0.745 50 20 0.016 0.085 0.141 0.044 1.000 0.058 1.000 2.327 0.060 2.39 2.70 0.30 0.30 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m m m m m m m m

hl hl hl hl hl hl hl Hf

## z) a1) b1) c1)

Pressure drop through Resin (HR) Pressure drop in inlet distribution pipes Pressure drop in bottom collector

## Total Pressure drop in SAC (r) + (s) + (t)

3.30

d1)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss in 100 mm dia pipe outlet from SAC (Loop J) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.5) - 6 nos Head loss in 100 mm dia Diaphragm valve (K = 2.5) - 2 nos Head loss in Strainer / resin or Media trap Head loss in 100 x 150 mm dia Tee (K = 1.02) - 2 nos Total head loss in outlet pipe Friction loss in outlet pipe, Total losses in 100 mm dia outlet pipe from SAC = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 150 154.08 MSRL 0.745 50 20 0.016 0.085 0.141 1.000 0.058 1.284 0.060 1.34 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m m m

hl hl hl hl hl Hf

e1)

Calculation of Friction loss & Head loss in 150 mm dia header pipe from SAC to DGT (Loop K) Diameter of pipe Inside diameter of pipe Material Maximum velocity, v Flow, Q Length, L Friction factor, f Head loss in 90 Bend (K = 0.45) - 5 nos Head loss in 150 mm dia Diaphragm valve (K = 2.5) - 3 nos Head loss in 150 mm dia Butterfly valve (K = 0.68) - 1 no Total head loss in inlet pipe Friction loss in inlet pipe, Total losses in 150 mm dia header pipe from SAC to DGT = = = = = = = = = = = = = 150 154.08 MSRL 1.192 80 60 0.016 0.163 0.543 0.049 0.755 0.461 1.22 mm mm m/s m3/hr m m m m m m m

hl hl hl hl Hf

f1) g1) h1) j1) k1) l1) m1) n1) o1) p1) q1) r1) s1)

Total losses in Loop I + J + K (y + d1 + e1) Static head Total losses in clarified water pump delivery & suction lift Total losses in Loop (A + B + C) Total losses in Loop (D + E + F) Total losses in Loop (G + H) Total losses in Loop (I + J + K) Pressure drop in PSF Pressure drop in ACF Pressure drop in SAC Total Head 10% extra Provide head

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

4.95 8.50 1.52 8.16 4.89 2.77 4.95 2.60 4.20 3.30 40.89 44.98 45.00

m m m m m m m m m m m m m