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# UKCAT Sample Questions

2011
Verbal Reasoning Quantitative Reasoning Abstract Reasoning Decision Analysis

## 2011 Kaplan Test Prep and Admissions Ltd.

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## 2011 UKCAT Sample Questions Answers and Explanations

Verbal Reasoning Scottish Devolution Answers and Explanations 1. (A) True This statement needs to be evaluated carefully. Were told in the first paragraph that Dumfries & Galloway was one of two local authority areas in which a majority of voters were not in favour of a Scottish Parliament having tax-varying powers. So the percentage of voters in favour of this question in Dumfries & Galloway must be 50 per cent or less. Were also told that a majority of voters in every Scottish local authority area were in favour of having a Scottish Parliament. Dumfries & Galloway is one of these areas, so a majority of voters, or more than 50 per cent, were in favour of a Scottish Parliament. We dont know the exact number of voters in Dumfries & Galloway, but there must have been more in favour of a Scottish Parliament (at more than 50 per cent of voters) than were in favour of tax-varying powers for that parliament (a number of voters at or below 50 per cent). So the statement is True. 2. (B) False This statement is also rather challenging, and requires you to read and think very carefully. The last sentence of the second paragraph tells us that the Scottish Parliament can set the basic rate of income tax, as high as 3 pence in the pound. However, this statement says the Parliament can raise the existing basic rate of income tax by 3 pence in the pound. Thus there must already be a basic rate of income tax, unspecified here, which is to be raised. Whatever the starting basic rate, raising it by 3 pence in the pound would result in a basic rate of income tax above 3 pence to the pound, which takes the rate beyond the level the Scottish Parliament may set it. So the statement is False. 3. (C) Cant tell The passage tells us very little about the National Assembly for Wales; its existence is merely noted, in brackets, as one of the regional bodies to which certain powers have been devolved, or transferred, from the UK Parliament at Westminster. We are told in the next sentence that Health (including NHS issues in Scotland) are among the issues devolved to the Scottish Parliament, but we cannot infer from the passage that similar issues in Wales are devolved to the Welsh National Assembly. We simply know nothing from the passage about this Assembly, other than that it has some powers devolved to it. So the answer is Cant tell. 4. (A) True This statement requires you to do some maths, which shouldnt prove too difficult, so long as you dont misread the passage! Were told that Scotland is divided into 73 local constituencies, each with one local MSP, and also into 8 parliamentary regions, each with 7 regional MSPs. So there are 73 x 1 = 73 local MSPs, and 8 x 7 = 56 regional MSPs, for a total of 73 + 56 = 129 MSPs total in the Scottish Parliament. The statement is True.

## 2011 UKCAT Sample Questions Answers and Explanations

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4. (C) Occasionally the UKCAT will give you a question where the answers are new charts! These can be time-consuming. A good tip is to work backwards from the data in the answers, and see if you can eliminate any of them straightaway on this basis. In this instance, charts (A) and (B) include Italian as a second language. However, the question asks for a chart showing the second languages of students studying Italian. Thus, Italian cant be a second language choice, so we can eliminate (A) and (B). We can then scan the remaining three charts for differences in the data. For instance, all three remaining charts list the number of Japanese students as 3, and Portuguese students as 7. So we cannot determine which is correct on the basis of these students. So lets try Spanish: were told one student switches from Spanish and Italian to Italian only. There were 4 such students, so the number in our chart should be

## 2011 UKCAT Sample Questions Answers and Explanations

3. That eliminates (D). Originally there were 7 students studying French and Italian; were told that 3 switch out of this group, and 1 new student joins during the autumn term. Thus the total number of French and Italian students in our chart should be 5, and the answer is (C).

Abstract Reasoning Answers and Explanations 1. (A) This set is all about colours and sides. In Set A, the total number of sides on the white shapes in each item is equal to the total number of sides on the black shapes. In Set B, the total number of sides on the white shapes is twice the total number of sides on the black shapes. The size, arrangement or type of shapes is irrelevant. Our first test shape includes white shapes with a total of 8 sides, and black shapes with a total of 8 sides, so it fits into Set A. 2. (C) This test shape includes a black hexagon and pentagon, with a total of 11 sides, and a white diamond and triangle, with a total of 7 sides. Thus it fits into neither set, and the answer is (C). 3. (C) Counting the sides here, we find a total of 8 sides on the black shapes and 4 sides on the white shape. This test shape fits into neither set, so again the answer is (C). 4. (A) This test shape contains two pentagons, one white, one black. As they have the same number of sides, the answer is (A). 5. (B) The final test shape in this set is the least like the rest of the lot, presenting two black triangles and four white triangles. The black shapes have a total of 6 sides, and the white shapes a total of 12 sides. Therefore this test shape fits into Set B.