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Using WirelessHART Technology in Process Industries Using WirelessHART Technology in Process Industries IEC Approved
Using WirelessHART Technology
in Process Industries
Using WirelessHART Technology
in Process Industries
IEC Approved Standard (IEC 62591Ed. 1.0)
Welcome • Extension of the HCF’s Worldwide series of seminars • Vendor neutral • Clear
Welcome
• Extension of the HCF’s
Worldwide series of
seminars
• Vendor neutral
• Clear away the wireless fog
Seminar Sponsored by:
• Introduce WirelessHART
as the first global standard
Technical and practical
seminar
Understanding HART The Standard for Instrumentation 30,000,000 Installed HART is stable and backward compatible HART
Understanding HART
The Standard for Instrumentation
30,000,000
Installed
HART is stable
and backward compatible
HART 5 1998
HART 7 2007
Protect your
investment
Most widely used
Over 70% market
share
Widest choice of
product and suppliers
The momentum
is here
Major vendors and
Over 245 Members
Built upon standards
IEC 62591 – WirelessHART
IEC 61804 - Device Description Lang.
IEC 61158- Industrial Comms. Networks
IEEE - Radio 802.15.4
Understanding HART Building on HART • HART has maintained backward compatibility Time/Cond. Reporting PV Trending
Understanding HART
Building on HART
HART has maintained
backward compatibility
Time/Cond. Reporting
PV Trending
Security
Mesh & Star
HART 7
Do not remove feature
Add features
Maintain command structure
All PV With Status
Long Tags
HART 6
Process Monitoring
HART 5
Diagnostics
Configuration

Use existing tools and knowledge

R e m o e t A ccess 4-20mA Loop Wireless • Wireless adapters allow
R
e m
o e
t
A
ccess
4-20mA Loop
Wireless
• Wireless adapters allow for
installed instrument
upgrade
Today’s Topics • Introduction • What Can Wireless Do For You • Understanding HART •
Today’s Topics
• Introduction
• What Can Wireless Do For You
• Understanding HART
• Wireless Building Blocks
• Using WirelessHART
• Host Integration
• Planning a WirelessHART Project
• Summary
Today we will discuss …. WirelessHART Attributes Battery life (power options) Range Control Mesh &
Today we will discuss ….
WirelessHART Attributes
Battery life (power options)
Range
Control
Mesh & Star topologies
Radio / Antenna characteristics
Co-existence
Security
IEC Approved Standard
Update
rates
WHAT WIRELESSHART CAN DO FOR YOU
WHAT WIRELESSHART CAN DO FOR
YOU
Contents • Designed for process • Works with existing systems • Reduce installation cost •
Contents
• Designed for process
• Works with existing
systems
• Reduce installation cost
• Reduce project execution
time
• Implement incrementally
Designed for Process Applications • Process Monitoring Type Class Description Hard to reach / expensive
Designed for Process
Applications
• Process Monitoring
Type
Class
Description
Hard to reach / expensive to
install locations
Full access to multivariable
devices
Safety
0
Critical
1
Closed Loop regulatory
control
• Asset Management
2
Control
Closed loop supervisory
control
Condition monitoring
Configuration database
3
Open loop control
• Control
4
Alerting
Open loop
Closed loop
Monitoring
5
Data logging and
Up/Download
Designed for Process NAMUR WirelessHART Field Test Report • Field test organized by NAMUR at
Designed for Process
NAMUR WirelessHART Field Test Report
• Field test organized by NAMUR
at BASF SE in Ludwigshafen,
Germany
• Objectives
1. Identification and Assessment
of added value with applications
for Wireless Sensor Networks
with regard to:
1. Mobility,
2. Flexibility and
3. Cable Replacement
2. Reflections (Comparison) of
WirelessHART pilot application
results against NE124
requirements
Designed for Process NAMUR WirelessHART Field Test Report > 55 devices
Designed for Process
NAMUR WirelessHART Field Test Report
> 55 devices
Designed for Process NAMUR WirelessHART Field Test Report • Conclusions: WirelessHART allows successful deployment
Designed for Process
NAMUR WirelessHART Field Test Report
Conclusions:
WirelessHART allows
successful deployment of
wireless sensor networks
WirelessHART in principle is
applicable for monitoring
applications (NE124 Class C)
Suppliers have improvement
potential related to
implementation supporting
applications
WirelessHART offers opportunities despite legacy burdens
Designed for Process NAMUR WirelessHART Field Test Report • Recommendations Gateway A single standard
Designed for Process
NAMUR WirelessHART Field Test Report
Recommendations
Gateway
A single standard
Standardize Battery
design and connection
Configuration
standardization and
interface
Devices
Designed for Process Process Monitoring Applications • Access to hard to reach or previously uneconomical
Designed for Process
Process Monitoring Applications
• Access to hard to reach or
previously uneconomical
process measurements
Tank Farm
Well head monitoring
Rotating equipment (kiln)
Solve process problems
with temporary
measurements
• Elimination of operator
rounds
• Full multi-variable device
access
Designed for Process Applications • Process Monitoring & Control Hard to reach locations Process efficiency
Designed for Process
Applications
• Process Monitoring & Control
Hard to reach locations
Process efficiency calculations
Better insight into process
Ad-hoc measurements
Additional measurements from
multivariable devices
Calculated variables in devices
Designed for Process Applications • Equipment Monitoring Bearing temperatures Vibration Corrosion Oil pressure
Designed for Process
Applications
• Equipment Monitoring
Bearing temperatures
Vibration
Corrosion
Oil pressure
Air flow
Designed for Process Applications • Health and Safety Safety showers Gas detectors • Environmental Steam
Designed for Process
Applications
• Health and Safety
Safety showers
Gas detectors
• Environmental
Steam traps (energy usage)
Water / Discharge Treatment
• Flow
• pH
Stack emissions
Relief valves
Designed for Process Applications • Asset Management Maintenance • Calibration • Record valve signatures •
Designed for Process
Applications
• Asset Management
Maintenance
• Calibration
• Record valve signatures
• Radar echo
Diagnostics
• Valve position feedback
• Device health (status)
Works With Existing Systems Traditional Wired System
Works With Existing Systems
Traditional Wired System
Works With Existing Systems Remote I/O System
Works With Existing Systems
Remote I/O System
Works With Existing Systems Wireless – Similar to Remote I/O
Works With Existing Systems
Wireless – Similar to Remote I/O
Reduce Installation Cost Material, Time and Labor Conventional Analog Wiring Analog I/O System terminations Multicore
Reduce Installation Cost
Material, Time and Labor
Conventional Analog Wiring
Analog I/O
System terminations
Multicore terminations
Device termination
Multicore terminations
WirelessHART Network
Serial I/O
1 system connection
Gatewa y
Reduce Project Execution Time It’s More Than Just The Wire Savings • Reduce engineering time
Reduce Project Execution Time
It’s More Than Just The Wire Savings
• Reduce engineering time
Loop diagrams
Specification and purchase
of field enclosures
Specification and purchase
of wire
• Reduce installation time
No cable to pull
No terminations to make
No cable trays to install
No scaffolding to erect
Implement Incrementally Once the network is in place just: Install the next field device Add
Implement Incrementally
Once the network is in place just:
Install the next field device
Add an OPC/Modbus data point
• Additional devices strengthens the network
It’s just that easy!
Summary • Designed for process applications PV monitoring Control Asset management • Adaptor - upgrade
Summary
• Designed for process
applications
PV monitoring
Control
Asset management
• Adaptor - upgrade path for
existing installed
instruments
• Works with existing
systems
• Lower cost installation
• Reduced project execution
UNDERSTANDING HART
UNDERSTANDING HART
Understanding HART HART = Highway Addressable Remote Transducer • Allows local and remote access to
Understanding HART
HART = Highway Addressable Remote Transducer
• Allows local and
remote access to
instrument
configuration
• Instruments have
microprocessors
More sophisticated
May not have a local
display
HART data is available anywhere on the 4-20mA loop
Understanding HART HART Communication Over Wire
Understanding HART
HART Communication Over Wire
Understanding HART HART Commands • There are three classes of HART commands Universal • PV
Understanding HART
HART Commands
• There are three classes
of HART commands
Universal
• PV – TAG – Diagnostic
Common Practice
• Calibration – PV range
Device Specific
• Linearization tables –
Technology specific
Understanding HART Device Description (DD) • All the information needed by the host to fully
Understanding HART
Device Description (DD)
• All the information needed by
the host to fully communicate
with a field device.
• Handheld host
Simple instruments
IS version for hazardous areas
• PC-based host
Asset management
Condition monitoring
Understanding HART Communication Modes • Master-Slave Mode: Communication is initiated by a master device •
Understanding HART
Communication Modes
• Master-Slave Mode:
Communication is initiated by a
master device
• Point-to-point or multi-drop
• Primary Master:
Control room (system)
• Secondary Master:
Handheld
• Burst Mode:
Master instructs the slave device
to continuously broadcast a
standard HART reply message
(e.g. PV) until instructed to stop.
Understanding HART Multiplexer/Pass through Operation • HART multi lexers p Control or Asset Management System
Understanding HART
Multiplexer/Pass through Operation
• HART multi lexers
p
Control or
Asset Management System
Monitor PVs
Typically a PC (SCADA)
acts as the host
Can be added as retrofit
Analog +
HART Data
• Remote I/O can pass
HART commands to
the host
HART
Analog
Data
Connect to I/O as
though it were a modem
Read/write all data
Understanding HART Summary • HART is the industry standard instrument communications protocol • 90% use
Understanding HART
Summary
• HART is the industry standard instrument
communications protocol
• 90% use HART for only commissioning – but are
missing the real potential
• HART is supported by all major instrument and
control systems suppliers
• HART is evolving to meet User’s requirements
• Wireless is the next step
WIRELESS BUILDING BLOCKS
WIRELESS BUILDING BLOCKS
Working With ISM Bands Wireless Spectrum and ISM Band • Radio Frequency • Unlicensed band
Working With ISM Bands
Wireless Spectrum and ISM Band
• Radio
Frequency
• Unlicensed band ISM
(Industrial, Scientific and
Medical)
2.4 to 2.5GHz
• Need to co-exist with other
users -15 channels available
• Available worldwide
Readily available
• Standard IEEE802.15.4 Radio
Low Power
• Low power = longer battery life
Working With ISM Bands Coexisting with Other Networks • Need to co-exist with other users
Working With ISM Bands
Coexisting with Other Networks
• Need to co-exist with
other users of the ISM
band
Good worker gets the
message through
Good neighbor works with
alongside networks
Working With ISM Bands Co-existence • Channel hop to avoid busy channels (15 channels) •
Working With ISM Bands
Co-existence
• Channel hop to avoid busy
channels (15 channels)
• Assess channels before
you use them
• Blacklist channels which
Built into WirelessHART
have heav
y use
• Transmit for a short period
of time (good neighbor)
• Vary transmit power
(security benefit too)
Wireless Topologies Star & Mesh • Mesh confi uration g • Star configuration Best for
Wireless Topologies
Star & Mesh
• Mesh confi uration
g
• Star configuration
Best for control
Best for reliability
Multiple paths
Low data latency
Plant unlikely to change Adapts to changing plant
Star
Mesh
Main User Concerns • Make it Reliable Manage power Process plants change Need to coexist
Main User Concerns
• Make it Reliable
Manage power
Process plants change
Need to coexist
• Make it Secure
Secure the data
Authenticate data and
devices
IEC Approved Standard (IEC 62591Ed. 1.0)
• Make it Simple
As simple as 4-20mA
Make it Reliable Power is Everything! High Speed Host Connection • Update rate affects battery
Make it Reliable
Power is Everything!
High Speed Host Connection
• Update rate affects battery life
Batteries will continue to
improve
• Power options include
Battery
External power
Energy scavenging
• Features are built in to extend
battery life
Smart reporting
Make it Reliable Location in the Mesh and Power • Parents have to route data
Make it Reliable
Location in the Mesh and Power
• Parents have to route data
from children
• Children can have routing
feature switched off
Pinch point
• Radio is on for
Routing
Synchronizing
Advertising
Make it Reliable Variable Transmission Rates • WirelessHART instruments are time synchronized Time distribution
Make it Reliable
Variable Transmission Rates
WirelessHART
instruments are time
synchronized
Time distribution
Time slots
• Allows different reporting
rates within one mesh
• Synchronization allows
channel hopping
Access and timing is handled automatically!
Make it Reliable TDMA - Time Division Multiple Access Source Now Listening Transmission Starts •
Make it Reliable
TDMA - Time Division Multiple Access
Source Now Listening
Transmission Starts
• Time Slot
STX
Transaction
ACK
1 Slot = 1 Transaction on
an assigned channel
Dedicated slot (PV update)
Shared slot (alarm/events)
Destination Listens
Destination ACK Starts
for Start of
Message
Slots
Cycle n-1
Cycle n
Cycle n+1
• Time S nchronization
y
Common time
When a slot begins
What channel to use
Superframe
TDMATDMA SlotSlot--basedbased CommunicationCommunication
Time synchronization and time slots are handled automatically!
Make it Reliable Slot Timing Start Slot Assessment Switch to Transmit Wait for Acknowledge Receive
Make it Reliable
Slot Timing
Start Slot
Assessment
Switch to
Transmit
Wait for
Acknowledge
Receive
Acknowledge
Listen
Message
3 to 4 msec
Switch to
CCA
receive
10 msec - 1 time slot - 1 channel
1 device can transmit up to 8 PV’s plus status in 1 slot
Packet = 133 bytes
250kbit/s
Make it Reliable Smart Reporting - Threshold Triggered • Based on absolute process value Define
Make it Reliable
Smart Reporting - Threshold Triggered
• Based on absolute
process value
Define Min and Max
rates
Published on threshold
crossing
Can trigger on Low-
High Transition
or High-Low
Transition
• PV is time stamped
• Increases battery life
Make it Reliable Smart Reporting - Window Triggered • Windowed operation sends PV when Dead
Make it Reliable
Smart Reporting - Window Triggered
• Windowed operation
sends PV when
Dead band exceeded
(i.e., process change)
Max time between
updates exceeded
• PV is time stamped
• Increases battery life
Make it Reliable MESH Network • Self building mesh Simplifies commissioning Automatic features • Time
Make it Reliable
MESH Network
• Self building mesh
Simplifies commissioning
Automatic features
• Time slot allocation
• Path selection
• Self-healing mesh
Redundant communication
paths (no ACK from
message)
More instruments = more
redundant pathways
Make it Reliable Architecture Overview • Devices Gateway • Builds network and provides host connection
Make it Reliable
Architecture Overview
Devices
Gateway
• Builds network and provides
host connection
Process connected
• Instruments (pressure –
temperature – flow)
Repeaters
• Extend the network
Adapters
• Add wireless capability
Handhelds / PC tool
• Configures instruments to
join network
Make it Reliable Gateway • Host interface to WirelessHART One or more access points to
Make it Reliable
Gateway
• Host interface to
WirelessHART
One or more access
points to
WirelessHART
High speed bus
access to Host
• Contains two vital
WirelessHART
functions
Network Manager
Security Manager
Make it Reliable Network Manager • Builds the MESH Advertises network to new instruments Builds
Make it Reliable
Network Manager
• Builds the MESH
Advertises network to
new instruments
Builds routing pathways
• Looks for neighbors and
best pathway
Builds communication
schedule
• Allocates slot times to
instruments
Make it Reliable Network Manager • Monitor/Report health Collect performance information • Path statistics •
Make it Reliable
Network Manager
• Monitor/Report health
Collect performance
information
• Path statistics
• End-to-end reliability
• Signal strength
Collect device diagnostic
information
• Battery life
• Device status
Make it Reliable Network Manager • Manages the MESH Manages complete list of network devices
Make it Reliable
Network Manager
• Manages the MESH
Manages complete list of
network devices
• Live list
Grooms the MESH
• New devices
• Mesh condition
Network manager web server view
Make it Secure Introduction • WirelessHART ensures secure communications Security is “built-in” and cannot be
Make it Secure
Introduction
• WirelessHART ensures
secure communications
Security is “built-in” and
cannot be disabled
Uses standard AES-128 bit
encryption
Ease of use (automatic
functions)
Only the final device can
decrypt and utilize the data
Make it Secure Risk Assessment / Reduction • WirelessHART networks have two main categories of
Make it Secure
Risk Assessment / Reduction
• WirelessHART networks
have two main categories
of protection:
Data Protection
• Confidentiality
• Integrity
Network Protection
• Availability
Make it Secure Security Manager • Responsible for: Authentication • White list of devices •
Make it Secure
Security Manager
• Responsible for:
Authentication
• White list of devices
• Message integrity
Encryption
• Distributes encryption
keys
– Join
– Session
– Network
Make it Secure Data Protection • Data Protection Prevent eavesdropping by unauthorized devices • Secure
Make it Secure
Data Protection
• Data Protection
Prevent eavesdropping by
unauthorized devices
• Secure join procedure
• Authenticate devices
• Encrypt messages
Message integrity
• Encrypt the message
• Has the message been
altered en route?
Make it Secure Data Protection – Authenticate Instruments Secure network joining AES 128-bit encryption keeps
Make it Secure
Data Protection – Authenticate Instruments
Secure network joining
AES 128-bit encryption
keeps the joining
process private
Join Key
• Can be unique to each
device or common to the
network
• Authenticates that the
device belongs to the
network
• Requires a local device
connection
Make it Secure Data Protection – Encrypt Messages The WirelessHART Sensor Network provides: Individual session
Make it Secure
Data Protection – Encrypt Messages
The WirelessHART Sensor Network provides:
Individual session keys – session = end-to-end
• Only the consumer can decrypt the message
Session
Key A
Modify
Make it Secure Data Protection – Check Message Integrity The WirelessHART sensor network provides: Message
Make it Secure
Data Protection – Check Message Integrity
The WirelessHART sensor
network provides:
Message integrity checking
• Message Integrity Code (MIC) is
unique and is part of each
message
• Receiving device checks data
has not been altered.
Security
Counter
MIC
Data
Control
Message
Make it Secure Network Protection – Unauthorized Devices • An unauthorized device tries to join
Make it Secure
Network Protection – Unauthorized Devices
• An unauthorized
device tries to join
the network
• Join Key
management
The join key can be
changed
Use an access
control list
Make it Secure Network Protection – Replay Attack • Keep the network busy handling data
Make it Secure
Network Protection – Replay Attack
• Keep the network busy
handling data
Read data and repeat it
onto the network
• The message is ignored
The Counter at the
network layer is time slot
dependant
• The replay has to
happen in the same time
Security
slot (10msec)
Counter
MIC
Data
Control
Message
Make it Secure Network Protection – Denial of Service • Keep the network busy handling
Make it Secure
Network Protection – Denial of Service
• Keep the network busy
handling data
Saturate the network with
authentic looking data –
Join Requests
• Join request ignored
The Network Manager has
list of authorized
instruments
Needs to be an authorized
device
A counter logs each failed
join request – alert site
security
Make it Secure Network Protection - Monitoring • The network manager monitors unusual network activity
Make it Secure
Network Protection - Monitoring
• The network manager
monitors unusual
network activity
Failed join attempts
Excessive retries
MIC failures
Authentication failures
Make it Secure Network Protection • Only the security manager is authorized to issue session,
Make it Secure
Network Protection
• Only the security
manager is authorized to
issue session, network
and join keys
• WirelessHART does
NOT use TCP/IP,
making it safe from
many internet attacks
Make it Simple Reduce Self-Healing Mesh Network Maintenance Reduce Engineering Make it as Simple as
Make it Simple
Reduce
Self-Healing Mesh Network
Maintenance
Reduce
Engineering
Make it
as Simple
as 4-20mA
S lf-B
e
u
ildi
ng
M
es
h N
e wor
t
k
Built in Security
Reduce
Engineering
HART Commands
Universal Common Practice
Instrument Specific
Use existing tools
and knowledge
Make it Simple • Same people & skill set 4-20mA Device Commissioning Similar work flow
Make it Simple
• Same people & skill set
4-20mA Device Commissioning
Similar work flow to
4-20mA
Connect
Connect
Set
Loop
wire
HHT
Range
Test
Calibration procedure
Instrument configuration
Handheld and system
WirelessHART Device Commissioning
Power
Connect
Set
Loop
up
HHT
Join
Test
Device Commissioning
Work Flow is Similar
Summary • HART is the ideal basis for a wireless instrument network Industry standard Based
Summary
• HART is the ideal basis for a
wireless instrument network
Industry standard
Based upon standards
30,000,000 installed devices
• WirelessHART addresses
Users’ concerns
Reliable
Secure
Simple
It is HART at the core
•Same Tools
•Same Instruments
•Same Know How
•Same people
• Backing of major vendors
WIRELESSHART HOST INTEGRATION
WIRELESSHART HOST INTEGRATION
Host System Communication • Industry Standard Protocols Ethernet • Modbus TCPIP • OPC • FOUNDATION
Host System Communication
• Industry Standard Protocols
Ethernet
• Modbus TCPIP
• OPC
• FOUNDATION Fieldbus HSE
• ProfiNet
• Https
• XML
• VPN
Serial (RS232/RS485)
• Modbus RTU
• Profibus DP
• HART/485
Host Data Capacity • Serial Data Capacity Data telegram size may have a limit (244
Host Data Capacity
• Serial Data Capacity
Data telegram size may
have a limit (244 bytes
Profibus DP)
• Controller I/O Capacity
May be based upon TAG
limit or memory
• Gateway Capacity
May be designed for
specific network size
Accessing Cyclic Data • Mapping PV to registers – Function blocks or modules
Accessing Cyclic Data
• Mapping PV to registers –
Function blocks or modules
Wireless Cooperation Team - WCT WirelessHART Mesh Network Specifications in 2010
Wireless Cooperation Team - WCT
WirelessHART Mesh Network
Specifications in 2010
Accessing Data “On Demand” Gateways may provide separate connections for cyclic and acyclic data HART
Accessing Data “On Demand”
Gateways may provide separate
connections for cyclic and acyclic data
HART configuration or asset management
applications send requests to the device via the
gateway in an identical manner
as it does today using a modem or multiplexer
interface.
Summary - Host Integration • Host integration Uses standard high speed networks Map process data
Summary - Host Integration
• Host integration
Uses standard high speed
networks
Map process data at the
gateway
Cyclic and acyclic information
available
PLANNING A SUCCESSFUL WIRELESS PROJECT WITH WIRELESSHART
PLANNING A SUCCESSFUL
WIRELESS PROJECT WITH
WIRELESSHART
Project Scope Network Planning • Organize networks in the same way as wired instruments By
Project Scope
Network Planning
• Organize networks in the
same way as wired
instruments
By process unit
By plant area
Usually within wireless range
• Typically less than ~250m
76
Project Scope Plant Infrastructure Assessment • Walk through of the area • Assume worst case
Project Scope
Plant Infrastructure Assessment
• Walk through of the
area
• Assume worst case
for planning
• Traditional “site
survey” is not
required
Line of Site – 225m
Low obstructions – 150m
Medium Obstructions – 75m
High Obstructions – 30m
77
85 met ers
Network Planning – 3 Dimensional Environment Line of Sight or Low Obstructions High Obstructions Where
Network Planning – 3 Dimensional
Environment
Line of Sight or
Low Obstructions
High Obstructions
Where many instruments are locat
78
Device Placement Design a Network – Minimum 5 Devices Place devices like wired • Self-Organizing
Device Placement
Design a Network – Minimum 5 Devices
Place devices like wired
• Self-Organizing will adapt
wireless to process environment
• Plan to install like wired
Network Minimum of 5
devices
• Based on experience
• Less will work
• Network becomes stronger with
more devices
• Initial network is an investment
i
n
f
u ure ne wor
t
t
k
79
Device Placement Field Device Connectivity – Best Practice • Each field device has at least
Device Placement
Field Device Connectivity – Best Practice
• Each field device has at
least 3 neighbors
The 3 rd neighbor will act as
a backup if one of the two
primary paths is obstructed
or unavailable
• Devices mounted >0.5m
from any vertical surface
• Devices mounted >1.5m
off the ground
Only 2 neighbors is okay
but not best practice
80
Device Placement Vertical Placement of Devices • Omni-directional antenna Radiates the same power on any
Device Placement
Vertical Placement of Devices
• Omni-directional antenna
Radiates the same power on any
horizontal angle
• Less than 45
Same distances as horizontal
plane
• Rule of thumb
<15m high – don’t worry about it!
81
Device Placement Identify Line Of Sight (LOS) Height • Identify obstruction height Most devices installed
Device Placement
Identify Line Of Sight (LOS) Height
• Identify obstruction
height
Most devices installed
below this height
• Identify LOS height
LOS Height = Obstruction
Height + 2m
Gateways and Repeaters
get maximum range when
mounted at LOS Height
82
Device Placement Repeaters Repeaters Over or Around Obstacles S-27 LT 100 Line of Sight S-31
Device Placement
Repeaters
Repeaters
Over or Around Obstacles
S-27
LT
100
Line of Sight
S-31
LT
100
S-35
CY
100
Medium Obstacles
S-32
LT
100
S-33
S-30
LT
S-28
S-26
100
I-5
LT
LT
S-29
100
101
LT
100
E-16
Building 1
E-15
WirelessHART Network
E-18
Gateway
E-11
S-36
High Obstacles
CY
200
83
Device Placement Gateway Location • Three Options Easiest for Integration Center of Initial Network Center
Device Placement
Gateway Location
• Three Options
Easiest for Integration
Center of Initial Network
Center of Process Unit
• Rule of Thumb
Plan for connection to 25% of
devices communicate directly to
gateway
Ensures ample connectivity and
eliminates pinch points
84
Device Placement Network Expansion • Existing Network is Foundation for Scalability Add new devices to
Device Placement
Network Expansion
• Existing Network is
Foundation for Scalability
Add new devices to perimeter
of existing network
Add new devices to interior of
existing network
Self-organizing incorporates
and expands without disruption
85
Device Placement This is a MESH network • Don’t forget this is a mesh network
Device Placement
This is a MESH network
• Don’t forget this is a mesh
network
Instruments do not need to
be within the range of the
gateway
They just need to be close
to another wireless
instrument
86
Instrument Specification Sheet Wired HART & WirelessHART Optional Information: Keys can be pre- programmed or
Instrument Specification Sheet
Wired HART & WirelessHART
Optional Information:
Keys can be pre-
programmed or
entered in the field.
Keys can be changed
after commissioning.
Device Specification Adapter 88
Device Specification
Adapter
88
Device Specification Gateway Specification Sheet Wireless Gateway 1 OF 1 SPEC.NO. REV. NO. BY DATE
Device Specification
Gateway Specification
Sheet
Wireless Gateway
1 OF 1
SPEC.NO.
REV.
NO.
BY
DATE
REVISION
SPEC.NO.
DATE
REQ.
P.O.
FIELD
BY
CHK’D
APPR.
TAG:
Wireless Protocol:
WirelessHART □
Mounting:
Flush □
Surface □
Rack □
Other □
Enclosure Class:
General Purpose □
Weather Proof □
Explosion Proof □
Class
Operating Temperature Range:
Power Supply:
117V 60Hz □
220V 50Hz □
Other ac □
dc □
volts
Antenna
Omni-directional □ Extended Range □ Remote co-ax cable connection □
Radio Power
Minimum
Maximum
Wireless field device capacity
devices
Minimum device update rate
updates/second (per device)
Host Protocols
Modbus RTU □
OPC □
Other □
Modbus TCPIP □
Profibus DP □
Modbus data format:
FF HSE □
Data Connections:
RS485 □
RS232C □
Ethernet 10baseT □
Ethernet 100base-TX □
89
Commissioning Commissioning the Network • HART handheld or PC tool will allow you to join
Commissioning
Commissioning the Network
• HART handheld or PC
tool will allow you to join
instruments to the network
Overlapping networks will
have different network IDs
• Steps
Install and power Gateway
Install devices one by one
• Begin with closest to the
gateway
STAR or Point-to-Point Communica
90
Commissioning Commissioning a WirelessHART Device • Steps Install or activate the device’s power source Enter
Commissioning
Commissioning a WirelessHART Device
Steps
Install or activate the
device’s power source
Enter the Network ID
Enter the Network Join Key
Set the refresh (update) rate
Verify the device has joined
the network
• At the device using a
handheld or other tool
• At the gateway
91
Commissioning Verify Device & Network Configuration • Verify Device Operation Check device TAG Check device
Commissioning
Verify Device & Network Configuration
• Verify Device Operation
Check device TAG
Check device engineering units
Check PV Update rate
Check battery voltage
TT-105
Deg C
4 sec
8.75 vdc
• Verify Gateway
ec
connections
Check for 25% of devices with
direct connections in large
networks
Ch
k f
or m n mum o
i
i
f 5 di
rec
t
• <10% add repeaters if
necessary
92
Commissioning Verify Network Operation • After all devices have been commissioned Allow time for the
Commissioning
Verify Network Operation
• After all devices have
been commissioned
Allow time for the network to
optimize (>4 hours)
Check each device for at
least 3 neighbors
Check path stability
• 60% minimum
• Increasing the elevation of
the antenna can correct
many situations
• Add repeater if necessary
93
Documentation Wireless Symbols Adapter with loop powered device Wireless Field Device TT YO TE TT
Documentation
Wireless Symbols
Adapter with loop powered device
Wireless Field Device
TT
YO
TE
TT
105
105
105
105
Adapter Powering 4-20 device
TT
YO
105
105
Gateway
Repeater
YG
YA
5202 Network ID
5202-2
“Y”, “G”, “A” and “O” are User Defined symbols
94
Documentation Loop Diagram • Gatewa y • Field Device with External Sensing Element (RTD) •
Documentation
Loop Diagram
• Gatewa y
• Field Device with External
Sensing Element (RTD)
• Self-contained Field Device
• Analog Field Device with
Adapter
Planning a WirelessHART Project Summary • Segment your network like you would remote I/O •
Planning a WirelessHART Project
Summary
• Segment your network like you
would remote I/O
• Assess the potential
communication ranges
• Determine gateway and device
locations
• Place repeaters if needed
• Documentation
• Commission and let network
stabilize
IEC Approved Standard (IEC 62591Ed. 1.0)
• Establish security procedures
96
USING WIRELESSHART TECHNOLOGY IN PROCESS INDUSTRIES SUMMARY
USING WIRELESSHART TECHNOLOGY IN
PROCESS INDUSTRIES
SUMMARY
Today you discovered…. • What WirelessHART can do for you • Where wireless solutions can
Today you discovered….
• What WirelessHART
can do for you
• Where wireless solutions can be
applied
• How WirelessHART co-exists with
other networks
• How Security and Reliability is
addressed
• How to plan a wireless project
Now You Know …. • Why we say WirelessHART is Simple Reliable Secure • That
Now You Know ….
• Why we say WirelessHART is
Simple
Reliable
Secure
• That WirelessHART is designed by and for
process monitoring and control applications
• WirelessHART can be applied to all process
industries and to many demanding applications
• That it can be used to keep YOUR plant
competitive!
Now You Also Know …. • The wiring topologies are flexible – either STAR, MESH
Now You Also Know ….
• The wiring topologies are flexible – either STAR,
MESH or a combination
• Can significantly reduce installation cost to add
additional measurements
• Have many power and power saving options
including line power, battery or scavenged power
• Is supported by most of the leading suppliers
• Is based on approved international standards
• And,
It Is Available Today!
Attributes of WirelessHART - Summary Attributes WirelessHART Backward Compatibility – with 30 M installed devices
Attributes of WirelessHART - Summary
Attributes
WirelessHART
Backward Compatibility – with 30 M
installed devices
Designed by and for the Process Industry
Can be used in Hazardous Areas
Star & mesh wiring topologies
Monitoring AND Control Applications
Security - Built –in Always On
,
Attributes of WirelessHART - Summary Attributes WirelessHART International & Industry Standards Number of Devices
Attributes of WirelessHART - Summary
Attributes
WirelessHART
International & Industry Standards
Number of Devices / network > 10,000
Adaptor to use on existing HART device
Reliable
Secure
Simple
QUESTIONS AND THANK YOU
QUESTIONS AND THANK YOU