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ATR72 & FOKKER70 LONR / P1

GROUND OPERATION Rev 06


MANUAL LIST OF NORMAL REVISIONS 01 Jan 07

LIST OF NORMAL REVISIONS

Revísion No Issue Date Insert Date Signature


06 01 JAN 07
ATR72 & FOKKER70 LOFP / P1

GROUND OPERATION Rev 06


MANUAL LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES 01 Jan 07

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

Section Page Rev # Issued Effective Remark


LONR 1 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
LOEP 1 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
LOD 1, 2, 3 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
LOB 1 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
TOC 1 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
5.0 1 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
5.1 1–6 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
5.2 1–5 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
5.3 1,2,3 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
5.4 1,2,3 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
5.5 1–8 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
5.6 1,2 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
5.7 1,2,3 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
6.0 1 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
6.1 1–6 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
6.2 1–5 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
6.3 1–4 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
6.4 1,2 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
6.5 1–7 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
6.6 1,2,3 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
6.7 1–4 00 01 Jan 07 01 Jan 07
ATR72 & FOKKER70 LOD / P1

GROUND OPERATION Rev 06


MANUAL LIST OF DISTRIBUTIONS 01 Jan 07

LIST OF DISTRIBUTIONS

No Users Quantity Remark


01 Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam 03
02 Flight Operation Dept. 01
03 Flight Traning Centre 01
04 Technical Dept. 01
05 Cargo Marketing & Planning Dept. 01
06 Quanlity Assurance Dept. 01
07 Safety & Security Dept. 01
08 Training Dept. 01
09 Marketing Services Dept. 02
10 Northern Regional Office 01
11 Middle Regional Office 01
12 Southern Regional Office 01
13 Noibai Operation Control Centre 01
14 Tansonnhat Operation Control Centre 01
15 Noibai International Airport Ground Services 04
16 Danang International Airport Ground Services 03
17 Tansonnha International Airport Ground Services 04
18 Aircraft Maintenace Centre A75 01
19 Aircraft Maintenance Centre A76 01
20 Vietnam Airlines Representative at HPH 01
21 Vietnam Airlines Representative at SQH 01
22 Vietnam Airlines Representative at DIN 01
23 Vietnam Airlines Representative at VII 01
24 Vietnam Airlines Representative at HUI 01
25 Vietnam Airlines Representative at PXU 01
26 Vietnam Airlines Representative at BMV 01
27 Vietnam Airlines Representative at DLI 01
28 Vietnam Airlines Representative at TBB 01
29 Vietnam Airlines Representative at UIH 01
30 Vietnam Airlines Representative at NHA 01
31 Vietnam Airlines Representative at PQC 01
32 Vietnam Airlines Representative at VKG 01
ATR72 & FOKKER70 LOD / P2

GROUND OPERATION Rev 06


MANUAL LIST OF DISTRIBUTIONS 01 Jan 07

LIST OF DISTRIBUTIONS

No Users Quantity Remark


33 Vietnam Airlines Branch Offices at VTE 01
34 Ground Handling Company at VTE 01
35 Ground Handling Company at LPQ 01
36 Vietnam Airlines Branch Offices at PNH 01
37 Ground Handling Company at PNH 01
38 Vietnam Airlines Branch Offices at REP 01
39 Ground Handling Company at REP 01
40 Storage 09
Total 60
ATR72 & FOKKER70 LOB / P1

GROUND OPERATION Rev 06


MANUAL LIST OF BULLETINS 01 Jan 07

LIST OF BULLETINS

Bulletin No. Date Insert Date Remvove Date Signature


ATR72 & FOKKER70 TOC / P2

GROUND OPERATION Rev 06


MANUAL TABLE OF CONTENT 01 Jan 07

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER 5 – FOKKER 70

5.0 Content

5.1 General

5.2 Aircraft limitation & features

5.3 Cargo hold limitations & versions

5.4 Maximum package & restrictions due to restraint deficiencies

5.5 Door operation

5.6 Cargo loading system

5.7 Form

CHAPTER 6 – ATR72

6.0 Content

6.1 General

6.2 Aircraft limitation & features

6.3 Cargo hold limitations & versions

6.4 Maximum package & restrictions due to restraint deficiencies

6.5 Door operation

6.6 Cargo loading system

6.7 Form
CHƯƠNG 5
MÁY BAY FOKKER 70

CHAPTER 5
AIRCRAFT FOKKER 70
FOKKER 70 5.0 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL CONTENT 01 Jan 07

CONTENT

5.1. General
5.1.1. List of aircraft 5.1 /P1
5.1.2. Exterior dimension 5.1 /P2
5.1.3. Ground clearance 5.1 /P3
5.1.4. Weight and balance definitions 5.1 /P4

5.2. Aircraft limitation & features


5.2.1. Certificate limitations 5.2 /P1
5.2.2. Standardized weight and index 5.2 /P2
5.2.3. Aircraft configuration 5.2 /P3
5.2.4. Standard taxi fuel 5.2 /P4
5.2.5. Standardized weight per passenger/ crew 5.2 /P4
5.2.6. Last minute change 5.2 /P5
5.2.7. Stretcher 5.2 /P5

5.3. Cargo hold limitation & version


5.3.1. Structural load limitation 5.3 /P1
5.3.2. Maximum load for ULD 5.3 /P2
5.3.3. Lower deck version 5.3 /P3
5.3.4. Carriage of special load 5.3 /P3

5.4. Maximum package & restrictions due to restraint deficiencies


5.4.1. Cargo hold and compartment arrangement 5.4 /P1
5.4.2. Maximum allowable weight due missing or inoperative restraints 5.4 /P3

5.5. Door operation


5.5.1. Cabin door 5.5 /P1
5.5.2. Cargo door 5.5 /P3
5.5.3. Systems requirements for ground service equipment 5.5 /P6

5.6. Cargo loading system


5.6.1. Cargo handling control system 5.6 /P1
5.6.2. Restraint system 5.6 /P1

5.7. Form
5.7.1. Loadsheet 5.7 /P1
5.7.2. Balance chart 5.7 /P2
5.7.3. Loading instruction report 5.7 /P3
FOKKER 70 5.1 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

5.1 GENERAL

5.1.1 LIST OF AIRCRAFT

This manual is effective for the following aircraft

Model Registration number Configuration

VNA502
FOKKER 70 79Y
VNA504
FOKKER 70 5.1 / P2

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

5.1.2 EXTERIOR DIMENSION


FOKKER 70 5.1 / P3

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

5.1.3 GROUND CLEARANCE

NA
FOKKER 70 5.1 / P4

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

5.1.4 WEIGHT AND BALANCE DEFINITIONS

1 BASIC WEIGHT : Aircraft weight including the furnishing,


fixed equipment

2 DRY OPERATING WEIGHT : Basic weight plus crew and pantry weight
(DOW) and the other. Operational items (such as
ballast fuel, stretcher..., if applied).

3 DEADLOAD : Gross weight of the cargo, mail, baggage and


empty ULDs.

4 OPERATING WEIGHT : Dry operating weight plus take off fuel.

5 PAYLOAD : Weight of the passengers, cargo, mail,


baggage and ULDs.(these may be revenue
and/or nonrevenue)

6 ZERO FUEL WEIGHT (ZFW) : Dry operating weight plus payload.

7 TAKE OFF WEIGHT : Zero fuel weight plus take off fuel
(TOW)

8 DEADLOAD WEIGHT : Zero fuel weight minus the weight of


(DLW) passengers.

9 MAXIMUM TAKE OFF : Maximum weight at brake release as limited


WEIGHT (MTOW) by aircraft (MTOW) strength and
airworthiness requirements.

10 MAXIMUM LANDING : Maximum weight for landing as limited by


WEIGHT (MLDW) aircraft (MLDW) strength and airworthiness
requirements.
11 MAXIMUM ZERO FUEL : Maximum weight allowed before usable fuel
WEIGHT (MZFW) must be (MZFW) loaded in the aircraft as
limited by strength and airworthiness
requirement.
FOKKER 70 5.1 / P5

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MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

12 MAXIMUM TAXI WEIGHT : Maximum weight for ground maneuver as


(MTW) limited by (MTW) aircraft strength and
airworthiness requirements. (It includes
weight of taxi fuel.)
13 C.G : Center of gravity

14 BA : Balance arms which are a true measure in


inches from the reference datum.

15 %MAC (Percentage of Mean : The location of the aircraft C.G. relative to


Aerodynamic Chord) the leading edge of mean aerodynamic chord
(MAC)
16 Index : The parameter used to express the variation
or location of C.G. which is the shortened
moment of a certain I weight.
17 Basic index (BI) : The C.G. Of aircraft basic weight expressed
with index

18 Dry Operating Index (DOI) : The C.G. Of aircraft dry operating weight
expressed with index.

19 Laden Index Zero Fuel Weight : The C.G. Of aircraft zero fuel weight
(LIZFW) expressed with (LIZFW) index.

20 Laden Index take off weight : The C.G. Of aircraft take off weight
(LITOW) expressed with (LITOW) index.

21 Index of deadload weight (DLI) : The C.G. Of aircraft dead load weight
expressed with (DLI) index.
22 %MAC of Zero Fuel Weight : The C.G. Of aircraft zero fuel weight
(MACZFW) expressed with % MAC.

23 %MAC of take off weight : The C.G. Of aircraft take off weight
(MACTOW) expressed with % MAC.

24 %MAC of dead load weight : The C.G. Of aircraft dead load weight
(MACDLW) expressed with % MAC.

25 Take off fuel : The amount of fuel on board less the fuel
consumed before the take off run.
FOKKER 70 5.1 / P6

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MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

26 Taxi fuel : A standard quantity of fuel to cover engine


starts and ground maneuvers until start of
take off, APU consumption, the amount may
be increased when required by local
conditions.
27 Trip fuel : Fuel required to fly from the airport of
departure to the planned destination, based
on "Planned Operating Conditions". This
amount shall include fuel for take off,
acceleration, climb, cruise, descent, approach
and landing.
28 Ballast fuel : The fuel in lieu of payload which is
specifically loaded for longitudinal balance
control.
29 Usable fuel : Fuel available for aircraft propulsion.

30 Unusable fuel : Fuel can not be used due to technical


limitations and must be included in weight
and balance concerns.
FOKKER 70 5.2 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES 01 Jan 07

5.2 AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES

5.2.1 CERTIFICATE LIMITATIONS

5.2.1.1 AIRCRAFT GROSS WEIGHT LIMITATIONS

Item Maximum limitation

Max. Taxi weight 38329

Max. Zero fuel weight 32658

Max. Take off weight 38100

Max. Landing weight 35834

5.2.1.2 PERFORMANCE OPERATING WEIGHT

To comply with the performance requirements of the aircraft manufacturer, the maximum
allowable takeoff and landing weights may be less than structural limits.

The maximum allowable weight for that flight that must not exceed the least of the
following weights:

− Maximum allowable takeoff weight for the runway intended to be used (including
corrections for altitude and gradient, and wind and temperature conditions existing
at the takeoff time).

− Maximum takeoff weight considering anticipated fuel and oil consumption that
allows compliance with applicable enroute performance limitations.

− Maximum take off weight considering anticipated fuel and oil consumption that
allows compliance with landing distance limitations or arrival at the destination and
alternate airports.
FOKKER 70 5.2 / P2

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES 01 Jan 07

5.2.2 STANDARDIZED WEIGHT AND INDEX

Please refer to AHM050 validated by Flight Operation Department.


FOKKER 70 5.2 / P3

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MANUAL AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES 01 Jan 07

5.2.3 AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATION

Aircraft REG Pax Configuration ROW Cabin No of


zone Pax

1-11 0A 55
VNB502/504 79Y
12-17 0B 24
FOKKER 70 5.2 / P4

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES 01 Jan 07

5.2.4 STANDARD TAXI FUEL

Standard taxi fuel for Fokker70 is : 200 KG

5.2.5 STANDARDIZED WEIGHT PER PASSENGER/CREW

Standard Chartter
Specification Definition of age
weight (KG) flight

Adult 75 76 Above 12 years

Passenger Child 35 35 Under 12 years but above 2 years

Infant 00 00 Under 2 years

Cockpit crew 90
Crew
Cabin crew 75

NOTES:

− All standard weights listed above are typical average weight including carry-on
baggage. Check-in baggage must be weighed and included in the weight and
balance calculation.

− One piece of hand baggage suitable for placing in the closed overhead rack or under
the passenger's seat may be carried on board the aircraft; provided that such
maximum dimensions (the sum of the three outside dimensions) must not exceed
23cm x 36cm x 56cm and the weight of the bag must not exceed 7 KG. (Please refer
to the decision 854/TCT-DVTT)

− For loading non-standard weight groups, such as athletic or military squads and their
baggage, the actual weights for both passengers and baggage must be utilized.

− The number of passengers whose weights are outside the typical range must be
indicated in the Supplementary Information (SI) column of the loadsheet by the load
controller responsible for the weight and balance control of this flight.
FOKKER 70 5.2 / P5

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES 01 Jan 07

5.2.6 LAST MINUTE CHANGE

The LMC tolerance is: +/- 300 kg. If exceeded, a new loadsheet is required.

The following must be checked :

a. Traffic load only:


- The LMC positive total weight is lower than the underload before LMC.
- No loading limitation exceeded.
- The balance at MACZFW and MACTOW remains within the allowed limits.
- All the LMC data on the loadsheet is completed.

b. Useable fuel only :


- Issue the new loadsheet when change in fuel figures

5.2.7 STRETCHER

Stretcher position : 15AB + 16AB + 17AB


Total : 6 seats
FOKKER 70 5.3 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL CARGO HOLD LIMITATIONS & VERSIONS 01 Jan 07

5.3 CARGO HOLD LIMITATIONS & VERSIONS

5.3.1 STRUCTURAL LOAD LIMITATION

5.3.1.1 MAXIMUM LOAD FOR CARGO HOLD

Forward hold
Compartment 11 12 13
Max Allowed Load (kg) 650 1750
Max Floor Load/ Flat Floor (kg/m2) 1000
Max Floor Load/ Curved Floor (kg/m2) 366
Max Running Load/ Tied Cargo (kg/m) 600
Max Running Load/ Untied Cargo (kg/m) 372
Net usable volume (m3) 2.24 1.708 4.025
Max length (mm) 6383
Max width (mm) 2100
Max height 770

AFT hold
Compartment 41 42
Max Allowed Load (kg) 741
Max Floor Load/ Flat Floor (kg/m2) 1000
Max Floor Load/ Curved Floor (kg/m2) 366
Max Running Load/ Tied Cargo (kg/m) 600
Max Running Load/ Untied Cargo (kg/m) 372
Net usable volume (m3) 2.50 2.13
Max length (mm) 4206
Max width (mm) 2100
Max height 770

5.3.1.2 MAXIMUM GROSS WEIGHT FOR POSITIONS

5.3.1.2.1 FOR CONTAINERS

Not applicable

5.3.1.2.2 FOR PALLETS

Not applicable
FOKKER 70 5.3 / P2

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL CARGO HOLD LIMITATIONS & VERSIONS 01 Jan 07

5.3.2 MAXIMUM LOAD FOR ULD

Not applicable
FOKKER 70 5.3 / P3

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL CARGO HOLD LIMITATIONS & VERSIONS 01 Jan 07

5.3.3 LOWER DECK VERSION

Not applicable

5.3.4 CARRIAGE OF SPECIAL LOAD

5.3.4.1 Magnetized Materials (MAG) Loading

− Not applicable.

5.3.4.2 Other special load

5.3.4.2.1 Dry Ice

− Maximum 20kg/ Flight.

5.3.4.2.2 Live animal

Ventilation system on aircraft

A/C Reg. Hold Ventilation Temperature control


FWD No No
ALL
AFT No No

− Live animal : Not applicable.

5.3.4.2.3 Radioactive material

− Not applicable.
FOKKER 70 5.4 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING MAXIMUM PACKAGE & RESTRICTIONS Rev 06


MANUAL DUE TO RESTRAINT DEFICIENCIES 01 Jan 07

5.4 MAXIMUM PACKAGE & RESTRICTIONS DUE TO RESTRAINT


DEFICIENCIES

5.4.1 CARGO HOLD AND COMPARTMENT ARRANGEMENT

5.4.1.1 FORWARD HOLD

5.4.1.1.1 Allowable package sizes through FWD cargo door


FOKKER 70 5.4 / P2

AIRCRAFT HANDLING MAXIMUM PACKAGE & RESTRICTIONS Rev 06


MANUAL DUE TO RESTRAINT DEFICIENCIES 01 Jan 07

5.4.1.2 AFT HOLD

5.4.1.2.1 Allowable package sizes through AFT cargo door


FOKKER 70 5.4 / P3

AIRCRAFT HANDLING MAXIMUM PACKAGE & RESTRICTIONS Rev 06


MANUAL DUE TO RESTRAINT DEFICIENCIES 01 Jan 07

5.4.2 MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE WEIGHT DUE MISSING OR INOPERATIVE


RESTRAINTS

Not applicable
FOKKER 70 5.5 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

5.5 DOOR OPERATION

5.5.1 CABIN DOOR

Cabin door of Fokker 70 is installed as follow

Passenger door
FOKKER 70 5.5 / P2

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MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

Service door

Emergency Exit
FOKKER 70 5.5 / P3

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

5.5.2 CARGO DOOR

Fokker 70 has 02 holds for bulk loading.

Forward cargo hold is 1. It is devided into 11, 12 & 13


AFT cargo hold is 4 . It is devided into 41 & 42

5.5.2.1 CARGO DOOR OPERATION

WARNING:
− Do not operate the door in winds more than 40 knots.
− Do not let the door stay open in winds more than 65 knots. Injuries to persons or
damage to equipment can occur.
− Do not open the door when the aircraft is pressurized. Injuries to persons or damage
to equipment can occur.
FOKKER 70 5.5 / P4

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

5.5.2.1.1 Open, close the FWD cargo door

Open
− Push flap to grasp handle 1
− Lift locking handle 1 up
− Pull latching hadle 2 down
− Pull out door with latching handle .
− Release push/pull rod (From AFT side of door)
− Push door fully open into uplocks

Close

− UNLOCK BOTH uplocks (At sides of door opening)


− Pull door down and stow push/pull rod
− Push door closed
− Push latching handle 2 flush
− Push locking handle 1 flush
− CHECK: vent flap closed
FOKKER 70 5.5 / P5

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

5.5.2.1.2 Open/ Close the AFT cargo door

Open

− Push flap to grasp handle 1


− Lift locking handle 1 up
− Pull latching handle 2 down
− Pull out door with latching handle
− Release push/pull rod (From forward side of door)
− Push door fully open into uplock

Close

− UNLOCK uplock (At side of door opening)


− Pull door down and stow push/pull rod
− Push door closed
− Push latching handle 2 flush
− Push locking handle 1 flush
− CHECK: vent flap closed
FOKKER 70 5.5 / P6

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

5.5.3 SYSTEMS REQUIREMENTS FOR GROUND SERVICE EQUIPMENT

5.5.3.1 Aircraft doors – sill heights and dimensions.

Distance from A/C Sill Height


Door Nose Door Size Minimum Maximum
Number Metres Inches Metres Inches Metres Inches Metres Inches
A 4.24 167 0.61x1.29 24x50.6 2.04 80 2.44 96
B 4.36 172 0.86x2.21 33.9x87 1.56* 61* 196* 77*
C 8.08 318 1.40x1.45 55x57 1.19 47 1.51 59
D 19.48 767 0.97x1.24 38.2x48 1.51 59 1.80 71
E 4.36 172 0.86x2.21 33.9x87 2.04 80 2.44 96

5.5.3.2 Requirement for GSE

System Requirements Notes

Electrical Type 28V DC 115/200V AC AC: 3 phase 400 Hz


Power Requirement 30 amp 40 kVA 60 kVA for 1 miniute*
DC: 180 Amps for 1 min*
800 Amps for 0.5 sec*
* for engine starting
Air Maximum Flow Rate 75 ppm 34.0 kg/min Max. air temperature 700C
Conditioning Maximum Output Pressure 0.7 psi 0.05 kg/cm2
Cooling Capacity ton/hr kcal/sec
Heating Capacity Btu
Pneumatic Minimum Capacity 65 ppm 29.5 kg/min at 150C ambient temperature

Maximum Pressure 50 psi 3.52 kg/cm2 Max. temperature 2500C

Minimum Pressure 20 psi 1.41 kg/cm2 at 150C ambient tempersture


Potable Water Total Capacity 21 US gal 80 L
Maximum Pressure 35 psi 2.46 kg/cm2
Recommended Flow Rate 20 l/min psi
Lavatory Total Waste Capacity 39 US gal 147.6L Base on 3 toilets
Total Rinse Capacity US gal L F70: 1 standard +
Total Precharge 9 US gal 36 L 2 optional
Maximum Delivery Pressure 50 psi 3.52 kg/cm2
Recommended Flow Rate gpm l/s
FOKKER 70 5.5 / P7

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

5.5.3.3 Ground servicing points location

Distance Height from Ground


Aft of Nose From A/C
System Metres Inches Metres Inches Metres Inches Notes
1. Air conditioning 5.08 200 1.25R 49R 1.54 61
2. Electrical 3.24 128 1.10R 43R 1.45 57
3. Fule 13.94 549 2.89R 114R 1.64 65
4. Potable Water 11.60 457 0.68L 27L 1.29 51
5. Lavatory Forward 3.30 130 1.10L 43L 1.46 57
Aft 19.68 775 0.99L 39L 1.74 69
6. Pneumatic 21.06 829 0.63R 25R 1.76 69
FOKKER 70 5.5 / P8

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

5.5.3.4 Aircraft Servicing arrangement. (not madatory)


FOKKER 70 5.6 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL CARGO LOADING SYSTEM 01 Jan 07

5.6 CARGO LOADING SYSTEM

5.6.1 CARGO HANDLING CONTROL SYSTEM

Not applicable

5.6.2 RESTRAINT SYSTEM

Forward hold

o oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo

o oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo

Tied down point


FOKKER 70 5.6 / P2

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL CARGO LOADING SYSTEM 01 Jan 07

AFT hold

o oo oo oo oo oo oo oo

o oo oo oo oo oo oo oo

Tied down point


FOKKER 70 5.7 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL FORM 01 Jan 07

5.7 FORM

5.7.1 LOADSHEET
FOKKER 70 5.7 / P2

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL FORM 01 Jan 07

5.7.2 BALANCE CHART


FOKKER 70 5.7 / P3

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL FORM 01 Jan 07

5.7.3 LOADING INSTRUCTION REPORT (LIR)


CHƯƠNG 6
MÁY BAY ATR72

CHAPTER 6
AIRCRAFT ATR72
ATR 72 6.0 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL CONTENT 01 Jan 07

CONTENT

6.1. General
6.1.1. List of aircraft 6.1 /P1
6.1.2. Exterior dimension 6.1 /P2
6.1.3. Ground clearance 6.1 /P3
6.1.4. Weight and balance definitions 6.1 /P4

6.2. Aircraft limitation & features


6.2.1. Certificate limitations 6.2 /P1
6.2.2. Standardized weight and index 6.2 /P2
6.2.3. Aircraft configuration 6.2 /P3
6.2.4. Standard taxi fuel 6.2 /P4
6.2.5. Standardized weight per passenger/ crew 6.2 /P4
6.2.6. Last minute change 6.2 /P5
6.2.7. Stretcher 6.2 /P5

6.3. Cargo hold limitation & version


6.3.1. Structural load limitation 6.3 /P1
6.3.2. Maximum load for ULD 6.3 /P2
6.3.3. Lower deck version 6.3 /P2
6.3.4. Carriage of special load 6.3 /P4

6.4. Maximum package & restrictions due to restraint deficiencies


6.4.1. Cargo hold and compartment arrangement 6.4 /P1
6.4.2. Maximum allowable weight due missing or inoperative restraints 6.4 /P2

6.5. Door operation


6.5.1. Cabin door 6.5 /P1
6.5.2. Cargo door 6.5 /P4
6.5.3. Systems requirements for ground service equipment 6.5 /P5

6.6. Cargo loading system


6.6.1. Cargo handling control system 6.6 /P1
6.6.2. Restraint system 6.6 /P1

6.7. Form
6.7.1. Loadsheet & Balance chart form for aircraft VNB202/4/6/8/42/46 6.7 /P1
6.7.2. Loadsheet & Balance chart form for aircraft VNB210/2/4 6.7 /P2
6.7.3. Loadsheet & Balance chart form for aircraft VNBB216 6.7 /P3
6.7.4. Loading instruction report 6.7 /P4
ATR 72 6.1 / P1

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

6.1 GENERAL

6.1.1 LIST OF AIRCRAFT

This manual is effective for the following aircraft

Model Registration number Configuration

VNB202

VNB204

VNB206

VNB208

VNB246 66Y
ATR72
VNB248

VNB210

VNB212

VNB214

VNB216 70Y
ATR 72 6.1 / P2

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

6.1.2 EXTERIOR DIMENSION


ATR 72 6.1 / P3

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

6.1.3 GROUND CLEARANCE


ATR 72 6.1 / P4

AIRCRAFT HANDLING Rev 06


MANUAL GENERAL 01 Jan 07

6.1.4 WEIGHT AND BALANCE DEFINITIONS

1 BASIC WEIGHT : Aircraft weight including the furnishing,


fixed equipment

2 DRY OPERATING WEIGHT : Basic weight plus crew and pantry weight
(DOW) and the other. Operational items (such as
ballast fuel, stretcher..., if applied).

3 DEADLOAD : Gross weight of the cargo, mail, baggage and


empty ULDs.

4 OPERATING WEIGHT : Dry operating weight plus take off fuel.

5 PAYLOAD : Weight of the passengers, cargo, mail,


baggage and ULDs.(these may be revenue
and/or nonrevenue)

6 ZERO FUEL WEIGHT (ZFW) : Dry operating weight plus payload.

7 TAKE OFF WEIGHT : Zero fuel weight plus take off fuel
(TOW)

8 DEADLOAD WEIGHT : Zero fuel weight minus the weight of


(DLW) passengers.

9 MAXIMUM TAKE OFF : Maximum weight at brake release as limited


WEIGHT (MTOW) by aircraft (MTOW) strength and
airworthiness requirements.

10 MAXIMUM LANDING : Maximum weight for landing as limited by


WEIGHT (MLDW) aircraft (MLDW) strength and airworthiness
requirements.
11 MAXIMUM ZERO FUEL : Maximum weight allowed before usable fuel
WEIGHT (MZFW) must be (MZFW) loaded in the aircraft as
limited by strength and airworthiness
requirement.
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12 MAXIMUM TAXI WEIGHT : Maximum weight for ground maneuver as


(MTW) limited by (MTW) aircraft strength and
airworthiness requirements. (It includes
weight of taxi fuel.)
13 C.G : Center of gravity

14 BA : Balance arms which are a true measure in


inches from the reference datum.

15 %MAC (Percentage of Mean : The location of the aircraft C.G. relative to


Aerodynamic Chord) the leading edge of mean aerodynamic chord
(MAC)
16 Index : The parameter used to express the variation
or location of C.G. which is the shortened
moment of a certain I weight.
17 Basic index (BI) : The C.G. Of aircraft basic weight expressed
with index

18 Dry Operating Index (DOI) : The C.G. Of aircraft dry operating weight
expressed with index.

19 Laden Index Zero Fuel Weight : The C.G. Of aircraft zero fuel weight
(LIZFW) expressed with (LIZFW) index.

20 Laden Index take off weight : The C.G. Of aircraft take off weight
(LITOW) expressed with (LITOW) index.

21 Index of deadload weight (DLI) : The C.G. Of aircraft dead load weight
expressed with (DLI) index.
22 %MAC of Zero Fuel Weight : The C.G. Of aircraft zero fuel weight
(MACZFW) expressed with % MAC.

23 %MAC of take off weight : The C.G. Of aircraft take off weight
(MACTOW) expressed with % MAC.

24 %MAC of dead load weight : The C.G. Of aircraft dead load weight
(MACDLW) expressed with % MAC.

25 Take off fuel : The amount of fuel on board less the fuel
consumed before the take off run.

26 Taxi fuel : A standard quantity of fuel to cover engine


starts and ground maneuvers until start of
ATR 72 6.1 / P6

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take off, APU consumption, the amount may


be increased when required by local
conditions.
27 Trip fuel : Fuel required to fly from the airport of
departure to the planned destination, based
on "Planned Operating Conditions". This
amount shall include fuel for take off,
acceleration, climb, cruise, descent, approach
and landing.
28 Ballast fuel : The fuel in lieu of payload which is
specifically loaded for longitudinal balance
control.
29 Usable fuel : Fuel available for aircraft propulsion.

30 Unusable fuel : Fuel can not be used due to technical


limitations and must be included in weight
and balance concerns.
ATR 72 6.2 / P1

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MANUAL AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES 01 Jan 07

6.2 AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES

6.2.1 CERTIFICATE LIMITATIONS

6.2.1.1 AIRCRAFT GROSS WEIGHT LIMITATIONS

Maximum limitation
Item VNB202/4/6/8 VNB210/212/214
VNB246/248/216

Max. Taxi weight 21530 22670

Max. Zero fuel weight 19700 20300

Max. Take off weight 21500 22500

Max. Landing weight 21350 22350

6.2.1.2 PERFORMANCE OPERATING WEIGHT

To comply with the performance requirements of the aircraft manufacturer, the maximum
allowable takeoff and landing weights may be less than structural limits.

The maximum allowable weight for that flight that must not exceed the least of the
following weights:

− Maximum allowable takeoff weight for the runway intended to be used (including
corrections for altitude and gradient, and wind and temperature conditions existing
at the takeoff time).

− Maximum takeoff weight considering anticipated fuel and oil consumption that
allows compliance with applicable enroute performance limitations.

− Maximum take off weight considering anticipated fuel and oil consumption that
allows compliance with landing distance limitations or arrival at the destination and
alternate airports.
ATR 72 6.2 / P2

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MANUAL AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES 01 Jan 07

6.2.2 STANDARDIZED WEIGHT AND INDEX

Please refer to AHM050 validated by Flight Operation Department.


ATR 72 6.2 / P3

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6.2.3 AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATION

Aircraft REG Pax Configuration ROW Cabin No of


zone Pax

VNB202/4/6/8 1-5 0A 20

VNB246/8 66Y 6-12 0B 28

VNB210/2/4 13-17 0C 18

1-6 0A 24

VNB216 70Y 7-14 0B 28

15-19 0C 18
ATR 72 6.2 / P4

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MANUAL AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES 01 Jan 07

6.2.4 STANDARD TAXI FUEL

Standard taxi fuel for ATR72 is : 50 KG

6.2.5 STANDARDIZED WEIGHT PER PASSENGER/CREW

Standard Chartter
Specification Definition of age
weight (KG) flight

Adult 75 76 Above 12 years

Passenger Child 35 35 Under 12 years but above 2 years

Infant 00 00 Under 2 years

Cockpit crew 90
Crew
Cabin crew 75

NOTES:

− All standard weights listed above are typical average weight including carry-on
baggage. Check-in baggage must be weighed and included in the weight and
balance calculation.

− One piece of hand baggage suitable for placing in the closed overhead rack or under
the passenger's seat may be carried on board the aircraft; provided that such
maximum dimensions (the sum of the three outside dimensions) must not exceed
23cm x 36cm x 56cm and the weight of the bag must not exceed 7 KG. (Please refer
to the decision 854/TCT-DVTT)

− For loading non-standard weight groups, such as athletic or military squads and their
baggage, the actual weights for both passengers and baggage must be utilized.

− The number of passengers whose weights are outside the typical range must be
indicated in the Supplementary Information (SI) column of the loadsheet by the load
controller responsible for the weight and balance control of this flight.
ATR 72 6.2 / P5

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MANUAL AIRCRAFT LIMITATIONS & FEATURES 01 Jan 07

6.2.6 LAST MINUTE CHANGE

The LMC tolerance is: +/- 300 kg. If exceeded, a new loadsheet is required.

The following must be checked :

a. Traffic load only:


- The LMC positive total weight is lower than the underload before LMC.
- No loading limitation exceeded.
- The balance at MACZFW and MACTOW remains within the allowed limits.
- All the LMC data on the loadsheet is completed.

b. Useable fuel only :


- Issue the new loadsheet when change in fuel figures

6.2.7 STRETCHER

Stretcher position : 14CD + 15CD + 16CD


Total : 6 seats
ATR 72 6.3 / P1

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MANUAL CARGO HOLD LIMITATIONS & VERSIONS 01 Jan 07

6.3 CARGO HOLD LIMITATIONS & VERSIONS

6.3.1 STRUCTURAL LOAD LIMITATION

6.3.1.1 MAXIMUM LOAD FOR CARGO HOLD

VNB202/204/206/208/210/212/214/216
Compartment Hold Hold Volume Running Floor Cumulative
Limit Load Loading Hold
Limitation Limit Maximum
Forward(RH) 1 480 3.0 510 400
928
Forward(LH) 1 448 2.8 510 400
After(FWD) 4 302 510 400
4.65 744
After(AFT) 4 442 510 400

VNB246/248
Compartment Hold Hold Volume Running Floor Cumulative
Limit Load Loading Hold
Limitation Limit Maximum
Forward(RH) 1 480 3.0 510 400
928
Forward(LH) 1 448 2.8 510 400
After(FWD) 4 302 510 400
4.8 744
After(AFT) 4 442 510 400
ATR 72 6.3 / P2

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MANUAL CARGO HOLD LIMITATIONS & VERSIONS 01 Jan 07

6.3.1.2 MAXIMUM GROSS WEIGHT FOR POSITIONS

6.3.1.2.1 FOR CONTAINERS

Not applicable

6.3.1.2.2 FOR PALLETS

Not applicable

6.3.2 MAXIMUM LOAD FOR ULD

Not applicable

6.3.3 LOWER DECK VERSION

Not applicable
ATR 72 6.3 / P3

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MANUAL CARGO HOLD LIMITATIONS & VERSIONS 01 Jan 07

Forward hold

AFT Hold
ATR 72 6.3 / P4

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MANUAL CARGO HOLD LIMITATIONS & VERSIONS 01 Jan 07

6.3.4 CARRIAGE OF SPECIAL LOAD

6.3.4.1 Magnetized Materials (MAG) Loading

− Not applicable.

6.3.4.2 Other special load

6.3.4.2.1 Dry Ice

− Maximum 20kg/ Flight.

6.3.4.2.2 Live animal

Ventilation system on aircraft

A/C Reg. Hold Ventilation Temperature control


FWD No No
ALL
AFT No No

− Live animal : Not applicable.

6.3.4.2.3 Radioactive material

− Not applicable.
ATR 72 6.4 / P1

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MANUAL DUE TO RESTRAINT DEFICIENCIES 01 Jan 07

6.4 MAXIMUM PACKAGE & RESTRICTIONS DUE TO RESTRAINT


DEFICIENCIES

6.4.1 CARGO HOLD AND COMPARTMENT ARRANGEMENT

6.4.1.1 FORWARD HOLD

6.4.1.1.1 Allowable package sizes through FWD cargo door

Package loaded in RH

Package loaded in LH

Height (cm ) 5/143

Width (cm ) Length (cm)

5/35 180

40/50 170

40/50 180*
ATR 72 6.4 / P2

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MANUAL DUE TO RESTRAINT DEFICIENCIES 01 Jan 07

6.4.1.2 AFT HOLD

6.4.1.2.1 Allowable package sizes through AFT cargo door

6.4.2 MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE WEIGHT DUE MISSING OR INOPERATIVE


RESTRAINTS

Not applicable
ATR 72 6.5 / P1

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MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

6.5 DOOR OPERATION

6.5.1 CABIN DOOR

Cabin door of ATR72 is installed as follow

Passenger door
ATR 72 6.5 / P2

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ATR 72 6.5 / P4

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MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

6.5.2 CARGO DOOR

ATR72 has 02 holds for bulk loading.

Forward cargo hold is 1.


AFT cargo hold is 4 .

6.5.2.1 CARGO DOOR OPERATION

WARNING:
− Do not operate the door in winds more than 40 knots.
− Do not let the door stay open in winds more than 65 knots. Injuries to persons or
damage to equipment can occur.
− Do not open the door when the aircraft is pressurized. Injuries to persons or damage to
equipment can occur.
ATR 72 6.5 / P5

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MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

6.5.3 AIRCRAFT DOORS AND SYSTEMS REQUIREMENTS FOR GROUND


SERVICE EQUIPMENT

6.5.3.1 Requirement for GSE

System Requirements Notes

Electrical Type 28.5V DC 115V/400Hz 850 amp (for 25 sec)


Nominal Total AC 1275 amp (for 5 sec)
Power Requirement 400 amp/12 kW
21 kVA
Air Maximum Flow Rate 170 lb/min 27” H2O
Conditioning (pressure at ground connection)
Maximum Output Pressure psi kg/cm2
Cooling Capacity ton/hr kcal/sec
Heating Capacity
Pneumatic Minimum Capacity ppm Not applicable in
Maximum Pressure psi kg/cm2 normal operation
Minimum Pressure psi kg/cm2
Potable Water Total Capacity 4 US gal 15 L
Maximum Pressure 14 psi 1 kg/cm2
Recommended Flow Rate gpm psi
Lavatory Total Waste Capacity 18.5 US gal 70 L Max flow rate
Total Rinse Capacity US gal L according to the
Total Precharge US gal 9.5 L neccessity
Maximum Delivery Pressure 14 psi 1 kg/cm2
Recommended Flow Rate gpl 35 psi
38 l/min 2.5 kg/cm2

6.5.3.2 Ground servicing points location.

Distance Height from Ground


Aft of Nose From A/C
System Metres Inches Metres Inches Metres Inches Notes
1. Air conditioning 10.60 1.0 R 0.75
2. DC 2.40 0.90 R 0.85
Electrical AC 2.65 0.95 R 0.85
3. Fule
4. Potable Filling 21.35 0.90 L 1.65
Water Overflow 21.45 0.90 L 1.65
5. Drain 21.0 0.2 L 1.30
Lavatory Flushing 21.10 0.15 L 1.30
6. Pneumatic

Note:
A: Tolet servicing connection G: Pressure fueling connection
B: Accumulator air charging H: Gravity fueling connection
C: Hydraulic power ground connection J: Pre-conditioning connection
D: Hydraulic tank filling connection
E: Engine oil filling connection
F: Electrical ground connection
ATR 72 6.5 / P6

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MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07
ATR 72 6.5 / P7

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MANUAL DOOR OPERATION 01 Jan 07

Aircraft Servicing arrangement. (Not mandatory)


ATR 72 6.6 / P1

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MANUAL CARGO LOADING SYSTEM 01 Jan 07

6.6 CARGO LOADING SYSTEM

6.6.1 CARGO HANDLING CONTROL SYSTEM

Not applicable

6.6.2 RESTRAINT SYSTEM

Forward hold
ATR 72 6.6 / P2

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MANUAL CARGO LOADING SYSTEM 01 Jan 07

ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo

ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo

ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo

ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo

AFT hold
ATR 72 6.6 / P3

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MANUAL CARGO LOADING SYSTEM 01 Jan 07
ATR 72 6.6 / P4

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MANUAL CARGO LOADING SYSTEM 01 Jan 07
ATR 72 6.7 / P1

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MANUAL FORM 01 Jan 07

6.7 FORM

6.7.1 LOADSHEET & BALANCE FORM FOR AIRCRAFT VNB202/4/6/8/42/46


ATR 72 6.7 / P2

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MANUAL FORM 01 Jan 07

6.7.2 LOADSHEET & BALANCE FORM FOR AIRCRAFT VNB210/2/4


ATR 72 6.7 / P3

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MANUAL FORM 01 Jan 07

6.7.3 LOADSHEET & BALANCE FORM FOR AIRCRAFT VNB216


ATR 72 6.7 / P4

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MANUAL FORM 01 Jan 07

6.7.4 LOADING INSTRUCTION REPORT