Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 56

Codeware, Inc.

Houston, TX, USA


www.codeware.com

COMPRESS Pressure Vessel Design Calculations

Item: Split Stream Dearator


Vessel No: V-1234
Customer: Magaladon Oil Venture
Contract: C-45490-R56
Designer: John Doe
Date: April 1, 2001
You can edit this page by selecting Cover Page settings... in the report menu.

1/55

Deficiencies Summary
Deficiencies for Dished Cover #1
The Rated MDMT of -40.00C is warmer than the Design MDMT of -46.00C.
Deficiencies for End Closure
The flange rated MDMT (-40 C) is less than the target MDMT (-46 C)
Deficiencies for Temporary Cover
Entry for head diameter D does not agree with the adjacent cylinder diameter
The Rated MDMT of 17.00C is warmer than the Design MDMT of -46.00C.

2/55

Pressure Summary
Pressure Summary for Chamber bounded by Dished Cover #1 and Temporary Cover
P

Design
( kPa)

Design
(C)

Temporary Cover

11900.0

Cylinder #1

MAWP
( kPa)

MAP
( kPa)

MAEP
( kPa)

85.0

11915.30

12620.44

11624.76

11900.0

85.0

13574.09

14479.64

Cylinder #2

11900.0

85.0

13574.09

Transition #1

11900.0

85.0

Cylinder #3

11900.0

Dished Cover #1

Total Corrosion

MDMT
(C)

MDMT
Exemption

85.0

17.0

Note 1

3.00

No

7686.54

85.0

-53.2

Note 2

3.00

Yes

14479.64

7686.54

85.0

-53.2

Note 2

3.00

Yes

12793.34

13645.29

984.08

85.0

-50.1

Note 3

3.00

Yes

85.0

12835.58

13689.84

7073.77

85.0

-50.3

Note 4

3.00

Yes

11900.0

85.0

14019.64

13526.32

23220.59

85.0

-40.0

Note 5

3.00

Yes

End Closure

11900.0

85.0

12055.32

14036.16

1088.07

85.0

-40.0

Note 6

3.00

Yes

End Closure - Flange Hub

11900.0

85.0

12320.93

13176.07

6709.92

85.0

-48.0

Note 7

3.00

Yes

Saddle #1

11900.0

85.0

11915.30

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Identifier

external
(C)

Allowance
(mm)

Impact
Test

Chamber design MDMT is -46.00C


Chamber rated MDMT is 17.00C @ 11915.30 kPa
Chamber MAWP hot & corroded is 11915.30 kPa @ 85.0C
Chamber MAP cold & new is 12620.44 kPa @ 21.1C
Chamber MAEP is 984.08 kPa @ 85.0C
Vacuum rings did not govern the external pressure rating.
Notes for MDMT Rating:
Note #

Exemption

Details

1.

Head impact test exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B = 17 C

UCS-66 governing thickness = 50 mm.

2.

Material is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C

UCS-66(i) reduction of 7.2 C applied (ratio = 0.870568).

3.

Material is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C

UCS-66(i) reduction of 4.1 C applied (ratio = 0.9273068).

4.

Material is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C

UCS-66(i) reduction of 4.3 C applied (ratio = 0.9240608).

5.

Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (e) = -40 C

Bolting limits MDMT rating.

6.

UCS-66(b)(1)(b) has been applied.


Flange is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C
UCS-66(i) reduction of 8.5 C applied (ratio = 0.8489).

Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (e) = -40 C

7.

Material is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C

UCS-66(i) reduction of 2 C applied (ratio = 0.96513).

Design notes are available on the Settings Summary page.

3/55

Revision History
No.

Date

6/16/2011

Operator

Notes

waqas.haider New vessel created ASME Section VIII Division 1 [Build 6258]

4/55

Settings Summary
COMPRESS Build 6258
Units: SI
Datum Line Location: 0.00 mm from right seam
Design
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2007 Edition Metric
Design or Rating:

Get Thickness from Pressure

Minimum thickness:

1.50 mm per UG-16(b)

Design for cold shut down only:

No

Design for lethal service (full radiography required):

No

Design nozzles for:

Design P, find nozzle MAWP and MAP

Corrosion weight loss:

100% of theoretical loss

UG-23 Stress Increase:

1.20

Skirt/legs stress increase:

1.0

Minimum nozzle projection:

152.40 mm

Juncture calculations for > 30 only:

Yes

Preheat P-No 1 Materials > 1.25&#34 and <= 1.50" thick:


Butt welds are tapered per Figure UCS-66.3(a).

No

Hydro/Pneumatic Test
Shop Hydrotest Pressure:

1.3 times vessel


MAWP

Test liquid specific gravity:

1.00

Maximum stress during test:

90% of yield

Required Marking - UG-116


UG-116 (e) Radiography:

RT1

UG-116 (f) Postweld heat treatment: HT


Code Cases\Interpretations
Use Code Case 2547:

No

Apply interpretation VIII-1-83-66:

Yes

Apply interpretation VIII-1-86-175: Yes


Apply interpretation VIII-1-83-115: Yes
Apply interpretation VIII-1-01-37:

Yes

Disallow UG-20(f) exemptions:

No

UG-22 Loadings
UG-22 (a) Internal or External Design Pressure :

Yes

UG-22 (b) Weight of the vessel and normal contents under operating or test conditions:

Yes

UG-22 (c) Superimposed static reactions from weight of attached equipment (external loads):

No

5/55

UG-22 (d)(2) Vessel supports such as lugs, rings, skirts, saddles and legs:

Yes

UG-22 (f) Wind reactions:

No

UG-22 (f) Seismic reactions:


Note: UG-22 (b),(c) and (f) loads only considered when supports are present.

No

6/55

Thickness Summary
Component
Identifier

Material

Diameter
(mm)

Length
(mm)

Nominal t
(mm)

Design t
(mm)

Joint
E

Load

Temporary Cover

SA-516 65

924.00 OD

164.00

164.00*

163.78

1.0000

Internal

Cylinder #1

SA-516 65

824.00 ID

1800.00

50.00

43.86

1.0000

Internal

Cylinder #2

SA-516 65

824.00 ID

2600.00

50.00

43.86

1.0000

Internal

Transition #1

SA-516 65

824.00/875.00 ID

610.00

50.00

46.52

1.0000

Internal

Cylinder #3

SA-516 65

875.00 ID

6025.00

50.00

46.37

1.0000

Internal

Flange - Dished Cover #1

SA-516 65

875.00 ID

180.00

180.00

172.29

1.0000

Internal

Dished Cover #1

SA-516 65

1119.00 OD

249.14

164.00*

55.50

1.0000

Internal

Nominal t: Vessel wall nominal thickness


Design t:

Required vessel thickness due to governing loading + corrosion

Joint E:

Longitudinal seam joint efficiency

Head minimum thickness after forming

Load
internal:

Circumferential stress due to internal pressure governs

external:

External pressure governs

Wind:

Combined longitudinal stress of pressure + weight + wind governs

Seismic:

Combined longitudinal stress of pressure + weight + seismic governs

7/55

Weight Summary
Weight ( kg) Contributed by Vessel Elements
Component

Metal

Metal
New*

Corroded*

Insulation &
Supports

Lining

Piping
+ Liquid

Operating
Liquid

Test
Liquid

Temporary Cover

861.40

845.65

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Cylinder #1

1,935.67

1,825.79

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

959.08

Cylinder #2

2,795.97

2,637.25

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

1,385.33

Transition #1

677.60

639.08

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

345.55

Cylinder #3

6,857.20

6,466.71

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

3,842.23

Dished Cover #1

1,391.09

1,376.25

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

50.58

Saddle #1

189.60

189.60

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

TOTAL:

14,708.54

13,980.33

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

6,582.78

* Shells with attached nozzles have weight reduced by material cut out for opening.
Weight ( kg) Contributed by Attachments
Component

New
Temporary Cover

Nozzles &
Flanges

Body Flanges

0.00

Corroded

New

Corroded

0.00

0.00

0.00

Packed
Beds

Trays &
Supports

Rings &
Clips

Vertical
Loads

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Cylinder #1

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Cylinder #2

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Transition #1

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Cylinder #3

625.75

601.77

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Dished Cover #1

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

TOTAL:

625.75

601.77

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Vessel operating weight, Corroded: 14,582 kg


Vessel operating weight, New:

15,334 kg

Vessel empty weight, Corroded:

14,582 kg

Vessel empty weight, New:

15,334 kg

Vessel test weight, New:

21,917 kg

Vessel center of gravity location - from datum - lift condition


Vessel Lift Weight, New: 15,334 kg
Center of Gravity:

5,375.51 mm

Vessel Capacity
Vessel Capacity** (New):

6,366 liters

Vessel Capacity** (Corroded): 6,456 liters


**The vessel capacity does not include volume of nozzle, piping or other attachments.

8/55

Hydrostatic Test

Shop test pressure determination for Chamber bounded by Dished Cover #1 and Temporary Cover based on
MAWP per UG-99(b)
Shop hydrostatic test gauge pressure is 15,489.88 kPa at 21.11 C (the chamber MAWP = 11,915.3 kPa)
The shop test is performed with the vessel in the horizontal position.

Identifier

Local test Test liquid UG-99


UG-99
Stress
Allowable
Stress
pressure static head stress pressure during test test stress
excessive?
kPa
kPa
ratio
factor
MPa
MPa

Cylinder #1 (1)

15,497.96

8.07

1.30

135.304

216

No

Cylinder #2

15,497.96

8.07

1.30

135.304

216

No

Transition #1

15,498.46

8.57

1.30

136.085

216

No

Cylinder #3

15,498.46

8.57

1.30

143.221

216

No

Dished Cover #1

15,498.46

8.57

1.30

37.21

216

No

Temporary Cover

15,497.96

8.07

1.30

162.347

324

No

End Closure

15,498.46

8.57

1.30

172.453

324

No

Notes:
(1) Cylinder #1 limits the UG-99 stress ratio.
(2) VIII-2, AD-151.1(b) used as the basis for nozzle allowable test stress.
(3) The zero degree angular position is assumed to be up, and the test liquid height is assumed to the top-most
flange.
The field test condition has not been investigated for the Chamber bounded by Dished Cover #1 and Temporary
Cover .

Warning! UG-99(h): The test temperature of 21.11 degrees C is colder than the minimum recommended
temperature of 34 degrees C

9/55

Vacuum Summary

Component

Line of Support

Elevation

Length

above Datum
(mm)

Le
(mm)

Temporary Cover

11569.00

N/A

1/3 depth of Temporary Cover

11405.00

N/A

Cylinder #1 Top

11405.00

4400.00

Cylinder #1 Bottom

9605.00

4400.00

Cylinder #2 Top

9605.00

4400.00

Cylinder #2 Bottom

7005.00

4400.00

Transition #1 Top

7005.00

594.05

Transition #1 Top

7005.00

594.05

Transition #1 Bottom

6395.00

594.05

Transition #1 Bottom

6395.00

594.05

Cylinder #3 Top

6395.00

6395.00

Cylinder #3 Bottom

370.00

6395.00

End Closure

0.00

N/A

Flange - Dished Cover #1

-0.00

N/A

1/3 depth of Dished Cover #1

-29.38

N/A

Dished Cover #1

-249.14

N/A

Note
For main components, the listed value of 'Le' is the largest unsupported length for the component.

10/55

Cylinder #1
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2007 Edition Metric
Component:
Cylinder
Material specification:
SA-516 65 (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 34)
Material is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C
UCS-66(i) reduction of 7.2 C applied (ratio = 0.870568).
Internal design pressure: P = 11900 kPa @ 85C
External design pressure: Pe = 103.421 kPa @ 85C
Static liquid head:
Pth =8.0739 kPa (SG=1.0000, Hs=824.00 mm, Horizontal test head)
Corrosion allowance:

Inner C = 3.00 mm

Design MDMT = -46.00C


Rated MDMT = -53.20C

Radiography:

Impact test performed


Material is normalized
Material is not produced to Fine Grain Practice
PWHT is performed

Longitudinal joint Left circumferential joint Right circumferential joint -

Estimated weight: New = 1935.6730 kg


Capacity:
New = 959.8797 liters
ID = 824.00 mm
Length Lc = 1800.00 mm
t = 50.00 mm

Outer C = 0.00 mm

Full UW-11(a) Type 1


Full UW-11(a) Type 1
Full UW-11(a) Type 1

corr = 1825.7887 kg
corr = 973.9081 liters

Design thickness, (at 85.00C) UG-27(c)(1)


t

=
=
=

P*R/(S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


11900.00*415.00/(128000*1.00 - 0.60*11900.00) + 3.00
43.8633 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 85.00C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

=
=
=

S*E*t/(R + 0.60*t) - Ps
128000*1.00*47.0003 / (415.00 + 0.60*47.0003) - 0.0000
13574.0869 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

=
=
=

S*E*t/(R + 0.60*t)
128000*1.00*50.0000 / (412.00 + 0.60*50.0000)
14479.6396 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-28(c)


L/Do = 4400.0005/924.0000 = 4.7619
Do/t = 924.0000/5.702012 = 162.0481
From table G:

A = 0.000127

11/55

From table CS-2 Metric: B = 12.5694 MPa


Pa = 4*B/(3*(Do/t))
= 4*12.5694/(3*(924.0000/5.702012))
= 103.4213 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.4213 kPa
= t + Corrosion = 5.702012 + 3.00 = 8.70 mm
Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-28(c)
L/Do = 4400.0005/924.00 = 4.7619
Do/t = 924.00/47.0003 = 19.6595
From table G:

A = 0.003306

From table CS-2 Metric: B = 113.3350 MPa


Pa = 4*B/(3*(Do/t))
= 4*113.3350/(3*(924.00/47.0003))
= 7686.5415 kPa
% Extreme fiber elongation - UCS-79(d)
= (50 * t / Rf) * (1 - Rf / Ro)
= (50 * 50.00 / 437.0000) * (1 - 437.0000 / )
= 5.7208 %

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 47.0003)

0.012717

120.1559 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1559 MPa

ScHC

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 50.0000)

0.013528

120.2329 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.2329 MPa

ScHN

12/55

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 50.0000)

0.013528

120.2329 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.2329 MPa

ScCN

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 47.0003)

0.012717

120.1559 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1559 MPa

ScCC

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 47.0003)

0.012717

120.1559 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1559 MPa

ScVC

13/55

Cylinder #2
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2007 Edition Metric
Component:
Cylinder
Material specification:
SA-516 65 (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 34)
Material is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C
UCS-66(i) reduction of 7.2 C applied (ratio = 0.870568).
Internal design pressure: P = 11900 kPa @ 85C
External design pressure: Pe = 103.421 kPa @ 85C
Static liquid head:
Pth =8.0739 kPa (SG=1.0000, Hs=824.00 mm, Horizontal test head)
Corrosion allowance:

Inner C = 3.00 mm

Design MDMT = -46.00C


Rated MDMT = -53.20C

Radiography:

Outer C = 0.00 mm

Impact test performed


Material is normalized
Material is produced to Fine Grain Practice
PWHT is performed

Longitudinal joint Left circumferential joint Right circumferential joint -

Estimated weight: New = 2795.9722 kg


Capacity:
New = 1386.4929 liters
ID = 824.00 mm
Length Lc = 2600.00 mm
t = 50.00 mm

Full UW-11(a) Type 1


Full UW-11(a) Type 1
Full UW-11(a) Type 1

corr = 2637.2502 kg
corr = 1406.7562 liters

Design thickness, (at 85.00C) UG-27(c)(1)


t

=
=
=

P*R/(S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


11900.00*415.00/(128000*1.00 - 0.60*11900.00) + 3.00
43.8633 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 85.00C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

=
=
=

S*E*t/(R + 0.60*t) - Ps
128000*1.00*47.0003 / (415.00 + 0.60*47.0003) - 0.0000
13574.0869 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

=
=
=

S*E*t/(R + 0.60*t)
128000*1.00*50.0000 / (412.00 + 0.60*50.0000)
14479.6396 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-28(c)


L/Do = 4400.0005/924.0000 = 4.7619
Do/t = 924.0000/5.702012 = 162.0481
From table G:

A = 0.000127

14/55

From table CS-2 Metric: B = 12.5694 MPa


Pa = 4*B/(3*(Do/t))
= 4*12.5694/(3*(924.0000/5.702012))
= 103.4213 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.4213 kPa
= t + Corrosion = 5.702012 + 3.00 = 8.70 mm
Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-28(c)
L/Do = 4400.0005/924.00 = 4.7619
Do/t = 924.00/47.0003 = 19.6595
From table G:

A = 0.003306

From table CS-2 Metric: B = 113.3350 MPa


Pa = 4*B/(3*(Do/t))
= 4*113.3350/(3*(924.00/47.0003))
= 7686.5415 kPa
% Extreme fiber elongation - UCS-79(d)
= (50 * t / Rf) * (1 - Rf / Ro)
= (50 * 50.00 / 437.0000) * (1 - 437.0000 / )
= 5.7208 %

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 47.0003)

0.012717

120.1559 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1559 MPa

ScHC

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 50.0000)

0.013528

120.2329 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.2329 MPa

ScHN

15/55

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 50.0000)

0.013528

120.2329 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.2329 MPa

ScCN

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 47.0003)

0.012717

120.1559 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1559 MPa

ScCC

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (462.0000 / 47.0003)

0.012717

120.1559 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1559 MPa

ScVC

16/55

Transition #1
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2007 Edition Metric
Component:
Transition
Material specification:
SA-516 65 (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 34)
Material is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C
UCS-66(i) reduction of 4.1 C applied (ratio = 0.9273068).
Internal design pressure: P = 11900.0000 kPa @ 85.00C
External design pressure: Pe = 103.4214 kPa @ 85.00C
Static liquid head:
Pth =8.0739 kPa (SG=1.0000, Hs=824.00 mm, Horizontal test head at small end)
Pth =8.5736 kPa (SG=1.0000, Hs=875.00 mm, Horizontal test head at large end)
Corrosion allowance:

Inner C = 3.00 mm

Outer C = 0.00 mm

Design MDMT = -46.00C


Rated MDMT = -50.10C

Impact test performed


Material is normalized
Material is produced to Fine Grain Practice
PWHT is performed

Radiography:

Full UW-11(a) Type 1


Full UW-11(a) Type 1
Full UW-11(a) Type 1

Category A joints Circ. joint top/left Circ. joint right/bottom -

Estimated weight: New = 677.6 kg


Capacity:
New = 345.8 liters
Axial length = 610.00 mm
Large End ID = 875.0000 mm
Small End ID = 824.0000 mm
Cone tc = 50.00 mm

corr = 639.1 kg
corr = 350.8 liters

Design thickness, (at 85.00C) UG-32(g) (Large End)


t

P*D / (2*Cos()*(S*E - 0.60*P)) + C


11900.0000*881.0203 / (2*Cos(4.779)*(128000*1.00 - 0.60*11900.0000))
=
+ 2.9997
=
46.52 mm
Small End design thickness (t = 44.00 mm) does not govern.
MAWP, (Corroded at 85.00C) UG-32(g) (Large End)
P

2*S*E*t*Cos() / (D + 1.20*t*Cos()) - Ps

2*128000*1.00*47.0003*Cos(4.779) / (881.0203 + 1.20*47.0003*Cos(4.779)) 0.0000

12793.34 kPa

Small End MAWP (13529.5664 kPa) does not govern.


MAP, (New at 21.11C) UG-32(g) (Large End)
P

2*S*E*t*Cos() / (D + 1.20*t*Cos()) - Ps

17/55

2*128000*1.00*50.0000*Cos(4.779) / (875.0000 + 1.20*50.0000*Cos(4.779)) 0.0000


=

13645.29 kPa

Small End MAP (14432.7021 kPa) does not govern.


External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-33(f)
DL = 975.35 mm
Le

= (L/2)*(1+Ds/DL)
= (610.0000/2)*(1+924.3489/975.3489)
= 594.05 mm

te = t * Cos()
= 2.542863
Le/DL = 594.0519/975.3489 = 0.6091
DL/te = 975.3489/2.542863 = 383.5633
From table G:
A = 0.000300
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 29.7511 MPa
Pa = 4*B/(3*(DL/te))
= 4*29.7511/(3*(975.3489/2.542863))
= 103.4201 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.4201 kPa
= te/Cos() + Corrosion = 2.542863/Cos() + 3.00 = 5.55 mm
Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-33(f)
te = t*Cos() = 46.84 mm
Le/DL = 594.0519/975.3489 = 0.6091
DL/te = 975.3489/46.8368 = 20.8244
From table G:

A = 0.026722

From table CS-2 Metric: B = 121.0000 MPa


Pa = 4*B/(3*(DL/te))
= 4*121.0000/(3*(975.3489/46.8368))
= 7747.3252 kPa
% Extreme fiber elongation - UCS-79(d)
= (50 * t / Rf) * (1 - Rf / Ro)
= (50 * 50.1744 / 437.0872) * (1 - 437.0872 / )
= 5.7396 %

18/55

Cone juncture large end calculations, P =12,793.34 kPa


Appendix 1-5(d)
Loading

Pressure

Area check

U-2(g)

required
( < )

analysis
required

No

No

f1
(N /cm)
0

QL

(N /cm)

ArL

(cm2)

28,177.31 0

AeL

(cm2)

Ring
area (cm2)

0.24 none

Status

OK

19/55

Cone large end calculations per Appendix 1-5(d), pressure, corroded


f1 = -Wl/(*2*Rm) + 12*Ml/(*Rm2)
= -0/(*2*18.2677) + 12*0/(*18.26772)
= 0 lb/in (0 N/cm)
P*RL/2 = 16,089.66 lb/in (28,177.31 N/cm)
|f1| <= P*RL/2 so a U-2(g) analysis is not required.
P/(Ss*E1) = 1,855.517/(18,564.83*1) = 0.099948
From table 1-5.1 = 30
As >= no additional reinforcement is required.
Cone juncture small end calculations P = 12,793.34 kPa
Appendix 1-5(e)
Loading

Pressure

Area check

U-2(g)

required
( < )

analysis
required

No

No

f2
(N /cm)
0

Qs
(N /cm)

Ars
(cm2)

26,546.16 0

Aes
(cm2)

Ring
area (cm2)

6.11 none

Status

OK

20/55

Cone small end calculations per Appendix 1-5(e), pressure, corroded


f2 = -Ws/(*2*Rm) + 12*Ms/(*Rm2)
= -0/(*2*17.2638) + 12*0/(*17.26382)
= 0 lb/in (0 N/cm)
P*Rs/2 = 15,158.25 lb/in (26,546.16 N/cm)
|f2| <= P*Rs/2 so a U-2(g) analysis is not required.
P/(Ss*E1) = 1,855.517/(18,564.83*1) = 0.099948
From table 1-5.2 = 26.99
As >= no additional reinforcement is required.
Cone large end calculations for external pressure of 984.08 kPa
Appendix 1-8(b)
Area
Loading

check
req'd
<

Vacuum

No

U-2(g)
analysis
req'd

No

f1
(N /cm)
0

QL

(N /cm)

ArL

(cm2)

AeL

(cm2)

Ring
area (cm2)

2,398.69 0.07 110.87 none

Area
status

OK

I's
(cm4)

I'
(cm4)

I
status

214.5756 214.5798 OK

21/55

Cone large end calculations per Appendix 1-8(b), weight + external pressure
f1 = Wl/(*2*Rm) + 12*Ml/(*Rm2)
= 0/(*2*18.2677) + 12*0/(*18.26772)
= 0 lb/in (0 N/cm)
P*RL/2 = 1,369.689 lb/in (2,398.692 N/cm)
f1 + P*RL/2 is in compression so a U-2(g) analysis is not required.
P/(Ss*E1) = 142.7286/(18,564.83*1) = 0.007688
From table 1-8.1 = 8.61
As >= no additional reinforcement is required.
M = -RL*tan()/2 + LL/2 + (RL2 - Rs2)/(3*RL*tan())
= -19.1929*tan(4.7792)/2 + 251.7717/2 + (19.19292 - 18.1892)/(3*19.1929*tan(4.7792))
= 132.8794
Lc = (L2 + (RL - Rs)2)0.5
= (24.01572 + (19.1929 - 18.189)2)0.5
= 24.03672
ATL = LL*ts/2 + Lc * tc/2 + As
= 251.7717*1.8504/2 + 24.0367 * 1.8504/2 + 0
= 255.1785
FL = P*M + f1*tan()
= 142.7286*132.8794 + 0*tan(4.7792)
= 18,965.69
B = 0.75*FL*DL/ATL
= 0.75*18,965.6895*38.3858/255.1785
= 2,139.719
From Table CS-2 Metric: A = 0.000149 (shell, 85C)
I's = A*DL2*ATL/10.9
= 0.0001494467*38.38582*255.1785/10.9
= 5.1552 in4 (214.5756 cm4)
The calculated I' for the combined shell-cone cross section is 5.1553 in4 (214.5798 cm4)
As I' >= I's the large end is adequately stiffened per Appendix 1-8(b).
Cone small end calculations for external pressure of 984.08 kPa
Appendix 1-8(c)
U-2(g)
Loading

analysis
req'd

Vacuum

No

f2
(N /cm)
0

Qs

(N /cm)

Ars

(cm2)

Aes

(cm2)

2,273.22 0.69 85.15

Ring
area (cm2)

Area
status

none

OK

I's
(cm4)

I'
(cm4)

125.798 208.3196

I
status

OK

22/55

Cone small end calculations per Appendix 1-8(c), weight + external pressure
f2 = Ws/(*2*Rm) + 12*Ms/(*Rm2)
= 0/(*2*17.2638) + 12*0/(*17.26382)
= 0 lb/in (0 N/cm)
P*Rs/2 = 1,298.044 lb/in (2,273.222 N/cm)
f2 + P*Rs/2 is in compression so a U-2(g) analysis is not required.
Qs = P*Rs/2 + f2
= 1,298.0436 + 0
= 1,298.044 lb/in (2,273.222 N/cm)
Ars = (k*Qs*Rs*tan()/(Ss*E1))
= (1*1,298.0436*18.189*tan(4.7792)/(18,564.832*1))
= 0.1063278 in2 (0.6859843 cm2)
Aes = 0.55*(Ds*ts)0.5*((ts - t) + (tc - tr)/cos())
= 0.55*(36.378*1.8504)0.5*((1.8504 - 0.5588952) + (1.8504 - 0.2226677)/cos(4.7792))
= 13.19866 in2 (85.15244 cm2)
Aes >= Ars therefore the small end juncture is adequately reinforced.
N = Rs*tan()/2 + Ls/2 + (RL2 - Rs2)/(6*Rs*tan())
= 18.189*tan(4.7792)/2 + 173.2284/2 + (19.19292 - 18.1892)/(6*18.189*tan(4.7792))
= 91.48763
Lc = (L2 + (RL - Rs)2)0.5
= (24.01572 + (19.1929 - 18.189)2)0.5
= 24.03672
Ats = Ls*ts/2 + Lc * tc/2 + As
= 173.2284*1.8504/2 + 24.0367 * 1.8504/2 + 0
= 182.51
Fs = P*N + f2*tan()
= 142.7286*91.4876 + 0*tan(4.7792)
= 13,057.90
B = 0.75*Fs*Ds/Ats
= 0.75*13,057.9014*36.378/182.51
= 1,952.028
From Table CS-2 Metric: A = 0.000136 (shell, 85C)
I's = A*Ds2*Ats/10.9
= 0.0001363963*36.3782*182.51/10.9
= 3.02231 in4 (125.798 cm4)
The calculated I' for the combined shell-cone cross section is 5.0049 in4 (208.3196 cm4)

23/55

As I' >= I's the small end is adequately stiffened per Appendix 1-8(c).
MAP Cone juncture large end calculations, P =13,645.29 kPa
Appendix 1-5(d)
Loading

Pressure

Area check

U-2(g)

required
( < )

analysis
required

No

No

f1
(N /cm)
0

QL

(N /cm)

ArL

(cm2)

29,849.06 0

AeL

(cm2)

Ring
area (cm2)

0.26 none

Status

OK

24/55

Cone large end calculations per Appendix 1-5(d), pressure, new


f1 = -Wl/(*2*Rm) + 12*Ml/(*Rm2)
= -0/(*2*18.2087) + 12*0/(*18.20872)
= 0 lb/in (0 N/cm)
P*RL/2 = 17,044.26 lb/in (29,849.06 N/cm)
|f1| <= P*RL/2 so a U-2(g) analysis is not required.
P/(Ss*E1) = 1,979.082/(18,564.83*1) = 0.106604
From table 1-5.1 = 30
As >= no additional reinforcement is required.
MAP Cone juncture small end calculations P = 13,645.29 kPa
Appendix 1-5(e)
Loading

Pressure

Area check

U-2(g)

required
( < )

analysis
required

No

No

f2
(N /cm)
0

Qs
(N /cm)

Ars
(cm2)

28,109.29 0

Aes
(cm2)

Ring
area (cm2)

6.72 none

Status

OK

Cone small end calculations per Appendix 1-5(e), pressure, new


f2 = -Ws/(*2*Rm) + 12*Ms/(*Rm2)
= -0/(*2*17.2047) + 12*0/(*17.20472)
= 0 lb/in (0 N/cm)
P*Rs/2 = 16,050.82 lb/in (28,109.29 N/cm)
|f2| <= P*Rs/2 so a U-2(g) analysis is not required.
P/(Ss*E1) = 1,979.082/(18,564.83*1) = 0.106604
From table 1-5.2 = 27.79
As >= no additional reinforcement is required.

25/55

Cylinder #3
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2007 Edition Metric
Component:
Cylinder
Material specification:
SA-516 65 (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 34)
Material is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C
UCS-66(i) reduction of 4.3 C applied (ratio = 0.9240608).
Internal design pressure: P = 11900 kPa @ 85C
External design pressure: Pe = 103.421 kPa @ 85C
Static liquid head:
Pth =8.5736 kPa (SG=1.0000, Hs=875.00 mm, Horizontal test head)
Corrosion allowance:

Inner C = 3.00 mm

Design MDMT = -46.00C


Rated MDMT = -50.30C

Radiography:

Outer C = 0.00 mm

Impact test performed


Material is not normalized
Material is not produced to Fine Grain Practice
PWHT is performed

Longitudinal joint Left circumferential joint Right circumferential joint -

Estimated weight: New = 6857.2002 kg


Capacity:
New = 3622.9558 liters
ID = 875.00 mm
Length Lc = 6025.00 mm
t = 50.00 mm

Full UW-11(a) Type 1


Full UW-11(a) Type 1
Full UW-11(a) Type 1

corr = 6466.7104 kg
corr = 3672.8079 liters

Design thickness, (at 85.00C) UG-27(c)(1)


t

=
=
=

P*R/(S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


11900.00*440.50/(128000*1.00 - 0.60*11900.00) + 3.00
46.3728 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 85.00C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

=
=
=

S*E*t/(R + 0.60*t) - Ps
128000*1.00*47.0003 / (440.50 + 0.60*47.0003) - 0.0000
12835.5771 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

=
=
=

S*E*t/(R + 0.60*t)
128000*1.00*50.0000 / (437.50 + 0.60*50.0000)
13689.8408 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-28(c)


L/Do = 6395.0000/975.0000 = 6.5590
Do/t = 975.0000/6.970780 = 139.8696
From table G:

A = 0.000110

26/55

From table CS-2 Metric: B = 10.8491 MPa


Pa = 4*B/(3*(Do/t))
= 4*10.8491/(3*(975.0000/6.970780))
= 103.4213 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.4213 kPa
= t + Corrosion = 6.970780 + 3.00 = 9.97 mm
Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-28(c)
L/Do = 6395.0000/975.00 = 6.5590
Do/t = 975.00/47.0003 = 20.7446
From table G:

A = 0.002756

From table CS-2 Metric: B = 110.0567 MPa


Pa = 4*B/(3*(Do/t))
= 4*110.0567/(3*(975.00/47.0003))
= 7073.7676 kPa
% Extreme fiber elongation - UCS-79(d)
= (50 * t / Rf) * (1 - Rf / Ro)
= (50 * 50.00 / 462.5000) * (1 - 462.5000 / )
= 5.4054 %

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (487.5000 / 47.0003)

0.012051

120.0891 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.0891 MPa

ScHC

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (487.5000 / 50.0000)

0.012821

120.1661 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1661 MPa

ScHN

27/55

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (487.5000 / 50.0000)

0.012821

120.1661 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1661 MPa

ScCN

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (487.5000 / 47.0003)

0.012051

120.0891 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.0891 MPa

ScCC

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (487.5000 / 47.0003)

0.012051

120.0891 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.0891 MPa

ScVC

28/55

Temporary Cover
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2007 Edition Metric
Component:
Welded Cover
Material specification:
SA-516 65 (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 34)
Head impact test exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B = 17 C
UCS-66 governing thickness = 50 mm.
Internal design pressure: P = 11900.0000 kPa @ 85.00C
External design pressure: Pe = 103.4214 kPa @ 85.00C
Static liquid head:
Pth =4.0370 kPa (SG=1.0000, Hs=412.00 mm,Horizontal test head)
Corrosion allowance:

Inner C = 3.00 mm

Outer C = 0.00 mm

Design MDMT = -46.00C


Rated MDMT = 17.00C

No impact test performed


Material is not normalized
Material is not produced to Fine Grain Practice
PWHT is performed

Radiography:

Seamless No RT

Category A joints -

Estimated weight:
New = 861.4 kg
Head outside diameter = 924.00 mm
Cover thickness = 164.00 mm

corr = 845.6 kg

Factor C from Fig. UG-34, sketch (b-2), (e through g)


C = 0.33*tr/ts = 0.33*1.8025/1.8504 = 0.3215

Design thickness, (at 85 C) UG-34 (c)(2)


t = d*Sqr(C*P/(S*E)) + Corrosion
= 36.6142*Sqr(0.3215*1,725.9491/(18,564.83*1)) + 0.1181
= 6.4482 in (163.78 mm)
Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 85 C )
C = 0.33*tr/ts = 0.33*1.805/1.8504 = 0.3219

P = (S*E/C)*(t/d)2 - Ps
= (18,564.83*1/0.3219267)*(6.3386/36.6142)2 - 0
= 1,728.168 psi (11,915.3 kPa)
Maximum allowable pressure, (At 21.11 C )
C = 0.33*tr/ts = 0.33*1.9061/1.9685 = 0.3195

P = (S*E/C)*(t/d)2
= (18,564.83*1/0.3195)*(6.4567/36.378)2
= 1,830.44 psi (12,620.44 kPa)

29/55

Design thickness for external pressure, (at 85 C) UG-34(c)(2)


t = d*Sqr(C*Pe/(S*E)) + Corrosion
= 36.6142*Sqr(0.33*15/(18,564.83*1)) + 0.1181
= 0.716 in (18.19 mm)
Maximum allowable external pressure, (At 85 C )
P = (S*E/C)*(t/d)2
= (18,564.83*1/0.33)*(6.3386/36.6142)2
= 1,686.028 psi (11,624.76 kPa)

30/55

Dished Cover #1
ASME Section VIII, Division 1, 2007 Edition Metric

Component

Dished Cover Figure 1-6 Sketch (b)

Internal design pressure, P

11,900 kPa @ 85 C

External design pressure, Pe

103.4214 kPa @ 85 C

Design MDMT

-46 C

Rated MDMT

-40 C

Component Properties

Head

Flange

Material specification

SA-516 65 SA-516 65 (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 34)

Inside crown radius, L

674.6 mm

Thickness (note 1)

164 mm

Inner diameter, B

875 mm

Outer diameter, A

1,119 mm

Bolt circle, C

980 mm

Bolting

12 - 3.25 in dia

Bolt material

SA-193 B7 Bolt 64 < t <= 100 (II-D Metric p. 348,


ln. 32)

Bolt corrosion allowance (radial)

0 mm

Gasket description

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304


S.S. : Metal; Monel

Gasket OD

894 mm

Gasket ID

880 mm

Gasket factor, m

Seating stress, y

17,236.89 kPa

Corrosion allowance inner/bore

3 mm

180 mm

3 mm

31/55

Corrosion allowance outer/flange

0 mm

0 mm

Impact tested

-46 C

-46 C

Normalized

Yes

Yes

PWHT

Yes

Yes

Optimize MDMT/Find MAWP

No

No

Bolting Holes Slotted

No

Flange thickness does not include consideration of the flange facing.

Liquid

Specific gravity

Liquid Height

Static liquid
pressure

Operating Internal

0 mm

0 kPa

Horizontal test

875 mm

8.5736 kPa

Vertical test

11,490.14 mm

0 kPa

Estimated weight

New

Head

Flange

852.3191 kg

538.7727 kg

Corroded 849.141 kg
Capacity

New

527.1065 kg

50.6267 liters 0 liters

Corroded 51.8524 liters 0 liters


MDMT Rating:
Flange is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C
UCS-66(i) reduction of 3.3 C applied (ratio = 0.9413244).
Flange MDMT Rating = -49.3 C
Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (e) = -40 C
Head is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C
UCS-66(i) reduction of 80 C applied (ratio = 0.3264827).
Head MDMT Rating = -105 C

Head Design Thickness per Appendix 1-6(e)(1)(a):


tr

= 5*P*L / (6*S) + Corrosion


= 5*11,900*677.6 / (6*128,000) + 3
= 55.5 mm

Head Design Thickness per Appendix 1-6(e)(1)(b):


Equivalent outside spherical radius (Ro)
=
Outside crown radius
=
838.6 mm

32/55

=
=
=

0.125 / (Ro/t)
0.125 / (838.6/2.42)
0.000361

From Table CS-2 Metric: B=35.7978 MPa


Pa

=
=
=

B/(Ro/t)
35,797.83/(838.6/2.42)
103.4213 kPa

te = 2.42 + 3 = 5.42 mm
Flange Required Thickness per Appendix 1-6(e)(2):
Tr = ((Mo / (S*B))*(A + B) / (A - B))1/2
Mo

385,234.9
N-m

Tr = ((385,234.9 / (128,000*881))*(1,119 + 881) / (1,119 881))1/2 *103

169.43
mm

Mo = Mg

395,944.1
N-m

Tr = ((395,944.1 / (128,000*881))*(1,119 + 881) / (1,119 881))1/2 *103

171.77
mm

Mo

190.3 N-m

Tr = ((190.3 / (128,000*881))*(1,119 + 881) / (1,119 - 881))1/2


*103

3.77 mm

Mo = Mg

218,184.2
N-m

Tr = ((218,184.2 / (128,000*881))*(1,119 + 881) / (1,119 881))1/2 *103

127.51
mm

Operating
Operating, Hot &
Corr
Gasket Seating

Operating
Vacuum, Hot & Corr
Gasket Seating

Flange Design Thickness = 172.29 + 0 =

172.29
mm

Head MAWP per Appendix 1-6(e)(1)(a):


MAWP = 6*S*t / (5*L) - Ps
= 6*128,000*161 / (5*677.6) - 0
= 36,495.94 kPa
Flange
MAWP per
Appendix
1-6(e)(2):
MAWP =
14,019.64
kPa
Head MAP per Appendix 1-6(e)(1)(a):

33/55

MAP = 6*S*t / (5*L) - Ps


= 6*128,000*164 / (5*674.6) - 0
= 37,341.24 kPa
Flange MAP
per
Appendix
1-6(e)(2):
MAP =
13,526.32
kPa
Head MAEP per Appendix 1-6(e)(1)(b):
Equivalent outside spherical radius (Ro)
=
Outside crown radius
=
838.6 mm
A

=
=
=

0.125 / (Ro/t)
0.125 / (838.6/161)
0.023998

From Table CS-2 Metric: B=120.9488 MPa


Pa

=
=
=

B/(Ro/t)
120,948.8/(838.6/161)
23,220.59 kPa

MAEP = 23,220.59 kPa


Flange
MAEP per
Appendix
1-6(e)(2):
MAEP =
236,235.3
kPa
% Extreme fiber elongation - UCS-79(d)
=

(75*t / Rf)*(1 - Rf / Ro)

(75*164 / 756.6)*(1 - 756.6 / )

16.2569%

Flange calculations for Internal Pressure + Weight Only


Gasket details from facing sketch 6, Column I
Ring gasket width w = 7 mm
b0 = w/8 = 0.88 mm
Effective gasket seating width, b = b0 = 0.88 mm

34/55

G = (gasket OD + gasket ID) / 2 = 887 mm


hG = (C - G)/2 = (980 - 887)/2 = 46.5 mm
hD = (C - B)/2 = (980 - 881)/2 = 49.5 mm
hT = (hD + hG)/2 = (49.5 + 46.5)/2 = 48 mm
Hp = 2*b*3.14*G*m*P
= 2*0.88*3.14*887*2*11.9
= 116,002.9 N
H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*8872*11.9
= 7,349,602.31 N
HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*8812*11.9
= 7,250,500.37 N
HT = H - HD
= 7,349,603 - 7,250,501
= 99,101.94 N
Wm1 = H + Hp
= 7,349,603 + 116,002.9
= 7,465,605.27 N
Per VIII-1, Appendix 2-5(a)(2): Wm1 from the mating flange governs so Wm1 = 7,813,614.16 N
Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y
= 3.14*0.88*887*17.2369
= 42,006.93 N
Per VIII-1, Appendix 2-5(a)(2): Wm2 from the mating flange governs so Wm2 = 168,027.7 N
Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 491.4222 cm2
Am1 = Wm1/Sb = 7,813,614/(100*159) = 491.4222 cm2
Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 168,027.7/(100*159) = 10.5678 cm2
Total area for 12- 3.25 in dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 579.6376 cm2
W = (Am + Ab)*Sa/2
= (49,142.22 + 57,963.75)*159/2
= 8,514,926.98 N
MD = HD*hD = 7,250,501*0.0495 = 358,901.5 N-m
MT = HT*hT = 99,101.94*0.048 = 4,756.9 N-m
HG = Wm1 - H = 7,813,614 - 7,349,603 = 464,011.8 N
MG = HG*hG = 464,011.8*0.0465 = 21,576.6 N-m
Mo = MD + MT + MG = 358,901.5 + 4,756.9 + 21,576.6 = 385,234.9 N-m

35/55

Mg = W*hG = 8,514,927*0.0465 = 395,944.1 N-m

Flange calculations for External Pressure + Weight Only per VIII-1, Appendix 2-11
Gasket details from facing sketch 6, Column I
Ring gasket width w = 7 mm
b0 = w/8 = 0.88 mm
Effective gasket seating width, b = b0 = 0.88 mm
G = (gasket OD + gasket ID) / 2 = 887 mm
hG = (C - G)/2 = (980 - 887)/2 = 46.5 mm
hD = (C - B)/2 = (980 - 881)/2 = 49.5 mm
hT = (hD + hG)/2 = (49.5 + 46.5)/2 = 48 mm
Hp = 2*b*3.14*G*m*P
= 2*0.88*3.14*887*2*0.1034
= 1,008.17 N
H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*8872*0.1034
= 63,874.44 N
HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*8812*0.1034
= 63,013.16 N
HT = H - HD
= 63,874.44 - 63,013.16
= 861.28 N
Wm1 = H + Hp
= 63,874.44 + 1,008.17
= 64,882.61 N
Per VIII-1, Appendix 2-5(a)(2): Wm1 from the mating flange governs so Wm1 = 67,907.11 N
Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y
= 3.14*0.88*887*17.2369
= 42,006.93 N
Per VIII-1, Appendix 2-5(a)(2): Wm2 from the mating flange governs so Wm2 = 168,027.7 N
Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 10.56778 cm2
Am1 = 0.785*G2*(Pm - Pr)/Sb = 0/(100*159) = 0 cm2
Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 168,027.7/(100*159) = 10.5678 cm2
Total area for 12- 3.25 in dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 579.6376 cm2
W = (Am2 + Ab)*Sa/2

36/55

= (1,056.778 + 57,963.75)*159/2
= 4,692,133.19 N
Mo = HD*(hD - hG) + HT*(hT - hG)
= 63,013.16*(0.0495 - 0.0465) + 861.28*(0.048 - 0.0465)
= 190.3 N-m
Mg = W*hG = 4,692,133*0.0465 = 218,184.2 N-m

37/55

End Closure

ASME VIII-1, 2007 Edition Metric, Appendix 2 Flange Calculations

Flange is attached to:


Flange type:
Flange material specification:
Bolt material specification:

Cylinder #3 (Right)
Weld neck integral
SA-516 65 (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 34)
SA-193 B7 Bolt 64 < t <= 100 (II-D Metric p.
348, ln. 32)
11,900 kPa @ 85 C
115.23 mm

Internal design pressure, P:


Required flange thickness: tr=
Maximum allowable working pressure,
12,055.32 kPa @ 85 C
MAWP:
Maximum allowable pressure, MAP: 14,036.16 kPa @ 21.1111 C
External design pressure, Pe
103.42 kPa @ 85 C
Maximum allowable external
1,088.07 kPa @ 85 C
pressure, MAEP:
Corrosion allowance:
Bore = 3 mm
Bolt corrosion (root), Cbolt:
0 mm
Design MDMT:
-46 C
Rated MDMT:
-40 C

Estimated weight:

(bolting limits)

Flange = 0 mm
Impact tested to -46C
Flange material is normalized
Material is produced to fine grain
practice
PWHT is performed
corroded = 601.78 kg

New = 625.73 kg

Flange dimensions, new


flange OD

A = 1,119 mm

bolt circle

C = 980 mm

gasket OD

= 894 mm

gasket ID

= 880 mm

flange ID

B = 875 mm

thickness

bolting

= 116 mm
= 12- 3.25 in dia

hub thickness

g1 = 50 mm

hub thickness

g0 = 48 mm

hub length

h = 67.5 mm

length

e = 370 mm

gasket factor

m =2

seating stress

y = 17.23689 MPa

Flexitallic Solid
Metal Core Flexpro
gasket description
Facing; 304 S.S. :
Metal; Monel

38/55

Note: this flange is calculated as an integral type.


Determination of Flange MDMT
UCS-66(b)(1)(b) has been applied.
Flange is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C
UCS-66(i) reduction of 8.5 C applied (ratio = 0.8489).
Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (e) = -40 C
The rated flange MDMT is -40 C

Flange calculations for Internal Pressure + Weight Only

39/55

Gasket details from facing sketch 1(a) or (b), Column II


Gasket width N = 7 mm
b0 = N/2 = 3.5 mm
Effective gasket seating width, b = b0 = 3.5 mm
G = (OD of contact face + gasket ID) / 2 = 887 mm
hG = (C - G)/2 = (980 - 887)/2 = 46.5 mm
hD = R + g1/2 = 2.5 + 47/2 = 26 mm
hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (2.5 + 47 + 46.5)/2 = 48 mm
Hp = 2*b*3.14*G*m*P
= 2*3.5*3.14*887*2*11.9
= 464,011.6 N
H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*8872*11.9
= 7,349,602.31 N
HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*8812*11.9
= 7,250,500.37 N
HT = H - HD
= 7,349,603 - 7,250,501
= 99,101.94 N
Wm1 = H + Hp
= 7,349,603 + 464,011.6
= 7,813,614.16 N
Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y
= 3.14*3.5*887*17.2369
= 168,027.7 N
Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 491.4222 cm2
Am1 = Wm1/Sb = 7,813,614/(100*159) = 491.4222 cm2
Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 168,027.7/(100*159) = 10.5678 cm2
Total area for 12- 3.25 in dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 579.6376 cm2
W = (Am + Ab)*Sa/2
= (49,142.22 + 57,963.75)*159/2
= 8,514,926.98 N
MD = HD*hD = 7,250,501*0.026 = 188,513.8 N-m
MT = HT*hT = 99,101.94*0.048 = 4,756.9 N-m
HG = Wm1 - H = 7,813,614 - 7,349,603 = 464,011.8 N

40/55

MG = HG*hG = 464,011.8*0.0465 = 21,576.6 N-m


Mo = MD + MT + MG = 188,513.8 + 4,756.9 + 21,576.6 = 214,847.3 N-m
Mg = W*hG = 8,514,927*0.0465 = 395,944.1 N-m
Hub and Flange Factors
h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (881*45)1/2 = 199.11 mm
From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 1,119/881 = 1.2701
T = 1.81

Z = 4.2612

h/h0 = 0.339

g1/g0 = 1.0444

F = 0.9038

V = 0.5217

Y = 8.2558

U=
9.0723

e = F/h0 = 0.1153

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (9.072305/0.5217)*19.9111*4.52
= 7,012.3359 cm3
Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1, Appendix 2-7
f=1
L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d
= (11.6*0.0454 + 1)/1.810018 + 11.63/7,012.3359
= 1.065981
SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*214,847.3/(1.065981*472*881)
= 103.563 MPa
SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*116*0.0045 + 1)*1e3*214,847.3/(1.065981*1162*881)
= 28.908 MPa
ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*8.2558*214,847.3/(1162*881) - 4.2612*28.908
= 26.442 MPa
Allowable stress Sfo = 128 MPa
Allowable stress Sno = 128 MPa
ST does not exceed Sfo
SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 192 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 66.235 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 65.002 MPa does not exceed Sfo
Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1, Appendix 2-7
SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*395,944.1/(1.065981*472*881)
= 190.857 MPa
SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*116*0.0045 + 1)*1e3*395,944.1/(1.065981*1162*881)

41/55

= 53.275 MPa
ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 8.2558*1e3*395,944.1/(1162*881) - 4.2612*53.275
= 48.729 MPa
Allowable stress Sfa = 128 MPa
Allowable stress Sna = 128 MPa
ST does not exceed Sfa
SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 192 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 122.066 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 119.793 MPa does not exceed Sfa
Flange rigidity per VIII-1, Appendix 2-14
J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.5217*395,944.1/(1.066*202,272.218*452*0.3*199.11)
= 0.4129076
The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Flange calculations for External Pressure + Weight Only per VIII-1, Appendix 2-11

42/55

Gasket details from facing sketch 1(a) or (b), Column II


Gasket width N = 7 mm
b0 = N/2 = 3.5 mm
Effective gasket seating width, b = b0 = 3.5 mm
G = (OD of contact face + gasket ID) / 2 = 887 mm
hG = (C - G)/2 = (980 - 887)/2 = 46.5 mm
hD = R + g1/2 = 2.5 + 47/2 = 26 mm
hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (2.5 + 47 + 46.5)/2 = 48 mm
Hp = 2*b*3.14*G*m*P
= 2*3.5*3.14*887*2*0.1034
= 4,032.66 N
H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*8872*0.1034
= 63,874.44 N
HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*8812*0.1034
= 63,013.16 N
HT = H - HD
= 63,874.44 - 63,013.16
= 861.28 N
Wm1 = H + Hp
= 63,874.44 + 4,032.66
= 67,907.11 N
Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y
= 3.14*3.5*887*17.2369
= 168,027.7 N
Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 10.56778 cm2
Am1 = 0.785*G2*(Pm - Pr)/Sb = 0/(100*159) = 0 cm2
Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 168,027.7/(100*159) = 10.5678 cm2
Total area for 12- 3.25 in dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 579.6376 cm2
W = (Am2 + Ab)*Sa/2
= (1,056.778 + 57,963.75)*159/2
= 4,692,133.19 N
Mo = HD*(hD - hG) + HT*(hT - hG)
= 63,013.16*(0.026 - 0.0465) + 861.28*(0.048 - 0.0465)
= 1,290.5 N-m
Mg = W*hG = 4,692,133*0.0465 = 218,184.2 N-m

43/55

Hub and Flange Factors


h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (881*45)1/2 = 199.11 mm
From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 1,119/881 = 1.2701
T = 1.81

Z = 4.2612

h/h0 = 0.339

g1/g0 = 1.0444

F = 0.9038

V = 0.5217

Y = 8.2558

U=
9.0723

e = F/h0 = 0.1153

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (9.072305/0.5217)*19.9111*4.52
= 7,012.3359 cm3
Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1, Appendix 2-7
f=1
L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d
= (11.6*0.0454 + 1)/1.810018 + 11.63/7,012.3359
= 1.065981
SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*1,290.5/(1.065981*472*881)
= 0.622 MPa
SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*116*0.0045 + 1)*1e3*1,290.5/(1.065981*1162*881)
= 0.174 MPa
ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*8.2558*1,290.5/(1162*881) - 4.2612*0.174
= 0.159 MPa
Allowable stress Sfo = 128 MPa
Allowable stress Sno = 128 MPa
ST does not exceed Sfo
SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 192 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 0.398 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 0.39 MPa does not exceed Sfo
Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1, Appendix 2-7
SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*218,184.2/(1.065981*472*881)
= 105.171 MPa
SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*116*0.0045 + 1)*1e3*218,184.2/(1.065981*1162*881)
= 29.357 MPa
ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 8.2558*1e3*218,184.2/(1162*881) - 4.2612*29.357
= 26.852 MPa

44/55

Allowable stress Sfa = 128 MPa


Allowable stress Sna = 128 MPa
ST does not exceed Sfa
SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 192 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 67.264 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 66.012 MPa does not exceed Sfa
Flange rigidity per VIII-1, Appendix 2-14
J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.5217*218,184.2/(1.066*202,272.218*452*0.3*199.11)
= 0.2275319
The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.
End Closure - Flange hub
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2007 Edition Metric
Component:
Flange hub
Material specification:
SA-516 65 (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 34)
Material is impact tested per UG-84 to -46 C
UCS-66(i) reduction of 2 C applied (ratio = 0.96513).
Internal design pressure: P = 11900 kPa @ 85C
External design pressure: Pe = 103.421 kPa @ 85C
Static liquid head:
Not Considered
Corrosion allowance:

Inner C = 3.00 mm

Design MDMT = -46.00C


Rated MDMT = -48.00C

Radiography:

Impact test performed


Material is normalized
Material is produced to Fine Grain Practice
PWHT is performed

Longitudinal joint Left circumferential joint Right circumferential joint -

Estimated weight: New = 69.7644 kg


Capacity:
New = 40.5894 liters
ID = 875.00 mm
Length Lc = 67.50 mm
t = 48.00 mm

Outer C = 0.00 mm

Seamless No RT
Full UW-11(a) Type 1
N/A

corr = 65.8529 kg
corr = 41.1479 liters

Design thickness, (at 85.00C) UG-27(c)(1)


t

=
=
=

P*R/(S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


11900.00*440.50/(128000*1.00 - 0.60*11900.00) + 3.00
46.3728 mm

45/55

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 85.00C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

=
=
=

S*E*t/(R + 0.60*t) - Ps
128000*1.00*45.0003 / (440.50 + 0.60*45.0003) - 0.0000
12320.9297 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

=
=
=

S*E*t/(R + 0.60*t)
128000*1.00*48.0000 / (437.50 + 0.60*48.0000)
13176.0664 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-28(c)


L/Do = 6395.0000/971.0001 = 6.5860
Do/t = 971.0001/6.954663 = 139.6185
From table G:

A = 0.000110

From table CS-2 Metric: B = 10.8297 MPa


Pa = 4*B/(3*(Do/t))
= 4*10.8297/(3*(971.0001/6.954663))
= 103.4216 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.4216 kPa
= t + Corrosion = 6.954663 + 3.00 = 9.95 mm
Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 85.00C) UG-28(c)
L/Do = 6395.0000/971.00 = 6.5860
Do/t = 971.00/45.0003 = 21.5777
From table G:

A = 0.002583

From table CS-2 Metric: B = 108.5882 MPa


Pa = 4*B/(3*(Do/t))
= 4*108.5882/(3*(971.00/45.0003))
= 6709.9165 kPa
% Extreme fiber elongation - UCS-79(d)
= (50 * t / Rf) * (1 - Rf / Ro)
= (50 * 48.00 / 461.5000) * (1 - 461.5000 / )
= 5.2004 %

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (485.5000 / 45.0003)

0.011586

120.0401 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

46/55

ScHC

128.0000 MPa

120.0401 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (485.5000 / 48.0000)

0.012358

120.1204 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1204 MPa

ScHN

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (485.5000 / 48.0000)

0.012358

120.1204 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.1204 MPa

ScCN

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (485.5000 / 45.0003)

0.011586

120.0401 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.0401 MPa

ScCC

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table CS-2 Metric)
A

0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.125 / (485.5000 / 45.0003)

0.011586

120.0401 MPa

128.0000 / 1.0000

128.0000 MPa

120.0401 MPa

ScVC

47/55

Saddle #1

Saddle material:
Saddle construction is:
Saddle allowable stress:
Saddle yield stress:
Saddle distance to datum:
Tangent to tangent length:
Saddle separation:
Vessel radius:
Tangent distance left:
Tangent distance right:
Saddle height:
Saddle contact angle:
Wear plate thickness:
Wear plate width:
Wear plate contact angle:
Web plate thickness:
Base plate length:
Base plate width:
Base plate thickness:
Number of stiffener ribs:
Largest stiffener rib spacing:
Stiffener rib thickness:
Saddle width:
Anchor bolt size & type:
Anchor bolt material:
Anchor bolt allowable shear:
Anchor bolt corrosion allowance:
Anchor bolts per saddle:
Base coefficient of friction:

Ss =
Sy =

A-516 Gr.
60
Centered
web
MPa
MPa
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

mm
mm

mm
mm
mm
mm

137.895
262.001
3,382.5
L=
11,405
Ls = 7,000
R = 462
Al = 1,022.5
Ar = 3,382.5
Hs = 850
=
120
tp =
10
Wp = 279.4
w = 132
ts =
10
E=
850
F=
200
tb =
11
n=
3
di = 407.3
mm
tw = 10
mm
B=
200
mm
20 mm

103.421 MPa
0
mm
2
0.45

Weight on left saddle: operating corr =3,859.16 kg, test new =6,077.23 kg
Weight on right saddle: operating corr =10,533.32 kg, test new =15,650.3 kg
Weight of saddle pair
=189.6 kg

48/55

Notes:
(1) Saddle calculations are based on the method presented in "Stresses in Large Cylindrical Pressure Vessels on
Two Saddle Supports" by L.P. Zick.

Load

Vessel
condition

Bending + pressure
between saddles
(MPa)
S1
(+)

allow
(+)

S1

Bending + pressure at
the saddle
(MPa)

allow

(-)

S2

(-)

allow

(+)

(+)

S2

allow

(-)

(-)

Weight

Operating

55.002

128

2.375

54.951

128

2.347

Weight

Test

67.421

216.9

3.54

67.205

216.9

3.354

Weight

Vacuum

2.375

128

2.832

2.347

128

2.804

Load

Vessel
condition

Tangential
shear (MPa)

S3

allow

Stress
over
saddle
(MPa)

Circumferential
stress (MPa)
S4
(horns)

allow
(+/-)

S5

allow

Splitting
(MPa)

S6

allow

Weight

Operating

3.243

102.4

-4.97

192

5.102

111.5

4.757

91.93

Weight

Test

4.493

173.52

-6.601

216.9

7.026

216.9

7.068

235.801

Weight

Vacuum

3.243

102.4

-4.97

192

5.102

111.5

4.757

91.93

Load Case 1: Weight ,Operating


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight ,Operating, left saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = +- 3*K1*Q*(L/12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.6254*37,845.47*(11,405/12) / (*438.672*47)
= 2.375 MPa
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 11.92*415.17/(2*47)
= 52.627 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 55.002 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 2.375 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S*E = 128 MPa) (128 MPa)
** WARNING Compressive stress between saddles is excessive (> 0 ###,###,###,##0.###)**
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight ,Operating)
Le = 2*(Left head depth)/3 + L + 2*(Right head depth)/3
= 2*164/3 + 11,405 + 2*249.14/3
= 11,680.43 mm
w = Wt/Le = 141,142.09*10/11,680.43 = 120.84 N/cm

49/55

Bending moment at the left saddle:


Mq = w*(2*H*Al/3 + Al2/2 - (R2 - H2)/4)
= 120.84/10000*(2*164*1,022.5/3 + 1,022.52/2 - (4622 - 1642)/4)
= 7,104.1 N-m
S2 = +- Mq*K1'/ (*R2*t)
= 7,104.1*1e3*9.3799/ (*438.52*47)
= 2.347 MPa
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 11.92*415/(2*47)
= 52.604 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 54.951 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 2.347 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 128 MPa)
** WARNING Compressive stress at the saddle is excessive (> 0 #)**
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight ,Operating)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H/3)
= 103,296.62 - 12.08*(3,382.5 + 2*249.14/3)
= 60,416.67 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear/(R*t)
= 1.1707*60,416.67/(464*47)
= 3.243 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 102.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Weight ,Operating)
S4 = -Q/(4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 3*K3*Q/(2*t2)
= -103,296.62/(4*47*(200+1.56*Sqr(487.5*47))) - 3*0.0529*103,296.62/(2*472)
= -4.97 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 192 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {B +
1.56*(Rotc)0.5} =436.14 mm
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight ,Operating)
S5 = K5*Q/((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*103,296.62/((47 + 10)*(10 + 1.56*Sqr(487.5*57)))
= 5.102 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111.5 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Weight ,Operating)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp

50/55

= 16.25*1 + 1*27.94
= 44.19 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*103,296.62 / 4,418.9997
= 4.757 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2/3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)

Load Case 2: Weight ,Test


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight ,Test, left saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = +- 3*K1*Q*(L/12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.6254*59,597.28*(11,405/12) / (*437.172*50)
= 3.54 MPa
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 15.5*412.17/(2*50)
= 63.881 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 67.421 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 3.54 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa) (216.9 MPa)
** WARNING Compressive stress between saddles is excessive (> 0 ###,###,###,##0.###)**
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight ,Test)
Le = 2*(Left head depth)/3 + L + 2*(Right head depth)/3
= 2*164/3 + 11,405 + 2*249.14/3
= 11,680.43 mm
w = Wt/Le = 213,074.29*10/11,680.43 = 182.42 N/cm
Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al/3 + Al2/2 - (R2 - H2)/4)
= 182.42/10000*(2*164*1,022.5/3 + 1,022.52/2 - (4622 - 1642)/4)
= 10,724.7 N-m
S2 = +- Mq*K1'/ (*R2*t)
= 10,724.7*1e3*9.3799/ (*4372*50)
= 3.354 MPa
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 15.5*412/(2*50)
= 63.852 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 67.205 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 3.354 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa)
** WARNING Compressive stress at the saddle is excessive (> 0 #)**

51/55

Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight ,Test)


Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H/3)
= 153,477.01 - 18.24*(3,382.5 + 2*249.14/3)
= 88,743.56 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear/(R*t)
= 1.1707*88,743.56/(462.5*50)
= 4.493 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*(0.9*Sy) = 173.52 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Weight ,Test)
S4 = -Q/(4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 3*K3*Q/(2*t2)
= -153,477.01/(4*50*(200+1.56*Sqr(487.5*50))) - 3*0.0529*153,477.01/(2*502)
= -6.601 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {B +
1.56*(Rotc)0.5} =443.55 mm
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight ,Test)
S5 = K5*Q/((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*153,477.01/((50 + 10)*(10 + 1.56*Sqr(487.5*60)))
= 7.026 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Weight ,Test)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 16.25*1 + 1*27.94
= 44.19 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*153,477.01 / 4,418.9997
= 7.068 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 235.801 MPa)

Load Case 3: Weight ,Vacuum


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight ,Vacuum, left saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = +- 3*K1*Q*(L/12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.6254*37,845.47*(11,405/12) / (*438.672*47)
= 2.375 MPa
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 0.1*415.17/(2*47)
= 0.457 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S1t = S1 = 2.375 MPa

52/55

Maximum compressive stress S1c = S1 + Sp = 2.832 MPa


Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S*E = 128 MPa) (128 MPa)
** WARNING Compressive stress between saddles is excessive (> 0 ###,###,###,##0.###)**
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight ,Vacuum)
Le = 2*(Left head depth)/3 + L + 2*(Right head depth)/3
= 2*164/3 + 11,405 + 2*249.14/3
= 11,680.43 mm
w = Wt/Le = 141,142.09*10/11,680.43 = 120.84 N/cm
Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al/3 + Al2/2 - (R2 - H2)/4)
= 120.84/10000*(2*164*1,022.5/3 + 1,022.52/2 - (4622 - 1642)/4)
= 7,104.1 N-m
S2 = +- Mq*K1'/ (*R2*t)
= 7,104.1*1e3*9.3799/ (*438.52*47)
= 2.347 MPa
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 0.1*415/(2*47)
= 0.457 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S2t = S2 = 2.347 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S2c = S2 + Sp = 2.804 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 128 MPa)
** WARNING Compressive stress at the saddle is excessive (> 0 #)**
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight ,Vacuum)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H/3)
= 103,296.62 - 12.08*(3,382.5 + 2*249.14/3)
= 60,416.67 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear/(R*t)
= 1.1707*60,416.67/(464*47)
= 3.243 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 102.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Weight ,Vacuum)
S4 = -Q/(4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 3*K3*Q/(2*t2)
= -103,296.62/(4*47*(200+1.56*Sqr(487.5*47))) - 3*0.0529*103,296.62/(2*472)
= -4.97 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 192 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {B +
1.56*(Rotc)0.5} =436.14 mm

53/55

Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight ,Vacuum)


S5 = K5*Q/((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*103,296.62/((47 + 10)*(10 + 1.56*Sqr(487.5*57)))
= 5.102 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111.5 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Weight ,Vacuum)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 16.25*1 + 1*27.94
= 44.19 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*103,296.62 / 4,418.9997
= 4.757 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2/3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)
Shear stress in anchor bolting, one end slotted
Maximum seismic or wind base shear = 0 N
Thermal expansion base shear = W* = 104,226.29 * 0.45= 46,901.83 N
Corroded root area for a 20 mm bolt = 2.3484 cm2 ( 2 per saddle )
Bolt shear stress = 46,901.83/(234.8382*2) = 99.86 MPa
Anchor bolt stress is acceptable (<= 103.421 MPa)
Web plate buckling check (Escoe pg 251)
Allowable compressive stress Sc is the lesser of 137.895 or 139.436 MPa: (137.895)
Sc = Ki*2*E/(12*(1 - 0.32)*(di/tw)2)
= 1.28*2*19.99E+04/(12*(1 - 0.32)*(407.3/10)2)
= 139.436 MPa
Allowable compressive load on the saddle
be = di*ts/(di*ts + 2*tw*(b - 1))
= 16.0354*0.3937/(16.0354*0.3937 + 2*0.3937*(7.874 - 1))
= 0.5384
Fb = n*(As + 2*be*tw)*Sc
= 3*(1,900 + 2*13.68*10)*137.895
= 899,148.48 N
Saddle loading of 154,406.69 N is <= Fb; satisfactory.
Primary bending + axial stress in the saddle due to end loads (assumes one saddle slotted)
b = V * (Hs - xo)* y / I + Q / A
= 0 * (850 - 382.07)* 100 / (1e4*2,002.5) + 103,296.62 / 13,702.07

54/55

= 7.539 MPa
The primary bending + axial stress in the saddle <= 137.895 MPa; satisfactory.
Secondary bending + axial stress in the saddle due to end loads (includes thermal expansion, assumes one
saddle slotted)
b = V * (Hs - xo)* y / I + Q / A
= 46,901.83 * (850 - 382.07)* 100 / (1e4*2,002.5) + 103,296.62 / 13,702.07
= 117.135 MPa
The secondary bending + axial stress in the saddle < 2*Sy= 524.002 MPa; satisfactory.
Saddle base plate thickness check (Roark sixth edition, Table 26, case 7a)
where a = 407.3, b = 95 mm
tb = (1*q*b2/(1.5*Sa))0.5
= (3*0.908*952/(1.5*137.895))0.5
= 10.9 mm
The base plate thickness of 11 mm is adequate.
Foundation bearing check
Sf = Qmax / (F*E)
= 154,406.69 / (200*850)
= 0.908 MPa
Concrete bearing stress < 11.432 MPa ; satisfactory.

55/55