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BangladeshSolarEnergyDevelopmentForum 20th September2011 Dhaka,Bangladesh

Solar Energy Development Sri Lanka Experience

Upali Daranagama Additional Secretary(Planning and Development) Ministry of Power & Energy

Solar AnEmergingNewRenewable Solar anEmergingNewRenewable


Content
EnergySectorOverview EnergyPolicy OurChallenges WayForwardandourassets SolarPotential Gridtiedprojects

EnergySectorataGlance
InstalledCapacity 3,096MW Total 3,096MW Hydro 1,180MW Thermal 1,682MW NCRE 224MW PeakDemand 1,960MW ElectricityGeneration Hydro 39% Thermal 55% NCRE 6% ElectrificationLevelofHHs Total 91% NationalGrid 89% OffGrid 2% SystemLosses 13.5%

CountryData Population PopulationGrowth Area No.ofHHs PerCapitaGDP

20.45Million 1.1% 65,610km2 4.7Million 2629US$

EnergyPolicy
Achievecompleteelectrificationthroughgridandoffgrid schemesby2012 Toreacha10%ofelectricityfromrenewableenergyresources by2015 Exploitthefulleconomicpotentialofenergyefficiency improvement Toenhancetheinvestmentclimateinallindigenousenergy resources Adoptanintegratedplanningapproachencompassingall abovetowardsasustainableenergyfuture

RenewableEnergyDevelopment
TheSmallPowerDevelopmentProgramofSriLanka:The SuccessStory
Offgridcomponent
300villagecommunitynetworks,basedonsmallhydro(typicalcapacity range10100kW,covers5000householdsintotal) 129,000solarhomesystemsinoperation Nowservesabout2%ofhouseholdsinthecountry

Ongridcomponent
Over90smallpowerplantsinoperation(smallhydro,wind) Manymoreunderconstruction,approvalspending Largeenthusiasmamongdevelopers,investors
5

TheOngridRenewable
SPP(StandardizedPowerPurchase) routeforSmallPowerProjects:The successstory
Operationalsince1996,hadamajorpolicy reviewin2007 Openfordevelopersofcapacityupto10 MW Overninetyprojectsnowinoperation, dozensmoreinvariousstagesof development Provided6.6%ofgridgenerationinyear 2010(target:10%by2015)
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TheStandardizedPowerPurchase (SPP)Tariff
Basics
Nonnegotiable,paidinLKR Paidonthebasisofenergydelivered(notbasedoncapacity)

Agreements
Oncesigned,nochangeintariffsfor20years(exceptthesmaller O&Mescalationelement) Costbased,technologyspecific TieredorFlat(levelised);optiontodeveloperatthetimeofsigning theAgreement Providescomforttolendersandreturnonequitytodeveloperfrom day1ofoperation.

NCRETariff

NCRETariff

Ourprogress
NewRenewableEnergyProjectsonthegrid Hydro 185MW Biomass 11MW Wind 30MW Solar 1.237MW

Ourprogress

SolarPotentialinSriLanka
Applications
Offgridelectricity SolarHomeSystems GridElectricity NetMetering SolarEnergyParks Solarhybridsystems RemoteIslandElectrification

OffgridPotential

129,600solarhomesystemslighting upruralhomes Morethan300operationalvillage hydrositesservingmorethan7000 familiesbyend2010 Offgridelectrificationseemstobea matterofdeclininginterest

Electricitytoallby2012
98%< 95 98% 90 95% 85 90% 80 85% 70 80% 60 70% 50 60% 40 50% 40%>

OffgridPotential
ProposedProgramme

OffgridPotential
ProposedProgramme

NetMetering

Facilitateimportandexportofelectricitythrough bidirectionalmetering Customerscanbanktheexcesselectricitygeneratedand tradethesameagainstfutureconsumption(periodof banking10years) Allconsumercategoriesareeligible(Industrial, Residential,Generalpurpose,Religious)

GridPotential

Solarradiationovertheislanddoesnotshowamarkedseasonalvariation, thoughsignificantspatialdifferentiationcouldbeobservedbetweenthe lowlandsandmountainregions. AsestimatedinthesolarresourcemapdevelopedbytheNational RenewableEnergyLaboratory(NREL)oftheUSA,overmostpartsofthe flatdryzone,whichaccountsfortwothirdsofthelandarea,solar radiationvariesfrom4.5 6.0kWh/m2/day.

Thus,asubstantialpotentialexistsinthedryzoneofSriLankafor harnessingsolarenergy

Hambantota apotentialsolarsite

GridTiedProjects
Twoprojects(500kWand737kW)inthe samelocation FundedbyJapaneseandKorean Governments FirsthandexperienceforlocalEngineers FirstphasecompletedearlyMay2011 500kWcapacityyieldingmorethan 2,500kWhperday

SolarPark Hambantota

SolarPark Hambantota

SolarPark Hambantota