Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 13

1

Roles of Active Directory

Operation Master

Domain Naming Master


Forest Wide Roles
Schema Master

RID Master

PDC Emulator Domain Wide Roles

Infrastructure Master

Global Catalog

2
Domain Naming Master

Checks and Maintains the Uniqueness of the Domain


Names in the Whole Forest.

It is Responsible for Adding, Removing and Renaming


the domain names in the whole Forest.

Domain
Domain Naming
Naming
Master
Master

New Domain

3
Schema Master

Schema is a Set of Rules which is used to define the


Structure of AD

Schema contains Definitions of all the Objects which are


stored in AD.

Classes

Class is a Template which is used to Create an Object

Attributes

Attributes are Properties of an Object

4
Schema

Properties
Classes Attributes
User Name
Phone No
Objects Mobile No
Address
Description

User Computer Printer Share Folder

U1 U2 U3

5
RID Master

Allocates pool of Relative IDs (RIDs) to all Domain


controllers

It assigns ID s to the Objects which are created in the


Domain

RID
RID
Master
Master

Pool
Pool of
of RIDs
RIDs
RID
RID allocation
allocation

SID = Domain ID + RID

6
PDC Emulator

Acts as a PDC for Windows NT 4.0 BDC s in the domain

Processes all password updates for clients not running


Active Directory client software

Receives immediate updates from other domain


controllers when a user s password is changed

It Synchronizes time between the Domain controllers.

7
U1-u1 U1-u1

U2-u2 U2-u2
DC ADC
Want to Change
the Password:
U1 to XYz U1 U2 U3

Zoom.com

8
U1-xyz U1-u1

U2-u2 U2-u2
DC ADC

U1 U2 U3

Zoom.com

9
Infrastructure Master

Infrastructure Master Maintains and Updates the


Universal Group Membership information

It is Used for Inter-Domain Operations

10
Global Catalog

The global catalog contains Complete information


of Host Domain & partial information of other domains
in a forest.

By searching against the GC, individual domains do not


have to be queried in most cases- GC can resolve

Servers that hold a copy of the global catalog are called


global catalog servers.

11
Global Catalog Server

Holds
Holds full
full copy
copy of
of the
the schema
schema
Schema partition
partition for
for forest
forest

Holds
Holds full
full copy
copy of
of configuration
configuration
Configuration partition
partition for
for forest
forest

Holds
Holds full
full copy
copy of
of domain
domain partition
partition
Mcse.com for
for own
own domain
domain

Holds
Holds read
read only
only copy
copy of
of all
all other
other
Ccna.com domain
domain directory
directory partitions-
partitions- all
all
objects,
objects, but
but only
only attributes
attributes marked
marked
for
for GC
GC inclusion
inclusion
Solaris.com
Contains
Contains application
application data
data if
if
configured
configured
Application ForestDNSZone,
ForestDNSZone, DomainDNSZone,
DomainDNSZone,
user-defined
user-defined application
application partition(s)
partition(s)

12
Global Catalog Server

Include
Include in
in GC
GC

Telephone
Telephone
Object Email
Email
Object
Name
Name
Attributes

Domain
Global Catalog

Queries Domain Domain

Global Catalog Server


Universal Group
membership
when user logs on

13