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APPROVAL SHEET In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF ARTS IN NURSING major in MEDICAL-SURGICAL NURSING, this THESIS entitled LIFESTYLE AND THE EXTENT OF RISK ON DEVELOPING TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS, prepared and submitted by MR. ROCKY M. CAMALIGAN, has been examined and is hereby recommended for acceptance and approval for oral examination. MARK VINCENT P. SARIGUMBA Editor ARLENE P.PALGAN MA, MAN Adviser

Approved by the Examining Tribunal at the oral examination conducted on ____________________, with a grade of __________.

THE EXAMINING TRIBUNAL

GODOFREDA O. TIROL, Ph.D. Chairman

GLORY G. ROSLINDA, MAN Member

SHARON S.LUPIO, MAN Member

ISABELITA G. MARGATE, MAN Member

Accepted and approved as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF ARTS IN NURSING major in MEDICALSURGICAL NURSING. Comprehensive Examination PASSED, October 2010.

GODOFREDA O. TIROL, Ph. D. Director, Professional Studies

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The researcher would like to acknowledge the support, encouragement, assistance and advices by the following individuals and institutions namely: University of Bohol, for permitting the researcher to gain access on the list of UB employees and allowing the conduct of the research on the institution. University of Bohol Employees, for patiently supporting and cooperating in the research process. Maam Arlene, for sharing her incomparable expertise and unconditional support and commitment that enhanced the output of this research. The Panelists in both Pre-Oral and Oral Defense Hearings, Maam Boi, Maam Sharon, Maam Glory and Doc Freda, for sharing you magnificent and wonderful inputs to make my study more meaningful and more sensible one. The Powerful Staff of Powerhouse Training and Review Center, special mention to the NLE Department Staff, for your torrent support and dedication to the researcher. Mark, Carlo and Emer, for allocating your time in helping the researcher on the collection and retrieval of data. All the Powerhouse Reviewees and Students, for ad infinitum rousing me on my work and craft. My Mama Lanie and Daddy Ronald, for making me a better person and for the source of courage, strength and hope. Lastly, to the Father Almighty for giving me incalculable blessings to my family and most of all for giving us a astonishing life To All of You, Thank You!!! Rocky Migrio Camaligan

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ABSTRACT

Title

: Lifestyle and Extent of Risk on Developing Diabetes Mellitus type II

Author

: Rocky Migrio Camaligan

Degree

: Master of Arts in Nursing major in Medical-Surgical Nursing

School

: University of Bohol

Adviser

: Arlene Painagn-Palgan, RN, MA, MAN

Date

: October 12, 2010

CONTENT ANALYSIS

Objective and Scope The study primarily aimed in determining the relationship between lifestyle and extent of risk on the development of diabetes mellitus type II of UB employees from May to September, 2010. It made used of the descriptive correlational approach employing a self-constructed questionnaire to assess lifestyle based on the Filipino Nutrition and Activity Pyramid and blood glucose sampling using the standardized tool, the glucometer. The statistical used were Simple Percentage, Analysis of Variance, Weighted Mean, T-Test and Pearson-R Correlation Coefficient.

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Findings The over-all findings revealed that majority of the respondents were female, middle-aged, and teachers. They have registered a moderately unhealthy lifestyle attributed to high sugar, high fat diet and lack of leisure and recreational activity and more bounded on sedentary activities. On the extent of risk, they are moderately at risk on the development of diabetes mellitus type II based on the casual blood sugar obtained and suggestive signs and symptoms. A significant positive relationship was also noted between the lifestyle and extent of risk on developing type II diabetes mellitus.

Conclusion The significant relationship between lifestyle and extent of risk on the development of type II diabetes mellitus that lifestyle is a great determinant on the development of diabetes mellitus type II.

Recommendation Based on the findings and conclusion, it is recommended that health promotion lifestyle modification awareness campaign program would be implemented as a form of prevention for diabetes mellitus type II.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Approval Sheet Acknowledgement Abstract Table of Contents List of Tables and Figures

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CHAPTER I The Problem and Its Scope

Introduction Rationale of the Study Theoretical Framework The Problem Statement of the Problem Null Hypothesis. Significance of the Study. Research Methodology Research Design... Research Environment/Participants.. Research Instruments Research Procedure Statistical Treatment. Definition of Terms 17 17 18 19 20 22 14 15 15 1 4

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CHAPTER II Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data

Profile of Respondents in terms of Age, Sex and Working Category. Lifestyle Status in terms of Dietary Practice, Physical Activity and Personal Habits.. Extent of Risk on Developing Diabetes Type II in terms of CBS and Suggestive Signs and Symptoms.......... 30 27 24

Difference of Lifestyle in terms of Age, Sex and Working Category... 34

Relationship of Lifestyle Status and Extent Of Risk on the Development of Diabetes Mellitus Type II 37

CHAPTER III Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations

Summary of Findings.... Conclusion... Recommendations....

40 42 42

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Proposed Diabetes Mellitus Type II Prevention Lifestyle Modification Awareness Campaign Plan Proposed Diabetes Mellitus Type II Health Monitoring Plan. 48 45

Bibliography. Appendices Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix A: B: C: D: E: F: G: Transmittal Letter.. Research Instrument.. Food Pyramid.. Activity Pyramid.. Instruments Score Equivalent Timetable of Activities Research Budget ..

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54 56 65 66 72 73 74 75

Researchers Biodata

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List of Tables and Figures Tables I II III IV Number of UB Employees Lifestyle Status of Respondents Extent of Risk of UB Employees Lifestyle in terms of Age, Sex, and Working Category V Relationship of Lifestyle and Extent of Risk on the Development of Diabetes Mellitus type II Figures I II III IV V VI Research Flow Conceptual Framework Age Profile Sex Profile Working Category Profile Extent of Risk on the Development of Diabetes Mellitus Type II VII VIII IX X Age and Lifestyle Status Sex and Lifestyle Status Working Category and Lifestyle Status Relationship of Lifestyle and Extent of Risk on the Development of Diabetes Mellitus type II 39 30 35 35 36 12 13 25 25 26 39 36 18 27 31