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Subject : Analysis and Design of Pump House and Ground Water Sump,

for Dust Supression System at Saoner B.G. Railway Siding of Western

Coalfields Limited.
Client Western Coalfields Limited., Nagpur.
Contractor M/s. Gulati Construction Co., Nagpur.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF COLUMN,
COLUMN FOOTING AND PLINTH BEAMS
Design Data :
Internal room size of Pump House 36.00 Sqm.
Opening for Ventilation Not less than 20%
Rolling Shutter 2.00 m x 2.10 m
Flooring 50 mm thick IPS Flooring.
S.B.C. of Soil :
100 KN/Sqm (10 T/Sqm) at 2.00 M depth.
Permissible Stresses in concrete & steel :
Design of all structural members is carried out limiting to permissible stresses
that of M-20 Grade of Concrete.
Grade of Concrete = R.C.C. M-20 (Design Mix Concrete).
Direct stress in compression 5 Mpa.
Bending stress in compression 7 Mpa.
Shear Stress As permitted in I.S. 456 2000 (Table -19 )

= Tor Steel Fe-415

Mild Steel Fe-250

Permissible tensile stress in bending

In axial compression = 190 Mpa.
Tensile stress in bending = 230 Mpa.

Contd.2.

-2DESIGN CONSTANTS :
Modular ratio m = 280/3
Co-efficient of Neutral axis.
N1 = (mx cbc )/ st +m cbc

= 280/3x7 = 13.33 Say 13

cbc

= (13x7)/{230+(13x7)} = 0.28

Lever arm, j = (1-n1/3) = (1-0.28/3) = 0.91

Co-efficient of Moment of Resistance,
q = x cbc x n1 x j = x7x0.28x0.91 = 0.89
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF COLUMNS :
COLUMN C-1 - ( 230 x 350 )
Load Calculation on Column C-1 :
Thickness of Roof Slab = 125 mm
Weight of finishes/tiles.

=
3.125 Kn/Sqm.
=
1.50 KN/Sqm.
=
1.00 KN/Sqm.
------------------------------Total Load 5.625 KN/Sqm.

Influence Area of Critically loaded Column. (3.715x2.615 = 9.7147 Sqm.)

Effective Wall Length = 3.715+2.615 = 6.33 M
Therefore,
Load Transferred from Roof Slab = 5.625 x 9.147 = 51.45 KN
Load Transferred from Wall = 6.33x0.25x4.70x20 = 148.75 KN
-------------------------Total = 200.20 KN.
Add 10 % Weight of footing
=
20.02 KN
-----------------------------------TOTAL = 220.22 KN
Design of Column for 200.20 KN.
Proposing R.C.C. Column of 230 x 350 with 6 -12 tor main reinforcement and 8
mm dia. Rings.

P
Therefore,

= (

cc

x A c) + (

sc

x Asc)

cc = 5.00 Mpa for M-20 Grade Concrete.

sc = 190.00 Mpa
Asc = 6x113 = 678 Sqmm.
Ac = 230x350 678 = 79822 Sqmm.
P

=
(79822x5.00) + (678x190)
= 527.93 KN > 200.20 KN O.K.
Design of lateral ties (Ring) Provide 8-Tor four legged lateral ties.
Spacing It should be min. of following three.
16 times dia. of main bar = 16x12 = 192 mm
Least lateral dimension
=
230 mm.
48 x dia of lateral ties
=48x8 = 384 mm.
Therefore, Provide 8-Tor four legged lateral ties @ 190 c/c throughout, as shown
in figure.
Design of Column Footing, for 220.20 KN
Axial load on column
Add 10 % for weight of footing

=
=

200.20 Kn.
20.02 KN
-------------------------Total =
220.22 KN
Area of footing required (Assuming S.B.C. of soil as 100 Kn/Sqm.)
A

=
=

220.22/100
2.20 Sqm.

Proposing rectangular footing having equal projections beyond column face.

Length of footing

=
=

0.350 + 2a
0.230 + 2a

Therefore, (0.350 + 2a) x (0.230 + 2a) =

2.20 Sqm.
Solving for a = 0.6355 m , L = 1.8 M and B = 1.50 M
Therefore, Provide footing of size 1800 x 1500 giving A = 2.70 Sqm > 2.20 Sqm
O.K.

-4Upward soil pressure = 200.02/2.70 = 74.08 KN/Sqm.

Maximum B.M. = 74.08 x 0.635x0.635/2 = 14.94 KN-M per Mtr.
Effective depth required, d = (14.94 x 10^6/0.90x1000)^0.5
=
128.82 mm
Depth required from two-way shear action is more than that required from
B.M. consideration. Therefore proposing the overall depth of 450 mm.
Effective depth 450 50 = 400 mm.
Check for two-way shear action.
The permissible shear stress (Limit state method) = 0.5 x fck
fck for M-20 Grade Concrete = 20 N/sqmm.
Therefore c = 0.2520 = 1.1 N/sqmm.
Shear Stress at section d from the face of column
2 {(230+400) +(400+350)} x 400 x c actual = 1.50x220x1000 N
on solving c actual = 0.29 N/Sqmm < 1.10 N/Sqmm O.K.
Therefore, Provide footing of size 1800 x 1500. Depth at edge of footing
150 mm and face of the column 300 mm as shown in figure.
Reinforcement = (14.94 x 10^6/230x0.9x400) = 180.43 Sqm,
Provide 10 TOR @ 175 c/c both ways.
The R.C.C. footing shall be casted over P.C.C. 1:3:6 (M-10) 100 mm
thick.
Note Same footing have been provided for other columns.
Analysis & Design of Plinth Beam
Plinth Beam marked PB-2 = Span 5.23 M
Load = 0.25x20x3.10 = 15.50 KN/m say 20 KN/m.
Maximum B.M. (assuming partial fixity at support) = wl2/10
= + 20 x (5.23)2/10 = 54.70 KN-M
Provide beam of overall size 230x450 mm.
Effective depth considering 40 mm effective cover = 410 mm.
Therefore, Area of steel required = 54.70 x 10^6/230x0.9x410

644.52 mm2
-5Provide 2-12 tor (str.) + 2-16 tor (ckd) = 2 x(113+ 201) = 628 mm2 > 644.52 mm2
and stirrups 8 mm dia @ 200 C/C.
=

Check for shear :

Maximum shear force = 0.60 WL = 0.60 x 20 x 5.367 = 64.40 KN.
Nominal Shear Stress,

Therefore,

Balance Shear force = (0.68 0.36) x 230 x 410 = 30.176 KN.

Shear taken by bent up bar = (

sv

x A sv x sin )

= 230 x 402 x Sin 45

= 65.37 KN
but it is assumed that only 50 % of the balance shear is taken by bent up bars
( Ref. IS-456 2000), Therefore 50 % of balance shear is taken up by stirrups.
Therefore required spacing of 8 mm dia reinforcement :
Sv = (

sv

x A sv x d)/Vs

= (230 x 50.28x2 x 410)/0.50x65370

= 290.12 c/c, whereas provided spacing is 200 c/c
Similarly other Plinth Beams have been designed.
Analysis & Design of Roof Slab (125 MM) M-20:
Assuming 125 mm thick slab, D.L. = 3.125 KN/Sqm.
Live Load = 1.50 KN/Sqm., Finish = 1.00 KN/Sqm.
Hence, Total load on Roof Slab = 5.625 KN/Sqm.
Internal Panel Size =
3.715 M x 5.23 M
Ly/Lx =
5.23/3.715 = 1.40
Assuming the Simply Supported Slab, Spanning in two directions at right angles
to each other.

-6The B.M. Coefficients as per TABLE No. 27 of I.S.-456 : 2000 (P-91)

= 0.099, y = 0.051

Mx

My

y x w x L2

x w x L2

L = Span = 3.715
W = 5.625 KN/Sqm.
Therefore Max. B.M.
Mx

=
=

7.68 KN-M

My

=
=

3.96 KN-M

Effective depth required, d = (7.68 x 10^6/0.65x1000)^0.5

= 108.69 mm
Depth required from stiffness criteria = span/35 = 3715/35 = 106.14 mm.
Whereas overall provided depth is 125 mm O.K.
Calculation of Steel,
Astxx = (7.68 x 10^6/230x0.9x 105) = 353.35 Sqm
Provide 10 TOR @ 175 c/c, Alternate bars are cranked near support, extra top
10 Tor @ 350 c/c.
Astxx = (3.96 x 10^6/230x0.9x 105) = 182.19 Sqm
Provide 8 TOR @ 200 c/c, Alternate bars are cranked near support, extra top 8
Tor @ 400 c/c.
2)

Data : Capacity = 50,000 Ltrs.

Internal Diameter = 4600 mm
Height of tank = 3.05 M + 0.3 meter free Board.

Capacity Calculation = 0.7854x4.60x4.60x3.05 = 50.688 Cum > 50 Cum. O.K.

-7The total height of tank = 3.35 M (1.00 M above G.L., and 2.35 M below G.L.)
Assume Wall thickness = 150 mm.
The ratio H2/Dt = (3.05x3.05)/(4.60x0.15) = 13.50
The Coefficients of Hoop Tension, B.M. and S.F are calculated from Table-9,10
& 11 of I.S. 3370 (part-IV)
Sr.no.

Hoop Tension

Max. B.M.

Max. S.F.

Coeiff.

0.65742

0.00936

0.13760

Value

Tank Empty
0.729 KN-M

4.56 KN

46.11 KN-M

2.6568 Kn

12.80 KN

Ast.

307.40 mm2

145.77 mm2

------ mm2

Astmin

450.00 mm2

450.00 mm2

------ mm2

21.32000 KN
Tank Full

Ast
provided

10 Tor @ 200 c/c

horizontal bars,
staggered on each
face.
Design of Raft :

8 Tor @ 200 c/c

horizontal bars,
staggered on each
face.

The raft is resting on firm ground. Provide 250 mm thick raft.

Critical Condition Tank is Empty & raft is subjected to upward soil pressure.
The Max. B.M. = 0.032 x (50-5.125) x 4.6 x 4.6 = 30.47 KN-M
Depth required = (30.47 x 10^6/0.65x1000)^0.5
= 216.51
Therefore, Provide overall depth of 250 mm.
Ast = (30.47 x 10^6/230x0.9x 215) = 684.64 Sqm
Provide 10 TOR @ 200 c/c in both directions and staggered on each face.
DESIGN OF TOP SLAB :
Total Load on Slab = 3.125+1.50+1.00 = 5.625 KN/Sqm.
The Max. B.M. = 0.062 x (5.625) x 4.6 x 4.6 = 7.3625 KN-M
Depth required = (7.3625 x 10^6/0.65x1000)^0.5
= 106.42
Therefore, Provide overall depth of 125 mm.
Ast = (7.3625 x 10^6/230x0.9x 105) = 338.74 Sqm

Provide 8 TOR @ 200 c/c in both directions and staggered on each face.

Analysis & Design of Roof Slab (100 MM) M-20:

Assuming 100 mm thick slab, D.L. = 2.50 KN/Sqm.
Live Load = 0.75 KN/Sqm., Finish = 0.25 KN/Sqm.
Hence, Total load on Roof Slab = 3.50 KN/Sqm.
Internal Panel Size =
3.27 M x 3.27 M
Ly/Lx =
3.27/3.27 = 1.00
Assuming the Simply Supported Slab, Spanning in two directions at right angles
to each other.
The B.M. Coefficients as per TABLE No. 27 of I.S.-456 : 2000 (P-91)

= 0.062, y = 0.062

Mx

My

y x w x L2

x w x L2

L = Span = 3.27 + Wall thickness (0.15) = 3.42 M

W = D.L. + L.L. + Finishes = 2.50 + 0.75 + 0.25 = 3.50 Kn/Sqm.
Therefore Max. B.M.
Mx

=
=

2.54 KN-M

My

=
=

2.54 KN-M

= 62.51 mm

Depth required from stiffness criteria = span/35 = 3420/35 = 97.71 mm.

Whereas overall provided depth is 100 mm O.K.
Calculation of Steel,
Ast = (2.54 x 10^6/150x0.9x 80) = 235.18 Sqm
Provide 8 TOR @ 200 c/c both ways, Alternate bars are cranked near support,
extra top 8 Tor @ 400 c/c.

Maximum B.M. (assuming partial fixity at support) = wl2/10

= + 17.88 x (4.23)2/10 = 31.99 KN-M
Therefore, Area of steel required = 31.99 x 10^6/230x0.9x315
=

448.00 mm2

Provide 2-12 tor + 2-12 tor = 4 x 113 = 452 mm2 > 448 mm2
And stirrups 6 mm dia @ 200 C/C.
Check for shear :
Maximum shear force = 0.60 WL = 0.60 x 17.88 x 4.23 = 45.37 KN.
Nominal Shear Stress,

Therefore,

Balance Shear force = (0.62 0.31) x 230 x 315 = 22.46 KN.

Shear taken by bent up bar = (

sv

x A sv x sin )

= 230 x 226 x Sin 45

= 36.755 KN

but it is assumed that only 50 % of the balance shear is taken by bent up bars
( Ref. IS-456 2000), Therefore 50 % of balance shear is taken up by stirrups.
Therefore required spacing of 6 mm dia reinforcement :
Sv = (

sv

x A sv x d)/Vs

= (140 x 28.50x2 x 315)/0.50x22460

= 223.83 c/c,
whereas provided spacing is 200 c/c O.K.
DESIGN OF R.C.C. COLUMNS & FOOTINGS :
Maximum load on central column
= Reaction transferred from roof beam + wall loads.
= 69.06 + (5.23+4.23)3.3x0.23x20 = 212.66 KN.
Proposing R.C.C. Column of 230 x 350 with 6-12 tor main reinforcement and 6
mm dia. Rings.
Load carrying capacity of column
P
Therefore,

= (

cc

x A c) + (

sc

x Asc)

cc = 4.00 Mpa for M-15 Grade Concrete.

sc = 190.00 Mpa
Asc = 6x113 = 678 Sqmm.
Ac = 230x350 452 = 79822 Sqmm.
P

=
(79822x4.00) + (678x190)
= 448.12 KN > 212.66 KN

Design of Column Footing,

Area of footing required
A
=
1.10 x 212.66/100
(Assuming S.B.C. of soil as 100 Kn/Sqm.)
Area of footin2.33 SQM. Provide square footing of size 1.60 M x 1.80 M
giving area = 2.88 Sqm. O.K. Provide depth at edge = 150 mm and at column
face = 450 mm.
Upward soil pressure = 212.66/2.88 = 73.84 KN/Sqm.

Maximum B.M. = 73.84 x 0.57x0.57/2 = 11.99 KN-M per Mtr.

Effective depth required, d = (11.99 x 10^6/0.65x1000)^0.5
=
135.84 mm
Whereas overall provided depth is 450 mm O.K.
Reinforcement = (11.99 x 10^6/230x0.9x410) = 141.27 Sqm
Provide 10 TOR @ 175 c/c both ways.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF QUANTITIES AS PER OLD AND NEW DESIGN.
Sr.No.
1

Description and
Qnty as per
calculations
Old design
Earth
Work
in 1x5.40x5.40x4.00
Excavation
= 116.64 Cum.

P.C.C. 1:4:8

R.C.C. (M-20) grade of

concrete in
(a) Bottom slab BS-1.
4.50x4.50x0.175 =
3.54 Cum.
(b) Beam WB-1
4x4.35x0.30x0.425
= 2.22 Cum.
(c) Column
(d) Foundation

(e) Beam at foundation

FB-1
Total Concrete
Steel Reinforcement :
(a) Roof Slab
(b) Wall :

Qnty as per new

Difference
design.
4x1.50x1.50x2.00 = 98.64
18.00 Cum.
Cum.

4x4.20x1.00x0.1 = 4x1.50x1.50x0.1
1.68 Cum.
0.90 Cum.

4x14x0.30x0.30 =
5.04 Cum.
4x4.20x1.0x0.15 =
2.52 Cum. + 4 x
4.20x(1+0.3)/2x0.3
=3.276 Cum, total
= 5.796 Cum.
4x4.20x0.30x0.15
= 0.756 Cum.
17.352 Cum.
10-Tor @ 200 c/c
2x23x4.40x0.62 =
125.488 Kg.
Vertical bars on
inner face 12 Tor
@ 100 c/c
4x43x4.20x0.89 =
642.936 Kg.
Vertical bars on

= 0.78 Cum.

4.50x4.50x0.10
=
2.02 Cum.
4x4.35x0.23x0.40 =
1.60
Cum.
+
2x4.20x0.23x0.40 =
0.77 Cum.
4x12x0.23x0.23
=
2.54 Cum.
4x1.2x1.2x0.15
=
0.864 Cum. + 4 x
0.25/3x(1.44+0.0529
+1.2x.23)
=0.589
Cum, total = 1.453
Cum.
-----------------8.383 Cum.
8-Tor @ 200 c/c
2x23x4.40x0.39
=
78.936 Kg.
Vertical bars on
inner face 10 Tor
@ 100 c/c upto 1.00
M
4x43x2.20x0.62
=
234.60 Kg.

(e) Column
(f) Foundation

outer face 12 Tor

@ 200 c/c
4x22x3.95x0.62 =
215.512 Kg.
Horizontal bars 10
Tor @ 200 c/c.
2x4x16x4.35x0.62
= 345.216 Kg.
8-Tor @ 250 c/c
corner bars
4x13x1.50x0.39 =
30.42 Kg.

For remaining height

10 Tor @ 200 c/c
4x43x2.0x0.62
=
109.12 Kg.
Vertical bars on
outer face 8 Tor @
200 c/c
4x22x3.95x0.39
=
135.56 Kg.
Horizontal bars 10
Tor @ 200 c/c.
2x4x16x4.35x0.62 =
345.216 Kg.

2x43x4.20x0.89 =
321.46 Kg.
Extra top 12 Tor
@ 200 c/c
4x21x1.00x0.89 =
74.76 Kg.
4x6x4.35x1.58 =
164.95 Kg.
8x14x4x1.58
=
707.84 Kg.
10 Tor @ 150 c/c
4x29x0.90x0.62 =
62.50 Kg.
Dist. 8-Tor
4x5x4.20x0.39 =
32.76 Kg.
Beam FB-1
4x8x4.20x2.47 =
331.96 Kg.
Stps.
4x33x1.55x0.39 =
78.62 Kg.
Total = 3134.422
Kg.

8-Tor @ 100 c/c

2x43x4.20x0.39
=
140.86 Kg.
Extra top 8 Tor @
200 c/c
16x21x0.50x0.39 =
65.52 Kg.
6x6x4.35x1.58
=
247.42 Kg.
4x12x4x0.89
=
170.88 Kg.
10 Tor @ 200 c/c
bothways.
4x2x7x1.1x0.62
=
38.19 Kg.
Total = 1566.29 Kg.

Total
=
1568.132
Kg. + 5 %
overlap =
1650 Kg.