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FS 4 112.

A) Knowing about curriculum design and different learning styles empowers you to develop and
adapt lessons to meet the needs of the learners to better serve the community. In my teaching experience in the US and abroad (mostly in the Pacific/Asian area), I have encountered many teachers who follow prepared texts and lesson plans with an almost blind disregard for the students and the real world needs of the local community. As a result, many students graduate with high marks but very low ability to function in society. Going across cultures, it seems than some countries "modernize" their education system without regard to the culture embedded in the educational methods they adopt. This has led to some notable misfits and disjoints that make things even more difficult due to the cultural conflicts that result. Curriculum design, like computer programming, is something teachers should know about (be aware of) but not everyone HAS to do it. It should be done by those who are effective at doing it. But every teacher should know about it so they can recognize problems and be able to converse about curriculum design. In this way, they can at least convey vital information to curriculum designers and contribute to improving the system rather than to be a passive "victim" of an ineffective educational system.

b) Most of them consider cognition, learning theory, maturation and development, concepts and skills,
philosophy of education, use of technology, expected learning outcomes.
116. a) Family and society involvement is a powerful influence on the success of the school's programs

and activities. When families are involved in school's programs and activities, they can help in giving brilliant ideas on how the programs and activities be more intellectual. Their outmost support can make their children cooperate well in school. They can also help in covering the little some of expenses in the programs and activities. The school budget is barely enough to cover core academic programs. Very little is left for enrichment programs and many times are left out of the budget. In addition of paying for programs, maintenance and upgrades for the schools are rarely covered by the school's budget. Many times, schools manage to maintain their facilities by support and donations from the community. This also helps to make the children more interested in their studies and demonstrate more positive attitudes and behaviors. For these reasons, increasing family involvement in school is an important goal for schools, particularly those serving low-income and other students at risk of failure. b)