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Sharron Galletano Dr. Coleman Myron LITR 316 13 September 2011.

An Assessment of Sonnet Forms The word sonnet is derived from the Occitan word sonet and the Italian word sonetto, both meaning little song or little sound (Poetic Form). In order to determine which sonnet form and rhyme scheme is the most difficult to write, I decided to try writing each one the Italian, the English and the Spenserian. Each one had a particular set of difficulties for me. After I determined to do this, I felt a higher regard of those who pioneered these styles. I love to write poetry, but I've never wanted to be constrained to a particular form; however, I did feel a sense of accomplishment having at least tried to write within a form. The Italian sonnet, made famous by Arezzo, Petrarca and Dante, has two parts the octave, the first eight lines and the sestet, the last six lines. The rhyme scheme varies, but I used abbaabba and cdcdcd. After line eight, there should be a change in the poem in some fashion before proceeding to the sestet. I planned to write the first eight lines about the negative aspects of death and the last six lines about the positive aspects of life after death:

Here and Yon When men do age before the end has come, regrets abound in heart and soul and mind. Now all their dreams of life are memories pined and thoughts of failures leave them sad and numb. They know what lies ahead, they hear the drum of death approaching, calling out to find them fighting, but the hour is sealed and signed, ignoring only leaves them deaf and dumb. The moment comes and yet they cling to life afraid to trust the Lord and Great Beyond.

Let go! The angel bids them now. No strife! Your pain and tears no longer here but gone. Hear now the music of the flute and fife forever more your joy waits here and yon. The English sonnet, most often associated with Shakespeare, consists of three quatrains and a couplet. It was introduced by Thomas Wyatt in the 16th century. Alexander Pushkin also used this form for his poem Eugene Onegin. The tone of the poem changes in the couplet. The rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg: You Demon! You Devil! What ere my life one thing I'll not forget the demon, devil in your lively face. That face, those eyes! How did I love each bit. But now your virtue's all but been erased I wish I'd never felt your love for me! You've left me with a sour and bitter taste. And all I'm left is what my eyes can see your awful, hateful and disgusting face. So leave, please leave! No more disgrace my life. I want no more my thoughts to be of you. I beg go back I do not want this strife. Your lies, they mock, and not one word is truth. But oh! I love you... please don't ever go! You demon, devil, please I love you so! The Spenserian sonnet, made famous by Edmund Spenser, has a rhyme scheme of ababb cbccdcd ee. Lines 4 and 5 serve as a couplet link, as do lines 8 and 9. This rhyme scheme confused me at first, but proved to be my favorite of the three. Christmas Time! It's Christmas time, all hearts are young and gay. We feel the cheer, the love that's sent to us. The bells are ringing out to show the way. The season brings the love of man and trust of all mankind. The seasons bright! Christmas! The sparkle streets - they glisten with the snow.

The splendor of the woods - it brings a hush. A time when all are friends and none are foes. When men forget their troubles and their woes and pledge their troth to brotherhood and love. Their hugs and joy they spread to all they know and thank the gods that be and God above. I wish that Christmas time was always here and men could love like this all through the year! In conclusion, I found the Italian sonnet the most difficult to write with it's rhyme scheme of abba. Most of the poetry I write, I usually use abab, so this was unnatural for me. I did, however, like the challenge of making a transition in lines 8 and 9. Using ten syllables a line also seemed unnatural for me. Writing the English and Spenserian sonnets proved easier for me, and of the two, I preferred the Spenserian sonnet. I don't think I would ever choose to write sonnets, but it definitely made me more respectful of those that do.

Work Cited Poetic Form: Sonnet. Poetry.org. Web. 10 September 2011.