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# TRIGONOMETRY PRACTICE PROBLEMS

## Q: 1: Verify the equation is an identity using multiplication and fundamental identities.

1. sin cot cos u u u =
2. cos tan sin u u u =
3.
2 2 2
sec cot csc u u u =
4.
2 2 2
csc tan s c e u u u =
5.
( )
2
cos sec cos sin u u u u =
6.
( )
2
tan cot tan sec u u u u + =
7.
( )
2
sin csc sin cos u u u u =
8.
( )
2
cot cot tan csc u u u u + =
9.
( )
tan csc cot sec 1 u u u u + = +
10.
( )
cot sec tan csc 1 u u u u + = +
Q: 2: Verify the equation is an identity using factoring and fundamental identities.
1.
2 2 2
tan csc tan 1 u u u =
2.
2 2 2
sin cot sin 1 u u u + =
3.
2
sin cos sin
tan
cos cos
u u u
u
u u
+
=
+

4.
2
sin cos cos
cot
sin sin
u u u
u
u u
+
=
+

5.
1 sin
sec
cos cos sin
u
u
u u u
+
=
+

6.
1 cos
csc
sin cos sin
u
u
u u u
+
=
+

7.
2
sin tan sin
cos
tan tan
u u u
u
u u
+
=
+

8.
2
cos cot cos
sin
cot cot
u u u
u
u u
+
=
+

Q: 3: Verify the equation is an identity using special products and fundamental identities.
1.
( )
2
sin cos
sec 2sin
cos
u u
u u
u
+
= +
2.
( )
2
1 tan
sec 2sin
sec
u
u u
u
+
= +
3.
( )
( )
2
1 sin 1 sin cos u u u + + = (

4.
( )
( )
2
sec 1 sec 1 tan u u u + = (

5.
( )( )
csc cot csc cot
cot
tan
u u u u
u
u
+
=
6.
( )( )
sec t n s c tan
sin
csc
a e u u u u
u
u
+
=
Q: 4: Verify that the following equations are identities.
1.
2
cos
sin csc
sin
u
u u
u
+ =
2.
2
tan
sec cos
sec
u
u u
u
=
3.
tan sin sin 1
csc cos cot
u u u
u u u

=
4.
cot cos cos 1
sec sin tan
u u u
u u u

=
5.
sec csc
tan
sin sec
u u
u
u u
=
6.
csc sec
cot
cos csc
u u
u
u u
=
Q: 5: Solve the following.
1. Show that
3
cos u can be written as
( )
2
cos 1 sin u u .
2. Show that
3
tan u can be written as
( )
2
tan sec 1 u u .
3. Show that
3
tan tan u u + can be written as
( )
2
tan sec u u .
4. Show that
3
cot u can be written as
( )
2
cot csc 1 u u .
5. Show that
2 2
tan sec 4tan u u u can be factored into
( )( )( )
sec 4 sec 1 sec 1 u u u + .
6. Show that
2 2
2sin cos 3sin u u u can be factored into
( )( )
( )
1 cos 1 cos 2cos 3 u u u + .
7. Show that
2 2
cos sin cos u u u can be factored into
( )( )
2
1 sin 1 sin u u + .
8. Show that
2 2
2cot csc 2 2cot u u u + can be factored into
( )
( )( )
2 csc 2 csc 1 csc 1 u u u + + .
Q: 6: Verify the following equations are identities.
1.
2 2 2
cos tan 1 cos u u u =
2.
2 2 2
sin t 1 s co in u u u =
3. tan cot sec csc u u u u + =
4. cot cos csc sin u u u u =
5.
cos
csc sin
tan
u
u u
u
=
6.
sin
sec cos
cot
u
u u
u
=
7.
cos
sec tan
1 sin
u
u u
u
= +

8.
sin
csc cot
1 cos
u
u u
u
= +

9.
1 sin cos
cos 1 sin
u u
u u

=
+

10.
1 cos sin
sin 1 cos
u u
u u

=
+

11.
2 2
csc cos cot sin
cos csc cot
u u u u
u u u
+
=
12.
2 2
2 2
1 1
csc sec
cos sin
u u
u u
+ =
13.
2
sin sin
2tan
1 sin 1 sin
u u
u
u u
=
+

14.
2
cos cos
2cot
1 cos 1 cos
u u
u
u u
=
+

15.
cot cot
2sec
1 csc 1 csc
u u
u
u u
=
+

16.
tan tan
2csc
1 sec 1 sec
u u
u
u u
=
+

17.
2
2
2
sec
tan
1 cot
u
u
u
=
+

18.
2
2
2
csc
cot
1 tan
u
u
u
=
+

19.
( )
2 2
2 2
sin cot csc sin u u u u =
20.
( )
2 2
2 2
cos tan sec cos u u u u =
21. cos cot sin csc u u u u + =
22. sin tan cos sec u u u u + =
23.
sec
sin
cot tan
u
u
u u
=
+

24.
csc
cos
cot tan
u
u
u u
=
+

25.
2
sin csc
cos
csc
u u
u
u

=
26.
2
cos sec
sin
sec
u u
u
u

=
27.
1
tan sec
csc sin
u u
u u
=

28.
1
cot csc
sec cos
u u
u u
=

29.
( )
2 1 sin
tan sec
1 sin
u
u u
u
+
= +

30.
( )
2 1 cos
csc cot
1 cos
u
u u
u

=
+

31.
cos sin cos sin
1 tan 1 tan
u u u u
u u
+
=
+

32.
1 cot sin cos
1 cot sin cos
u u u
u u u

=
+ +

33.
2 2
tan cot
csc sec
tan cot
u u
u u
u u

34.
2 2
cot tan
sin cos
cot tan
u u
u u
u u

35.
2
cot
1 sin
cot tan
u
u
u u
=
+

36.
2
tan
1 cos
cot tan
u
u
u u
=
+

37.
4 4
2 2
sec tan
1
sec tan
u u
u u

=
+

38.
4 4
2 2
csc cot
1
csc cot
u u
u u

=
+

39.
4 4
2
2
cos sin
2 sec
cos
u u
u
u

=
40.
4 4
2
2
sin cos
2 csc
sin
u u
u
u

=
41.
( )
( )
2
2
2
sin 1
sec tan
cos
u
u u
u
+
+ =
42.
( )
( )
2
2
2
cos 1
csc cot
sin
u
u u
u
+
+ =
43.
cos sin csc sec cos
sin cos sec sin
u u u u u
u u u u
+
+ + =
44.
cos sin sec csc sin
sin cos csc cos
u u u u u
u u u u
+
+ + =
45.
4 4
3 3
sin cos sin cos
1 sin cos sin cos
u u u u
u u u u

=
+

46.
4 4
3 3
sin cos sin cos
1 sin cos sin cos
u u u u
u u u u
+
=
+

47.
6 6
2 2
4 4
sin cos
1 sin cos
sin cos
u u
u u
u u

48.
4 2 2 4
sin 2sin cos cos 1 u u u u + + =
49.
( )
2
sin csc sin cos u u u u =
50.
( )( )
2
1 sec 1 sec tan u u u + =
51.
2 2 2 2
cos cot cos cot u u u u =
52.
( )
2
4 2
1 sin 1 sin cos u u u = +
53.
2sin cos
cos sin
sec csc
u u
u u
u u
=
54.
1 cot sec 1
sec cos
cos sec
u u
u u
u u

+ =
55.
2 2
csc cot 1 u u =
56.
tan
sin
sec
u
u
u
=

Q: 7: Use sum/difference identities to solve the following (do not use calculator).
1.
( )
cos 45 30 +
2.
( )
cos 60 45
3. cos
2 4
t t
| |

|
\ .

4. cos
4 3
t t
| |

|
\ .

5.
( )
sin 45 30
6.
( )
sin 135 120
7. sin
3 4
t t
| |

|
\ .

8. sin
4 6
t t
| |

|
\ .

Q: 8: Rewrite as a single expression.
1.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
cos 7 cos 2 sin 7 sin 2 u u u u +
2.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
sin 3 cos 5 cos 3 cos 5 u u u u +
3.
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
tan 5 tan 2
1 tan 5 tan 2
u u
u u

+

4. cos cos sin sin
3 6 3 6
u u u u
| | | | | | | |

| | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .

5. sin cos cos sin
2 3 2 3
u u u u
| | | | | | | |

| | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .

6.
tan tan
2 8
1 tan tan
2 8
u u
u u
| | | |
+
| |
\ . \ .
| | | |

| |
\ . \ .

Q: 9: Verify each identity.
1.
( )
sin sin t o o =
2.
( )
cos cos t o o =
3.
( )
2
sin sin cos
4
2
t
u u u
| |
+ = +
|
\ .

4.
( )
2
cos cos sin
4
2
t
u u u
| |
+ =
|
\ .

5.
1 tan
tan
4
1 tan
t
u
u
u
| | +
+ =
|

\ .

6.
tan 1
tan
4
tan 1
t
u
u
u
| |
=
|
+
\ .

7.
( )
3
sin 3 4sin 3sin u u u = +
8.
( )
3
cos 3 4sin 3cos u u u =
9.
( )
2
cos cos sin
4
2
t
u u u
| |
= +
|
\ .

10. sin sin 2sin
4 4
t t
u u u
| | | |
+ + =
| |
\ . \ .

11.
( )
4 2
cos 4 8cos 8cos 1 u u u = +

Q: 10: Rewrite in terms of an expression containing only cosines to the power 1.
1.
2 2
sin cos u u
2.
4 2
sin cos u u
3.
4
3cos u
4.
4 2
cos sin u u
5.
6
2sin u
6.
6
4cos u

Q: 11: Use a half-angle identity to rewrite each expression as a single, nonradical function.
1.
1 cos30
2
+

2.
1 cos45
2

3.
( )
( )
1 cos 4
1 cos 4
u
u

+

4.
( )
( )
1 cos 6
sin 6
u
u

5.
( )
( )
sin 2
1 cos 2
u
u +

6.
( )
2 1 cos
1 cos
u
u
+
+

Q: 12: Write each product as sun using the product-to-sum identities.
1.
( ) ( )
sin 4 sin 8 u u
2.
( ) ( )
cos 15 sin 3 o o
3.
7 3
2cos cos
2 2
| |
| | | |
| |
| |
\ . \ .

4.
5 9
2sin sin
2 2
u u
| | | |
| |
| |
\ . \ .

5.
( ) ( )
2cos 1079 cos 439 to to
6.
( ) ( )
2cos 2150 cos 268 t| t|

Q: 13: Write each sum as a product using the sum-to-product identities.
1.
( ) ( )
cos 9 cos 4 u u +
2.
( ) ( )
sin 14 sin 41 u u +
3.
11 5
sin sin
8 8
u u
| | | |
| |
| |
\ . \ .

4.
7 5
cos sin
6 6
u u
| | | |
| |
| |
\ . \ .

5.
( ) ( )
cos 607 cos 1447 tu tu +
6.
( ) ( )
cos 852 cos 1209 tu tu +

Q: 14: Verify the following identities.
1.
( )
2 2
2sin cos
tan 2
cos sin
u u
u
u u
=

2.
( )
2
1 sin
cot 2
2sin cos
u
u
u u

=
3.
( ) ( )
2
sin cos 1 sin 2 u u u + = +
4.
( )
( )
2
2
4
sin 1 sin cos 2 u u u = +
5.
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
cos 8 cos 4 sin 4 u u u =
6.
( )
( )
2
sin 4 4sin cos 1 2sin u u u u =
7.
( )
2
2
cos 2
cot 1
sin
u
u
u
=
8.
( )
2
2
cos 2
csc 2
sin
u
u
u
=
9.
( )
2
tan 2
cot tan
u
u u
=

10.
( )
( )
2cos 2
cot tan
sin 2
u
u u
u
=
11.
( )
tan cot 2csc 2 u u u + =
12.
( )
1
csc 2 csc sec
2
u u u =
13.
2 2
cos sin cos
2 2
u u
u
| | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .

14.
2
1 2sin cos
4 2
u u
| | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .

15.
( )
2 2 4
1 sin 2 1 4sin 4sin u u u = +
16.
2
2cos 1 cos
2
u
u
| |
=
|
\ .

17.
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
sin 120 sin 80
cot 20
cos 120 cos 80
tu tu
tu
tu tu
+
=

18.
sin sin
tan
2
cos cos
o |
o |
o |
+
| | +
=
|
+
\ .