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WDM Wavelength Division Multiplexing

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Ing. Francisco Cano S. MSc


Optical Networking, Intl Marketing Dept. Transmission Product Manager Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
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CONTENIDO
? Fibra ptica ? Parmetros que afectan la seal ptica ? Principios de WDM

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QU

A? TIC P RA FIB LA ES

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Elementos de una fibra ptica

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Causas de prdidas pticas


Prdidas debido a acoplamiento con dispositivo emisor de luz ... ....... . ..... .. Reflexin de Fressnel Prdidas por absorcin Prdidas debido a Scattering Rayleigh Presin lateral externa

Prdidas por splicing

Prdidas de Scattering debido a no uniformidad en la estructura Prdidas por microcurvaturas

Prdidas por radiacin causadas por curvaturas

Reflexin de Prdidas debido a Fressnel acoplamiento con dispositivo receptor de luz

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Atenuacin de la fibra ptica


Banda E

3,0

1 ventana

(Extended) 2 v Banda O (Original)

3 v Banda C (Conventional) 4 v Banda L (Long)

Banda S (Short)

2,5

Fibra multimodo

Atenuacin (dB/Km)

2,0

Fibra monomodo

Absorcin producida por el in hidroxilo, OH (Pico de agua)

1,5

1,0

Prdida debida a la dispersin intrnseca

0,5

Lser CD-ROM

0 700 Luz visible 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700

Luz infrarroja

Longitud de onda, (nm)


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Parmetros que afectan la seal en los sistemas WDM


l

Chromatic Dispersion Polarization Mode Dispersion- PMD Nonlinear Effects in Fiber Kerr Effect Four-wave Mixing

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Principios del DWDM

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Evolution of transport network

1965 Transmission technologies Copper Optical fiber

1984

1998

2005

2007

20XX

PtP WDM

Static OADM Ring

Optical Switching

Transport Hierarchy

PDH

SDH

OTN

Management & Control Plane Centralized Management Distributed Dynamic Control Plane

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What's WDM?
(Wavelength Division Multiplexing, multiplexacin por divisin en longitudes de onda) consiste en enviar varias seales a diferentes longitudes de onda (diferentes ) por una misma fibra (luz de varios colores)
lWDM

Gas Station

Free Way

Patrol Car
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WDM Concept
l

Different signals with specific wavelength are multiplexed into a fiber for transmission.

SDH signal IP package ATM cells

1 2 ? n

1 2

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WDM System Structure


l

The overall structure of the WDM system of N-path wavelength:


Optical Transponder Unit (OTU) Optical Multiplexer Unit / Optical De-multiplexer Unit (OMU/ODU) Optical Amplifier (OA) Supervisory Channel (OSC/ESC)

OTU OTU OTU

O M / O A OSC

OLA

O A / O D OSC
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OTU OTU OTU

OSC

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Optical Transponder Unit - OTU

Regeneration Input G.957

O/E

Reshape Retiming

E/O

Output G.692

3R
ALS FEC (Optional)
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Application of OA
EDFA RFA Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier Raman Fiber Amplifier

OTU

M M 4 U 0 X

OA

M OA 4 0

M OA4 0

M D M 4 U 0
X

OTU

OTU

OTU

Booster amplifier

Line Amplifier

Pre-amplifier

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Longitudes de onda Banda C y Banda L


1529.55nm 196.00THz

C-band

1560.61nm 192.10THz

1529.16nm 196.05THz

1560.20nm 192.15THz

C-EVEN: C-ODD: L-EVEN: L-ODD:


1570.42nm 190.90THz

192.10THz-196.00THz(1529.55nm-1560.61nm) 192.15THz-196.05THz(1529.16nm-1560.20nm) 187.00THz-190.90THz(1570.42nm-1603.17nm) 186.95THz-190.85THz(1570.82nm-1603.57nm)


1603.17nm 187.00THz

1570.82nm 190.85THz

L-band

1603.57nm 186.95THz

l l l

Banda C+ Banda L (160 canales) Banda C:192.1-196.0THz & 192.15-196.05THz, espaciamiento 100GHz. Banda L:187.0-190.9THz & 186.95-190.85THz, espaciamiento100GHz.
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Clases de Elementos de Red WDM


1.OTM 2.OADM
O T M OADM O T M

3.OLA 4.REG
R E G R E G

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WDM Site Type and Networking


l

Site Type :OTM, OADM(FOADM/ROADM) OLA,REG,OEQ


80.0 km 80.0 km 100.0 km 200.0 km

OTM

OLA

FOADM

ROADM

OTM

Networking Topology : P2P, Chain, Ring, Mesh.


OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM
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ROADM

Wave Blocker

PLC

WSS

ROADM-Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer


nDynamic

wavelength management nDynamic power control and remote monitoring nAdd services quickly

Any node, any port, any wavelength

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Dynamic optical add/drop modules


Any wavelength accessible in any node, No banding Any node to any node connection without re-design Integrated per channel equalization and monitoring Reduced regeneration using optical bypass Optical bypass and automated routing of wavelengths between nodes

ROADM
1 2 3 4

Multi-degree ROADM/WXC
1 2 3 4

ROADM is used to drop any wavelengths at any node.

MROADM is used to interconnect rings or mesh nodes.

ROADM is the foundation of an automated photonic network


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OTN
OTN-Optical Transport Network OTN is composed of a set of Optical Network Elements connected by optical fibre links, able to provide functionality of transport, multiplexing, routing, management, supervision and survivability of optical channels carrying client signals.
Client

nTransparent

transmission of

client signals nExcellent OAM nLarge-capacity grooming nProtection


OCh Payload Unit (OPUk) OCh Data Unit (ODUk)

Associated

W rapper

overhead

OH OH OH

Client OPUk ODUk OTUk FEC

OCh Transport Unit (OTUk) Optical Channel (OCh) Optical Channel Carrier (OCC)

Non -associated overhead

OH OCC OH OH OOS OSC OSC OCC


OMSn OPSn OTSn

OCC OPS0

Optical Multiplex Section Optical Transmission Section OTM Overhead Signal

OTM-nr.m: n? ? , ?

Optical Supervisory Channel


OSC

OTM-0.m

Optical Physical Section

OTM-n.m:

n? ? ,

OSC

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The G709 defines Structures & mapping


The G709 Recommendation defines the interfaces of OTN :
Overhead in support of multiwavelength optical networks

Frame structures Bit rates Formats for mapping client signals


3824 3825 4080 OTUk FEC 14 15 16 17 1 7 8 OTUk OH OPUk OH

1 2 3 4

ODUk OH

Client Signal mapped in OPU k Payload OPUk Payload

OTU is the highest electrical multiplexing level and includes a Forward Error Correction function. n ODU carriers an Optical Channel Payload Unit (OPU). n The client signals are mapped into the OPU, which is not processed at intermediate sites of OTN
n

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Tunable Transponders
You need 40 kinds of spare part.

?1 ?2

?1 ?2

Tunable OTU
You only need 1 kind of spare part.

?n

?1 ?2

?40

?40

?32

u Support dynamic wavelength adjustment covering the whole C band with 50GHz channel spacing (80 wavelength tunable range). u Support wavelength configuration and information inquiring by software. u Less inventory, and less Opex.
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Operation, Administration and Maintenance: 3A + OTDR + OSA


? ? Add/drop Add/drop Fiber cut Fiber cut OTU Attenuation Attenuation change change Varied Gain/ Varied Gain/ attenuation for attenuation for each ? each ? OTU

How to solve these problems?


Fault point ALC AGC Fiber System Function Automatic accommodate the attenuation change of the fiber Automatic lock the amplifier gain and insure the system performance during the adding or dropping channels APE OTDR OSA System Fiber System Automatic power equalization for all channels Monitor the parameters of the fiber and detect the break point Optical Spectrum Analyzer: Monitor the spectrum parameters. Provide on-line monitoring for all the service channels
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ALC Automatic Level Control

High line losses OAU OAU OAU OAU


Normal output Attenuated output Attenuated input

Without ALC Function

High line losses OAU OAU

With ALC Function

OAU

OAU
Normal output Normal input Attenuated input

Adjust the Power lever automatically considering followings: 1) Lambda add/drop 2) Fiber getting older
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Protection Against Failures in System

OSNCP (1+1 OTU) for end-to-end end-toprotection

OMSP (1+1 OLP) for line protection

1:8 OChP for transponder protection.


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Optical Protection( ? Protection( )


Industry-Unique Transponder Units Protection Industry-

1:8 End to end wavelength protection. Substantial network wavelength resource saving.

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Optical Protection( ?) Protection( ?)

lDual-feed Selective-Receive DualSelectivelLocal decision, Fast switch. lProcessing and switching in OLP board. lProtection against the fiber cable routes failure . route

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Optical Protection( ? ) Protection(


1+1 OTU Protection

lDual-feed Selective-Receive DualSelectivelLocal decision, Fast switch(<50 ms). lProcessing and switching in received transponder units. l1+1 transponder unit protection for certain important traffic is also available.

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Ventajas del DWDM


l l l l l l l

Transparencia Transmisin de largo alcance Alta Capacidad Utiliza las fibras pticas existentes Alta relacin desempeo/costo Confiabilidad Facilidad de actualizacin

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? National Backbone Solution ? Intercity Backbone Solution ? Intelligent Backbone Solution

Huawei OptiX
DWDM Backbone Solutions
Optical Networking, Intl Marketing Dept. Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2009? 3? 7? ? ? ?
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Where does the WDM work in optical network?


OptiX BWS1600G OptiX OSN9500
160 10G

OptiX BWS1600G

3210G

Unified Network Management Solution

Long-Haul Backbone Layer LongOptiX 6800/6100


OptiX 10G

SDH/ATM/IP

32?

10G/2.5G

iManager T2000/T2100
OSN7500/3500

OptiX Metro3100

MAN Core Layer


OSN3500/2500 OptiX 3800/6040

OptiX Metro1000

OSN2500/1500

Metro Access Layer


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Metro Access Layer


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Complete Optical Portfolio - OptiX


iManager T2000/T2100 LH DWDM Metro WDM NG WDM

WDM Family

OptiX BWS 1600G/400G

Metro 6100

Metro 6040

OSN 6800

OSN 3800

OSN 900

Intelligent NG SDH Family

OptiX OSN 9500

OSN7500

OSN 3500

OSN 2500

OSN 1500B

CPE Family

OSN1500A

Metro 1050

Metro 1000

Metro 500

Metro 100

MW Family

RTN620

RTN610

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F Trends of the Backbone Transport Network F National/Intercity DWDM Backbone Solution F Intelligent Backbone Solution F Applications

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The features of OptiX BWS 1600G


Ultra Capacity Ultra long haul transmission, Modular on-line upgrade: system upgrade is based on the multiple of 400G module NMS supports the End-to-End wavelength management; Support one fiber bi-direction and two fiber bi-direction transmission.

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OptiX BWS 1600G: A Unified Platform for Backbones


OptiX BWS1600G

High integration
Channels 40@10G 80@10G 160@10G Subracks 5 9 17 Racks 2 3 6
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High Dense C-Band DWDM Solution


Highest density: 25GHz spacing 160 @ 10G in C band with SuperDRZ 1600km for 16010G huge capacity Modular design, smooth expansion: 4080160chs Low initial investment, pay as grow
100GHZ spacing
OTU

50GHZ spacing 40chs

Mux
80chs 25GHZ spacing

OTU

40chs

Mux
160chs

OTU

40chs
OTU

Mux
80chs

40chs Page 36

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Extended C band solution


100GHZ spacing
OTU

50GHZ spacing 48chs

Provide an excellent solution with low initial investment and up to 20% extension capacity in
25GHZ spacing

ITL
96chs

extended C band
4010G system smoothness upgrade to 4810G system 8010G system smoothness upgrade to 9610G system 16010G system smoothness upgrade to 19210G system

OTU

48chs

ITL
192chs

OTU

48chs

ITL
96chs

OTU

Support mixed C band and extended C band solutions

48chs

Extended C band 192chs C band 160chs Extended 32chs

196.05THz

192.125THz 192.05THz
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191.275THz

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OptiX BWS 1600G System Overview


Simple unified network platform from common distance to ultra long-haul. longOTU MUX/ DeMUX OA OLA OLA OLA OA MUX DeMUX OTU

Network function unit


Optical Transponder Unit Optical amplifier unit MUX/DEMUX/OADM unit Control unit Optical supervisor unit Maintenance unit

Topology/protection
Topology: Liner, chain, ring Protection 1+ 1 Line/OTU protection 1 : 8 OTU protection 1+ 1 for timing unit

Network element
Optical Terminal Multiplexer Optical Line Amplifier Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer

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