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PUSAT PERKEMBANGAN KURIKULUM KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module MODULE 3 SYSTEM UNIT Curriculum Development Centre Ministry
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module MODULE 3 SYSTEM UNIT Curriculum Development Centre Ministry

MODULE 3

SYSTEM UNIT

School - Computer Hardware Module MODULE 3 SYSTEM UNIT Curriculum Development Centre Ministry of Education
School - Computer Hardware Module MODULE 3 SYSTEM UNIT Curriculum Development Centre Ministry of Education

Curriculum Development Centre Ministry of Education Malaysia

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module 1. Name of Module : System Unit 2.
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module 1. Name of Module : System Unit 2.

1. Name of Module :

System Unit

2. Learning Outcomes:The students should be able to:

identify the components of a system unit

state the functions of the main components of a system unit

state the functions of cpu, ram, rom and expansions slots found

on the motherboard

3. Knowledge and Skills:

main components in the computer system

4. Module Summary:

At the end of the module, a student is able to :

identify main components of system unit and motherboard

state the functions of main components of system unit

state the functions of CPU, RAM, ROM and expansion slot

This module contains 2 activities:

Activity 1 : Identify the components of a system unit

Activity 2 : Identify the components of a motherboard

As you are doing this module, use the computer in the lab to identify the components in the system unit.

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Notes: What is system unit? Box-like case that
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Notes: What is system unit? Box-like case that

Notes: What is system unit?

Box-like case that contains computer’s electronic components

Sometimes called the chassis

case that contains computer’s electronic components Sometimes called the chassis Figure 1 Examples of System Unit

Figure 1 Examples of System Unit

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Activity 1 : Identify the components of a
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Activity 1 : Identify the components of a

Activity 1 : Identify the components of a system unit

Inside view of system unit

Activity 1 : Identify the components of a system unit Inside view of system unit Figure

Figure 2 Inside view of System Unit

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Front layer of a system unit DVD-ROM drive
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Front layer of a system unit DVD-ROM drive

Front layer of a system unit

- Computer Hardware Module Front layer of a system unit DVD-ROM drive CD-ROM/CD-RW drive Zip drive
- Computer Hardware Module Front layer of a system unit DVD-ROM drive CD-ROM/CD-RW drive Zip drive

DVD-ROM drive

CD-ROM/CD-RW drive

Zip drive Empty drive bay

Floppy disk drive

drive Zip drive Em pty drive ba y Flo ppy disk drive Power button Reset button
drive Zip drive Em pty drive ba y Flo ppy disk drive Power button Reset button
drive Zip drive Em pty drive ba y Flo ppy disk drive Power button Reset button
drive Zip drive Em pty drive ba y Flo ppy disk drive Power button Reset button
drive Zip drive Em pty drive ba y Flo ppy disk drive Power button Reset button

Power button

Reset button

Figure 3 Front View of a System Unit

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Input/Output port (I/O port) Power port mouse U
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Input/Output port (I/O port) Power port mouse U

Input/Output port (I/O port)

Power port

Hardware Module Input/Output port (I/O port) Power port mouse U S B printer (parallel p ort
Hardware Module Input/Output port (I/O port) Power port mouse U S B printer (parallel p ort

mouse

USB

printer (parallel port)

keyboard

Power port mouse U S B printer (parallel p ort ) keyboard USB serial port speaker
Power port mouse U S B printer (parallel p ort ) keyboard USB serial port speaker
Power port mouse U S B printer (parallel p ort ) keyboard USB serial port speaker

USB

serial port

speaker

microphone

monitor

p ort ) keyboard USB serial port speaker microphone monitor game port network telephone line out

game port

network

telephone

line out

telephone

line in

svideo out

port network telephone line out telephone line in svideo out FM reception cab le TV Figure

FM reception

cable TV

Figure 4 Back View of a System Unit

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Functions of the main components of a system
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Functions of the main components of a system

Functions of the main components of a system unit

No.

Components

Functions

1.

Input/Output port (I/O port)

A

port is the point at which a peripheral attaches to a system unit

so that the peripheral can send data to or receive information from

 

the computer.

An external device, such as a keyboard, monitor, printer, mouse and microphone is often attached by a cable to a port on the system unit.

The back of the system unit contains so many ports. Some newer personal computers also have ports on the front of the system unit.

Ports have different types of connectors. A connector joins a cable

to

a peripheral. One end of a cable attaches to the connector on

the system unit and the other end of the cable attaches to a

connector on the peripheral.

2.

Power button

To start on computer

3.

Reset button

Kick of soft boot, instructing the computer to go through the process of shutting down, which would clear memory and reset devices to their initialized state. It simply removes power immediately.

4.

Motherboard

Main circuit board of the system unit, which has some electronic components attached to it and others built into it.

5.

Power Supply

Convert standard electrical power into the form that computer can use. If a power supply is not providing the necessary power, the computer will not function properly.

6.

DVD-ROM drive

A

device that reads DVD-ROM, also can read audio CDs, CD-

ROMSs, CD-Rs and CD-RWs.

7.

CD-ROM drive

A

device that reads audio CDs, CD-ROMs, CD-Rs and CD-RWs.

8.

DVD/CD-RW

It

is a combination drive that reads DVD and CD media, it also

drive

writes to CD-RW media. This drive also allows watching a DVD or burn a CD.

9.

Zip drive

A high-capacity disk drive that reads from and writes on a Zip disk.

10.

Floppy drive

A device that reads from and writes on a floppy disk

11.

Hard disk drive

Type of storage device that contains one or more inflexible, circular platters that store data, instructions and information. Also called a hard disk.

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Activity 2 : Identify the components of a
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Activity 2 : Identify the components of a

Activity 2 : Identify the components of a motherboard

for RAM
for RAM

Expansion

slots

Figure 5: Layout of a motherboard

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module CPU Expansion Slots Expansion Card 9
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module CPU Expansion Slots Expansion Card 9
CPU
CPU
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module CPU Expansion Slots Expansion Card 9
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module CPU Expansion Slots Expansion Card 9
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module CPU Expansion Slots Expansion Card 9
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module CPU Expansion Slots Expansion Card 9

Expansion

Slots

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module CPU Expansion Slots Expansion Card 9

Expansion

Card

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module CPU Expansion Slots Expansion Card 9

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Functions of the components of the motherboard No.
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Functions of the components of the motherboard No.

Functions of the components of the motherboard

No.

Components

Functions

1.

Central

A

Central Processing Unit or CPU is a microprocessor (or processor

Processing

for short). It is an integrated circuit chip that is capable of processing electronic signals. The CPU is the most important element in a computer system.

Unit (CPU)

A

CPU interprets instructions given by the software and carries out

those instructions by processing data and controlling the rest of the computer’s components.

2.

Random

 

RAM is installed inside computers. RAM is also known as a working memory. working memory.

Access

Memory

The data in RAM can be read (retrieved) or written (stored).Memory

(RAM)

RAM is volatile which means the programs and data in RAM are lost when the computer is powered off. are lost when the computer is powered off.

A computer uses RAM to hold temporary instructions and data needed to complete tasks. This enables the computer's CPU (Central Processing Unit) to access instructions needed to complete tasks. This enables the computer's CPU (Central Processing Unit) to access instructions and data stored in the memory very quickly.

RAM stores data during and after processing.instructions and data stored in the memory very quickly. 3. Read Only   ROM is another

3.

Read Only

 

ROM is another type of memory permanently stored inside the computer. computer.

Memory

(ROM)

ROM is non-volatile. It holds the programs and data when the computer is powered off.(ROM)

Programs in ROM have been pre-recorded. It can only be stored by the manufacturer; once it is done, it cannot be changed. stored by the manufacturer; once it is done, it cannot be changed.

Many complex functions, such as start up operating instructions, translators for high-level languages and operating systems are placed in ROM memory. instructions, translators for high-level languages and operating systems are placed in ROM memory.

All the contents in ROM can be accessed and read but cannot be changed.languages and operating systems are placed in ROM memory. 4. Expansion Expansion slots are the sockets

4.

Expansion

Expansion slots are the sockets where the circuit boards or the adapter cards can be inserted into the motherboard. It is a place to fit an expansion card containing the circuitry that provides some specialised capability, such as video acceleration, sound or disk drive control.

Slots

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Appendix 1 11
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Appendix 1 11

Appendix 1

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Appendix 1 11

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 1 Label the system unit below with
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 1 Label the system unit below with

Worksheet 1

Label the system unit below with the words given.

1 Label the system unit below with the words given. Expansion Power Supply Zip Drive Hard
1 Label the system unit below with the words given. Expansion Power Supply Zip Drive Hard
1 Label the system unit below with the words given. Expansion Power Supply Zip Drive Hard
1 Label the system unit below with the words given. Expansion Power Supply Zip Drive Hard
1 Label the system unit below with the words given. Expansion Power Supply Zip Drive Hard
1 Label the system unit below with the words given. Expansion Power Supply Zip Drive Hard
1 Label the system unit below with the words given. Expansion Power Supply Zip Drive Hard
1 Label the system unit below with the words given. Expansion Power Supply Zip Drive Hard
1 Label the system unit below with the words given. Expansion Power Supply Zip Drive Hard

Expansion

Power Supply

Zip Drive

Hard Disk Drive

Floppy Drive

Cards

RAM

Mother Board

CD/DVD Drive

Expansion

CPU Chip

Slots

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 2 Look at the diagram carefully and
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 2 Look at the diagram carefully and

Worksheet 2

Look at the diagram carefully and match them to the name of the ports in the table given using numbers.

to the name of the ports in the table given using numbers. Label of the ports

Label of the ports

No

1

Power port

USB port

VGA port (Monitor display)

Serial port (Modem)

PS2 port (Mouse)

Game port (Joystick)

Audio ports (speaker, headphone and microphone)

Parallel port (printer port)

PS2 port (keyboard)

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 3 Names the component parts of the
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 3 Names the component parts of the

Worksheet 3

Names the component parts of the motherboard.

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 3 Names the component parts of the
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 3 Names the component parts of the
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 3 Names the component parts of the
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 3 Names the component parts of the
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 3 Names the component parts of the
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 3 Names the component parts of the
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 3 Names the component parts of the

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 4 Mark T for True and F
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 4 Mark T for True and F

Worksheet 4

Mark T for True and F for False

1. The processor (CPU) interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer.

2. Computers can use only one processor at a time.

3. ROM is the main circuit board of the system unit.

4. Expansion slot is a socket on the motherboard that can hold an adapter card.

5. RAM is non-volatile

6. The most important chip on the main circuit board is the microprocessor chip.

7. I/O port is the point at which a peripheral attaches to a system unit so that the peripheral can send data to or receive information from the computer.

8. Reset button is to start on computer.

9. A device that reads from and writes on a floppy disk is called hard disk drives.

10. Power supply convert standard electrical power into the form that computer can use.

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 5 Fill in the blank with the
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 5 Fill in the blank with the

Worksheet 5

Fill in the blank with the correct name of components and functions.

No.

Components

Functions

1.

Input/Output port (I/O port)

 

2.

 

To start on computer

3.

Reset button

 

4.

 

Main circuit board of the system unit, which has some electronic components attached to it and others built into it.

5.

 

Convert standard electrical power into the form that computer can use.

6.

DVD-ROM drive

 

7.

CD-ROM drive

 

8.

 

This drive also allows watching a DVD or burn a CD.

9.

 

A high-capacity disk drive that reads from and writes on a Zip disk.

10.

Floppy drive

 

11.

 

Type of storage device that contains one or more inflexible, circular platters that store data, instructions and information.

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 6 Find the differences between primary storage
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Worksheet 6 Find the differences between primary storage

Worksheet 6

Find the differences between primary storage RAM and ROM

RAM

RAM ROM
RAM ROM
RAM ROM
RAM ROM

ROM

RAM ROM
RAM ROM
RAM ROM
RAM ROM

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module

ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Reference Cashman, S. (2006) Discovering Computers 2006 .
ICTL For Secondary School - Computer Hardware Module Reference Cashman, S. (2006) Discovering Computers 2006 .

Reference

Cashman, S. (2006) Discovering Computers 2006. USA : Thomson Course Technology.

Ibrahim Ahmad, Mohd Hafiz et al (2007) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Based on SPM Syllabus. Selangor: Venton Publishing (M) Sdn Bhd.

NCC Education (2002) Computer Studies, Computer Ace. Sri Lanka : Computer Pioneers.

IBasic Computing (2003) by TMEdu Tech (M) Sdn Bhd

http://www.wikipedia.org

http://images.search.yahoo.com

http://www.google.com.my

CD courseware ICT