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第 29 卷  第 1 期 西南师范大学学报 ( 人文社会科学版) 2003 年 1 月

Vol. 29  No . 1 Journal of Sout hwest China Normal University ( Humanities and Social Sciences Edition) Jan. ,2003

两宋赈灾救荒措施的市场化与社会化进程
张  文
( 西南师范大学 历史文化与旅游学院 , 重庆市 400715)

摘  要 : 两宋时期的赈灾救荒措施从性质上看 ,可分为三类 :纯行政性措施 、


市场性措施与社会性措施 。
其中 ,纯行政性措施多行于北宋时期 ,南宋以后渐趋减少 ; 市场性措施从熙丰年间以后逐渐增多 ,南宋以后一
直沿用 ,但不及北宋中后期典型 ; 社会性措施作为纯行政性措施的补充形式 ,早在北宋中前期即已开始实行 ,
但大规模的应用却是南宋以后的事 。这一变化过程 ,反映出宋朝赈灾救荒措施的市场化与社会化趋势 ,即国
家职能从独揽社会事务向调动市场 、
组织社会 、
参与经营的方向转变 ,同时也意味着中国古代传统荒政的一次
重要转型 。
关键词 : 两宋 ;赈灾救荒 ;行政性 ;市场化 ;社会化
中图分类号 : F129   文献标识码 : A   文章编号 : 100022677 ( 2003) 0120124207

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© 1994-2008 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net
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© 1994-2008 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net
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© 1994-2008 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net
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© 1994-2008 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net
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© 1994-2008 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net
The Process of Marketalization and Socialization of
the Measure for Relief of Famine and Disaster in the Song Dynasties

ZHAN G Wen
( School of History , Cult ure and Tourism , Sout hwest Chi na Norm al U niversity , Chongqi ng 400715 , Chi na)

Abstract : The measure for relieving famine and disaster in Song dynasties can be categorized into tree types from t he properties :
t he simple administrative measure , t he market measure and t he social measure. t he simple administrative measure was used
widely during t he Nort h Song dynasty , but it decreased gradually after t he Sout h Song dynasty ;the market measure increased gradu2
ally from the period Xi Feng of North Song dynasty ,then it continued through the south song dynasty , but it was not tipical than the middle
and later stage of North Song dynasty ; the social measure was put into practice as a supplement of the simple administrative measure from the
earlier and middle stage of North Song dynasty , and then ,it was used widely since the South Song dynasy. The process of the change reflected
the tendency of marketalization and socialization of the measure for relieving famine and disaster in the Song dynasties. It was also said that the
government function was changed from interfering with social activities directly to regulating market ,organizing society and participating in
management. It means that the measure for relief of a famine in ancient china had takenplace an important transition.
Key words :The Song Dynasties ; the measure for relieving famine and disaster ; socialization ; marketalization ; administrative

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