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Liceo Comercial Nora Vivians Molina

4 b Ventas

Indice Portada . indice e introduccion . direct questions . indirect questions . conclusion . Pag. 1 Pag 2 Pag 3 y 4 Pag 5 Pag 6

Introduccion
In English we have two ways to express a sentence. First, we direct sentences like He likes swimming and, secondly, the indirect sentences such as Can you give me your telephone number?. Here are some examples to understand better:

Direct questions yes / no questions in English. 1. He likes swimming. 2. He can swim long distances. 3. He is a good swimmer. To make sentence 1 into a question, you need to add does. The does goes before he. Does is only used if the subject is he, she or it in all other cases, use do. The verb like goes after the subject, but it doesn't have an 's' on the end. Remember: after auxiliary verbs (like do, does, have, can, etc.) the verb is in the infinitive, without 'to'. "Does he like swimming?" Not "Does he likes swimming?" or "Do he like swimming?" If the sentence is in the past tense (he liked swimming), we use the past form of 'do' or 'does', which is did. The verb 'like' is still in the infinitive without 'to'. For example, "Did he like swimming?" Not "Did he liked swimming?" To make sentence 2 into a question, you don't need to use 'does' because you already have an auxiliary verb can. So you put the can before he. "Can he swim long distances?" Not "Can swim he long distances?" or "Does he can swim long distances?" To make sentence 3 into a question, use is as the auxiliary. "Is he a good swimmer?" Not "Does he is a good swimmer?" or "Does he be a good swimmer?"

Direct questions "wh" questions What is your name? Why do you want this job? How much do you earn? How soon can you start? When did you see the advertisement? Where do you live? Which newspaper did you see the advertisement in? Who gave you my name? After the "wh word" (what, why, how, when, etc) comes the auxiliary (do, does, did or can), then the subject (you) , then the rest of the question. Note: if 'who', 'which' or 'what' are the subject of the question, you dont need an auxiliary. For example, "What happened?" Not "What did happen?" The thing that happened is what the subject of the question. "Who saw you?" Someone saw you who was it? Compare with "Who did you see?" You saw someone who was it?) "Which company made a profit?" A company made a profit which company was it? Compare with "Which company did you work for?" You worked for a company which one was it?

Indirect questions in English The "indirect questions" are questions that we use when we want to ask something politely. Its construction is necessary to take into account: the order of subject, the auxiliary and main verb is the same as in the statement. Example: Do you think I is doing fine? Yes I think I have is doing fine. Traduccin: Crees que le est yendo bien? Si creo que le est yendo bien. "He is doing" remains the same as in the indirect question and the statement. Example: Are you going to ask him WHERE I Went? I Went to Africa. Traduccin: Le vas a preguntar a donde fue? El fue a frica "I went", remains the same in your question and your answer. If you want to ask a question that is quite sensitive, try using one of the indirect phrases below: Can you tell me Could you tell me I'd be interested to hear I'd like to know Would you mind telling me These questions are followed by either about, a "wh word" or if. Then you add the subject, then the sentence. You don't need an 'auxiliary', such as 'do', 'does', 'did', or 'can'. "Can you tell me what you like most about your present job?" Not "Can you tell me what do you like?" "I'd be interested to hear about your experiences." "Would you mind telling me if you have applied for a similar position before?"

Conclusion

Phrase the question such that it is simple and clear. Ask in a pleasant, but neutral voice. Show neither threat nor anxiety. Note how quickly they respond. If there is a slight delay, they may have been considering their response and hence lying. Sometimes a too-short delay can show they had an answer ready (not a good a sign, as it indicates they are prepared for interrogation).