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THE ART OF

IN~FIGHTING
A TREATISE ON A TOO )-IEGLECTED SCIEI\CE
BY

FRANK
EX-J\·lIDDLE_\liEIGHT

KLA\;S
OF

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WOHLD

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"BOXII\C."

Pia. 1

Tb(! Author

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ATHLETlC PUBUCATIONS LTD., Link House, 54 & 55, Felter Lane, & 151, Fleet-st., London, E C. 4.

The only Paper in the world devoted solely to the Noble Art

, BOXING'
THREEPENCE WEEKLY
fulk~ and ;lUpOltllnt Abroad. It.:J..g r-nnte .•t. ~"uH"f breesv
lr":

CONTENTS.
IN'mODUCIIO)f
GETTIK() STUJ'I'INO 'I'll),: IN TO

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PREFACE.
Ix writing this book I hope to supply a want. By that I mean the. bringing to light of Iar too little known science, which seems to have been but elementarily studied by the modern-day hox!:'I' . And how all-important. t How many pugilistic be.t.tlee have been lost owing to an altogether inadequate knowledge of tht' most vital principle of boxlng ! The old-fashioned hit, atop and get-away system, although still the predominant note in the noble an. has been sensibly strengthened, yet it, i~ rem.n-kable to realise how few IHJxers are aware of this fact, \'{iLIHmt wishing to claim any !Jal'l.il:ulal' beaut.y for in-fighting, yctlol'l> practical experience have uf convinced mc that it is, perhaps, the HLn~L pfTt'di\'e weapon in the bands of the boxer to-day. Conecrvatc-m is as fatal to boxing as il U. WiW1J applied louany other form of sport. 10m sorry to ."ay r.hut in England this scntimenlo, es applied to tho a·rt of bo.... aud contemporary iug pastimes, is raw pant. Tho last Olympic (James were potential t-estimony to t.hla purt icular state of things. , In France there appears to exist u. greater tendcucy to "move 'with the tdmcs." Suuh I)()xM8 ;'IS Georges Cerpcntder.xucceed where others fail, owing to Lhb desire to delve into the "up to dat-e .. in things athletic.
Ii. Ii.

A Pnn.CONCEIVF.O
T..otlK.LNC GR'I"l'lNU

Dn.lv.KHY

43
45 17

trr ron AN Iloun WITH

RWH'l'·.A&M AliM

.PARAT,YSHW A.~ OrrO~I:XT'S InS BWRPS
ll'lli.ING Al,-

BY POl\C.lilXO 49 Orl'ONE:t."'T'S 51
WHO HOT.D," FOR 53

OrENTN"G
A.l'Ant 0::-1"'I'll!: A

1I v BHJ::dRI:XO

ARMs
USINGLrr'r

OrrONEXT
DOUBLE

DRINGI:s:G .. cotf.l' u
R:I;,rERF.B'S HOOl<l!:lO RroIIT '1'[1E HAn:
T:a:Jil LEn

eLwell

THE l'i.l u7 50 61

L'I'.r~RVE)""'l'IO:K

"HOOlilNG TlrH MA~ WHO "BE-EAK
ARM

HuLDs
'I'a:f~LI':F1_' f:lTO.l'l'ED

ON FINDIKG ". TN

CHA...."'iUERY

63

PL""lHJ.HING BODY
IS A BETh""G PrWULIA.lt

wrra: '1'H'Fl HELD .
,

Rram-,

WHiLE LEI;T
67 FALLL"'G O~ 'to

I~Cl'l.)jCNT:

PAPKE

A .PuNCH.
GJ::OROE

69
FI!ANK

ENGEL,

M:.-L"'i.AG~lIt 'U 1

Kr ..s.us

71

PftKll'A{JE.

PREFAC.Il:.

xi

Without being of vcryrocent origin, in-fighting has never been practised with such devastating effect,s as ut the present day. Tho all-dominating feature of a contest surely lies in the beating of en opponent. How can this be done with any degree of confidence, if one enters upon a hat'tle Inadequately armed ? Taking all other things 3.S equal, such as weight, eudurencc, training and skin, the man with the better idea, of in-fighting must" como out on top." Tfli" is but a logical deduction, one that ahoul L appeal to tho young boxer just launching on a pugilistic career. Such defeats as those auatained hy Bombardier' Billy Wells are generally the result of en incorn pleto fistic education, Lhat il; t.o say, of a lack of in-fighting experience. The old notion that tho straight left will beat any man is distinctly out of gear in hheso times, especially when we have such examples a.') those afforded lIS by Palzer and Gunboat Smith when they defeated the Bombardier. Victory in oaoh of these inatancee appears. to have favoured tho man who knew just the moment to get to close quarters, and annul all the work done by tho more stylis}) boxer. If,!\oS must be generally admitted, only victory counts in a boxing contest, then i~ is for us to find the best means to secure this desil'ablG end. :Fl'Om a spectacular poi nt of view, in-fighting seems to lose in comparison with the stand-up longmnge methods. This hrings me to the point as to whether it is better to he what is known ee a " prebty boxer" and remain a medioority or study further

and more eilectual principles and thus become a champion. In-fighting is very like an olive; one wants educating up to iLs taste, so to speak. The reason ~h~t close f(Hq~:e boxing is not popular must be that It 18 not understood. To dislike a thing is to condemn it, ill spite of iL.'! intrinsic merits, There is really just a.. much beauty in in-figlltillg '3 as Lhel'o is in all the more familiar phuses of the noble art; the fault meetly lies in the fact that tho public refuse to sec it. It. is HI)' earnest Je!lil'o to delil'lcate in this lit.Lle volume not only the hidden secrets and artistic merits of in-fighting, but to show its imperative utihty to all. Having perused, etudiod, inwardly digested and thoroughly mastered its subtleties, I trust that readers may have found a new fOl'ce in its relation to the noble arf of self-defence. I should also like to take this opportunity of tha.nl?ng my excellent manager, George .Engel, my sru..rrwg partner, Frank Madole, and my fr-iend, 1". H. Hurdman Lucas (0£ H Boxing "), for the va.!u~~ble u.s_~h;taneehey Lave glvcn me i n producing t HilS httle work. 'rae AUTHOR.

1-1-

TlIT.

AnT

os

11\-}·WH'l'll'(I.

boxer who, possessed of a more profound knowledge of the game, imposes it on all OP1JOIlent. 1'0 Hum lip, in-fighting is an all too-neglected ort, one Lhaf at any moment <lming a contest i~ capable nf turning defeat. into victory. It is the artillery of pugilism ; the besieging force that, by its continual pounding at the outer wulls of an opposing clement, finally reduces it to cupitulul.iou. Of course, stra.t<:gy IIItl.St pia)' an Important part. in this paruoulur Iorm uf boxing, M it must III pvery other.
Strlltl>gy: Good ana nlld.

How often bus superior strat.egy WUII !.he day when applied t'V!"1I t.o superior forte . ; 1 This vCQ' itupnrt.arrt purt of 11 ..hoxp!""sin-fighting education cannot be impertcd : it should develop \"iLh cxpe-ience , Sehlom is it ehot two boxers follow uxucblv tho sumo stvle ] t Lhoreforo remuins for tilt' n~e or the othe"l' to formulate his plan of at.tuck and de 'ence according to tlll~ particular idiosyncrasies of his opponent. i:-\OIlH!there MC whose peculiarity is to protect the j"'w wit.h au almost motherly cart'. Thls notion is indication of weakness that man's part, his protective "pirit but acting us u clue for the locating of t.lu- vulnerable spot in his r-nmpositicn. Others will fit once expose the-it weakest llart. by ~u'"slightest gc'liturt:. A feint at the stoumuch, for instance, will sometimes make fin opponent gasp in expcctction of 1.110 punch tha.t h(.) Lllillks is coming,
\'PI'), (1.11 OTI

16

THE

ART

0.1) IN-.li'Wll'NNG

.

•,ueh a one «honld prove nn p.asy pr('y for the in. fighter. for hy judicious manoeuvring it ts possible to so demoralise tho boxer with the frail hody as to finally beat him. Tho strategy of making an opponent either drop or bring his hands up, therby compelling him to expose a vital spot, is as old as the hills as regards long-range boxing. Successive feints will often accomplish the purpose, but with in-fighting the modus operandi is totally different.
Feinting while at Close Quarters.

Whereas ordinary feinting is but the implied delivery of a punch, meant to disconcert an opponent 01' put him off his guard, for the purpose of finding the necessary opening for a preconceived delivery, no suoh strategy is possible in in-fighting. When close up to an opponent, punching becomes a. matter of intuition. One can neither properly see what nn opponent is going to do, nor Je it of tell possible to be guided. by our eyesight as to the most exposed or ut tuckable parts of his body. At close range hoxing becomes instinctive, that is, we must rely mostly upon the sense of touch to know exactly where and wben to place a punch. This particular development of tho in-fighting art may be acquired through following the instructions given in this volume, and fll'ad,ising them often with as many sparring part.ners as it is possible to find. To always box with the same man is but to fall into a single groove, from which it is extremely difficult to extricate oneself, Althougb there are

Fill. 3-Frnl1k Klau.sand hls SPllt'rlna Partner, lIrank Madl)le.

B

18

THE

ART

OF IN-}'WH'rrNG.

but few variants of Lbostraight bft and right crosscounte-r, in-fighting otlers new fields for the expl.dting of, nud coming into contact with, unsuspeoteri clements of the pugilisti« art.
The Infinite Posstbttttes 111 Boxing.

Although apparently simple, and to all appeare.nces cornposed of but a few essentialities, the noble a.rt, like the violin; i~ never thoroughly mastered, This assertion l11~~yseem etrange to those who. in boxing see but the giv"i!lgof n blow with either left or right fist, the blocking of same, stepping back, or ducking. But like the instrument just referred to, and dt.hbugh with pra~t.icaIIy but 0,3 few stling~ to work upon, boxing is ever full of vado.t.i.Qv.s. This theory is based on the possibility of the almost infinite trausposa! of, say, the numbers one to twenty. As is well known, these may bo. placed in thousnnrls of ways, each aile showing a. different, total. So is it with boxing, fot-, although out made up of an apparently bmitr-d gamut, its range of posaib'ilit.ioa ts well-nigh wit-hout end. This Is especially noticeable with in-fighting, wherein one must not only depend upon punching an cpponcnt., oat. so negative his counter attacks as to always have the better of him. In-Iighcing (tho samc rulo applies to boxing generally) is not wholly the- inflicting of punishment, hut the ncutrahsing of an adversary's efforts. A good defence is as necessary as a perfect attack, and although ;:'OIUC men can take more punishment than others) a. boxer ha.. often Lut himself to blame e

20

'tIm

llu:r

OF

IN-FAGH'I'lNG.

for boxing without the slightest regard for his individual qualities. A good in-fighter, for instance, would be courting disaster ill seeking to heat an opponent by longrange punching and vice versa. Boxers arc often led to such imprudences either by losing their temper or being led into them by their opponent's wiles.
Generalship in la.Fighting.

This brings us to I'.ingeraft or generalship, As [ «uid, feinting, us generally understood, is next to impossible ill close quarters, for the simple reason that the two UOX(}L'I') depend entirely upon the sense of touch, Instead of Icintmg, therefore, it would perhaps be better to substitute the word cunning or craft, when applied. to in-fighting, or, better still, generalship. The aim of a general, we all know, i."! to deceive tho enemy, but whereas there are many ways of doing this at long-range boxing, the field for such strategy hoinarrowed up while in-fighting,
The \Vaitiog Game.

If, by his style of boxing. your opponent should IHl.Yc 'practically int.imatud t.hc Iuct thai he has a weak stomach, it ie bad geueralslrip to immediately attack Lhut pacticntnr spot, Let the in-fighter direct his aU,ent,ion to the riba uud liver, wah uu occasional vi~i\' '. highM lJI_),H The chances arc that he will sooner 01' later find the opening thut ho has patiently waited Ior. The same strategy applies to the jaw. A boxer with a " glass" chin invariably

Fig. S~Puslllng tbe Left

J~D.(I

asi.de, Rnd Qettinlt in on the Ribs, I,.iver orH~rt,

22

TJTF. ART OF IK-FIGHTlliG,

believes himself safe when nt close quarters;" and, although perhaps an indifferent in-fighter. he will seck that which he fondly believes should prove immunity from danger, in continual hugs, Although it will be next to impossible to reach that man's jaw at such times, it remains for the infighter to so weaken Lis opponent by body punches as to eventually find little or no difficulty in catching him on the vulnerable" point" after the break, Tho in-fighter's most deadly work is effected on tho body (sec Fig. 10, p. 33), although the jolt (l'ig. 16, p. 17) and half-arm hooks (sec Fig. 13, p. 4-1)to the chill, eyes, nose, and mouth play no small part in helping an opponent to eventual defeat.
Acqu lr mg the Intuitive Insetnct.

Generalship (or oraft) in in-fighting is mostly· a ... gift. It if! the intuitive appreciation of things at the psychological moment, the knowing by his smallest and apparently insignificant gesture at' movement what an opponent is about to .do. This gift may be sensibly developed by the observant boxer if he win [oHm\ my previous counsel, and find RB ma,ny sparring partners a" he can with varying styles. Hnvlug done this and furthermore, conscicntioualy practised (1"'1 1ll0V(\"1 set rorth in this the volume, there is every reason 1.0 "hope that tho subject, be he professional 01' amateur, will have armed himself with yet one more essentiality for 1116omplete pugilistic education-c-as complete as c such a curriculum can be, for in boxing there seems to be always somethingnew to_learn.

"Ffli!;.

6-A

DC"!l:51"tln~ puncu to me J::h:"ilrt,'ollowed by Ibe . RIA!!t to the Ribs.

24

T1H.: AWl' OF

IN~FIGH'1'ING,

Conctuston.

In~fight..iug Is one of these new things. for in recommending it. to my readers it is with the belief and hope that they are already proficient in the art of long-range boxing. A~ I said at the commencement of this little work, the one cannot be complete without the other. wherena tho two must perforce make for a perfect whole. Although 1 have made a. special study of infighting and gained most of my contests by its aid, out-fighting has been an equally important factor in my successes. ltallY books have been writen on boxing generally, but the art of in-fighting has always played a very subordinate part therein. Seeing the really great importance of this all tooneglected department of tho noble art. the idea occurred to me to specialise it in this book. I fruaf Ulat it may be tho means of turning out more complete boxers than ha~ hit-herto been the case,

Fill· 7-The

In-Flil;.htcl"s

most

Deadly the

Punch:

the

RJjI;ht DrIve

(0

(he

pit

ot

StuID:lch.

THE MOST IMPORTANT DESCRIBED AND Getung

IN.FIGHTING PH6-SES ILLUSTRATED.

io to CLose Ouertees,

Never be careless, even while practising. Thero is a psychological moment for all things ill this life, but none is so important as to know tho right one to get to cl080 quarters with an opponent. This again, I might say, is mORUy a mutter of intuitive appreciation, for all movements ill boxing are but momentary. To let ... 110proper chance slip by is, perhaps, to lose a contest. By practice the eye becomes easily: trained to this sort of telepathic communication from an opponent. Some boxers do not worry at aU about anything when in the" gym " save tho ordinary rudiments of boxing. They are pleased to just punch a sparring partner all the while. Knowing perfectly well that there is but little danger of being damaged themselves, t.his breeds acute carelessness that deteriorates a man's science and lessens his mental vitality. A boxer should be just as alert in the" gym" as he is in a ring, and always on tho qui vive for new things, of which the game is full. 'I'hue it i~ tha.t the choosing of just the right time to bote in to an opponent fOL' in-lighting purposes is mostly a matter of acuteness of minute observation. In spite of that, there are moments when such openings are so obvious that a good In-fighter instantly sees the opportunity for the carrying out of his

FIg,. 8~A SnlBrt Triple l\Iov('meot; Slde_suppinC RiChl, .stopplna Left, "lid :!!,tttlo.l;l ome on Stomacb. h

28

THE

ART

or

TN-FIGHTING.

deadly work (sec Fig. 4, p. 19). In this inatance it. will be observed that the opponent, is backing away from a- punch that has apparently slung him, tho while he subconsciously Covers his jaw. A man on the retreat becomes the prey of the in-fighter, for to recover his backward impetus ho must perforce come to a. standstill before resuming any forward tendency. That is .the time to rush him (before be can recover an aggressivo advance), force him to the ropes (see V'ig. 9, 11. 29), and there have things all one's own way. A man loaning with 11i6 back to tho ropes is at the greatest disadvantage possible, for apart from the natural anxiety of finding himself so penned "in, he can but lise his defensive qualities to extricate himsel! from so perilous a position. I worked this out with much success during my contest with Papke, for most of the time I had him pinned on the cords practically helpless (sec Fig. 23, p. 61). This was my plan of campaign, for being himself n wonderful in-flghtcr, I had 1,0 usc this stratagem to out-general his generalship. Opposed to a good out-fighter, so much Topefighting" is not necessary; for the while he is sending out straight lefts nnd long-rango rights, the oP110rtunitics for dosing in arc manifold. The most difficult man for the in-fighter to deal with is he whoso footwork' keeps him. constantly on the move. Such a boxer wants watching as a cat watches a mouse, for, unless the in-fighter be very sure of his attack, It fast-footed opponent will often side-Rt>t\pn. rush and make the former look foolish.
U

Pill. 9-RUlhlil!l11l1 OPPOIU~l1t the Ropee. 10

'lJiB ART O~" J'l"-FWnT1KG.

THE

ART O.l!'

rx

FIGIITDl"G.

31

Too much of this is necessarily detrimental, not only to I he in-fighter's stamina, but also Irom the fad; that it influences tho referee or judges to be highly impressed with his adversary's cleverness. In-fighting and footwork are alienated. This is obvious, seeing t.hat the most effectual work of the in-Jlghbera is nccomplishcd when mcbtlity is impossible. Therefore, I rcpea.t, to continually seck close fighting with such an opponent is but to create au unfavourable impression. Therefore. Whl;'11 meeting a "ring scorcher," Jot 11im come to you. Ho must clinch at some time or another, then bring your in-fighting batteries into act.iou. That he may not he able to break away before you have punished him some, it is advisable, the 'while you arc doing this, to bring all the necessary ,- pu-hjng " power into your blows, and thu-s force your UH~n to t.hc ropeo. Once there, the punching should become crisp and sharp.
Checklag Stopplog Left the Boxer with a Good Left. the Ribs.

Lead and gettlna:

in to Punch

A boxer with a good. left will naturally mukc ample usc of that particular member during the whole of a contest. It therefore wants watching aud stopping. The out-fighter will invariably block the punch with his right, cross-counter it. with right 1,0 the [aw, or counter with lelt. While sometimes carrying out these excellent mn.xirua, the in-fighter has yet other meeua 1,y which he may not only effectually nullify the left lead, but thus make en opening for close-mage punches to tho ribs, liver

and heurt.. Of course, it: fIIay not succeed every time, but the devusta.tion wroughton nn opponent's body during these periodical at.tacks soon begins to tell its tale. As will be seen in the illustrutdon (Fig. 5, p- 21), the getting outside of u lcft lead, and pushing sarue aside with the right, tends to overbalance the opponent and nullify his possible punch with the right. This leaves the body exposed for the in-fighter's left on any vulnerable part of the body. This parbioulur movement requires Ii. deal of pmctice, the necessary assurance being acquired only after long acquaintance wit.h its intricacies. It looks simple, but as the pa.rry must be effect ed as shown, namely, above the opponent's elbow, I should advise plenty of trials ill the" gym" before trying: it in a. ring. It will then become almost an instiucb, but as I said above, this partdcular move must be varied with the out fighLing method of couutcraotdug the left lead to face, It. is always bad policy to keep 011 doing the same thing during a contest, Tho better boxer is often he, who, by his orutt, baffles his opponent all through a bout.
St ae-stepptng Left, and the getting Heart. Dome with LeU on

This movement resembles the last in many respects, but instead of pushing aside the left ue before, the in-fighter must aide-step it, thus leaving the oppoucntza heart. exposed for a left, hook. Having delivered this punch, the right is able to follow up with a. " dig " to the ribs.

32

TilE

ART

o.e-

i.N-FIOJ(TI.:W.

As will be seen, it is almost .impcsslbla for nn opponent to retaliate in time, for his own loft acts us a guard for one's head, thus rendering his right harmless. His only hope in such <I. case is it) clinch. bu(as the two before-mentioned punches have pre.sutnnbly done some damage, this getting to close quarters by the opponent is but playing into the infighter's hands. Should tho former see fit to step back instead of clinching, that is Lhc mouieut to force close quarters by ru-hing him to the ropes and t.hcre ccntinning the body work until thc referee breaks. A~ni1l be SCCIl [rom the Illustration. a certain amount ol risk must he taken in get.ting one's head outside the lett lead, but having successfully accomplished tho side-stopping moverucut, all is plain ~ailing. It is here necessary for me to explain that, next to the punch to the pit of the stomach, a blow under or near t·he heart is pcrhap:i the most devastating anywhere on the body, .In either Instance the man eu punished is liable to take an excursion to the boards for nny count, up to the out."
H

GuardiDg ugat o st Dang er when Attackiag. A Left Jolt to Pluc e the Deadly Right.

This is one o[ the moat important factors ill infighting, 118 it is, by the way; a.t long-range work. Ln the former case, however, its virtues arc all. the more salient, seeing that the in-fighter, if HoL very skilled, courts a deal of dnuger. It is therefore incumbent upon him, when about to get totclosc quarters, to thiuk as much of the possibilities of receiving a nasty blow as of giving SAD1e.

FIA.I0

'l"hl'UvtTPUDch,

MrI(lr Clitchln&OPI>oneIl1'.R1ahton

the

Ner.k.

32

TilE

ART

o.e-

i.N-FIOJ(TI.:W.

As will be seen, it is almost .impcsslbla for nn opponent to retaliate in time, for his own loft acts us a guard for one's head, thus rendering his right harmless. His only hope in such <I. case is it) clinch. bu(as the two before-mentioned punches have pre.sutnnbly done some damage, this getting to close quarters by the opponent is but playing into the infighter's hands. Should tho former see fit to step back instead of clinching, that is Lhc mouieut to force close quarters by ru-hing him to the ropes and t.hcre ccntinning the body work until thc referee breaks. A~ni1l be SCCIl [rom the Illustration. a certain amount ol risk must he taken in get.ting one's head outside the lett lead, but having successfully accomplished tho side-stopping moverucut, all is plain ~ailing. It is here necessary for me to explain that, next to the punch to the pit of the stomach, a blow under or near t·he heart is pcrhap:i the most devastating anywhere on the body, .In either Instance the man eu punished is liable to take an excursion to the boards for nny count, up to the out."
H

GuardiDg ugat o st Dang er when Attackiag. A Left Jolt to Pluc e the Deadly Right.

This is one o[ the moat important factors ill infighting, 118 it is, by the way; a.t long-range work. Ln the former case, however, its virtues arc all. the more salient, seeing that the in-fighter, if HoL very skilled, courts a deal of dnuger. It is therefore incumbent upon him, when about to get totclosc quarters, to thiuk as much of the possibilities of receiving a nasty blow as of giving SAD1e.

FIA.I0

'l"hl'UvtTPUDch,

MrI(lr Clitchln&OPI>oneIl1'.R1ahton

the

Ner.k.

TlfF.

ART 0])' IN-FIGHTDW. Ayoi"'inl!:

'l'RF. - ART OF IN-FIGltTTKG. 3 Driving Right. Blockln~ l'unching Slom;lch. the Left,

35
and

Rome hexers there are who will at,tn,f'k an opponent, with bu I, one set object" namely, to del iver a. cer-tain Ianoied punch. Irrespective of a possibly dangerous counter nt.teck, these mon will wade into an opponent for the Hole ptlrpose of accomplishing thnf which is in their mind, The in-fighter's thoughts should rest on the two possibilities, and. thus proceed on tho necessary cnnbion and generalship. A" will be seen in Fig. 7' my object WIlS to get the right J1fHTle to tho pit of the stomach.
The In_lo'lghtcr'.!i most Deadly Poncho

This if!. undoubtedly the most dea-dly in-fighting punch possible, and means decisive victory if P''!" perly udministered. In trying for this, however, it must be remembered that a right may come along and upset our plan. Therefore the left is brought up to the opponent's chin almost. eimultuneoualy with tho right drive to the mark. H successful the left jolt should send your man's head back, a movement which causes tho muscles of his stomach to relax. As will be seen in the illustration, the infighter leaves his face open somewhat for his opponent's left. But admitting that the former bas not been successful with the said attack, the left may be quickly brought round to cover or the head lowered into the right shoulder, thus protecting the jaw. This last movement would naturally cause the o.pponeat's left to lam} 011 the head and not the chin.

The opponent, in t-his l)idUl'~ ht:.H L.\-l'3h,Cd out ~th the righf but the quid{-\\itkcl in-fighter s move ra to t oc wude into hie mall and make the punch noneffectual t.hut is, presuming the said right hand punch h:\s been a straight ~i..riveto ~he eh.in, not ~ hook or swing. The dodging of th18. delivery, b:) quickly stcpplng in with ~le head slightly ?ll .one side. bas the effect of cnrrymg your opponent a right clea~ out of its straight course, so to spe~k, and making it shoot oyer the shoulder. . The Impetus created by the sending Iort.h of the said punch, .and the missing of same, is such that you are well into close quarters before your ~mlJlc,nn regain his pr~per striking equilibrium. SeeIng. himself .thus forcibly brought into close contact \~'1th tho ru fighter, the opponent will try to do 1\ b~t of short-ra~gc work himself. and his right arm being momentarily out of action, .the possibilit.ies nrc that he will attempt a half-arm left hook to your now exposed chin, You must watch this, and catch the punch in the palm of your right hand, at the same time driving the left to the stomach. The result of this will invariablv be to compel your opponent to bring his right bu~k to protect tho bod.y, ~l '.vhich case the in-fighter's left must get outeide It 111 an upward hook to tho ohin. T?i$ ID~Y lead to a~ exchange at oloso quarters, during which the expertenced in-fighter should again have thi.ngs a good d,eal his own way. Of course, there 1:0; no knowing exactly what an opponent will do; but as r havo C2

32

'.rHE ART OF rN-FIOllTING.

As will bo seen, it is almost. impcseible for .an oppcnent to retaliate ill time, for his own left acts as a. guard for one's head, thus rendering his right hal'mlcds. His only hope in such a. ease is to clinch, hut:as the two before-mentioned punches have pre- \ suma.bly dono some damage, this getting to close quarters by the opponent is but playing into the intighter's hands. Should the former see lit to step back instead of clinching, that is the moment to force close quarters by rushing him to the ropes and tbere continuing the body work until the referee breaks. As will he seen from the .illuetrutiou, <L certein amount of risk must bo taken in getting one's head outside the left lead, but having successfully accom plisherl the side-stepping movement, all is plain sailing. It is here neccsso,l'Y for mo to explain tll<Lt, next to the punch to the: pit of the stomach, a. blow undor or near t.hc heart is perhaps the most devasta.t.ing anywhere on tho body. Ju either instance tbe man so punished it'! liable to lake un excursion to the boards for any count, up to the

" out.."

GUluding agat os t Dang er when Attacking. A Left Jolt to Pj ac e the Deadly Right.

In the former case, however, its virt.ucs arc all. the 11100:C snlicnt, ~ccirrg that tho in-fighter, if not very
[I.,

This .is one of the most import.ant factot'~ in infighLing, a.~ .it. is, by the way; ;\·t long-range work

skilled, courts deal of danger. It is therefore incumbent upon him, when about to get to 'close quarters, to think asvmuch of the poseibilibice of receiving a nasty blow IlS of giving same.

"Ig.

100Tbel,lv'1I'

Punch,

after

catchlngOpp<lnClIt''iRitht

lin tbeNedc.

c

TTTl: Al~T OF IN-FIGIITING.

THF. ART OF IN-FIGHTDIQ. Avoiding:1 Driving Rllthl, Blocking Punching Stomach. me Left,

35
and

an opponent with hut uno set object, namely, to deliver n certain fancied punch. Irrospective of <:1. possibly dangerous counter-at.tack, these men will wade into an opponent for tho sole purpose of accompliahing that which is in their mind. The in-fighter's 'thoughts should rest on the Lwo poeaibflitdea, and thus proceed on the neccssa.r-y caution and generalship. As will he seen in Fig. 7' my object was to get the right home to the pit of the stomach,
The (n-Fighter's mod Deadly Pu nch ,

!~Home boxers there are who will attack

This is undoubtedly the most deadly in-fighting punch possible, and means decisive victory if properly adminiatored, In trying for this, however, it muau be remembered that a right. may come along aud upeot our plan. Therefore the left ia brought up to the opponent's chin almost simultaneously with the right drive to tho mark. Tf successful the left jolt. should send your man's head back, a movement which causes the muscles of his stomach to relax. As will be seen in the illustration, the infighter leaves his face open somewhat for his opponent's left. But admitting that the former has not been successful with the said abtaok, the left. may be quickly brought round to cover cr the head lowered into the right shoulder, thus protecting the jaw. 1'hil'l last movement would naturally cause the opponent's left to land on the head and not the chin.

The OPPOllOHt iu this l)~('Lllr~ h".1:'[md~,~tlout :vith the right, but the quick-witted in-fighter a move IS to at once wade into his man and make t:he ~uneh noneffectual, that. is, presuming the said rl~ht hand punch has been a st.raigh~ drive to ~ho C~Ul, not ~ hook or swing. The dodging of tbL.: delivery, b) quickly stepping ill with ~hn head slightly ?n .one side, bas the effect '?£ carryrug your opponent S fight clean out of its straight course, so t~,spc?,k, and making it shoot ave]' the shoulder .. I'hc 1T11pCtus created by tho sending forlh of the enid punch, .and the misalng of same, is such tha.t you ~re ~cll into close quarters before your man can regnm hIS pr~pcr striking equilibrium. Seeing himself thus forci hly brought into close contact with tho in-fighter, the opponent will try to do a. b~t of short-raI_lge work himself, and his right arm being momeI_ltarily out of action, the possibilities are that he will attempt 3half-arm left hook to your now exposed chin.' You must watch this, and catch the punch in tho palm of your right. hand, ab the same time driving the left to the stomach. The result of this will Inva.rtnbly be to compel youI' opponent to bring his right back to protect the body, in which case the in fighter's left must get outside it in an upward hook to tho chin. T.his m~y lead to n~ exchange at close quarters. during which the expertonccd in-lighter should again have things a good d.cal his own way. Of 1:01l1·!'.(', then' j" no knowing exactly whe.t, nn OPPOlH'JJt. \\ ill (10; INt· as I hnve C
:!

36

THE ART OF IN.]j'IGll'l'ING.

written elsewhere. the thorough (ligcst,ing of this work, followed by plenty of practice, should breed tho in-fight.ing instinct in most of my readers enthusiastically bent upon acquiring same.
FQrCing an Opponent to the Ropes.

As I have said elsewhere, the most deadly infighting is served out to an opponent when he is on the ropes. The point, therefore, is to get him there as often as possible. Rugged boxers waut a deal of hustling, while those wlto depend mostly on mobility, Or fast footwork, are difficult to catch. But even these must at some time or another find thems~lves off their balance, or should I sa'y that it should be tho in-fighter's object to effect this unsteadiness of foot? The hit, stand, and get-away boxer may never bring about this desirable state of affairs himself, Iur having scored with a punch, ho usually skips back to coutcmplato the effeou of his shot. This allows the opponent to regain any slight overbalancing that UIO blow may have caused. The in-fighter, au the contrary, must at oneo follow up i;l, hard punch, and by so doing create a further unsteadiness in his opponent's equipoise. That is the moment to rush him, thus compelling the retreat-ing boxer to lose his left foothold and fall back on the right. In the illustration, :I!"'ig.9, Madole's full weight at that moment is on one leg, so that he is forced to step back to avoid falHng alto. gother. The in-fighter must not relax his forward movement until he has his man well up against the ropes. The impact thus created win force most

FI.lI.ll-Wlltc:h1Da lour Oppon-ent'. L~ M(lvetncnllJ.

38

'l'.lrJiJ

AR'l'

oi-

IN-:FIG-R'L'L'IG.

boxer .. to bend their bach over the top cord, this mOl"cment. causing them to It'R\"c their stomachs open for the in-flghtr-r's demousLting work. Al:I in nl1 other moves of the boxiug ganu-, the infighter must choose the psychological moment to rush hi.:) opponent. If this does not present. itself, then he must use all his In-fighting strategy to make it. For it must ho rcmcm bercd that one of the greatest arts in hexing is creating favourable opportunitles for oneself; that is to :;;ay, lI!:1illg every honest mean" to compel an opponent to do j ust the vcry thing t1ll'l.t he himself W011ld avoid. That il'l where generalship comes ill, i.,hat ever necessn,ry element in all cngagementa wherein tho" fortunes of war " play un unuortant part.
The Liver Punch.

Alt.er the stomach ami heart. the liver is the most vulnerable part of a. be... xcr's body, that is, now that the kidney punch has been barred. This measure meant Lhe taking away of a. valuable point of vantage for tile in-fighter, inasmuch as the kidneys W01'6 the easiest p.ut of a. man to punch, while iucun-inp tbe minimum of risk. .Nevertheloss, it is perhaps as well fOI' the boxing game, .. aud boxers generally. that these ch-licutc regions were ruled out and declared forhiddcu ground. l'hhl action was extrr-mely unfavollnh!e to tho dose ra.nge expert, but it ... necessary, .if only Iruui the fact of the dctcrio'>'as ration of a boxer", health after having been severely mauled by tho kidney fiend. Personally I never made much use of the punch so that its exclusion was but a small loss to me.

Fig.

l:l-'J."bll

Right

UT'f'cr-Cul

tn

the

.Jaw.

arteE'

Dueldnll

')'OW'

OI)pun~Dt'~ Rl.:t,h!.

40

THE AR1' OF Th-FIGlI',L'IKG.

IJl its place 1 made a study of the liver punch, which. although less painful, plays no small pnrt in all cpponcug'e undoing. As with all in-tigbting puncLe:s. it is best uelh'el't:'d when your man is on the ropes, but that. docs not necessarily imply thut, it cannot he tried at ony ether moment, and failing being able to reach his man, the in-fighter must. await a right swing, or hook, from his opponent, catch same on the neck, and close in. 'When doing this, always keep your eye un the left tUa.t may Come lIP unpleasa.ntly near your chin. The right should be ready to stop this, while your left is driven to the liver. The blow is cloerlj- illustrated in Fig. 10 (p. 33), and with a Iitt.le practice should add yet one morn weapon to a boxer's arsenal. Should the opponent's left be slow in coming, then thero is a splendid opportunity i 0 smash your right nome to his spleen, llmI thus complete the full object of yow' incursion to closo qunrtors. Few boxers can take many punches on the liver 01' spleen without weakenIng. Fitzsimmons knew this, and made an nrf of this partioula.r blow, U::I well as the shift-punch to the stomach. As he was perhaps tho greatest JUiddle-weight who ever lived, these specialities of his need no further recommendation.
Watch an Oppoo~n.t·s L<!'gs, Knees, When Hugging. and Feet

As it Is mostly impossible, when at close quarters, to watch an oppouenn'g eyes (it being advisable to keep the heud down), my advice is, watch his feet. These arc often indic:at.i\'() of u boxer's intcntion, for

Fla.

Il-Tbe

Rlabt

Hook

to the

J'nw.

4.2

'I'lilt AnT~

OF

TN-FJGH'l'UlG,

the least forward movement moaus that he is himself trying to get dU!)QI.' in for short-range work. If, on tho contrary, his feet show a. tendancy to retreat, then you may rest assured that your opponent does not fancy close exchanges, Should the position, as shown in Fig. 11 (p. 37). be unfavoura.ble to effectual body pasting, then the in-fighter ma.y either allow his man to step away, or do so himself, in the hope of securing e. more suitable opening for his particular talents. Apart. from that, it is always Interesting to know tho exact effect of a punch on an opponent, and this if'! possible by a glance at his legs and knees. These parts seem to be in strange sympathy with the upper pan, of a man's body, and will at once by their firmness, or relaxation, communicate to the experienced eye the amount of damage done by ablow. Thus it iR that we hear of a boxer" going groggy at the knees," or that his «legs shook" after a. certain punch, If such an effect is produced by a long-range delivery it is obvious to the giver, for the receiver of the punch will Insensibly " give himself away." But in the cast' of a " kncc-bemljug" punch ut close quarters, what indication can the in-fighter have that the blow has been effectual, save by a glance at his opponent's legs ~ The first symptoms will be, that a boxer so plugged brings his whole weight, to bear on you, Having gleaned so much, und lowered yourself to allow the Iull weight of your opponent's body to fall on his legs, your suspicions will bo either verified or negutdved.
H '1

I"I~, I'--Thl!

Pullcb to thl! Heart.

Thl! fl!Su.lt

of

Jl

Preconcelvl!d

Delfvcey,

4.4

THE ART OF IN-FraU'UNG. J:o'cigniug "Grogginess."

There are boxers who will bring their histrionic t&lont,g to bear on a contest and feign " grogginess," in the hope of drawing you into a trap. Now, although this is more 5ucee,"IsfIl1 when practised while out-fighting, such ruses are not infrequent at cloeo quarters, In the cage of an opponent showing signs of distress, either feigned Or real, it is the in-fighter's duty to immediately break clear, quickly survey the situation, and either keep away or drive the final punches home a.t a long 01' short range, 'according to his judgment.
Ducking 110 Opponent's Rigbt SWing, Steppi[]g' in with Right ucnee.cc-, au d Driving Left to the Stomach. The l!';yeli and the Brain,

'I'his is an exceedingly pretty part of the in-fighting a..rt; one, however, that should be well mastered before taking its possi ble risks. As the head has to play the master part of ducking the right swing, a. deal of pructioo iii u.ece8Sary to know exactly when and how 1M the move is prnctioa.l)le. As in all phases of the Noble Art, the eye must accustom itself to possibilities, just as the brain must respond at once to the visual appreciation of danger or of open~ inga for attack. The eyes are the outposts of the mind, so to speak, the transmission of its obsorva; tdons being carried with momentary rapidity to the centre of action-or headquarters. Quick-wittedness ill boxing may be developed by COI1<.lcntratioll during one's boxing, that is, ~t boxer must not for a single iustaut during a contest let

Fill, 15-LookinQ

up fQr an OpenillJl

to tne Jaw.

44

'l'H£

kRT

OF IX-FTGR-rING. "Grogginess."

}'cignini'

There arc boxers who ' .... bring their histrionic ill talents to bear on a. contest and feign" grogginess," in the hope of drawing you into a trap. Now, although this is more successful when practised while out-fighting, such ruses are not infrequons at close quarters. In the case of an opponent showing signs of distress, either feigned Or real, it is tho in-figh~r's duty to immediately break clear, quickly survey the situation, and either keep away or drive the final punches home at a IOILg 01' short range, according to his judgment.
Ducking au Opponent's RlghtSwlng, Right Upper-cut, and Driving Lett The Eyes and the Stepping In with to the Stomach_

Brain.

This i~ an exceedingly l)cctty pn.rt of the in-fighting art; 0110, however, that should be well mastered before taking ite posaible risks. A:s tile head has to play the master (l[\.rt of ducking the right awing, !-J, deal of practice is l.Locessa.ry to know exactly when and how far the move is practica.ble. As in all phases of the Noble Art, the eye must accustom itself to possibilities, just as tho brain must respond at ouce to the visual apprecia.tion of danger or of openings for a.ttack. The eyes are t.he outposts of the mind, so to apeak, tho transmission of its observationa being ca,t'ried with momentary .rapidity to the centre of action-or headqu<l.r'ter8. l;!uick-wittednesf:I in boxing may be Jc~·elol)tlU. by conccntr.at.inn dm·jllg onu'« boxiog, thnt, is, a boxer must, Hot 101' a sillgh.l iustant during a contest Jet

Fig.

J5~Looklng

up for IlD Openlna

10 tbe

Jaw,

46

Tn:m ART

OF IN-lTIaHTfNG.

ilL'! imugina.tiun wnudor from hi'! work. 'Pho sumo l'o(J(Jllllllellcia.tioll applies to tho boxer when in the gyrr'masium, for Lho Iack of interest in one-a practice brir'tgs on laxity of mind at, A.Utimes. '["he beginner, especially, must realise that the boxing game is full of traps and surprlses, thll,~the eve must be tra.ined to sec these, and that the brain ~llS t work conjunctively in surmounting difficulfies, It, i:9 necessary to impress these t.binga firmly on the minds of thoso about, to attempt the movement of ~""ig. 12. Ravjng well rcaaoued out the possibilities of clangor that an untimely or badly-exccuLed lowering of the head may mean, let the reader praca::.:eit us often as possible, until the ducking becomes almost instinctive. Rome was not built in a. day and it may take some thno before this phase, ns nil othea'e, by the way, is mastered sufficiently to he fried with safety during n, real contcst. OnCD acquired, if, is ns simple as it is effectual, and rnearas a. big jump toward victory, if not the flna l step -to that desit'able end. . The missing of a right swing by an opponent usual Iy means the slight losing of hi."! equilibrium. This ifwt prevents, him from bringing his left into motion in time to avoid the in-fighter's close-quarter upper-cut. Having ducked his right. the natural overb-alancing or his body brings his ohin into a direct upward line for the successful placing of your punoh , as shown in the illustration. Before he can recover, the left may be easily driven to the stomach, tho wficle of which will load to your man clinching, thcrclcn'e the coming in for more short-runge punish-

F18. l6-Gett!ng home with tbe RIght Arm

J,)It.

48

THE

ART OF IN-FIGHTING.

ment, As will be readily observed, the successful issue of a.11t,hi,; depends entirely upon the IJro_l.ler ducking of your opponent's right swing at the psychological moment. The long-range boxer often ducks the same punch, but steps back in doing so. 'I'he in-fighter differs in Lhat he must lower his head in a forward movement, thus preparing himself for the right upper-cut 10 the jaw and left body deliveries. A close study of the picture depicting this phase "ill convince anybody of its efficacy.
Rigllt A Remedy Hook to the Jaw. Boxer.

for the Pushing

Although this punch may be given at all kinds of favourable moments, it. should never be missed with t.he opponent who tries to push you 8.wa.y._ The man who has suffered a good deal of body punishment from the in-flghter nnt.urally docs 0..1.1 11v can to avoid the Iabtct's continual" Loring in," {or, ubovo all things, the close-range boxer must be on top of hiH man most of the time. The gamest of boxers get dig. hcm-tencd at these perpetual onelaughta, and seek every possible means of either keeping the in-fighter u.t 0.. safe distance or of pushing him away when danger threatens. Having, however, got to within easy striking distance, you will Hot times find your opponent making use of his hands to push you away. He isnot holding, but just offering It desperate resistance to your advance. Dangerous as this proceeding is, numerous boxers will employ it in sheer desperation or pique. Of course, it is but naking for trouble,

~"i~. 17-Par

..1YIlI.,g on Opponwt's

Arm. by

Puncblnll

his Dtccptl,

D

52

i'HE

AR.T OF IN-FlORTING,

liken tills to the good billiard player, who not only plfJ.Ytl for tho particular shot on the table, but for others to follow, His mind is a.lways centred on tho play to eonle, and he mllnivulates t.he balls accordingly, 80 it should be with the boxer. In either delivering U1' stopping e, punch, lie should have ulterior motives in his thoughts, Although an opponent, may prevent those from tuuterialieing, their rellli::mtioll will come SOoner or. later, for a conscientious boxer's maxim should always he: "Try, try again!" Anyhow, in the case of the phase depicted In Fig. 14, the defensive object is hut subsccvfcnt to the oJIcn~ivo. Having forced himself to close quarters, the infigh tel' is here faced with tho possible danger of a left to the face and l'ight 1,(1 the body, His object, as must ruw.<J..y::; be the case, is natm'al1y to administer puuiahment, the while he himself modifies the possibilities of receiving same. Having .slightly 8ide-~tepped the left, allowing it to brush past. the ear, the in-fightel' hold. .. his opponent's eight in check, the while he himself smashes his owu right to the heart. In this case, both the defensive (or natural law) has succeeded, as well as the preconceived plan of attack.
Preconception in Boxing.

Unfortnna.tely. preconception in boxing is very limited, lor one never quit-o knows what an Opponent will UO, BillilJ..l'd playerl$ may plan a UOZCIl shots ahead, but. the boxer iR lucky if he can occasionally bring off such advantages as tho one described in this chapter. There arc IrlODlcnt.s, however, when

54

TnE

ART

OF 1l\~-FIQllTTN'O.

rill opponent ls made to fall into ce r tain trouble ill spite of himself. 'T'ha.t. is whe-re the more expertonced boxer gotl:; tho better of another.
Recollnoitriog \,..hen at Close Quarters.

_41though having written in a previous chapter that it is rarely possible to usc the eyes for" survey. .ing " purposes while in close quarters, occasions do arise when this reconnoitring is of much advantll.go, that is, when presuming that the opportunity foe so doing be given by an opponent. Having proceeded into a lcck-clinoh, thi1t is, when attack on either side seems hopeless, the moment. ie opportune for glancing ab your man's jaw, the object being to sec if it is in a position for a. right jolt. If auch be the case, then is the time to work tho right gradually into a. position for executing :\,0111' project. Care must be taken that your own right be well over your opponent's left, thus balding it in check. Otherwise, this peep from cover may provo costly. Your man's right must also be held in such a. manner as to prevent any ad ..on on it!'! part .. i If, when rushing to close quarters, the in-fighter's position is not as shown in Fig. 15, then he musb so manooune his arms and legs as to bring it about. Once accompliahed, he can risk bhe above-mcutloned "~llrvey " in tho hope of finding the jaw exposed fmnutack. If this proves to be as hoped, then is the in-fighter's moment to strike, andstrike quickly.
l'l&cing the Right_Atm JoU.

Having well worked his right to the inside of l)is man's lcIL, e.nd holding it in cheek as shown in

f,O

'lITE ART OF l'x-FIOHTIN(}.

Fig. Hi, tho possibility of receiving a Jdt. is thus prevented. It now remains for the in-fighter to pUS}1 his opponent back by n jerk on hid biceps, the brusq·\.1e movement startli.ng him. This ruse is necessary to momentarily trouble his mind. as to the meaning of RlICh a ~trallge practice. As the said pushing is undertaken without precisely holding the biceps, there ie little fear of the referee separntdng the combntants before tho in-fighter has delivered his contemplated jolt-punch under the chin, As the effect of this blow is calculated to send the receiver's head back, thus disturbing his presence of mind, there should eriso an opportunity to draw the Jf'fL a·way from tho opponent's right biceps and hook same to the body, This punch, however, is quite supplementary, and only possible if circumstances will nllow, for the opponent will possibly catch hold of your Jeft arm in an endca vour to save himself from reeling backward as the result of the objective punch, l.e., u jolt under tho chin. 'Ibis last-named is a. most damaging blow if delivered with something of a lift from the shoulder, that is to say, it should carry the full force that would be employed in llfting a heavy dumb-bell.
The Jab.

It must 110L be confounded with the ja.b, which i~ but a rap to the face or body, carrying but trivial consequences. Thc expression "jabbing a man's head off," although often used by wr-it P.I"I:I, is sometimes an inaccurate description of a series after series of half-arm left Dicks. Althol.lgh the process maYlobe

00

THE ART OF IN-FIGHTDlG.

are several way" of administering this, i.c., either by driving your right. on to your opponent's gloved fist, which at the Li ruo is protecting the" mark" (pit of the stomach). or by a smashing blow on hie biceps. In the fir,'ll instance the impact of the punch. if delivered with force, should canse your opponent's o-wn fist to xink into his stomach, thus perhaps "knocking himself out." so to speak. In any case, such a delivery can but be advantageous to the ant' who gets it welt home, and distinctly uncomfortable for 1.110 other fellow. I have seen other boxers do this with v,q,ryjng effect. It is worth trying when opporf.un! Iy calli;.
Punching the Bleeps.

The punch Oil the biceps is equally alarming to nn opponent, for lln- result is sometimes of a no 1$.':1 painful nature than the above-mentioned stomach arm punch. The continual punching of a -man's upper arm must, sooner or later, l)rjng Oil a state of paralysis. As the result of such maulings a boxer will often be forced to retire, actually believing that his arm is broken. A blow on what is known as the" funny Lone ". which, by the WRY, is not a bone at all, but u nerve-produces much the same effect. But as the part.icular spot in that case is difficult to lind, and the seeking for it may me-an the wasting of many punches, the ill-fighter should turn his attention to tho hiccps , The rule, therefore, is, that when no other put-t of an opponent's body is atteckuble go for his erma.

62

THE ART OF IN-FIGHTING.

Knocking

a Miln

out

by

Punching

his

Gloved

Fist.

results.

I hav-e knocked II man out who was covering his jaw by punching the gloved hand that was shielding tha.t vulnerable point. Of course, my olJponent was so unprcptued for such an attack, and felt himself 80 secure, that he did not even attempt to counter the blow. He tried it on others later-with good

:J\Ia.ny pugilistic prudes will no doubt look upon this arm-punching as rather sharp practice, many degrees rcmovl.,'(] from what these gentlemen would call the «clean style," but I maintain that a boxer's chief aim while in the ring is to beat hie opponent. So long as he docs this honestly, his manner of arriving a·t that desirable end surely concerns him alone.
Old·Fashiooed Methods,

'l'bere arc SOme people WIlD abhor any but what are known as" old-fashioned methods, but boxing, like all things, has gone ahead since those da.YB, and the sooner young boxers realise this, the SOQUel.' will . they secure world honoUl's. I maintain that infighting is an all too-neglected art, one full of new illterests, and not ugly to wlltch-when understood. The art of self-defence surely implies the power and Ineall8 to defend oneself at all times. How can n. boxer do full credit to this doctrine and himself, if only partially armed for it l In-fighting is a. fOl'midable adjunct to the integrul art of bOXing,
H

64
Brellking

TO

,tH'r

OF IN-FIGIITL'{C. Ilparl t3 Facilitate.

THE ART OF IN-FIGHTllfG.

au Opponent's Arms no Atrack.

This l'~ujres I;l. deal of dexterity and quickness of for 11l the- event of missing tho movement, there danger of tak~g a right~or left to the jaw. ., A goo~ defcll!:ilVO out-fighter is often difficult to' get a~.' He will even creep up to the in-tighter, the while he keeps e, protective guard, and hook a punch ~efore the latter can stop it. HaVlng studied this particular tendency in au O[~l)Qncnt, the thing is to find a means whereby he may b~ made to pay for his temerity. Havlllg allowed him to get near enough, it 1" neCeSflary to sll,ddenly J?enetrate inside his guard, and, as .shown In the picl.urc of Fig. 18, violcntlv thrust hIS arms aside. If this be done sharply, the movement executed with force, the shock will unbalan~e your opponent's mind and Icga, causing an, openmg for a right half-arm upper-cut to the chill; TW",. parficular breaking apart of an opponen." ~ arm 18, wonderfully efficacious, but tho opportUllitIe~ for Its accomplishment are rare, although prcsenung the.n~elV08 occasionally during a contest. ~sh?~ld. not advias a boxer to attempt it until be has familiarised himself with the move, and feels himself capable of, taking a chance now and thon; for in boxing, as III most things, one must often take risks to bring of! big deals.
~lyC, IS

Parts, I thought Olll,t these might prove interesting. depicting as they do various phases of the in-fighting art. As they represent actual facts, occurring during real combat, no better idea could be given of the efficacy of close-quarter boxing; for even while "posing for the numerous photos in this book, there necessarily exists an artificial atmosphere of selfconsciousness.
Punching the Opponent who Holds.

and

Some [n-FlghtiDg

Phases

taken

from

Actual

Conted"

Being in posscH.sion of a few pictures of the various contests that I have cngaged in during my stay in

As 'will be seen in the accompanying picture of my contest with Coorgea Carpentier at Dieppe, the Frenchmen has my right in chancery, thus preventing my using it either to the body or for hooking to the jaw. In such an event, the in-fighter must at once draw his left arm welt back from obstruction, and use same to the stomach. The referee is here seen stepping up to separate us, but as I had one arm {roo, and it was Carpentier who was holding me, no break should have been enforced until we were both holding. The rulo of in-fighting is that a man may punch an opponent so long as the former has one or both bands available. In this Instance Illy loft ann was free, and although I cannot remember whether T was allowed to use it-which is doubtful seeing the referee's close proximity-I evidently was rigbtly about to do ,,0. This reminds me that the in-fighter is 11 great deal at the mercy of the third man in a ring, for the breaking two boxers, when their position does not exactly call for the order, is favouring (unwittingly perhaps) the long-range boxer. IIo\V~ ever, we have to take the good with the bad in

or

"

68

THE An!]' OF IN-FIGnTING.

silencing oue gun, so to speak. In the course of my contest with Marcel Moreau at Aix-les-Bain .... the , latter frequently had recourse to this (see }'ig. 21) mode of defence, which is invariably a suro sign that a man is not particularly keen on close-range exqhanges. The boxer addicted to tha.t practice will, in almost every c-ase, simultaneously seek to get hold of your other arm. \Vhile the opponent is thus occupied it should be the in-tighter's plan to keep IJi~ free urm from being also put Out of action, and, as in the present case, hook same to the jaw. The mun who holds desperately is not inclined to mix matters at close quarters, his mind being far too occupied with defensive precaut.iona. Almost the same thing occurs in the phase shown in Fig. 22, oxccpt ths.t )loreau has grasped my left ann, aa it was making for hi" stomach, the while I nm about to hook him with the right. Judging by lis tactics, it wea soon apparent to me that 1. had to dcul with a boxer who did not relish in-figbt.ing. My mind being thus fixed, I bored in all the mere and won in four rounds. Apart from that, I found Moreau to he one of UH~ hardest-hitting boxers I have met in my career.
My Contest with Bill~' Papke .

Being au excellent in-fighter himself, 1 had more difficulty with Papke. The clushing of the idcnti(!l;I,l styleI'! nlC'A.IH:! much that would not OCCur when opposed to a mao possessed of but the out-fighting art. Papke if; equally clever at both styles, and this faot mode my battle with him all the more bitter and interesting. Although we both tried to

70

TilE ART OF IN-~'JGll·l'I~G.

knock each other (Jilt. in a reckless fil'~t. round, found that it was more prudent to out-general him in in-fighting, and gradually reduce. him to nought, 'I'his Luccornplished successfully, mostly by coutinned and direct attacks to his body, occasionally varied by SOOle long-range straight h-fts and right swings to the jaw. A:-I Taaid in the hcginuing of lhil-l book, my plan wux 1.0 force him 111'0 often as possible to the ropes (see Fig, ~3) and while there worry him, thereby allocting his morale. I soon realised that he was gradually givlug wny under the force of these onslaugbte, so repeated them as often a~ possible. Tn the picture the referee has just. ordered the :. break," and it will be noticed that, I a.m carrying out the order ill the safest manner possible, as hr-reaitcr described,
Br eakf ug n w ny- Safely.

Many a man has been beaten through «beer careIessncss while breaking away from a clinch after close-work fighting, A bcxor should alwnys live up to the belief that «o long as 'In opponent is in til e ring he is dnugerous, ; but ill case" is this bet. more potential than when breaking awav. Ro long us both man are free either call punch, and a quickfooted oppone-nt muv 6111a"h a blow home before yon have had lime to regain .'fOUl· protective guard. It is therefore advisable to keep a ehm-p eye on an adversary's eyes awl arms when k-a.vlng u clinch, at the same bime working YOO1' WJl so that he cannot O possibly catch you .• Oil the hop, " :,;0 to "peak, The experienced in-fighter will, therefore, get well inside
r('\\-

72 his opponent's arms nnd hold same in check in the manner shown ill the illustration, The JUan thus placed can neithe~ use his right nor left with any d~ee of success, If at all. There is a great deal in t~15, for having fin<illy stepped clear, it gives one time to regain one's natural guard, or 3,.1. once rush opponcue, according to the situation created by . C said break. Action must then rest on the exist. lUg possibilities, for jf tbe opponent has also assumed

TIlE

A.R1.'

os

W·b'IGH'l'INO.

73

!~C

:e:~I:,~~:~d the in-fightermust be guided
l::IoldiOIl ae Arm in Chancery.

by

his

necessary remedy handy. In trying a terrific right. swing, which he missed, owing to my having ducked same, Papke fell clean on to. a right punch to the stomach, supplemented by a left to the liver. As this happened. toward the end of the bout, when my opponent was already well on the road to defeat, it must have proved pretty disastrous. But all this does not alter the fa-ct that I took a. good many hard punches myself during those fourteen and a quarter rounds; they, however, meant my securing the middle-weight championship of the world.
Trnlnlng.

AH .w.as the case with Marcel Moreau (see Fig 91) B~lly Papke frequently lent himself to the cha:r:;,Z; teick, ~horeb'y ch?cki,~g my left, arm. In Fig. 24. P~pke IS seen holding, Just after having tried to hook h~ left. to the jaw, By sending my head down OIl ius shoulder, the punch lauded on the neck, 'I'his movement allowed me not only to see that the hody was exposed ~ a punch with my right, but facilitated my getting it there. It must have boon 0. ~;'et~yhard ono, .too for Papke's legs gave the signal .distress: mentioned elsewhere, Almost the sumo thmg occurs ~ the following picture, Papke holding ~y loIt arm ill submission while I used my right on his body.
l

Falling

on to 11Stomach

Punch,

Tbis :vas a rarer phase of my contest with Papke, one which occurs but seldom. Thlj in-fighter must hOWCVCL'/ be uwnke for all emergencies and have the

As a boxer's training methods seem to interest most 'people, I should like to sny a. few words all that particular subject. Apart from as much practice aa possible in the gymnasium in the hope of either perfecting already acquired knowledge, and gleaning more, a boxer's training should depend a great deal upon his own temperament. Apart from the stereotyped, irksome, but necessary methods of taking all weight, I think that some boxers work too hard. A good trainer should at once be able to gauge hi" man's working capacity, and not uuduly tax aame. Plenty of openait roadwork amid rural and health-giving surroundings is the principal item, with plenty of wholesome non-fat-producing foods. I would also recommend the .JiuJler* system of exercises as distinctly healthful, nnd invaluable for keeping fit when not in active tralulng, and particularly for strengthening the muscles of the abdomen
~ "e~ Atll'trtf~~ment on P"1;<l~iI.

74

THE ART OF IN-FlGHTINO.

and improving t.he wind. "Gym" work must be regulated according to one's requirements. For example, if one's wind. be not quite sound, then skipping should he prolonged. As ai! the other phases of a boxer's training are familiar, it but remains fOT me to thank all th08B who have given me their sympathy and support during my long tramp up the road that leads to pugilistic success, and to crave the indulgence of my readers for t.he shortcomings of this little book. My greaf hope is, that'it may be the means of doing as much good to those who study it as jt has to me by long practising of all its various points.

I " Far and away the best system of training for Boxers, Amateur or ProfessionaL"
This is what Mr. A. F. Bettinson the Manager of lhe National Sporting Club, and himself oneol the best amateur boxers England has ever produced. says about

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