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Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

Name and surname: ________________________________

1. Which two statements are true regarding link-state routing protocols? (Choose two.) a. They do not work well in networks that require special hierarchical designs. b. They are aware of the complete network topology. c. They pass their entire routing tables to their directly connected neighbors only. d. They offer rapid convergence times in large networks. e. They rely on decreasing hop counts to determine the best path. f. They do not include subnet masks in their routing updates. 2. Which three statements about routing protocols are true? (Choose three.) a. OSPF elects designated routers on multiaccess links. b. RIP does not support classless routing. c. EIGRP supports unequal cost load balancing. d. EIGRP uses broadcast traffic to establish adjacencies with its neighbors. e. RIP does not advertise a route beyond a hop count of 15. f. OSPF can convergence more quickly because it can find a feasible successor in its topology table when a successor route goes down. 3. What does RIP use to reduce convergence time in a larger network? a. It reduces the update timer to 15 seconds if there are more then 10 routes. b. It uses triggered updates to announce network changes if they happen in between the periodic updates. c. It uses random pings to detect if a pathway is down and therefore is preemptive on finding networks that are down. d. It uses multicast instead of broadcast to send routing updates. 4. Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator issues the command no ip classless on Router1. What forwarding action will take place on a packet that is received by Router1 and is destined for host 192.168.0.26?

a. The packet will be dropped. Page 1 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011 b. The packet will be forwarded to the gateway of last resort. c. The packet will match the 192.168.0.0 network and be forwarded out Serial 0/0. d. The packet will most closely match the 192.168.0.8 subnet and be forwarded out Serial 0/1 5. Refer to the exhibit. Router R1 is configured as shown in the exhibit. PC1 on 172.16.1.0/24 network can reach the default gateway on R1. The rest of the routers are configured with the correct IP addresses on the interfaces. Routers R2 and R3 do not have static or dynamic routing enabled. How far will PC1 be able to successfully ping?

a. router R1 Fa0/0 interface b. router R1 S0/0/0 interface c. router R2 S0/0/0 interface d. router R2 Fa0/0 and S0/0/1 interfaces e. router R3 Fa0/0 and S0/0/0 interfaces 6. Refer to the exhibit. All routers are properly configured to use the EIGRP routing protocol with default settings, and the network is fully converged. Which statement correctly describes the path that the traffic will use from the 10.1.1.0/24 network to the 10.1.2.0/24 network?

Page 2 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

a. It will use the A-D path only. b. It will use the path A-D, and the paths A-C-D and A-B-D will be retained as the backup paths. c. It will use all the paths equally in a round-robin fashion. d. The traffic will be load-balanced between A-B-D and A-C-D. 7. Which of the following should be considered when troubleshooting a problem with the establishment of neighbor relationships between OSPF routers? (Choose three.) a. OSPF interval timers mismatch b. gateway of last resort not redistributed c. interface network type mismatch d. no loopback interface configured e. administrative distance mismatch f. inconsistent authentication configuration 8. Refer to the exhibit. R1 knows two routes, Path A and Path B, to the Ethernet network attached to R3. R1 learned Path A to network 10.2.0.0/16 from a static route and Path B to network 10.2.0.0/16 from EIGRP. Which route will R1 install in its routing table?

Page 3 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011 a. Both routes are installed and load balancing occurs across both paths. b. The route via Path B is installed because the EIGRP route has the best metric to network 10.2.0.0/16. c. The route via Path A is installed because the static route has the best metric to network 10.2.0.0/16. d. The route via Path B is installed because the EIGRP route has the lowest administrative distance to network 10.2.0.0/16. e. The route via Path A is installed because the static route has the lowest administrative distance to network 10.2.0.0/16. 9. Refer to the exhibit. Based on the output from the show running-config and debug ip rip commands, what are two of the routes that are added to the routing table of R1? (Choose two.)

a. R 192.168.1.0/24 [120/1] via 172.16.2.1, 00:00:24, Serial0/0/1 b. R 192.168.100.0/24 [120/1] via 172.16.1.1, 00:00:24, Serial0/0/0 c. S 192.168.1.0/24 [1/0] via FastEthernet0/0 d. R 192.168.9.0/24 [120/1] via 172.16.2.1, 00:00:24, Serial0/0/0 e. R 192.168.2.0/24 [120/1] via 172.16.1.2, 00:00:24, Serial0/0/0 10. Refer to the exhibit. The network has three connected routers: R1, R2 and R3. The routes of all three routers are displayed. What can be verified from the output?

Page 4 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

R1 and R3 are connected to each other via the S0/0/0 interface. The IP address of the S0/0/0 interface of R1 is 10.1.1.2. The IP address of the S0/0/1 interface of R2 is 10.3.3.2. R2 is connected to the S0/0/1 interface of R3. 11. What is the function of the OSPF LSU packet? a. used to confirm receipt of certain types of OSPF packets b. used to establish and maintain adjacency with other OSPF routers c. used to request more information about any entry in the BDR d. used to announce new OSPF information and to reply to certain types of requests 12. Which of the following are primary functions of a router? (Choose two.) a. packet switching b. microsegmentation c. domain name resolution d. path selection e. flow control 13. Refer to the exhibit. All router interfaces are configured with an IP address and are operational. If no routing protocols or static routes are configured, what information will be included in the show ip route command output for router A?

Page 5 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

a. All of the 192.168.x.0 networks will be in the routing table. b. Routes to networks 192.168.1.0/24, 192.168.2.0/24, and 192.168.3.0/24 will be in the routing table. c. The routing table will be empty because routes and dynamic routes have not been configured. d. A default route is automatically installed in the routing table to allow connectivity between the networks. 14. What is the first step OSPF and IS-IS routers take in building a shortest path first database? a. learn about directly connected networks b. send hello to discover neighbors and form adjacencies c. choose successors and feasible successors to populate the topology table d. flood LSPs to all neighbors informing them of all known networks and their link states 15. Which three statements describe the operation of routing with EIGRP? (Choose three.) a. As new neighbors are discovered, entries are placed in a neighbor table. b. If the feasible successor has a higher advertised cost than the current successor route, then it becomes the primary route. c. If hello packets are not received within the hold time, DUAL must recalculate the topology. d. The reported distance is the distance to a destination as advertised by a neighbor. e. EIGRP maintains full knowledge of the network topology in the topology table and exchanges full routing information with neighboring routers in every update. f. EIGRP builds one routing table that contains routes for all configured routed protocols. 16. A network administrator has configured a default route on Router_A but it is not being shared with adjacent Router_B and the other routers in the OSPF area. Which command will save the administrator the time and trouble of configuring this default route on Router_B and all of the other routers in the OSPF area? a. Router_A(config-router)# ospf redistribute default-route b. Router_B(config-router)# ospf redistribute default-route c. Router_A(config-router)# default-information originate d. Router_B(config-router)# default-information originate e. Router_A(config-router)# ip ospf update-default f. Router_B(config-router)# ip ospf update-default

Page 6 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011 17. Which of the following are required when adding a network to the OSPF routing process configuration? (Choose three.) a. network address b. loopback address c. autonomous system number d. subnet mask e. wildcard mask f. area ID 18. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is accessing router R1 from the console port. Once the administrator is connected to the router, which password should the administrator enter at the R1> prompt to access the privileged EXEC mode?

a. Cisco001 b. Cisco123 c. Cisco789 d. Cisco901 19. Which statement is true regarding routing metrics? a. All routing protocols use the same metrics. b. EIGRP uses bandwidth as its only metric. c. Routers compare metrics to determine the best route. d. The larger metric generally represents the better path. 20. Refer to the exhibit. Which router is advertising subnet 172.16.1.32/28?

Page 7 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

a. Router1 b. Router2 c. Router3 d. Router4 21. What command would the network administrator apply to a router that is running OSPF to advertise the entire range of addresses included in 172.16.0.0/19 in area 0? a. R1(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 b. R1(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 0.0.3.255 area 0 c. R1(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 0.0.15.255 area 0 d. R1(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 0.0.31.255 area 0 22. Refer to the exhibit. The show cdp neighbors command was run at R1. Which two facts about the newly detected device can be determined from the output? (Choose two.)

a. ABCD is a router that is connected to R1. b. ABCD is a non-CISCO device that is connected to R1. c. The device is connected at the Serial0/0/1 interface of R1. d. R1 is connected at the S0/0/1 interface of device ABCD. e. ABCD does not support switching capability. 23. Refer to the exhibit. A ping between host A and host B is successful, but pings from host A to operational hosts on the Internet fail. What is the reason for this problem?

Page 8 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

a. The FastEthernet interface of R1 is disabled. b. One of the default routes is configured incorrectly. c. A routing protocol is not configured on both routers. d. The default gateway has not been configured on host A. 24. Refer to the exhibit. The network has three connected routers: R1, R2, and R3. The routes of all three routers are displayed. All routers are operational and pings are not blocked on this network. Which ping will fail?

a. from R1 to 172.16.1.1 b. from R1 to 192.168.3.1 Page 9 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011 c. from R2 to 192.168.1.1 d. from R2 to 192.168.3.1 25. Which three statements are true regarding the encapsulation and de-encapsulation of packets when traveling through a router? (Choose three.) a. The router modifies the TTL field, decrementing it by one. b. The router changes the source IP to the IP of the exit interface. c. The router maintains the same source and destination IP. d. The router changes the source physical address to the physical address of the exit interface. e. The router changes the destination IP to the IP of the exit interface. f. The router sends the packet out all other interfaces, besides the one it entered the router on. 26. Refer to the exhibit. What action will R2 take for a packet that is destined for 192.168.2.0? It will drop the packet.

a. It will forward the packet via the S0/0/0 interface. b. It will forward the packet via the Fa0/0 interface. c. It will forward the packet to R1 27. What are two tasks that must be completed before two routers can use OSPF to form a neighbor adjacency? (Choose two.) a. The routers must elect a designated router. b. The routers must agree on the network type. c. The routers must use the same dead interval. d. The routers must exchange link state requests. e. The routers must exchange database description packets. 28. Refer to the exhibit. The users on the local network 172.16.1.0/24 complain that they are unable to connect to the Internet. What step should be taken to remedy the problem?

Page 10 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

a. A new static route must be configured on R1 with the R3 serial interface as the next hop. b. A new default route must be configured on R1 with the R3 serial interface as the next hop. c. The default route on R2 should be configured with the R3 serial interface as the next hop. d. The default route on R2 must be replaced with a new static route and the next hop should be the R1 FastEthernet interface 29. Refer to the exhibit. What summary address can Router2 advertise to Router1 to reach the three networks on Routers 3, 4, and 5 without advertising any public address space or overlapping the networks on Router1?

a. 172.16.0.0/8 b. 172.16.0.0/10 c. 172.16.0.0/13 d. 172.16.0.0/20 e. 172.16.0.0/24 30. Refer to the exhibit. Host A is unable to access the Internet, and troubleshooting has revealed that this is due to an addressing problem. What is incorrectly configured in this network? Page 11 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

a. the IP address of the Fa0/0 interface of R1 b. the subnet mask of the S0/0/0 interface of R1 c. the IP address of the S0/0/0 interface of R1 d. the subnet mask of the S0/0/0 interface of R2 31. What is the purpose of the TTL field within an IP packet header? a. clears an unreachable route from the routing table after the invalid timer expires b. prevents regular update messages from inappropriately reinstating a route that may have gone bad c. removes an unreachable route from the routing table after the flush timer expires d. limits the period of time or number of hops a packet can traverse through the network before it should be discarded e. used to mark the route as unreachable in a routing update that is sent to other routers 32. Refer to the exhibit. A new PC was deployed in the Sales network. It was given the host address of 192.168.10.31 with a default gateway of 192.168.10.17. The PC is not communicating with the network properly. What is the cause?

a. The default gateway is incorrect. b. The address is in the wrong subnet. c. The host address and default gateway are swapped. d. 192.168.10.31 is the broadcast address for this subnet 33. Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator is planning IP addressing of a new network. What part of this addressing scheme must be changed to allow communication between host A and the server?

Page 12 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

a. the IP address of the server b. the default gateway of host A c. the IP address of host A d. the default gateway of the server 34. Refer to the exhibit. All routers are running RIPv1. The two networks 10.1.1.0/29 and 10.1.1.16/29 are unable to access each other. What can be the cause of this problem?

a. Because RIPv1 is a classless protocol, it does not support this access. b. RIPv1 does not support discontiguous networks. c. RIPv1 does not support load balancing. d. RIPv1 does not support automatic summarization. 35. A router has learned about a network through static and dynamic routing processes. Which route will be used to reach network 192.168.168.0? a. D 192.168.168.0/24 [90/2195456] via 192.168.200.1, 00:00:09, Ethernet0 b. O 192.168.168.0/24 [110/1012] via 192.168.200.1, 00:00:22, Ethernet0 c. R 192.168.168.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.200.1, 00:00:17, Ethernet0 d. S 192.168.168.0/24 [1/0] via 192.168.200.1 36. What are three features of CDP? (Choose three.) Page 13 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011 a. tests Layer 2 connectivity b. provides a layer of security c. operates a OSI layers 2 and 3 d. enabled by default on each interface e. used for debugging Layer 4 connectivity issues f. provides information on directly connected devices that have CDP enabled 37. Refer to the exhibit. What information can be determined from the highlighted output?

a. R1 is originating the route 172.30.200.32/28. b. Automatic summarization is disabled. c. The 172.30.200.16/28 network is one hop away from R1. d. A classful routing protocol is being used 38. Which of the following could describe the devices labeled ? in the graphic? (Choose three.)

a. DCE b. CSU/DSU c. LAN switch d. modem e. hub 39. A network administrator has enabled RIP on routers B and C in the network diagram. Which of the following commands will prevent RIP updates from being sent to Router A?

Page 14 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

a. A(config)# router rip A(config-router)# passive-interface S0/0 b. B(config)# router rip B(config-router)# network 192.168.25.48 B(config-router)# network 192.168.25.64 c. A(config)# router rip A(config-router)# no network 192.168.25.32 d. B(config)# router rip B(config-router)# passive-interface S0/0 e. A(config)# no router rip 40. Refer to the exhibit. Both routers are using the RIP protocol. Devices on the 192.168.1.1 network can ping the S0/0/0 interface on R2 but cannot ping devices on the 192.168.2.1 network.

a. What is a possible cause of this problem? b. The routers are configured with different versions of RIP. c. R2 is not forwarding the routing updates. d. The R1 configuration should include the no auto-summary command. e. The maximum path number has been exceeded. Page 15 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011 41. Refer to exhibit. Given the topology shown in the exhibit, what three commands are needed to configure EIGRP on the Paris router? (Choose three.)

a. Paris(config)# router eigrp 100 b. Paris(config)# router eigrp c. Paris(config-router)# network 192.168.6.0 d. Paris(config-router)# network 192.168.7.0 e. Paris(config-router)# network 192.168.8.0 f. Paris(config-router)# network 192.168.9.0 42. Refer to the exhibit. Hosts on the BOS Fa0/0 LAN are able to ping the Fa0/1 interface on the JAX router and all interfaces on the BOS and ORL routers. Why would hosts from the 10.0.0.0/24 network not be able to ping hosts on the Fa0/0 LAN of the JAX router?

a. The JAX router has the wrong process ID. b. The JAX router needs the network 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 command. c. The JAX router needs the network 192.168.3.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 command. d. The BOS router needs the network 192.168.3.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 command 43. When presented with multiple valid routes to a destination, what criteria does a router use to determine which routes to add to the routing table?

Page 16 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011 a. The router selects the routes with the best metric. All routes that have the same best metric are added to the routing table. b. The router first selects routes with the lowest administrative distance. The resulting routes are then prioritized by metric and the routes with the best metric are added to the routing table. c. * The router selects the routes with the lowest administrative distance. All routes with the same lowest administrative distance are added to the routing table. d. The router installs all routes in the routing table but uses the route with the best metric most when load balancing. 44. Refer to the exhibit. What happens to a packet that has 172.16.0.0/16 as the best match in the routing table that is shown?

a. The packet is discarded. b. The packet is flooded out all interfaces. c. The packet is forwarded via Serial0/0/0. d. The packet is forwarded via FastEthernet0/0. 45. Refer to the exhibit. Which two statements are true based on the exhibited output? (Choose two.)

a. Automatic summarization is disabled. b. The EIGRP routing protocol is being used. c. There is one feasible successor in the routing table. d. The serial interface S0/0/0 is administratively down. e. The router is originating the route to 172.16.1.0/24 via the S0/0/0 interface

Page 17 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011 46. Refer to the exhibit. Two routers are unable to establish an adjacency. What is the possible cause for this?

a. The two routers are connected on a multiaccess network. b. The hello and dead intervals are different on the two routers. c. They have different OSPF router IDs. d. They have different process IDs 47. Refer to the exhibit. How many routes are child routes?

a. 1 b. 3 c. 4 d. 6 48. Refer to the exhibit. All interfaces are configured with the correct IP addresses and subnet masks. OSPF has been configured as the routing protocol. During troubleshooting, it is determined that hosts on network B can ping the Lo0 interface on R1 but are unable to reach hosts on network A. What is the cause of the problem?

Page 18 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011

a. Routers R1 and R2 have incorrect router IDs configured. b. Router R1 is unable to form a neighbor relationship with router R2. c. Routers R1 and R2 have been configured in different OSPF areas. d. The configuration of router R1 fails to include network A in the OSPF routing process 49. Refer to the exhibit. The interface addresses and OSPF priorities are configured as shown. Because of the boot order of the routers, router A is currently the DR and router B is the BDR. If router A fails and is replaced the next day by a new router, router D, what OSPF protocol action or actions will happen?

a. Router D will be elected DR, and router C will become the BDR. b. Router D will be elected DR, and router B will remain the BDR. c. Router C will become the DR, and router B will become the BDR. d. Router B will remain the BDR, and OSPF will function on the segment via the use of only the BDR Page 19 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA

Cisco CCNA2 Exam 10/20/2011 50. Using default settings, what is the next step in the router boot sequence after the IOS loads from flash? a. Perform the POST routine. b. Search for a backup IOS in ROM. c. Load the bootstrap program from ROM. d. Load the running-config file from RAM. e. Locate and load the startup-config file from NVRAM. 51. Which three statements are true of holddown timers? (Choose three.) a. used by link state routing protocols to prevent routing loops b. prevent update messages from reinstating a route that may have gone bad c. allow routers to still forward packets to destination networks that are in holddown d. limit the number of hops a packet can traverse through the network before it is discarded e. prevent a router advertising a network through the same interface from which the network was learned f. permit lower metric updates received from any neighboring router to reinstate the route to a possibly down network 52. The network administrator configures the router with the ip route 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.2.2 command. How will this route appear in the routing table? a. C 172.16.1.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0 b. S 172.16.1.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0 c. C 172.16.1.0 [1/0] via 172.16.2.2 d. S 172.16.1.0 [1/0] via 172.16.2.2 53. Which two router component and operation pair are correctly described? (Choose two.) a. DRAM loads the bootstrap b. RAM stores the operating system c. Flash executes diagnostics at bootup d. NVRAM stores the configuration file e. ROM stores the backup configuration file f. POST runs diagnostics on hardware modules

Page 20 of 20 Harry Fultz Community College Instructor: Klean Xhelilaj, CCNA