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Martial

Arts
By:

Gloria, Willy, Malia, Willon


Martial
Arts

Overview about Martial Arts


Shaolin Temples
Preying Mantis
Bruce Lee
Martial Arts

• Style and techniques


came about animal
movements
• How animals fights and
protect themselves
• Their reactions during
battle with other animals
Kung Fu . . .
• Which means “WORK”
• May also mean task,
work performed, special
skills, strength, ability or
time spent
• Westerners began to call
Martial Arts Kung Fu
??????
How did this really come about?
• The origins are obscure
• The first person consciously picked up a
stick or rock to defend him/herself
• Before books and writing
Kung Fu split in two . . .
• Form from two simple term : internal and
external
• Internal: Will, Vital energy and Strength
• External: Speedy eyes, Fist and Foot
Martial
Arts

Overview about Martial Arts


Shaolin Temples
Preying Mantis
Bruce Lee
Shaolin Temples

5 Main Temples
2. Henan
3. Fukien
4. Kwangtung
5. Wutang
6. O Mei Shan
1. Henan
• Located in a small mountain
town southwest of Beijing
• Seen in Chinese kung fu
movies
• Restored by Chinese
government in the mid 1970s
• Became tourist/martial arts
Mecca
2. Fukien
• Originally a Buddhist
temple until early 1600s
• Larger than the Henan
temple and served as
headquarters
• Southern styles of
praying mantis, snake,
dragon, and Wing Chun
developed in this temple
3. Kwangtung
• Known as Snake temple
• Built in late 1700s as a Shaolin
temple
• Located in a mountain area
overlooking the ocean near
Shanghai
• Was a Cantonese temple close
to Fukien
• Temple was bombed during the
civil wars
4. Wutang
• Known as Tiger temple
• Located near the town of
Wutang (near Manchuria
and the Korean peninsula)
• Origin of Mercenary monks
• Integrated into Shaolin order
about AD 800
5. O Mei Shan
• Means “Great White Mountain”
• Known as Crane Temple
• Located in an inaccessible area of the
Szechuan province
• Library and medical temple (4 centuries)
• Integrated into Shaolin order about AD
1500
More Info. About Shaolin
Temples Can Be Found At:

www.shaolin.com
Martial
Arts

Overview about Martial Arts


Shaolin Temples
Preying Mantis
Bruce Lee
Wong Long….
• Founder of the northern praying mantis
style of kung fu
• Opposed to the Manchurian takeover of
China
• Joined the Shaolin Temple to learn kung fu
• Became a skilled fighter
Mantis style . . .
• A praying mantis attacking a cicada
• Praying mantis had killed the cicada
• Holding it and began eating
• Wong was impressed by the way the pray
mantis moved
• Took a stick and played with the mantis
Mantis’s method of combat . .

• Hook, grasp, strike, upward block, advance,


recede, pull, strike first, contact, cling, tag,
and lean
Putting it together . . .
• Praying mantis hand
skills
• Added strength to the
foot work
• Observing the monkeys
of China
• Final component :
quickness and agility
Martial
Arts

Overview about Martial Arts


Shaolin Temples
Preying Mantis
Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee

Greatest martial artist of the 20th


century?
Family Life
• Born in San Francisco in 1940
• Grew up in Hong Kong, where
he made a total of 18 films
• Returned to America at age 18,
settling in Seattle.
• Studied philosophy at the
University of Washington
• Married Linda Emery in 1964
– Two children: Brandon Bruce
Lee, Shannon Emery Lee
• Died at age 32 on July 20, 1973
Martial Arts & Philosophy
• Founder of Jeet Kune Do
– Merged the best of his
friends’ martial arts
– Emphasizes freedom of
expression for the
individual
Television & Movies
• “Kato” in the Green Hornet
television series
• Successes in Southeast Asia:
– The Big Boss
– Fist of Fury
• Directed, produced, starred in The
Way of the Dragon
• Last film: Enter the Dragon
– First co-production between
American and Hong Kong film
studios
– First martial arts movie backed by
a large Hollywood studio