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What our students should know by the end of 5th grade in: Number Algebra Measurement Geometry Statistics

California Content Standards

Number
Relative Magnitude of Numbers
Find and compute percent.
NS 1.2

Determine prime factors of numbers to 50.


NS 1.4

Order decimals, fractions, positive and negative numbers.


NS 1.5

ComputationDecimals
Compute decimals and negative integers.
NS 2.1

Divide by multi-digit divisor/decimals.


NS 2.2

Add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers.


NS 2.3

Algebra
Write/evaluate simple algebraic expressions.
AF 1.2

Identify and graph ordered pairs.


AF 1.4

Use linear functions with integer values.


AF 1.5

Measurement
Compare formulas of geometric shapes.
MG 1.1

Compute surface area of cubes and rectangular boxes using 2-D patterns.
MG 1.2

Understand the concept of volume.


MG 1.3a

Compute volume of rectangular solid.


MG 1.3b

Data & Statistics

Compute mean, medium, and mode.


SDAP 1.1

Identify and interpret data from a graph.


SDAP 1.4

Write ordered pairs correctly.


SDAP 1.5

Geometry
Measure and draw angles, lines, shapes (perpendicular, parallel) with tools (ruler, protractor, and compass).
MG 2.1

Know the sum of the angles of triangles and quadrilaterals.


MG 2.2

Mathematical Reasoning
Make Decisions about a Problem
Identify relationships in problems. Know when and how to break apart problems.

Solve Problems/Justify Reasoning


Use estimations to verify results. Apply strategies to complex problems. Use methods to explain math reasoning. Express solutions clearly. Know advantage of exact or approximate results. Make precise calculations and verify result.

Make Connections
Evaluate reasonableness of a result. Note methods of deriving solution. Develop generalization of the result.

How you can help your child at home with Math.


Have your child use the date and figure out how many different ways you can express this date: 12th = 6x2, 363, 2x2x3,(2x7)-2, 15-3, 3+3, etc. Involve your child in activities like shopping, cooking or home fix-it projects to show them that mathematics is practical and useful. Use the scale on a map to calculate the approximate number of miles to a travel destination. Total the daily costs of a trip (for food, mileage, bus or train tickets, for example), and then determine the average daily expenses after the trip is completed. Ask your child what he/she is studying in math class, talk with him/her about mathematics homework, and help with school projects when it is appropriate. Have your child look at newspaper advertisements to determine the best deal (20% off or $5 off, for example). Using various containers at home, determine which one holds the most (largest volume) water, rice. etc. Play games as a family, such as games with a banker and games that require keeping score. Have your child be the banker/scorekeeper. Games require children to use strategies to make decisions, solve problems, and develop an understanding about numbers, how to use them (number sense) and computational skills.

Revised July2011