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Micro-Hydropower Component Project (MHCPP) Project Summary

Magoya micro hydropower plant is a new project proposed to be constructed to serve communities drawn from Magoya and Rambulla Sub Locations in Uholo West Location of Ugunja Division, Ugunja District in Siaya County, Kenya (Figure 1).

Figure 1: Project Area The project is a decentralized electricity generation and supply system that will use water from Nzoia River that runs along the western border of the area. The general objective of this project is to contribute to wealth creation to the people in Magoya-Rambula through provision of affordable electricity for productive and lighting purposes. In keeping to its mission, the project will catalyze all-round development and progress in the area by inciting new livelihood strategies to improve the citizens livelihood assets. An off stream cross flow turbine and generator set will provide 200 kW of electricity that will be distributed to light 1700 homes, 8 schools, 1 community library and establishing 3 Community Development Centres (CDC) in the existing market centres. The electricity will also power an agroprocessing plant and a community managed water supply system for domestic and industrial use while excess power will be sold to KPLC through an 11 KVA 15 km line.

The targeted activities of the project include construction of a micro hydropower plant with the power output capacity of 200 kW. This will be followed by the installation of a local mini- grid and distribution lines to the targeted consumers within a diameter of 2 km from the generation point. A 11 KVA step up transformer at the generation point and three consumer step down transformers, with 40 km distribution lines to consumer points will be installed Community structures will be strengthened through a phased capacity building process through a Public-Community Partnership to ensure sustainability of project actions. Common Interest Groups will be strengthened along their productive lines i.e. agro-producers and processors, water user association, local fabricators, aqua culturists, transporters etc, to improve their comparative and competitive advantages in their niche areas. These will all be done under the umbrella Siaya Community Foundation Water and electricity supplies will be billed according to usage governed by the loads connected to the mini-grid and independent metering of both water and electricity to each consumer. This will simplify monthly electricity and water revenue collection in accordance to usage. Revenue accrued from the customers will be used for the maintenance of the systems and village development activities. Alongside the hydroelectric plant, agro industries are projected to be put in place for the processing of farm produce. These include grain mills (rice and maize), a fruit, oil and vegetable processing unit, milk cooler, a water bottling plant and a Jua Kali shed. The agroprocessing plant will contract farmers to produce crops for primary processing with strategic linkage to major industries in Kenya (BIDCO and Unilever) This proposal has been prepared for the attention of possible partners to support the project financially. The total investment for the project component (consisting of infrastructure development and capacity building) is estimated at US$787,500 (KES 63 Million) with the investment cost for micro hydropower pegged at 300,000 US$ (3000 US$/kW) and capacity development at US$25,000. The micro hydropower project component is targeted to commence in the year 2012 depending on the availability of funding. Construction for this component is planned to be completed within 15 months.

Project Rationale
A large proportion of Kenyans do not have access to modern energy services. A majority of the rural dwellers are hardly lit, impeding their development efforts. The National Development Objectives of the government of Kenya includes accelerated economic growth and rising productivity of all sectors, equitable distribution of national income, poverty alleviation through provision of basic needs, enhanced agricultural production, and industrialization and accelerated employment creation among others. The realization of these objectives is only feasible if quality energy services are made available in a sustainable, cost effective and affordable manner.

Extensive rural electrification has not been made possible due to high cost implications and limited funding. The construction of the micro hydropower is being considered as an avenue for gradually raising the living standards and reducing poverty of the people in the project area. In this project, it is deemed important that the focus will be on lighting the homes, schools and market centres and strengthening existing and potentially productive agro based industries as well as income generating activities.

General Project Description

The Magoya micro hydropower will use appropriate technology, to sustainably utilize the available resources in the area with set out goal of; Improving Rural electrification through micro hydropower generation though a decentralize supply system in an off grid area. The river with minimum annual flows of 133 cum/sec and a head of 9 metres over 650 metres at targeted generation point within the village provides favourable topographical features for off stream harnessing of micro-hydropower. An appropriate canal size will be designed to draw enough water (approx.3 m3/sec) that together with the 9 metre head will provide the 200 kW. The major activities of the project include constructing a hydro power plant with an estimated output of 200 kW and the installation of the local mini- grid and distribution lines to the targeted consumers. The work will entail construction of a partial 30 m long *1.5m high weir on a rocky section of the river to ensure diversion of water of water during period of low flows to an off take enclosed canal system. Excavations will be made for a canal/pipe.tunnel system to run at depth range of 0.2m to 6m based on the profile from intake point to the turbine house (Figure 2). A turbine generator house will be built; the turbine and load controller will be constructed using locally available expertise while the generator will be sourced externally. The civil, mechanical and electrical works required will be made once detailed survey has been done. Capacity building of community and management structures will be undertaken. Consumers will include households, institutions, industries and small business enterprises. Billing will be according to the electricity usage. Excess power will be sold to KPLC. There will be independent metering system to every consumer so as to enable easy electricity revenue collection at the end of every month. Revenue obtained will be used in the maintenance of the plant and community development activities.

Elevation 0 2 4 6 5 0 -6 -9

0 Distance 0

2 100

5 0




500 -6

600 -9

Figure 1: Profile of Canal Path

Penstock 150 meters Canal line 500 meters

Figure 3: Topo sheet with planned canal-tunnel line and penstock

Point Elevation Distance m Description

1 0 0 River bed at intake, weir point

2 3 4 5 2 4 6 5 100 200 300 400 Possible tunnel section

6 0 500 Possible siltation and foray bay point

Cubic meters




7 8 -6 -9 600 650 Possible Penstock section Turbine house at point 8 150m pipeline

9 -11 700 Water level tail


50 Open canal

Competitive Advantage of the Project

The households, institutions, and micro enterprises are potential customers since there is no electricity at the moment in the area. This project is therefore a project on time to save the community and will spearhead development in the area. The costs of energy solutions are high when compared to cost of the service this project will be offering its customers. Price of kerosene has significantly gone high, limiting the school- going pupils from doing their homework or reading at night. Electricity connected to these homes will thus counter the challenges of the Universal Primary Education.

Challenges and Assumptions

The poverty level may at initial stages affect smooth take off and sustainability of the project. The targeted customers will however, be given basic education on small business management order to make use of power generated for income generation activities. It is also assumed that other project components that have a productive and income generating elements will take off to augment this project.