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ADS1274

ADS1278
www.ti.com SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011

Quad/Octal, Simultaneous Sampling, 24-Bit Analog-to-Digital Converters


Check for Samples: ADS1274, ADS1278

1FEATURES DESCRIPTION
• Simultaneously Measure Four/Eight Channels
234

Based on the single-channel ADS1271, the ADS1274


• Up to 144kSPS Data Rate (quad) and ADS1278 (octal) are 24-bit, delta-sigma
• AC Performance: (ΔΣ) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) with data
rates up to 144k samples per second (SPS), allowing
70kHz Bandwidth
simultaneous sampling of four or eight channels. The
111dB SNR (High-Resolution Mode) devices are offered in identical packages, permitting
–108dB THD drop-in expandability.
• DC Accuracy:
Traditionally, industrial delta-sigma ADCs offering
0.8μV/°C Offset Drift
good drift performance use digital filters with large
1.3ppm/°C Gain Drift passband droop. As a result, they have limited signal
• Selectable Operating Modes: bandwidth and are mostly suited for dc
High-Speed: 144kSPS, 106dB SNR measurements. High-resolution ADCs in audio
High-Resolution: 52kSPS, 111dB SNR applications offer larger usable bandwidths, but the
Low-Power: 52kSPS, 31mW/ch offset and drift specifications are significantly weaker
Low-Speed: 10kSPS, 7mW/ch than respective industrial counterparts. The ADS1274
and ADS1278 combine these types of converters,
• Linear Phase Digital Filter allowing high-precision industrial measurement with
• SPI™ or Frame-Sync Serial Interface excellent dc and ac specifications.
• Low Sampling Aperture Error The high-order, chopper-stabilized modulator
• Modulator Output Option (digital filter bypass) achieves very low drift with low in-band noise. The
• Analog Supply: 5V onboard decimation filter suppresses modulator and
signal out-of-band noise. These ADCs provide a
• Digital Core: 1.8V usable signal bandwidth up to 90% of the Nyquist
• I/O Supply: 1.8V to 3.3V rate with less than 0.005dB of ripple.
Four operating modes allow for optimization of speed,
APPLICATIONS resolution, and power. All operations are controlled
• Vibration/Modal Analysis directly by pins; there are no registers to program.
• Multi-Channel Data Acquisition The devices are fully specified over the extended
• Acoustics/Dynamic Strain Gauges industrial range (–40°C to +105°C) and are available
• Pressure Sensors in an HTQFP-64 PowerPAD™ package.

VREFP VREFN AVDD DVDD IOVDD VREFP VREFN AVDD DVDD IOVDD

Input1 DS SPI DRDY/FSYNC Input1 DS SPI DRDY/FSYNC


and SCLK and SCLK
Input2 DS Four Input2 DS
Frame- Frame-
Digital DOUT[4:1] DOUT[8:1]
Sync Sync
Input3 DS Filters DIN Input3 DS DIN
Interface Interface
Input4 DS Input4 DS Eight
TEST[1:0] Digital TEST[1:0]
FORMAT[2:0] Input5 DS Filters FORMAT[2:0]
CLK CLK
Control Input6 DS Control
Logic SYNC Logic SYNC
PWDN[4:1] Input7 DS PWDN[8:1]
CLKDIV CLKDIV
MODE[1:0] Input8 DS MODE[1:0]

AGND DGND AGND DGND

ADS1274 ADS1278

Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of Texas
Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
2 PowerPAD is a trademark of Texas Instruments, Inc.
3 SPI is a trademark of Motorola, Inc.
4 All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date. © 2007–2011, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Products conform to specifications per the terms of the Texas
Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not
necessarily include testing of all parameters.
ADS1274
ADS1278
SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011 www.ti.com

This integrated circuit can be damaged by ESD. Texas Instruments recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with
appropriate precautions. Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage.
ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. Precision integrated circuits may be more
susceptible to damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet its published specifications.

ORDERING INFORMATION
For the most current package and ordering information, see the Package Option Addendum at the end of this
document, or visit the device product folder at www.ti.com.

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


Over operating free-air temperature range unless otherwise noted (1)
ADS1274, ADS1278 UNIT
AVDD to AGND –0.3 to +6.0 V
DVDD, IOVDD to DGND –0.3 to +3.6 V
AGND to DGND –0.3 to +0.3 V
Momentary 100 mA
Input current
Continuous 10 mA
Analog input to AGND –0.3 to AVDD + 0.3 V
Digital input or output to DGND –0.3 to IOVDD + 0.3 V
Maximum junction temperature +150 °C
ADS1274 –40 to +125 °C
Operating temperature range
ADS1278 –40 to +105 °C
Storage temperature range –60 to +150 °C

(1) Stresses above these ratings may cause permanent damage. Exposure to absolute maximum conditions for extended periods may
degrade device reliability. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond
those specified is not implied.

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ADS1274
ADS1278
www.ti.com SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
All specifications at TA = –40°C to +105°C, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V,
VREFN = 0V, and all channels active, unless otherwise noted.
ADS1274, ADS1278
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
ANALOG INPUTS
Full-scale input voltage (FSR (1)) VIN = (AINP – AINN) ±VREF V
Absolute input voltage AINP or AINN to AGND AGND – 0.1 AVDD + 0.1 V
Common-mode input voltage (VCM) VCM = (AINP + AINN)/2 2.5 V
High-Speed mode 14 kΩ
High-Resolution mode 14 kΩ
Differential input impedance
Low-Power mode 28 kΩ
Low-Speed mode 140 kΩ
DC PERFORMANCE
Resolution No missing codes 24 Bits
fCLK = 37MHz 144,531 SPS (3)
High-Speed mode (2) fCLK = 32.768MHz 128,000 SPS
fCLK = 27MHz 105,469 SPS
Data rate (fDATA)
High-Resolution mode 52,734 SPS
Low-Power mode 52,734 SPS
Low-Speed mode 10,547 SPS
Integral nonlinearity (INL) (4) Differential input, VCM = 2.5V ±0.0003 ±0.0012 % FSR (1)
Offset error 0.25 2 mV
Offset drift 0.8 μV/°C
Gain error 0.1 0.5 % FSR
Gain drift 1.3 ppm/°C
High-Speed mode Shorted input 8.5 16 μV, rms
High-Resolution mode Shorted input 5.5 12 μV, rms
Noise
Low-Power mode Shorted input 8.5 16 μV, rms
Low-Speed mode Shorted input 8.0 16 μV, rms
Common-mode rejection fCM = 60Hz 90 108 dB
AVDD 80 dB
Power-supply rejection DVDD fPS = 60Hz 85 dB
IOVDD 105 dB
VCOM output voltage No load AVDD/2 V

(1) FSR = full-scale range = 2VREF.


(2) fCLK = 37MHz max for High-Speed mode, and 27MHz max for all other modes. See Table 7 for fCLK restrictions in High-Speed mode.
(3) SPS = samples per second.
(4) Best fit method.

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ADS1274
ADS1278
SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011 www.ti.com

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


All specifications at TA = –40°C to +105°C, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V,
VREFN = 0V, and all channels active, unless otherwise noted.
ADS1274, ADS1278
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
AC PERFORMANCE
Crosstalk f = 1kHz, –0.5dBFS (5) –107 dB
High-Speed mode 101 106 dB
VREF = 2.5V 103 110 dB
Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) (6) High-Resolution mode
VREF = 3V 111 dB
(unweighted)
Low-Power mode 101 106 dB
Low-Speed mode 101 107 dB
Total harmonic distortion (THD) (7) VIN = 1kHz, –0.5dBFS –108 –96 dB
Spurious-free dynamic range 109 dB
Passband ripple ±0.005 dB
Passband 0.453 fDATA Hz
–3dB Bandwidth 0.49 fDATA Hz
High-Resolution mode 95 dB
Stop band attenuation
All other modes 100
High-Resolution mode 0.547 fDATA 127.453 fDATA Hz
Stop band
All other modes 0.547 fDATA 63.453 fDATA Hz
High-Resolution mode 39/fDATA s
Group delay
All other modes 38/fDATA s
High-Resolution mode Complete settling 78/fDATA s
Settling time (latency)
All other modes Complete settling 76/fDATA s
VOLTAGE REFERENCE INPUTS
Negative reference input (VREFN) AGND – 0.1 AGND + 0.1 V
0.1 ≤ fCLK ≤ 27MHz 0.5 2.5 3.1 V
Reference input voltage (VREF) (8)
27 < fCLK ≤ 32.768MHz 0.5 2.5 2.6 V
(VREF = VREFP – VREFN)
32.768MHz < fCLK ≤ 37MHz 0.5 2.048 2.1 V
High-Speed mode 1.3 kΩ

ADS1274 High-Resolution mode 1.3 kΩ


Reference Input impedance Low-Power mode 2.6 kΩ
Low-Speed mode 13 kΩ
High-Speed mode 0.65 kΩ

ADS1278 High-Resolution mode 0.65 kΩ


Reference Input impedance Low-Power mode 1.3 kΩ
Low-Speed mode 6.5 kΩ
DIGITAL INPUT/OUTPUT (IOVDD = 1.8V to 3.6V)
VIH 0.7 IOVDD IOVDD V
VIL DGND 0.3 IOVDD V
VOH IOH = 4mA 0.8 IOVDD IOVDD V
VOL IOL = 4mA DGND 0.2 IOVDD V
Input leakage 0 < VIN DIGITAL < IOVDD ±10 μA
High-Speed mode (8) 0.1 37 MHz
Master clock rate (fCLK)
Other modes 0.1 27 MHz

(5) Worst-case channel crosstalk between one or more channels.


(6) Minimum SNR is ensured by the limit of the DC noise specification.
(7) THD includes the first nine harmonics of the input signal; Low-Speed mode includes the first five harmonics.
(8) fCLK = 37MHz max for High-Speed mode, and 27MHz max for all other modes. See Table 7 for VREF restrictions in High-Speed mode.

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ADS1274
ADS1278
www.ti.com SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


All specifications at TA = –40°C to +105°C, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V,
VREFN = 0V, and all channels active, unless otherwise noted.
ADS1274, ADS1278
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
POWER SUPPLY
AVDD 4.75 5 5.25 V
0.1 ≤ fCLK ≤ 32.768MHz 1.65 1.8 1.95 V
DVDD (9)
32.768MHz < fCLK ≤ 37MHz 2.0 2.1 2.2 V
IOVDD 1.65 3.6 V
AVDD 1 10 μA
Power-down current DVDD 1 15 μA
IOVDD 1 10 μA
ADS1274
High-Speed mode 50 75 mA

ADS1274 High-Resolution mode 50 75 mA


AVDD current Low-Power mode 23 35 mA
Low-Speed mode 5 9 mA
High-Speed mode 18 24 mA

ADS1274 High-Resolution mode 12 17 mA


DVDD current Low-Power mode 10 15 mA
Low-Speed mode 2.5 4.5 mA
High-Speed mode 0.15 0.5 mA

ADS1274 High-Resolution mode 0.075 0.3 mA


IOVDD current Low-Power mode 0.075 0.3 mA
Low-Speed mode 0.02 0.15 mA
High-Speed mode 285 420 mW

ADS1274 High-Resolution mode 275 410 mW


Power dissipation Low-Power mode 135 210 mW
Low-Speed mode 30 55 mW
ADS1278
High-Speed mode 97 145 mA

ADS1278 High-Resolution mode 97 145 mA


AVDD current Low-Power mode 44 64 mA
Low-Speed mode 9 14 mA
High-Speed mode 23 30 mA

ADS1278 High-Resolution mode 16 20 mA


DVDD current Low-Power mode 12 17 mA
Low-Speed mode 2.5 4.5 mA
High-Speed mode 0.25 1 mA

ADS1278 High-Resolution mode 0.125 0.5 mA


IOVDD current Low-Power mode 0.125 0.5 mA
Low-Speed mode 0.035 0.2 mA
High-Speed mode 530 785 mW

ADS1278 High-Resolution mode 515 765 mW


Power dissipation Low-Power mode 245 355 mW
Low-Speed mode 50 80 mW

(9) fCLK = 37MHz max for High-Speed mode, and 27MHz max for all other modes. See Table 7 for DVDD restrictions in High-Speed mode.

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ADS1274
ADS1278
SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011 www.ti.com

ADS1274/ADS1278 PIN ASSIGNMENTS


PAP PACKAGE
HTQFP-64
(TOP VIEW)

AINN5(1)

AINN6(1)
AINP5(1)

AINP6(1)
VREFN

VREFP

VCOM
AINN3

AINN4
AINP3

AINP4

AGND

AGND

AGND
AVDD

AVDD
64

63

62

61

60

59

58

57

56

55

54

53

52

51

50

49
AINP2 1 48 AINN7(1)

AINN2 2 47 AINP7(1)

AINP1 3 46 AINN8(1)

AINN1 4 45 AINP8(1)

AVDD 5 44 AVDD

AGND 6 43 AGND

DGND 7 42 PWDN1

TEST0 8 41 PWDN2
ADS1274/ADS1278
TEST1 9 40 PWDN3

CLKDIV 10 39 PWDN4

SYNC 11 38 PWDN5(1)

DIN 12 37 PWDN6(1)

DOUT8(1) 13 36 PWDN7(1)

DOUT7(1) 14 35 PWDN8(1)

DOUT6 (1) 15 (PowerPAD Outline) 34 MODE0


(1) 16 33
DOUT5 MODE1
17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32
DOUT1

FORMAT1
DGND

IOVDD

IOVDD

DGND

DGND

DVDD
DOUT3

DOUT2

FORMAT2
DRDY/FSYNC

FORMAT0
DOUT4

CLK

SCLK

(1) Boldface pin names indicate additional pins for the ADS1278; see Table 1.

Table 1. ADS1274/ADS1278 PIN DESCRIPTIONS


PIN
NAME NO. FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
6, 43, 54,
AGND Analog ground Analog ground; connect to DGND using a single plane.
58, 59
AINP1 3 Analog input
AINP2 1 Analog input
AINP3 63 Analog input ADS1278: AINP[8:1] Positive analog input, channels 8 through 1.
AINP4 61 Analog input
AINP5 51 Analog input ADS1274: AINP[8:5] Connected to internal ESD rails. The inputs may float.
AINP[4:1] Positive analog input, channels 4 through 1.
AINP6 49 Analog input
AINP7 47 Analog input
AINP8 45 Analog input

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ADS1274
ADS1278
www.ti.com SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011

Table 1. ADS1274/ADS1278 PIN DESCRIPTIONS (continued)


PIN
NAME NO. FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
AINN1 4 Analog input
AINN2 2 Analog input
AINN3 64 Analog input ADS1278: AINN[8:1] Negative analog input, channels 8 through 1.
AINN4 62 Analog input
AINN5 52 Analog input ADS1274: AINN[8:5] Connected to internal ESD rails. The inputs may float.
AINN[4:1] Negative analog input, channels 4 through 1.
AINN6 50 Analog input
AINN7 48 Analog input
AINN8 46 Analog input
AVDD 5, 44, 53, 60 Analog power supply Analog power supply (4.75V to 5.25V).
VCOM 55 Analog output AVDD/2 Unbuffered voltage output.
VREFN 57 Analog input Negative reference input.
VREFP 56 Analog input Positive reference input.
CLK 27 Digital input Master clock input (fCLK).
CLK input divider control: 1 = 37MHz (High-Speed mode)/otherwise 27MHz
CLKDIV 10 Digital input
0 = 13.5MHz (low-power)/5.4MHz (low-speed)
DGND 7, 21, 24, 25 Digital ground Digital ground power supply.
DIN 12 Digital input Daisy-chain data input.
DOUT1 20 Digital output DOUT1 is TDM data output (TDM mode).
DOUT2 19 Digital output
DOUT3 18 Digital output ADS1278: DOUT[8:1] Data output for channels 8 through 1.
DOUT4 17 Digital output
DOUT5 16 Digital output ADS1274: DOUT[8:5] Internally connected to active circuitry; outputs are
driven.
DOUT6 15 Digital output DOUT[4:1] Data output for channels 4 through 1.
DOUT7 14 Digital output
DOUT8 13 Digital output
DRDY/
29 Digital input/output Frame-Sync protocol: frame clock input; SPI protocol: data ready output.
FSYNC
DVDD 26 Digital power supply Digital core power supply.
FORMAT0 32 Digital input
FORMAT[2:0] Selects Frame-Sync/SPI protocol, TDM/discrete data outputs,
FORMAT1 31 Digital input
fixed/dynamic position TDM data, and modulator mode/normal operating mode.
FORMAT2 30 Digital input
IOVDD 22, 23 Digital power supply I/O power supply (+1.65V to +3.6V).
MODE0 34 Digital input MODE[1:0] Selects High-Speed, High-Resolution, Low-Power, or Low-Speed
MODE1 33 Digital input mode operation.
PWDN1 42 Digital input
PWDN2 41 Digital input
PWDN3 40 Digital input ADS1278: PWDN[8:1] Power-down control for channels 8 through 1.
PWDN4 39 Digital input
PWDN5 38 Digital input ADS1274: PWDN[8:5] must = 0V.
PWDN[4:1] Power-down control for channels 4 through 1.
PWDN6 37 Digital input
PWDN7 36 Digital input
PWDN8 35 Digital input
SCLK 28 Digital input/output Serial clock input, Modulator clock output.
SYNC 11 Digital input Synchronize input (all channels).
TEST0 8 Digital input TEST[1:0] Test mode select: 00 = Normal operation 01 = Do not use
11 = Test mode 10 = Do not use
TEST1 9 Digital input

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ADS1274
ADS1278
SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011 www.ti.com

SPI FORMAT TIMING

tCLK
tCPW

CLK · · ·
tCD tCPW
tCONV

DRDY

tDS tSD tSCLK tSPW


SCLK
tSPW tDOPD
tMSBPD tDOHD

DOUT Bit 23 (MSB) Bit 22 Bit 21


tDIHD
tDIST
DIN

SPI FORMAT TIMING SPECIFICATION


For TA = –40°C to +105°C, IOVDD = 1.65V to 3.6V, and DVDD = 1.65V to 1.95V, unless otherwise noted.
SYMBOL PARAMETER MIN TYP MAX UNIT
tCLK CLK period (1/fCLK) (1) 37 10,000 ns
tCPW CLK positive or negative pulse width 15 ns
(2)
tCONV Conversion period (1/fDATA) 256 2560 tCLK
tCD (3) Falling edge of CLK to falling edge of DRDY 22 ns
tDS (3) Falling edge of DRDY to rising edge of first SCLK to retrieve data 1 tCLK
tMSBPD DRDY falling edge to DOUT MSB valid (propagation delay) 16 ns
tSD (3) Falling edge of SCLK to rising edge of DRDY 18 ns
tSCLK (4) SCLK period 1 tCLK
tSPW SCLK positive or negative pulse width 0.4 tCLK
tDOHD (3) (5) SCLK falling edge to new DOUT invalid (hold time) 10 ns
32 ns
tDOPD (3) SCLK falling edge to new DOUT valid (propagation delay)
26 ns (6)
tDIST New DIN valid to falling edge of SCLK (setup time) 6 ns
tDIHD (5) Old DIN valid to falling edge of SCLK (hold time) 6 ns

(1) fCLK = 27MHz maximum.


(2) Depends on MODE[1:0] and CLKDIV selection. See Table 8 (fCLK/fDATA).
(3) Load on DRDY and DOUT = 20pF.
(4) For best performance, limit fSCLK/fCLK to ratios of 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, etc.
(5) tDOHD (DOUT hold time) and tDIHD (DIN hold time) are specified under opposite worst-case conditions (digital supply voltage and
ambient temperature). Under equal conditions, with DOUT connected directly to DIN, the timing margin is > 4ns.
(6) DOUT1, TDM mode, IOVDD = 3.15V to 3.45V, and DVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V.

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ADS1274
ADS1278
www.ti.com SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011

FRAME-SYNC FORMAT TIMING

tCLK tCPW

CLK
tCS tCPW

tFRAME

FSYNC tFPW tFPW

tFS tSCLK tSPW tSF


SCLK
tSPW
tMSBPD tDOHD tDOPD
DOUT Bit 23 (MSB) Bit 22 Bit 21
tDIHD
tDIST
DIN

FRAME-SYNC FORMAT TIMING SPECIFICATION


For TA = –40°C to +105°C, IOVDD = 1.65V to 3.6V, and DVDD = 1.65V to 2.2V, unless otherwise noted.
SYMBOL PARAMETER MIN TYP MAX UNIT
High-Speed mode 27 10,000 ns
tCLK CLK period (1/fCLK) (see Table 7)
Other modes 37 10,000 ns
tCPW CLK positive or negative pulse width 11 ns
tCS Falling edge of CLK to falling edge of SCLK –0.25 0.25 tCLK
tFRAME Frame period (1/fDATA) (1) 256 2560 tCLK
tFPW FSYNC positive or negative pulse width 1 tSCLK
tFS Rising edge of FSYNC to rising edge of SCLK 5 ns
tSF Rising edge of SCLK to rising edge of FSYNC 5 ns
(2)
tSCLK SCLK period 1 tCLK
tSPW SCLK positive or negative pulse width 0.4 tCLK
tDOHD (3) (4) SCLK falling edge to old DOUT invalid (hold time) 10 ns
31 ns
(4)
tDOPD SCLK falling edge to new DOUT valid (propagation delay) 21 ns (5)
25 ns (6)
31 ns
tMSBPD FSYNC rising edge to DOUT MSB valid (propagation delay) 21 ns (5)
25 ns (6)
tDIST New DIN valid to falling edge of SCLK (setup time) 6 ns
(3)
tDIHD Old DIN valid to falling edge of SCLK (hold time) 6 ns

(1) Depends on MODE[1:0] and CLKDIV selection. See Table 8 (fCLK/fDATA).


(2) SCLK must be continuously running and limited to ratios of 1, 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8 of fCLK.
(3) tDOHD (DOUT hold time) and tDIHD (DIN hold time) are specified under opposite worst-case conditions (digital supply voltage and
ambient temperature). Under equal conditions, with DOUT connected directly to DIN, the timing margin is > 4ns.
(4) Load on DOUT = 20pF.
(5) DOUT1, TDM mode, IOVDD = 3.15V to 3.45V, and DVDD = 2V to 2.2V.
(6) DOUT1, TDM mode, IOVDD = 3.15V to 3.45V, and DVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V.

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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
OUTPUT SPECTRUM OUTPUT SPECTRUM
0 0
High-Speed Mode High-Speed Mode
-20 fIN = 1kHz, -0.5dBFS -20 fIN = 1kHz, -20dBFS
32,768 Points 32,768 Points
-40 -40
Amplitude (dB)

Amplitude (dB)
-60 -60

-80 -80

-100 -100

-120 -120

-140 -140

-160 -160
10 100 1k 10k 100k 10 100 1k 10k 100k
Frequency (Hz) Frequency (Hz)

Figure 1. Figure 2.

OUTPUT SPECTRUM NOISE HISTOGRAM


0 25k
High-Speed Mode High-Speed Mode
-20 Shorted Input Shorted Input
262,144 Points 20k 262,144 Points
Number of Occurrences

-40
Amplitude (dB)

-60
15k
-80

-100
10k
-120

-140 5k
-160

-180 0
-35

-28

-21

-14

-7

14

21

28

35
1 10 100 1k 10k 100k
Frequency (Hz) Output (mV)

Figure 3. Figure 4.

OUTPUT SPECTRUM OUTPUT SPECTRUM


0 0
High-Resolution Mode High-Resolution Mode
-20 fIN = 1kHz, -0.5dBFS -20 fIN = 1kHz, -20dBFS
32,768 Points 32,768 Points
-40 -40
Amplitude (dB)

Amplitude (dB)

-60 -60

-80 -80

-100 -100

-120 -120

-140 -140

-160 -160
10 100 1k 10k 100k 10 100 1k 10k 100k
Frequency (Hz) Frequency (Hz)

Figure 5. Figure 6.

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ADS1278
www.ti.com SBAS367F – JUNE 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2011

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
OUTPUT SPECTRUM NOISE HISTOGRAM
0 25k
High-Resolution Mode High-Resolution Mode
-20 Shorted Input Shorted Input
262,144 Points 20k 262,144 Points
-40

Number of Occurrences
Amplitude (dB)

-60
15k
-80

-100
10k
-120

-140 5k
-160

-180 0

-17.5

-10.5

-3.5

3.5

10.5

17.5
-24.5
-21.0

-14.0

-7.0

7.0

14.0

21.0
24.5
1 10 100 1k 10k 100k
Frequency (Hz)
Output (mV)

Figure 7. Figure 8.

OUTPUT SPECTRUM OUTPUT SPECTRUM


0 0
Low-Power Mode Low-Power Mode
-20 fIN = 1kHz, -0.5dBFS -20 fIN = 1kHz, -20dBFS
32,768 Points 32,768 Points
-40 -40
Amplitude (dB)

Amplitude (dB)

-60 -60

-80 -80

-100 -100

-120 -120

-140 -140

-160 -160
10 100 1k 10k 100k 10 100 1k 10k 100k
Frequency (Hz) Frequency (Hz)

Figure 9. Figure 10.

OUTPUT SPECTRUM NOISE HISTOGRAM


0 25k
Low-Power Mode Low-Power Mode
-20 Shorted Input Shorted Input
262,144 Points 20k 262,144 Points
-40
Number of Occurrences
Amplitude (dB)

-60
15k
-80

-100
10k
-120

-140 5k
-160

-180 0
-21

-11

11

21
-32

32
-37

-5

37
0
-26

-16

16

26

1 10 100 1k 10k 100k


Frequency (Hz) Output (mV)

Figure 11. Figure 12.

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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
OUTPUT SPECTRUM OUTPUT SPECTRUM
0 0
Low-Speed Mode Low-Speed Mode
-20 fIN = 100Hz, -0.5dBFS -20 fIN = 100Hz, -20dBFS
32,768 Points 32,768 Points
-40 -40
Amplitude (dB)

Amplitude (dB)
-60 -60

-80 -80

-100 -100

-120 -120

-140 -140

-160 -160
1 10 100 1k 10k 1 10 100 1k 10k
Frequency (Hz) Frequency (Hz)

Figure 13. Figure 14.

OUTPUT SPECTRUM NOISE HISTOGRAM


0 25k
Low-Speed Mode Low-Speed Mode
-20 Shorted Input Shorted Input
262,144 Points 20k 262,144 Points
-40
Number of Occurrences
Amplitude (dB)

-60
15k
-80

-100
10k
-120

-140 5k
-160

-180 0
-35

-28

-21

-14

-7

14

21

28

35
0.1 1 10 100 1k 10k
Frequency (Hz) Output (mV)

Figure 15. Figure 16.

TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION


vs FREQUENCY vs INPUT AMPLITUDE
0 0
High-Speed Mode High-Speed Mode
-20 VIN = -0.5dBFS -20 fIN = 1kHz
THD, THD+N (dB)

THD, THD+N (dB)

-40 -40

-60 -60

-80 -80
THD+N THD+N
-100 -100

-120 THD -120


THD
-140 -140
10 100 1k 10k 100k -120 -100 -80 -60 -40 -20 0
Frequency (Hz) Input Amplitude (dBFS)

Figure 17. Figure 18.

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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION
vs FREQUENCY vs INPUT AMPLITUDE
0 0
High-Resolution Mode High-Resolution Mode
-20 VIN = -0.5dBFS -20 fIN = 1kHz
THD, THD+N (dB)

THD, THD+N (dB)


-40 -40

-60 -60

-80 -80
THD+N
-100 -100 THD+N

-120 THD -120 THD

-140 -140
10 100 1k 10k 100k -120 -100 -80 -60 -40 -20 0
Frequency (Hz) Input Amplitude (dBFS)

Figure 19. Figure 20.

TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION


vs FREQUENCY vs INPUT AMPLITUDE
0 0
Low-Power Mode Low-Power Mode
-20 VIN = -0.5dBFS -20 fIN = 1kHz
THD, THD+N (dB)

THD, THD+N (dB)

-40 -40

-60 -60

-80 -80
THD+N
-100 -100 THD+N
THD
-120 THD -120

-140 -140
10 100 1k 10k 100k -120 -100 -80 -60 -40 -20 0
Frequency (Hz) Input Amplitude (dBFS)

Figure 21. Figure 22.

TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION


vs FREQUENCY vs INPUT AMPLITUDE
0 0
Low-Speed Mode Low-Speed Mode
-20 VIN = -0.5dBFS -20
THD, THD+N (dB)

THD, THD+N (dB)

-40 -40

-60 -60

-80 -80
THD+N
-100 -100 THD+N
THD THD
-120 -120

-140 -140
10 100 1k 10k -120 -100 -80 -60 -40 -20 0
Frequency (Hz) Input Amplitude (dBFS)

Figure 23. Figure 24.

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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
OFFSET DRIFT HISTOGRAM GAIN DRIFT HISTOGRAM
400 900
Multi-lot data based on 25 units based on
350 20°C intervals over the 800 20°C intervals over the
range -40°C to +105°C. range -40°C to +105°C.
700
Number of Occurrences

Number of Occurrences
300
600
250
500
200
400
150
300
100
200
50 100
Outliers: T < -20°C
0 0

-11

-1
1

11
-1

-13
-12

-3
-2

2
3

12
13
-15

-5

15
-10
-8
-9

8
10
-7

7
9
-14

-6
-4

4
6

14
-3
-2

2
3
-5

5
-10

-8
-9

8
-7

9
10
-6

-4

Offset Drift (mV/°C) Gain Drift (ppm/°C)

Figure 25. Figure 26.

OFFSET WARMUP DRIFT RESPONSE BAND GAIN WARMUP DRIFT RESPONSE BAND
40 40
ADS1278 High-Speed and High-Resolution Modes ADS1274/78 High-Speed and High-Resolution Modes
30 30
Normalized Gain Error (ppm)

ADS1278 Low-Power Mode ADS1278 Low-Power Mode


Normalized Offset (mV)

20 20

10 10

0 0

-10 -10

-20 -20
ADS1278 Low-Speed Mode ADS1278 Low-Speed Mode
-30 -30
ADS1274 High-Speed and High-Resolution Modes
-40 -40
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400
Time (s) Time (s)

Figure 27. Figure 28.

OFFSET ERROR HISTOGRAM GAIN ERROR HISTOGRAM


40 90
High-Speed Mode High-Speed Mode
35 25 Units 80 25 Units
Number of Occurrences

70
Number of Occurrences

30
60
25
50
20
40
15 30
10 20

5 10

0 0
0

-4000
-3600
-3200
-2800
-2400
-2000
-1600
-1200
-800
-400
0
400
800
1200
1600
2000
2400
2800
3200
3600
4000
-1000
-900
-800
-700
-600
-500
-400
-300
-200
-100

100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000

Offset (mV) Gain Error (ppm)

Figure 29. Figure 30.

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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
CHANNEL GAIN MATCH HISTOGRAM CHANNEL OFFSET MATCH HISTOGRAM
100 70
High-Speed Mode High-Speed Mode
90 10 Units 10 Units
60
80

Number of Occurrences
Number of Occurrences

70 50

60
40
50
30
40
30 20
20
10
10
0 0
-1500
-1400
-1300
-1200
-1100
-1000
-900
-800
-700
-600
-500
-400
-300
-200
-100
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500

- 1500
- 1400
- 1300
- 1200
- 1100
- 1000
- 900
- 800
- 700
- 600
- 500
- 400
- 300
- 200
- 100
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
Channel Gain Match (ppm) Channel Offset Match (mV)

Figure 31. Figure 32.

OFFSET AND GAIN


vs TEMPERATURE VCOM VOLTAGE OUTPUT HISTOGRAM
100 300 20
Offset AVDD = 5V
50 250 18
25 Units, No Load
Normalized Gain Error (ppm)

16
Number of Occurrences
Normalized Offset (mV)

0 200
14
-50 150 12
Gain
-100 100 10

-150 50 8
6
-200 0
4
-250 -50 2
-300 -100 0
2.40
2.41
2.42
2.43
2.44
2.45
2.46
2.47
2.48
2.49
2.50
2.51
2.52
2.53
2.54
2.55
2.56
2.57
2.58
2.59
2.60
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125
Temperature (°C)
VCOM Voltage Output (V)

Figure 33. Figure 34.

ADS1274/ADS1278 ADS1274 REFERENCE INPUT DIFFERENTIAL


SAMPLING MATCH ERROR HISTOGRAM IMPEDANCE vs TEMPERATURE
40 1.36 13.6
30 units over 3 production lots,
Reference Input Impedance (kW)

Reference Input Impedance (kW)


35 inter-channel combinations. 1.34 13.4
Number of Occurrences

30
1.32 13.2
ADS1278
25
ADS1274 1.30 13.0
20
1.28 12.8
15 High-Speed and
High-Resolution Modes
1.26 12.6
10 Low-Speed Mode
ADS1278
5 1.24 12.4

0 1.22 12.2
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125


Sampling Match Error (ps) Temperature (°C)

Figure 35. Figure 36.

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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
ADS1278 REFERENCE INPUT DIFFERENTIAL ANALOG INPUT DIFFERENTIAL IMPEDANCE
IMPEDANCE vs TEMPERATURE vs TEMPERATURE
0.68 6.8 14.4 28.8
14.3 28.6
Reference Input Impedance (kW)

Reference Input Impedance (kW)

Analog Input Impedance (kW)

Analog Input Impedance (kW)


0.67 6.7
14.2 28.4
14.1 28.2
0.66 6.6
14.0 28.0
0.65 6.5 13.9 27.8
High-Speed and
High-Speed and 13.8 High-Resolution Modes 27.6
0.64 High-Resolution Modes 6.4
Low-Speed Mode 13.7 27.4
13.6 27.2
0.63 6.3
13.5 Low-Power Mode 27.0
0.62 6.2 13.4 26.8
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125
Temperature (°C) Temperature (°C)

Figure 37. Figure 38.

ANALOG INPUT DIFFERENTIAL IMPEDANCE INTEGRAL NONLINEARITY


vs TEMPERATURE vs TEMPERATURE
155 10
Low-Speed Mode
150
Analog Input Impedance (kW)

8
145
INL (ppm of FSR)

140 6
135

130 4

125
2
120

115 0
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125
Temperature (°C) Temperature (°C)

Figure 39. Figure 40.

LINEARITY ERROR LINEARITY AND TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION


vs INPUT LEVEL vs REFERENCE VOLTAGE
10 14 -100
THD: fIN = 1kHz, VIN = -0.5dBFS
8
12 -104
6
T = +105°C
Linearity Error (ppm)

4 10 -108
Linearity (ppm)

T = +25°C
2 THD
THD (dB)

8 -112
0
6 -116
-2
-4 4 -120
Linearity
-6 T = -40°C
T = +125°C 2 -124
-8
See Electrical Characteristics for VREF Operating Range.
-10 0 -128
-2.5 -2.0 -1.5 -1.0 -0.5 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5
VIN (V) VREF (V)

Figure 41. Figure 42.

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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
NOISE AND LINEARITY
vs INPUT COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE NOISE vs TEMPERATURE
14 14 12
Low-Power Mode
12 12 10
High-Speed Mode
10 10

INL (ppm of FSR)

RMS Noise (mV)


RMS Noise (mV)

Noise 8
Low-Speed Mode
8 8
6
6 6
Linearity 4
4 4 High-Resolution Mode

2 2 2

0 0 0
-0.5 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125
Input Common-Mode Voltage (V) Temperature (°C)

Figure 43. Figure 44.

TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION AND NOISE


NOISE vs REFERENCE VOLTAGE vs CLK
12 0 14
High-Speed High-Speed Mode
Low-Power fCLK > 32.768MHz: VREF = 2.048V, DVDD = 2.1V
10 -20 12
THD: AIN = fCLK/5120, -0.5dBFS
-40 Noise: Shorted Input 10

Noise RMS (mV)


8
Noise (mV)

THD (dB)

Low-Speed -60 8
6 Noise
-80 6
4 THD
High-Resolution -100 4

2 -120 2
See Electrical Characteristics for VREF Operating Range.
0 -140 0
0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 10k 100k 1M 10M 100M
VREF (V) CLK (Hz)
Figure 45. Figure 46.

COMMON-MODE REJECTION POWER-SUPPLY REJECTION


vs INPUT FREQUENCY vs POWER-SUPPLY FREQUENCY
0 0
Common-Mode Rejection (dB)

Power-Supply Rejection (dB)

-20 -20

-40 -40

-60 -60
AVDD
-80 -80

DVDD
-100 -100
IOVDD
-120 -120
10 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10 100 1k 10k 100k 1M
Input Frequency (Hz) Power-Supply Modulation Frequency (Hz)

Figure 47. Figure 48.

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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
ADS1274 AVDD CURRENT ADS1274 DVDD CURRENT
vs TEMPERATURE vs TEMPERATURE
70 25

60 High-Speed and
20 High-Speed Mode
High-Resolution Modes

DVDD Current (mA)


AVDD Current (mA)

50

15
40
High-Resolution Mode
30
10
Low-Power Mode Low-Power Mode
20
5
10 Low-Speed Mode
Low-Speed Mode
0 0
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125
Temperature (°C) Temperature (°C)

Figure 49. Figure 50.

ADS1274 IOVDD CURRENT ADS1274 POWER DISSIPATION


vs TEMPERATURE vs TEMPERATURE
0.25 400

350
0.20 High-Speed Mode
Power Dissipation (mW)

300
IOVDD Current (mA)

0.15 250
High-Resolution Mode
High-Speed Mode 200
Low-Power Mode
0.10 150
High-Resolution Mode

100
0.05 Low-Speed Mode
Low-Power Mode Low-Speed Mode 50

0 0
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125
Temperature (°C) Temperature (°C)

Figure 51. Figure 52.

ADS1278 AVDD CURRENT ADS1278 DVDD CURRENT


vs TEMPERATURE vs TEMPERATURE
140 30

120 25 High-Speed Mode


High-Speed and
High-Resolution Modes
DVDD Current (mA)
AVDD Current (mA)

100
20
80 High-Resolution Mode
15
60 Low-Power Mode
Low-Power Mode 10
40

20 5
Low-Speed Mode Low-Speed Mode

0 0
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125
Temperature (°C) Temperature (°C)

Figure 53. Figure 54.

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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)


At TA = +25°C, High-Speed mode, AVDD = +5V, DVDD = +1.8V, IOVDD = +3.3V, fCLK = 27MHz, VREFP = 2.5V, and
VREFN = 0V, unless otherwise noted.
ADS1278 IOVDD CURRENT ADS1278 POWER DISSIPATION
vs TEMPERATURE vs TEMPERATURE
0.5 800

700
0.4

Power Dissipation (mW)


600 High-Speed Mode
IOVDD Current (mA)

0.3 500
High-Speed Mode
400 High-Resolution Mode
0.2 300
Low-Power Mode Low-Power Mode
200
0.1
Low-Speed Mode
High-Resolution Mode 100 Low-Speed Mode
0 0
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 125
Temperature (°C) Temperature (°C)

Figure 55. Figure 56.

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OVERVIEW
High-Speed, High-Resolution, Low-Power, and
The ADS1274 (quad) and ADS1278 (octal) are 24-bit, Low-Speed. Table 2 summarizes the performance of
delta-sigma ADCs based on the single-channel each mode.
ADS1271. They offer the combination of outstanding
dc accuracy and superior ac performance. Figure 57 In High-Speed mode, the maximum data rate is
shows the block diagram. Note that both devices are 144kSPS. In High-Resolution mode, the SNR =
functionally the same, except that the ADS1274 has 111dB (VREF = 3.0V); in Low-Power mode, the power
four ADCs and the ADS1278 has eight ADCs. The dissipation is 31mW/channel; and in Low-Speed
packages are identical, and the ADS1274 pinout is mode, the power dissipation is only 7mW/channel at
compatible with the ADS1278, permitting true drop-in 10.5kSPS. The digital filters can be bypassed,
expandability. The converters are comprised of four enabling direct access to the modulator output.
(ADS1274) or eight (ADS1278) advanced, 6th-order,
The ADS1274/78 is configured by simply setting the
chopper-stabilized, delta-sigma modulators followed
appropriate I/O pins—there are no registers to
by low-ripple, linear phase FIR filters. The modulators
program. Data are retrieved over a serial interface
measure the differential input signal, VIN = (AINP –
that supports both SPI and Frame-Sync formats. The
AINN), against the differential reference, VREF =
ADS1274/78 has a daisy-chainable output and the
(VREFP – VREFN). The digital filters receive the
ability to synchronize externally, so it can be used
modulator signal and provide a low-noise digital
conveniently in systems requiring more than eight
output. To allow tradeoffs among speed, resolution,
channels.
and power, four operating modes are supported:

AVDD VREFP VREFN DVDD IOVDD

Mod 1
R S Mod 2
VCOM Modulator
Output
R VREF
Mod 8

AINP1 VIN1 DS Digital


S DRDY/FSYNC
Modulator1 Filter1 SPI
AINN1 SCLK
and
Frame-Sync DOUT[4:1]/[8:1](1)
Interface
DIN
AINP2 VIN2 DS Digital
S Modulator2 Filter2
AINN2
TEST[1:0]
FORMAT[2:0]
CLK
Control
SYNC
Logic
PWDN[4:1]/[8:1](1)
AINP4/8(1) VIN4/8 DS Digital CLKDIV
(1)
S Modulator4/8(1) Filter4/8(1)
AINN4/8 MODE[1:0]

AGND DGND

(1) The ADS1274 has four channels; the ADS1278 has eight channels.

Figure 57. ADS1274/ADS1278 Block Diagram

Table 2. Operating Mode Performance Summary


MODE MAX DATA RATE (SPS) PASSBAND (kHz) SNR (dB) NOISE (μVRMS) POWER/CHANNEL (mW)
High-Speed 144,531 65,472 106 8.5 70 (1)
High-Resolution 52,734 23,889 110 5.5 64
Low-Power 52,734 23,889 106 8.5 31
Low-Speed 10,547 4,798 107 8.0 7

(1) Specified at 105kSPS.

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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION controlled. Furthermore, the digital filters are


synchronized to start the convolution phase at the
The ADS1274/78 is a delta-sigma ADC consisting of same modulator clock cycle. This design results in
four/eight independent converters that digitize excellent phase match among the ADS1274/78
four/eight input signals in parallel. channels.
The converter is composed of two main functional Figure 35 shows the inter-device channel sample
blocks to perform the ADC conversions: the matching for the ADS1274 and ADS1278.
modulator and the digital filter. The modulator
samples the input signal together with sampling the The phase match of one 4-channel ADS1274 to that
reference voltage to produce a 1s density output of another ADS1274 (eight or more channels total)
stream. The density of the output stream is may not have the same degree of sampling match.
proportional to the analog input level relative to the As a result of manufacturing variations, differences in
reference voltage. The pulse stream is filtered by the internal propagation delay of the internal CLK signal
internal digital filter where the output conversion coupled with differences of the arrival of the external
result is produced. CLK signal to each device may cause larger sampling
match errors. Equal length CLK traces or external
In operation, the input signal is sampled by the clock distribution devices can be used to reduce the
modulator at a high rate (typically 64x higher than the sampling match error between devices.
final output data rate). The quantization noise of the
modulator is moved to a higher frequency range
where the internal digital filter removes it. FREQUENCY RESPONSE
Oversampling results in very low levels of noise The digital filter sets the overall frequency response.
within the signal passband. The filter uses a multi-stage FIR topology to provide
linear phase with minimal passband ripple and high
Since the input signal is sampled at a very high rate,
stop band attenuation. The filter coefficients are
input signal aliasing does not occur until the input
identical to the coefficients used in the ADS1271. The
signal frequency is at the modulator sampling rate.
oversampling ratio of the digital filter (that is, the ratio
This architecture greatly relaxes the requirement of
of the modulator sampling to the output data rate, or
external antialiasing filters because of the high
fMOD/fDATA) is a function of the selected mode, as
modulator sampling rate.
shown in Table 3.
SAMPLING APERTURE MATCHING Table 3. Oversampling Ratio versus Mode
The ADS1274/78 converters operate from the same MODE SELECTION OVERSAMPLING RATIO (fMOD/fDATA)
CLK input. The CLK input controls the timing of the
High-Speed 64
modulator sampling instant. The converter is
designed such that the sampling skew, or modulator High-Resolution 128
sampling aperture match between channels, is Low-Power 64
Low-Speed 64

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High-Speed, Low-Power, and Low-Speed Modes 0

The digital filter configuration is the same in -1


High-Speed, Low-Power, and Low-Speed modes with -2
the oversampling ratio set to 64. Figure 58 shows the -3

Amplitude (dB)
frequency response in High-Speed, Low-Power, and -4
Low-Speed modes normalized to fDATA. Figure 59 -5
shows the passband ripple. The transition from
-6
passband to stop band is shown in Figure 60. The
overall frequency response repeats at 64x multiples -7
of the modulator frequency fMOD, as shown in -8
Figure 61. -9
-10
0 0.45 0.47 0.49 0.51 0.53 0.55
Normalized Input Frequency (fIN/fDATA)
-20

-40 Figure 60. Transition Band Response for


Amplitude (dB)

High-Speed, Low-Power, and Low-Speed Modes


-60

-80
20
-100 0

-120 -20

-40
-140
Gain (dB)

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 -60


Normalized Input Frequency (fIN/fDATA) -80

-100
Figure 58. Frequency Response for High-Speed, -120
Low-Power, and Low-Speed Modes
-140

-160
0.02 0 16 32 48 64
Input Frequency (fIN/fDATA)
0

Figure 61. Frequency Response Out to fMOD for


Amplitude (dB)

-0.02
High-Speed, Low-Power, and Low-Speed Modes
-0.04
These image frequencies, if present in the signal and
not externally filtered, will fold back (or alias) into the
-0.06
passband, causing errors. The stop band of the
-0.08
ADS1274/78 provides 100dB attenuation of
frequencies that begin just beyond the passband and
-0.10
continue out to fMOD. Placing an antialiasing, low-pass
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 filter in front of the ADS1274/78 inputs is
Normalized Input Frequency (fIN/fDATA) recommended to limit possible high-amplitude,
out-of-band signals and noise. Often, a simple RC
filter is sufficient. Table 4 lists the image rejection
Figure 59. Passband Response for High-Speed,
versus external filter order.
Low-Power, and Low-Speed Modes
Table 4. Antialiasing Filter Order Image Rejection
IMAGE REJECTION (dB)
(f–3dB at fDATA)
ANTIALIASING
FILTER ORDER HS, LP, LS HR
1 39 45
2 75 87
3 111 129

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High-Resolution Mode 0

The oversampling ratio is 128 in High-Resolution -1


mode. Figure 62 shows the frequency response in -2
High-Resolution mode normalized to fDATA. Figure 63 -3

Amplitude (dB)
shows the passband ripple, and the transition from -4
passband to stop band is shown in Figure 64. The -5
overall frequency response repeats at multiples of the
-6
modulator frequency fMOD (128 × fDATA), as shown in
Figure 65. The stop band of the ADS1274/78 -7
provides 100dB attenuation of frequencies that begin -8
just beyond the passband and continue out to fMOD. -9
Placing an antialiasing, low-pass filter in front of the -10
ADS1274/78 inputs is recommended to limit possible 0.45 0.47 0.49 0.51 0.53 0.55
high-amplitude out-of-band signals and noise. Often, Normalized Input Frequency (fIN/fDATA)
a simple RC filter is sufficient. Table 4 lists the image
rejection versus external filter order. Figure 64. Transition Band Response for
High-Resolution mode
0

-20
20
-40 0
Amplitude (dB)

-60 -20

-40
-80
-60
Gain (dB)

-100 -80

-120 -100

-120
-140
0 0.25 0.50 0.75 1 -140
Normalized Input Frequency (fIN/fDATA) -160
0 32 64 96 128
Figure 62. Frequency Response for Normalized Input Frequency (fIN/fDATA)
High-Resolution Mode
Figure 65. Frequency Response Out to fMOD for
High-Resolution Mode
0.02

0
Amplitude (dB)

-0.02

-0.04

-0.06

-0.08

-0.10
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
Normalized Input Frequency (fIN/fDATA)

Figure 63. Passband Response for


High-Resolution Mode

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PHASE RESPONSE Table 5. Ideal Output Code versus Input Signal


The ADS1274/78 incorporates a multiple stage, linear INPUT SIGNAL VIN
(AINP – AINN) IDEAL OUTPUT CODE(1)
phase digital filter. Linear phase filters exhibit
constant delay time versus input frequency (constant ≥ +VREF 7FFFFFh
group delay). This characteristic means the time ) VREF
delay from any instant of the input signal to the same 000001h
2 23 * 1
instant of the output data is constant and is
0 000000h
independent of input signal frequency. This behavior
results in essentially zero phase errors when * VREF
FFFFFFh
analyzing multi-tone signals. 2 23 * 1

SETTLING TIME v −VREF ǒ2 2* 1Ǔ


23
23
800000h

As with frequency and phase response, the digital


filter also determines settling time. Figure 66 shows (1) Excludes effects of noise, INL, offset, and gain errors.
the output settling behavior after a step change on
the analog inputs normalized to conversion periods.
The X-axis is given in units of conversion. Note that ANALOG INPUTS (AINP, AINN)
after the step change on the input occurs, the output The ADS1274/78 measures each differential input
data change very little prior to 30 conversion periods. signal VIN = (AINP – AINN) against the common
The output data are fully settled after 76 conversion differential reference VREF = (VREFP – VREFN). The
periods for High-Speed and Low-Power modes, and most positive measurable differential input is +VREF,
78 conversion periods for High-Resolution mode. which produces the most positive digital output code
of 7FFFFFh. Likewise, the most negative measurable
differential input is –VREF, which produces the most
Final Value negative digital output code of 800000h.
100
For optimum performance, the inputs of the
ADS1274/78 are intended to be driven differentially.
Settling (%)

Fully Settled Data


at 76 Conversions
For single-ended applications, one of the inputs
(78 Conversions for (AINP or AINN) can be driven while the other input is
High-Resolution mode) fixed (typically to AGND or +2.5V). Fixing the input to
2.5V permits bipolar operation, thereby allowing full
Initial Value use of the entire converter range.
0
While the ADS1274/78 measures the differential input
signal, the absolute input voltage is also important.
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 This value is the voltage on either input (AINP or
Conversions (1/fDATA) AINN) with respect to AGND. The range for this
voltage is:
Figure 66. Step Response –0.1V < (AINN or AINP) < AVDD + 0.1V
If either input is taken below –0.4V or above
DATA FORMAT (AVDD + 0.4V), ESD protection diodes on the inputs
may turn on. If these conditions are possible, external
The ADS1274/78 outputs 24 bits of data in twos Schottky clamp diodes or series resistors may be
complement format. required to limit the input current to safe values (see
A positive full-scale input produces an ideal output the Absolute Maximum Ratings table).
code of 7FFFFFh, and the negative full-scale input The ADS1274/78 is a very high-performance ADC.
produces an ideal output code of 800000h. The For optimum performance, it is critical that the
output clips at these codes for signals exceeding appropriate circuitry be used to drive the ADS1274/78
full-scale. Table 5 summarizes the ideal output codes inputs. See the Application Information section for
for different input signals. several recommended circuits.

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The ADS1274/78 uses switched-capacitor circuitry to


measure the input voltage. Internal capacitors are
charged by the inputs and then discharged. Figure 67 AINP
shows a conceptual diagram of these circuits. Switch
S2 represents the net effect of the modulator circuitry Zeff = 14kW ´ (6.75MHz/fMOD)
in discharging the sampling capacitor; the actual
implementation is different. The timing for switches S1 AINN
and S2 is shown in Figure 68. The sampling time
(tSAMPLE) is the inverse of modulator sampling
frequency (fMOD) and is a function of the mode, the
CLKDIV input, and CLK frequency, as shown in Figure 69. Effective Input Impedances
Table 6.

VOLTAGE REFERENCE INPUTS


AVDD AGND
(VREFP, VREFN)
The voltage reference for the ADS1274/78 ADC is
the differential voltage between VREFP and VREFN:
S1
AINP VREF = (VREFP – VREFN). The voltage reference is
common to all channels. The reference inputs use a
S2
9pF structure similar to that of the analog inputs with the
equivalent circuitry on the reference inputs shown in
AINN Figure 70. As with the analog inputs, the load
S1
presented by the switched capacitor can be modeled
with an effective impedance, as shown in Figure 71.
AGND AVDD However, the reference input impedance depends on
the number of active (enabled) channels in addition to
ESD Protection fMOD. As a result of the change of reference input
impedance caused by enabling and disabling
channels, the regulation and setting time of the
Figure 67. Equivalent Analog Input Circuitry external reference should be noted, so as not to
affect the readings.
tSAMPLE = 1/fMOD
ON VREFP VREFN
S1
OFF
ON AGND AGND
S2
OFF

AVDD AVDD
Figure 68. S1 and S2 Switch Timing for Figure 67
ESD
Protection
Table 6. Modulator Frequency (fMOD) Mode
Selection
MODE SELECTION CLKDIV fMOD
High-Speed 1 fCLK/4
High-Resolution 1 fCLK/4 Figure 70. Equivalent Reference Input Circuitry
1 fCLK/8
Low-Power
0 fCLK/4
VREFP VREFN
1 fCLK/40
Low-Speed
0 fCLK/8

The average load presented by the switched


capacitor input can be modeled with an effective Zeff =
5.2kW
´ (6.75MHz/fMOD)
differential impedance, as shown in Figure 69. Note N

that the effective impedance is a function of fMOD. N = number of active channels.

Figure 71. Effective Reference Impedance

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ESD diodes protect the reference inputs. To keep As with any high-speed data converter, a high-quality,
these diodes from turning on, make sure the voltages low-jitter clock is essential for optimum performance.
on the reference pins do not go below AGND by Crystal clock oscillators are the recommended clock
more than 0.4V, and likewise do not exceed AVDD by source. Make sure to avoid excess ringing on the
0.4V. If these conditions are possible, external clock input; keeping the clock trace as short as
Schottky clamp diodes or series resistors may be possible, and using a 50Ω series resistor placed
required to limit the input current to safe values (see close to the source end, often helps.
the Absolute Maximum Ratings table).
Table 8. Clock Input Options
A high-quality reference voltage with the appropriate
drive strength is essential for achieving the best MODE MAX fCLK DATA RATE
SELECTION (MHz) CLKDIV fCLK/fDATA (SPS)
performance from the ADS1274. Noise and drift on
the reference degrade overall system performance. High-Speed 37 1 256 144,531

See the Application Information section for example High-Resolution 27 1 512 52,734
reference circuits. 27 1 512
Low-Power 52,734
13.5 0 256
CLOCK INPUT (CLK) 27 1 2,560
Low-Speed 10,547
5.4 0 512
The ADS1274/78 requires a clock input for operation.
The individual converters of the ADS1274/78 operate
from the same clock input. At the maximum data rate, MODE SELECTION (MODE)
the clock input can be either 27MHz or 13.5MHz for
Low-Power mode, or 27MHz or 5.4MHz for The ADS1274/78 supports four modes of operation:
Low-Speed mode, determined by the setting of the High-Speed, High-Resolution, Low-Power, and
CLKDIV input. For High-Speed mode, the maximum Low-Speed. The modes offer optimization of speed,
CLK input frequency is 37MHz. For High-Resolution resolution, and power. Mode selection is determined
mode, the maximum CLK input frequency is 27MHz. by the status of the digital input MODE[1:0] pins, as
In High-Speed mode, operating conditions are shown in Table 9. The ADS1274/78 continually
restricted depending on the clock input frequency. monitors the status of the MODE pin during
The limitations are summarized in Table 7. operation.

Table 7. High-Speed Mode fCLK Conditions Table 9. Mode Selection


MODE[1:0] MODE SELECTION MAX fDATA (1)
VREF
fCLK (MHz) (V) DVDD (V) INTERFACE 00 High-Speed 144,531

0.5 to 01 High-Resolution 52,734


0.1 ≤ fCLK ≤ 27 1.65 to 1.95 Frame-Sync or SPI
3.1 10 Low-Power 52,734
0.5 to 11 Low-Speed 10,547
27 < fCLK ≤ 32.768 1.65 to 1.95 Frame-Sync
2.6
(1) fCLK = 27MHz max (37MHz max in High-Speed mode).
0.5 to
32.768 < fCLK ≤ 37 2.0 to 2.2 Frame-Sync
2.1 When using the SPI protocol, DRDY is held high after
a mode change occurs until settled (or valid) data are
The selection of the external clock frequency (fCLK) ready; see Figure 72 and Table 10.
does not affect the resolution of the ADS1274/78.
Use of a slower fCLK can reduce the power In Frame-Sync protocol, the DOUT pins are held low
consumption of an external clock buffer. The output after a mode change occurs until settled data are
data rate scales with clock frequency, down to a ready; see Figure 72 and Table 10. Data can be read
minimum clock frequency of fCLK = 100kHz. Table 8 from the device to detect when DOUT changes to
summarizes the ratio of the clock input frequency logic 1, indicating that the data are valid.
(fCLK) to data rate (fDATA), maximum data rate and
corresponding maximum clock input for the four
operating modes.

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MODE[1:0]
Pins

ADS1274/78 Previous
Mode
New Mode
Mode
tNDR-SPI

SPI
DRDY
Protocol
New Mode
Valid Data Ready
tNDR-FS
Frame-Sync DOUT
Protocol

New Mode
Valid Data on DOUT

Figure 72. Mode Change Timing

Table 10. New Data After Mode Change


SYMBOL DESCRIPTION MIN TYP MAX UNITS
tNDR-SPI Time for new data to be ready (SPI) 129 Conversions (1/fDATA)
tNDR-FS Time for new data to be ready (Frame-Sync) (1) 127 128 Conversions (1/fDATA)

(1) If mode change is asynchronous to the FSYNC clock, tNDR-FS varies from 127 to 128 conversions. If the mode change is made
synchronous to FSYNC, tNDR-FS is stable.

SYNCHRONIZATION (SYNC) See Figure 74 for the Frame-Sync format timing


The ADS1274/78 can be synchronized by pulsing the requirement.
SYNC pin low and then returning the pin high. When After synchronization, indication of valid data
the pin goes low, the conversion process stops, and depends on whether SPI or Frame-Sync format was
the internal counters used by the digital filter are used.
reset. When the SYNC pin returns high, the
conversion process restarts. Synchronization allows In the SPI format, DRDY goes high as soon as SYNC
the conversion to be aligned with an external event, is taken low; see Figure 73. After SYNC is returned
such as the changing of an external multiplexer on high, DRDY stays high while the digital filter is
the analog inputs, or by a reference timing pulse. settling. Once valid data are ready for retrieval,
DRDY goes low.
Because the ADS1274/78 converters operate in
parallel from the same master clock and use the In the Frame-Sync format, DOUT goes low as soon
same SYNC input control, they are always in as SYNC is taken low; see Figure 74. After SYNC is
synchronization with each other. The aperture match returned high, DOUT stays low while the digital filter
among internal channels is typically less than 500ps. is settling. Once valid data are ready for retrieval,
However, the synchronization of multiple devices is DOUT begins to output valid data. For proper
somewhat different. At device power-on, variations in synchronization, FSYNC, SCLK, and CLK must be
internal reset thresholds from device to device may established before taking SYNC high, and must then
result in uncertainty in conversion timing. remain running. If the clock inputs (CLK, FSYNC or
SCLK) are subsequently interrupted or reset,
The SYNC pin can be used to synchronize multiple re-assert the SYNC pin.
devices to within the same CLK cycle. Figure 73
illustrates the timing requirement of SYNC and CLK For consistent performance, re-assert SYNC after
in SPI format. device power-on when data first appear.

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tCSHD

CLK
tSCSU

SYNC tSYN
tNDR

DRDY

Figure 73. Synchronization Timing (SPI Protocol)

Table 11. SPI Protocol


SYMBOL DESCRIPTION MIN TYP MAX UNITS
tCSHD CLK to SYNC hold time 10 ns
tSCSU SYNC to CLK setup time 5 ns
tSYN Synchronize pulse width 1 CLK periods
tNDR Time for new data to be ready 129 Conversions (1/fDATA)

tCSHD

CLK
tSCSU

tSYN
SYNC

FSYNC

tNDR

DOUT Valid Data

Figure 74. Synchronization Timing (Frame-Sync Protocol)

Table 12. Frame-Sync Protocol


SYMBOL DESCRIPTION MIN TYP MAX UNITS
tCSHD CLK to SYNC hold time 10 ns
tSCSU SYNC to CLK setup time 5 ns
tSYN Synchronize pulse width 1 CLK periods
tNDR Time for new data to be ready (1) 127 128 Conversions (1/fDATA)

(1) If SYNC is asynchronous to the FSYNC clock, then tNDR varies from 127 to 128 conversions, starting from the rising edge of SYNC. If
SYNC is made synchronous to the FSYNC clock, then tNDR is stable.

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POWER-DOWN (PWDN) 3. Detect for non-zero data in the powered-up


channel.
The channels of the ADS1274/78 can be
independently powered down by use of the PWDN After powering up one or more channels, the
inputs. To enter the power-down mode, hold the channels are synchronized to each other. It is not
respective PWDN pin low for at least two CLK cycles. necessary to use the SYNC pin to synchronize them.
To exit power-down, return the corresponding PWDN
When a channel is powered down in TDM data
pin high. Note that when all channels are powered
format, the data for that channel are either forced to
down, the ADS1274/78 enters a microwatt (μW)
zero (fixed-position TDM data mode) or replaced by
power state where all internal biasing is disabled. In
shifting the data from the next channel into the
this state, the TEST[1:0] input pins must be driven; all
vacated data position (dynamic-position TDM data
other input pins can float. The ADS1274/78 outputs
mode).
remain driven.
In Discrete data format, the data are always forced to
As shown in Figure 75 and Table 13, a maximum of
zero. When powering-up a channel in
130 conversion cycles must elapse for SPI interface,
dynamic-position TDM data format mode, the channel
and 129 conversion cycles must elapse for
data remain packed until the data are ready, at which
Frame-Sync, before reading data after exiting
time the data frame is expanded to include the
power-down. Data from channels already running are
just-powered channel data. See the Data Format
not affected. The user software can perform the
section for details.
required delay time in any of the following ways:
1. Count the number of data conversions after
taking the PWDN pin high.

2. Delay 129/fDATA or 130/fDATA after taking the


PWDN pins high, then read data.

CLK ··· ···

tPWDN
PWDN tNDR

(1)
DRDY/FSYNC

DOUT Post Power-Up Data


(Discrete Data Output Mode)

DOUT1 Normal Position Data Shifts Position Normal Position


(TDM Mode, Dynamic Position)

DOUT1
(TDM Mode, Fixed Position) Normal Position Data Remains in Position Normal Position

(1) In SPI protocol, the timing occurs on the falling edge of DRDY/FSYNC. Powering down all channels forces DRDY/FSYNC high.

Figure 75. Power-Down Timing

Table 13. Power-Down Timing


SYMBOL DESCRIPTION MIN TYP MAX UNITS
tPWDN PWDN pulse width to enter Power-Down mode 2 CLK periods
tNDR Time for new data ready (SPI) 129 130 Conversions (1/fDATA)
(1)
tNDR Time for new data ready (Frame-Sync) 128 129 Conversions (1/fDATA)

(1) FSYNC clock running prior to the rising edge of PWDN. If PWDN is asynchronous to the FSYNC clock, tNDR-FS varies from 127 to 128
conversions. If PWDN is made synchronous to FSYNC, then tNDR-FS is stable.

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FORMAT[2:0] Even though the SCLK input has hysteresis, it is


recommended to keep SCLK as clean as possible to
Data can be read from the ADS1274/78 with two prevent glitches from accidentally shifting the data.
interface protocols (SPI or Frame-Sync) and several
options of data formats (TDM/Discrete and SCLK may be run as fast as the CLK frequency.
Fixed/Dynamic data positions). The FORMAT[2:0] SCLK may be either in free-running or stop-clock
inputs are used to select among the options. Table 14 operation between conversions. Note that one fCLK is
lists the available options. See the DOUT Modes required after the falling edge of DRDY until the first
section for details of the DOUT Mode and Data rising edge of SCLK. For best performance, limit
Position. fSCLK/fCLK to ratios of 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, etc. When the
device is configured for modulator output, SCLK
Table 14. Data Output Format becomes the modulator clock output (see the
INTERFACE DOUT DATA
Modulator Output section).
FORMAT[2:0] PROTOCOL MODE POSITION
000 SPI TDM Dynamic
DRDY/FSYNC (SPI Format)
001 SPI TDM Fixed In the SPI format, this pin functions as the DRDY
010 SPI Discrete — output. It goes low when data are ready for retrieval
and then returns high on the falling edge of the first
011 Frame-Sync TDM Dynamic
subsequent SCLK. If data are not retrieved (that is,
100 Frame-Sync TDM Fixed SCLK is held low), DRDY pulses high just before the
101 Frame-Sync Discrete — next conversion data are ready, as shown in
110 Modulator Mode — — Figure 76. The new data are loaded within one CLK
cycle before DRDY goes low. All data must be shifted
out before this time to avoid being overwritten.
SERIAL INTERFACE PROTOCOLS
Data are retrieved from the ADS1274/78 using the 1/fDATA
1/fCLK
serial interface. Two protocols are available: SPI and
DRDY
Frame-Sync. The same pins are used for both
interfaces: SCLK, DRDY/FSYNC, DOUT[4:1]
(DOUT[8:1] for ADS1278), and DIN. The SCLK
FORMAT[2:0] pins select the desired interface
protocol. Figure 76. DRDY Timing with No Readback

SPI SERIAL INTERFACE DOUT


The SPI-compatible format is a read-only interface. The conversion data are output on DOUT[4:1]/[8:1].
Data ready for retrieval are indicated by the falling The MSB data are valid on DOUT[4:1]/[8:1] after
DRDY output and are shifted out on the falling edge DRDY goes low. Subsequent bits are shifted out with
of SCLK, MSB first. The interface can be each falling edge of SCLK. If daisy-chaining, the data
daisy-chained using the DIN input when using shifted in using DIN appear on DOUT after all
multiple devices. See the Daisy-Chaining section for channel data have been shifted out. When the device
more information. is configured for modulator output, DOUT[4:1]/[8:1]
NOTE: The SPI format is limited to a CLK input becomes the modulator data output for each channel
frequency of 27MHz, maximum. For CLK input (see the Modulator Output section).
operation above 27MHz (High-Speed mode only),
use Frame-Sync format. DIN
This input is used when multiple ADS1274/78s are to
SCLK be daisy-chained together. The DOUT1 pin of the first
The serial clock (SCLK) features a Schmitt-triggered device connects to the DIN pin of the next, etc. It can
input and shifts out data on DOUT on the falling be used with either the SPI or Frame-Sync formats.
edge. It also shifts in data on the falling edge on DIN Data are shifted in on the falling edge of SCLK. When
when this pin is being used for daisy-chaining. The using only one ADS1274/78, tie DIN low. See the
device shifts data out on the falling edge and the user Daisy-Chaining section for more information.
normally shifts this data in on the rising edge.

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FRAME-SYNC SERIAL INTERFACE DOUT


Frame-Sync format is similar to the interface often The conversion data are shifted out on
used on audio ADCs. It operates in slave DOUT[4:1]/[8:1]. The MSB data become valid on
fashion—the user must supply framing signal FSYNC DOUT[4:1]/[8:1] after FSYNC goes high. The
(similar to the left/right clock on stereo audio ADCs) subsequent bits are shifted out with each falling edge
and the serial clock SCLK (similar to the bit clock on of SCLK. If daisy-chaining, the data shifted in using
audio ADCs). The data are output MSB first or DIN appear on DOUT[4:1]/[8:1] after all channel data
left-justified on the rising edge of FSYNC. When have been shifted out. When the device is configured
using Frame-Sync format, the FSYNC and SCLK for modulator output, DOUT becomes the modulator
inputs must be continuously running with the data output (see the Modulator Output section).
relationships shown in the Frame-Sync Timing
Requirements. DIN
This input is used when multiple ADS1274/78s are to
SCLK be daisy-chained together. It can be used with either
The serial clock (SCLK) features a Schmitt-triggered SPI or Frame-Sync formats. Data are shifted in on
input and shifts out data on DOUT on the falling the falling edge of SCLK. When using only one
edge. It also shifts in data on the falling edge on DIN ADS1274/78, tie DIN low. See the Daisy-Chaining
when this pin is being used for daisy-chaining. Even section for more information.
though SCLK has hysteresis, it is recommended to
keep SCLK as clean as possible to prevent glitches DOUT MODES
from accidentally shifting the data. When using
For both SPI and Frame-Sync interface protocols, the
Frame-Sync format, SCLK must run continuously. If it
data are shifted out either through individual channel
is shut down, the data readback will be corrupted.
DOUT pins, in a parallel data format (Discrete mode),
The number of SCLKs within a frame period (FSYNC
or the data for all channels are shifted out, in a serial
clock) can be any power-of-2 ratio of CLK cycles (1,
format, through a common pin, DOUT1 (TDM mode).
1/2, 1/4, etc), as long as the number of cycles is
sufficient to shift the data output from all channels
TDM Mode
within one frame. When the device is configured for
modulator output, SCLK becomes the modulator In TDM (time-division multiplexed) data output mode,
clock output (see the Modulator Output section). the data for all channels are shifted out, in sequence,
on a single pin (DOUT1). As shown in Figure 77, the
DRDY/FSYNC (Frame-Sync Format) data from channel 1 are shifted out first, followed by
channel 2 data, etc. After the data from the last
In Frame-Sync format, this pin is used as the FSYNC
channel are shifted out, the data from the DIN input
input. The frame-sync input (FSYNC) sets the frame
follow. The DIN is used to daisy-chain the data output
period, which must be the same as the data rate. The
from an additional ADS1274/78 or other compatible
required number of fCLK cycles to each FSYNC period
device. Note that when all channels of the
depends on the mode selection and the CLKDIV
ADS1274/78 are disabled, the interface is disabled,
input. Table 8 indicates the number of CLK cycles to
rendering the DIN input disabled as well. When one
each frame (fCLK/fDATA). If the FSYNC period is not
or more channels of the device are powered down,
the proper value, data readback will be corrupted.
the data format of the TDM mode can be fixed or
dynamic.

SCLK 1 2 23 24 25 47 48 49 71 72 73 95 96 97 167 168 169 191 192 193 194 195

DOUT1
CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4 DIN
(ADS1274)

DOUT1
CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4 CH5 CH7 CH8 DIN
(ADS1278)

DRDY
(SPI)

FSYNC
(Frame-Sync)

Figure 77. TDM Mode (All Channels Enabled)

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TDM Mode, Fixed-Position Data TDM Mode, Dynamic Position Data


In this TDM data output mode, the data position of In this TDM data output mode, when a channel is
the channels remain fixed, regardless of whether the powered down, the data from higher channels shift
channels are powered down. If a channel is powered one position in the data stream to fill the vacated data
down, the data are forced to zero but occupy the slot. Figure 79 shows the data stream with channel 1
same position within the data stream. Figure 78 and channel 3 powered down.
shows the data stream with channel 1 and channel 3
powered down. Discrete Data Output Mode
In Discrete data output mode, the channel data are
shifted out in parallel using individual channel data
output pins DOUT[4:1]/[8:1]. After the 24th SCLK, the
channel data are forced to zero. The data are also
forced to zero for powered down channels. Figure 80
shows the discrete data output format.

SCLK 1 2 23 24 25 47 48 49 71 72 73 95 96 97 167 168 169 191 192 193 194 195

DOUT1
CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4 DIN
(ADS1274)

DOUT1
CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4 CH5 CH7 CH8 DIN
(ADS1278)

DRDY
(SPI)

FSYNC
(Frame-Sync)

Figure 78. TDM Mode, Fixed-Position Data (Channels 1 and 3 Shown Powered Down)

SCLK 1 2 23 24 25 47 48 49 50 119 120 121 143 144 145 145 146

DOUT1
(ADS1274) CH2 CH4 DIN

DOUT1
(ADS1278) CH2 CH4 CH5 CH7 CH8 DIN

DRDY
(SPI)

FSYNC
(Frame- Sync)

Figure 79. TDM Mode, Dynamic Position Data (Channels 1 and 3 Shown Powered Down)

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SCLK 1 2 22 23 24 25 26

DOUT1 CH1

DOUT2 CH2

DOUT3 CH3

DOUT4 CH4

DOUT5 CH5

DOUT6 CH6
ADS1278 Only
DOUT7 CH7

DOUT8 CH8

DRDY
(SPI)

FSYNC
(Frame-Sync)

Figure 80. Discrete Data Output Mode

DAISY-CHAINING Table 15. Maximum Channels in a Daisy-Chain


(fSCLK = fCLK)
Multiple ADS1274/78s can be daisy-chained together
to output data on a single pin. The DOUT1 data MAXIMUM NUMBER
MODE SELECTION CLKDIV OF CHANNELS
output pin of one device is connected to the DIN of
the next device. As shown in Figure 81, the DOUT1 High-Speed 1 10
pin of device 1 provides the output data to a High-Resolution 1 21
controller, and the DIN of device 2 is grounded. 1 21
Figure 82 shows the data format when reading back Low-Power
0 10
data.
1 106
Low-Speed
The maximum number of channels that may be 0 21
daisy-chained in this way is limited by the frequency
of fSCLK, the mode selection, and the CLKDIV input. Whether the interface protocol is SPI or Frame-Sync,
The frequency of fSCLK must be high enough to it is recommended to synchronize all devices by tying
completely shift the data out from all channels within the SYNC inputs together. When synchronized in SPI
one fDATA period. Table 15 lists the maximum number protocol, it is only necessary to monitor the DRDY
of daisy-chained channels when fSCLK = fCLK. output of one ADS1274/78.
To increase the number of data channels possible in In Frame-Sync interface protocol, the data from all
a chain, a segmented DOUT scheme may be used, devices are ready after the rising edge of FSYNC.
producing two data streams. Figure 83 illustrates four
ADS1274/78s, with pairs of ADS1274/78s Since DOUT1 and DIN are both shifted on the falling
daisy-chained together. The channel data of each edge of SCLK, the propagation delay on DOUT1
daisy-chained pair are shifted out in parallel and creates a setup time on DIN. Minimize the skew in
received by the processor through independent data SCLK to avoid timing violations.
channels.

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ADS1274/78 ADS1274/78
SYNC SYNC
U2 SYNC
U1

CLK CLK CLK DRDY DRDY Output from Device 1


DIN DOUT1 DIN
DOUT1 DOUT from Devices 1 and 2
SCLK SCLK SCLK

NOTE: The number of chained devices is limited by the SCLK rate and device mode.

Figure 81. Daisy-Chaining of Two Devices, SPI Protocol (FORMAT[2:0] = 000 or 001)

SCLK 1 2 25 26 49 50 73 74 97 98 193 194 217 218 385 386

DOUT1 CH1, U1 CH2, U1 CH3, U1 CH4, U1 CH5, U1 CH1, U2 CH2, U2 DIN2

DRDY
(SPI)

FSYNC
(Frame-Sync)

Figure 82. Daisy-Chain Data Format of Figure 81 (ADS1278 shown)

SYNC

CLK Serial Data


Devices 3 and 4
ADS1274/78 ADS1274/78 ADS1274/78 ADS1274/78
U4 U3 U2 U1
SYNC SYNC SYNC SYNC
CLK CLK CLK CLK
Serial Data
DIN DOUT1 DIN DOUT1 DIN DOUT1 DIN DOUT1
Devices 1 and 2
FSYNC FSYNC FSYNC FSYNC
SCLK SCLK SCLK SCLK

SCLK

FSYNC

NOTE: The number of chained devices is limited by the SCLK rate and device mode.

Figure 83. Segmented DOUT Daisy-Chain, Frame-Sync Protocol (FORMAT[2:0] = 011 or 100)

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POWER SUPPLIES MODULATOR OUTPUT


The ADS1274/78 has three power supplies: AVDD, The ADS1274/78 incorporates a 6th-order, single-bit,
DVDD, and IOVDD. AVDD is the analog supply that chopper-stabilized modulator followed by a
powers the modulator, DVDD is the digital supply that multi-stage digital filter that yields the conversion
powers the digital core, and IOVDD is the digital I/O results. The data stream output of the modulator is
power supply. The IOVDD and DVDD power supplies available directly, bypassing the internal digital filter.
can be tied together if desired (+1.8V). To achieve The digital filter is disabled, reducing the DVDD
rated performance, it is critical that the power current, as shown in Table 16. In this mode, an
supplies are bypassed with 0.1μF and 10μF external digital filter implemented in an ASIC, FPGA,
capacitors placed as close as possible to the supply or similar device is required. To invoke the modulator
pins. A single 10μF ceramic capacitor may be output, tie FORMAT[2:0], as shown in Figure 85.
substituted in place of the two capacitors. DOUT[4:1]/[8:1] then becomes the modulator data
stream outputs for each channel and SCLK becomes
Figure 84 shows the start-up sequence of the the modulator clock output. The DRDY/FSYNC pin
ADS1274/78. At power-on, bring up the DVDD supply becomes an unused output and can be ignored. The
first, followed by IOVDD and then AVDD. Check the normal operation of the Frame-Sync and SPI
power-supply sequence for proper order, including interfaces is disabled, and the functionality of SCLK
the ramp rate of each supply. DVDD and IOVDD may changes from an input to an output, as shown in
be sequenced at the same time (for example, if the Figure 85.
supplies are tied together). Each supply has an
internal reset circuit whose outputs are summed Table 16. Modulator Output Clock Frequencies
together to generate a global power-on reset. After
the supplies have exceeded the reset thresholds, 218 MODULATOR
fCLK cycles are counted before the converter initiates CLOCK ADS1274 ADS1278
MODE OUTPUT DVDD DVDD
the conversion process. Following the CLK cycles, [1:0] CLKDIV (SCLK) (mA) (mA)
the data for 129 conversions are suppressed by the
00 1 fCLK/4 4.5 8
ADS1274/78 to allow output of fully-settled data. In
SPI protocol, DRDY is held high during this interval. 01 1 fCLK/4 4.0 7
In frame-sync protocol, DOUT is forced to zero. The 1 fCLK/8 2.5 4
10
power supplies should be applied before any analog 0 fCLK/4 2.5 4
or digital pin is driven. For consistent performance, 1 fCLK/40 1.0 1
assert SYNC after device power-on when data first 11
0 fCLK/8 0.5 1
appear.

(1)
DVDD 1V nom DOUT1 Modulator Data Channel 1
DOUT2 Modulator Data Channel 2
IOVDD 1V nom
(1)
IOVDD

AVDD (1)
3V nom DIN
Internal Reset
FORMAT0
CLK FORMAT1 DOUT4/8(1) Modulator Data Channel 4/8(1)
18 FORMAT2 SCLK Modulator Clock Output
2 129 (max)
fCLK tDATA

DRDY (1) The ADS1274 has four channels; the ADS1278 has eight
(SPI Protocol)
channels.
DOUT
(Frame-Sync Protocol) Figure 85. Modulator Output
Valid Data

(1) The power-supply reset thresholds are approximate.

Figure 84. Start-Up Sequence

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In modulator output mode, the frequency of the Table 17. Test Mode Pin Map (TEST[1:0] = 11)
modulator clock output (SCLK) depends on the mode TEST MODE PIN MAP
selection of the ADS1274/78. Table 16 lists the
INPUT PINS OUTPUT PINS
modulator clock output frequency and DVDD current
versus device mode. PWDN1 DOUT1
PWDN2 DOUT2
Figure 86 shows the timing relationship of the
PWDN3 DOUT3
modulator clock and data outputs.
PWDN4 DOUT4
The data output is a modulated 1s density data PWDN5 DOUT5
stream. When VIN = +VREF, the 1s density is
PWDN6 DOUT6
approximately 80% and when VIN = –VREF, the 1s
density is approximately 20%. PWDN7 DOUT7
PWDN8 DOUT8
Modulator MODE0 DIN
SCLK
Clock Output
MODE1 SYNC
Modulator FORMAT0 CLKDIV
DOUT
Data Output FORMAT1 FSYNC/DRDY
(13ns max) FORMAT2 SCLK

Figure 86. Modulator Output Timing VCOM OUTPUT


The VCOM pin provides a voltage output equal to
PIN TEST USING TEST[1:0] INPUTS AVDD/2. The intended use of this output is to set the
output common-mode level of the analog input
The test mode feature of the ADS1274 and ADS1278 drivers. The drive capability of the output is limited;
allows continuity testing of the digital I/O pins. In this therefore, the output should only be used to drive
mode, the normal functions of the digital pins are high-impedance nodes (> 1MΩ). In some cases, an
disabled and routed to each other as pairs through external buffer may be necessary. A 0.1μF bypass
internal logic, as shown in Table 17. The pins in the capacitor is recommended to reduce noise pickup.
left column drive the output pins in the right column.
Note: some of the digital input pins become outputs;
these outputs must be accommodated in the design.
The analog input, power supply, and ground pins all ADS1274/78
remain connected as normal. The test mode is OPA350
VCOM » (AVDD/2)
engaged by setting the pins TEST [1:0] = 11. For 0.1mF
normal converter operation, set TEST[1:0] = 00. Do
not use '01' or '10'.
Figure 87. VCOM Output

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APPLICATION INFORMATION
5. Reference Inputs: It is recommended to use a
To obtain the specified performance from the minimum 10μF tantalum with a 0.1μF ceramic
ADS1274/78, the following layout and component capacitor directly across the reference inputs,
guidelines should be considered. VREFP and VREFN. The reference input should
1. Power Supplies: The device requires three be driven by a low-impedance source. For best
power supplies for operation: DVDD, IOVDD, and performance, the reference should have less than
AVDD. The allowed range for DVDD is 1.65V to 3μVRMS in-band noise. For references with noise
1.95V; (for 32.768MHz < fCLK ≤ 37MHz: 2.0V to higher than this level, external reference filtering
2.2V) the range of IOVDD is 1.65V to 3.6V; may be necessary.
AVDD is restricted to 4.75V to 5.25V. For all 6. Analog Inputs: The analog input pins must be
supplies, use a 10μF tantalum capacitor, driven differentially to achieve specified
bypassed with a 0.1μF ceramic capacitor, placed performance. A true differential driver or
close to the device pins. Alternatively, a single transformer (ac applications) can be used for this
10μF ceramic capacitor can be used. The purpose. Route the analog inputs tracks (AINP,
supplies should be relatively free of noise and AINN) as a pair from the buffer to the converter
should not be shared with devices that produce using short, direct tracks and away from digital
voltage spikes (such as relays, LED display tracks. A 1nF to 10nF capacitor should be used
drivers, etc.). If a switching power-supply source directly across the analog input pins, AINP and
is used, the voltage ripple should be low (less AINN. A low-k dielectric (such as COG or film
than 2mV) and the switching frequency outside type) should be used to maintain low THD.
the passband of the converter. Capacitors from each analog input to ground can
2. Ground Plane: A single ground plane connecting be used. They should be no larger than 1/10 the
both AGND and DGND pins can be used. If size of the difference capacitor (typically 100pF)
separate digital and analog grounds are used, to preserve the ac common-mode performance.
connect the grounds together at the converter. 7. Component Placement: Place the power supply,
3. Digital Inputs: It is recommended to analog input, and reference input bypass
source-terminate the digital inputs to the device capacitors as close as possible to the device
with 50Ω series resistors. The resistors should be pins. This layout is particularly important for
placed close to the driving end of digital source small-value ceramic capacitors. Larger (bulk)
(oscillator, logic gates, DSP, etc.) This placement decoupling capacitors can be located farther from
helps to reduce ringing on the digital lines (ringing the device than the smaller ceramic capacitors.
may lead to degraded ADC performance).
Figure 88 to Figure 90 illustrate basic connections
4. Analog/Digital Circuits: Place analog circuitry and interfaces that can be used with the ADS1274.
(input buffer, reference) and associated tracks
together, keeping them away from digital circuitry
(DSP, microcontroller, logic). Avoid crossing
digital tracks across analog tracks to reduce
noise coupling and crosstalk.

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(1)
THS4521 ADS1274/ADS1278 +3.3V TMS320VC5509

IN1(+) AINP1 IOVDD DVDD (I/O)


(2)
10mF
IN1(-) (3)
AINN1
2.2nF

CLK
50W
DRDY/FSYNC FSR
U2

¼
DOUT1 0 Q DR
U1 CVDD
SCLK > Q +1.6V
50W (CORE)
DOUT2 CLKR
See
DOUT3 Note (5) 200MHz
IN4/8(+) AINP4/8
DOUT4
IN4/8(-) (3)
AINN4/8
+5V 2.2nF SYNC

PWDN1 I/O
AVDD
+ (2)
10mF (6) PWDN2
+1.8V DVDD
(2)
10mF PWDN3
See
PWDN4
Note (6)
1mF
REF5025 VREFP
+ (2)
10mF 0.1mF CLKDIV +3.3V
VREFN
(High-Speed, Frame-Sync, TDM,
MODE0 and Fixed-Position data selected.)
+5V VCOM
(2) MODE1
0.1mF (4) TEST0
100W TEST1 FORMAT2 +3.3V
Buffered
VCOM OPA350 DIN FORMAT1
Output AGND
DGND FORMAT0

(1) External Schottky clamp diodes or series resistors may be needed to prevent overvoltage on the inputs. Place the THS4521 drivers close
to the ADS1278 inputs.
(2) Indicates ceramic capacitors.
(3) Indicates COG ceramic capacitors.
(4) Optional. For pin test mode.
(5) U1: SN74LVC1G04; U2: SN74LVC2G74. These components re-clock the ADS1274/78 data output to interface to the TMS320VC5509.
(6) If CLK > 32.768MHz, use the REF5020 and DVDD = 2.1V.

Figure 88. ADS1274 Basic Connection Drawing

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1kW 1kW 1kW 249W


VIN
(2) (2)
1.5nF 5.6nF

Buffered (1)
Buffered (1) +5V
+5V VCOM
VCOM 49.9W
49.9W Output
Output
AINP AINP
VOCM
VOCM THS4521
VIN THS4521 49.9W 49.9W
0.1mF 0.1mF AINN
AINN (3)
(3)

VO DIFF = 0.25 ´ VIN


(2)
VO COMM = VREF
(2) 5.6nF
1.5nF

1kW 1kW 1kW 249W

(1) Bypass with 10μF and 0.1μF capacitors.


(1) Bypass with 10μF and 0.1μF capacitors.
(2) 2.7nF for Low-Power mode; 15nF for Low-Speed mode.
(2) 10nF for Low-Power mode; 56nF for Low-Speed mode.
(3) Alternate driver OPA1632 (using ±12V supplies).
(3) Alternate driver OPA1632 (using ±12V supplies).
Figure 89. Basic Differential Input Signal
Interface Figure 90. Basic Single-Ended Input Signal
Interface

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PowerPAD THERMALLY-ENHANCED die pad to be attached to the PCB using standard


PACKAGING flow soldering techniques. This configuration allows
efficient attachment to the PCB and permits the board
The PowerPAD concept is implemented in standard structure to be used as a heatsink for the package.
epoxy resin package material. The integrated circuit Using a thermal pad identical in size to the die pad
is attached to the leadframe die pad using thermally and vias connected to the PCB ground plane, the
conductive epoxy. The package is molded so that the board designer can now implement power packaging
leadframe die pad is exposed at a surface of the without additional thermal hardware (for example,
package. This design provides an extremely low external heatsinks) or the need for specialized
thermal resistance to the path between the IC assembly instructions.
junction and the exterior case. The external surface
of the leadframe die pad is located on the printed Figure 91 illustrates a cross-section view of a
circuit board (PCB) side of the package, allowing the PowerPAD package.

Mold Compound
IC Die (Epoxy)

Wire Bond Wire Bond

Leadframe Die Pad


Exposed at Base of Package

Die Attach Epoxy


(thermally conductive)

Leadframe

Figure 91. Cross-Section View of a PowerPAD Thermally-Enhanced Package

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PowerPAD PCB Layout Considerations The via connections to the thermal pad and internal
ground plane should be plated completely around the
Figure 92 shows the recommended layer structure for
hole, as opposed to the typical web or spoke thermal
thermal management when using a PowerPad
relief connection. Plating entirely around the thermal
package on a 4-layer PCB design. Note that the
via provides the most efficient thermal connection to
thermal pad is placed on both the top and bottom
the ground plane.
sides of the board. The ground plane is used as the
heatsink, while the power plane is thermally isolated
Additional PowerPAD Package Information
from the thermal vias.
Texas Instruments publishes the PowerPAD
Figure 93 shows the required thermal pad etch
Thermally Enhanced Package Application Report (TI
pattern for the HTQFP-64 package used for the
literature number SLMA002), available for download
ADS1274. Nine 13mil (0.33mm) thermal vias plated
at www.ti.com, that provides a more detailed
with 1 ounce of copper are placed within the thermal
discussion of PowerPAD design and layout
pad area for the purpose of connecting the pad to the
considerations. Before attempting a board layout with
ground plane layer. The ground plane is used as a
the ADS1274, it is recommended that the hardware
heatsink in this application. It is very important that
engineer and/or layout designer be familiar with the
the thermal via diameter be no larger than 13mils in
information contained in this document.
order to avoid solder wicking during the reflow
process. Solder wicking results in thermal voids that
reduce heat dissipation efficiency and hampers heat
flow away from the IC die.

Package
Thermal Pad
Component
Traces
13mils (0.33mm)
Component (top) Side

Thermal Via

Ground Plane

Power Plane

Thermal Isolation
(power plane only)

Solder (bottom) Side

Package
Thermal Pad
(bottom trace)

Figure 92. Recommended PCB Structure for a 4-Layer Board

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118mils (3mm)
40mils (1mm)

40mils (1mm)
Package Outline

Thermal Pad

40mils (1mm)

40mils (1mm)

118mils (3mm)

316mils (8mm)

Thermal Via
13mils (0.33mm)

316mils (8mm)

Figure 93. Thermal Pad Etch and Via Pattern for the HTQFP-64 Package

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REVISION HISTORY
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.

Changes from Revision E (September 2010) to Revision F Page

• Deleted selective disclosure statement from document ....................................................................................................... 1

Changes from Revision D (July 2009) to Revision E Page

• Added supplemental timing requirements (tDOPD) to SPI Format Timing Specification table ............................................... 8
• Added supplemental timing requirements (tDOPD and tMSBPD) to Frame-Sync Format Timing Specification table ................ 9

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PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com 11-Feb-2011

PACKAGING INFORMATION

Orderable Device Status


(1) Package Type Package Pins Package Qty Eco Plan
(2) Lead/ MSL Peak Temp
(3) Samples
Drawing Ball Finish (Requires Login)
ADS1274IPAPR ACTIVE HTQFP PAP 64 1000 Green (RoHS CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR
& no Sb/Br)
ADS1274IPAPRG4 ACTIVE HTQFP PAP 64 1000 Green (RoHS CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR
& no Sb/Br)
ADS1274IPAPT ACTIVE HTQFP PAP 64 250 Green (RoHS CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR
& no Sb/Br)
ADS1274IPAPTG4 ACTIVE HTQFP PAP 64 250 Green (RoHS CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR
& no Sb/Br)
ADS1278IPAPR ACTIVE HTQFP PAP 64 1000 Green (RoHS CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR
& no Sb/Br)
ADS1278IPAPRG4 ACTIVE HTQFP PAP 64 1000 Green (RoHS CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR
& no Sb/Br)
ADS1278IPAPT ACTIVE HTQFP PAP 64 250 Green (RoHS CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR
& no Sb/Br)
ADS1278IPAPTG4 ACTIVE HTQFP PAP 64 250 Green (RoHS CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR
& no Sb/Br)

(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.

(2)
Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)

(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. -- The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.

Addendum-Page 1
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com 11-Feb-2011

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OTHER QUALIFIED VERSIONS OF ADS1278 :

NOTE: Qualified Version Definitions:

Addendum-Page 2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION

www.ti.com 11-Feb-2011

TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION

*All dimensions are nominal


Device Package Package Pins SPQ Reel Reel A0 B0 K0 P1 W Pin1
Type Drawing Diameter Width (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) Quadrant
(mm) W1 (mm)
ADS1274IPAPR HTQFP PAP 64 1000 330.0 24.4 13.0 13.0 1.5 16.0 24.0 Q2
ADS1274IPAPT HTQFP PAP 64 250 330.0 24.4 13.0 13.0 1.5 16.0 24.0 Q2
ADS1278IPAPR HTQFP PAP 64 1000 330.0 24.4 13.0 13.0 1.5 16.0 24.0 Q2
ADS1278IPAPT HTQFP PAP 64 250 330.0 24.4 13.0 13.0 1.5 16.0 24.0 Q2

Pack Materials-Page 1
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION

www.ti.com 11-Feb-2011

*All dimensions are nominal


Device Package Type Package Drawing Pins SPQ Length (mm) Width (mm) Height (mm)
ADS1274IPAPR HTQFP PAP 64 1000 346.0 346.0 41.0
ADS1274IPAPT HTQFP PAP 64 250 346.0 346.0 41.0
ADS1278IPAPR HTQFP PAP 64 1000 346.0 346.0 41.0
ADS1278IPAPT HTQFP PAP 64 250 346.0 346.0 41.0

Pack Materials-Page 2
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