Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7

Le Bureau du Procureur

The Office of the Prosecutor

OTPWeeklyBriefing

Issue101 1117October 2011


ProsecutorMoreno Ocampomeetswith PresidentOuattarain CtedIvoireto strengthencooperation PresidentAlBashirvisits Malawiforatrade summit

NEWS

ProsecutorMorenoOcampogreetsCtedIvoirePresident,AlassaneOuattara,andCharlesKonan Banny,PresidentoftheTruth,DialogueandReconciliationCommission

ICCProsecutorsofficialvisittoCtedIvoire
14OctoberProsecutorMorenoOcampowasinvitedtoCtedIvoirebyPresidentAlassaneOuattaratodiscusstopicsrelated to the Truth, Dialogue and Reconciliation Commission, as well as future cooperation actions to strengthen future justice procedures. TheProsecutormetwithPresidentOuattara, thePresidentoftheCommission,CharlesKonanBanny,aswellaswithleaders oftheoppositionandmembersofcivilsociety. The Prosecutor stated: I am grateful to President Ouattara for extending the invitation for me to conduct an official visit to Cte dIvoire.WewillalsomeetmembersoftheOpposition.Wewillmeetwithvictims,andlistentotheirviewsandconcerns.Webelieveitis criticallyimportanttomeetwiththeTruth,DialogueandReconciliationCommission,whichhasacrucialmandatetocontributetothe preventionofnewcrimesandthereconciliationofallIvorians.MyOfficeiscloselymonitoringelectionrelateddevelopmentsincludingin neighbouringcountriessuchasLiberia,whichcouldaffectstabilisationthroughouttheWestAfricanregion.Wewillpaycloseattentionto theactionsandstatementsofthepoliticalleaders.Resortingtoviolencewillnotbetolerated.

MalawihostsPresidentOmarAlBashir
14OctoberMalawihasallowedSudanesePresidentOmarAlBashirintothecountryforaregionaltradesummit,despitethe outstanding ICC arrest warrants issued against him. Regarding this visit, the spokesperson of EU High Representative Catherine Ashton stated: The High Representative is concerned by the announced visit of President of Sudan Omar Al Bashir to Malawi,astatepartytotheICContheoccasionoftheCOMESASummit,on14October2011.TheCourtisavaluableinstrumentofthe internationalcommunitytoensurethatthereisnoimpunityforthemostseriouscrimesofinternationalconcern;theirprosecutionmustbe ensured by measures at both domestic and international level. The Malawi Deputy Foreign Minister Kondwani Nankhumwa

affirmed that: MalawibelievesinbrotherlycoexistencebetweenCOMESA(CommonMarketforEasternandSouthernAfrica)states andbeyondsowewillnotarresthim.HeisafreepersoninMalawi. The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay said: I call on governments and remind them of their legal obligations, and I am disappointed when they do not keep up their obligations; while the U.K Foreign Office Minister Henry BellinghamstatedthathewasdisappointedthatMalawihostedPresidentBashirofSudanindefianceofInternationalCriminalCourt arrestwarrantsforwarcrimes,crimesagainsthumanityandgenocide. SeveralNGOshavealsoreactedtothetrip.HumanRightsWatchstatedthatMalawiwasboundbyitsinternationalobligations to arrest Bashir, while Amnesty International declared that President Mutharikas public reluctance to back the ICC is unacceptable, and the authorities have legal obligations to provide real justice for victims of crimes against humanity and other crimes underinternationallawinDarfur,andshouldnotbewelcominginternationalfugitives. On 19 October, PreTrial Chamber I issued a decision requesting the Republic of Malawi to submit, no later than 11 November,anyobservationswithregardtoitsallegedfailuretocomplywiththecooperationrequestsissuedbytheCourtfor thearrestand surrenderofPresidentAlBashir.TheChamberalsonotedarticle87(7)oftheStatuteprovidingthat[w]herea StatePartyfailstocomplywitharequest tocooperatebytheCourtcontrarytotheprovisionsofthisStatute[...]theCourtmaymakea findingtothateffectandreferthemattertotheAssemblyofStatesPartiesor,wheretheSecurityCouncilreferredthemattertotheCourt, totheSecurityCouncil.

OVERVIEW 7situationsunderinvestigation 12casesinrelationto25persons 18arrestwarrants11outstanding


I.PreliminaryExaminations

OTPActivities

3trials 3confirmationofchargesproceedings 8preliminaryexaminationsin4differentcontinents

PreliminaryexaminationsrefertotheanalyticalprocessbywhichtheOTPassesseswhetherthereisareasonablebasistoproceedwithan investigationinagivensituation. In accordance with Article 15 of the Statute, the OTP proactively gathers and evaluates information from multiple sources, including communicationsfromindividualsandpartiesconcerned(phase1initialreview).Followingasequentialprocess,andirrespectiveofthe mechanism by which the jurisdiction of the Court is triggered, the Office then applies the same legal criteria laid out in Article 53 of the Statute, namely temporal/territorial/personal jurisdiction (phase 2a), subjectmatter jurisdiction (phase 2b), admissibility, including complementarityandgravity(phase3)andtheinterestsofjustice(phase4). Currently, the OTP is conducting preliminary examinations into nine situations: Palestine (phase 2a), Afghanistan, Honduras, Korea and Nigeria(phase2b),Colombia,GeorgiaandGuinea(Phase3).

II.InvestigationsandProsecutions

1.SituationintheDemocraticRepublicoftheCongo(DRC)Referred:April2004InvestigationOpened:June2004 Trials TheProsecutorvThomasLubangaDyilochargedwithwarcrimesagainstchildrencommittedintheIturiregion20022003 Status:Trialfinishedon26August2011,pendingjudgment TheProsecutorvGermainKatangaandMathieuNgudjoloChuichargedwithwarcrimesandcrimesagainsthumanitycommittedduring theattackofthevillageofBogorointheIturiregionon24February2003 Status:Defencecasepresentationongoing ConfirmationofChargesHearing TheProsecutorvCallixteMbarushimanachargedwithwarcrimesandcrimesagainsthumanity,includingmassivesexualviolence,


committedintheNorthandSouthKivus20092010 Status:Hearingheldfrom16to21September2011,pendingdecision WarrantPending TheProsecutorvBoscoNtagandachargedwithwarcrimesagainstchildrencommittedintheIturiregion20022003 Issued:22August2006

4 6 October In the case of Prosecutor v.GermainKatanga andMathieuNgudjolo Chui, Germain Katanga testified that that Kinshasabackedmilitaryforces(APC)trained,planedandpreparedattacksagainsttheUPC,includinginBogoro,andthathe participatedinbattlesunderAPCcommand.WhileheparticipatedinasmallerattackonBogoroon10February,hetestified thathedidnotparticipateinthemainattackheischargedwithon24Februaryashewasforbiddenbytheelders,whohad the ability to instruct combatants. He expressed his surprise that civilians were killed in Bogoro since he had thought that therewerenonepresentthereatallandclaimedtolackanyknowledgeoftheparticipationofNgudjolosforcesintheattack. He provided details of the circumstances leading to the signature of the Agreement on the cessation of hostilities and the formationoftheMainStaffFNIFRPIinMarch/April2003. 6OctoberInthecaseofProsecutorv.CallixteMbarushimana,thelegalrepresentativeof95victims,Mr.GhislainM.Mabanga, filed final written submissions on the confirmation of charges, requesting PreTrial Chamber I to confirm all the charges as detailedintheDocumentContainingtheCharges.HerefutedtheargumentsadvancedbytheDefenceconcerningtheFDLRs responsibilityfortheallegedcrimes,thefactsandtheSuspectscriminalresponsiblyunderArticle25(3)(d)andarguedthat thereissufficientevidencetoestablishsubstantialgroundstobelievethattheSuspectcommittedthecrimes. 6OctoberInthecaseofProsecutorv.CallixteMbarushimana,LegalRepresentativeof37victims,Mr.MayomboKassongo,filed finalwrittensubmissionsontheconfirmationofcharges,requestingthatPreTrialChamberIconfirmallthechargesagainst theSuspectgivenhispositionasoneofthehighestleadersoftheFDLRandtheevidencepresentedbytheProsecution. 2.SituationinUgandaReferred:January2004Investigationopened:July2004 WarrantsPending: TheProsecutorvJosephKonyetal.chargedwithwarcrimesandcrimesagainsthumanitycommittedduringLRAsinsurgencyactivities inNorthernUganda20022004 Issued:8July2005

3.SituationinDarfur,theSudanReferred:March2005Investigationopened:June2005
Trial TheProsecutorvAbdallahBandaAbakaerNourainandSalehMohammedJerboJamuschargedwithwarcrimescommittedduringanattack againsttheHaskanitaAUpeacekeepingbaseinNorthDarfuron29September2007 Status:Chargesconfirmed,trialdatetobeset Prosecutiontopresentadditionalevidence TheProsecutorvBaharIdrissAbuGardachargedwithwarcrimescommittedduringanattackagainsttheHaskanitaAUpeacekeeping baseinNorthDarfuron29September2007 WarrantsPending: TheProsecutorvOmarAlBashirchargedwithwarcrimes,crimesagainsthumanityandgenocidecommittedaspartofthecounter insurgencycampaigninDarfur20032008(atleast) Issued:4March2009&12July2010 TheProsecutorvAliKushaybandAhmadHarunchargedwithwarcrimesandcrimesagainsthumanitycommittedduringtheattacks againstthecivilianpopulationinDarfurAugust2003March2004 Issued:27February2007

13OctoberPresidentAlBashir,whowasaddressingaconferenceoftheyouthsectorofhisrulingNationalCongressParty (NCP), said that Sudan had successfully defied the UNSCs resolution 2003 to amend the mandate of the UNAU Peacekeeping Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) as well as resolution 1706 to expand the mandate of the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS)toincludedeploymentinDarfur.They canshovethenewresolutionsAlBashirsaid,reiteratinghisthreatstoexpel whoever is tempted to implement the resolution 2003. Sudan has rejected the UNSCs resolution 2003 which extended UNAMIDsmandateforoneyearandinstructedthemissiontocoordinatecloselywiththenewlyindependentstateofSouth Sudan,theUNMissioninSouthSudan(UNMISS)andtheUnitedNationsInterimSecurityForceforAbyei(UNISFA). 4.SituationintheCentralAfricanRepublic(CAR)Referred:January2005Investigationopened:May2007 Trial: TheProsecutorvJeanPierreBembaGombochargedwithwarcrimesandcrimesagainsthumanity,includingamassiverapecampaign, committedinCARbetween26October200215March2003 Status:Prosecutioncasepresentationongoing 5.SituationinKenyaOTPrequesttostartinvestigation:November2009Investigationopened:March2010
ConfirmationofChargesHearing: TheProsecutorvWilliamSamoeiRuto,HenryKipronoKosgeyandJoshuaArapSangchargedwithcrimesagainsthumanitycommitted duringthepostelectoralviolenceinKenya30December2007endJanuary2008 Status:Hearingheldfrom1to9September2011,pendingdecision mmedHusseinAlichargedwithcrimesagainsthumanity TheProsecutorvFrancisKirimiMuthaura,UhuruMuigaiKenyattaandMoha committedduringthepostelectoralviolenceinKenya2431January2008 Status:Hearingheldfrom21Septemberto6October2011,pendingdecision

6OctoberThe ProsecutionopposedtheGoKsrequesttohaveaccesstoallstatements,documentsandotherevidenceinthe Courts possession in the Kenya situation and in the two Kenya cases to the extent that its seeks confidential prosecutorial documents it submitted to the Court. It submitted that the suspects have the ability to influence GoK policy and that any informationprovidedtotheKenyanauthoritiescouldbeusedtoattackvictimsandwitnesses.Itfurthersubmittedthatthe new request failed to satisfy the requirements for granting a request for assistance, in particular, the requirements of specificity,relevanceandnecessity.

6.SituationinLibyaReferred:February2011Investigationopened:March2011

WarrantsPending: TheProsecutorvMuammarAbuMinyaGaddafi,SaifAlIslamGaddafiandAbdullahAlSanousichargedwithcrimesagainsthumanity committedduringattacksonthecivilianpopulationbytheLibyanSecurityForces15Februaryatleast28February2011 Issued:27June2011

7.SituationinCtedIvoireOTPrequesttostartinvestigation:June2011InvestigationopenedOctober2011

Status:3October2011PreTrialChamberIIIauthorizestheProsecutortoopenaninvestigationintothesituationinCtedIvoiresince 28November2010
\

4OctoberIntheinvestigationintothesituationinCtedIvoire,theProsecutionrequestedaccesstoAnnexes1to1089ofthe VRPS Report, consisting of victims representations, which were originally filed by the Registry as confidential ex parte availableonly totheRegistry.TheProsecutionsubmittedthattheRegistryhadmadenoshowing,asrequiredbyregulation 24bis(2)oftheRegulationsoftheCourt,thattheProsecutionsknowledgeofthecontentsofalltheannexeswoulddefeattheir purpose,whichistomakeobservationsabouttheProsecutionsrequesttoopenaninvestigation.

III.ArrestsCooperation

10PERSONSSOUGHTBYTHECOURT

TheProsecutorv BoscoNtaganda(moreinformationhere) Currentlocation:DRC,inandaroundGoma TheProsecutorv JosephKonyetal(moreinformationhere) Currentlocation:variously,atdifferenttimes,intheborderareabetweenDRC,CARandSouthSudan 14OctoberUnitedStatesPresidentBarackObamaannouncedthedeploymentofaround100militaryadvisorsandtroopsto helpstoptheLRA.PresidentObama statedthatSince2008,theUnitedStateshassupportedregionalmilitaryeffortstopursuethe LRAandprotectlocalcommunities.Regionalmilitaryeffortshavethusfarbeenunsuccessful inremovingLRAleaderJosephKonyorhis topcommandersfromthebattlefield.TheCongressalsoexpressedsupportforincreased,comprehensiveU.Seffortstohelpmitigateand eliminatethethreatposedbytheLRAtociviliansandregionalstability. He also argued that during November, additionalforces willdeploy,includingasecondcombatequippedteamandassociatedheadquarters,communications,andlogisticspersonnel. TheProsecutorv MuammarGaddafi,SaifAlIslamGaddafiandAbdullahAlSenussi (moreinformationhere) Currentlocation:Libya 10 OctoberInthe3117thForeignAffairsCouncilmeeting,theEuropeanUnionrecalledthedutytocomplywiththearrest warrantsissuedbytheICCanditsexpectationthatallstateswillcooperatefullywiththeCourt.ItwelcomedtheNTCscall thatthoseresponsibleforserioushumanrightsviolationsduringtheconflictwillswiftlyfacejusticeinaccordancewithdue process, and its commitment to end impunity. In addition, the EU stressed the need to fully respect all international

obligations and the rule of law, in particular human rights and international humanitarian law, while it welcomed the statements by NTC President Abdul Jalil concerning the need to refrain from reprisals and to protect minorities and vulnerablegroups. TheProsecutorv AhmedHarunandAliKushayb (moreinformationhere) Currentlocation:SouthKordofan,Sudan(A.Harun) Sudan(A.Kushayb)

TheProsecutorv OmarHassanAhmadAlBashir(moreinformationhere) Currentlocation:Khartoum,Sudan

IV.OtherCooperation
10 October The Government of the Republic of Cape Verde ratified the Rome Statute, which will enter into force on 1st January2012,bringingthetotalnumbersofICCStatesPartiesto119.ParliamentariansforGlobalActionconsiderthe119th ratificationasasignofAfricansolidaritywiththevictimsofthemostseriousinternationalcrimesinAfricaandelsewhere. 1618 October The Prosecutor and Deputy Prosecutor,, togetherwithagroupofseniorpolicymakers,participated in a retreat on the future of the ICC organized in Triesenberg, by the Government of Liechtenstein with the support of the Liechtenstein Institute on Self DeterminationatPrincetonUniversity.TheProsecutorand Deputy Prosecutor participated in the discussions, and JCCD Director, Phakiso Mochochoko, gave a presentation ontheCourtschallengesregardingcooperation. 18OctoberWhileinAlgeria,UKForeignSecretaryWilliamHaguestatedthathewoulddiscussthesituationinLibyawiththe Algerian government following the visit to Tripoli. As a neighbour of Libya, Algeria has an important role to play and I will urge the GovernmenttocooperatewiththeLibyanauthoritiesandtheICCas theyseekto bringtojusticeindictedmembersoftheformerQadhafi regime.

V.UpcomingEvents

October
3 4 OTPNGO Roundtable 10 17 Prosecutor participatesin RetreatonICC withASP President, Liechtenstein 24 11 18 12 19 5 OTPNGO Roundtable 13 20 14 21 15 22 16 23 6 7 1 8 2 9

25

26

27

28

29

30 Prosecutor addressesthe ThirdSessionof theInternational ForumonCrime andCriminal

Lawinthe GlobalEra, Beijing 31

November
1 Prosecutor briefstheUN Security Councilonthe situationin Libya, NewYork 8 Prosecutor addresses Hague Academic Coalition Conference, TheHague 15 Deputy Prosecutor attendsscreening ofThe Prosecutorat Oxford University, Oxford 22 29 16 Prosecutor addressesthe JFKForum, Harvard University, CambridgeMA 17 18 19 20 21 9 10 2 3 4 Prosecutor deliverskeynote speechtoASIL midyear meeting,Los Angeles 5 6 Prosecutor attends screeningofThe Prosecutorat USC,Los Angeles 7

11

12

13

13

23 30

24

25

26

27

28

VII.OtherInformation

*ThisdocumentreflectstheviewsoftheOfficeoftheProsecutoroftheICC.Formoreinformation,contactMrs.OliviaSwaakGoldman,InternationalCooperationAdviser intheOfficeoftheProsecutor,atOlivia.SwaakGoldman@icccpi.int