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Japanese Continuers

Stage 6

Vocabulary List

2000
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© Board of Studies NSW 2000

Published by
Board of Studies NSW
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Australia

Tel: (02) 9367 8111

ISBN 0 7313 4464 2

Internet: http://www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au

200065
Contents
Page

Expressions

Place names

Numerals

Days/Months

Counters

Suffixes/prefixes

Prescribed kanji
( ) love (to love)

( ) greeting (to greet)

ice cream

period, time, interval, while

to meet

blue

red

baby

bright, light

[vi] to go up, to enter [a Japanese house]

autumn

to give up, to abandon

to get tired of, to become bored [with something]

[vi] to open

( ) accessories (to wear accessories)

[vt] to open

[vt] to give, to raise

morning

* breakfast

the day after tomorrow

* leg, foot

flavour, taste

tomorrow

to leave, to deposit,

to get someone to mind something

( ) perspiration (to perspire)

over there

to play, to amuse oneself

warm

4
head

new

that way, that one over there

hot

[vi] to gather

[vt] to gather, to collect

( ) ( ) after, later, subsequently

you

elder brother [own]

elder sister [own]

that (over there)

apartment, flat

dangerous

aborigine

sweet

not very

rain

to wash

to be, to exist [inanimate objects]

* to walk

( ) part-time job (to work part-time)

that (over there)

( ) allergy (to have an allergy)

( ) ( ) relief (to be relieved)

( ) *( ) safety (safe)

like that, that sort of

( ) guide (to guide, to show around)

5
good

to say

house

less than

- - - - bound for [transport]

to go

how many?, how old?

how much?

ikebana [flower arrangement]

opinion

bullying, torment

to bully, to torment

( ) ( ) doctor

more than

chair

busy

to hurry

painful, sore

to receive [humble]

strawberry

all day long

the best, the most, number one

when?

sometime, someday

anytime

together, with

with all one’s might

full, a lot

generally

6
always

cousin

countryside

to disappear [animate objects]

dog

( ) breach, offence (to breach)

now

meaning

( ) immigrant / emigrant (to immigrate/emigrate)

younger sister [own]

younger sister [someone else’s]

( ) unpleasant

( ) earrings (to wear earrings)

to go, to come, to be [honorific]

entrance

to be, to exist [animate objects]

to need

to put in, to make [tea, coffee]

* colour

( ) various

impression

international

internet

( ) interview (to conduct an interview)

wool

violin

waiter

waitress

above, on, the upper part of

7
to plant

( ) waterpolo (to play waterpolo)

wombat

reception (desk)

[vi] * to move

rabbit

cow, cattle

behind

( ) ( ) lie (to lie, to tell a lie)

song

to sing

house, home, family

beautiful

arm

udon [Japanese wheat noodles]

horse

skilful, tasty

to be born

beach, sea, ocean

to be envious

* counter, shop

to sell

noisy, annoying

to be happy

jacket

( ) luck (to have good / bad luck)

( ) driving (to drive)

driver

( ) *( ) exercise (to exercise)

* sports carnival

8
* * playground, sportsground

picture, painting

air conditioner / air conditioning

movie, film

movie theatre

* English [language]

influence

* * English-Japanese dictionary

( ) nutrition (nutritious)

station

station lunch box

escalator

Edo [previous name of Tokyo],Edo period/era

postcard

great, extraordinary, superior

to choose, to select, to elect

lift, elevator

yen [Japanese currency], circle

engineer

( ) ( ) excursion (to go on an excursion)

pencil

( ) to hesitate, to refrain, to hold back

9
nephew

delicious, tasty

( ) celebration (to celebrate)

return [trip, ticket]

many, numerous

big, large

size, dimensions

many [people]

New Year’s Eve

motorbike

owner

mother [someone else’s]

sweets, lollies

funny, strange, odd

money

[vi] to get up, to wake up

to put, to place

wife [someone else’s], married woman

present, gift

to be late

to send

[vt] to wake someone up

pocket money

to happen

to get angry

grandfather, old man

* to teach, to tell

uncle [own]

10
uncle [someone else’s], middle-aged man

( ) bow (to bow)

( ) talkative, chatty

to push, to shove

late, slow

awful, terrible, dreadful, fearful

your house

[vi] to fall

* Japanese tea

to say [honorific]

change [money]

* toilet

sound, noise

father [someone else’s]

younger brother [own]

younger brother [someone else’s]

male, man

boy

man

New Year’s pocket money

[vt] to drop, to let fall

the day before yesterday

the year before last

adult

quiet, gentle, obedient

dance

to dance

to be surprised, to be amazed

( ) stomach (to become hungry)

same

11
older brother [someone else’s]

rice ball

older sister [someone else’s]

( ) wish (to make a wish, to request,

to ask a favour)

aunt [own]

aunt [someone else’s], middle aged woman

grandmother, old woman

opal

obi, sash, belt [for a kimono/yukata]

to learn by heart, to rote learn, to remember

souvenir

heavy

to remember, to recollect, to recall

memories, recollections

to think

weight

interesting, amusing, funny

parent(s)

snack

to swim

origami [paper folding]

to come down, to get off [transport]

orange

to fold, to break

end

to end

music

hot spring

female, woman

12
girl

woman


( ) card (to send a card)

girlfriend

seashore, coast

meeting [business], conference

accountant

foreign country, overseas

foreign language

( ) ( ) foreigner

* company, office

* * company employee, office worker

stairs

tour guide

guidebook

shopping

foreign borrowed words

conversation

to buy

to keep [pets]

counsellor

counter

to return, to give back

to go home

[vt] to change [something]

face

* science

* chemistry

13
to take [time], to cost [money]

( ) key, lock (to lock)

to write

to draw, to paint

student

umbrella

to decorate

volcano

* fire

singer

to lend

gas

number

wind

( ) a cold (to catch a cold)

( ) cassette (tape)

to count

family [own]

petrol

petrol station

shoulder

person [honorific]

hard, tough, solid

katakana [script]

to tidy up

one way [ticket, journey, etc.]

to win

to be disappointed

school term

musical instrument

14
attractive, good-looking

style, appearance

school

* * activity

home, family, household

* home economics

corner

wife [own]

sad

without fail

fairly, quite a bit

( ) ( ) rich

she

bag, briefcase

kabuki [traditional Japanese theatre]

wall

( ) patience (to be patient, to endure)

paper

( ) * ( *) god, God

( ) hair

( ) gum (to chew gum)

camera

* subject [school subject]

itchy

* to commute

Tuesday

from [place], since, because

salty, hot, spicy

( ) karaoke (to do karaoke)

glass

15
body

* karate

to borrow

light [weight]

he

garage

calendar

river

side

cute, charming, pretty

pitiful, pitiable, poor thing

( ) instead of, in place of

[vi] to change

to think [analytically], to consider

kangaroo

environment

relationship, connection

( ) welcome (to welcome)

tourism

tourist

nurse

* kanji [script]

feeling [impression]

to feel

( ) simple, easy

to persist, to try hard


tree, wood

yellow

opportunity, chance

16
machine

to hear, to listen, to ask [a question]

( ) danger (dangerous)

climate

to be audible, to be able to hear

article [newspaper, etc.]

( ) kiss (to kiss)

season

rule, regulation

north

( ) guitar (to play the guitar)

dirty, untidy, messy

* tea room, coffee shop, cafe

postage stamp

surely, undoubtedly, certainly

ticket

commemoration, memory

yesterday

strict, severe

mood, feeling

hope, desire

[vi] to be decided

you [informal]

[vt] to decide, to choose

feeling

kimono

( ) ( ) ) ( * guest, customer, client

[shop]

( ) cancellation (to cancel)

( ) camp (to camp)

17
suddenly

express [train]

beef

milk

salary

today

( ) education (to educate)

* church

* * textbook

* * classroom

( ) race, competition (to compete)

brother(s), sister(s), siblings

( ) interest (to have an interest in)

( ) cooperation (to cooperate)

last year

( ) hate

step~, ~-in-law

to cut

to wear

( ) beautiful, clean

smoking prohibited

( ) ( *) bank (bank employee)

( ) prohibition (to prohibit)

neighbourhood

blond

Friday

to pay attention, to be careful


air-conditioner, cooler

* air

18
* airport

smelly

whale

( ) ( ) medicine (to take medicine)

please [give me]

fruit

mouth

shoe(s)

sock(s)

country, nation

neck

class, group

cloud

cloudy

dark

sportsground, oval

classic

class

club

to compare

to repeat

cricket [game]

Christmas

to come

group

car

to give [to me]

black

( ) pain, trouble (to suffer troubles)

19

( ) plan, schedule (to plan)

( ) experience (to experience)

honorific language

economy, economics

police

mobile phone

cake

( ) game (to play a game)

drama, play

* theatre [drama]

( ) injury (to be injured)

this morning

scenery, view

rubber, eraser

[vt] to switch off, to erase

result, outcome

good [honorific]

( ) marriage, wedding (to get married)

wedding ceremony

Monday

but, however

( ) quarrel, fight, argument (to quarrel)

entrance [of house], front door

( ) ( health, vigour (in good spirits, energetic)

( ) research, study (to research)

health (healthy)

currently, at present, present [time]

( ) ( ) kendo [Japanese fencing], (to do kendo)

( ) ( ) sightseeing (to sightsee)

right(s)


20
* * park

pollution

suburb

( ) passing an exam (to pass an exam)

( ) ( ) exchange (student)

( ) ( ) senior high school (student)

crossroad, intersection

* work, construction

* public phone

* factory

course

coach

* tea

school principal

* school principal’s office

* traffic

* traffic accident

school playground

coat

assembly hall

police box

coffee

* * public servant

cola

( ) * ( ) public (school)

Golden Week

national language [Japanese in Japan,

English in Australia]

international

domestic

21
blackboard

here

afternoon [pm]

heart, spirit

morning [am]

answer, reply

to answer, to reply

kotatsu [low table with heater inside]

( ) feast (to treat someone)

here, this one, this way

chef/cook

parcel

glass [cup]

thing [abstract], fact

this year

word, languages

child, children

this

the other day

these days

this area [around]

( ) copy (to copy)

* meal, cooked rice

to be troubled, to be in trouble

rubbish

rubbish bin

to be crowded

rubber

comedy

( ) golf (to play golf)

22
this

after this, from now on

to fall over, to trip

scared, afraid

[vt] to break

[vi] to be broken

this month

concert

this week

this time, next time

such as this, this sort of

tonight

( ) convenience store

computer

tonight


service

( ) surfing (to surf)

recently

( ) ( ) the last (lastly, finally)

( ) the first (firstly, in the beginning)

purse, wallet

materials, ingredients

[vt] to look for, to search

fish

[vi] to go down

to bloom [flowers]

cherry tree, cherry blossom

composition

( ) sake [rice wine]

23
( ) sashimi [sliced raw fish]

to invite

soccer

a little while ago

magazine

( ) sugar

* * tea ceremony

desert

lonely/to miss someone

cushion [for sitting on]

lonely/to miss someone

cold [weather]

samurai warriors

( ) plate

the week after next

the year after next

salad

salary earner, office worker

monkey

to make a noise, to make a fuss

to touch

( ) participation (to participate in)

industry

( ) agreement (to agree)

sandal(s)

sandwich

regrettable, disappointing

( ) a walk (to go for a walk)


poem, poetry

24
letter, character

( ) game, match (to play a match)

( ) happiness (happy)

CD, compact disc

jeans

chef/cook

( ) salt

qualification

square, rectangular

but, however

to be scolded

time, hour

timetable [school]

ceremony

( ) examination (to pass an examination)

( ) examination (to sit for an examination)

accident

( ) ( ) self-introduction (to introduce oneself)

( ) job, work (to work)

dictionary

earthquake

( ) quiet

nature

under, below, beneath

era, period, time

underwear

intimate, close

( ) unemployment (to lose one’s job)

actually, to tell the truth, the fact is

( ) failure (to fail)

25
( ) question (to ask a question)

dictionary

bicycle

* vending machine

to die

for a while, for some time

one’s own, oneself

island

sister school

* * sister city

[vi] to shut, to close

( ) conservative

[vt] to shut, to close

* society, social studies

( ) photograph (to take a photo)

managing director, president of a company

shirt

to talk, to chat

( ) shower (to have a shower)

( ) ( ) freedom (free)

custom, habit

* religion

address

( ) employment (to find employment)

juice

judo

weekend

school lesson, class

juku [cram school]

homework

26
( ) ( ) husband [someone else’s]

prime minister

( ) * departure (to depart)

capital [city]

housewife

hobby, interest

kind, type

order, turn

( ) preparation (to prepare)

( ) introduction (to introduce)

( ) ( ) primary school (student)

( ) ( ) New Year

primary school

scholarship

shogun [commander in chief]

( ) * ( ) honest

common sense

( ) ( ) good at

novel

( ) invitation (to invite)

( ) ( ) joke (to tell a joke)

( ) ( ) horseriding (to ride a horse)

( ) healthy, strong, sturdy

information

( ) soy sauce

future

* Showa era/period

( ) jogging (to jog)

occupation

( ) * meal (to have a meal)

27
plant

* Japanese calligraphy

to inform, to notify

to investigate, to check up

private school

to know

( ) castle

white

shinkansen, bullet train

population

signal, traffic light

* * shrine [Shinto shrine]

to believe

family relation, relative

( ) kind

* * Shinto [religion]

( ) ( ) worry (to worry)

newspaper

journalist

( ) progress (to make progress)

close friend


( ) swimming (to swim)

watermelon

switch

to be uncrowded, to be empty

Wednesday

mathematics

( ) supermarket

soup

28
( ) skirt (to wear a skirt)

( ) skiing (to ski)

( ) squash (to play squash)

( ) ( ) like, favourite

sukiyaki [name of dish]

at once, immediately

few

terrific, great, incredible

a little, a few

bit by bit, a little at a time

to pass, to spend time

( ) sushi

cool [weather]

( ) start (to start)

much [more], all the way, all the time

sour

steak

( ) lovely, good looking

[vt] to discard, to throw away

stereo

strike, stop work

sand

wonderful, splendid

spaghetti

( ) speech (to give a speech)

speed

spoon

sport

trousers

to live

29
sumo wrestling

slippers

to do, to play [games or sport]

to sit down


( ( ) height (to be tall / short)

character, personality

( ) *( ) way of life, life (to live)

century

( ) success (to succeed)

politics

politician

marks, academic result

( ) luxurious, extravagant

pupil

system

government

uniform

a living thing, biology

* the West

sweater, jumper

world

seat

( ) cough (to cough)

responsibility

( ) absolutely, definitely

( ) explanation (to explain)

back [body]

by all means

narrow, small

30
zero

( ) to take care of someone, to look after someone

( ) election (to elect)

last month

the other day

player, athlete

last week

teacher

... not at all

war

centre

( ) ( ) laundry (to do the laundry)

( ) all, everything, the whole (altogether)

( ) Japanese rice cracker


( ) cleaning (to clean)

sausages

( ) discussion, consultation (to discuss)

straw thongs

there

and after that, and in addition

there, that one, that way

( ) graduation (to graduate)

graduation ceremony

outside

that

beside, nearby

( ) soba [buckwheat noodles]

grandfather [own]

( ) softball (to play softball)

31
grandmother [own]

* sky

that

and after that

or

besides, in addition to that

about time, by and by

( ) respect (to respect)

like that, that sort of

not that much


physical education

gymnasium

athletics carnival

( ) ( ) university (student)

( ) ( ) hate, detest

carpenter

embassy

all right, O.K.

( ) ( ) love

( ) ( ) important, precious

almost all, mostly

usually

kitchen

typhoon

very, terrible, awful

towel

high, tall, expensive

height

therefore

32
to hold in one’s arms, to hug

a lot, many

taxi

* taxi stand

to put out, to send

to help, to save

just, free of charge

* correct, right [as opposed to wrong]

tatami mat

to stand

( ) table tennis (to play table tennis)

vertical

building

for example

enjoyable

to enjoy

to look foward to

to request, to ask a favour

( ) cigarettes (to smoke)

* trip, journey

perhaps, maybe

multiculturalism

food

to eat

egg

occasionally

( ) no good, not be allowed (no good, useless)

to accumulate, to save

to be enough, to suffice

who?

33
someone, somebody

anyone, everyone

word, vocabulary

( ) ( ) birthday

( ) dance (to dance)

gradually

rice field, rice paddy

( ) ( ) blood (to bleed)

small, little

cheese

team

* underground, basement

near

to differ, to be wrong

nearby, closely

* subway, underground railway

* shortcut

the earth

chicken [cooked]

( ) being late (to be late)

map

father [own]

* locality, region, district

* * brown

( ) teacup, bowl

( ) care, attention, caution

(to pay attention, to take care, to warn)

( ) ( ) junior high school (student)

34
junior high school

China

* car park

( ) ( ) parking (to park a car)

( ) order (to place an order)

chalk

exactly, just

chocolate

a little bit, for a moment

* * geography

tour

( ) about ~, regarding ~

( ) * ( ) interpreter (to interpret)

to use

to be tired

month, moon

following, after, next

to arrive

desk

to make

Japanese pickles

[vt] to switch on, to attach

( convenience (convenient/inconvenient)

[vt] to continue

[vi] to continue

boring

that is to say

cold [to touch]

nail, claw

35
intention

( ) fishing (to fish)

crane

to take [someone along]

to bring [someone along]

to work, be employed

rainy season [usually in June in Japan]

strong


hand

T-shirt

set meal

disk

disco

date (to go on a date)

( polite

table

tape

tape recorder

letter

to go out

text

to be able to do, to be completed

as much as possible

technology

exit

dessert

therefore

test

to help, to assist, to aid

36
( ) tennis (to play tennis)

department store

but

( ) ( ) * temple [Buddhist temple]

to leave, to go out, to come out, to attend

television

telephone card

* shop assistant

weather

weather forecast / report

electricity

( ) typical

e-mail

train [electric]

( ) tradition (traditional)

emperor

tempura [name of dish]

( / ) ( / ) telephone (to telephone)


door

toilet

how?, in what way?

why?

at any cost, no matter what

( ) ( ) arrival (to arrive)

tofu [bean curd]

* animal

* * zoo

how?

* the East, the Orient

37
road, street

far away, distant

toast

* street, road

* to pass, to go along

big city, metropolis

time, when

* sometimes

( ) good at

reading

especially, in particular

( ) special

watch, clock

where?

somewhere

anywhere

place

by the way

year, age

( ) ( ) old person

library

on the way, midway

which one, which way

special express train

very

who? [honorific]

next door, next to

which? [of 3 or more]

how much?, about how many?, how long?

to fly, to jump

38
[vi] * to stop

[vi] * to stay [at a hotel, etc]

( ) *( ) friend (to become friends)

( ) *( ) friend (to make friends)

Saturday

( ) drive (to go for a drive)

drama

( ) playing cards (to play cards)

chicken meat

Shinto shrine gateway

( ) effort (to make an effort)

to take, to take off, to get

dollar

which? [of 3 or more things]

crumbed pork cutlet

fast, rapidly

what kind of?

tomato

knife

[vi] to be fixed, to recover

inside

long

length

to cry

[vt] to lose

to die [animate], to disappear [inanimate]

why?

summer

nostalgic, remember fondly

39
etc, and so on

what?

something

nothing, not anything

name

to learn

[vi] to be in a row, to stand in line

to become

to get used to

what?

anything, everything

to suit

smell

bitter

( ) unskilful, bad at

( ) lively, bustling

meat

to smile

west

Sunday

diary

Japan

Japanese food

luggage

to resemble, to be similar

school entrance ceremony

( ) ( ) entering a school (to enter a school)

news

according to~

garden
40
doll

( ) ( ) popularity (to be popular)

to take off [shoes, dress, etc]

a tie

cat

price

fever

( ) necklace (to wear a necklace)

( ) netball (to play netball)

to oversleep

sleepy

to sleep, to go to bed, to lie down

agriculture

note book, exercise book

[vt] to leave

[vi] to remain, to be left over

later

throat

to climb

drink

to drink

a kind of seaweed

to change [transport]

[vi] to get on [transport], to ride

to take it easy, to relax

• •
tooth, teeth

41
* circumstances, case

party

barbeque

hike, hiking

violin

haiku [Japanese 17 syllable poem]

dentist

stall, canteen, kiosk

to enter

postcard

( ) idiot (stupid)

nothing but

to put on [shoes, trousers, etc]

museum

box

scissors

bridge

( ) chopsticks

[vt] to begin, to start

at first, firstly

for the first time

[vt] to begin

to run

* place, location

to be shy, to be ashamed, to be embarrassed

bus

bus stop

( ) basketball (to play basketball)

to pass [tests, exams]

passport

42
butter

twenty years old

* to work

pachinko [vertical pinball]

( ) showy, flashy, loud [taste]

( ) badminton (to play badminton)

nose

flower

( ) ( ) flower viewing

story

to talk, to speak

banana

fireworks

mother [own]

pub

quick, fast

early

woods

to pay

spring

( ) volleyball (to play volleyball)

clear [weather]

evening, night

bread

handkerchief

program [TV, radio]

number

* dinner, evening meal

handsome, good-looking

( ) opposite, opposition (to oppose)

43
half month

half year

handbag

hamburger

half

• •
( earrings [pierced] (to wear pierced earrings, to

have one’s ears pierced)

( piano (to play the piano)

heater

beach

beer

east

to play [strings, keyboard]

low

picnic

aeroplane

lap, knee(s)

pizza

visa

art [subject], fine arts

art gallery

secretary

biscuit

left

video

to be surprised

to move [house]

sheep

( ) necessity (necessary)

44
person

terrible, horrible, awful

* people

alone, by oneself

plastic, vinyl

spare time, free time, leisure

free

sunscreen

hospital

sickness

hiragana [script]

building

( ) ( ) * lunch

daytime

broad, wide, spacious, vast

to pick up

bottle

pink

( ping-pong (to play ping-pong)

• •
( ) fax (to send a fax)

computer games

family restaurant

to increase

fork

pool

deep

clothes

to blow, to play [a wind instrument]

( ) complicated

45
( ) revision (to revise)

bag

pig

pork

( ) general(ly), usual(ly)

* Buddhism [religion]

( ) football (to play football)

* physics

calligraphy brush

to put on weight

futon [Japanese bedding]

ship

( ) inconvenient

winter

blouse

platform

( ) present, gift (to give a present)

furoshiki [a Japanese piece of square cloth

used for wrapping/carrying things]

to fall [rain, snow, etc]

old [objects]

professional

( ) Japanese bath

culture

literature

grammar

stationery

46
• •
Heisei period/era

* peace

page

vegemite

( ) bad at, unskilful

( ) another, separate, different

pet

bed

* room

[vt] to reduce

[vi] to decrease, to become fewer

( ) bell (the bell rings)

belt

( ) strange, weird

penfriend

( ) ( ) study (to study)

lawyer

( ) *( ) answer, reply (to reply)

bench

( ) boxed lunch

convenient, handy, useful

• •
direction, way

boyfriend

foreign trade

after school

cap, hat (to wear a hat)

boat, rowing

platform

47
homestay

homeroom

law

hall

ball

( ) other, other than, besides

I, me [used by boys]

* farm [grazing only]

pocket

sick room

PD/H/PE

( ) protection (to protect)

to want, wish to have

poster

mail box

thin

( ) hockey (to play hockey)

hotdog

pop [music]

hotel

almost, mostly

bone

volunteer

( ) bowling (to go bowling)

book

bookshelf

( ) ( ) real(ly), true (truly)

( ) translation (to translate)

48
to become lost, to be lost

front, before, previous

to turn

to be defeated, to lose

grandchild

serious, conscientious

first of all

unpalatable, unappetising, yucky, tastes bad

again

not yet, still

town

mistake

to make a mistake

* to wait

( ) festival

straight

until, as far as, up to

window

to learn

to be on time

( ) nail polish (to wear nail polish)

manager

to defend, to adhere to, to keep, to protect

mayonnaise

marathon

round

surrounding area

comic, cartoon

home unit

centre, middle
49
meat pie

to be visible, to be able to see

to polish, to brush [teeth]

mandarin

right

short (length)

water

swimming costume

lake

shop

to show

miso

miso soup

* road, street, path

[vt] to find

green

everyone

south

ear

to see, to watch, to look

milk

everyone, all

to go to pick up a person

to come to pick up a person

old times, long ago

the oppposite side, the other side, over there

humid

difficult

50
son

daughter

( ) waste (wasteful)

village

purple

( ) impossible, beyond one’s power

eye

niece

business card

( ) glasses (to put on/to take off glasses)

uncommon, rare, unusual

to stand out

menu

( ) licence, (to get one’s licence)

duty-free store

member

already, now

soon

Thursday

if

( ) rice cakes

wasted, a waste, regrettable

to have, to hold

to take

to take home

to bring

more

to return [to the starting point]

51
thing [concrete]

ruler

monorail

to receive

forest, wood

gate, gateway

to complain

problem, question, issue

* greengrocer, fruit and vegetable shop

yakitori [chicken on a skewer]

( ) baseball (to play baseball)

about, approximately

( ) promise, appointment (to promise)

to be useful, to be helpful

vegetable

easy, gentle, kind

cheap

( ) ( ) rest, holiday, absence, break, recess

to rest, to be absent

to lose weight

at last

after all, as expected, as I thought

mountain

[vt] to stop [doing something]

to give [to someone of lower status], to do

soft, tender

* amusement park

gum tree, eucalypts, eucalyptus

52
* early evening

youth hostel

post office

last night

( ) ( ) famous

sense of humourr (to have a sense of humour)

yukata [a cotton kimono]

snow

( ) ( ) export (to export)

( ) slowly (to relax)

uniform

( ) ( ) import (to import)

finger

( ) ring (to wear a ring)

( ) ( ) dream (to dream)

good

( ) preparation (to prepare)

* [Western] clothes

well/often

side, next to, horizontal

budget

program, schedule, plan

in the middle of the night, midnight

to call, to invite

to read

( ) appointment, reservation

(to make an appointment / reservation)

yacht

53
night

to be pleased

very well, that’s good

weak

( ) ( ) comfort (comfortable)

( ) rugby (to play)

radio

Chinese noodle

* * science [school subject]

( ) recycle (to recycle)

reason

( ) ( ) study abroad (to study abroad)

overseas student

fashion, craze

dormitory

fee, charge, fare

parents [own]

both

( ) cuisine (to cook)

* inn [Japanese style]

( ) * ( ) travel (to travel)

apple

not at home

example

refrigerator

history

restaurant

54
report, essay

lemon

lemonade

( ) practice (to practise)

( ) contact (to contact)

corridor, passage

Roman letters, romanisation

locker

rock [music]

( ) romantic

word processor

business shirt

wine

* * Japanese-English dictionary

young

to understand

to divide, to distribute

* * Japanese style room

* Japanese food, cuisine

to forget, to leave behind

lost property

I, me

to cross

to laugh, to smile

bad

55
Expressions

Oh! Ah!

( ) Happy New Year! (honorific)

I say, um, well

Oh! [female]

( ) Thank you (polite incomplete/complete)

No, that’s okay

You mustn’t

Thank you for the meal/drink [said before

eating/drinking]

Bye!, I’m off!, See you later! [person leaving]

Bye!, See you later! [person staying]

Welcome! [restaurants, shops]

no [informal]

yes [informal]

Well, let me see

Welcome home!

Excuse me for going ahead

[when leaving/eating before other people]

Please go ahead, after you

Excuse me for disturbing you

Goodbye [sorry I disturbed you]

Thank you for looking after me


56
Sorry I’m late

Take care [to someone who is sick]

( ) Thank you, you must be tired

[used when requesting something,

asking a favour]

May I have ~ ? / May I speak to ~?

Good morning

Good morning [honorfic]

Sorry to have kept you waiting

( ) Congratulations!

Good night

Certainly sir/madam.

( ) ( ) Take care


( ) No, thank you

( ) ( ) ( ) Goodbye, take care

( ) ( ) ( ) How are you?


( ) Thank you for the meal [said after a meal]

Likewise (the pleasure is mine)

Excuse me, is anybody home?

Sorry

Good evening

Hello, good afternoon, good day

Well, well now

Well now [getting to the point]

Goodbye

57
( ) Excuse me, I’m sorry

Excuse me [incomplete]

Goodbye [complete]

( ) It’s been a long time

Well, well then

( ) ( ) See you again

Is that so?

That’s right


( ) Are you all right?

Hi, I’m home!

Please wait a moment

Well, well then

You are welcome

What happened? What’s wrong?

Please go ahead! Here you are.

Thanks, Thank you, Sorry

( ) Thank you very much

[polite - imcomplete/complete]

( ) How do you do? (Pleased to meet you)

( ) It’s been a long time

58
Is that so?

What?, Indeed! [informal]

Look! There!

See you again!

Hello [on the telephone]

Welcome

( ) ( ) Thank you [in advance]

[please help me in the future]

( ) Give my regards (to )

Oh! Wow!

59
Place names ( )

Asia
Africa
Arab
South America
Europe
America
England
Italy
Iraq
Iran
India
Indonesia
Holland
Canada
Korea
Cambodia
Greece
Singapore
Switzerland
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sweden
Thailand
Germany
China
New Zealand
France
Brazil
Philippines
Vietnam
Portugal
Hong Kong
South Africa
Mexico
Russia

60
Australia
NSW
Queensland
Victoria
South Australia
Western Australia
Tasmania
Melbourne
Adelaide
Perth
Canberra
Darwin
Brisbane
Cairns
Hobart
Sydney
Japan
Hokkaido
Honshu
Shikoku
Okinawa
Kyushu
Sapporo
Sendai
Tokyo
Narita
Ueno
Ginza
Shinjuku
Shibuya
Yokohama
Nagoya
Kyoto
Nara
Osaka
Kobe
Hiroshima
Fukuoka
Nagasaki

61
Numerals

20

99

100

1,000

10,000

1,000,000

10,000,000

100,000,000

10

11

12

Auxiliary numerals
things things people

10

62
Days of the week Days of the month (

Sunday 1st day of the month

Monday 2nd

Tuesday 3rd

Wednesday 4th

Thursday 5th

Friday 6th

Saturday 7th

8th

Months ( 9th

January 10th

February 11th

March 12th

April 14th

May 20th

June 24th

July

August

September

October

November

December

63
Counters

yen
lesson/chapter
days of month [dates]
days
floor
no. of times
school terms
months [period of time]
months [names of months]
length of time
kilo / kilograms
kilo / kilometres
small/round objects
ages
books
~ o’clock
hours [period of time]
school lessons / period
weeks
century
centimetres
cents
general things
marks
degrees
times
dollars
people
years
year level
numbers
ordinal numbers
nights
small animals, fish
minutes
long, thin objects
flat objects
ordinal numbers
metres

64
Suffixes

less than
bound for
more than
* employee
side
* ward
about [length of time]
[after boy’s name]
* prefecture
language
about [a time]
( [after names]
* city
nationality
past
each
made in ~
[after teachers/doctors]
* plural for people
[after child’s name]
during
with / included
half
club
* shop

Prefixes

(prefix for ordinal numbers)


(prefix “every” for time)
(prefix “next” for time)

65
PRESCRIBED KANJI

Active Use (150) Recognition only (50)

Adjectives

Body/Health

Culture (nil)

Family/
Friends

Nature

Numbers/ (nil)
Counters

Occupations (nil)

Places

Positions (nil)

School

Time

Transport/
Travel

Verbs

Miscellaneous
66