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This article is about Indian politics, government and law and relation between them.

This article deals with factors correlating the three with each other. India is a constitutional republic consisting of 28 states and seven center-controlled union territories with New Delhi as the nation's capital. It is the seventh largest and second most populous country with roughly one sixth of the worlds population, making it the world's largest democratic country. It is one of the world's oldest civilizations with a rich and varied cultural heritage. It has achieved widespread socio-economic progress during the last 64 years of its independence. From self-sufficiency in agricultural production to space exploration, India is competing effectively with other developed nations.[citation needed] Indian history in brief== Indo-Aryans are native inhabitants of south Asia, including present day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. These Aryans merged with Dravidians, who were the original inhabitants of south India, and gave a dynamic start to Indian classical culture. In the 3rd and 4th century BC, Indian culture reached a peak during the time of Mauryan Empire. The period of the Gupta dynasty from 4th to 6th century AD is considered the Golden Age of India. An Arab invasion in the 8th century and a Turkish invasion in the 12th century was followed by European traders, beginning in the late 15th century. By the 20th century Britain had assumed political control. India won independence after the diligent efforts of Mohan das karamchand Gandhi better known as father of India MK Gandhi in 1947. The sub-continent was divided into the states of India and Pakistan. Despite impressive economic gains India faces significant problems such as overpopulation, poverty, and religious strife. India is also known for the highly sophisticated and urbanized culture of the Indus Valley Civilization that thrived in the north-western part of the sub-continent from about 2600 to 2000 BC. From that time it was a virtually self-contained political and cultural arena, strongly influenced by Hinduism. Other religions, notably Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, originated in India, although their presence is quite small in India relative to both Hinduism and Islam. Throughout past centuries it developed a rich and varied culture with intellectual base inmathematics, medicine, astronomy, and architecture. ==Indian heritage and varies in a similar way to its geography. Indians speak more than a dozen nationally recognized and hundreds of regional languages, dress differently in different parts, follow different religions having numerous castes and eat different food, but are of the same temperament. A festival or a celebration involves the whole community. Likewise, anIndian wedding in every religion is a celebration of union, not only of the bride and groom, but also of two families, and sometimes of cultures and religions.. Government [edit]Constitution The government of India is framed according to the Constitution. The architects of Indias constitution, though drawing on many external sources, were most heavily influenced by the British model of parliamentary democracy. In addition, a number of principles were adopted from the United States Constitution, including the separation of powers among the major branches of government, the establishment of a supreme court, and albeit in modified form, of a federal structure (a constitutional division of power between the union [central] and state governments). The mechanical details for running the central government, however, were largely carried over from the Government of India Act of 1935, passed by the British Parliament, which served as Indias governing document in the waning days of British colonial rule. The new constitution took effect on 26 January 1950 and proclaimed India a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic. With 444 articles, 12 (later 12) schedules (each clarifying and expanding upon a number of articles), and 97 amendments, it is one of the world's longest and most detailed constitute constituionitution includes a detailed list of fundamental rights, a lengthy list of directive principles of state policy (goals that the state is obligated to promote, though with no specified timetable for their accomplishment), and a much shorter list of fundamental duties of the citizen.

The constitution of India draws extensively from Western legal traditions in its outline of the principles of liberal democracy. Unlike many Western constitutions, its principles aspire to end the inequities of traditional social relations and enhance social welfare. The constitution has fostered an increasing concentration of power in the central government especially the Office of the Prime Minister. This centralization has occurred in the face of the increasing assertiveness of an array of ethnic and caste groups across Indian society. The government has responded to the resulting tensions by exerting authoritarian, albeit constitutional powers. Together with the public's perception of pervasive corruption among India's politicians, the state's centralization of authority and increasing resort to coercive power have eroded its legitimacy.