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Dragon School

Student's Guide

Belt Tying Instructions


#2 Front

#1

Front

Back

#4

#3
Front

Front

#5 Front

NOTES:

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Dragon School
GOLD STRIPE (8th GUP)

Student's Guide
Minimum 8 weeks of training 10 Basic Techniques: Down Block, Up Block, Outside Block, Inside Block, Low Knife Hand Block, Middle Knife Hand Block, Middle Punch, High Punch, Side Attack, Reverse/Advance Self Defense Minimum 3 months of training Basic Form 1 Basic Form 2 Basic Kicks Front Snap, Front Thrust, Side Snap, Side Thrust Roundhouse, Crescent (Inside & Outside), Back (Mule) Mobility Drills Chopping, Elbow, Palm Thrust Self Defense One Step Sparring - Hand Techniques (Right Punch) Free Sparring - 1 match minimum Minimum 3 months of training Basic Form 3 China Form Mobility Drill Moving Kicking-Punching Self Defense One Step Sparring - Hand Techniques (Left Punch) One Step Sparring - Kicking Techniques (Right & Left) Free Sparring - 2 matches minimum Minimum 3 months of training Basic Form 4 Advanced Form 1 Intermediate Kicks Front - Hook, Ax Back Turning - Side, Hook, Crescent (Outside) Self Defense One Step Sparring - 5 Original (minimum) Free Sparring - 2 matches minimum
Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

GOLD BELT (7th GUP)

GREEN BELT (6th GUP)

PURPLE BELT (5th GUP)

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Dragon School
BLUE BELT (4th GUP)

Student's Guide
Minimum 3 months of training Advanced Form 2 Jung-Ye Form Self Defense - Includes Take Downs & Controlled Falls One Step Sparring - 6 Original (minimum) Free Sparring - 3 matches minimum Minimum 3 months of training Advanced Form 3 Self Defense One Step Sparring - 8 Original (minimum) Free Form Free Sparring - 4 matches minimum Multiple Opponent Sparring - 2 opponents Minimum 3 months of training Advanced Form 4 Advanced Kicks Jump - Front, Side, Roundhouse, Crescent (Inside & Outside) Self Defense One Step Sparring - 10 Original (minimum) Free Form Free Sparring - 4 matches minimum Multiple Opponent Sparring - 3 opponents Minimum 6 months of training Advanced Form 5 Advanced Kicks Jump Turn - Side, Roundhouse, Crescent (Inside & Outside Self Defense One Step Sparring - 12 Original (minimum) Free Form Free Sparring - 5 matches minimum Multiple Opponent Sparring - up to 4 opponents

RED BELT (3rd GUP)

BROWN BELT (2nd GUP)

BLACK STRIPE (1st GUP)

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Dragon School
1st DEGREE BLACK BELT (1st DAN)

Student's Guide
Minimum 1 year of training Basai Dragon Form Self Defense One Step Sparring - 15 Original (minimum) Free Form Free Sparring - 6 matches (consecutive) minimum Multiple Opponent Sparring - up to 5 opponents Minimum 2 year of training Ninche 1 Ninche 2 Dragon-Crane version of Tawanda No Sai Specialty Self Defense / Weapons One Step Sparring - Free Form Free Sparring Minimum 2 year of training Ninche 3 Koryo Specialty Self Defense / Weapons One Step Sparring - Free Form Free Sparring Minimum 3 year of training Chinto Self Defense / Weapons One Step Sparring - Free Form Free Sparring

2nd DEGREE BLACK BELT (2nd DAN)

3rd DEGREE BLACK BELT (3rd DAN)

4th DEGREE BLACK BELT (4th DAN)

DURING THE COURSE OF ANY TEST THE CANDIDATE FOR PROMOTION MAY BE ASKED TO PERFORM ANY TECHNIQUES FROM ANY PREVIOUS TESTS. Each person testing should, therefore, review all previous forms, self defense techniques, and basic techniques. Best thing is to STAY up on all techniques so extensive review is NOT necessary!

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

BASIC WARM UPS


Mild warm ups are a necessity for everyone and the need is multiplied by the age of the person. It is recommended that you do these in this order as it warms the body up in a orderly fashion with the proper intensity for each area. These should not take much more than twelve minutes to do. Work at a pace that is comfortable for you. MEMORIZE THIS SET, SO THAT YOU CAN TAKE THE CLASS THROUGH IT WITHOUT CONFUSION.

STANDING STRETCHES
Neck Stretch: Head Left: Inhale then exhale as you lay your head over to the left side so your ear rests on your shoulder, then inhale and return to center. Head Right: Exhale as you lay your head over to the right side so your ear rests on your shoulder, then inhale and return to center. Head Forward: Exhale as you lay your head forward so your chin rests on your chest, then inhale and return to center. Head Turn Left: Exhale as you turn your head and look over your left shoulder, then inhale and return to center. Head Turn Right: Exhale as you turn your head and look over your right shoulder, then inhale and return to center.

Shoulder Stretch: Rotations Forward: Scrunch shoulders up to your ears then try to get your shoulders to touch in front of you, then try to drag your fingers through the floor and finally try to get your shoulders to touch behind you. Repeat 8 times. Rotations Backward: Scrunch shoulders up to your ears then try to get your shoulders to touch in back of you, then try to drag your fingers through the floor and finally try to get your shoulders to touch in front of you. Repeat 8 times. Left Arm Across: With your right hand grasp above your left wrist and stretch you left arm across your chest. Right Arm Across: With your left hand grasp above your right wrist and stretch you left arm across your chest.
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Dragon School

Student's Guide

Left Arm Over: Extend your left arm straight up over your head, then bend at the elbow and place you left hand on your back. Reach for you belt with your left hand as you press above you left elbow with your right hand. Right Arm Over: Extend your right arm straight up over your head, then bend at the elbow and place you right hand on your back. Reach for you belt with your right hand as you press above you right elbow with your left hand.

Waist: Left Rotation: Feet shoulder width apart and hands on your hips, bend your knees slightly then move your hips in counterclockwise (to the left) circles for eight time (using more hip than shoulders). Right Rotation: Feet shoulder width apart and hands on your hips, bend your knees slightly then move your hips in clockwise (to the right) circles for eight time (using more hip than shoulders).

Knee: Left Rotation: Feet together and hands above your knees, draw circles with your bent knees eight times counter-clockwise (to the left). Right Rotation: Feet together and hands above your knees, draw circles with your bent knees eight times clockwise (to the right).

STANDING KICKS
These kicks are intended to warm-up the muscles in preparation for the floor stretches. Perform kicks with good form and at height that is comfortable. These kicks are to be done without power or speed. See Basic Kicks section for a description of each kick and Basic Stances section for a description of the stances. Front Snap Kick: Start in right front stance. Do 12 back leg front snap kicks. Change to left front stance and repeat. Inside Crescent Kick: Start in right front stance. Do 12 back leg inside crescent kicks. Change to left front stance and repeat. Outside Crescent Kick: Start in right front stance. crescent kicks. Change to left front stance and repeat. Do 12 back leg outside

Roundhouse Kick: Start in left straddle stance. Do 12 front leg roundhouset kicks. Change to right straddle stance and repeat.
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Dragon School

Student's Guide

Side Kick: Start in left straddle stance. Do 12 front leg side kicks. Change to right straddle stance and repeat.

PUNCHES
Front Punch: Start in straddle stance facing front of the room. Do 25 punches to the solar plexus alternating left and right.

FLOOR STRETCHES
These stretches are done sitting on the floor. Now that your muscles are warm, these stretches can be done without damaging the muscles. These stretches will help to improve your flexibility. Only preform the stretch to the point of slight discomfort. If the stretch is painful, stop and return a point in the stretch where you are not in pain. Hold each stretch a minimum of 15 seconds. As with any exercise inhale on the easy part and exhale on effort. Butterfly: Place the soles of your feet together in front of you and draw your heels into your groin. Straighten your back and place your elbow on the inside of your knees. Press down with your elbows and hold. With your hands grab you feet and pull yourself forward and hold. Modified Hurdler: Extend your left leg laying it flat on the floor with the toes pointing straight up. Draw your right heel into your groin and lay your bent right leg flat on the floor. Turn and face your left foot. Straighten your back. Reach for your left foot bending at the waist and hold. Repeat to the right side. Legs Wide: Straighten your legs flat on the floor in front of you. Separate your legs while pushing your hips forward. This creates an angle between your legs. Your toes are pointing straight up and your hips a slightly rolled forward. Turn and face your left foot. With your back straight, bend at the waist and reach for your toes. Repeat to the center and to the right. Legs Together: Straighten your legs flat on the floor in front of you. Your toes are pointing straight up. With your back straight, bend at the waist and reach for your toes.

This concludes the stretches that are typically done during class. A majority of these stretches are done during the warm-up and cool-down periods. If these are done everyday, the bodies overall flexibity and strength will improve. There are other exercises that you can do on your own to improve your overall conditioning. These exercising are as follows.
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Dragon School
ADDITIONAL EXERCISES
Slide-ups:

Student's Guide

Straight Up: Lay flat on your back, knees bent with your feet about 12 inches apart; slide hands up to your knees as you raise your shoulders slightly off of the floor then relax back down and repeat. Bent Leg: Lay flat on your back, bends knees as if calfs are resting on the set of chair. Slide hands up to your feet as you raise your shoulders slightly off of the floor then relax back down and repeat. Legs Straight: Lay flat on your back, legs extended straight up towards the ceiling. Slide hands up to your ankles as you raise your shoulders slightly off of the floor then relax back down and repeat. Hip Raises: Lay flat on your back, knees bent with your feet together. Raise your knees towards your chest. As your buttocks comes off the floor, extend your legs toward the ceiling and push up. Relax back down and repeat.

Push Ups: Straight: Lay face down with your hands under your shoulders. Press upward with your hands raise your shoulders, midsection, and thighs up until your arms are straight. Your body (head to toe) is also straight. Bent Knee: If you are unable to do a full push-up, lay face down with your hands under your shoulders and your knees bent with ankles crossed. Press upward with your hands raise your shoulders and midsection up until your arms are straight.

Low and High Dog: Kneel on your hands and knees. Place hands under shoulders. Low Dog: Raise and lower bent leg from floor up to level with your buttockswhen you look back you should see only your knee as your foot will be hidden behind it. High Dog: Raise bent leg parallel to floor, extend foot until leg is straight to the side then drop foot down until sole touches the floor; raise straight leg, bend leg keeping foot behind knee so it is level with the floor then refold and return to original position.

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Dragon School
(Medium Range) FIST

Student's Guide

BASIC HAND WEAPONS

Roll fingers up then lock them in place with thumb across second joint of first two fingers; keep wrist flat. Visualize the fist starting just below the elbow and extending to the flat part of the first two fingers of the fist. This gives you much more power than just the knuckles. PUNCH: Pull your fists clear back to your hip bones (waist) with palms up. This is referred to as chamber position. Slowly push the right hand out 3/4 of the way to full extension, then rapidly turn the hand over palm-down so as to strike the target with the knuckles. Then repeat with left side. This time, as you push out with left hand simultaneously pull right hand back 3/4 of the way to the waist then rapidly turn hand over to palm up position at waist. The snapping of each hand from palm up to palm down (or visa versa) should occur simultaneously. Close the fist and strike with the back of the first two knuckles (a 50 cent piece would fit between there and the thumb). Move in a overhand snapping motion or from the side with a snapping motion (come off the target faster than you hit the target). Close fist and strike with outside of the fist (little finger side of fist). It is usually used in a vertical position and striking downward motion or as an outside strike.

BACKFIST:

HAMMER FIST:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School
KNIFE HAND

Student's Guide

Fingers are slightly curved and tightly together. Roll heel of hand over so that the thumb is across the palm and the thumb is parallel to palm, but not touching the palm. Strike with the EDGE of hand between the base of little finger and wrist. RIDGE HAND Hold hand as in Knife Hand but strike with thumb side (inside) of hand. Strike with INSIDE EDGE of hand between first joint of index finger and thumb. Keep your thumb tucked under and curve your fingers slightly. HEEL PALM Keep fingers close together but pulled back so that you can strike with the HEEL (base) of your palm. FINGERS Index finger is separated from other three which stay together. Use slightly curved to strike eyes, etc. "Y" or BEAR strike Thumb is extended with four fingers curved together striking with web portion between thumb and finger.

NOTES:

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Dragon School
(Short Range)

Student's Guide

BASIC ELBOW WEAPONS


It is usually the point of the elbow that comes to mind as a weapon. The following describes other correct surfaces used in elbow techniques. UP ELBOW The two inches of bone on the flat of your arm just below the point of your elbow. Execute an Up Elbow by punching past your head, palm facing your head. DOWN ELBOW The area right at the bend of your arm including the point of your elbow. Execute a Down Elbow by dropping the point of the elbow straight down, palm facing your head. ROUNDHOUSE ELBOW This technique utilizes the side of your arm between the elbow and the wrist right where you can feel the bone. This is also the area involved in a majority of blocks. Execute a Roundhouse Elbow by swinging the elbow forward, palm and forearm facing the floor. BACK ELBOW This technique utilizes the back of your arm between the elbow and the shoulder. Execute a Back Elbow by swinging the elbow backward, forearm brushing along the side of your body and palm facing up.

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School
(Long Range)

Student's Guide

BASIC FOOT WEAPONS


The foot has weapon surfaces similar to those on the hand with three times the power and one and a half times the reach due to the legs greater length. BALL OF FOOT The surface just behind the big toe and second toe is called the ball of the foot. This is the weapon used in most front kicks. The toes are pulled back so the ball of the foot points to the target when the foot is extended. Primarily used for front snap kicks, front thrust kicks, and roundhouse kicks. FLAT OF FOOT This includes the ball of the foot plus the rest of the area behind the toes and up to the arch. Primarilyused for inside crescent kicks. TOP OF FOOT The surface behind the big toe and across the metatarsal arch. Primarily used for roundhouse kicks or straight up to the groin. SIDE OF FOOT or "BLADE" This is a blade like the side of the hand is a blade. Primarily used for side snap kicks, side thrust kicks, outside crescent kicks, and, perhaps, some other specialty kicks. HEEL of FOOT This is at the end of the sole of your foot and just a little up the back of the foot but NOT into the Achilles Tendon. Primarily used for Ax kicks, Drop Heel kicks, and other specialty kicks. It is also used for foot stomps.

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Dragon School

Student's Guide
BASIC STANCES

A stance is literally the way you stand. You need to get the "feel" of each of the Basic Stances. You will want to get to know where your weight needs to be for each stance as well as the correct distances and alignment. Up to this time, unless you were a gymnast or in ballet, it is possible you have never paid any attention to the broad variety of things that contribute to balance. These basic stances require a great deal of practice for they are the foundation of ALL your techniques as a beginner or, later on, as an advanced student. Awareness of your stances helps you to become consciously aware of where you focus your weight and how your energy for motion flows from that awareness. Action follows thought. You do not have to think about how to stand or how to walk as you go about ordinary daily existence. This is a part of your normal automatic system that you programmed as a baby moving into childhood. Through the effort of trials and errors, attempts and defeats, you finally found the most efficient way to stand, walk etc. The same process was repeated when you got into school but this time when you started to print you were made to repeat something until it became automatic - the same thing was true when you had to memorize spelling words or math tables. Years later if you want to know what 7 times 7 is, you don't have to count on your fingers. This is also true when you write or type words you frequently use; they have become almost automatic. Now if you have to think of each movement you perform, say in unlocking you car door - or a house door - you would feel really silly and slow because you do it well without conscious thought but when you take it movement by movement it becomes r-e-a-l-l-y s-l-o-w! If you "JUST DO IT" without thought it goes smoothly. This is what you will strive to achieve through your Tae Kwon Do practice. Slow repetition will lead to improved movement until, at some point, you will just step into the stance and just do the basic technique. Then action following thought will become so automatic there will be no line between that which you have "learned" and what you "know". Until that time you may feel uncomfortable or clumsy; something you didn't feel when you first learned to walk etc. Just keep working and learning to understand what you want your body to do in relationship to Tae Kwon Do. Then, one day, something will happen and joy will follow. You will have "acted" rather than "reacted" and you
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Dragon School

Student's Guide

were a part of the process! Your mind will have communicated with your body and your spirit will soar because you were a conscious participant rather than a startled onlooker! In Tae Kwon Do you will want to set a goal to practice on a daily basis. This is necessary so that you can go over the techniques you learn in class many, many times. You want them to happen without any conscious thought - they will become a learned process. We will frequently use the phrase "Do this One Thousand Times" which simply means repeat the action until you can do it and whistle (or hum) any tune at the same time! When this happens, you disengage your rational thinking while the body still does the correct movement without conscious thought. You can school yourself so well in Tae Kwon Do techniques that these techniques will become automatic at the proper time with the proper intensity and control. Good technique STARTS with you and depends on you. YOU CAN DO IT! REST POSITION Your feet will be one shoulder width apart with your feet pointing straight forward; your weight evenly distributed. The back of your left hand is centered just below the small of your back with the back of your right hand in the palm of your left hand. ATTENTION STANCE Your feet are together, touching at the toes and heels front to back. Your hands are centered to your sides with your hands open, fingers extended but relaxed. When you move from "Rest" to "Attention" the left foot moves into the right foot. When moving from "Attention" to any other stance the left foot always moves first unless otherwise instructed. BOW From Attention, bend forward approximately 15 degrees. Head is up and eyes are forward. Never bow with your head down.

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

READY STANCE Your feet are one shoulder width apart with your feet pointing forward. Your weight is evenly distributed. Your hands are in lightly closed fists (palms in) with your arms slightly bent in front of the body. Your fists should be at about groin level approximately 12 away from the bosy. Your legs are straight without locking the knees. When moving to Ready Stance, your fists move into position with power and you Kia. FRONT STANCE Your feet, pointing forward, are one shoulder width apart (side to side) and one and a half shoulder widths in length (front to back). Your front leg is slightly bent so that your shin is vertical. Your back leg will be straight but not locked. Your weight will be about 60% on the front foot with that weight centered at the base of your big toe (ball of the foot). The remaining weight will be on your back foot which is to point straight forward - if your back heel cannot be down flat on the floor the length of your step is too long. BACK STANCE The heels of your feet are perpendicular to each other, one shoulders width apart. The center of your heels are on the same line with each other. Your front foot will point straight forward with your back foot pointing 90o to the side. 90% of your weight is on your back foot. FIGHTING STANCE Fighting Stance is a back stance which is slightly modified. You are ready to kick with your front foot. Fists are up in front of your body and your weight is evenly distributed.

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Dragon School
STRADDLE STANCE

Student's Guide

Place your feet parallel to each other with a distance of one and a half to two shoulder widths apart. Your knees should be bent and slightly over your toes. Your weight is evenly distributed on the ball of each foot. Your upper body is vertical with your buttocks tucked and rolled under. (Pretend you are holding a quarter between your "cheeks").

NOTES:

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Dragon School
BASIC BLOCKS

Student's Guide

Once you start to get the feel of what it its like to take the offensive with punches and kicks, you must turn your attention to what it is like to see a blow coming toward you from an attacker. One of your most natural reactions would be to run away! This is a very valuable reaction and a good defense if you can get yourself safely away. If you must DO SOMETHING then you want to execute a technique that will have the maximum LEGAL effect with the minimum effort on your part (Under Texas Law legal force is equal but not excessive force). Another natural reaction will be to duck or dodge. Work at putting those on hold and learn, instead, how to BLOCK the blow and then take the offensive. Eventually you will know when to block, duck or dodge at an automatic level of awareness. BASICS OF BLOCKING TECHNIQUES Blocking may be used to stop an on-rushing attack, to deflect an attack, or stop the forward motion of an attack. Blocking can be used to distract an attacker or as an offensive measure to open up a line of attack of your own, thus preventing further attack. When doing these techniques, as with almost all of the things you learn in Tae Kwon Do, practice slowly at first. As you become more familiar with the technique you will naturally begin to gain speed, which in turn leads to POWER. One of the best ways to quickly become more familiar with your blocks is to do them "One Thousand Times." When you are familiar with the mechanics of blocks, you will need a partner who can step out and punch directly to the nose. Naturally, this punch MUST be controlled so that it comes very close to your nose without hitting it. Have your partner punch slowly at first while you block slowly and lightly, striving to deflect the forward motion of the punch. When you have learned the mechanics of stepping in and blocking, you can increase your speed, but only as long as you are accurate with your blocks. You start your blocks from the correct fold until you are totally familiar with each blocks' function in relation to where it strikes the incoming punch. Once you have imprinted a pattern you
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Dragon School

Student's Guide

can then, in a reality situation, throw techniques very quickly which will still have power and snap. A block does not just lie on your opponents arm, nor does it stay out where it blocks. Swiftly re-fold your blocking hand so you can use it again immediately, either to block, or to attack with a punch etc. Your blocks will pick up speed which in turn generates POWER! Work to get the flow of the block. Get snap into it by quickly moving your arm from the fold to the blocking position and back to the fold. Another way to become familiar with the feel of a real block is to practice stopping a swinging, lightweight punching bag or a homemade target with a little weight to it. We do not recommend any bag heavier than 50 pounds. Larger bags are available but there is great potential for damaging the hips and lower back in kicking. The upper back and neck are subject to damage when striking a heavy bag with arms, elbows and blocking moves unless you hold yourself properly. UNIVERSAL FOLD A term used to define covering the majority of your own targets by folding your arms across your body, elbow to inside of other elbow . One fist is up in front of your face with palm facing in and the other fist is down in front of your groin with palm facing your groin. The fists should be held away from the body. It is used as the starting position for several of the basic blocks. You fold the blocking/striking hand to a point at the greatest distance AWAY from the target. This will become clear when the basic blocks are explained. This principle gives you maximum power behind any block. At the same time, you are creating an engram for maximum power in your muscles. When you spar, or are actually defending yourself, there will not be time to go to Universal Fold. If you have trained well this engram will put the same power behind of your muscles that they would have had if you were able to do the maximum fold.

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Dragon School
BLOCKING EDGE

Student's Guide

The side of your arm with which you block. OUTSIDE EDGE is the side between your little finger and your elbow. INSIDE EDGE is the side between your thumb and the bend in your arm. CHAMBER Chamber means to ready for another technique. You have to have a bullet in the chamber for the gun to shoot when you pull the trigger. In Tae Kwon Do you will learn to Chamber blocks, kicks, hand techniques, etc., in order to make use of the law of Physics that states: "For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction". This applies side to side, down to up and so on. Your power is sometimes generated by this principle and sometimes amplified. Another basic rule of Physics is "An object in motion tends to stay in motion". Blocking and Chambering utilizes both rules of Physics. When you step to execute a technique, the power is transferred from the legs to the hand. The Chambered hand goes out powered by the step. The energy is transferred to the target or circulated again as you chamber your opposite hand. MNEMONIC HELPER Use the words found in each mnumonic helper box associated with each block as you practice. It aids more efficient learning by re-enforcing auditorily the techniques you are doing. Your whole body has ears! You are learning to program yourself. You are more complex than any computer so have patience with yourself. It is okay to talk to yourself - just let your body answer!

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Dragon School
DOWN BLOCK - Front Stance

Student's Guide

This block is primarily used on kicking techniques or anything you wish to deflect downward - a fist, a stick etc.. 1. Blocking hand is on top in the Universal Fold. Step into front stance. 2. Strike downward with the outside edge of your blocking arm; do not go past the edge of your body. Chamber your opposite hand on your hip. 3. The chambered hand goes up on top and the blocking hand moves over into the down position of the Universal Fold to be ready for the next step. MNEMONIC HELPER: Fold-Step-Block Down/Chamber UP BLOCK - Front Stance The upward movement of this block is generally used to protect the head from overhand strikes, club blows etc. The fist is slightly past the side of your head to protect the temple, if necessary. 1. Universal Fold with the blocking hand on the bottom. Step into front stance then, 2. Snap your forearm up in front of your forehead rotating your fist from the palm-in position to a palm-out position as you raise your arm. This brings the harder outside edge of your arm into the blow that will block the attackers arm (or club) upward. Your forearm should be slanted just enough to let a drop of sweat run down. (your forearm should be at a right angle to your upper arm). Keep your fist closed and your wrist in a straight line with your forearm.

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

3. Fold for next step by placing chambered hand down as the blocking hand moves up into Universal Fold. Both hands are palm in. MNEMONIC HELPER: Fold-Step-Block Up/Chamber OUTSIDE BLOCK (Inside to Outside Block) - Front Stance This block is a snapped scooping motion. It moves the incoming fist to the outside of the attacker's body if you block the inside of his arm, or across the attacker's body if you block the outside edge of his arm. You will be coming from a palm-in (inside edge down) position to a 45o in front of the shoulder palm-in position. 1. Blocking hand goes down while the other hand moves up into Universal Fold as you step into Front Stance. 2. Raise blocking hand from the down position with palm-in to an up position palm-in about 45o from your shoulder; (remember not to go past the outside edge of your body). Chamber the opposite hand on your hip. 3. The chambered hand goes down as the blocking hand moves up into Universal Fold and ready for the next step. MNEMONIC HELPER: Fold-Step-Block Out/Chamber

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Dragon School
INSIDE BLOCK (Outside to Inside Block) - Front Stance

Student's Guide

Good for stopping or deflecting blows across the attackers body, i.e. Attacker tries to hit you with his right hand so you block with the outside edge of your forearm knocking his arm across his body which prevents effective use of his other arm. 1. Both hands are closed into fists. Stretch blocking arm back with palm-out slightly above shoulder level. Fist is close to ear. The other arm folds across your chest with the palm down. Step into Front Stance as you, 2. Swiftly move the blocking arm forward, snapping the fist around from a palmout position to a palm-in position so that you block with the outside edge of your arm. Stop the block at the center of your chest with your fist at eye level. (This movement is in a straight line, not circular or roundhouse). Chamber opposite hand just as you strike. 3. Fold for the next step by turning the front fist palm down with your arm almost across your chest (inside edge next to your chest) and at the same time you stretch the chambered fist back as in step one. MNEMONIC HELPER: Stretch-Step-Block In/Chamber LOW KNIFE HAND BLOCK - Back Stance Remember Back stance is done with the majority of your weight on the back foot. Keep your belt parallel to the ground and maintain your head height at a consistent level throughout the basic once you set it with the first step. 1. Fold the Blocking Arm across your chest with the inside of your forearm up and your palm parallel to your cheek. Stretch your other arm back (palm turned to the rear - like you are telling a big truck to stop) step out into Back Stance as you ...
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Dragon School

Student's Guide

2. Sharply drop the blocking arm downward across the chest snapping the knife edge of the hand outward, palm-down, just above the knee but not past the edge of the body. Your arm is parallel to your leg. 3. Simultaneously snap the back hand forward in a chopping motion just below your solar plexus (palm-up). Stop at the edge of your body. 4. Repeat step one to the opposite side bringing the blocking hand up across the chest and extend the other hand back as you ... etc. MNEMONIC HELPER: Fold-Step-Drop/Chop Reach/Fold MIDDLE KNIFE HAND BLOCK - Back Stance 1. Fold the blocking arm across your chest with the inside of your forearm up and your palm parallel to your cheek. The hand of your other arm is held at waist level, palm pointing down, step out into back stance as you ... 2. Sharply swing the blocking arm across the chest snapping the knife edge of the hand out in line with the shoulder, palm down, finger tips at shoulder level, back of the hand and forearm in a straight line and inclined at a 45o angle. 3. Simultaneously snap the other hand up to the chest stopping with palm up just below the solar plexus. ). Stop at the edge of your body. 4. Repeat step one to the opposite side bringing the blocking hand up across the chest stretching the other hand to the back ... etc. MNEMONIC HELPER: Fold-Step-Block/Snap Up
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Dragon School

Student's Guide

These Basic Blocks are the very foundation of EVERYTHING that you will do in Tae Kwon Do. If you cannot BLOCK an incoming attack, all the learning in the world will not help if you are knocked flat on your back, unconscious! The Basic Stances are the very foundation of all that you do because they provide BASIC BALANCE. A secure base from which all your techniques will flow is essential! Your blocks can stop an attacker as they can set up your offensive moves.

NOTES:

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

BASIC PUNCHING
These are techniques that you will do to increase same side co-ordination with your hands and legs. Think about how you walk. Your hands work opposite the leg that is moving. Try walking with same hand, same leg and you will look and feel like a stiff wooden soldier. You may feel awkward at first but understand the dynamics that are involved with the physiology of your body. It is structured to protect the center; the legs and the hands are on the outside to protect your perimeter. When you come into Tae Kwon Do the first thing we do is start breading down the automatic/autonomic programming. In the journey from White Belt to black Belt you will be trained with the opposite moves until your body begins to choose what is more correct, by choice, rather than by genetic imprint. As you do these drills and your blocks this process will become much more clear and easier to do. FOCUS According to Websters New World Dictionary the word means: The point where rays of light, heat, or waves of sound come together". It also states "... to fix or settle on one thing, to concentrate, to bring to one point." 2) IN FOCUS is defined as "... clear, distinct, sharply defined." We use focus in Tae Kwon Do to mean a combination of these things; a concentration of power and energy coming together at one point through the unity of body, mind and spirit. ENERGY According to that same dictionary the word energy means: potential forces, strength or power efficiently exerted. In Physics energy is defined "... as the capacity for doing work and overcoming resistance ...". These definitions are applicable to Tae Kwon Do as stated. However, Oriental people know an energy called KI (Japanese) or CHI or QUIGONG (Chinese). It means variously Life Force (the essence of body, mind and spirit union), or Universal Force or Workable Force.
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Dragon School

Student's Guide

There are three general definitions of Chi which influence a person. Heavenly Chi (sky or universe), Earth Chi which absorbs the Heavenly Chi and is influenced by it. Man has Human Chi which is influenced by the other two plus within man are three Chi centers. The prevailing goal becomes balance between all of these. This is paraphrased from QUIGONG for Arthritis by Dr. Yang Jwing-Ming. He has written many books. For more information check at any book store or with Mrs. Erickson. Again let us reaffirm that even if this principle is Taoist in nature, it is also a truth, in general, of life - from a little different perspective than we generally possess in the Western world. MIDDLE PUNCH - Front Stance Step into Front Stance and Down Block. Chamber the opposite hand to the waist with the palm up. Step again into Front Stance and punch to the middle (solar plexus) as you chamber the opposite hand to the waist with the palm up. Step into Front Stance again and punch to the middle as you chamber the opposite hand to the waist with the palm, etc., etc. HIGH PUNCH - Front Stance Step into Front Stance and Down Block. Chamber the opposite hand to the waist with the palm up. Step again into Front Stance and punch to high (bridge of your opponent's nose) as you chamber the opposite hand to the waist with the palm up. Step into Front Stance again and punch to high as you chamber the opposite hand to the waist with the palm, etc., etc.

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Dragon School
SIDE ATTACK - Straddle Stance

Student's Guide

Start from Ready Stance, raise right hand up to solar plexus level. Chamber left hand to the waist with the palm up. Step forward with left foot directly in front of your right foot then pivot both feet simultaneously into Straddle Stance with toes pointing ahead. Push your left hand out palm up until almost fully extended. Rapidly twist the hand over to punch just as your hips lock. The energy is transferred into the target via your punch. Chamber for the next step. REVERSE / ADVANCE - Back Stance Start from Ready Stance, fold in modified Universal Fold. Left hand forms Knife hand is placed by right ear, palm facing the ear. Right hand forms fist and is placed in front of groin, palm facing groin. Step forward with left foot into Left Back Stance. Execute reverse horizontal chop with left Knife Hand, while chambering the right hand to your side. Target for the chop is the side of your opponents nect. Then execute a reverse punch with right fist, while chambering with your left hand. The target for the punch is your opponents solar plexus. Fold and continue moving forward. It is really important for you to understand and absorb the flow, the transfer of energy, and the pleasure of being in control of your movements. You do not remember how difficult it was when you first started walking. How many times you fell, how far the floor was, how hard it was, etc. If you did remember, you probably would not have been so eager to get on a two wheel bike. Do you remember the falls you had then? Or do you remember the first time you went without your training wheels and without someone holding you vertical? That was a thrill you will never forget because extreme pleasure as well as extreme pain register more fully in your memory than calmer experience likely.

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

The Japanese Samurai strove for perfection knowing that it was unobtainable. They gloried in the effort. As a Tae Kwon Do student, this may be the first time you MUST take full responsibility for YOUR OWN SELF. It does not matter if you are 13 or 30. All the joy, all the glory, and all the frustration come from you to you. No equipment, no weather, no lousy pitcher, or warped racket prevents you from a great performance EVERY TIME you perform for your own best audience - YOURSELF! It is all right to go slowly at first while you train your bones, muscles and sinew to new ways of moving. However, once you know the moves, you must always PRACTICE WITH FOCUS, even if you do move slowly. It is how well you practice which creates results. PERFECT PRACTICE creates more nearly perfect forms. It is in the striving that you will gain pleasure. Once you do well slowly, without effort, you will naturally begin to move with more speed and more focus. From speed comes power. You cannot work for power. Power comes from the work which produced speed. With speed and power comes focused accuracy. With accuracy comes VICTORY whether it is in a Tae Kwon Do match, or in relation to schoolwork or some project at the office or in the home. In learning to focus on your Tae Kwon Do, you will learn how you can apply the principles of Tae Kwon Do to everything you do. How you focus your energy is almost as important as where you focus it. Focus comes from within every molecule in your body when you unite body, mind, and spirit consciously on a specific goal.

NOTES:

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Dragon School
BASIC KICKS
(Long Range Weapons) FRONT SNAP KICK

Student's Guide

1. Bring leg forward, bending it so that the knee points at the target while keeping foot parallel to the floor without dragging it. 2. Extend the leg with a quick snapping motion so that the ball of the foot strikes the target. Pull toes back! 3. Rapidly return foot along same path used to execute the kick. FRONT THRUST KICK 1. Bring leg forward, bending it so that the knee points at the target while keeping foot parallel to the floor without dragging it. 2. Extend the leg thrusting from the hip and pivoting on the ball of the supporting foot. Drive the ball of the foot into the target. Pull toes back! 3. Rapidly return foot along same path used to execute the kick. SIDE SNAP KICK 1. Bring leg up as for front kick with knee pointing forward at the height of the target while keeping foot parallel to the floor without dragging it. 2. Pivot the supporting foot so that your kicking side parallels the target. 3. Extend the leg with a snapping motion, Striking the target with the BLADE of the foot. 4. Rapidly return foot along same path used to execute the kick.

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Dragon School
SIDE THRUST KICK

Student's Guide

1. Bring leg up as for front kick with knee pointing forward at the height of the target while keeping foot parallel to the floor without dragging it. 2. Looking at the target, pivot the supporting foot so that your kicking side parallels the target. 3. Extend the leg thrusting from the hip and pivoting on the supporting foot so that the toes of the supporting foot points away from the target. Drive the Blade of the foot or HEEL into the target. 4. Rapidly return foot along same path used to execute the kick. ROUNDHOUSE KICK - Front Leg 1. Raise front kick with knee pointing at target and heel folded to the buttock. 2. Extend the leg with a circular motion, Striking the target with the ball of the foot, as you pivot toes of supporting foot away from target. 3. Rapidly return foot along same path used to execute the kick, heel back to buttock. ROUNDHOUSE KICK - Back Leg 1. Shift weight to front leg, raise back leg with knee pointing at target and heel folded to the buttock. 2. Extend the back leg with a snapping circular motion, Striking the target with the ball of the foot, as you pivot toes of supporting foot away from target. 3. Rapidly return foot along same path used to execute the kick, heel back to buttock.

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Dragon School
BACK KICK (MULE)

Student's Guide

1. Fold kicking leg up to front so that thigh is approximately parallel to the floor, foot parallel to the floor. 2. Bend upper body forward approximately 45o. 3. Look back at the target over the shoulder of the kicking side and drive the heel straight back into the target. Keep the toes pointed down toward the floor. 4. Return foot along same path used to execute the kick

NOTES:

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Dragon School

Student's Guide
KICKING DRILLS

1. Partner's face each other in closed Fighting Stance. Partner 1 executes skipping front leg roundhouse kick to Partner 2's solar plexus refolding and stepping into original stance. Partner 2 blocks and immediately counters with skipping front leg roundhouse kick to Partner 1's solar plexus refolding and stepping into original stance. The blocking and countering continues for a total of five times for each partner. Switch legs and repeat drill. Drill can also be done with head high roundhouse kick. 2. Partner's face each other in open Fighting Stance. Partner 1 executes skipping back leg push kick to Partner 2's solar plexus refolding and stepping into opposite stance. Partner 2 immediately counters with skipping back leg push kick to Partner 1's solar plexus refolding and stepping into original stance. The countering continues for a total of five times for each partner. Switch legs and repeat drill. 3. Partner's face each other in open Fighting Stance. Partner 1 executes turning back leg side thrust kick to Partner 2's solar plexus refolding and stepping into PFS. As Partner 1 is executing kick, Partner 2 steps backwards switching stance and immediately counters with turning back leg side thrust kick to Partner 1's solar plexus refolding and stepping PFS. The countering continues for a total of five times for each partner. Switch legs and repeat drill. 4. Partner's face each other in closed Fighting Stance. Partner 1 executes butterfly back leg ax kick to Partner 2's collar bone refolding and stepping into PFS. Partner 2 immediately counters with butterfly back leg ax kick to Partner 1's collar bone refolding and stepping PFS. The countering continues for a total of five times for each partner. Switch legs and repeat drill.

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

5. Partner's face each other in open Fighting Stance. Partner 1 executes back leg roundhouse kick to Partner 2's solar plexus refolding and stepping into PFS. Partner 2 blocks and immediately counters with back turning side thrust kick to Partner 1's solar plexus followed by back leg roundhouse to the solar plexus. Partner 1 blocks and counters with back turning side thrust kick to Partner 2's solar plexus followed by a back leg roundhouse to the solar plexus. The blocking and countering continues for a total of five times for each partner. Switch legs and repeat drill.

NOTES:

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

BASIC SELF DEFENSE


Basic Self-Defense is an aware mind with an alert and strong body. In addition to an alert mind and strong body is the element of surprise. In many cases an attacker may choose the victim based on whether he thinks that person will be an easy target. Based on this, if you are attacked the element of surprise is in your favor. The attacker is probably not expecting you to react in a defensive manner, but merely to submit because of fear. A quick, effective self-defense technique will hopefully be a surprise to the attacker and allow you the chance to escape to safety. Never think of yourself as a helpless victim. Learn to develop a SURVIVAL mindset in a self-defense situation. The way to do this is to see in your mind your reaction to an attack. Think about what you would do and practice the techniques. Practice can be done in your mind as well as by doing them in a controlled situation such as in class. The better you learn to defend yourself by doing the techniques and visualizing the situation, the less likely you are to allow yourself to be in a situation where you will be considered an easy target. Hopefully, youll never actually have to use any of your self-defense techniques. But, its better to know it and never need it than to need it and not know it. In the Dragon School we will show you basic releases, trips, traps and a couple of throws. We also issue this disclaimer... None of these Techniques Are Guaranteed to Work under EVERY circumstance. Self-defense techniques combined with Tae Kwon Do techniques make for a better response to a self-defense situation.. Self-defense techniques will be taught to all ranks within the Dragon School. Self-defense techniques will be simple at first. The self-defense techniques required for Gold Stripe are against attacks to the front. The attack is some form of grab. These selfdefense techniques focus on releasing from the grab. As you advance in Tae Kwon Do, you will learn countering techniques to use after gaining release from the grab. However, the most basic counter that is to turn and run away from your attacker once you have gotten free.
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Dragon School

Student's Guide

The weakest point of any grab is the THUMB. Therefore, applying leverage to the thumb will allow you to free yourself. Applying leverage in the proper manner to any joint will create pain in your attacker. By creating pain the attacker will focus on their pain and you will gain the advantage. The first five basic self-defense techniques demonstrate this principle of leverage against a joint. The five basic self-defense techniques taught for Gold Stripe are: Wrist Grab - Same Side Wrist Grab - Opposite Side Single Lapel Grab (Peel Off) Double Lapel Grab (Over & Under) Double Lapel Grab (Up Block/Down Block)

Wrist Grab - Same Side Your attacker is facing you and grabs your wrist with their opposite hand (Attacker grabs your left wrist with their right hand). This is called Wrist Grab - Same Side. Your defense for this grab is to do the following: 1. Form knife hand with the wrist that was grabbed. In this case your left wrist was grabbed, form a knife hand with your left hand. 2. Step toward your attacker with the same foot as the wrist that was grabbed. In this case your left wrist was grabbed, step forward with the left foot. 3. After you complete the step forward, quickly raise your left palm to your shoulder keeping your elbow bent. While your are raising your palm, twist your hand to the outside. This will release you from the grab. KIA will you execute this step. 4. Once you are free, turn and run away from your attacker.

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Dragon School
Wrist Grab - Opposite Side

Student's Guide

Your attacker is facing you and grabs your wrist with their same hand (Attacker grabs your left wrist with their left hand). This is called Wrist Grab - Opposite Side. Your defense for this grab is to do the following: 1. Form knife hand with the wrist that was grabbed. In this case your left wrist was grabbed, form a knife hand with your left hand. 2. Raise your left knife hand so that the back of your hand is touching your opponents left wrist. 3. Place your right palm against your left palm. 4. Step toward your attacker with the right foot while pressing the back of your left hand against their wrist. Continue until attacker releases you. KIA while you execute this step. 5. Once you are free, turn and run away from your attacker. Single Lapel Grab (Peel Off) Your attacker is facing you and grabs your lapel (shoulder) with one hand (Attacker grabs your left lapel with their right hand). This is called Single Lapel Grab. Your defense for this grab is called Peel Off. You do the following: 1. Reach across your body with your opposite hand and grab your opponent hand. In this case your left lapel was grabbed, reach across with your right hand. 2. Place your right thumb deep in the V of your opponents hand. This is between the thumb and index finger. 3. Wrap your fingers around your opponents hand so that your fingertips touch their palm. 4. While applying pressure with your thumb, peel your opponents hand across your chest. This will cause your opponents hand to roll and bend at the wrist. If you

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

are successful, your opponents arm will be straight, elbow pointing to the sky, and wrist bent with fingers pointing to the sky. 5. Place your left palm against your opponents right elbow. 6. Step toward your attacker with your left foot while keeping their arm straight and wrist above their elbow. Continue until attacker is face down on the floor. Double Lapel Grab (Over & Under) Your attacker is facing you and grabs your lapels (shoulders) with both hands. This is called Double Lapel Grab. Your defense for this grab is called Over & Under. You do the following: 1. Place your left forearm on your attackers wrist closest to your left hand. 2. Slip your left hand between your attackers arms. Place the back of your left hand on the underside of your opponents other wrist. 3. Clasp your left hand with your right hand. 4. Push your hands to the left until your attacker releases you. 5. Once you are free, turn and run away from your attacker. Double Lapel Grab (Up Block/Down Block) This is an alternative to the previous technique. You respond before your attacker can grab hold of you. Your attacker is facing you and attempts to grabs your lapels (shoulders) or throat with both hands. This is called Double Lapel Grab. Your defense for this grab is called a Up Block/Down Block. You do the following: 1. Before attacker gets hold, execute an up block with your left forearm on the attackers wrist closest to your left forearm. 2. Immediately, execute a down block with your left forearm on your attackers other wrist. 3. Turn and run away from your attacker.

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

INTRODUCTION TO FREE SPARRING


Those interested in progressing through the ranks in Tae Kwon Do must understand that every technique learned is a technique for Self-Defense. Distance is primary in the effectiveness of blocks and critical to the chosen results of any defense of self you can merely block and stop, block and hurt, or block and hurt someone badly enough to stop. A single technique done at different distances to the same target can be the technique for all three actions, stop, hurt, or kill. This is based on distance and intent. Basics, Mobility Drills, One-Steps, and Forms are all part of Self-Defense training. The repetition of the same, specific pattern creates an Engram. According to the Websters 3rd New International: "An ENGRAM is a memory trace. It is a protoplasmic change in neural tissue hypothesized to account for the persistence of " . The first time you drove a car every action took a thought until you learned it so thoroughly that it became a habit. Once learned, it now no longer takes any thought. Get your car keys out, put them in the lock, open the door, etc. Go through each step until you have the car turned on, in gear, and ready to go. It takes a long time if you consciously think about each step. You have created a Drive the car engram that activates when you approach the car. The same engram even works if change cars. You make slight modifications, if necessary, between models. All the repetitions you perform in each class are aimed at creating a Self-Defense engram that is ingrained into your physical system until it becomes an unconscious act is used when the need for defense of self (or others) becomes imperative for survival. There are basic techniques for which you will form these engram memory patterns. These techniques are part of your basic training. These techniques will be simple at first, then these basic techniques will be combined to create drills and forms. This required material is part of Self-Defense training. All of these techniques depend on repetition until they are almost an unconscious action. In order to enable you to perform these in practice without injury to yourself and your classmates, you must learn about distance and intent. DEFINITIONS OF DISTANCE: SOCIAL DISTANCE For reasons of safety and social mores a certain distance between people is acknowledged instinctively by other members of the tribe. This distance which is mutually acceptable is known as social distance.
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Dragon School
SURVIVAL DISTANCE (Safe Distance)

Student's Guide

None of the following are considered social distances. When endangered, our body will function under unconscious, biological, genetically programmed responses known as Fear or Flight mechanisms. These actions can be triggered when a person perceives through their senses that they are endangered. This survival distance is generally set without our conscious thought because of fear. Fear has a tendency to indicate to your survival reactions that you should freeze or flee. Some of this fear response is an imprint within your DNA that tells you Freeze or Flee. The freeze response tells you that holding still is the best way to be safe. In another situation this response tells you that flight is right and boosts adrenal activity to indicate to the body that running for its life will facilitate survival. It is possible to fluctuate between the two which creates confusing, debilitating signals that can imperil survival. An example might be the quail in Bambi. As you no doubt remember, they hide in the bushes out of sight and freeze, so that the hunters will not know that they are there. The tension then becomes so unbearable that some of the quail run and then fly rather than deal with the tension. This unwise response to that tension causes them to fly right into the hunters gun. BOOM!!! This is the same kind of tension that we experience in modern life. For example think of a situation when you are not free to say what you want to say to a person who has authority over you. You cannot say what you want or act as you choose for fear of criticism or loss of your position. When you are not free to act or free to leave, then you must freeze and take what is said without any visible reaction. This creates tension and stress. The fear or flight engram is always not valid for modern, healthy, existence. Through the practice of Tae Kwon Do, you will replace outmoded engrams with new engrams which give you alternative actions in addition to freezing and fleeing. The old, reactive engrams are not lost. Newer, better response come up before the old data can be recalled. Your Tae Kwon Do practice will start with learning to take control of your personal space consciously. For this to become a conscious process, you must understand the various definitions of distance both mentally and physically.

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Dragon School
BLOCKING DISTANCE

Student's Guide

There are four imperatives within Survival Distance.

If you wish to block a persons attack you must be close enough to physically stop whatever is coming at you. The block can deflect an action or it can be performed with sufficient force to break a bone. Your intent and the distance (how close you are) determine the results.. DEFENSIVE DISTANCE If you choose to defend yourself by direct action you must be close enough to strike that person with sufficient power to deter further action. The distance from which you strike and your intent will help determine the effectiveness of your. You have no effective techniques if you are not close enough to hit. If you are close enough to hit, remember you are close enough to be hit. Deciding to defend yourself embodies a decision to stay in possibly dangerous territory. CONTROL DISTANCE If you choose to control a person, you must be close enough to physically touch them. Control means to block and place them under a control technique. You may also control the distance between the two of you by not being at the same place where a blow is going to land. This is called evading and is covered in greater detail when you come to sparring. Control Distance is also a part of absolutely every technique you perform with anyone at anytime in class. Without control in mutual interaction you will have difficulty achieving self-confidence in your techniques. Control Distance can apply to spatial distance outside your body. Control Distance can also apply to the depth to which any given blow will penetrate within the body of the target. The depth of penetration depends on your distance from the target as well as your intention in relation to the damage you wish to inflict on the object of your defense. You must learn to control distance, if you intend to safely participate in the practice of Tae Kwon Do. This is part of the discipline involved when you choose to become a person who possess self control and discipline. Control is exercised without fail even if our outdated reactions send out inappropriate signals to our body when we have a sufficient amount to create new engrams.

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

None of the things mentioned so far will become a part of you as a student without a great deal of repetitive, willing practice on your part. Practice creates the body, mind, and spirit connection that is the goal of Tae Kwon Do. RUNNING DISTANCE This is the distance you create by running (or by leaving the area) in order to remove yourself from an attack or other danger. You use this distance to avoid the attack until you are in your own territory at a time of your own choice. Tae Kwon Do does not teach you how to fight. Tae Kwon Do teaches you how to walk away from a challenge with dignity! A quote from Tim Tieya, 9th degree Tae Kwon Do Black Belt under Master Allen Steen. INTENT In Websters 3rd New International dictionary Intent is defined, ... as having the mind or will concentrated on some aim or purpose, having the mind or attention closely or fixedly directed on something - such as preoccupied or engrossed. The definition mentions mind and/or will concentrated on some aim or purpose. Through your Tae Kwon Do practice, you will learn how to concentrate both your mind and your will on survival. Also you will learn how to appropriately call up that kind of intent when it is necessary. Learning to be aware of your intent within your actions is part of the process which will aid in integrating your body, mind, and spirit. SURVIVAL IS NOT SOCIAL! For proper defense you must be close enough to strike your opponent. Your body perceives this as a dangerous distance and automatically sets a safe or social spacing. You must construct new engrams which override and upgrade this archaic. In terms of Tae Kwon D safe is no longer a valid distance when survival is the object of the action. The whole training of Tae Kwon Do practice is a process which replaces outdated unconscious social engrams with upgraded conscious habits which can help ensure survival in our modern times.

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Dragon School
Basic Form 1
STEP
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Right 1800 Left 2700 Left 900 Right 1800 Left 2700 Left 900 Right 1800

Student's Guide

TURN
Left 900

STANCE
Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance

TECHNIQUE
Left Down Block Right Punch Right Down Block Left Punch Left Down Block Right Punch Left Punch Right Punch, KIA! Left Down Block Right Punch Right Down Block Left Punch Left Down Block Right Punch Left Punch Right Punch, KIA! Left Down Block Right Punch Right Down Block Left Punch

TARGET

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus Solar Plexus Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus Solar Plexus Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus page 67

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

Dragon School
Basic Form 2
STEP
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Right 1800 Left 2700 Left 900 Right 1800 Left 2700 Left 900 Right 1800

Student's Guide

TURN
Left 900

STANCE
Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Front Stance Right Front Stance Left Front Stance

TECHNIQUE
Left Down Block Right Punch Right Down Block Left Punch Left Down Block Right Up Block Left Up Block Right Up Block, KIA! Left Down Block Right Punch Right Down Block Left Punch Left Down Block Right Up Block Left Up Block Right Up Block, KIA! Left Down Block Right Punch Right Down Block Left Punch

TARGET

Nose

Nose

Nose

Nose

Nose

Nose page 69

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

Dragon School
Basic Form 3
STEP
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Right 1800 Left 2700 Left 900 Right 1800 Left 2700 Left 900 Right 1800

Student's Guide

TURN
Left 900

STANCE
Left Back Stance Right Front Stance Right Back Stance Left Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Straddle Stance Left Straddle Stance Right Straddle Stance Left Back Stance Right Front Stance Right Back Stance Left Front Stance Left Front Stance Right Straddle Stance Left Straddle Stance Right Straddle Stance Left Back Stance Right Front Stance Right Back Stance Left Front Stance

TECHNIQUE
Left Outside Block Right Punch Right Outside Block Left Punch Left Down Block Side Attack Punch Side Attack Punch Side Attack Punch, KIA! Left Outside Block Right Punch Right Outside Block Left Punch Left Down Block Side Attack Punch Side Attack Punch Side Attack Punch, KIA! Left Outside Block Right Punch Right Outside Block Left Punch

TARGET

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus Solar Plexus Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus Solar Plexus Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus

Solar Plexus page 88

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

Dragon School
China Form

Student's Guide

The name "China Form" was selected as a result of Mrs. Erickson having performed this drill at the Shaolin Temple in China in September 1985. This form is a combination of the five hand one steps.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE

TARGET

PICTURE

Step forward with left foot into left front stance

Left Outside Block

Remain in Left Front Stance

Right Vertical Chop Left Collar (Chamber Left Fist) Bone KIA!

KIA

Remain in Left Front Stance

Left Punch (Chamber Right Fist) Right Knife Hand Down Block

Solar Plexus

Move left foot back behind right foot to form Right Back Stance

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Dragon School
China Form
STEP
6

Student's Guide

STANCE
Step forward with right foot into Straddle Stance

TECHNIQUE
Right Inside Block (Chamber Left Fist) Right Reverse Chop

TARGET

PICTURE

Remain in Straddle Stance

Neck KIA!

KIA

Rake face with right Left Reverse Punch Solar Plexus hand while sliding right (Chamber Right foot straight back and Fist) o to the right into pivot 90 right front stance Move right foot back behind left foot to form Left Back Stance Step forward with right foot into Straddle Stance Left Knife Hand Down Block

10

Right Inside Block (Chamber Left Fist) Right Backfist Face KIA!
KIA

11

Remain in Straddle Stance

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Dragon School
China Form
STEP
12

Student's Guide

STANCE
Shift feet 45o to left so that you are in left front stance

TECHNIQUE
Swing right fist down from the shoulder in a "C" motion and strike with Hammerfist Raise right fist chest high and strike straight back with right elbow Strike up with heel of right foot

TARGET
Groin

PICTURE

13

Staying in left front stance jump back

Solar Plexus

14

Remain in Left Front Stance and shift weight to left leg

Groin

15

Pivot right foot 180o to Left Knife Hand the left to form Left Back Down Block Stance Step forward into deep Left Front Stance Left Up Block (Chamber Right Fist)

16

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Dragon School
China Form
STEP
17

Student's Guide

STANCE
Remain in Left Front Stance

TECHNIQUE
Right Reverse Elbow

TARGET
Spleen Plexus KIA!

PICTURE
KIA

18

Remain in Left Front Stance. After technique is executed pivot 45o to right into Right Front Stance Remain in Right Front Stance

Left glancing Elbow

Liver Plexus

19

Left Reverse Chop

Neck

20

Remain in Right Front Stance and shift weight to right leg

Grab Attacker's Groin shoulder and pull down while striking up with heel of left foot

21

Pivot left foot 180o to the Right Knife Hand right to form Right Back Down Block Stance

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Dragon School
China Form
STEP
22

Student's Guide

STANCE
Step forward with left foot into Straddle Stance with left knee to outside of Attacker's knee. Go outside Attacker's punch Remain in Straddle Stance

TECHNIQUE
Outside - Inside Palm Heel Block

TARGET
Attacker's Right Punch (Shoulder)

PICTURE

23

Right Ridge Hand (Chamber Left Fist)

Solar Plexus KIA!

KIA

24

Remain in Straddle Stance

Left Horizontal Chop (Chamber Right Fist). Grab Hair and pull head back Right Horizontal Chop (Chamber Left Fist) Maintain hold on hair

Base of Skull

25

Remain in Left Straddle Stance

Throat

26

Begin in Left Straddle Twist neck and rake Stance and dip Attacker's face knee with your Left Knee

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School
China Form
STEP
27

Student's Guide

STANCE
Step over fallen Attacker and pivot left foot 180o to the right to form Right Back Stance Right Back Stance

TECHNIQUE

TARGET

PICTURE

28

Inside to Outside Crescent Kick Right Front Snap Kick

Head

29

Step with right foot into Straddle Stance

Right Three Inch Punch (Bruce Lee)

Head

KIA

30

Move right foot back to step into Ready Stance

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 94

Dragon School

Student's Guide
One-Step Sparring

One-Steps are contrived situations of combat which train you to face (by choice) a potentially dangerous situation. You not only learn to block the attack, but also counter and attack so that you gain control of the situation. By facing these contrived situations, you learn to develop personal habits and attitudes that make you more effective in "real" situations. You will also expose habits and attitudes that cause you to be less effective in "real" situations (i.e., flinching as someone comes toward you in a threatening manner). You will learn to focus direct physical action within another person's energy field (space). You will train your body to go for various but specific targets using various weapons from alternating sides. Above all, you begin to commence Total Body Training as you use mind, body, and spirit as a self-controlled unit of effectiveness. All One-Steps end with defender in Fighting Stance. Fighting Stance is a modified back stance where you are ready to kick with the front leg. Your hands are held in fists. The basics for all one steps:

Attacker and Defender face each other in Attention Stance and bow. Attacker and Defender then assume Ready Stance. Attacker steps backwards with right foot into Left Front Stance and executes Left Down Block and KIA's. This is the ready to attack position. Defender KIA's when ready to defend and prepares for block. Attacker steps with right foot into Right Front Stance and punches to the nose of Defender. (Note: Unless otherwise indicated the Attacker always punches to the base of the Defender's nose. Defender may indicate Solar Plexus as an attack target by touching the solar plexus before the KIA.) Defender simultaneously executes One-Step.

The techniques as described in the following pages are initially learned to be performed against a right hand attack. However, just as we warm up/cool down and practice basic techniques (i.e., punching, blocking, and kicking) with both right and left
Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

sides to provide balance for the body, mind, and spirit, so should the Hand One-Steps be performed to both sides. Once you have effectively learned the Hand One-Steps, you should be able to perform the techniques against either a right or left hand attack.

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 71

Dragon School

Student's Guide
One-Step Sparring
(Hand Techniques)

The first 5 One-Steps will use only your hands for defense and offense. The primary objective of these One-Steps are to teach you how to get within effective defensive/offensive distance from an opponent. You will also learn how to shift stances and execute techniques. A secondary objective is to get you familiar with stepping into an opponents space with your knee to the inside of your opponents knee and gain control of your opponent's movement.

Forward Ho
GOAL: This One-Step trains you to step directly into the aggressor's "field", to alternate sides when executing techniques, and to withdraw to a position of awareness of the attacker's position.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Step forward with left foot into left front stance with your knee inside of attackers knee

Left Outside Block

Attacker's Right Punch (Forearm)

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School
Forward Ho
STEP
3

Student's Guide

STANCE
Remain in Left Front Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET
Right Vertical Chop (Chamber Left Fist) Left Collar Bone KIA!

PICTURE
KIA

Remain in Left Front Stance

Left Punch (Chamber Right Fist) Right Knife Hand Down Block

Solar Plexus

Move left foot back behind right foot to form Right Back Stance Remain in Right Back Stance

Right Front Snap Kick

Move right foot back to step into Ready Stance

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 73

Dragon School
Stances
Goal:

Student's Guide

This One-Step aids in your training for correct stances, helps you to perceive and understand the various balances, the energy flow involved when you change them and the need for focus. It will help you to learn how to use pivotal balance as well as how to shift stances without losing ground.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Step forward with right foot into Straddle Stance with your knee inside of attackers knee Remain in Straddle Stance

Right Inside Block (Chamber Left Fist)

Attacker's Right Punch (Forearm)


KIA

Right Reverse Chop

Neck KIA!

Rake face with fingers while sliding right foot straight back and pivot 90o into right front stance

Left Reverse Punch (Chamber Right Fist)

Solar Plexus

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 74

Dragon School
Stances
STEP
5

Student's Guide

STANCE
Move right foot back behind left foot to form Left Back Stance Remain in Left Back Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET
Left Knife Hand Down Block

PICTURE

Left Front Snap Kick

Move left foot back to step into Ready Stance

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 75

Dragon School
Cheerleader
Goal:

Student's Guide

This One-Step trains you to gain an awareness of the targets which you present to the attacker as well as aiding you in learning to divide the defensive thought by varying the area attacked. This is the beginning of conscious mental and physical unity. These techniques will train multiple reactions from the same side and will aid in training alternation between hand and foot techniques.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Step forward with right foot into Straddle Stance with your knee inside of attackers knee Remain in Straddle Stance

Right Inside Block (Chamber Left Fist)

Attacker's Right Punch (Forearm)


KIA

Right Backfist

Face KIA!

Shift feet 45o to left so that you are in front stance facing AWAY 45o from Attacker

Swing right fist down from the shoulder in a "C" motion and strike with Hammerfist

Groin

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 76

Dragon School
Cheerleader
STEP
5

Student's Guide

STANCE
Move right foot back between Attacker's legs sliding left foot into Front Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET
Raise right fist chest high and strike straight back with right elbow Strike up with heel of right foot Solar Plexus

PICTURE

Remain in Left Front Stance and shift weight to left leg

Groin

Pivot right foot 180o to Left Knife Hand the left to form Left Back Down Block Stance Remain in Left Back Stance Left Front Snap Kick

Move left foot back to step into Ready Stance

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 77

Dragon School
Intercept
Goal:

Student's Guide

This One-Step underlines the concept of timing, lateral target awareness and overwhelming the opposition by DIRECTLY (physically) interrupting attacker's forward motion then subtly getting into leg checks and playing with the attacker's balance. This will help work on getting you to jam the attacker's energy field and utilizes alternating techniques with short-range weapons and mobility.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Step forward into deep Left Front Stance inside Attacker's knee before punch gains force and focus Remain in Left Front Stance

Left Up Block (Chamber Right Fist)

Attacker's Right Punch (Forearm)

Right Reverse Elbow

Spleen Plexus KIA!

KIA

Remain in Left Front Stance. After technique is executed pivot 45o to right into Right Front Stance

Left glancing Elbow

Liver Plexus

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 78

Dragon School
Intercept
STEP
5

Student's Guide

STANCE
Remain in Right Front Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET
Left Reverse Chop Neck

PICTURE

Remain in Right Front Stance and shift weight to right leg

Grab Attacker's shoulder and pull down while striking up with heel of left foot

Groin

Pivot left foot 180o to the Right Knife Hand right to form Right Back Down Block Stance Remain in Right Back Stance Right Front Snap Kick

Move right foot back to step into Ready Stance

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 79

Dragon School
Parry
Goal:

Student's Guide

This One-Step represents the ideal focus of the three aspects of yourself - body, mind, and intelligence (spirit) - so that you avoid confronting the attacker directly, rather you subtly re-direct its energy to flow for your advantage... This is at first passive, then direct, then overwhelming. This trains you to avoid blows (fights), to counter what is unavoidable and then truly finish the attacker off. This continues the use of leg check movements and begins training in control of attacker. NOTE: In this one step the attacker must punch to the solar plexus instead of the base of the nose.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Step forward with left foot into Straddle Stance with left knee to outside of Attacker's knee. Go outside Attacker's punch Remain in Straddle Stance

Outside - Inside Palm Heel Block

Attacker's Right Punch (Shoulder)

Right Ridge Hand Solar Plexus (Chamber Left KIA! Fist)

KIA

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School
Parry
STEP
4

Student's Guide

STANCE
Remain in Straddle Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET
Left Horizontal Chop (Chamber Right Fist). Grab Hair and pull head back Right Horizontal Chop (Chamber Left Fist) Maintain hold on hair Base of Skull

PICTURE

Remain in Left Straddle Stance

Throat

Begin in Left Straddle Twist Attacker's Stance and dip Attacker's neck and rake knee with your Left Knee face Step over fallen Attacker and pivot left foot 180o to the right to form Right Back Stance Right Back Stance Right Knife Hand Down Block

Right Front Snap Kick

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School
Parry
9 Move right foot back to step into Ready Stance

Student's Guide

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 82

Dragon School

Student's Guide
One-Step Sparring
(Kicking Techniques)

You should by now be somewhat familiar with the requirements of good, basic hand-technique one steps. Tae Kwon Do emphasizes kicking techniques, yet most of the forms have few kicks. These basic kicking one-steps are to help fill in the training gap until you get to the forms with kicks. Effective fighting will include the alternation and use of all your weapons and all the ranges from elbow techniques to full extension kicks. As well as debilitating an opponent, you have an obligation to know CONTROL TECHNIQUES, techniques where you can stop an opponent without doing a great deal of damage to him physically.

Front Kick
GOAL: You step into and totally dominate the attacker's field. Both the kick and the punch can be delivered close without a great deal of damage or done full power for devastation.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Step backward with right foot into left front stance

Left Knife Hand Block, grab Attacker's wrist

Attacker's Right Punch (Forearm)

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School
Front Kick
Step
3

Student's Guide

STANCE
Start in Left Front Stance, after kick step into Right Front Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET
Right Front Thrust Kick Groin KIA!

PICTURE
KIA

Remain in Right Front Stance

Right Punch (Chamber Left Fist), pull attacker's arm forward Left Knife Hand Down Block

Throat, punch past head for full power

Move right foot back behind left foot to form Left Back Stance Move left foot back to step into Ready Stance

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 96

Dragon School
Side Kick Block
Goal:

Student's Guide

This One-Step increases awareness of timing kicks, of using kicks for blocking and using follow-up hand techniques.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Step forward with right foot into Straddle Stance with your knee inside of attackers knee Remain in Straddle Stance

Right Side Thrust Kick Block

Attacker's Solar Plexus KIA!

KIA

Grab Attacker's extended hand and strike in and down with Attacker's hand Left Knife Hand Down Block

Groin

Move right foot back behind left foot to form Left Back Stance Move left foot back to step into Ready Stance

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School
Double Kick
Goal:

Student's Guide

This One-Step helps you learn to use the opponent's strength or height against him, begins an awareness of multiple kicks and targets as well as judging distance and timing.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Step backward with left foot into Right Front Stance

Left Knife Hand Block (Chamber Right Fist), grab Attacker's wrist Left Front Snap Kick while holding onto Attacker Right Front Snap Kick

Attacker's Right Punch (Forearm)


KIA

Remain in Right Front Stance

Knee KIA!

Solar Plexus

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School
Double Kick
STEP
5

Student's Guide

STANCE
Move right foot back behind left foot to form Left Back Stance Move left foot back to step into Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET
Left Knife Hand Down Block

PICTURE

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 99

Dragon School

Student's Guide

X Block With Double Front Snap Kick


Goal: This One-Step incorporates a control technique block which gives you a choice to kick or not depending on the attacker's movement. It also allows you time to choose the right targets.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Remain in Ready Stance

X Block UP (right Attacker's wrist over left to Right Punch form X) (Forearm)

Step backwards with right foot into Left Front Stance

Turn Attacker's Attacker's arm so the elbow arm is up and Attacker is bent over Front Snap Kick with top of right foot Face
KIA

Remain in Left Front Stance

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

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Dragon School

Student's Guide

X Block With Double Front Snap Kick


STEP
5

STANCE
Remain in Left Front Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET
Front Snap Kick with top of right foot Left Knife Hand Down Block Solar Plexus

PICTURE

Move right foot back behind left foot to form Left Back Stance Move left foot back to step into Ready Stance

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 101

Dragon School

Student's Guide

Crescent Kick - Side Kick


Goal: This One-Step helps train you further in the use of combination and variety of kicks, in the use of kicks for blocking techniques. You will also gain more input as to correct timing, distance and control. Defender sets distance and places hand over solar plexus to indicate where the attacker should punch.

STEP
1

STANCE
Ready Stance

TECHNIQUE TARGET

PICTURE

Remain in Ready Stance

Right Inside Crescent Kick

Attacker's Right Punch (Shoulder)

KIA

Refold right foot to left knee

Right Side Thrust Kick

Solar Plexus

Move right foot back behind left foot to form Left Back Stance Move left foot back to step into Ready Stance

Left Knife Hand Down Block

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 102

Dragon School

Student's Guide

Promotion to Purple Belt rank and above require the student to create their own one-step combinations. The following are good techniques to start creating one-steps: 1. Left knife hand block with right chop at the same time, then grab; 2. Side kick with right leg, then backfist with right handl; 3. Left inside-outside block at the same time as you execute right palm thrust; 4. Right spin kick then left turn kick; 5. Inside left block with short left front kick from back stance; It is important to remember that all one-steps must have the ability to totally stop, deflect or avoid the attack, then provide an opportunity for good counterattack techniques. GOOD ONE-STEPS ARE DONE FROM GOOD STANCES, WITH GOOD ATTITUDE AND STRONG, FOCUSED POWER.

NOTES:

Copyright 1996 Dragon School of Tae Kwon Do

page 103

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