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Mapping the Ideological Spectrum of the Muslim Community

No. Issue Opinion 1 Opinion 2 Opinion 3 Opinion 4 Opinion 5

1 Khilafah Obligation, priority Obligation, priority, distant Obligation, not priority, very distant Utopian, undeniable but impractical Modern political construct
2 Politics Obligation, ayn Obligation, kifayah Dirty, avoided Foreign to Islam Western politics, thanks
3 The West Hadharah, evil, to be fought Hadharah, evil, avoided People & system, context specific Good to Muslims Same as Islam
4 Clash of Civilisations Inherent, necessary Yes, but want to believe differently Yes, but can avoid it No, extremists on both sides No, all humans want the same thing
5 Values Islam best, must be superior Islam best, but can't impose All religions teach same values Measure Islam by Western standard West is best, Islam evil/backward
6 Muslim Rulers Evil, puppets, must go Evil, puppets, but can't do much Not the best, hope for better Worry about yourself first Protectors of Islam
7 Need for Change Priority, comprehensive, obligation Necessary, comprehensive Necessary, partial Necessary, individualistic Allah controls our affairs
8 Nature of Society Academic, very detailed Comprehensive (HT x3) Vague, but more than individual Indiviualistic Don't think about it much
9 Ideological View Islam is ideological Islam is comprehensive Islam is a 'complete way of life' Islam is personal Islam is secular
10 Revival Necessity, comprehensive, ayn Necessity, comprehensive, kifayah Individualistic Wait for mehdi Yes, but on secular basis
11 Readiness of Ummah Yes, strong & capable Sort of, hope so No, more work to do No way, not by a long shot Always had/will have problems
12 Groups in Islam Necessity, kifayah Can be helpful, but not obligatory Just follow your shiek Cause of all problems/divisions Marxist innovation
13 Hijab Order from Allah (swt) Part of my Islamic identity Protects my honour Not obligatory Islam devalues women
14 Mosques Centre of Islamic life (balanced) Centre of Islamic life (skewed) Place of prayer (functional purpose) Irrelevant to my needs/life Last place I would send my child
15 Hudud Obligatory, all to be implemented Obligatory, but uncomfortable Context specific Focus on spirit, not text Barbaric
16 HT Should have the leadership Admirable, persevering, sincere Good & bad Deviants Political, not Islamic
17 HT Activities Sets the standard for Ummah Admirable, respected Good & bad Makes life harder for Muslims Enemy of Islamic cause
18 Jihad Obligation, offensive & defensive Obligation, defensive Personal & (some) military Mostly personal Entirely personal
19 Integration Evil, rejected Some aspects evil Context specific Preferable Necessity
20 Assimilation Evil, rejected Some aspects evil Context specific Preferable Necessity
21 Citizenship Haram, allegiance is to Allah (swt) Only under taqiyah Bad option, but little options Ok, but conditionally Necessary
22 Democracy Kufr, haram Haram, but concessions Different opinions, maslaha Democracy is like shura Democracy is Islamic
23 Human Rights Kufr, haram Some halal, some haram Consistent with Islam Human rights are Islamic rights Human rights superior Islamic rights
24 United Nations Kufr, haram Unjust to Muslims Need active engagement Opportunity to solve problems Best means to solve problems
25 Christianity Kufr Misguidance Not for me … Religion of 'People of the book' Same as Islam in essence
26 Christians Kuffar Misguided Have yet to hear Islam properly Respected as 'People of the book' Brothers in faith
27 Media Enemies of Islam Fourth column of state Good & bad Sensationalist, need to strategise We need to educate them …
28 Western Politician(s) Hates Islam Hates Muslims Looking after the national interest Has good intentions True believer in justice & equity
29 Government Funding Posion, completely rejected Problematic, but few options Let's beat the devil at his own game Government is trying to help Saviour for the Muslims
30 War on Terrorism War on Islam War on (misguided) Muslims Legitimate response to 9/11 War to protect innocent life War against enemies of humanity

Question - what sort of list would a sufi, salafi, tablighi, ikhwani, simple, moderate, extremist or secular Muslim devise?
That is, which issues would they define as priority for attention, and how would this be reflective of their thinking?
Key considerations that inform your view of the world

No. View Consideration Consequence

1 Way of belief rational v emotional, simple v deep, personal v comprehensive, passive v active, obligations v rationalisations

Rational Strong and informed


Emotional Weak and uninformed

Simple Superficial approach to Islam and the world


Deep More comprehensive view of Islam and the world

Personal View things in personal terms only


Ideological Understand Islam should influence every aspect of life

Passive Islam is my personal choice


Active Leading humanity by Islam is my divine responsibility

Obligations View matters as orders from Allah (swt), and therefore, not negotiable
Rationalisations Obligations are rationalised, and therefore, subject to diminshment

2 View of society individual v collective

Individual Target individuals only in their capacity as individuals


Target individuals but not the systems or public opinion
Accept the existing system so only seeking selected reforms
Cannot undertsand the nature of power & influence in society
Believe change can only happen gradually and through numbers
Seek to rationalise collective policies through personalised prism
Incapable of analysing the behaviours & motivations of states
Regard individuals as the tools of implementation

Collective Target individuals as part of society


Target is bigger than the individual
Seek to challenge public opinion, not just an individual's opinion
Understand certain individuals represent a system and not themselves
Understand no individual (or group of individuals) is bigger than the system
Understand the importance of power structures & power politics
More accurate political analysis
Understand system exists to implement, protect & preserve the ideology

3 View of politics passive v active, inward v outward, theoretical v practical, islamic v western

passive target of religion is only the individuals and not the systems
focus is on individual responsibility and not collective responsibilities

active religion must inform political life


cannot separate temporal and spiritual

theoretical seek to understand, but not shape, political developments


adopt a certain position, but not seek to implement it

practical seek to shape political life, not just observe it


discussion is not only about solutions, but implementing these solutions

islamic reject status quo


work to implement alternative ideology

western accept status quo


work to bring about specific improvements

4 View of clash necessary v avoidable, inherent or artificial, confident v weak

necessary believe comprehensive change cannot occur without struggle


undertake measures that accelerate and intensify this struggle
demand a switch of allegiances from masses & people of nusrah

avoidable disregard self-preserving role of existing power structures


avoid measures that generate hostile reactions
become mute in the face of hostility

inherent believe ideologies are mutually exclusive in every way


issue is bigger than any individual or group

artificial believe certain individuals are exploiting political processes


work to suppress these individuals whilst promoting others

confident not afraid to confront the enemy


proactive
independent agenda
suppress the personal in favour of the collective

weak seek to avoid the enemy


reactionary
compromised agenda
promote the personal at the expense of the collective
Examples of Thinking in Practice

No. Issue Opinion 1 Opinion 2 Opinion 3 Opinion 4 Opinion 5

2 Politics Obligation, ayn Obligation, kifayah Dirty, avoided Foreign to Islam Western politics, thanks
17 HT Activities Sets the standard for Ummah Admirable, respected Good & bad Makes life harder for Muslims Enemy of Islamic cause
27 Media Enemies of Islam Fourth column of state Good & bad Sensationalist, need to strategise We need to educate them …
28 Western Politician(s) Hates Islam Hates Muslims Looking after the national interest Has good intentions True believer in justice & equity
30 War on Terrorism War on Islam War on (misguided) Muslims Legitimate response to 9/11 War to protect innocent life War against enemies of humanity

What sort of thinking would be required to generate these sorts of responses?

No. Issue Opinion Background Thinking

2 Politics Obligation, ayn No separation between spritual & temporal, implementing deen & saving humanity is personal obligation, worried about Allah's reckoning, etc
2 Politics Obligation, kifayah No separation between spritual & temporal, implementing deen & saving humanity is scholar/ruler obligation, worried about Allah's reckoning, etc
2 Politics Dirty, avoided Separation between spiritual & temporal, disregard of clear ahkam, possible confusion over western & islamic politics, scars from previous experience?
2 Politics Foreign to Islam Narrow understanding of politics? Equating actions of corrupt individuals with system? Takes the Seerah as mere bedtime stories? Victim of secularism?
2 Politics Western politics, thanks Where/how did he learn Islam? Corrupted belief or defeatist mentality? Does he equate Islamic & Western politics? Is he just ignorant of Islamic politics?

17 HT Activities Sets the standard for Ummah


17 HT Activities Admirable, respected
17 HT Activities Good & bad
17 HT Activities Makes life harder for Muslims
17 HT Activities Enemy of Islamic cause

27 Media Enemies of Islam


27 Media Fourth column of state
27 Media Good & bad
27 Media Sensationalist, need to strategise
27 Media We need to educate them …

30 War on Terrorism War on Islam


30 War on Terrorism War on (misguided) Muslims
30 War on Terrorism Legitimate response to 9/11
30 War on Terrorism War to protect innocent life
30 War on Terrorism War against enemies of humanity

What sort of responses would be envisaged from the following dawah initiatives?

No. Initiative Targeted individual Expected Response(s) Appropriate Strategy(s) Flow of Discussion

1 Petition against Arab Rulers Tablighi brother


Secular sister
Muslim MP

2 Debate about Secularism Salafi shiek


Lebanese gangsta youth
Representative of Jamiati Islami

What sort of thinking do the following responses indicate?

No. Initiative Response Thinking

1 Khilafah Conference Oh, not again!


2 New edition of iDialogue Was looking forward to this!
3 Article against democracy Ignorant fools!
4 Leaflet distribution I told you last week to stop this!
5 Protest at US embassy US gave Kosovo freedom!