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# 1

PROBLEM:
Two forces of 700 N each applied 500 mm from the axis of the shaft,
is transmitted to a 100 mm diameter shaft by means of a shear key,
30 mm long and 10 mm wide and 15 mm deep in cross section. What
is the shearing stress of the key?
Solution:

since,

and,

therefore,

PROBLEM:
A cylindrical pressurized air freshener container of 100 mm height
and 50 mm diameter has flat ends and carries an allowable stress of
150 MPa. How thick is the container if it is subjected to a maximum
internal pressure of 200 MPa?
Solution:

PROBLEM 3:
A 25 mm diameter bolt is subjected to a tensile load and is allowed
to a maximum tensile stress and maximum shear stress of 160 MPa
and 120 MPa, respectively. How much is the safe tensile load if its
nuts is 10 mm thick and diameter and pitch at the root of the thread
is 20 mm and 2 mm, respectively?
Solution:
P shearing:

Note:

P bearing:

Therefore,

QUESTION:
Refers to the measurement based on qualitative law of chemical
combination

2

PROBLEM:
A point-souce unshaded electric lamp has a luminous intensity of
100 candle 4 ft on top of the table. What is the illumination of the
table?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A steel wire of 100 mm diameter is suspended at one end and has no
load except its own weight. What is the maximum shearing stress if
its length is 2m? Assume specific gravity of steel to be 7.85.
Solution:

where,

therefore,
(

)

QUESTION:
What is the mole fraction of the solute in a solution of 40% ethanol
in water if one mol of ethanol is 46 gram/mol while water is 18
gram/mol?

PROBLEM:
A steel wire of 100 mm diameter is suspended at one end and has no
load except its own weight. What is the maximum length if its
maximum shearing stress is 100 kPa. Assume specific gravity of steel
to be 7.85.
Solution:

)

PROBLEM:
A 22.5 mL sample of 5.20 M solution of nitric acid is diluted to 40.5
mL. What is the molarity of the diluted solution?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A container contains three gases: oxygen, carbon dioxide and
helium. The partial pressures of the gases are 2.0 atm, 3.0 atm and
4.0 atm, respectively. Using Daltons law of partial pressure, what is
the total pressure in the container?
3

Solution:

PROBLEM:
A ray of light in water (

crown glass (

## ) at the angle of 45. What is the angle of

refraction for the ray of the glass? What is the index of the glass in
reference to water?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
How much heat must be supplied to a pan of 500 g to increase the
temperature from 20C to 100C if the pan is made up of aluminum?
Specific heat capacity of aluminum is 0.22 cal/g-C.
Solution:

PROBLEM:
Mr. Reyes would like to earn 7% of his income after payment of his
taxes due. If the income of his investment will be taxed 42%, what is
the minimum rate of return, before payment, must his investment
has to attain his goal?
Solution:

Let: P = profit
C = investment capital

therefore,

PROBLEM:
4

A 1.0 kg ball falls from a height of 1.0 m. What is the velocity as the
ball hits the floor?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A flywheel rotating at 200 rev/min slows down at a constant rate of
2
. What is the time when the flywheel stops and how many
revolutions were made during the process?
Solution:

but,

(

) (

)
therefore,

(

)

PROBLEM:
A flywheel in a form of uniform disc with a diameter of 4 ft, weighs
600 lb. What is the angular acceleration when the disc is acted upon
a net torque of 225 lb-ft?
Solution:

For disc:

Since,

PROBLEM:
A solid cylinder of 30 cm diameter at the top of incline 2 m high is
released and rolls down without loss of energy due to friction. What
is the linear and angular speed at the bottom?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A heat engine operates with a supplied heat of 65 kcal and exhausts
40 kcal. How much work is done by the engine?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
5

The human ear can distinguish reflected sound pulse from the
original sound pulse if 0.10 sec or more elapses between the two
sounds. What is the minimum distance to a reflecting surface from
which we can hear an echo if the speed of sound is 343 m/s?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
Electron is held in the orbit by the force of electrical attraction at a
typical distance of 1x10
-10
m. What is the force of electrical
attraction between the proton and electron?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
What is speed of light in diamond? Index of refraction of diamond is
2.42.
Solution:

PROBLEM:
How much rate an elevator accelerates upward to cause a 80 kg man
to exert a pressure of 1200 N at the floor?
Solution:
(

)
but,
therefore, (

)

PROBLEM:
A car with a mass of 1500 kg moves along a uniform curve at a
constant speed of 72 kph. The coefficient of friction between the tire
and road is 0.65. What is the minimum radius for the car not to skid?
Solution:

but,

)
therefore,

PROBLEM:
6

Henrys constant of carbon dioxide in water at 25C is 0.031. What is
the solubility of carbon dioxide in a bottle of cola drink if the
pressure of CO
2
is 4 atm over the liquid at the same temperature?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A Van de Graaff generator accelerates electron such that it has a
potential difference of 150 megavolts. How much work is done on
the electron by the machine?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A charge A of +250 statcoulomb is placed in between 2 charges B of
+50 statcoulomb and C of -300 statcoulomb. A is 5 cm from B and 10
cm from C. What is the force on A?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A two charge of 50 C and 10C is 10 cm apart. What is the force
between the two charges in a vacuum?
Solution:

]

PROBLEM:
Two balls are projected simultaneously at the same velocity at the
top of the building, one vertically upward and the other vertically
downward. If they reach the ground 15 sec. and 20 sec. respectively,
find the time for the balls to reach the ground if they simply dropped
at the top of the building.
Solution:

PROBLEM:
An object is projected such that its horizontal distance is thrice the
maximum height. What is the angle of projection?
Solution:

but,
therefore,

)

PROBLEM:
What is the molality of the solution containing 75.5 g sucrose (molar
mass = 342 g/mol) in 400.0 g of water?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
Two apples were thrown by 2 boys at the same point, one with an
angle of 60 and the other of 30. What is the ratio of their velocities
if they have the same horizontal distance?
Solution:

but,

therefore,

PROBLEM:
The man on a ledge of the 5
th
floor throws a ball vertically upward on
the top of the building. On its way up, the time the ball to reach the
7
th
floor is 1 sec. and on its way down, the time of the ball to reach
back the 7
th
floor is 1.5 sec. What is the distance of the 5
th
and 7
th

floor of the building?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A lift engine raises a 500 mass at a distance of 10 m at 5 sec. how
much power is needed?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
What is the volume of 1.27 mole of helium gas at STP? Gas constant
= 0.0821 L-atm/mol-K.
Solution:

(

)

PROBLEM:
A hotel invested an additional of Php 1,800,000 for fitness gym for
an additional attraction to client. They expect an annual gross
revenue of Php 500,000 and will incur annual expense of Php 50,000
for the operation and maintenance of the gym. What is the payback
period?
Solution:
8

PROBLEM:
During a race, a sports car has 250 Hp at 4000 rpm. What is the
torque exerted?
Solution:

)
(

) (

)

torque= 328.26 lb-ft

PROBLEM:
40 g of methanol is mixed with 60 g of ethanol. One mole methanol
and ethanol has a mass of 32 g and 46 g respectively. Find the mole-
fraction of the solvent. (Solvent: Ethanol)
Solution:

PROBLEM:
The machine cost Php 45,000 with a book value of Php 4,350, if it
retires at the end of 6 years, what is the annual depreciation?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
What is the molarity of a solution with 400.0 mL solution containing
8.0 g NaOH (Molar mass = 40 g/mol)?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
What is the molarity of a solution with 3.0 mole of solute dissolved
in 2000 mL of solution?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
Determine the exact simple interest of Php 5,000 invested from
period of January 16, 1900 to October 12, 1900, if the annual rate is
18%.
Solution:
To determine if leap year,

## , not exact so not leap year

9

(

)
January 16 = 15 May = 31 September = 30
February = 28 June = 30 October 12 = 12
March = 31 July = 31 d = 270
April = 30 August = 31
(

)

PROBLEM:
A 20,000 railroad car coast 3 m/s collides and hit an identical car at
rest. What will be the combined velocity?
Solution:

V = 1.5 m/s
PROBLEM:
If a man invested 10,000 at 15% for 5 years, how much the money in
peso will be account at maturity with annual inflation rate of 6%?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A solid cylindrical shaft has a torque of 20 kN-m which is 5 m long.
What is the maximum torsional stress so that it will not twist more
than 2 degrees? G = 80 GPa.
Solution:
(

) (

therefore,

PROBLEM:
A helical spring with mean coil diameter of 150 mm is consists of 14
turns of 20 mm diameter. What is the maximum shear stress with a
force equal to 5 kN? Use G = 84 GPa.
Solution:

PROBLEM:
Two moles of ideal gas is to be compressed slowly from 4 to 1 ft
3
.
How much work is done?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
10

A helical spring has a mean coil diameter of 150mm and consists of
14 turns of 20mm diameter rod. What is the deflection stress with a
force in it equal to 5kN. Use G = 84GPa.
Solution:
= (64PR
3
n)/(Gd
4
)
= *(64)(5000N)(75mm)
3
(14)]/ [(84,000MPa)(20mm)
4
]
= 141mm
PROBLEM:
How much heat is needed to melt 5 kg of ice at 0
0
C?
Solution:

)
(

)
Q
PROBLEM:
What must be the length of a pendulum in feet with a period equal
to 2s.
Solution:
L = (gT
2
)/(4
2
)
L= [(9.81)(2
2
)] / *(4
2
)] = 0.99m (just convert to ft.)

PROBLEM:
What is the interest arte compound daily of 10% effective?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A plano-convex lens of focal length of 12 cm is to be made a glass of
refractive index of 1.50. What is the radius of curvature of the
surface?
Solution:

) (

)
6 cm
PROBLEM:
What is the power of diverging lens whose focal length is 20cm?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
What is the accumulated amount P10,000 after 10 years if invested
3% compounded continuously?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
At what height above the surface of the earth will your weight be
half of your weight in the surface of the earth?
Solution:

h=5600 mi
11

PROBLEM:
A gas sample has a volume of 50 ml at 25
0
C at 1 atm pressure. If the
pressure remains constant, what will be the volume at 0
0
C?
Solution:

V
2
= 45.8 ml
PROBLEM:
A steam engine receives steam from a boiler at 180
0
C and exhausts
in air at 100
0
C. What is the efficiency?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
What is the energy of a photon of red light with a freq. 4.00x10
14
Hz?
Plancks constant h = 6.63x10
-34
Js.
Solution:
E = hf = (6.63x10
-34
Js)( 4.00x10
14
/s)
E = 2.62 x10
-19
J

PROBLEM:
The steel rail , cannot expand. What is the stress in the rail with a
change of temperature equal to 20C.? Coefficient of thermal
expansion is equal to (nklimutan ko yung value). Modulus of rigidity
of steel = 200GPa.
Solution:
E = 200GPa = 200,000MPa

= L T
= ( coef of thermal expansion)(L)( 20C)
= value in terms of L

= / L
where: is from the 1
st
soln. (value in terms of L)
therefore: L will be cancelled out.

= E
= _____ (200, 000 MPa)
= _____ MPa
PROBLEM:
The F. pendulum swings to a height of 3 in above the ground which is
its max. pt. and it touches the ground at its min. What is its max.
velocity?
Solution:
KEgain =PElost
mv2 = mgh
v = 2gh
v = 2(32ft/s)*(3in)(1ft/12in)+
v = 2m/s

PROBLEM:
How much is supplied to 100 g of boiling water to change it to water
vapor at 100
0
C?
Solution:

)
(

)
12

Q
PROBLEM:
A solid cylindrical shaft has a torque of 20kN-m which is 5m long.
What is the max. diameter required so that it will not twist more
than 2 degrees?
Solution:
= 2 ( /180) = / 90

= (TL) / (GJ)
/ 90 = (20kN-m)(5m) / (80x10
6
kN/m) J
J=27.93x10
3

J = (/32) (d
4
)
27.93x10
3
= (/32) (d
4
)
d = 23.1m (pero pagka2tanda kong answer is 0.246m)
PROBLEM:
Human eye is most sensitive to light with wavelength 5.60x10
-7
m,
which is the yellow green color. What is its frequency?
Solution:
= c/f
f = c/
f = (3x10
8
m/s) / (5.60x10
-7
m)
f = 5.36 x10
14
Hz

PROBLEM:
What is the wavelength of violet line (n=6) in the hydrogen line
spectra accdg. to Balmers eqn.? Constant R = 1.097x10
7

Solution:
1/ = R *(1/2
2
)-(1/n
2
)]
1/ =(1.097x10
7
)[(1/2
2
)-(1/6
2
)]
= 410.21 x10
-9
m
PROBLEM:
What is the Broglier wavelength of the baseball, 0.150kg and with
velocity equal to 50m/s? Plancks constant h = 6.63x10
-34
Js.
Solution:
= h /mv
= 6.63x10
-34
Js / (0.150kg)(50m/s)
= 8.84 x10
-35
m
PROBLEM:
A 60lb. box is being pulled through an incline plane 5oft long and
30ft high by a man exerting a force of 45lb along the plane.
Solution:
a. What is the efficiency?
EFF=(60lb)(30ft)/(45lb)(50ft) x 100%
EFF= 0.80 x 100% = 80%
b. What must be the force of the man if plane is frictionless?
F = (45lb)(0.8)
F = 36lb
PROBLEM:
Mr. Dela Cruz borrow P2,000 from Mr. San Juan and promise to pay
in one year. Mr Dela Cruz received P1920 after Mr. San Juan collects
advance interest P80. What is the rate of discount?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A car and a truck travelling at the same direction at a constant
velocity of 25m/s and 40m/s, respectively. Determine the distance
between the car and truck after 8sec at the instant that they are
400m apart.
Solution:
Since they were travelling at constant velocity, acceleration=0.
13

Distance at 400m apart:

m S
S
TRUCK
CAR
400
0
=
=

After 8 seconds:

( )
( ) 720 8 40 400
200 8 25 0
= + =
= + =
TRUCK
CAR
S
S

Distance between the truck and car after 8 seconds:

m D
D
520
200 720
=
=

PROBLEM:
A gas sample has a volume 10mL, 60C and 567 mmHg. What is the
volume of this gas at STP?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
The bases of trapezoid are 3m and 5m respectively. It has an altitude
of 4m. Where is the center of gravity measured from the 5m base?
Solution:

( )
( ) ( )
m y
y
h
b a
b a
y
83 . 1
3
4
5 3
5 3 2
3
2
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
=

PROBLEM:
A man has a concave shaving mirror whose focal length is 20in. how
far is his face from the mirror in order to have a two-fold
magnification.
Solution:
M = q/p = 2
q = -2p
(1/p) + (1/q) = 1/f
(1/p) + (1/(-2p)) = 1/20
p = 10inch

PROBLEM:
A light passes through a 6000 prism has an angle of deviation
5120. What is the angle of refraction of the glass?
14

837 . 0
10
7
1
2 2
=
=
=
e
e
h
h
e
Solution:
(

)

PROBLEM:
A basketball is drop at a height of 10m on a horizontal ground. The
ball rebounds 7m high. Find the coefficient of restitution.
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A lathe machine was purchased P100,000. Annual cost of P18,000.
Using interest of 8%, what is the depreciation rate?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A steel tape 100m long is 2mm too short. The effective dimension of
the steel tape is 40mm, 20mm thickness, and 20mm width. How
much tensile pull should be applied at the edge of the steel tape to
have 100m distance? The modulus of elasticity for steel is
200000MPa.
Solution:
( )( )( )
( )
kN N P
x
x
P
L
AE
P
AE
PL
2 . 3 3200
1000 100
200000 20 40 2
= =
=
=
=
o
o

PROBLEM:
What is the effective force constant of a spring of a 1500 lb car with
a period of vertical oscillation of 2sec?
Solution:
( )
( )( )
76 . 459
2 2 . 32
1500 4
4
2
2
2
2
=
=
=
k
k
gT
W
k
t
t

15

PROBLEM:
A 40m hemispherical cylinder is created to flange the tanks. How
many 25mm diameter bolt should be used to withstand a tensile
strength of 85MPa with an internal pressure of 200KPa?
Solution:

( )
( )
bolts n
n
n
D
F
n
nA
F
N F
N F
x
F
D
p F
MPa KPa p
61
2353 . 60
25
4
85
2513274
4
51 . 2
2513274
4
1000 0 . 4 2 . 0
4
2 . 0 200
2
2
2
2
=
=
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
=
=
=
=
=
= =
t
t
o
o
t
t

PROBLEM:
One of the steel supports of the San Francisco Bridge has a height of
150m. The upper 50m has a cross sectional area of 1 square meter,
the remaining has a cross sectional area of 1.25 square meter. It
supports an axial compressive load of 200MN. What is the unloaded
height of the steel support? Modulus of Elasticity of steel is 20GPa.
Solution:

( )( )
( )( )
( )( )
( )( )
m H
H
m
x
x
AE
PL
m
x
x
AE
PL
13 . 150
08 . 0 05 . 0 150
: H height Unstrained
08 . 0
10 200 25 . 1
100 10 200
: 100m Lower
05 . 0
10 200 1
50 10 200
: 50m Upper
9
6
9
6
=
+ + =
=
=
=
=
=
=
o
o
o
o
o
o

16

PROBLEM:
A drum diameter of 300mm has a sheared key of with a diameter of
50mm. The force is 20kN. Determine the shearing stress of the key.
Solution:

( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
kN P
P
T T P
M
kN T
e
T
kN
e
T
T
CENTER
26 . 73
150 20 150 79 . 7 25
150 150 25
0
79 . 7
20
2 1
1
3 . 0
1
1
2
=
= +
= +
=
=
=
=
t
t

( )
MPa
kN
A
P
24 . 149 Stress Shearing
4
25
26 . 73
Stress Shearing
Stress Shearing
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
=
t

PROBLEM:
What is the critical angle between carbon disulfide and air?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
A water tank has a small window which is a part of spherical tank 6
inches radius. The convex side of the window is on the outside of the
tank. A small light is place 30 inches from the window. What is the
image (a) outside (b) inside the tank?
Solution:
a)

Image is real and inside the water
b)
17

Image is real and outside the water
PROBLEM:
A car enters a curve of radius 300m at a velocity of 60kph. If the car
accelerate at 3m/s
2
, what is the total acceleration of the car (in
meter per square second) when it travels 300m?
Solution:

PROBLEM:
An equipment has a salvage value of P10,000.00 for 10yrs. . What is
the first cost of the equipment if it is depreciated 0.8%.
Solution:
Let d depreciation annually
(Depreciation rate) = d / C
o

d = (depreciation rate)C
o
equation 1
d = (C
o
C
n
) / n equation 2
solving for C
o
:
(0.08)C
o
= (C
o
10,000) / 10
C
o
= P5,000
PROBLEM:
A sticky object has a mass of 5kg, moving to the left at a speed of
12m/s. it strikes another object with a mass of 4kg moving to the
right at a speed of 10m/s. if the two object lump together after
collision, how much is the kinetic energy dissipated.
Solution:
KE1 = (1/2)m
1
v
1
2
+ (1/2)m
2
v
2
2

KE1 = (1/2)(5)(-12)
2
+ (1/2)(4)(10)
2

KE1 = 560
KE2 = (1/2)MV
2

(1/2)MV
2
= (1/2)m
1
v
1
2
+ (1/2)m
2
v
2
2
MV = m
1
v
1
+m
2
v
2
(5+4)V = (5)(-12) + (4)(10)
V = -2.22
KE2 = (1/2)MV
2

KE2 = (1/2)(5+9)(-2.22)
2
= 22.1778
KE
DISSIPATED
= KE1 KE2
= 560 22.1778
18

= 537.822
QUESTION:
Efren bata Reyes cue a ball and rolls to the billiard table and touch
the object ball no.9. if the cues ball stops rolling after collision, what
will be the velocity of the object ball after collision?
ANSWER: the same initial velocity of the cue ball before collision

PROBLEM:
An angle of reflection is 30 degrees, from glass to air. What is the
angle of incident if the index of refraction of glass is 1.50?
Solution:
n
1
sin
1
= n
2
sin
2

sin
1
= (n
2
sin
2
) / n
1
sin
1
= (1.5)sin30 / 1.00
= 48.59 degrees
PROBLEM:
Tiger Woods hit a golf ball at a velocity of 80m/s. the head of the
club was in contact to a 50g at 0.04ms. What is the average force
when the ball was hit?
Solution:
F = (mv)/t
F= (80m/s 0.05kg)/(0.0004sec)
F= 10,000N = 10kN
PROBLEM:
A spherical shell of a small electrostatic generator has a charge of
2.0microColoumb. What is the potential difference at the point
10cm from the center of the sphere?
Solution:
V = k(Q/S
2
)
V = 910
9
x

V = 200microVolt

PROBLEM:
An object is placed 20in of a certain lens. A virtual image was formed
at 10in. determine the focal length of the lens.
Solution:
(1/p) + (1/q) = 1/f
(1/20) + (1/(-10)) = 1/f
f= 20 inch
PROBLEM:
A candle is held 3.0 in of a concave mirror whose radius is 24in.
where is the image of the candle.
Solution:
(1/p) + (1/q) = 1/f
(1/20) + (1/q) = 1/24
q= -4inch ; the (-)negative sign indicate that the image is virtual
PROBLEM:
A glass is 1 inch thick. A paper with a dot is 0.640 inch thick. The
glass is put on top of the paper and looks it into the microscope.
What is the index of reflection?
Solution:
n
r
= 1.00 / 0.640
19

n
r
= 1.5625
PROBLEM:
A 120-V potential difference is maintained between each end of a
long high resistance wire. The center of the wire is grounded. What
is the potential of the center and each end of the wire?
Solution:
- Potential at the center = 0.
- Potential at one end = 60V.
- Potential at other end = -60V.