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Calendula officinalis English Name : Calendula, Pot Marigold Hindi Name : Zergul, Genda ful Sanskrit Name : Zendu

Calendula officinalis is a herb common in India. It is grown as ornamental garde n plant. It is also found in many parts of the world, like USA, Europe. This plant is a member of Asteraceae plant family. This is an eract herb or under shrub.The stem is glandular, hairy and angular. T he leaves are simple,entire and upper ones are lanceolate.The flowers are yellow to orange in colour. Usage: In Ayurveda the plant is used for treatment of general debility gastrointestinal and genitourinary infections. Also, useful in skin diseases Especie vegetal: Calndula (Calendula officinalis L.). Familia: Compositae (Asteraceae). Otros nombres: Flamenquilla, galndula, maravilla, flor de muerto. Partes usadas: Inflorescencias. Descripcin: Es una planta anual o bienal de 30-50 cm de altura. Presenta una raz p rincipal y numerosas races secundarias finas. El tallo es erecto, angular y ramif icado. Las hojas son alternas, con base espatulada, oblongas o lanceoladas y tom entosa. Las inflorescencias son captulos florales terminales y solitarios, de gra n tamao. Presenta flores tubulares de un color amarillo anaranjado y flores ligul adas de un amarillo vivo. Estas flores son estriles y carecen de estambres, mient ras que el ovario est muy reducido. Las inflorescencias tienen un olor fuerte y d esagradable. Reino: Plantae Divisin: Magnoliophyta Clase: Magnoliopsida Subclase: Asteridae Orden: Asterales Familia: Asteraceae Subfamilia: Asteroideae Tribu: Calenduleae Gnero: Calendula Especie: C. officinalis ______________________________ Botanical Name : vernonia anthelmintica English Name : Iron weed, Purlple fleebane Hindi Name : Kali jiri, Ban jira Sanskrit Name : Aranyajirak vernonia anthelmintica is found in India and Sri lanka. Other synonim Conyza ant helmintica and Centratherum anthelminticum, Syn. Serratula Anthelmintica, This herb is a member of Asteraceae plant family.

This is a small annual erect plant. The stem is leafy and hairy. The leaves are lanceolate, acute and serrate, pubescent on both the sides. The lowering season is December to February. The flowers are purpleor violet bract one at the top of the peducle. The seeds are black. Usage: The seeds are hot and have sharp taste, seeds are used as anthelmintic and purga tive in minute dose. Sometimes used externally for skin diseases. This is differ ent from Carum carvi. Carum carvi is also known as kala zira or shah zira Kingdom Plantae Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons Subclass Asteridae Order Asterales Family Asteraceae Aster family Genus Vernonia Schreb. ironweed P ________________________________________

Botanical Name : Alangium salviifolium English Name : Sage-leaf Alangium Hindi Name : Ankol, Vang Sanskrit Name : Ankol Alangium salviifolium is a tree found in India. It is also found in Western Afri ca, Madagascar, Southern Asia, Philippines and tropical Australia, and the Pacif ic Islands . This tree is a member of Alangeceae plant family.. This is Tall thorny tree . It grows to a height of about 3 to 10 meters.The bark is ash colored, rough and faintly fissured. The leaves are elliptic oblong, ell iptic lanceolate or oblong lanceolate. The flowers are greenish white, fascilcle d, axillary or on old wood. The berries are ovoid, ellipsoid or nearly globose.g labrous, smooth and violet to purple. The flowering season is February to June. Usage: In Ayurveda the roots and the fruits are used for treatment of rheumatism, and h emorrhoid.Externally it is used for the treatment of bites of rabbits, rats, and dogs Clasificacin cientfica Reino: Plantae Subreino: Tracheobionta Divisin: Magnoliophyta Clase: Magnoliopsida Subclase: Rosidae Orden: Cornales Familia: Cornaceae Gnero: Alangium Lam.

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Botanical Name : Aegle Marmelos English Name : Wood apple, Indian Quince Hindi Name : Bel, Bael Sanskrit Name : Bilva, Shivafal Bael, a Sacred tree of India, is mentioned in very old Literature. This tree is native to India, but is also found in Sri Lanka and Myanmar. Bael is a tree from Rutaceae plant family. This is a small thorny tree. The leav es are 3 foliate. The leaflets are lancelet. The flowers bloom in April to May. Color of the flower is greenish white. The fruits are globosely with woody rind yellowish in color. The pulp of the fruit is sweet and orange in color. Usage: The pulp of the fruit is used for making Jam and pickles. The pulp is very good for curing digestive disorders. It is also a good tonic for general vitality. Th e leaves are used for religious purpose in India. Tender fruits and pulp of ripe and matured fruits, are converted into Jam etc. The fruits besides being medici ne are good herbal supplement. Roots are also used as medicinal herb. Kingdom Plantae Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons Subclass Rosidae Order Sapindales Family Rutaceae Rue family Genus Aegle Corr. Serr. aegle Species Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. Serr. Indian bael -------------------------------------------------------------------Botanical Name : Enicostema littorale English Name : whitehead Hindi Name : Chhota Chirata, Mamejavo Enicostema littorale is an herb found in many parts of India. This herb is also found in South America and some parts of Africa. Enicostema littorale is an herb from the plant family Gentianaceae. Sometimes th is is spelled as Enicostemma littorale. This is an annual or perennial herb. The stems are often angular or rounded. The leaves are narrow. The white flowers ar e arranged in circles in leaf axils along the stem. The seeds are round. Usage: Mainly it is used along with other herbs for the treatment of Diabetes Type 2. T he whole plant is useful as Ayurvedic herbal medicine. Kingdom Plantae Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta Superdivision Spermatophyta Division Magnoliophyta Vascular plants Seed plants Flowering plants

Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons Subclass Asteridae Order Gentianales Family Gentianaceae Gentian family Genus Enicostema Blume whitehead Species Enicostema verticillatum (L.) Engl. ex Gilg

whitehead

---------------------------------------------------------------------Botanical Name : Datura Innoxia, Datura suaveolens English Name : Thorn apple. Toloache Hindi Name : Dhatura Sanskrit Name : Dhatur Datura Innoxia and other similar spices are found in India and other Tropical co untries including Central America. Datura is an herb of plant family Solanaceae. This is a small shrub. s are purplish, pubescent and spotted with white patches. The leaves te, broadly ovate-acute entire or toothed. The Flowers are axillary, eduncle and small white violet with musk like fragrance. The fruits nd thorny. Usage: In minute quantity, the seeds and leaves are narcotic and antispasmodic. Caution: All parts of the plant contain alkaloids which are toxic and may cause death if taken in large quantities. Roots, Stem, leaves, flowers and fruits are used in A yurveda as medicinal herb. Kingdom Plantae Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons Subclass Asteridae Order Solanales Family Solanaceae Potato family Genus Datura L. jimsonweed Species Datura inoxia Mill. pricklyburr _________________________ The branche are alterna solitary, p are round a

Botanical Name : Gymnema sylvestre English Name : Miracle fruit Hindi Name : Gurmar, Madhunashini, Chhhoti Dudhilatta Sanskrit Name : Meshashringi Gymnema sylvestre is a plant native to India. This plant is generally found in S

outhern India. Gymnema sylvestre is a member of Asclepiadaceae plant family. This is a woody cl imber. The leaves are ovate, elliptic, small in addition, acute. The flowers are yellow and in umbellate cymes, bracts small. Calyx of 5 segments and deeply div ided. The follicles are beaked and the seeds are comose. Usage: The sugar will not taste sweet if tasted after chewing the leaves of this herb. The herb is useful for stimulating the heart; it increases urine secretion and g ood for the treatment of Diabetes 2 type. The leaves are useful for the Ayurvedi c herbal medicine.

Kingdom Plantae Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons Subclass Asteridae Order Gentianales Family Asclepiadaceae Milkweed family Genus Gymnema R. Br. gymnema Species Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) Schult. miracle fruit ----------------------------------------------------------------------------Botanical Name : Rubia cordifolia English Name : Madder root, Bengal Madder Hindi Name : Majith Sanskrit Name : Manjistha Rubia cordifolia is a plant native to India. Generally this plant is found on th e Himalayan side of India. Rubia cordifolia is a member of Rubiaceae plant family. This is a climbing peren nial herb. The roots are long and the bark is red. The leaves are in two pairs. One pair is larger than the other. The flowers bloom in October to January in te rminal panicle cymes. Usage: The roots are natural red dye. The roots are very effective in Purifying blood. The roots are tonic and astringent. The roots and fruits are useful as Ayurvedic herbal medicine. Reino: Plantae Subreino: Tracheobionta Divisin: Magnoliophyta Clase: Magnoliopsida Subclase: Asteridae Orden: Gentianales Familia: Rubiaceae Subfamilia: Rubioideae Tribu: Rubieae Gnero: Rubia Especie: R. cordifolia

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Botanical Name : Annona squamosa English Name : Custard Apple, Sugar Apple Hindi Name : Sitafal, Sharifa Sanskrit Name : Sitafal Custard apple is a plant common in India It is also found in Central America, Pe ru, Brazil, Mexico and West Indies.In south east Asia this tree is very common. This tree is a member of Annonaceae plant family. This is a deciduous tree. It grows to a height of 3 to5 meters, with light-black , rough, longitudinally fissured bark.The leaves are elliptic-oblong oroblong la nceolate, rarely obovate and petiolate. The flowers are solitary or 2-3 fascicle d, axillary or leaf opposed. The fruits are 5-10 cms. across, globose or cordate -ovoid with projecting areoles.The flowering season is April to August. Usage: In Ayurveda the fruits are used for treatment of anemia, and vomiting. The seeds are used EXTERNALLY for the treatment of Lice infestation on the human body (al so known as pediculosis). Chemical compounds obtained: Amorphous alkaloids, a & b - pinine, resin, squaosin are obtained from this plan t. Kingdom Plantae Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons Subclass Magnoliidae Order Magnoliales Family Annonaceae Custard-apple family Genus Annona L. annona Species Annona squamosa L. sugar apple ================================================================================ =========================

Botanical Name : Bryonopsis laciniosa English Name : Lollipop plant

Hindi Name : Shivlingi Sanskrit Name : Bryonopsis laciniosa is a herb common in India It is found in many parts of the world, like USA. This is counted as an invasive plant. This plant is a member of Cucurbitaceae plant family. This is a herbaceous, slender, extensive, monoecious climber.The leaves are palm ately 3-7 lobed, membranous, and glabrous. The flowers are creamy white, in axil lary fascicles. The berries are nearly sphericle and smooth. The seeds are obova te, creamy-white or pale yellow, minutely scorbiculate. The flowering season is August to December. Usage: In Ayurveda the leaves and the seeds are used for treatment of fevers with flatu lance and as tonic, the plant is also useful in inflamation. Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Acanthaceae Genus: Pachystachys Species: P. lutea -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Botanical Name : Plumbago zeylanica English Name : Wild leadwort Hindi Name : Chitrak Sanskrit Name : Chitrak Plumbago zeylanica is a herb native to India and South East Asia and Also, in Ha waii, Virgin Island. Plumbago zeylanica is a member of Plumbaginaceae plant family. This evergreen sm all shrub grows to a height of about 3 to 4 feet. The ovate leaves are thick and flashy. The flowers are either red alternatively, white in thick racemes. Usage: The roots in minute dosages are stimulant for liver. Caution: Chitrak in large dosage may be toxic; it may lead to abortion in pregna nt women. The roots are used as medicinal herb. Kingdom Plantae Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons Subclass Caryophyllidae Order Plumbaginales Family Plumbaginaceae Leadwort family Genus Plumbago L. leadwort Species Plumbago zeylanica L. wild leadwort