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Service Marketing John Deere Construction and Forestry

Reference Guidelines For Wear Metals, Contaminants, Lubricants, Coolant and Fuel
Version 12 January 2010 Changes on this and Previous Versions
Recent adopted figures shown in bold On this Edition New Cool Gard II guidelines New table for hydraulic fluids (Forestry factory fill) Disclaimer on guidelines added on first page

Changes on previous edition


New signature tables with new products added New table for 350D/400D ADT transmission Improved wording on Metal and Contaminants section

Wear Metals and Contaminant Guidelines The following tables contain general information and are system focused rather than machine family specific with few exceptions indicated by footnotes. Use these tables only as a guideline. ALS Staveley lab has complete and detailed guidelines by component and model that sometimes may trigger alarms at different levels than indicated on tables within this document. Also keep in mind that application, environment, filtration and type of lubricants, and attachments, could produce different readings that may not be indicative of malfunction or contamination. Time Dependant Elements: Certain elements tend to increase with time with regard to others and independently from filtration. These tables identify those elements and suggest the hours for these readings. Units of Measure PPM (Part Per Million) is used to indicate relative concentration of wear metals, water, contaminants and additives measured in weight in relation to the fluid sample volume weight. Percentage (%) of concentration represents the relative water and fuel contamination. Particle Counts indicate different groupings of particle concentrations. They are typically measured in 4 micron and higher, 6 micron and higher, 14 micron and higher, 23 micron and higher and 50 microns and higher concentrations per milliliter. These numbers correlate with an ISO chart to obtain a three number cleanliness code. See explanation in page 4. ISO Cleanliness Codes is the standard method to classify fluid cleanliness measurements more easily. Until 1999 the ISO 1944 particle size classification was used to measure 5 and 15-micron particle concentration expressed in a two number code. After 1999, a revision to this standard came into effect, which measures 4/6/14 micron particle concentrations. The older two numbers for 5/15-micron measurement closely correlate to 6/ 14-micron current measurements. Absorbance, abs/cm is a unit to report oxidation, nitration and sulfation. This unit is a direct reading from the FTIR instrument (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy) and expresses the wavelengths of certain chemical compounds of interest representative of the required tests.

Sealed Hydraulics 1000 H


Readings Except Hydrostatics

2 Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-5 0 -10 5-15 0-8 0-8 0-10 0-3 0-4 0-3 0-2 0-1 <500 (<0.05%) <750 (<0.075%) 6-10 11-15 16-25 9-15 9-15 11-20 4-8 5-10 4-8 2-4 2-3 500-750 (0.050.075%)

Abnormal
11-20 16-25 26-35 16-25 16-25 21-30 9-15 11-15 9-15 5-8 4-5 751-1000 (0.0750.10%)

Critical
>20 >25 >36 >25 >25 >30 >15 >15 >15 >8 >5 >1000 (>0.10%)

Silicon Excavators* HN46 Silicon Crawlers* 10W-30 Iron (Excavators)+ Iron (Crawlers)+ Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Nickel (Report only) Tin (Report only) Water, Hyd. Fluids Hitachi 46HN, AW32/46/68 Water, Calcium Based Fluids i.e. Engine oil, Hy-Gard

751-1000 (0.0751001-1500 (0.10>1501 (>0.1.5%) 0.1% 0.15%) *Time dependant elements. + Iron readings will be higher on hydraulic systems where multiple hydraulic cylinders are used.

Sealed Hydraulics 1000 H


Readings Hydrostatics

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-15 0-15 0-20 0-10 0-3 0-4 0-3 0-2 0-1 <750 (<0.075%) 16-30 16-30 21-40 11-20 4-8 5-10 4-8 2-4 2-3
751-1000 (0.0750.1%

Abnormal
31-40 31-70 41-70 21-30 9-15 11-15 9-15 5-8 4-5
1001-1500 (0.100.15%)

Critical
>40 >70 >70 >30 >15 >15 >15 >8 >5 >1501 (>0.1.5%)

Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Nickel (Report only) Tin (Report only) Water - Calcium Based Fluids Engine oil, Hy-Gard
*Time dependant elements.

Non-Sealed Hydraulics
Axial Pumps *1000 H Readings Skidders, Backhoe, Motor Graders, Loaders, Skid Steers

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-10 10-30 0-15 0-10 0-4 0-5 0-4 0-2 0-1 <500 (<0.05%) <750 (<0.075%) 11-15 31-50 16-20 11-20 5-10 6-12 5-10 3-5 1-2 500-750 (0.050.075%)
751-1000 (0.0750.1%

Abnormal
16-25 51-70 21-30 21-30 11-20 13-20 11-20 6-8 3-4 751-1000 (0.0750.010%)
1001-1500 (0.100.15%)

Critical
>25 >70 >30 >30 >20 >20 >20 >8 >4 >1000 (>0.10%) >1501 (>0.1.5%)

Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Nickel (Report only) Tin (Report only) Water, Hyd. Fluids Hitachi HN46, AW32/46/68 Water - Calcium Based Fluids i.e. Engine Oil
*Time dependant elements.

3 Engines*500 H Readings
Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Nickel (Report only) Tin (Report only) Potassium Fuel Water Nitration (see page 4) Sulfation (see page 4) Soot
*Time dependant elements.

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-5 0-40 0-15 0-5 0-15 0-15 0-5 0-2 0-1 0-10 <1% <0.1% <15 abs/cm <20 abs/cm <1.5% 6-20 41-70 16-25 6-30 16-30 16-25 6-10 3-4 2-3 11-30 1-1.5% 0.1-0.2% 15 to 20 abs/cm 21 to 25 abs/cm 1.5-2.9%

Abnormal
21-30 71-100 26-40 31-50 31-45 26-40 11-15 5-8 4-5 31-50 1.6-2% 0.21-0.99% 21 to 25 abs/cm 26 to 30 abs/cm 3-4.9%

Critical
>30 >100 >40 >50 >46 >40 >15 >8 >5 >50 >2% >1.00% >25 >30 >5%

Power Shift Transmissions *1000 H Readings


Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Tin (Report only) Water (Assumes Hy-Gard)
*Time dependant elements.

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-20 0-60 0-70 0-30 0-4 0-8 0-2 0-2 <750 (<0.075%) 21-30 61-100 70-120 31-50 5-10 9-15 3-6 3-6
751-1000 (0.0750.1%

Abnormal
31-60 101-180 121-200 51-80 11-15 16-20 7-10 7-10
1001-1500 (0.100.15%)

Critical
>60 >180 >200 >80 >15 >20 >10 >10 >1500 (>0.1.5%)

Transfer Case

*500H Readings
Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Tin (Report only) Water (Assumes Transynd)
*Time dependant elements.

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-3 0-35 0-27 0-30 0-10 0-35 0-1 0-1 <500 (<0.05%) 3-5 36-75 28-55 31-50 11-20 36- 75 1-3 1-3
500-750 (0.050.075%)

Abnormal
6-15 76-100 56-75 51-80 21-30 76-100 4-5 4-5
750-1000 (0.0750.10%)

Critical
>15 >100 >75 >80 >30 >100 >5 >5
>1000 (>0.10%)

4 Filtered Axles and Differential


Axles, *500 H Readings Single Brake Disk
Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Water (Hy-Gard) GL-4
*Axles,

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-20 0-250 0-6 0-30 0-10 0-26 0-4
<750 (<0.0750%)

Abnormal
31-60 501-799 13-17 51-80 21-30 53-75 11-15
1001-1500 (0.100.15%)

Critical
>60 >899 >17 >80 >30 >80 >15
>1500 (>0.15%)

21-30 251-500 7-12 31-50 11-20 27-52 5-10


751-1000 (0.0750.10%)

*500 H Readings Multi-Disc Service Brake


Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Water (Hy-Gard) GL-4
*Time dependant elements.

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-20 0-600 0-50 0-30 0-10 0-30 0-4
<750 (<0.0750%)

Abnormal
31-60 1001-1300 51-80 51-80 21-30 51-80 11-15
1001-1500 (0.100.15%)

Critical
>60 >1301 >80 >80 >30 >80 >15
>1500 (>0.15%)

21-30 601-1000 51-100 31-50 11-20 31-50 5-10


751-1000 (0.0750.10%)

Non-Filtered Axles and Differentials


Axles, 500 H Readings Single-Disk Service Brake
Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Water (Hy-Gard) GL-4

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-20 0-300 0-7 0-30 0-10 0-24 0-4
<750 (<0.0750%)

Abnormal
31-60 601-984 21-30 51-80 21-30 49-70 11-15
1001-1500 (0.100.15%)

Critical
>60 >984 >30 >80 >30 >70 >15
>1500 (>0.15%)

21-30 301-600 8- 20 31-50 11-20 25-48 5-10


751-1000 (0.0750.10%)

Axles, *500H Readings Multi-Disk Service Brakes


Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Water (Gear Oils) GL-5 Water (Hy-Gard) GL-4
*Time dependant elements.

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-20 0-750 0-60 0-30 0-10 0-30 0-4
<500 (0.05%) <750 (<0.0750%)

Abnormal
31-60 1501-3000 101-150 51-80 21-30 51-80 11-15
751-1000 (0.0750.10%) 1001-1500 (0.100.15%)

Critical
>60 >3000 >150 >80 >30 >80 >15
>1000 (>0.10%) >1500 (>0.15%)

21-30 751-1500 61-100 31-50 11-20 31-50 5-10


501-750 (0.050.075%) 751-1000 (0.0750.10%)

Differentials *1000 Hour Readings ADT 250D-400D


Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Water for gear oil 90W J11F TAN for 80W-90W J11F
*Time dependant elements.

5 Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-20 0-240 0-60 0-30 0-10 0-3 0-4
<500 (<0.05%)

Abnormal
41-60 471-700 101-150 51-80 21-40 8-11 7-10
751-1000 (0.0750.10%

Critical
>60 >700 >150 >80 >40 >11 >15
>1000 (>0.10%)

21-40 241-470 61-100 31-50 11-20 4-7 5-6


501-750 (0.050.075%)

3.5

4.9

5-6

>6

Final Drives, Tandems, Pump Drive Gearboxes, Swing/Circle Gearboxes


Final Drives *1000H
Readings

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-15 0-185 0-25 0-30 0-10 0-25 0-2
<500 (<0.05%)

Abnormal
33-50 371-515 51-74 51-80 21-30 51-78 5-6
751-1000 (0.0750.10%

Critical
>50 >515 >74 >80 >30 >78 >6
>1000 (>0.10%)

Silicon* Iron* Copper Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Water 80W90 J11F TAN for 80W- 90 J11F
*Time dependant elements.

16-32 186-370 26-50 31-50 11-20 26-50 3-4


501-750 (0.050.075%)

3.5

4.9

5-6

>6

Final Drives, Splitter (Pump


Drive Gearbox),

Swing Gearbox

*500H Readings Silicon* Iron* Copper Copper (1) Sodium Aluminum* Lead Chromium Water (Gear Oils) GL-5 Water (Hy-Gard) GL-4 & Engine oil
*Time dependant elements.

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-20 0-100 0-30 0-60 0-30 0-10 0-25 0-4
<500 (<0.05%) <750 (<0.0750%)

Abnormal
31-60 151-300 51-80 101-150 51-80 21-30 51-80 11-15
751-1000 (0.0750.10% 1001-1500 (0.100.15%)

Critical
>60 >300 >80 >150 >80 >30 >80 >15
>1000 (>0.10%) >1500 (>0.15%)

21-30 101-150 31-50 61-100 31-50 11-20 26-50 5-10


501-750 (0.050.075%) 751-1000 (0.0750.10%)

6
Tandems *500 H Readings
Motor Graders, Skid Steer Loaders Silicon * Iron * Copper Copper - SSL Sodium Aluminum * Lead Lead SS Loaders Chromium Water (Hy-Gard) GL-4
*Time dependant elements.

Normal Lower Limits Upper Limits


0-20 0-125 0-10 0 0-10 0-10 0-5 0 0-4
<750 (<0.0750%)

Abnormal
31-60 300-600 25-50 NA 21-40 21-30 11-20 NA 11-15
1001-1500 (0.100.15%)

Critical
>60 >600 >50 NA >40 >30 >21 NA >15
>1500 (>0.15%)

21-30 126-250 11-25 NA 11-20 11-20 6-10 NA 5-10


751-1000 (0.0750.10%)

Physical Properties
Viscosity is the internal resistance of a lubricant or fluid to flow. The most common viscosity measurement is Kinematic viscosity and it is expressed in an ISO unit called centistokes (cSt). Hydraulic fluid viscosity is measured at 40 degrees C while engine oils are measured at 100 degrees C. Viscosity variation of more than 10% or 15% up or down need attention, see table in page 6 for guidelines. Oxidation of an oil or fluid represents the remaining life of the antioxidant additive. When a fluid is totally oxidized there is no additive left to protect the system. The additive depletes over time and its depletion is accelerated by high temperatures, water and contaminants. TBN or total base number is the alkaline reserve of that oil to neutralize acid formation. TAN or total acid number is an opposing corresponding number to TBN and represents the total acidic level of the oil.

Physical Properties
Oxidation

Normal
<20 abs/cm >5 <25 <5 <1 <1.5 <3.0 3.5 -5.9

Abnormal
20-25abs/cm 2.6 - 4.9 >25 - 40 5-6 1.1-2 1.6 2.0 3.1-4.4 67

Critical
>25 abs/cm <2.5 >40 >7 >2 >2.1 >4.5 >7

TBN Engines Sulfation Engines TAN Hy-Gard/Engine oil TAN HN46/AW TAN Transynd TAN Gear oils TAN Gear Oil JDM J11F
(844J/ADTs)

7
APPROXIMATE VISCOSITY CHANGES WITH HOURS cSt @ 40 Degrees C - HYDRAULIC FLUIDS, UNMIXED 300 500 1000 2000 3000 4000 0 Hours Hitachi HN46 Japan (160, 450-850) 46-48 46 45 44 43 41.7 40 Hitachi HN46 USA (200-350) 44-46 43-46 43-45 42-44 41-43 40-42 40-41 NA NA Engine Oil 10W-30 Hydrost. 67.4 60 52.8 50.8 50 Engine Oil 10W-30 Digging 67.4 50.5 46 43.9 42.6 40 39 Torq Gard 0W-40 85.7 44 43.5 42.5 42 NA NA Hy-Gard Hydraulics 57 52 48 40 39.9 NA NA Hy-Gard Loader Transmissions 57 50 45 39 37 NA NA Shell Tellus S 46 44.1 41.8 40.57 39.7 38.8 NA NA Other AW46 46 43 41 38 37 NA NA
APPROXIMATE ENGINE OIL VISCOSTY CHANGE (IN ENGINE USE) cSt @ 100 Degrees C Oils
10W-30 15W-40 0W -40

NEW
10.71 - 11 15.1 - 15.7 15.2 - 15.8

125H
8.5 - 9.5 12.5 - 13.5 12.2 - 13.2

250H
9.50 -10.5 13.5 - 14.5 13.0 - 14.2

350H
10.5 - 11.5 14.5 - 15.5 13.5 - 14.5

500 H
12.5 15.5 -16.0 14.2 - 15.2

With Fuel >2% but <4%


@ ~250 H

HIGH Soot >2% but < 4%


@ ~500 H

With Glycol 600-700 ppm K and Na

6.0 - 7.0 8.0 - 9.1 8.0 - 9.2

12.0 -14.0 16.1 -17.5 16.1 -17.6

15.0 -16 18.0 - 24 18.0 - 25

Particle Counts Interpretation ISO Cleanliness Table


Amount of dirt particles in a 1 ml sample larger than these specified sizes: 4m / 6m / 14m EXAMPLE

30,000 of 4 and larger 500 of 6 and larger 60 of 14 and larger Gives an ISO Code 22/16/13

For every change in fluid cleanliness code, particle double in quantity.

Particle Counts Cleanliness Code Guidelines for Different Systems System/Product


Sealed Hydraulics Excavators, Assumes use of HN46 Fluid Sealed Hydraulics Excavators, Assumes Mixed HN46 fluid. Sealed Hydrostatics. Assumes use of
engine oil.

Normal Range
18-20/15/12 to 21~22/19/16** X/21/16** Report Only 19~22/15/12 to 19~23/17/14 X/21/16** *Report Only 20~21/16/13 to 21~22/18/15 X/21/16** *Report Only 18~19/15/12 to 19~20/16/13 16~17/13/10 to 18~19/15/12 17~18/15/12 to 18~19/17/14 17~18/15/12 to 21~22/20/17 22~23/19/16 to 23~24/20/17

Abnormal
>21~22/19/16 >X/21/16 Report Only 20~23/18/15 to 20~24/19/16 >X/21/16 *Report Only 22~23/19/16 to 23~24/20/17 >X/21/16 *Report Only Not established 19~20/16/13 to 21~22/17/14 19~20/18/15 to 20~21/19/16 22~23/20/17 to 23~24/21/18 24~25/21/18 to 25~26/22/19

Critical
X/20/17 Not established X/20/17 Not established

Sealed Hydrostatics. Assumes use of engine oil. Mixed oils Unsealed Hydraulics BHL, Skidders, MG, 4WDL, US tracked or wheel feller bunchers. Engine oil/Hy-Gard Unsealed Hydraulics BHL, Skidders, MG, 4WDL, US tracked and wheel feller
bunchers. Mixed Engine oil/Hy-Gard

X/21/18

Not established Not established X/18/15 X/20/17 X/22/19 X/23/20

*New Harvesters/Forwarders Series E & Series D with by-pass filtration up to 100 hours With AW46. *Harvesters/Forwarders Series E & Series D with by-pass filtration over 100 hours With AW46. *Harvesters/Forwarders Series D W/O by-pass filtration - With AW46. Power Shift Transmissions Axles and final drives (Non-Filtered)

** If silicon, aluminum, copper, iron, water and TAN are within normal values. Please note that the values in pink boxes are only for reference. Criticality has not been established.
Note: Obtaining accurate ISO particle count readings in the 4 micron size is more challenging. In such cases where the normal distribution of the codes does not match the table, the 6 and 14 size codes will indicate cleanliness levels. If samples valves are not available on the equipment the use of the baggy method for sample collection is highly recommended.

9 Life Extension Tables For Closed Hydraulic Systems Current Cleanliness


24/22/19 23/21/18 22/20/17 21/19/16 20/18/15 19/17/14
Life Extension Factor

Target
21/19/16 20/18/15 19/17/14 18/16/13 17/15/12 16/14/11 2X

Target
20/18/15 19/17/14 18/16/13 17/15/12 16/14/11 15/13/10 3X

Target
19/17/14 18/16/13 17/15/12 16/14/11 15/13/10 14/12/9 4X

Target
18/16/13 17/15/12 16/14/11 15/13/10 14/12/9 14/12/8 5X

Note: By choosing to run a system from current cleanliness (left column) to a cleaner level, life extensions are possible as indicated in the bottom row. Keep in mind that water content and temperatures also play a role in achieving those goals.

Hydraulic Fluid and Oil Compatibility Chart

*Some zinc free fluids use TCP (Tri-Cresyl Phosphate) as anti wear additive and are not compatible with ZDDP (Zinc DialkylDithiophosphate) zinc-calcium based fluids.

10
Typical Fluids and Oils Signatures
Additives (ppm) Physical Properties

Visc @ 100 C

Molybdenum

Phosphorus

Calcium

Sodium

Barium

Hydraulic Fluids

Facotry fill USA 200-350 - HN46 (Zinc Free) Facotry fill Japan - Compact plus 160/450-850 - Kenki HP46 (Zinc Free) Facotry fill Minis Japan - Daphne HN46 (Zinc Free) DaphneSuperHydroA32(USA)ZincFree Talamar Extreme 68 HTA Talamar Extreme 32 Wint e r f a c t o ry f ill

3 1 1

0 17 6

0 5 23

0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 <1 0

560 245 336 653 317 338 106 396 319 456 91 268 567 457 515 224

<1 4 17 7 413 489 0 369 0 5 27 474 800 489 12 453

<1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 6 <1 0

1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 11 1 0

48.4
44-47.9

7.49

0.03 0.03

0.05 -42.5 -42.5 -42.5 -40 -35 -50 -30 -39

46.1 32 0.09 65.55 10.59 32.7 6.65 0.59 2.35 44.1 50.5 0.62 50.4 8.69 0.09 0.13 31.3 6.1 0.14 0.14 43.7 8 45.8 0.36 30 0.44 45.7 1.16 49.4 1.67 47 45.7 0.65 -

Shell Tellus-S 46 (Zinc Free) Shell Tellus-T 46


VALPAREXCAVATORHYDRAULICZincFree VALPARARTICEXCAVATORZincFree

Chevron Rykon 46 76 Lubricants Ecoterra HVI 46 Zinc Esso Univis 32 - Forestry Canada John Deere Hydrau-Gard 46 Europe Liebherr HVI 46 - J Series Neste 46 SE Bio Forestry Europe Neste 46 - Europe

2 11 0 68 1 0 34 0 0 0 0 0 67 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 4 WAITING FOR SIGNATURE 0 2 1 18 1 1 29 0 1 0 9 3 4 3 712 <1 3 1 4 0 1 28

-45

Note: These average readings may vary with different brands/ batches of fluids. New data in appear in bold. * Are estimates
Additiv e s (ppm ) Phy s ica l Prope rtie s

Visc @ 100 C

Molybdenum

Calcium

Sodium

Engine Oils

JD To rq -Ga rd 5 W 3 0 CG-4 JD 1 0 W 3 0 Pl u s 4 Jo h n D e e re 1 0 W -3 0 B re a k-In Jo h n D e e re To rq Ga rd 5 W -3 0 JD 1 0 W 3 0 Tq Ga rd 2 0 0 6 ..on VALPAR 1 0 W -3 0 JD 1 5 W 4 0 Pl u s 5 0 Ov e r Th e JD 1 5 W 4 0 Pl u s 5 0 B u l k 2 0 0 8 ..o n JD 0 W 4 0 Sy n th e ti c VALPAR 0 W -4 0

JD15W40TorqGardSprm.CJ4USA JD15W40TorqGardSprm.CJ4Canada VALPAR10W30CJ4 VALPAR15W40CJ4 VALPARMS15W40


Sh e l l R i m u l a Pri m i u m 1 5 W 4 0 Te x a co U rs a 1 5 W 4 0 L e a h y -W o l f 1 5 W 4 0 CJ-4 Ca s tro l Te cti o n H D 1 5 W -4 0 Delv ac 15W 40 Ch e v ro n D EL O 4 0 0 L E CJ-4

<10 2060 522 1700 14 3492 0 4 267 2514 3 8 16 1770 0 284 3330 6 6 16 3073 0 0 3950 6 6 14 1710 0 ? 1480 0 ? 2360 5 5 961 415 1 9 925 391 2 8 35 1462 WAITING FOR SIGNATURE WAITING FOR SIGNATURE 0 7 10 2023 156 3160 0 390 1560

<1 8

<1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1085 1050 1228 1246 1328 1420 1234 1420 1385 1110 1110 1110 1442 1350

1140 1260 1503 1213 1199 1590 1300 1560 1275 1280 1220 1409 1218 1142

80 0 65 0 2 86 107 110 0 90 90 59 47 2

165 120 0 1 115 126 160 0 51 51 3 1 1

60.7 71.5 75 67 67.4 79.3 116.7 85.7 66.7 117 110 78.9 105.5 103.4

10.8 10.71 11.1 10.4 11.78 15.1 15.57 15.2 11.21 15.7 15 11.79 15.68 14.81

1.2 1.48 1.76 2.2

1.99 2.8 2.8 2.18 1.99 1.7

10 6.7 7.5 6.6 9.5 9.31 10.4 10.8 13.6 8.3 8.9 8.6 8.77 8.03 9.48

-58

-34 -36 -51 -36 -30 -36

0 0 0

1071 1436 1170

1276 1626 1290

2 6 90

4 46 540

115 111.7

15 14

6.95 12 9.6

-29

129.3 15.7

Note: These average readings may vary with different brands/ batches of fluids. New data in appear in bold. * Are estimates

Pour Point F

Phosphorus

Visc @ 40 C

Magnesium

Barium

Silicon

Boron

TAN

TBN

Zinc

Pour Point F

Visc @ 40 C

Magnesium

Silicon

Boron

TAN

TBN

Zinc

11

Additiv e s (ppm )

Phy s ica l Prope rtie s

Visc @ 100 C

Molybdenum

Calcium

Sodium

Barium

Tractor Fluids and ATF's

Jo h n D e e re H y -GAR D Jo h n D e e re L o w Vi s c H y -GAR D Jo h n D e e re B i o H y -Ga rd Va l p a r Al l Se a s o n Tra n M o b i l Fl u i d 4 2 4 Sh e l D o n a x TD Tra cto r Fl u i d Pe tro Ca n a d a D u ra n tra n TH F Sy n . Ch e v ro n 1 0 0 0 TH F Tra cto r Fl u i d Es s o To rq u e Fl u i d 5 6 / H y d ro u l 5 0 Ch e v ro n /Te x a co TH F 1 0 0 0 Z F Eco fl u i d Pl u s A (2 5 0 D - 3 0 0 D ) Tra n s y n d (3 5 0 D - 4 0 0 D ) VALPARAllSeasonTractorFluid VALPARTractorFluid Va pa r TO4 - 3 0 CAT TO4 1 0 W

1 145 3570 0 145 3570 <1 <1 656 1 6 11 1455 10 22 2975 4 19 17 3493 9 13 3192 0 0 2 23 2900 WAITING FOR SIGNATURE 0 1 60 3500* 0 0 24 0 4 0 21 2 13 15 2240 2 10 14 2146 5 7 14 2011 1 544 334

<1 <1 <1 0 0

0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1290 1290 899 1378 1135 1320 1173 1169 1193 196 331 1347 1511 948 1072

1640 1640 486 1202 1380 1666 1287 1339 1321 7 0 1609 1418 1085 1225

<1 <1 <1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

6 2 97 1 89 118 76 5 2 120 153 100 81 0 26

57 33.7 46 35.9 59.5 60.1 58.3 55 9.5 41 38.3 35 59.2 66.6 38

9.4 7.14 9.9 7.36 8.87 9.5 9.5 9.3 58.4 7.3 7.41 9.27 9.08

1.8 1.8 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.8

8.7 6.3 10.6

-40 -51 -44 -54

1.8* 1.7 1.38 1.97 9.61 1.96 8.84 2.25 7.45

-49 -42 -42 -44 -55

Note: These average readings may vary with different brands/ batches of fluids. New data in appear in bold. * Are estimates

Additiv e s (ppm )

Phy s ica l Prope rtie s

Visc @ 100 C

Molybdenum

Calcium

Sodium

Gear Oils

John Deere 80W90 JDM J11F 75W80 LS (844JandADT'S) JDM J11F 80W90LS (844JandADT'S) John Deere 85W140
VALPAR80W90

Exxon Mobil 80W90 Shell Spirax 75W90 Shell Spirax 85W140 Chevron Delo Gear oil 80W-90

9 <1 <1 <1 1 0 4 0 4 0 1 0 FOR SIGNATURE

3 <1 <1 <1 0 0

50 <50 <5 <10 14 28 2 12

0 <1 0 <1 0 0 0

950 2445 1539 1000 313 1459 1215 1169

40 <50 5 <10 9 13 2 9

9 <1 0 <1 0 2 0 0

131 300 <1 <5 1 7

136 147 151.5 346.6 127.7 132 117 126 140

14.32 0.4 8.5 15.5 3.5 3.2 26.98 0.4 13.28 0.75 0.77 2.34

14.2

Note: These average readings may vary with different brands/ batches of fluids. New data in appear in bold. * Are estimates

Pour Point F

Phosphorus

Visc @ 40 C

Magnesium

Barium

Silicon

Boron

TAN

TBN

Zinc

Pour Point F

Phosphorus

Visc @ 40 C

Magnesium

Silicon

Boron

TAN

TBN

Zinc

12 Engine Oils Classifications


Plus 50 15W-40 10W-30 15W-40 0W-40 Torq-Gard Supreme

Plus 4 10W-40 10W-30 15W-40 5W-30 10W

Turf-Gard 10W-40 10W-30 5W-30

10W-30

5W-30

Service Classification
CJ-4 CI-4 PLUS CI-4 CH-4 CG-4 CF-4 CF-2 CF SM SL SJ E7 E5 E4 E3 E2 JASO DH-1 Global DHD-1 John Deere JDQ78A API ACEA

API (Gasoline

Torq-Gard Supreme 15W-40 marketed in Europe is API CH-4 / ACEA E5, but not CJ-4. Torq-Gard Supreme 10W-30 marketed in Canada is API CJ-4 / SM.

Coolant Guidelines Cool Gard I (No longer available)


Test Freezing Point % Antifreeze - Coolant pH level Reserve Alkalinity Nitrite Molibdates Silicate Corrosion Metals Visual Assessment Min -70 F Report only 7.0 1.0 300ppm Report Only Report Only 0 Clear or Sediment 30 11.0 N/A N/A Max 0F

(New) Coolant Guidelines Cool Gard II (Nitrite free)


Test Freezing Point % Antifreeze - Coolant pH level Reserve Alkalinity Nitrite Molibdates Silicate Corrosion Metals Visual Assessment Min -70 F Report only 7.0 1.0 10ppm Report Only Report Only 0 Clear or Sediment 30 11.0 N/A N/A Max 0F

30

13 Fuel Guidelines Test API Gravity Water and Sediment Sulfur (Low Sulfur) Sulfur (High Sulfur) Cetane Index, Calculated Distillation Bacteria Cold Filter Plugging Point Min Report Only N/A 0.05% N/A 0.05% N/A 0.50% 40.0 90% recovery, #2 DF 540-640 Max Temp Any Positive Result is Critical Report Only Max

Wear elements
CHROMIUM ALUMINUM TITANIUM

COPPER

NICKEL

Iron can be present as a fine particle produced by abrasion or wear, but also as iron oxides generally associated with the presence of water or a corrosive reaction to additives. Iron generally comes from the liners in engines or from hydraulic cylinders, gear pumps with cast iron bodies, piston pumps without sleeves, lines and reservoirs in hydraulic systems, and from planetary carriers in final drives and differentials. Chromium is a very hard metal wear particle produced by engine piston rings. Chromium readings indicate that something harder than it is present, namely silica or alumina. New engines produce could produce chromium during the break-in period, especially with break-in oils purposely lacking molybdenum. Chromium in hydraulic systems is typically from valve spools or cylinder rods; harder abrasives also trigger chromium generation. Chromium also comes from final drive and differential bearings. Copper is a soft metal from bronze alloys that are present in engines, hydraulic pumps, differentials, final drives, power shift transmissions, and in cooler cores. In engines, its presence of copper could indicate a cooler core or water pump leak, but also from thrust washers in the camshaft, rocker arm or piston wrist bushings. When present with Glycol (potassium and sodium) it could be coming from oil cooler. When it is associated with lead and/or tin, but without glycol traces, it is an indication that it is coming from the bearings/bushings. New oil like CI-4 or CJ4s will promote high copper generation during passivation of the oil cooler. Constant changes of type of oil will trigger copper generation from the cooler. Some copper generation, ranging from 10 to 100 PPM or more, can sometimes be present in hydraulic systems. Larger generation of copper is typically triggered by water, silica, high temperature operation and most importantly, by additive incompatibility from fluid mixing or by etching. Copper also comes from final drives equipped with park brakes and slip spin/diff lock differentials, or from thrust washers.

SILVER

LEAD

IRON

TIN

14
Aluminum is a wear element that generally comes from pistons in engines. High aluminum associated with silica is probably dirt. Aluminum in hydraulic systems generally is from dirt ingestion. Aluminum in final drives is unequivocally from dirt. Tin is a metal used in soft alloys of bronze in combination with lead. It is generally present in small amounts in hydraulic pumps. However, when tin is present in engines, it is generally associated with lead and copper to indicate high bearing wear. Tin could also be present in coolers solder that leach back to the coolant or oil. Lead is a very soft metal used in alloys in combination with tin for engine bearings and bushings. Lead is present in hydraulic pump alloys as well. Lead presence in engines in more that 10 PPM indicates some bearing wear. Low TBN and /or high sulfation in engines correlate with high lead production. Glycol or fuel contamination can produce high lead readings. Nickel it is seldom present in oil analysis but when it shows up it is an indication of turbocharger cam plate wear or valve guide wear. There is also some nickel in valve guides and valves themselves. Silver is not typical in construction equipment oil analysis but when present in engines it could come from accessory drive, turbocharger bearings or wrist pin bushings Titanium is not a typical wear metal present in oil analysis from construction equipment. Some traces are possible from some alloys. Titanium in the form of titanium oxides could be present as contamination from paint or from operation in certain bauxite mines.

Contamination elements

POTASSIUM

SULFATION

Silicon is the principal component of dirt and it is present in its natural and oxidative form as silica. It is harder than any metal used in mobile equipment and can scratch hard surfaces easily. In new engines, its presence could indicate liquid silicon material used as sealant during assembly. It typically washes out after several oil changes. Silica (the oxidative form of silicone) appears in nature associated with alumina in a typical of 4 to 1 and 6 to 1 ratios. Silicon is also present in oils and fluids as a constituent of foam inhibitor additive Polydimethylsiloxane or Polyacrylate. Expect to find between 1 to 4 PPM in new engine oils or some tractor fluids. Aluminum is generally present in association with silica in a 1 to 5 ratio and enters together with dirt. It enters the system in its oxidative form as alumina, and it is extremely hard. Aluminum is the most abundant metal in the world. Potassium is present in Glycol and it is not an additive for engine oils as such, although some small readings of about 2 to 3 PPM could be present. When combined with sodium and sometimes with boron, it is a confirmation of glycol contamination.

NITRATION

ALUMINUM

GLYCOL

SILICON

SODIUM

WATER

SOOT

FUEL

15
Sodium is also present in glycol but also in many salts, or seawater. Sodium in small amounts could be an additive, however, if its presence is associated with potassium and/or boron it is a confirmation of glycol contamination. Sodium in association with silica and alumina (dirt) is very typical. Fuel could be present in diesel engine oils as a by-product of incomplete combustion or leaks. The allowable limit is <2% of volume. Fuel is responsible for sulfation in engines oils. See sulfation below. Fuel in large quantities can cause a drop in viscosity of engine oils. Glycol is a coolant for engines and its presence in engine oils cause a rapid increase in oil viscosity. It also causes disruption to oil film and bearing failure. Typically glycol contains potassium, sodium and boron. Some organic acid coolants may not show increase numbers in sodium. Water is the enemy number two of hydraulic fluid additives. It causes additive depletion, corrosion, and generates copper and iron. Water is present as free water, emulsified or saturated. The Karl Fisher test provides total water content. Free and emulsified water is easy to remove with water absorbent filters. Saturated (Dissolved) water in fluids at a level of more than 75% probably requires a change of fluid. Soot is a term used to describe fine carbon particles suspended in engine oils. Soot is a by-product of incomplete combustion of fuel. Over time soot sludge causes an increase in viscosity and carbon deposits that could clog lubrication galleries in engines. Sulfation describes the amount of sulfur in engine oil introduced by combustion blow-by in diesel engines. Sulfation increases with hours and fuel contamination. Too much sulfation can deplete the alkaline reserve, create corrosive acids and increase iron and lead readings. Nitration is a phenomenon that occurs more frequently in engine oils. Nitration is a by-product of combustion. It comes as nitrous oxides that cause oxidation and leads to the formation of varnish deposits and sludge, thus increasing oil viscosity.

Additive elements

MOLYBDENUM

PHOSPHORUS

MAGNESIUM

CALCIUM

SULFUR

SODIUM

BARIUM

BORON

Boron is an EP (extreme pressure) additive but it is also a constituent of coolants. A small amount of boron without the presence of potassium is an indication of Boron as an additive. Barium is an additive present in sulfonates. Sulfonates in turn are additives that act as detergents and corrosion inhibitors. Calcium is a detergent and it comes in sulfonates as well. It cleans carbon deposits from engines and acts as a corrosion inhibitor and dispersant.

ZINC

16
Magnesium is also part of a detergent additive as magnesium alkyl benzene sulfonate. It reacts with sludge and varnish precursors to neutralize them and keep them soluble. Molybdenum is present in an anti-wear additive as molybdenum disulfide, typical in engine oils. Sodium is found in small amounts as part of some additives in dirt as salt. Phosphorus is present in extreme pressure (EP) as well as anti-wear /anti-oxidant additives like ZZDP and TCP and friction modifiers in engine oils, hydraulic fluids and gear oils. Sulfur is present in extreme pressure additives in combination with phosphorus. Zinc is part of ZDDP additive that acts as an anti-wear, anti-corrosive, anti-oxidant and detergent additive and in some hydraulic systems from zinc-phosphate coating leaching.
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