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Universidad de Los Andes Prof. Argenis A.

Zapata
Facultad de Humanidades y Educación Idioma A: Fonética y Fonología Inglesa I
Escuela de Idiomas Modernos Semestre B-2005

Daniel Jones’ Cardinal Vowels

FRONT CENTRAL BACK

CLOSE (1) i • y (9) • È (17) (18) Ë • (16) ˜ • u (8)

HALF-CLOSE (2) e• P (10) (15) V • o (7)

HALF-OPEN (3) E • { (11) (14) ø • O (6)

OPEN (4) a • ” (12) (13) Å • A (5)

The Cardinal Vowels are ideal vowels conceived by Daniel Jones in order to serve
as reference points for the description of all the vowel sounds of the languages of
the world.

Primary Cardinal Vowels: 1 through 8.


Secondary Cardinal Vowels: 9 through 18.
Unrounded Cardinal Vowels: 1 through 5, and 14 through 17.
Rounded Cardinal Vowels: 9 through 13, and 6 through 8, and 18.