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Question 1(a)

Describe the types and explain a communication


network.

z A communication network is a collection of


computers and devices connected together via
communications devices such as modems, cables,
telephone lines and satellites that allow user to
share resources

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Question 1(a)
Types of network include LAN, WAN, Internet, Peer to peer.

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Local Area Network (LAN)
z A cluster of interconnected microcomputers
forming a network
z Usually carry data at high speeds & owned by one
z Originated as a
description of size
z Cover a small local
area

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Facilities of LAN
zA variety of facilities are
required to enable networks to
function.
zFileServer
zPrint Server
zCommunications Server

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Facilities of LAN - File Server
z Facilitatesthe storage of documents which
can be retrieved and updated as necessary.
z Enable network users to access application
software install in one file server
z Enable user access control

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Facilities of LAN - Print Server
z Provides each network user with high-
speed printing facilities.

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Facilities of LAN - Communications Server

z Linksnetwork users to a variety of


communication devices by telephone line
connections.

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Client / Server LAN
z Network in which one or more computers act
as a server and other computers on the
network can request services from server

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Wide Area Network (WAN)
z Network that covers large geographic area
z Internet is world's largest WAN

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Wide Area Network (WAN)
z Whereas a local area network serves the
requirements of an organization for
interdepartmental communications, a wide area
network serves a wide geographic area and may in
fact embrace a whole country or even the world.
z The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers) formally recognizes as local networks
those networks having a maximum total length of
6000 feet. Beyond that length, networks are
classified as WANs.
z Another definition of WANs is that they simply
connect two or more LANs together
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Internet use of Peer-to-Peer (P2P)
z Enables users with same networking
software to connect to each other's hard
disks and exchange files directly

ITM Lecture 3
Advanced Diploma (Thames College) 11
Question 1(b)
How to implement a reliable network.

To implement a reliable network, Utilization,


Performance and flexibility are three major
issues to consider in implementing a good
network.

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Factors to Consider - Utilization
z The number of current and future users must be
known or estimated.
z Different choices in cabling, structure (topology)
and hardware will determine the performance
levels given certain number of users.
z If there are too many users relative to the
capabilities of the LAN, then the performance
will deteriorate.

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Factors to Consider - Performance
z The expected response time and storage
capacity must be determined in order to be
able to specify the correct components and
its true cost.

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Factors to Consider - Flexibility
z The ease with which new users can be
added or removed from a system is
important to the organization.
z Certain configurations allow for a limited
number of new PCs to be added, after
which costly expansion work has to be
done.

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