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Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg 1

Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg

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The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg

by Mark Twain

February, 1998 [Etext #1213]

The Project Gutenberg Etext of The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg

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Prepared by by David Price ccx074@coventry.ac.uk

The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg

It was many years ago. Hadleyburg was the most honest and upright town
in all the region round about. It had kept that reputation unsmirched during
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 8

three generations, and was prouder of it than of any other of its possessions.
It was so proud of it, and so anxious to insure its perpetuation, that it began
to teach the principles of honest dealing to its babies in the cradle, and
made the like teachings the staple of their culture thenceforward through all
the years devoted to their education. Also, throughout the formative years
temptations were kept out of the way of the young people, so that their
honesty could have every chance to harden and solidify, and become a part
of their very bone. The neighbouring towns were jealous of this honourable
supremacy, and affected to sneer at Hadleyburg's pride in it and call it
vanity; but all the same they were obliged to acknowledge that Hadleyburg
was in reality an incorruptible town; and if pressed they would also
acknowledge that the mere fact that a young man hailed from Hadleyburg
was all the recommendation he needed when he went forth from his natal
town to seek for responsible employment.

But at last, in the drift of time, Hadleyburg had the ill luck to offend a
passing stranger--possibly without knowing it, certainly without caring, for
Hadleyburg was sufficient unto itself, and cared not a rap for strangers or
their opinions. Still, it would have been well to make an exception in this
one's case, for he was a bitter man, and revengeful. All through his
wanderings during a whole year he kept his injury in mind, and gave all his
leisure moments to trying to invent a compensating satisfaction for it. He
contrived many plans, and all of them were good, but none of them was
quite sweeping enough: the poorest of them would hurt a great many
individuals, but what he wanted was a plan which would comprehend the
entire town, and not let so much as one person escape unhurt. At last he had
a fortunate idea, and when it fell into his brain it lit up his whole head with
an evil joy. He began to form a plan at once, saying to himself "That is the
thing to do--I will corrupt the town."

Six months later he went to Hadleyburg, and arrived in a buggy at the

house of the old cashier of the bank about ten at night. He got a sack out of
the buggy, shouldered it, and staggered with it through the cottage yard,
and knocked at the door. A woman's voice said "Come in," and he entered,
and set his sack behind the stove in the parlour, saying politely to the old
lady who sat reading the "Missionary Herald" by the lamp:
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 9

"Pray keep your seat, madam, I will not disturb you. There--now it is pretty
well concealed; one would hardly know it was there. Can I see your
husband a moment, madam?"

No, he was gone to Brixton, and might not return before morning.

"Very well, madam, it is no matter. I merely wanted to leave that sack in

his care, to be delivered to the rightful owner when he shall be found. I am
a stranger; he does not know me; I am merely passing through the town
to-night to discharge a matter which has been long in my mind. My errand
is now completed, and I go pleased and a little proud, and you will never
see me again. There is a paper attached to the sack which will explain
everything. Good- night, madam."

The old lady was afraid of the mysterious big stranger, and was glad to see
him go. But her curiosity was roused, and she went straight to the sack and
brought away the paper. It began as follows:

"TO BE PUBLISHED, or, the right man sought out by private inquiry--
either will answer. This sack contains gold coin weighing a hundred and
sixty pounds four ounces--"

"Mercy on us, and the door not locked!"

Mrs. Richards flew to it all in a tremble and locked it, then pulled down the
window-shades and stood frightened, worried, and wondering if there was
anything else she could do toward making herself and the money more safe.
She listened awhile for burglars, then surrendered to curiosity, and went
back to the lamp and finished reading the paper:

"I am a foreigner, and am presently going back to my own country, to

remain there permanently. I am grateful to America for what I have
received at her hands during my long stay under her flag; and to one of her
citizens--a citizen of Hadleyburg--I am especially grateful for a great
kindness done me a year or two ago. Two great kindnesses in fact. I will
explain. I was a gambler. I say I WAS. I was a ruined gambler. I arrived in
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 10

this village at night, hungry and without a penny. I asked for help--in the
dark; I was ashamed to beg in the light. I begged of the right man. He gave
me twenty dollars--that is to say, he gave me life, as I considered it. He also
gave me fortune; for out of that money I have made myself rich at the
gaming-table. And finally, a remark which he made to me has remained
with me to this day, and has at last conquered me; and in conquering has
saved the remnant of my morals: I shall gamble no more. Now I have no
idea who that man was, but I want him found, and I want him to have this
money, to give away, throw away, or keep, as he pleases. It is merely my
way of testifying my gratitude to him. If I could stay, I would find him
myself; but no matter, he will be found. This is an honest town, an
incorruptible town, and I know I can trust it without fear. This man can be
identified by the remark which he made to me; I feel persuaded that he will
remember it.

"And now my plan is this: If you prefer to conduct the inquiry privately, do
so. Tell the contents of this present writing to any one who is likely to be
the right man. If he shall answer, 'I am the man; the remark I made was
so-and-so,' apply the test--to wit: open the sack, and in it you will find a
sealed envelope containing that remark. If the remark mentioned by the
candidate tallies with it, give him the money, and ask no further questions,
for he is certainly the right man.

"But if you shall prefer a public inquiry, then publish this present writing in
the local paper--with these instructions added, to wit: Thirty days from
now, let the candidate appear at the town-hall at eight in the evening
(Friday), and hand his remark, in a sealed envelope, to the Rev. Mr.
Burgess (if he will be kind enough to act); and let Mr. Burgess there and
then destroy the seals of the sack, open it, and see if the remark is correct: if
correct, let the money be delivered, with my sincere gratitude, to my
benefactor thus identified."

Mrs. Richards sat down, gently quivering with excitement, and was soon
lost in thinkings--after this pattern: "What a strange thing it is! . . . And
what a fortune for that kind man who set his bread afloat upon the waters! .
. . If it had only been my husband that did it!--for we are so poor, so old and
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 11

poor! . . ." Then, with a sigh--"But it was not my Edward; no, it was not he
that gave a stranger twenty dollars. It is a pity too; I see it now. . . " Then,
with a shudder--"But it is GAMBLERS' money! the wages of sin; we
couldn't take it; we couldn't touch it. I don't like to be near it; it seems a
defilement." She moved to a farther chair. . . "I wish Edward would come,
and take it to the bank; a burglar might come at any moment; it is dreadful
to be here all alone with it."

At eleven Mr. Richards arrived, and while his wife was saying "I am SO
glad you've come!" he was saying, "I am so tired--tired clear out; it is
dreadful to be poor, and have to make these dismal journeys at my time of
life. Always at the grind, grind, grind, on a salary--another man's slave, and
he sitting at home in his slippers, rich and comfortable."

"I am so sorry for you, Edward, you know that; but be comforted; we have
our livelihood; we have our good name--"

"Yes, Mary, and that is everything. Don't mind my talk--it's just a moment's
irritation and doesn't mean anything. Kiss me--there, it's all gone now, and I
am not complaining any more. What have you been getting? What's in the

Then his wife told him the great secret. It dazed him for a moment; then he

"It weighs a hundred and sixty pounds? Why, Mary, it's for-ty thou- sand
dollars--think of it--a whole fortune! Not ten men in this village are worth
that much. Give me the paper."

He skimmed through it and said:

"Isn't it an adventure! Why, it's a romance; it's like the impossible things
one reads about in books, and never sees in life." He was well stirred up
now; cheerful, even gleeful. He tapped his old wife on the cheek, and said
humorously, "Why, we're rich, Mary, rich; all we've got to do is to bury the
money and burn the papers. If the gambler ever comes to inquire, we'll
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 12

merely look coldly upon him and say: 'What is this nonsense you are
talking? We have never heard of you and your sack of gold before;' and
then he would look foolish, and--"

"And in the meantime, while you are running on with your jokes, the
money is still here, and it is fast getting along toward burglar- time."

"True. Very well, what shall we do--make the inquiry private? No, not that;
it would spoil the romance. The public method is better. Think what a noise
it will make! And it will make all the other towns jealous; for no stranger
would trust such a thing to any town but Hadleyburg, and they know it. It's
a great card for us. I must get to the printing-office now, or I shall be too

"But stop--stop--don't leave me here alone with it, Edward!"

But he was gone. For only a little while, however. Not far from his own
house he met the editor--proprietor of the paper, and gave him the
document, and said "Here is a good thing for you, Cox--put it in."

"It may be too late, Mr. Richards, but I'll see."

At home again, he and his wife sat down to talk the charming mystery over;
they were in no condition for sleep. The first question was, Who could the
citizen have been who gave the stranger the twenty dollars? It seemed a
simple one; both answered it in the same breath -

"Barclay Goodson."

"Yes," said Richards, "he could have done it, and it would have been like
him, but there's not another in the town."

"Everybody will grant that, Edward--grant it privately, anyway. For six

months, now, the village has been its own proper self once more- -honest,
narrow, self-righteous, and stingy."
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 13

"It is what he always called it, to the day of his death--said it right out
publicly, too."

"Yes, and he was hated for it."

"Oh, of course; but he didn't care. I reckon he was the best-hated man
among us, except the Reverend Burgess."

"Well, Burgess deserves it--he will never get another congregation here.
Mean as the town is, it knows how to estimate HIM. Edward, doesn't it
seem odd that the stranger should appoint Burgess to deliver the money?"

"Well, yes--it does. That is--that is--"

"Why so much that-IS-ing? Would YOU select him?"

"Mary, maybe the stranger knows him better than this village does."

"Much THAT would help Burgess!"

The husband seemed perplexed for an answer; the wife kept a steady eye
upon him, and waited. Finally Richards said, with the hesitancy of one who
is making a statement which is likely to encounter doubt,

"Mary, Burgess is not a bad man."

His wife was certainly surprised.

"Nonsense!" she exclaimed.

"He is not a bad man. I know. The whole of his unpopularity had its
foundation in that one thing--the thing that made so much noise."

"That 'one thing,' indeed! As if that 'one thing' wasn't enough, all by itself."

"Plenty. Plenty. Only he wasn't guilty of it."

Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 14

"How you talk! Not guilty of it! Everybody knows he WAS guilty."

"Mary, I give you my word--he was innocent."

"I can't believe it and I don't. How do you know?"

"It is a confession. I am ashamed, but I will make it. I was the only man
who knew he was innocent. I could have saved him, and-- and--well, you
know how the town was wrought up--I hadn't the pluck to do it. It would
have turned everybody against me. I felt mean, ever so mean; ut I didn't
dare; I hadn't the manliness to face that."

Mary looked troubled, and for a while was silent. Then she said

"I--I don't think it would have done for you to--to--One mustn't-- er--public
opinion--one has to be so careful --so--" It was a difficult road, and she got
mired; but after a little she got started again. "It was a great pity, but-- Why,
we couldn't afford it, Edward--we couldn't indeed. Oh, I wouldn't have had
you do it for anything!"

"It would have lost us the good-will of so many people, Mary; and
then--and then--"

"What troubles me now is, what HE thinks of us, Edward."

"He? HE doesn't suspect that I could have saved him."

"Oh," exclaimed the wife, in a tone of relief, "I am glad of that. As long as
he doesn't know that you could have saved him, he--he-- well that makes it
a great deal better. Why, I might have known he didn't know, because he is
always trying to be friendly with us, as little encouragement as we give
him. More than once people have twitted me with it. There's the Wilsons,
and the Wilcoxes, and the Harknesses, they take a mean pleasure in saying
'YOUR FRIEND Burgess,' because they know it pesters me. I wish he
wouldn't persist in liking us so; I can't think why he keeps it up."
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 15

"I can explain it. It's another confession. When the thing was new and hot,
and the town made a plan to ride him on a rail, my conscience hurt me so
that I couldn't stand it, and I went privately and gave him notice, and he got
out of the town and stayed out till it was safe to come back."

"Edward! If the town had found it out--"

"DON'T! It scares me yet, to think of it. I repented of it the minute it was

done; and I was even afraid to tell you lest your face might betray it to
somebody. I didn't sleep any that night, for worrying. But after a few days I
saw that no one was going to suspect me, and after that I got to feeling glad
I did it. And I feel glad yet, Mary--glad through and through."

"So do I, now, for it would have been a dreadful way to treat him. Yes, I'm
glad; for really you did owe him that, you know. But, Edward, suppose it
should come out yet, some day!"

"It won't."


"Because everybody thinks it was Goodson."

"Of course they would!"

"Certainly. And of course HE didn't care. They persuaded poor old

Sawlsberry to go and charge it on him, and he went blustering over there
and did it. Goodson looked him over, like as if he was hunting for a place
on him that he could despise the most; then he says, 'So you are the
Committee of Inquiry, are you?' Sawlsberry said that was about what he
was. 'H'm. Do they require particulars, or do you reckon a kind of a
GENERAL answer will do?' 'If they require particulars, I will come back,
Mr. Goodson; I will take the general answer first.' 'Very well, then, tell
them to go to hell--I reckon that's general enough. And I'll give you some
advice, Sawlsberry; when you come back for the particulars, fetch a basket
to carry what is left of yourself home in.'"
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 16

"Just like Goodson; it's got all the marks. He had only one vanity; he
thought he could give advice better than any other person."

"It settled the business, and saved us, Mary. The subject was dropped."

"Bless you, I'm not doubting THAT."

Then they took up the gold-sack mystery again, with strong interest. Soon
the conversation began to suffer breaks--interruptions caused by absorbed
thinkings. The breaks grew more and more frequent. At last Richards lost
himself wholly in thought. He sat long, gazing vacantly at the floor, and
by-and-by he began to punctuate his thoughts with little nervous
movements of his hands that seemed to indicate vexation. Meantime his
wife too had relapsed into a thoughtful silence, and her movements were
beginning to show a troubled discomfort. Finally Richards got up and
strode aimlessly about the room, ploughing his hands through his hair,
much as a somnambulist might do who was having a bad dream. Then he
seemed to arrive at a definite purpose; and without a word he put on his hat
and passed quickly out of the house. His wife sat brooding, with a drawn
face, and did not seem to be aware that she was alone. Now and then she
murmured, "Lead us not into t . . . but--but--we are so poor, so poor! . . .
Lead us not into . . . Ah, who would be hurt by it?--and no one would ever
know . . . Lead us . . . " The voice died out in mumblings. After a little she
glanced up and muttered in a half-frightened, half-glad way -

"He is gone! But, oh dear, he may be too late--too late . . . Maybe

not--maybe there is still time." She rose and stood thinking, nervously
clasping and unclasping her hands. A slight shudder shook her frame, and
she said, out of a dry throat, "God forgive me--it's awful to think such
things--but . . . Lord, how we are made--how strangely we are made!"

She turned the light low, and slipped stealthily over and knelt down by the
sack and felt of its ridgy sides with her hands, and fondled them lovingly;
and there was a gloating light in her poor old eyes. She fell into fits of
absence; and came half out of them at times to mutter "If we had only
waited!--oh, if we had only waited a little, and not been in such a hurry!"
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 17

Meantime Cox had gone home from his office and told his wife all about
the strange thing that had happened, and they had talked it over eagerly,
and guessed that the late Goodson was the only man in the town who could
have helped a suffering stranger with so noble a sum as twenty dollars.
Then there was a pause, and the two became thoughtful and silent. And
by-and-by nervous and fidgety. At last the wife said, as if to herself,

"Nobody knows this secret but the Richardses . . . and us . . . nobody."

The husband came out of his thinkings with a slight start, and gazed
wistfully at his wife, whose face was become very pale; then he hesitatingly
rose, and glanced furtively at his hat, then at his wife--a sort of mute
inquiry. Mrs. Cox swallowed once or twice, with her hand at her throat,
then in place of speech she nodded her head. In a moment she was alone,
and mumbling to herself.

And now Richards and Cox were hurrying through the deserted streets,
from opposite directions. They met, panting, at the foot of the
printing-office stairs; by the night-light there they read each other's face.
Cox whispered:

"Nobody knows about this but us?"

The whispered answer was:

"Not a soul--on honour, not a soul!"

"If it isn't too late to--"

The men were starting up-stairs; at this moment they were overtaken by a
boy, and Cox asked,

"Is that you, Johnny?"

"Yes, sir."
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 18

"You needn't ship the early mail--nor ANY mail; wait till I tell you."

"It's already gone, sir."

"GONE?" It had the sound of an unspeakable disappointment in it.

"Yes, sir. Time-table for Brixton and all the towns beyond changed to-day,
sir--had to get the papers in twenty minutes earlier than common. I had to
rush; if I had been two minutes later--"

The men turned and walked slowly away, not waiting to hear the rest.
Neither of them spoke during ten minutes; then Cox said, in a vexed tone,

"What possessed you to be in such a hurry, I can't make out."

The answer was humble enough:

"I see it now, but somehow I never thought, you know, until it was too late.
But the next time--"

"Next time be hanged! It won't come in a thousand years."

Then the friends separated without a good-night, and dragged themselves

home with the gait of mortally stricken men. At their homes their wives
sprang up with an eager "Well?"--then saw the answer with their eyes and
sank down sorrowing, without waiting for it to come in words. In both
houses a discussion followed of a heated sort--a new thing; there had been
discussions before, but not heated ones, not ungentle ones. The discussions
to-night were a sort of seeming plagiarisms of each other. Mrs. Richards

"If you had only waited, Edward--if you had only stopped to think; but no,
you must run straight to the printing-office and spread it all over the

"It SAID publish it."

Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 19

"That is nothing; it also said do it privately, if you liked. There, now--is that
true, or not?"

"Why, yes--yes, it is true; but when I thought what a stir it would make, and
what a compliment it was to Hadleyburg that a stranger should trust it so--"

"Oh, certainly, I know all that; but if you had only stopped to think, you
would have seen that you COULDN'T find the right man, because he is in
his grave, and hasn't left chick nor child nor relation behind him; and as
long as the money went to somebody that awfully needed it, and nobody
would be hurt by it, and--and--"

She broke down, crying. Her husband tried to think of some comforting
thing to say, and presently came out with this:

"But after all, Mary, it must be for the best--it must be; we know that. And
we must remember that it was so ordered--"

"Ordered! Oh, everything's ORDERED, when a person has to find some

way out when he has been stupid. Just the same, it was ORDERED that the
money should come to us in this special way, and it was you that must take
it on yourself to go meddling with the designs of Providence--and who
gave you the right? It was wicked, that is what it was--just blasphemous
presumption, and no more becoming to a meek and humble professor of--"

"But, Mary, you know how we have been trained all our lives long, like the
whole village, till it is absolutely second nature to us to stop not a single
moment to think when there's an honest thing to be done--"

"Oh, I know it, I know it--it's been one everlasting training and training and
training in honesty--honesty shielded, from the very cradle, against every
possible temptation, and so it's ARTIFICIAL honesty, and weak as water
when temptation comes, as we have seen this night. God knows I never had
shade nor shadow of a doubt of my petrified and indestructible honesty
until now--and now, under the very first big and real temptation, I--Edward,
it is my belief that this town's honesty is as rotten as mine is; as rotten as
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 20

yours. It is a mean town, a hard, stingy town, and hasn't a virtue in the
world but this honesty it is so celebrated for and so conceited about; and so
help me, I do believe that if ever the day comes that its honesty falls under
great temptation, its grand reputation will go to ruin like a house of cards.
There, now, I've made confession, and I feel better; I am a humbug, and
I've been one all my life, without knowing it. Let no man call me honest
again--I will not have it."

"I-- Well, Mary, I feel a good deal as you do: I certainly do. It seems
strange, too, so strange. I never could have believed it-- never."

A long silence followed; both were sunk in thought. At last the wife looked
up and said:

"I know what you are thinking, Edward."

Richards had the embarrassed look of a person who is caught.

"I am ashamed to confess it, Mary, but--"

"It's no matter, Edward, I was thinking the same question myself."

"I hope so. State it."

"You were thinking, if a body could only guess out WHAT THE REMARK
WAS that Goodson made to the stranger."

"It's perfectly true. I feel guilty and ashamed. And you?"

"I'm past it. Let us make a pallet here; we've got to stand watch till the bank
vault opens in the morning and admits the sack. . . Oh dear, oh dear--if we
hadn't made the mistake!"

The pallet was made, and Mary said:

Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 21

"The open sesame--what could it have been? I do wonder what that remark
could have been. But come; we will get to bed now."

"And sleep?"

"No; think."

"Yes; think."

By this time the Coxes too had completed their spat and their
reconciliation, and were turning in--to think, to think, and toss, and fret, and
worry over what the remark could possibly have been which Goodson
made to the stranded derelict; that golden remark; that remark worth forty
thousand dollars, cash.

The reason that the village telegraph-office was open later than usual that
night was this: The foreman of Cox's paper was the local representative of
the Associated Press. One might say its honorary representative, for it
wasn't four times a year that he could furnish thirty words that would be
accepted. But this time it was different. His despatch stating what he had
caught got an instant answer:

"Send the whole thing--all the details--twelve hundred words."

A colossal order! The foreman filled the bill; and he was the proudest man
in the State. By breakfast-time the next morning the name of Hadleyburg
the Incorruptible was on every lip in America, from Montreal to the Gulf,
from the glaciers of Alaska to the orange-groves of Florida; and millions
and millions of people were discussing the stranger and his money-sack,
and wondering if the right man would be found, and hoping some more
news about the matter would come soon--right away.


Hadleyburg village woke up world-celebrated--astonished--happy-- vain.

Vain beyond imagination. Its nineteen principal citizens and their wives
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 22

went about shaking hands with each other, and beaming, and smiling, and
congratulating, and saying THIS thing adds a new word to the
dictionary--HADLEYBURG, synonym for INCORRUPTIBLE-- destined
to live in dictionaries for ever! And the minor and unimportant citizens and
their wives went around acting in much the same way. Everybody ran to
the bank to see the gold-sack; and before noon grieved and envious crowds
began to flock in from Brixton and all neighbouring towns; and that
afternoon and next day reporters began to arrive from everywhere to verify
the sack and its history and write the whole thing up anew, and make
dashing free- hand pictures of the sack, and of Richards's house, and the
bank, and the Presbyterian church, and the Baptist church, and the public
square, and the town-hall where the test would be applied and the money
delivered; and damnable portraits of the Richardses, and Pinkerton the
banker, and Cox, and the foreman, and Reverend Burgess, and the
postmaster--and even of Jack Halliday, who was the loafing, good-natured,
no-account, irreverent fisherman, hunter, boys' friend, stray-dogs' friend,
typical "Sam Lawson" of the town. The little mean, smirking, oily
Pinkerton showed the sack to all comers, and rubbed his sleek palms
together pleasantly, and enlarged upon the town's fine old reputation for
honesty and upon this wonderful endorsement of it, and hoped and believed
that the example would now spread far and wide over the American world,
and be epoch- making in the matter of moral regeneration. And so on, and
so on.

By the end of a week things had quieted down again; the wild intoxication
of pride and joy had sobered to a soft, sweet, silent delight--a sort of deep,
nameless, unutterable content. All faces bore a look of peaceful, holy

Then a change came. It was a gradual change; so gradual that its beginnings
were hardly noticed; maybe were not noticed at all, except by Jack
Halliday, who always noticed everything; and always made fun of it, too,
no matter what it was. He began to throw out chaffing remarks about
people not looking quite so happy as they did a day or two ago; and next he
claimed that the new aspect was deepening to positive sadness; next, that it
was taking on a sick look; and finally he said that everybody was become
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 23

so moody, thoughtful, and absent-minded that he could rob the meanest

man in town of a cent out of the bottom of his breeches pocket and not
disturb his reverie.

At this stage--or at about this stage--a saying like this was dropped at
bedtime--with a sigh, usually--by the head of each of the nineteen principal

"Ah, what COULD have been the remark that Goodson made?"

And straightway--with a shudder--came this, from the man's wife:

"Oh, DON'T! What horrible thing are you mulling in your mind? Put it
away from you, for God's sake!"

But that question was wrung from those men again the next night--and got
the same retort. But weaker.

And the third night the men uttered the question yet again--with anguish,
and absently. This time--and the following night--the wives fidgeted feebly,
and tried to say something. But didn't.

And the night after that they found their tongues and responded-- longingly:

"Oh, if we COULD only guess!"

Halliday's comments grew daily more and more sparklingly disagreeable

and disparaging. He went diligently about, laughing at the town,
individually and in mass. But his laugh was the only one left in the village:
it fell upon a hollow and mournful vacancy and emptiness. Not even a
smile was findable anywhere. Halliday carried a cigar-box around on a
tripod, playing that it was a camera, and halted all passers and aimed the
thing and said "Ready! --now look pleasant, please," but not even this
capital joke could surprise the dreary faces into any softening.
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 24

So three weeks passed--one week was left. It was Saturday evening after
supper. Instead of the aforetime Saturday-evening flutter and bustle and
shopping and larking, the streets were empty and desolate. Richards and his
old wife sat apart in their little parlour--miserable and thinking. This was
become their evening habit now: the life-long habit which had preceded it,
of reading, knitting, and contented chat, or receiving or paying neighbourly
calls, was dead and gone and forgotten, ages ago--two or three weeks ago;
nobody talked now, nobody read, nobody visited--the whole village sat at
home, sighing, worrying, silent. Trying to guess out that remark.

The postman left a letter. Richards glanced listlessly at the superscription

and the post-mark--unfamiliar, both--and tossed the letter on the table and
resumed his might-have-beens and his hopeless dull miseries where he had
left them off. Two or three hours later his wife got wearily up and was
going away to bed without a good-night--custom now--but she stopped near
the letter and eyed it awhile with a dead interest, then broke it open, and
began to skim it over. Richards, sitting there with his chair tilted back
against the wall and his chin between his knees, heard something fall. It
was his wife. He sprang to her side, but she cried out:

"Leave me alone, I am too happy. Read the letter--read it!"

He did. He devoured it, his brain reeling. The letter was from a distant
State, and it said:

"I am a stranger to you, but no matter: I have something to tell. I have just
arrived home from Mexico, and learned about that episode. Of course you
do not know who made that remark, but I know, and I am the only person
living who does know. It was GOODSON. I knew him well, many years
ago. I passed through your village that very night, and was his guest till the
midnight train came along. I overheard him make that remark to the
stranger in the dark--it was in Hale Alley. He and I talked of it the rest of
the way home, and while smoking in his house. He mentioned many of
your villagers in the course of his talk--most of them in a very
uncomplimentary way, but two or three favourably: among these latter
yourself. I say 'favourably'--nothing stronger. I remember his saying he did
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 25

not actually LIKE any person in the town--not one; but that you--I THINK
he said you--am almost sure--had done him a very great service once,
possibly without knowing the full value of it, and he wished he had a
fortune, he would leave it to you when he died, and a curse apiece for the
rest of the citizens. Now, then, if it was you that did him that service, you
are his legitimate heir, and entitled to the sack of gold. I know that I can
trust to your honour and honesty, for in a citizen of Hadleyburg these
virtues are an unfailing inheritance, and so I am going to reveal to you the
remark, well satisfied that if you are not the right man you will seek and
find the right one and see that poor Goodson's debt of gratitude for the
service referred to is paid. This is the remark 'YOU ARE FAR FROM


"Oh, Edward, the money is ours, and I am so grateful, OH, so

grateful,--kiss me, dear, it's for ever since we kissed--and we needed it
so--the money--and now you are free of Pinkerton and his bank, and
nobody's slave any more; it seems to me I could fly for joy."

It was a happy half-hour that the couple spent there on the settee caressing
each other; it was the old days come again--days that had begun with their
courtship and lasted without a break till the stranger brought the deadly
money. By-and-by the wife said:

"Oh, Edward, how lucky it was you did him that grand service, poor
Goodson! I never liked him, but I love him now. And it was fine and
beautiful of you never to mention it or brag about it." Then, with a touch of
reproach, "But you ought to have told ME, Edward, you ought to have told
your wife, you know."

"Well, I--er--well, Mary, you see--"

"Now stop hemming and hawing, and tell me about it, Edward. I always
loved you, and now I'm proud of you. Everybody believes there was only
one good generous soul in this village, and now it turns out that you--
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 26

Edward, why don't you tell me?"

"Well--er--er--Why, Mary, I can't!"

"You CAN'T? WHY can't you?"

"You see, he--well, he--he made me promise I wouldn't."

The wife looked him over, and said, very slowly:

"Made--you--promise? Edward, what do you tell me that for?"

"Mary, do you think I would lie?"

She was troubled and silent for a moment, then she laid her hand within his
and said:

"No . . . no. We have wandered far enough from our bearings--God spare us
that! In all your life you have never uttered a lie. But now--now that the
foundations of things seem to be crumbling from under us, we--we--" She
lost her voice for a moment, then said, brokenly, "Lead us not into
temptation. . . I think you made the promise, Edward. Let it rest so. Let us
keep away from that ground. Now--that is all gone by; let us he happy
again; it is no time for clouds."

Edward found it something of an effort to comply, for his mind kept

wandering--trying to remember what the service was that he had done

The couple lay awake the most of the night, Mary happy and busy, Edward
busy, but not so happy. Mary was planning what she would do with the
money. Edward was trying to recall that service. At first his conscience was
sore on account of the lie he had told Mary--if it was a lie. After much
reflection--suppose it WAS a lie? What then? Was it such a great matter?
Aren't we always ACTING lies? Then why not tell them? Look at
Mary--look what she had done. While he was hurrying off on his honest
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 27

errand, what was she doing? Lamenting because the papers hadn't been
destroyed and the money kept. Is theft better than lying?

THAT point lost its sting--the lie dropped into the background and left
comfort behind it. The next point came to the front: HAD he rendered that
service? Well, here was Goodson's own evidence as reported in
Stephenson's letter; there could be no better evidence than that--it was even
PROOF that he had rendered it. Of course. So that point was settled. . . No,
not quite. He recalled with a wince that this unknown Mr. Stephenson was
just a trifle unsure as to whether the performer of it was Richards or some
other--and, oh dear, he had put Richards on his honour! He must himself
decide whither that money must go--and Mr. Stephenson was not doubting
that if he was the wrong man he would go honourably and find the right
one. Oh, it was odious to put a man in such a situation--ah, why couldn't
Stephenson have left out that doubt? What did he want to intrude that for?

Further reflection. How did it happen that RICHARDS'S name remained in

Stephenson's mind as indicating the right man, and not some other man's
name? That looked good. Yes, that looked very good. In fact it went on
looking better and better, straight along--until by-and- by it grew into
positive PROOF. And then Richards put the matter at once out of his mind,
for he had a private instinct that a proof once established is better left so.

He was feeling reasonably comfortable now, but there was still one other
detail that kept pushing itself on his notice: of course he had done that
service--that was settled; but what WAS that service? He must recall it--he
would not go to sleep till he had recalled it; it would make his peace of
mind perfect. And so he thought and thought. He thought of a dozen
things--possible services, even probable services--but none of them seemed
adequate, none of them seemed large enough, none of them seemed worth
the money--worth the fortune Goodson had wished he could leave in his
will. And besides, he couldn't remember having done them, anyway. Now,
then--now, then--what KIND of a service would it be that would make a
man so inordinately grateful? Ah--the saving of his soul! That must be it.
Yes, he could remember, now, how he once set himself the task of
converting Goodson, and laboured at it as much as--he was going to say
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 28

three months; but upon closer examination it shrunk to a month, then to a

week, then to a day, then to nothing. Yes, he remembered now, and with
unwelcome vividness, that Goodson had told him to go to thunder and mind
his own business--HE wasn't hankering to follow Hadleyburg to heaven!

So that solution was a failure--he hadn't saved Goodson's soul. Richards

was discouraged. Then after a little came another idea: had he saved
Goodson's property? No, that wouldn't do--he hadn't any. His life? That is
it! Of course. Why, he might have thought of it before. This time he was on
the right track, sure. His imagination-mill was hard at work in a minute,

Thereafter, during a stretch of two exhausting hours, he was busy saving

Goodson's life. He saved it in all kinds of difficult and perilous ways. In
every case he got it saved satisfactorily up to a certain point; then, just as he
was beginning to get well persuaded that it had really happened, a
troublesome detail would turn up which made the whole thing impossible.
As in the matter of drowning, for instance. In that case he had swum out
and tugged Goodson ashore in an unconscious state with a great crowd
looking on and applauding, but when he had got it all thought out and was
just beginning to remember all about it, a whole swarm of disqualifying
details arrived on the ground: the town would have known of the
circumstance, Mary would have known of it, it would glare like a limelight
in his own memory instead of being an inconspicuous service which he had
possibly rendered "without knowing its full value." And at this point he
remembered that he couldn't swim anyway.

Ah--THERE was a point which he had been overlooking from the start: it
had to be a service which he had rendered "possibly without knowing the
full value of it." Why, really, that ought to be an easy hunt--much easier
than those others. And sure enough, by-and- by he found it. Goodson, years
and years ago, came near marrying a very sweet and pretty girl, named
Nancy Hewitt, but in some way or other the match had been broken off; the
girl died, Goodson remained a bachelor, and by-and-by became a soured
one and a frank despiser of the human species. Soon after the girl's death
the village found out, or thought it had found out, that she carried a
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 29

spoonful of negro blood in her veins. Richards worked at these details a

good while, and in the end he thought he remembered things concerning
them which must have gotten mislaid in his memory through long neglect.
He seemed to dimly remember that it was HE that found out about the
negro blood; that it was he that told the village; that the village told
Goodson where they got it; that he thus saved Goodson from marrying the
tainted girl; that he had done him this great service "without knowing the
full value of it," in fact without knowing that he WAS doing it; but that
Goodson knew the value of it, and what a narrow escape he had had, and so
went to his grave grateful to his benefactor and wishing he had a fortune to
leave him. It was all clear and simple, now, and the more he went over it
the more luminous and certain it grew; and at last, when he nestled to sleep,
satisfied and happy, he remembered the whole thing just as if it had been
yesterday. In fact, he dimly remembered Goodson's TELLING him his
gratitude once. Meantime Mary had spent six thousand dollars on a new
house for herself and a pair of slippers for her pastor, and then had fallen
peacefully to rest.

That same Saturday evening the postman had delivered a letter to each of
the other principal citizens--nineteen letters in all. No two of the envelopes
were alike, and no two of the superscriptions were in the same hand, but the
letters inside were just like each other in every detail but one. They were
exact copies of the letter received by Richards--handwriting and all--and
were all signed by Stephenson, but in place of Richards's name each
receiver's own name appeared.

All night long eighteen principal citizens did what their caste- brother
Richards was doing at the same time--they put in their energies trying to
remember what notable service it was that they had unconsciously done
Barclay Goodson. In no case was it a holiday job; still they succeeded.

And while they were at this work, which was difficult, their wives put in
the night spending the money, which was easy. During that one night the
nineteen wives spent an average of seven thousand dollars each out of the
forty thousand in the sack--a hundred and thirty-three thousand altogether.
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 30

Next day there was a surprise for Jack Halliday. He noticed that the faces of
the nineteen chief citizens and their wives bore that expression of peaceful
and holy happiness again. He could not understand it, neither was he able to
invent any remarks about it that could damage it or disturb it. And so it was
his turn to be dissatisfied with life. His private guesses at the reasons for the
happiness failed in all instances, upon examination. When he met Mrs.
Wilcox and noticed the placid ecstasy in her face, he said to himself, "Her
cat has had kittens"--and went and asked the cook; it was not so, the cook
had detected the happiness, but did not know the cause. When Halliday
found the duplicate ecstasy in the face of "Shadbelly" Billson (village
nickname), he was sure some neighbour of Billson's had broken his leg, but
inquiry showed that this had not happened. The subdued ecstasy in Gregory
Yates's face could mean but one thing--he was a mother-in-law short; it was
another mistake. "And Pinkerton--Pinkerton--he has collected ten cents that
he thought he was going to lose." And so on, and so on. In some cases the
guesses had to remain in doubt, in the others they proved distinct errors. In
the end Halliday said to himself, "Anyway it roots up that there's nineteen
Hadleyburg families temporarily in heaven: I don't know how it happened;
I only know Providence is off duty to-day."

An architect and builder from the next State had lately ventured to set up a
small business in this unpromising village, and his sign had now been
hanging out a week. Not a customer yet; he was a discouraged man, and
sorry he had come. But his weather changed suddenly now. First one and
then another chief citizen's wife said to him privately:

"Come to my house Monday week--but say nothing about it for the present.
We think of building."

He got eleven invitations that day. That night he wrote his daughter and
broke off her match with her student. He said she could marry a mile higher
than that.

Pinkerton the banker and two or three other well-to-do men planned
country-seats--but waited. That kind don't count their chickens until they
are hatched.
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 31

The Wilsons devised a grand new thing--a fancy-dress ball. They made no
actual promises, but told all their acquaintanceship in confidence that they
were thinking the matter over and thought they should give it--"and if we
do, you will be invited, of course." People were surprised, and said, one to
another, "Why, they are crazy, those poor Wilsons, they can't afford it."
Several among the nineteen said privately to their husbands, "It is a good
idea, we will keep still till their cheap thing is over, then WE will give one
that will make it sick."

The days drifted along, and the bill of future squanderings rose higher and
higher, wilder and wilder, more and more foolish and reckless. It began to
look as if every member of the nineteen would not only spend his whole
forty thousand dollars before receiving- day, but be actually in debt by the
time he got the money. In some cases light-headed people did not stop with
planning to spend, they really spent--on credit. They bought land,
mortgages, farms, speculative stocks, fine clothes, horses, and various other
things, paid down the bonus, and made themselves liable for the rest--at ten
days. Presently the sober second thought came, and Halliday noticed that a
ghastly anxiety was beginning to show up in a good many faces. Again he
was puzzled, and didn't know what to make of it. "The Wilcox kittens aren't
dead, for they weren't born; nobody's broken a leg; there's no shrinkage in
mother-in-laws; NOTHING has happened--it is an insolvable mystery."

There was another puzzled man, too--the Rev. Mr. Burgess. For days,
wherever he went, people seemed to follow him or to be watching out for
him; and if he ever found himself in a retired spot, a member of the
nineteen would be sure to appear, thrust an envelope privately into his
hand, whisper "To be opened at the town-hall Friday evening," then vanish
away like a guilty thing. He was expecting that there might be one claimant
for the sack--doubtful, however, Goodson being dead--but it never occurred
to him that all this crowd might be claimants. When the great Friday came
at last, he found that he had nineteen envelopes.

Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 32

The town-hall had never looked finer. The platform at the end of it was
backed by a showy draping of flags; at intervals along the walls were
festoons of flags; the gallery fronts were clothed in flags; the supporting
columns were swathed in flags; all this was to impress the stranger, for he
would be there in considerable force, and in a large degree he would be
connected with the press. The house was full. The 412 fixed seats were
occupied; also the 68 extra chairs which had been packed into the aisles;
the steps of the platform were occupied; some distinguished strangers were
given seats on the platform; at the horseshoe of tables which fenced the
front and sides of the platform sat a strong force of special correspondents
who had come from everywhere. It was the best- dressed house the town
had ever produced. There were some tolerably expensive toilets there, and
in several cases the ladies who wore them had the look of being unfamiliar
with that kind of clothes. At least the town thought they had that look, but
the notion could have arisen from the town's knowledge of the fact that
these ladies had never inhabited such clothes before.

The gold-sack stood on a little table at the front of the platform where all
the house could see it. The bulk of the house gazed at it with a burning
interest, a mouth-watering interest, a wistful and pathetic interest; a
minority of nineteen couples gazed at it tenderly, lovingly, proprietarily,
and the male half of this minority kept saying over to themselves the
moving little impromptu speeches of thankfulness for the audience's
applause and congratulations which they were presently going to get up and
deliver. Every now and then one of these got a piece of paper out of his vest
pocket and privately glanced at it to refresh his memory.

Of course there was a buzz of conversation going on--there always is; but at
last, when the Rev. Mr. Burgess rose and laid his hand on the sack, he
could hear his microbes gnaw, the place was so still. He related the curious
history of the sack, then went on to speak in warm terms of Hadleyburg's
old and well-earned reputation for spotless honesty, and of the town's just
pride in this reputation. He said that this reputation was a treasure of
priceless value; that under Providence its value had now become
inestimably enhanced, for the recent episode had spread this fame far and
wide, and thus had focussed the eyes of the American world upon this
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 33

village, and made its name for all time, as he hoped and believed, a
synonym for commercial incorruptibility. [Applause.] "And who is to be
the guardian of this noble fame--the community as a whole? No! The
responsibility is individual, not communal. From this day forth each and
every one of you is in his own person its special guardian, and individually
responsible that no harm shall come to it. Do you- -does each of
you--accept this great trust? [Tumultuous assent.] Then all is well. Transmit
it to your children and to your children's children. To-day your purity is
beyond reproach--see to it that it shall remain so. To-day there is not a
person in your community who could be beguiled to touch a penny not his
own--see to it that you abide in this grace. ["We will! we will!"] This is not
the place to make comparisons between ourselves and other
communities--some of them ungracious towards us; they have their ways,
we have ours; let us be content. [Applause.] I am done. Under my hand, my
friends, rests a stranger's eloquent recognition of what we are; through him
the world will always henceforth know what we are. We do not know who
he is, but in your name I utter your gratitude, and ask you to raise your
voices in indorsement."

The house rose in a body and made the walls quake with the thunders of its
thankfulness for the space of a long minute. Then it sat down, and Mr.
Burgess took an envelope out of his pocket. The house held its breath while
he slit the envelope open and took from it a slip of paper. He read its
contents--slowly and impressively--the audience listening with tranced
attention to this magic document, each of whose words stood for an ingot
of gold:

"'The remark which I made to the distressed stranger was this: "You are
very far from being a bad man; go, and reform."'" Then he continued:- "We
shall know in a moment now whether the remark here quoted corresponds
with the one concealed in the sack; and if that shall prove to be so--and it
undoubtedly will--this sack of gold belongs to a fellow-citizen who will
henceforth stand before the nation as the symbol of the special virtue which
has made our town famous throughout the land--Mr. Billson!"
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 34

The house had gotten itself all ready to burst into the proper tornado of
applause; but instead of doing it, it seemed stricken with a paralysis; there
was a deep hush for a moment or two, then a wave of whispered murmurs
swept the place--of about this tenor: "BILLSON! oh, come, this is TOO
thin! Twenty dollars to a stranger- -or ANYBODY--BILLSON! Tell it to
the marines!" And now at this point the house caught its breath all of a
sudden in a new access of astonishment, for it discovered that whereas in
one part of the hall Deacon Billson was standing up with his head weekly
bowed, in another part of it Lawyer Wilson was doing the same. There was
a wondering silence now for a while. Everybody was puzzled, and nineteen
couples were surprised and indignant.

Billson and Wilson turned and stared at each other. Billson asked, bitingly:

"Why do YOU rise, Mr. Wilson?"

"Because I have a right to. Perhaps you will be good enough to explain to
the house why YOU rise."

"With great pleasure. Because I wrote that paper."

"It is an impudent falsity! I wrote it myself."

It was Burgess's turn to be paralysed. He stood looking vacantly at first one

of the men and then the other, and did not seem to know what to do. The
house was stupefied. Lawyer Wilson spoke up now, and said:

"I ask the Chair to read the name signed to that paper."

That brought the Chair to itself, and it read out the name:

"John Wharton BILLSON."

"There!" shouted Billson, "what have you got to say for yourself now? And
what kind of apology are you going to make to me and to this insulted
house for the imposture which you have attempted to play here?"
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 35

"No apologies are due, sir; and as for the rest of it, I publicly charge you
with pilfering my note from Mr. Burgess and substituting a copy of it
signed with your own name. There is no other way by which you could
have gotten hold of the test-remark; I alone, of living men, possessed the
secret of its wording."

There was likely to be a scandalous state of things if this went on;

everybody noticed with distress that the shorthand scribes were scribbling
like mad; many people were crying "Chair, chair! Order! order!" Burgess
rapped with his gavel, and said:

"Let us not forget the proprieties due. There has evidently been a mistake
somewhere, but surely that is all. If Mr. Wilson gave me an envelope--and I
remember now that he did--I still have it."

He took one out of his pocket, opened it, glanced at it, looked surprised and
worried, and stood silent a few moments. Then he waved his hand in a
wandering and mechanical way, and made an effort or two to say
something, then gave it up, despondently. Several voices cried out:

"Read it! read it! What is it?"

So he began, in a dazed and sleep-walker fashion:

"'The remark which I made to the unhappy stranger was this: "You are far
from being a bad man. [The house gazed at him marvelling.] Go, and
reform."' [Murmurs: "Amazing! what can this mean?"] This one," said the
Chair, "is signed Thurlow G. Wilson."

"There!" cried Wilson, "I reckon that settles it! I knew perfectly well my
note was purloined."

"Purloined!" retorted Billson. "I'll let you know that neither you nor any
man of your kidney must venture to--"

The Chair: "Order, gentlemen, order! Take your seats, both of you, please."
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 36

They obeyed, shaking their heads and grumbling angrily. The house was
profoundly puzzled; it did not know what to do with this curious
emergency. Presently Thompson got up. Thompson was the hatter. He
would have liked to be a Nineteener; but such was not for him; his stock of
hats was not considerable enough for the position. He said:

"Mr. Chairman, if I may be permitted to make a suggestion, can both of

these gentlemen be right? I put it to you, sir, can both have happened to say
the very same words to the stranger? It seems to me--"

The tanner got up and interrupted him. The tanner was a disgruntled man;
he believed himself entitled to be a Nineteener, but he couldn't get
recognition. It made him a little unpleasant in his ways and speech. Said he:

"Sho, THAT'S not the point! THAT could happen--twice in a hundred

years--but not the other thing. NEITHER of them gave the twenty dollars!"
[A ripple of applause.]

Billson. "I did!"

Wilson. "I did!"

Then each accused the other of pilfering.

The Chair. "Order! Sit down, if you please--both of you. Neither of the
notes has been out of my possession at any moment."

A Voice. "Good--that settles THAT!"

The Tanner. "Mr. Chairman, one thing is now plain: one of these men has
been eavesdropping under the other one's bed, and filching family secrets.
If it is not unparliamentary to suggest it, I will remark that both are equal to
it. [The Chair. "Order! order!"] I withdraw the remark, sir, and will confine
myself to suggesting that IF one of them has overheard the other reveal the
test-remark to his wife, we shall catch him now."
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 37

A Voice. "How?"

The Tanner. "Easily. The two have not quoted the remark in exactly the
same words. You would have noticed that, if there hadn't been a
considerable stretch of time and an exciting quarrel inserted between the
two readings."

A Voice. "Name the difference."

The Tanner. "The word VERY is in Billson's note, and not in the other."

Many Voices. "That's so--he's right!"

The Tanner. "And so, if the Chair will examine the test-remark in the sack,
we shall know which of these two frauds--[The Chair. "Order!"]--which of
these two adventurers--[The Chair. "Order! order!"]--which of these two
gentlemen--[laughter and applause]--is entitled to wear the belt as being the
first dishonest blatherskite ever bred in this town--which he has
dishonoured, and which will be a sultry place for him from now out!"
[Vigorous applause.]

Many Voices. "Open it!--open the sack!"

Mr. Burgess made a slit in the sack, slid his hand in, and brought out an
envelope. In it were a couple of folded notes. He said:

"One of these is marked, 'Not to be examined until all written

communications which have been addressed to the Chair--if any--shall have
been read.' The other is marked 'THE TEST.' Allow me. It is worded--to

"'I do not require that the first half of the remark which was made to me by
my benefactor shall be quoted with exactness, for it was not striking, and
could be forgotten; but its closing fifteen words are quite striking, and I
think easily rememberable; unless THESE shall be accurately reproduced,
let the applicant be regarded as an impostor. My benefactor began by
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 38

saying he seldom gave advice to anyone, but that it always bore the
hallmark of high value when he did give it. Then he said this--and it has
never faded from my memory: 'YOU ARE FAR FROM BEING A BAD
MAN- ''"

Fifty Voices. "That settles it--the money's Wilson's! Wilson! Wilson!

Speech! Speech!"

People jumped up and crowded around Wilson, wringing his hand and
congratulating fervently--meantime the Chair was hammering with the
gavel and shouting:

"Order, gentlemen! Order! Order! Let me finish reading, please." When

quiet was restored, the reading was resumed--as follows:



A ghastly silence followed. First an angry cloud began to settle darkly upon
the faces of the citizenship; after a pause the cloud began to rise, and a
tickled expression tried to take its place; tried so hard that it was only kept
under with great and painful difficulty; the reporters, the Brixtonites, and
other strangers bent their heads down and shielded their faces with their
hands, and managed to hold in by main strength and heroic courtesy. At
this most inopportune time burst upon the stillness the roar of a solitary
voice--Jack Halliday's:

"THAT'S got the hall-mark on it!"

Then the house let go, strangers and all. Even Mr. Burgess's gravity broke
down presently, then the audience considered itself officially absolved from
all restraint, and it made the most of its privilege. It was a good long laugh,
and a tempestuously wholehearted one, but it ceased at last--long enough
for Mr. Burgess to try to resume, and for the people to get their eyes
partially wiped; then it broke out again, and afterward yet again; then at last
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 39

Burgess was able to get out these serious words:

"It is useless to try to disguise the fact--we find ourselves in the presence of
a matter of grave import. It involves the honour of your town--it strikes at
the town's good name. The difference of a single word between the
test-remarks offered by Mr. Wilson and Mr. Billson was itself a serious
thing, since it indicated that one or the other of these gentlemen had
committed a theft--"

The two men were sitting limp, nerveless, crushed; but at these words both
were electrified into movement, and started to get up.

"Sit down!" said the Chair, sharply, and they obeyed. "That, as I have said,
was a serious thing. And it was--but for only one of them. But the matter
has become graver; for the honour of BOTH is now in formidable peril.
Shall I go even further, and say in inextricable peril? BOTH left out the
crucial fifteen words." He paused. During several moments he allowed the
pervading stillness to gather and deepen its impressive effects, then added:
"There would seem to be but one way whereby this could happen. I ask
these gentlemen--Was there COLLUSION?--AGREEMENT?"

A low murmur sifted through the house; its import was, "He's got them

Billson was not used to emergencies; he sat in a helpless collapse. But

Wilson was a lawyer. He struggled to his feet, pale and worried, and said:

"I ask the indulgence of the house while I explain this most painful matter. I
am sorry to say what I am about to say, since it must inflict irreparable
injury upon Mr. Billson, whom I have always esteemed and respected until
now, and in whose invulnerability to temptation I entirely believed--as did
you all. But for the preservation of my own honour I must speak--and with
frankness. I confess with shame--and I now beseech your pardon for it--that
I said to the ruined stranger all of the words contained in the test- remark,
including the disparaging fifteen. [Sensation.] When the late publication
was made I recalled them, and I resolved to claim the sack of coin, for by
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 40

every right I was entitled to it. Now I will ask you to consider this point,
and weigh it well; that stranger's gratitude to me that night knew no bounds;
he said himself that he could find no words for it that were adequate, and
that if he should ever be able he would repay me a thousandfold. Now,
then, I ask you this; could I expect--could I believe--could I even remotely
imagine--that, feeling as he did, he would do so ungrateful a thing as to add
those quite unnecessary fifteen words to his test?--set a trap for
me?--expose me as a slanderer of my own town before my own people
assembled in a public hall? It was preposterous; it was impossible. His test
would contain only the kindly opening clause of my remark. Of that I had
no shadow of doubt. You would have thought as I did. You would not have
expected a base betrayal from one whom you had befriended and against
whom you had committed no offence. And so with perfect confidence,
perfect trust, I wrote on a piece of paper the opening words--ending with
"Go, and reform," --and signed it. When I was about to put it in an envelope
I was called into my back office, and without thinking I left the paper lying
open on my desk." He stopped, turned his head slowly toward Billson,
waited a moment, then added: "I ask you to note this; when I returned, a
little latter, Mr. Billson was retiring by my street door." [Sensation.]

In a moment Billson was on his feet and shouting:

"It's a lie! It's an infamous lie!"

The Chair. "Be seated, sir! Mr. Wilson has the floor."

Billson's friends pulled him into his seat and quieted him, and Wilson went

"Those are the simple facts. My note was now lying in a different place on
the table from where I had left it. I noticed that, but attached no importance
to it, thinking a draught had blown it there. That Mr. Billson would read a
private paper was a thing which could not occur to me; he was an
honourable man, and he would be above that. If you will allow me to say it,
I think his extra word 'VERY' stands explained: it is attributable to a defect
of memory. I was the only man in the world who could furnish here any
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 41

detail of the test-mark--by HONOURABLE means. I have finished."

There is nothing in the world like a persuasive speech to fuddle the mental
apparatus and upset the convictions and debauch the emotions of an
audience not practised in the tricks and delusions of oratory. Wilson sat
down victorious. The house submerged him in tides of approving applause;
friends swarmed to him and shook him by the hand and congratulated him,
and Billson was shouted down and not allowed to say a word. The Chair
hammered and hammered with its gavel, and kept shouting:

"But let us proceed, gentlemen, let us proceed!"

At last there was a measurable degree of quiet, and the hatter said:

"But what is there to proceed with, sir, but to deliver the money?"

Voices. "That's it! That's it! Come forward, Wilson!"

The Hatter. "I move three cheers for Mr. Wilson, Symbol of the special
virtue which--"

The cheers burst forth before he could finish; and in the midst of them--and
in the midst of the clamour of the gavel also--some enthusiasts mounted
Wilson on a big friend's shoulder and were going to fetch him in triumph to
the platform. The Chair's voice now rose above the noise:

"Order! To your places! You forget that there is still a document to be

read." When quiet had been restored he took up the document, and was
going to read it, but laid it down again saying "I forgot; this is not to be
read until all written communications received by me have first been read."
He took an envelope out of his pocket, removed its enclosure, glanced at
it--seemed astonished--held it out and gazed at it--stared at it.

Twenty or thirty voices cried out

"What is it? Read it! read it!"

Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 42

And he did--slowly, and wondering:

"'The remark which I made to the stranger--[Voices. "Hello! how's

this?"]--was this: 'You are far from being a bad man. [Voices. "Great
Scott!"] Go, and reform.'" [Voice. "Oh, saw my leg off!"] Signed by Mr.
Pinkerton the banker."

The pandemonium of delight which turned itself loose now was of a sort to
make the judicious weep. Those whose withers were unwrung laughed till
the tears ran down; the reporters, in throes of laughter, set down disordered
pot-hooks which would never in the world be decipherable; and a sleeping
dog jumped up scared out of its wits, and barked itself crazy at the turmoil.
All manner of cries were scattered through the din: "We're getting
rich--TWO Symbols of Incorruptibility!--without counting Billson!"
"THREE!-- count Shadbelly in--we can't have too many!" "All
right--Billson's elected!" "Alas, poor Wilson! victim of TWO thieves!"

A Powerful Voice. "Silence! The Chair's fished up something more out of

its pocket."

Voices. "Hurrah! Is it something fresh? Read it! read! read!"

The Chair [reading]. "'The remark which I made,' etc. 'You are far from
being a bad man. Go,' etc. Signed, 'Gregory Yates.'"

Tornado of Voices. "Four Symbols!" "'Rah for Yates!" "Fish again!"

The house was in a roaring humour now, and ready to get all the fun out of
the occasion that might be in it. Several Nineteeners, looking pale and
distressed, got up and began to work their way towards the aisles, but a
score of shouts went up:

"The doors, the doors--close the doors; no Incorruptible shall leave this
place! Sit down, everybody!" The mandate was obeyed.

"Fish again! Read! read!"

Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 43

The Chair fished again, and once more the familiar words began to fall
from its lips--"'You are far from being a bad man--'"

"Name! name! What's his name?"

"'L. Ingoldsby Sargent.'"

"Five elected! Pile up the Symbols! Go on, go on!"

"'You are far from being a bad--'"

"Name! name!"

"'Nicholas Whitworth.'"

"Hooray! hooray! it's a symbolical day!"

Somebody wailed in, and began to sing this rhyme (leaving out "it's") to the
lovely "Mikado" tune of "When a man's afraid of a beautiful maid;" the
audience joined in, with joy; then, just in time, somebody contributed
another line -

"And don't you this forget--"

The house roared it out. A third line was at once furnished -

"Corruptibles far from Hadleyburg are--"

The house roared that one too. As the last note died, Jack Halliday's voice
rose high and clear, freighted with a final line -

"But the Symbols are here, you bet!"

That was sung, with booming enthusiasm. Then the happy house started in
at the beginning and sang the four lines through twice, with immense swing
and dash, and finished up with a crashing three- times-three and a tiger for
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 44

"Hadleyburg the Incorruptible and all Symbols of it which we shall find

worthy to receive the hall-mark to-night."

Then the shoutings at the Chair began again, all over the place:

"Go on! go on! Read! read some more! Read all you've got!"

"That's it--go on! We are winning eternal celebrity!"

A dozen men got up now and began to protest. They said that this farce was
the work of some abandoned joker, and was an insult to the whole
community. Without a doubt these signatures were all forgeries -

"Sit down! sit down! Shut up! You are confessing. We'll find your names in
the lot."

"Mr. Chairman, how many of those envelopes have you got?"

The Chair counted.

"Together with those that have been already examined, there are nineteen."

A storm of derisive applause broke out.

"Perhaps they all contain the secret. I move that you open them all and read
every signature that is attached to a note of that sort-- and read also the first
eight words of the note."

"Second the motion!"

It was put and carried--uproariously. Then poor old Richards got up, and
his wife rose and stood at his side. Her head was bent down, so that none
might see that she was crying. Her husband gave her his arm, and so
supporting her, he began to speak in a quavering voice:
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 45

"My friends, you have known us two--Mary and me--all our lives, and I
think you have liked us and respected us--"

The Chair interrupted him:

"Allow me. It is quite true--that which you are saying, Mr. Richards; this
town DOES know you two; it DOES like you; it DOES respect you;
more--it honours you and LOVES you--"

Halliday's voice rang out:

"That's the hall-marked truth, too! If the Chair is right, let the house speak
up and say it. Rise! Now, then--hip! hip! hip!--all together!"

The house rose in mass, faced toward the old couple eagerly, filled the air
with a snow-storm of waving handkerchiefs, and delivered the cheers with
all its affectionate heart.

The Chair then continued:

"What I was going to say is this: We know your good heart, Mr. Richards,
but this is not a time for the exercise of charity toward offenders. [Shouts of
"Right! right!"] I see your generous purpose in your face, but I cannot allow
you to plead for these men--"

"But I was going to--"

"Please take your seat, Mr. Richards. We must examine the rest of these
notes--simple fairness to the men who have already been exposed requires
this. As soon as that has been done--I give you my word for this--you shall
he heard."

Many voices. "Right!--the Chair is right--no interruption can be permitted

at this stage! Go on!--the names! the names!--according to the terms of the
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 46

The old couple sat reluctantly down, and the husband whispered to the
wife, "It is pitifully hard to have to wait; the shame will be greater than ever
when they find we were only going to plead for OURSELVES."

Straightway the jollity broke loose again with the reading of the names.

"'You are far from being a bad man--' Signature, 'Robert J. Titmarsh.'"

'"You are far from being a bad man--' Signature, 'Eliphalet Weeks.'"

"'You are far from being a bad man--' Signature, 'Oscar B. Wilder.'"

At this point the house lit upon the idea of taking the eight words out of the
Chairman's hands. He was not unthankful for that. Thenceforward he held
up each note in its turn and waited. The house droned out the eight words in
a massed and measured and musical deep volume of sound (with a daringly
close resemblance to a well-known church chant)--"You are f-a-r from
being a b-a-a-a-d man." Then the Chair said, "Signature, 'Archibald
Wilcox.'" And so on, and so on, name after name, and everybody had an
increasingly and gloriously good time except the wretched Nineteen. Now
and then, when a particularly shining name was called, the house made the
Chair wait while it chanted the whole of the test-remark from the beginning
to the closing words, "And go to hell or Hadleyburg-- try and make it the
for-or-m-e-r!" and in these special cases they added a grand and agonised
and imposing "A-a-a-a-MEN!"

The list dwindled, dwindled, dwindled, poor old Richards keeping tally of
the count, wincing when a name resembling his own was pronounced, and
waiting in miserable suspense for the time to come when it would be his
humiliating privilege to rise with Mary and finish his plea, which he was
intending to word thus: ". . . for until now we have never done any wrong
thing, but have gone our humble way unreproached. We are very poor, we
are old, and, have no chick nor child to help us; we were sorely tempted,
and we fell. It was my purpose when I got up before to make confession
and beg that my name might not be read out in this public place, for it
seemed to us that we could not bear it; but I was prevented. It was just; it
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 47

was our place to suffer with the rest. It has been hard for us. It is the first
time we have ever heard our name fall from any one's lips--sullied. Be
merciful--for the sake or the better days; make our shame as light to bear as
in your charity you can." At this point in his reverie Mary nudged him,
perceiving that his mind was absent. The house was chanting, "You are
f-a-r," etc.

"Be ready," Mary whispered. "Your name comes now; he has read

The chant ended.

"Next! next! next!" came volleying from all over the house.

Burgess put his hand into his pocket. The old couple, trembling, began to
rise. Burgess fumbled a moment, then said:

"I find I have read them all."

Faint with joy and surprise, the couple sank into their seats, and Mary

"Oh, bless God, we are saved!--he has lost ours--I wouldn't give this for a
hundred of those sacks!"

The house burst out with its "Mikado" travesty, and sang it three times with
ever-increasing enthusiasm, rising to its feet when it reached for the third
time the closing line -

"But the Symbols are here, you bet!"

and finishing up with cheers and a tiger for "Hadleyburg purity and our
eighteen immortal representatives of it."

Then Wingate, the saddler, got up and proposed cheers "for the cleanest
man in town, the one solitary important citizen in it who didn't try to steal
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 48

that money--Edward Richards."

They were given with great and moving heartiness; then somebody
proposed that "Richards be elected sole Guardian and Symbol of the now
Sacred Hadleyburg Tradition, with power and right to stand up and look the
whole sarcastic world in the face."

Passed, by acclamation; then they sang the "Mikado" again, and ended it
with -

"And there's ONE Symbol left, you bet!"

There was a pause; then -

A Voice. "Now, then, who's to get the sack?"

The Tanner (with bitter sarcasm). "That's easy. The money has to be
divided among the eighteen Incorruptibles. They gave the suffering
stranger twenty dollars apiece--and that remark--each in his turn--it took
twenty-two minutes for the procession to move past. Staked the
stranger--total contribution, $360. All they want is just the loan back--and
interest--forty thousand dollars altogether."

Many Voices [derisively.] "That's it! Divvy! divvy! Be kind to the

poor--don't keep them waiting!"

The Chair. "Order! I now offer the stranger's remaining document. It says:
'If no claimant shall appear [grand chorus of groans], I desire that you open
the sack and count out the money to the principal citizens of your town,
they to take it in trust [Cries of "Oh! Oh! Oh!"], and use it in such ways as
to them shall seem best for the propagation and preservation of your
community's noble reputation for incorruptible honesty [more cries]--a
reputation to which their names and their efforts will add a new and
far-reaching lustre." [Enthusiastic outburst of sarcastic applause.] That
seems to be all. No--here is a postscript:
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 49

"'P.S.--CITIZENS OF HADLEYBURG: There IS no test-remark--nobody

made one. [Great sensation.] There wasn't any pauper stranger, nor any
twenty-dollar contribution, nor any accompanying benediction and
compliment--these are all inventions. [General buzz and hum of
astonishment and delight.] Allow me to tell my story--it will take but a
word or two. I passed through your town at a certain time, and received a
deep offence which I had not earned. Any other man would have been
content to kill one or two of you and call it square, but to me that would
have been a trivial revenge, and inadequate; for the dead do not SUFFER.
Besides I could not kill you all--and, anyway, made as I am, even that
would not have satisfied me. I wanted to damage every man in the place,
and every woman--and not in their bodies or in their estate, but in their
vanity--the place where feeble and foolish people are most vulnerable. So I
disguised myself and came back and studied you. You were easy game.
You had an old and lofty reputation for honesty, and naturally you were
proud of it--it was your treasure of treasures, the very apple of your eye. As
soon as I found out that you carefully and vigilantly kept yourselves and
your children OUT OF TEMPTATION, I knew how to proceed. Why, you
simple creatures, the weakest of all weak things is a virtue which has not
been tested in the fire. I laid a plan, and gathered a list of names. My
project was to corrupt Hadleyburg the Incorruptible. My idea was to make
liars and thieves of nearly half a hundred smirchless men and women who
had never in their lives uttered a lie or stolen a penny. I was afraid of
Goodson. He was neither born nor reared in Hadleyburg. I was afraid that if
I started to operate my scheme by getting my letter laid before you, you
would say to yourselves, 'Goodson is the only man among us who would
give away twenty dollars to a poor devil'-- and then you might not bite at
my bait. But heaven took Goodson; then I knew I was safe, and I set my
trap and baited it. It may be that I shall not catch all the men to whom I
mailed the pretended test-secret, but I shall catch the most of them, if I
know Hadleyburg nature. [Voices. "Right--he got every last one of them."]
I believe they will even steal ostensible GAMBLE-money, rather than miss,
poor, tempted, and mistrained fellows. I am hoping to eternally and
everlastingly squelch your vanity and give Hadleyburg a new renown--one
that will STICK--and spread far. If I have succeeded, open the sack and
summon the Committee on Propagation and Preservation of the Hadleyburg
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 50


A Cyclone of Voices. "Open it! Open it! The Eighteen to the front!
Committee on Propagation of the Tradition! Forward--the Incorruptibles!"

The Chair ripped the sack wide, and gathered up a handful of bright, broad,
yellow coins, shook them together, then examined them.

"Friends, they are only gilded disks of lead!"

There was a crashing outbreak of delight over this news, and when the
noise had subsided, the tanner called out:

"By right of apparent seniority in this business, Mr. Wilson is Chairman of

the Committee on Propagation of the Tradition. I suggest that he step
forward on behalf of his pals, and receive in trust the money."

A Hundred Voices. "Wilson! Wilson! Wilson! Speech! Speech!"

Wilson [in a voice trembling with anger]. "You will allow me to say, and
without apologies for my language, DAMN the money!"

A Voice. "Oh, and him a Baptist!"

A Voice. "Seventeen Symbols left! Step up, gentlemen, and assume your

There was a pause--no response.

The Saddler. "Mr. Chairman, we've got ONE clean man left, anyway, out
of the late aristocracy; and he needs money, and deserves it. I move that
you appoint Jack Halliday to get up there and auction off that sack of gilt
twenty-dollar pieces, and give the result to the right man--the man whom
Hadleyburg delights to honour--Edward Richards."
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 51

This was received with great enthusiasm, the dog taking a hand again; the
saddler started the bids at a dollar, the Brixton folk and Barnum's
representative fought hard for it, the people cheered every jump that the
bids made, the excitement climbed moment by moment higher and higher,
the bidders got on their mettle and grew steadily more and more daring,
more and more determined, the jumps went from a dollar up to five, then to
ten, then to twenty, then fifty, then to a hundred, then -

At the beginning of the auction Richards whispered in distress to his wife:

"Oh, Mary, can we allow it? It--it --you see, it is an honour--reward, a
testimonial to purity of character, and--and--can we allow it? Hadn't I better
get up and--Oh, Mary, what ought we to do?--what do you think we--"
[Halliday's voice. "Fifteen I'm bid!-- fifteen for the sack!--twenty!--ah,
thanks!--thirty--thanks again! Thirty, thirty, thirty!--do I hear forty?--forty
it is! Keep the ball rolling, gentlemen, keep it rolling!--fifty! --thanks, noble
Roman!--going at fifty, fifty, fifty!--seventy! --ninety!-- splendid!--a
hundred!--pile it up, pile it up!--hundred and twenty-- forty!--just in
time!--hundred and fifty!--Two hundred!--superb! Do I hear two h--thanks!
--two hundred and fifty!--"]

"It is another temptation, Edward--I'm all in a tremble --but, oh, we've

escaped one temptation, and that ought to warn us, to--["Six did I
hear?--thanks!--six fifty, six f--SEVEN hundred!"] And yet, Edward, when
you think--nobody susp--["Eight hundred dollars!-- hurrah!--make it
nine!--Mr. Parsons, did I hear you say--thanks!-- nine!--this noble sack of
virgin lead going at only nine hundred dollars, gilding and all-- come! do I
hear--a thousand!--gratefully yours!--did some one say eleven?--a sack
which is going to be the most celebrated in the whole Uni--"] "Oh, Edward"
(beginning to sob), "we are so poor!--but--but--do as you think best--do as
you think best."

Edward fell--that is, he sat still; sat with a conscience which was not
satisfied, but which was overpowered by circumstances.

Meantime a stranger, who looked like an amateur detective gotten up as an

impossible English earl, had been watching the evening's proceedings with
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 52

manifest interest, and with a contented expression in his face; and he had
been privately commenting to himself. He was now soliloquising somewhat
like this: 'None of the Eighteen are bidding; that is not satisfactory; I must
change that--the dramatic unities require it; they must buy the sack they
tried to steal; they must pay a heavy price, too--some of them are rich. And
another thing, when I make a mistake in Hadleyburg nature the man that
puts that error upon me is entitled to a high honorarium, and some one must
pay. This poor old Richards has brought my judgment to shame; he is an
honest man:--I don't understand it, but I acknowledge it. Yes, he saw my
deuces--AND with a straight flush, and by rights the pot is his. And it shall
be a jack-pot, too, if I can manage it. He disappointed me, but let that pass."

He was watching the bidding. At a thousand, the market broke: the prices
tumbled swiftly. He waited--and still watched. One competitor dropped out;
then another, and another. He put in a bid or two now. When the bids had
sunk to ten dollars, he added a five; some one raised him a three; he waited
a moment, then flung in a fifty-dollar jump, and the sack was his--at
$1,282. The house broke out in cheers--then stopped; for he was on his feet,
and had lifted his hand. He began to speak.

"I desire to say a word, and ask a favour. I am a speculator in rarities, and I
have dealings with persons interested in numismatics all over the world. I
can make a profit on this purchase, just as it stands; but there is a way, if I
can get your approval, whereby I can make every one of these leaden
twenty-dollar pieces worth its face in gold, and perhaps more. Grant me
that approval, and I will give part of my gains to your Mr. Richards, whose
invulnerable probity you have so justly and so cordially recognised tonight;
his share shall be ten thousand dollars, and I will hand him the money
to-morrow. [Great applause from the house. But the "invulnerable probity"
made the Richardses blush prettily; however, it went for modesty, and did
no harm.] If you will pass my proposition by a good majority--I would like
a two-thirds vote--I will regard that as the town's consent, and that is all I
ask. Rarities are always helped by any device which will rouse curiosity
and compel remark. Now if I may have your permission to stamp upon the
faces of each of these ostensible coins the names of the eighteen gentlemen
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 53

Nine-tenths of the audience were on their feet in a moment--dog and

all--and the proposition was carried with a whirlwind of approving
applause and laughter.

They sat down, and all the Symbols except "Dr." Clay Harkness got up,
violently protesting against the proposed outrage, and threatening to -

"I beg you not to threaten me," said the stranger calmly. "I know my legal
rights, and am not accustomed to being frightened at bluster." [Applause.]
He sat down. "Dr." Harkness saw an opportunity here. He was one of the
two very rich men of the place, and Pinkerton was the other. Harkness was
proprietor of a mint; that is to say, a popular patent medicine. He was
running for the Legislature on one ticket, and Pinkerton on the other. It was
a close race and a hot one, and getting hotter every day. Both had strong
appetites for money; each had bought a great tract of land, with a purpose;
there was going to be a new railway, and each wanted to be in the
Legislature and help locate the route to his own advantage; a single vote
might make the decision, and with it two or three fortunes. The stake was
large, and Harkness was a daring speculator. He was sitting close to the
stranger. He leaned over while one or another of the other Symbols was
entertaining the house with protests and appeals, and asked, in a whisper,

"What is your price for the sack?"

"Forty thousand dollars."

"I'll give you twenty."




"Say thirty."
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 54

"The price is forty thousand dollars; not a penny less."

"All right, I'll give it. I will come to the hotel at ten in the morning. I don't
want it known; will see you privately."

"Very good." Then the stranger got up and said to the house:

"I find it late. The speeches of these gentlemen are not without merit, not
without interest, not without grace; yet if I may he excused I will take my
leave. I thank you for the great favour which you have shown me in
granting my petition. I ask the Chair to keep the sack for me until
to-morrow, and to hand these three five- hundred-dollar notes to Mr.
Richards." They were passed up to the Chair.

"At nine I will call for the sack, and at eleven will deliver the rest of the ten
thousand to Mr. Richards in person at his home. Good-night."

Then he slipped out, and left the audience making a vast noise, which was
composed of a mixture of cheers, the "Mikado" song, dog- disapproval, and
the chant, "You are f-a-r from being a b-a-a-d man- -a-a-a a-men!"


At home the Richardses had to endure congratulations and compliments

until midnight. Then they were left to themselves. They looked a little sad,
and they sat silent and thinking. Finally Mary sighed and said:

"Do you think we are to blame, Edward--MUCH to blame?" and her eyes
wandered to the accusing triplet of big bank-notes lying on the table, where
the congratulators had been gloating over them and reverently fingering
them. Edward did not answer at once; then he brought out a sigh and said,

"We--we couldn't help it, Mary. It--well it was ordered. ALL things are."
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 55

Mary glanced up and looked at him steadily, but he didn't return the look.
Presently she said:

"I thought congratulations and praises always tasted good. But--it seems to
me, now-- Edward?"


"Are you going to stay in the bank?"



"In the morning--by note."

"It does seem best."

Richards bowed his head in his hands and muttered:

"Before I was not afraid to let oceans of people's money pour through my
hands, but-- Mary, I am so tired, so tired--"

"We will go to bed."

At nine in the morning the stranger called for the sack and took it to the
hotel in a cab. At ten Harkness had a talk with him privately. The stranger
asked for and got five cheques on a metropolitan bank--drawn to
"Bearer,"--four for $1,500 each, and one for $34,000. He put one of the
former in his pocket-book, and the remainder, representing $38,500, he put
in an envelope, and with these he added a note which he wrote after
Harkness was gone. At eleven he called at the Richards' house and
knocked. Mrs. Richards peeped through the shutters, then went and
received the envelope, and the stranger disappeared without a word. She
came back flushed and a little unsteady on her legs, and gasped out:
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 56

"I am sure I recognised him! Last night it seemed to me that maybe I had
seen him somewhere before."

"He is the man that brought the sack here?"

"I am almost sure of it."

"Then he is the ostensible Stephenson too, and sold every important citizen
in this town with his bogus secret. Now if he has sent cheques instead of
money, we are sold too, after we thought we had escaped. I was beginning
to feel fairly comfortable once more, after my night's rest, but the look of
that envelope makes me sick. It isn't fat enough; $8,500 in even the largest
bank-notes makes more bulk than that."

"Edward, why do you object to cheques?"

"Cheques signed by Stephenson! I am resigned to take the $8,500 if it could

come in bank-notes--for it does seem that it was so ordered, Mary--but I
have never had much courage, and I have not the pluck to try to market a
cheque signed with that disastrous name. It would be a trap. That man tried
to catch me; we escaped somehow or other; and now he is trying a new
way. If it is cheques--"

"Oh, Edward, it is TOO bad!" And she held up the cheques and began to

"Put them in the fire! quick! we mustn't be tempted. It is a trick to make the
world laugh at US, along with the rest, and-- Give them to ME, since you
can't do it!" He snatched them and tried to hold his grip till he could get to
the stove; but he was human, he was a cashier, and he stopped a moment to
make sure of the signature. Then he came near to fainting.

"Fan me, Mary, fan me! They are the same as gold!"

"Oh, how lovely, Edward! Why?"

Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 57

"Signed by Harkness. What can the mystery of that be, Mary?"

"Edward, do you think--"

"Look here--look at this! Fifteen--fifteen--fifteen--thirty-four. Thirty-eight

thousand five hundred! Mary, the sack isn't worth twelve dollars, and
Harkness--apparently--has paid about par for it."

"And does it all come to us, do you think--instead of the ten thousand?"

"Why, it looks like it. And the cheques are made to 'Bearer,' too."

"Is that good, Edward? What is it for?"

"A hint to collect them at some distant bank, I reckon. Perhaps Harkness
doesn't want the matter known. What is that--a note?"

"Yes. It was with the cheques."

It was in the "Stephenson" handwriting, but there was no signature. It said:

"I am a disappointed man. Your honesty is beyond the reach of temptation.

I had a different idea about it, but I wronged you in that, and I beg pardon,
and do it sincerely. I honour you--and that is sincere too. This town is not
worthy to kiss the hem of your garment. Dear sir, I made a square bet with
myself that there were nineteen debauchable men in your self-righteous
community. I have lost. Take the whole pot, you are entitled to it."

Richards drew a deep sigh, and said:

"It seems written with fire--it burns so. Mary--I am miserable again."

"I, too. Ah, dear, I wish--"

"To think, Mary--he BELIEVES in me."

Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 58

"Oh, don't, Edward--I can't bear it."

"If those beautiful words were deserved, Mary--and God knows I believed I
deserved them once--I think I could give the forty thousand dollars for
them. And I would put that paper away, as representing more than gold and
jewels, and keep it always. But now-- We could not live in the shadow of
its accusing presence, Mary."

He put it in the fire.

A messenger arrived and delivered an envelope. Richards took from it a

note and read it; it was from Burgess:

"You saved me, in a difficult time. I saved you last night. It was at cost of a
lie, but I made the sacrifice freely, and out of a grateful heart. None in this
village knows so well as I know how brave and good and noble you are. At
bottom you cannot respect me, knowing as you do of that matter of which I
am accused, and by the general voice condemned; but I beg that you will at
least believe that I am a grateful man; it will help me to bear my burden.
[Signed] 'BURGESS.'"

"Saved, once more. And on such terms!" He put the note in the lire. "I--I
wish I were dead, Mary, I wish I were out of it all!"

"Oh, these are bitter, bitter days, Edward. The stabs, through their very
generosity, are so deep--and they come so fast!"

Three days before the election each of two thousand voters suddenly found
himself in possession of a prized memento--one of the renowned bogus
double-eagles. Around one of its faces was stamped these words: "THE
other face was stamped these: "GO, AND REFORM. [SIGNED]
PINKERTON." Thus the entire remaining refuse of the renowned joke was
emptied upon a single head, and with calamitous effect. It revived the
recent vast laugh and concentrated it upon Pinkerton; and Harkness's
election was a walk-over.
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 59

Within twenty-four hours after the Richardses had received their cheques
their consciences were quieting down, discouraged; the old couple were
learning to reconcile themselves to the sin which they had committed. But
they were to learn, now, that a sin takes on new and real terrors when there
seems a chance that it is going to be found out. This gives it a fresh and
most substantial and important aspect. At church the morning sermon was
of the usual pattern; it was the same old things said in the same old way;
they had heard them a thousand times and found them innocuous, next to
meaningless, and easy to sleep under; but now it was different: the sermon
seemed to bristle with accusations; it seemed aimed straight and specially at
people who were concealing deadly sins. After church they got away from
the mob of congratulators as soon as they could, and hurried homeward,
chilled to the bone at they did not know what- -vague, shadowy, indefinite
fears. And by chance they caught a glimpse of Mr. Burgess as he turned a
corner. He paid no attention to their nod of recognition! He hadn't seen it;
but they did not know that. What could his conduct mean? It might
mean--it might-- mean--oh, a dozen dreadful things. Was it possible that he
knew that Richards could have cleared him of guilt in that bygone time, and
had been silently waiting for a chance to even up accounts? At home, in
their distress they got to imagining that their servant might have been in the
next room listening when Richards revealed the secret to his wife that he
knew of Burgess's innocence; next Richards began to imagine that he had
heard the swish of a gown in there at that time; next, he was sure he HAD
heard it. They would call Sarah in, on a pretext, and watch her face; if she
had been betraying them to Mr. Burgess, it would show in her manner.
They asked her some questions--questions which were so random and
incoherent and seemingly purposeless that the girl felt sure that the old
people's minds had been affected by their sudden good fortune; the sharp
and watchful gaze which they bent upon her frightened her, and that
completed the business. She blushed, she became nervous and confused,
and to the old people these were plain signs of guilt--guilt of some fearful
sort or other--without doubt she was a spy and a traitor. When they were
alone again they began to piece many unrelated things together and get
horrible results out of the combination. When things had got about to the
worst Richards was delivered of a sudden gasp and his wife asked:
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 60

"Oh, what is it?--what is it?"

"The note--Burgess's note! Its language was sarcastic, I see it now." He

quoted: "'At bottom you cannot respect me, KNOWING, as you do, of
THAT MATTER OF which I am accused'--oh, it is perfectly plain, now,
God help me! He knows that I know! You see the ingenuity of the phrasing.
It was a trap--and like a fool, I walked into it. And Mary--!"

"Oh, it is dreadful--I know what you are going to say --he didn't return your
transcript of the pretended test-remark."

"No--kept it to destroy us with. Mary, he has exposed us to some already. I

know it--I know it well. I saw it in a dozen faces after church. Ah, he
wouldn't answer our nod of recognition--he knew what he had been doing!"

In the night the doctor was called. The news went around in the morning
that the old couple were rather seriously ill--prostrated by the exhausting
excitement growing out of their great windfall, the congratulations, and the
late hours, the doctor said. The town was sincerely distressed; for these old
people were about all it had left to be proud of, now.

Two days later the news was worse. The old couple were delirious, and
were doing strange things. By witness of the nurses, Richards had exhibited
cheques--for $8,500? No--for an amazing sum--$38,500! What could be the
explanation of this gigantic piece of luck?

The following day the nurses had more news--and wonderful. They had
concluded to hide the cheques, lest harm come to them; but when they
searched they were gone from under the patient's pillow--vanished away.
The patient said:

"Let the pillow alone; what do you want?"

"We thought it best that the cheques--"

Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 61

"You will never see them again--they are destroyed. They came from Satan.
I saw the hell-brand on them, and I knew they were sent to betray me to
sin." Then he fell to gabbling strange and dreadful things which were not
clearly understandable, and which the doctor admonished them to keep to

Richards was right; the cheques were never seen again.

A nurse must have talked in her sleep, for within two days the forbidden
gabblings were the property of the town; and they were of a surprising sort.
They seemed to indicate that Richards had been a claimant for the sack
himself, and that Burgess had concealed that fact and then maliciously
betrayed it.

Burgess was taxed with this and stoutly denied it. And he said it was not
fair to attach weight to the chatter of a sick old man who was out of his
mind. Still, suspicion was in the air, and there was much talk.

After a day or two it was reported that Mrs. Richards's delirious deliveries
were getting to be duplicates of her husband's. Suspicion flamed up into
conviction, now, and the town's pride in the purity of its one undiscredited
important citizen began to dim down and flicker toward extinction.

Six days passed, then came more news. The old couple were dying.
Richards's mind cleared in his latest hour, and he sent for Burgess. Burgess

"Let the room be cleared. I think he wishes to say something in privacy."

"No!" said Richards; "I want witnesses. I want you all to hear my
confession, so that I may die a man, and not a dog. I was clean--
artificially--like the rest; and like the rest I fell when temptation came. I
signed a lie, and claimed the miserable sack. Mr. Burgess remembered that
I had done him a service, and in gratitude (and ignorance) he suppressed
my claim and saved me. You know the thing that was charged against
Burgess years ago. My testimony, and mine alone, could have cleared him,
Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor 62

and I was a coward and left him to suffer disgrace--"

"No--no--Mr. Richards, you--"

"My servant betrayed my secret to him--"

"No one has betrayed anything to me--"

- "And then he did a natural and justifiable thing; he repented of the saving
kindness which he had done me, and he EXPOSED me--as I deserved--"

"Never!--I make oath--"

"Out of my heart I forgive him."

Burgess's impassioned protestations fell upon deaf ears; the dying man
passed away without knowing that once more he had done poor Burgess a
wrong. The old wife died that night.

The last of the sacred Nineteen had fallen a prey to the fiendish sack; the
town was stripped of the last rag of its ancient glory. Its mourning was not
showy, but it was deep.

By act of the Legislature--upon prayer and petition--Hadleyburg was

allowed to change its name to (never mind what--I will not give it away),
and leave one word out of the motto that for many generations had graced
the town's official seal.

It is an honest town once more, and the man will have to rise early that
catches it napping again.

End of the Project Gutenberg eText The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg

Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg

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