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11 Nov 2011 11:12:36

REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAM DESIGN (NZS 3101-95)

Material Properties Concrete strength, f_c 30 MPa

Concrete stress block factors, _1 if 0.85 0.004 0.75 else if 0.85 0.004 0.85 else 0.85 0.004 f_c MPa 55 --> 0.65 _1 0.85 f_c MPa 55 0.85 f_c MPa 55 0.75

_1

if 0.85 0.008 0.65 else

f_c MPa

30

if 0.85 0.008 0.85 else 0.85 0.008

f_c MPa

30

0.85

f_c MPa

30

-->

_1

0.85

Steel bars yield strength, f_y f_ys 400 MPa 240 MPa

Modulus of elasticity of steel reinforcement, E_s 200000 MPa

Beam Dimensions Width, b_w 400 mm

Depth, h 400 mm

Concrete cover, c_v 30 mm

Main bars diameter, D_b 22 mm

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11 Nov 2011 11:12:36


Strirrup bars diameter, d_b 10 mm

Effective depth, Tension steel (assumed as one layer), d h c_v d_b D_b 2 --> d 349 mm

adjust and overwrites for steel bars if more than one layer, d 300 mm

Compression steel, d_p c_v d_b D_b 2 --> d_p 51 mm

adjust and overwrites for steel bars if more than one layer, d_p 51 mm

D e s i g n

f o r

F l e x u r e

Factored negative or positive moment, M_u 300 kN m

Strength reduction factors for bending, _b 0.85

Depth of the compression block, a d d 2 2 M_u _1 f_c _b b_w --> a 155.792 mm

Neutral axes depth at balanced conditions, c_b 600 MPa d 600 MPa f_y --> c_b 180 mm

Maximum allowed depth of the compression block, a_max b_type 0.75 _1 c_b --> a_max 114.75 mm

if a a_max "CASE 1 - Singly Reinfoced Beams" else "CASE 2 - Doubly Reinforced Beams"

-->

b_type "CASE 2 - Doubly Reinforced Beams"

CASE 1 a a_max 0 M_u _b f_y d a 2 --> A_s 3972.705 mm 2 (1) TRUE area of tensile steel reinforcement, A_s

Number of bars required, N_b A_s 1 2 D_b 4 --> N_b 10.451 bars

CASE 2 a a_max 1 (1) TRUE compression reinforcement is required,

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11 Nov 2011 11:12:36 Compressive force developed in the concrete alone,


C _1 f_c b_w a_max --> C 1170.45 kN

Moment resisted by the concrete and bottom steel, M_c C d a_max _b 2 --> M_c 241.383 kN m

Moment resisted by compression steel and tensile steel, M_s M_u M_c --> M_s 58.617 kN m

Compression steel required, c a _1 --> 0.003 E_s min f_y f_sp1 c d_p c c 183.285 mm --> --> f_sp1 433.047 MPa f_sp 400 MPa

f_sp1 f_sp

A_sp

M_s f_sp _1 f_c d

d_p _b

-->

A_sp 739.521 mm

Number of bars required, N_b A_sp 1 2 D_b 4 --> N_b 1.945 bars

Required tensile steel for balancing the compression in concrete, A_s1 f_y d M_c a_max _b 2 --> 2

A_s1 2926.125 mm

Tensile steel for balancing the compression in steel, A_s2 f_y d M_s d_p _b --> --> 2 2

A_s2 692.377 mm A_s 3618.502 mm

A_s

A_s1 A_s2

Number of bars required, N_b A_s 1 2 D_b 4 --> N_b 9.519 bars

Minimum and maximum tensile reinforcement, f_c MPa b_w d 4 f_y 4 A_s 3 0.004 b_w d

A_smin

max

-->

A_smin 4824.669 mm

Beam flexural tensile steel is limited to a maximum, A_smax min 0.025 b_w d f_c 10 MPa b_w d 6 f_y --> 2

A_smax 2000 mm

D e s i g n
Shear force, V 200 kN

f o r

S h e a r

Strength reduction factor for shear, _s 0.65

Shear capacity provided by the concrete,

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11 Nov 2011 11:12:36


v_b v_c A_s 0.07 10 b_w d v_b --> f_c MPa v_c 2.035 MPa --> v_b 2.035 MPa

Checked, f_c Checked, 0.08 f_c MPa v_b v_b 0.2 f_c MPa 0 70 MPa 1

Average shear stress is computed for a rectangular beam, v V b_w d --> v 1.667 MPa

Average shear stress is limited to a maximum, v_max min 1.1 f_c MPa 0.2 f_c 9.0 MPa

-->

v_max 6 MPa

Checked, v v_max 1

Shear reinforcement per unit length, A_v v_c 2 2 mm 0.00 mm else v_c if _s v v _s v_c 2 0.35 MPa b_w mm f_ys else v _s v_c b_w mm _s f_ys if v _s 1.0 mm 0.882 mm 2 mm

0.35 MPa

-->

A_v

0.882 mm

A_v s

Stirrups legs, n_s A_sv 2 n_s legs 1 2 d_b 4 --> A_sv 157.08 mm 2

Stirrups spacing required, S_sp A_sv s A_v --> S_sp 178.134 mm

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