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Explanatory Memorandum GTA GRAIN STANDARDS 2011/2012 Season

Table of Contents
1. Background 2. Process for Implementation 3. Changes made for implementation in the 2011/12 GTA Standards 3.1 All Cereals (Section 2) 3.2 Wheat (Section 2) 3.3 Barley (Section 2) 3.4 Sorghum (Section 2) 3.5 Triticale (Section 2) 3.6 Oats (Section 2) 3.7 Cereal Rye (Section 2) 3.8 Maize (Section 2) 3.9 Oilseeds (Section 3) 3.10 Pulses (Section 4) 3.11 Birdseed (Section 6) 4. Issues Considered but Not Approved 4.1 General 4.2 Cereal Rye (Section 2) 5. Potential Changes to the 2012/13 & Beyond Standards 5.1 General 5.2 Wheat 5.3 Oats 5.4 Triticale 5.5 Cereal Rye 10 12 12 13 13 9 10 10 2 3 5 5 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 9 2 2 2

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1.

Background

GTA Member Update No.5 of 11 and No.12 of 11 sought feedback from industry on potential changes to grain standards for the coming season. Feedback was received from a range of industry sectors on the proposed changes and a range of other issues. The GTA Standards committee met in 2011 on several occasions and reviewed feedback from industry. The committee recommended changes to the GTA Board and the Board has adopted recommendations were warranted. This document lists changes to all Standards for implementation in 2011/12 and those issues where changes were not accepted. Also listed are issues potentially to be addressed in the 2012/13 Standards and beyond. 2. Process for Implementation

As the 2011/12 Standards have been adopted by the GTA Board, the final Standards have been published on the GTA website at www.graintrade.org.au and are now available for industry use. 3. 3.1 Changes made for implementation in the 2011/12 GTA Standards All Cereals (Section 2)

A number of formatting changes have been made to all cereal Standards either on the cereal Standards charts or in the Booklets produced associated with those charts. The changes have been for clarification only and have not affected the previously applied Standards or tolerances for quality parameters within those Standards except where listed below. Cereals Standards refer to all grades of the following commodities: Wheat Barley Sorghum Triticale Oats Cereal Rye Maize 3.1.1 Visual Quality Charts All Cereals Significant issues arose during the 2010/11 harvest regarding the different interpretation of various subjective quality parameters that are visually assessed in a sample. As many of these quality parameters are visually assessed, differences in interpretation can exist, leading to industry frustration over inconsistent interpretation and application of Standards. The existing Visual Recognition Standards Guide lists a range of definitions and provides photographic charts of a range of defects for various commodities. This Booklet is approved for use by a number of industry organisation and companies, including GTA. In the absence of an objective method to assess these quality parameters, the Booklet is undergoing revision to make interpretation of the various defects easier for industry. It is hoped that a revised Booklet will be signed off by the Committee and made available for the 2011/12 harvest. 3.1.2 Grasshoppers/Locusts Definition All Cereals The majority of industry agreed that the current definition for Grasshoppers/Locusts is confusing. Therefore the previous reference to For grasshoppers, six legs, three body

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parts and two wings or part thereof, constitutes one insect. More than one of the same body part constitutes greater than one insect has been deleted. For all cereals, the Field Insects Large and Small category for 2011/12 will be defined as: These are insect contaminants of grain that do not cause damage to stored grains. There are separate tolerances for Large and Small Insects. They include but are not restricted to: Large Insects Desiantha Weevil (Desiantha spp) Grasshoppers, Locusts Hairy Fungus Beetle (Typhaea stercorea) Ladybirds Pea Weevil (Bruchus pisorum) (dead only) Sitona Weevil (Sitona spp) Wood Bugs Small Insects Aphids Minute Mould Beetle (Corticaria spp) Mites (Acarina spp.) Stored Grain Insects (dead only)

Tolerances apply to either Live or Dead whole Insects for most species, however note for Live Pea Weevil and Live Stored Grain Insects, a nil tolerance applies refer to the definition of Stored Grain Insects. For all Insects pieces are included in Other Foreign Material or Foreign Material, as applicable. The existing tolerances remain unchanged. 3.1.3 N/A Definition All Cereals To clarify the intent of the Standards, a definition of Not Applicable - N/A has been included as follows: In these Standards means not applicable. That is, no minimum or maximum tolerance exists. The quality parameter may exist at unlimited levels in the sample. 3.2 Wheat (Section 2)

In addition to the points outlined in 3.1 above that apply to all cereals, the following changes were made to wheat Standards only. 3.2.1 For Frost, clarified the definition as per the Visual Recognition Standards Guide, being Grain damaged as a result of frost during the maturation phase, affected by or during drying operations, or by any damage occurring during plant growth due to herbicides. Grains generally have the appearance of full sized kernels with little or no structure on both dorsal sides of the grain, and are typically grey to blue in colour. The definition does not include grain pinched as a result of dry conditions or disease during maturation. For Field Fungi, remove the reference to mould like substance. This terminology created confusion over the 2010/11 harvest as mould currently exists at a nil tolerance. The definition is now Field Fungi refers to individual kernels where the seed coat is greater than 50 percent discoloured which may or may not be caused by the development of fungi during periods of high moisture. The visible discolouration of affected grains can vary from dark grey, brown to black in colour. Grains that are 50 percent or less discoloured are to be classified as Stained. Grains that are soft and/or emit a mouldy odour are to be classified as Rotted. Similarly, for Stained, remove the reference to mould and alter to fungal. For Pink Stained, clarify the definition to include Grains that are pink but also contain a white to grey fungal like discolouration over more than 50% of the seed coat surface are to be classified as White Grain Disorder/Head Scab. Alter the tolerances for various categories within the Stained/Field Fungi categories to the following in the table below: Stained keep existing tolerances, of which there is a maximum Pink Stained and a maximum of White Grain Disorder and Head Scab Pink Stained keep current tolerances White Grain Disorder/Head Scab remove both from the Field Fungi category and create a separate category as part of the total Stained category with a new

3.2.2

3.2.3 3.2.4 3.2.5

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Parameter

tolerance of 1% across all grades. These two parameters are combined into the one category as they are often difficult to distinguish in a sample. Field Fungi keep as a separate category but alter the tolerance and remove White Grain Disorder and Head Scab Milling AUH2 AGP1 Grades All as per current tolerance All as per current tolerance 1 10 1 1 AUW1 HPS1 Fed1 SFW1 All other grades

Stained max (%) - Of which Pink Stained max (%) - Of which White Grain Disorder/Head Scab Max (%) Field Fungi max (0.5L)

10 10 20 (40) 20 40 10 10 (20) (20) (40) Note: in the above table, where a change in tolerance applies, the previous tolerance is indicated in brackets and the new tolerance to apply is not in brackets Altered the Varietal Master List. Changes to the Varietal Master List have been made as per deliberations of the Wheat Classification Council. No further changes will occur to the list for the 2011/12 season A number of varieties have been removed from the Master List because they are more than 10 years old and have not been delivered for two consecutive seasons. This will mean that if any of these varieties were to be presented for delivery during the 2011/12 harvest or any subsequent harvest they will only be received as FEED Classifications of varieties still in production will be reviewed after 10 years. As a result the Master List now contains information about the classification date and review date for varieties. This information is incomplete for some varieties and will be finalised as soon as the information can be sourced from breeding companies A number of new varieties have been added. These include ESTOC, FORREST, JUSTICA CL PLUS, KORD CL PLUS, KUNJIN, LRPB COBRA, LRPB ENVOY, LRPB IMPALA, PRESTON, REVENUE, WEDIN A number of varieties have had their classifications reviewed and changes are reflected in the Master List. These include LRPB SPITFIRE, LRPB SCOUT, LRPB BULLET , LRPB LINCOLN A note that Voluntary down-grades are permitted has been added to this section of the document, reflecting current industry practice Altered the definition of Other Non-Objectionable Material. As material in this category may or may not be objectionable, it was decided to alter the term to Other Foreign Material. This now reflects the nature of this category to include a wide array of foreign material that is not wheat and is otherwise not listed in the Standards. Delete the grade ANW1 (NSW/VIC) CSG 121.There were previously two main Noodle No.1 grades CSG 120 ANW1 (WA) CSG 121 ANW1 (NSW/VIC) For 2010/11, the differences between these two grades were removed, making the tolerances for all quality parameters the same for both grades. As there is now no longer a requirement for the two grades the latter, CSG 121 has been deleted and the former altered to apply nationally as CSG 120 ANW1. For weed seeds, several clarifications have been made to all grades: Bellvine (Ipomoea plebeia) has been added to Type 3a weed seeds as it was previously inadvertently omitted In Type 3C, Note included in this Type are tolerances for seeds or pods has been added as it was previously applied but not stated in the Standards Booklet

3.2.6

3.2.7

3.2.8

3.2.9

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In Type 7(a), added Broad Beans (Vicia faba) to all Standards tables as it was not listed previously 3.2.10 Previous Bin Grade Cascade rules for ASF1 allowed downgraded Soft wheat to be received into the Noodle wheat grade, as outlined below: ASF1 (SFE) SFT1 (SFE1) / SFT2 (SFE2) / ANW2 /AGP1 / AUW1 / HPS1 / SFW1 / FED1

As Noodle wheat is of significantly different quality than Soft wheat, the committee agreed to delete the reference to ANW2 and not permit Soft wheat to be accepted as ANW2. The bin Grade Cascade rules will apply as follows from 2011/12 onwards: ASF1 (SFE) 3.2.11 SFT1 (SFE1) / SFT2 (SFE2) / AGP1 / AUW1 / HPS1 / SFW1 / FED1

In reference to Screenings in ANW2 in a previous season, a submission was received from industry to alter the Standards in an effort to segregate as much Noodle wheat as possible and ensure downgraded Noodle wheat was not lost by being commingled into AGP1 stacks. This proposal was subsequently withdrawn as sufficient tonnage of Noodle wheat was received to meet market requirements. A further submission has been received from industry seeking a change to meet the previous intention of segregation of Noodle wheat. The committee agreed with the proposal to increase the screenings content of ANW2 from 5% to 10%, to be applicable from 2011/12 onwards. Note for consistency with other Standards, this also involved an increase in Unmillable Material above the Screen from 0.6% to 1.2%. Barley (Section 2)

3.3

In addition to the points outlined in 3.1 above that apply to all cereals, the following changes were made to barley Standards only. 3.3.1 For Field fungi, remove the reference to mould. This terminology created confusion over the 2010/11 harvest as mould currently exists at a nil tolerance. The definition now refers to Field Fungi refers to individual kernels affected by the fungus Cladosporium spp. Cladosporium spp. gives the grain the appearance of black spotting occurring anywhere on the grain. Coverage greater than 1/8th of the grain surface is considered defective. The fungus usually occurs during periods of high moisture or high humidity towards the end of the growing period into harvest. Clarify the intent of the Standards for Shot & Sprouted. The wording on the Standards Charts for Feed 1 and Feed 2 barley for these parameters has been altered as follows, noting this is not a change in the tolerances that previously applied: Grade Feed 1 Feed 2 3.4 Current Standard Shot or Sprouted Free from Root System Shot or Sprouted 5 Agreed Change Shot N/A Sprouted Nil Shot N/A Sprouted 5

3.3.2

Sorghum (Section 2)

In addition to the points outlined in 3.1 above that apply to all cereals, the following changes were made to sorghum Standards only. 3.4.1 For Field fungi, remove the reference to mould. This terminology is now consistent with other cereal commodities. The definition now refers to Field Fungi refers to individual kernels where the seed coat is greater than 50 percent discoloured caused by the development of fungi during periods of high moisture. The visible discolouration of affected grains can vary from white, to grey to black in colour. Field Fungi can be

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3.4.2

3.4.3

3.4.4

identified and is generally differentiated from Stained by being able to be rubbed off. Grains that are soft and/or emit a mouldy odour are to be classified as Rotted. For Stained, remove the reference to mould. The terminology is now consistent with other commodities. The definition now refers to A grain defect caused by either exposure to wet and damp conditions during growth and maturation phases or a stress related biochemical reaction, which causes individual grains to become visually discoloured. This discolouration may be caused by a relatively slow growing fungus that affects the appearance of the grain. It does not refer to the more serious storage moulds (refer Heat Damaged, Bin Burnt, Storage Mould Affected, Musty, Mouldy or Rotted). The definition for Stained includes kernels that display the following: A distinct light grey, to dark brown to black discolouration on 50% or less of the grain. The discolouration generally is not able to be rubbed off. Kernels with greater than 50% of a fungal like discolouration are to be classified as Field Fungi. Grains that exhibit small dots covering less than 5% of the surface area of the kernel (a small proportion) are not to be classified as Stained and are otherwise whole sound grains. Weed seed clarifications have been made to all grades: Note included in this Type are tolerances for seeds or pods has been added to Type 3c as it was previously applied but not stated in the Standards Booklet Added Broad Beans (Vicia faba) to all Standards tables in Type 7(a) Weed Seeds as it was not listed previously Industry agreed to alter the descriptors for sorghum standards, to make reference easier. The following will be adopted for 2011/12: Old GTA Standard CSG 1, no grade name CSG 9, no grade name CSG 2, no grade name CSG 3, no grade name New GTA Standard 2011/12 Sorghum No.1 Sorghum No.1a Sorghum No.2 Sorghum No.3

3.5

Triticale (Section 2)

In addition to the points outlined in 3.1 above that apply to all cereals, the following changes were made to triticale Standards only. 3.5.1 3.5.2 3.5.3 3.5.4 3.5.5 3.5.6 Developed a Booklet, in combination with Oats and Cereal Rye For Heat Damaged, include in the Bin Burnt, Mould etc category with a nil tolerance. This is consistent with other commodities. A tolerance for Heat Damaged is currently not listed For consistency with other commodities, for Earth, alter the definition from any size to up to 5mm and the tolerance from nil to 3 For consistency with other commodities, for Sand, alter the tolerance from Nil to 50 grains and define Sand as between 0.06mm to 2mm For Frost, create a definition of Frost Damaged grains generally have the appearance of full sized kernels with little or no structure on the sides of the grain Added a definition for Staining A distinct dark brown to black discolouration on the germ end that, in severe cases, may progress to other parts of the grain such as the crease. These grains are commonly referred to as black point or black tip. The Staining on the germ must cover more than 50% of the germ A light grey to black fungal like discolouration that is usually on the brush end of the grain. In some cases it may extend to other areas of the grain. Grains that exhibit small dots covering less than 5% of the surface area of the kernel (a small proportion) are not to be classified as Stained and are otherwise whole sound

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grains. This discolouration does not significantly affect the appearance of the grain. 3.5.7 For Cereal Ergot altered the current tolerance of 1 Triticale Ergot per half litre to Nil for all Cereal Ergot. This is consistent with Oats and Cereal Rye 3.5.8 For Ryegrass Ergot, altered the current tolerance of Nil to a maximum length of 2cm, as per wheat 3.5.9 Added a reference screen specification 3.5.10 Added a category of Other Foreign Material being Other material not otherwise specified as having a tolerance in the Standards that has the ability to degrade the quality of Triticale. It includes, but is not limited to the following: Fine Material - This refers to material such as dust and soil (<0.06mm in diameter) and minerals. Snail Shell and Stored Grain Insects - This includes pieces of Snail Shell (less than half an entire shell), pieces of Stored Grain Insects (not whole) and pieces of Insects Large and Small. Other - This includes pieces of Sticks that are smaller than the dimensions specified under Objectionable Material, and other non-vegetative material. 3.5.11 Changed the Standards table in Type 2 Weed Seeds to refer to Branched Broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) as it incorrectly listed Common Broomrape 3.5.12 Added Broad Beans (Vicia faba) to the Standards table in Type 7(a) Weed Seeds as it was not listed previously 3.6 Oats (Section 2)

In addition to the points outlined in 3.1 above that apply to all cereals, the following changes were made to oats Standards only. 3.6.1 3.6.2 Developed a Booklet, in combination with Cereal Rye and Triticale Created a minimum Varietal Purity of 95% for Prime Milling Oats, as previously there was no restriction 3.6.3 Altered the minimum Varietal Purity from 90% to 95% for Milling Oats No.1, for consistency with other commodities 3.6.4 Altered the nomenclature for Sprouted-Early to Shot, for consistency with other commodities such as Barley 3.6.5 Altered the nomenclature for Sprouted-Advanced to Sprouted, for consistency with other commodities such as Barley 3.6.6 Added to Type 7a weed seeds Colombus Grass (Sorghum almum) and Johnson Grass (Sorghum halepense) as previously these were not listed 3.6.7 Added a definition for Frost - Frost Damaged grains appear pinched and sunken in on the back and sides on the top side of the grain away from the germ 3.6.8 Added a definition for Staining A distinct dark brown to black discolouration on the germ end that, in severe cases, may progress to other parts of the grain such as the crease. These grains are commonly referred to as black point or black tip. Staining on the germ must be greater than 1mm in size. A light grey to black fungal like discolouration that is usually on the brush end of the grain. In some cases it may extend to other areas of the grain. Grains that exhibit small dots covering less than 5% of the surface area of the kernel (a small proportion) are not to be classified as Stained and are otherwise whole sound grains. This discolouration does not significantly affect the appearance of the grain. 3.6.9 Added a reference screen specification 3.6.10 Added a category of Other Foreign Material Other material not otherwise specified as having a tolerance in the Standards that has the ability to degrade the quality of Oats. It includes, but is not limited to the following: Fine Material - This refers to material such as dust and soil (<0.06mm in diameter) and minerals.

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Snail Shell and Stored Grain Insects - This includes pieces of Snail Shell (less than half an entire shell), pieces of Stored Grain Insects (not whole) and pieces of Insects Large and Small. Other - This includes pieces of Sticks that are smaller than the dimensions specified under Objectionable Material, and other non-vegetative material. 3.6.11 Changed all Standards tables in Type 2 Weed Seeds to refer to Branched Broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) as they all incorrectly listed Common Broomrape 3.6.12 Added Broad Beans (Vicia faba) to all Standards tables in Type 7(a) Weed Seeds as it was not listed previously 3.7 Cereal Rye (Section 2)

In addition to the points outlined in 3.1 above that apply to all cereals, the following changes were made to cereal rye Standards only. 3.7.1 3.7.2 Developed a Booklet, in combination with Oats and Triticale Include Dry Green or Sappy in the definition for Damaged Grains, as previously there was no restriction 3.7.3 For consistency with other commodities, for Earth, alter the definition from any size to up to 5mm and the tolerance from nil to 3 3.7.4 For consistency with other commodities, for Sand, alter the tolerance from Nil to 50 grains and define Sand as between 0.06mm to 2mm 3.7.5 For Heat Damaged, removed from a maximum of 2% in Damaged Grains and included in the Bin Burnt, Mould etc category with a nil tolerance. This is consistent with other commodities as it is often indistinguishable from Bin Burnt grains with a nil tolerance 3.7.6 Added a definition for Staining A distinct dark brown to black discolouration on the germ end that, in severe cases, may progress to other parts of the grain such as the crease. These grains are commonly referred to as black point or black tip. The Staining on the germ must cover more than 50% of the germ A light grey to black fungal like discolouration that is usually on the brush end of the grain. In some cases it may extend to other areas of the grain. Grains that exhibit small dots covering less than 5% of the surface area of the kernel (a small proportion) are not to be classified as Stained and are otherwise whole sound grains. This discolouration does not significantly affect the appearance of the grain. 3.7.7 Added a reference screen specification 3.7.8 Added a category of Other Foreign Material Other material not otherwise specified as having a tolerance in the Standards that has the ability to degrade the quality of Cereal Rye. It includes, but is not limited to the following: Fine Material - This refers to material such as dust and soil (<0.06mm in diameter) and minerals. Snail Shell and Stored Grain Insects - This includes pieces of Snail Shell (less than half an entire shell), pieces of Stored Grain Insects (not whole) and pieces of Insects Large and Small. Other - This includes pieces of Sticks that are smaller than the dimensions specified under Objectionable Material, and other non-vegetative material. 3.7.9 Changed the Standards table in Type 2 Weed Seeds to refer to Branched Broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) as it incorrectly listed Common Broomrape 3.7.10 Added Broad Beans (Vicia faba) to the Standards table in Type 7(a) Weed Seeds as it was not listed previously

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3.8 3.8.1

Maize (Section 2) Weed seed clarifications have been made to all grades: Changed all Standards tables in Type 2 Weed Seeds to refer to Branched Broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) as they all incorrectly listed Common Broomrape Added Broad Beans (Vicia faba) to all Standards tables in Type 7(a) Weed Seeds as it was not listed previously Oilseeds (Section 3) The GTA Standards Committee agreed to adopt fully the Australian Oilseeds Federation Standards for 2011/12.

3.9

3.10

Pulses (Section 4) The Committee decided to adopt fully the Pulse Australia Standards for 2011/12. The major changes include:

Further refine wording for clarification: Defective definitions Screenings reference removed from all Standards Removed references to WA variations & revised the lupin WA standards reflecting previously applied tolerances Added Reference screen specifications Added a procedure for sizing and de-hulling 3.10.2 The following changes were made: Added a 3% tolerance for Blondes in Aldinga red lentils Reduced the tolerance for grasshoppers & locusts in Farmer Dressed Receival Standards Revised the Green Lentil standard numbering 3.11 Birdseed (Section 6) The Birdseed Standards as proposed by Queensland Agricultural Merchants were accepted in full. 4. Issues Considered but Not Approved

3.10.1

The following issues will not be re-considered by the Standards Committee unless a further submission is received from industry. Industry is free to provide their original submission or further information to support their views should they wish for any of these issues to be considered by the Standards Committee in developing the 2012/13 or future Standards. 4.1 4.1.1 General Rejected: Specific Procedures & Detailed Information The Committee received submissions relating to the interpretation and application of Standards, including: The use of only specific instruments for assessing grain quality One method only to be used for assessment of various quality parameters, including Test Weight and Falling Number

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Training of all samplers through a common independent organisation, potentially by GTA Auditing of all receival agents and grain samplers by an independent party on a regular basis, potentially by GTA Variations to the tolerances applying for each test to be listed in the Standards One industry dispute resolution procedure, including a single independent arbitrator for quality assessment

Existing material such as Standards Booklets and Competency Standards have been developed by GTA in recent years in response to industry requests. The Board considered recent submissions and agreed that further guidance was required to be provided to industry on the correct interpretation and application of Standards. It was agreed that commercial providers of appropriate testing equipment, training and other related services should be encouraged and this was not a role solely for GTA. The Board agreed to continue to provide tools to assist industry in these matters. A range of materials will be developed to complement the existing material, including: Further guidance on the correct use of testing equipment and Best Management Practice in running a receival stand operation. This information will be provided through the existing Standards Booklets where applicable. In addition, the current Code of Conduct will be reviewed to consider inclusion of a range of activities required to run a receival site further information will be made available through GTA Member updates in 2011/12. As a consequence of the above, there will be a review of Section 11 and Section 12 of the Standards Problem Identification & Best Practice, to integrate these changes in those documents. Concurrently, a paper on a related topic QA in the industry will be presented to the Board for consideration the outcome will be made available to industry. Previously identified research topics, some of which relate to the above topics, will be reviewed. Again, the Board is currently considering how to resource these reviews. Greater accessibility to the Standards for industry via provision to an on-line database of the Standards

4.2 4.2.1

Cereal Rye (Section 2) Rejected: Creation of No.2 and No.3 Grades

Off-grade Cereal Rye is received based on regional quality variations and therefore a national standard is not applicable at this stage for this commodity. 5. Potential Changes for the 2012/13 & Beyond Standards

The following highlights potential changes for adoption in the 2012/13 and beyond Standards or highlights issues where further information and input from industry is required. Industry is encouraged to provide submissions on any of the following points, or any other issues, at any time by providing a detailed written response to GTA. GTA will formally seek submissions on the issues below and any other matters of interest early in 2012. 5.1 General

A number of potential changes to Standards in general were proposed by the Committee in the Member Updates provided to industry during 2011. Industry provided various responses which the Committee considered. In summary these included:

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5.1.1

Proposed Change: Weed Seed & Foreign Material The majority of submissions agreed with the intent of the Committee to simplify the Standards in this area. A number of changes to weed seed Types and tolerances have been proposed by the Committee. It is proposed to conduct trials over the 2011/12 harvest to determine the impact of the changes. Upon review of the trial results, the Committee will forward any proposed revised Standards to industry for feedback in early 2012 for potential implementation in the 2012/13 or 2013/14 season. As per responses to the weed seed review, industry agreed Standards should be simplified in the area of assessment of contaminants. The Committee is reviewing the contaminants category in conjunction with the weed seed review. Further guidance to industry on the proposed changes, seeking industry participation in trials, will be provided to industry in the later part of 2011.

5.1.2

Proposed Review: Reference Method for Screenings While the majority of industry submissions agreed there is a need to develop specifications for reference screens to be used in situations such as an official dispute, it was recognised a significant review of the commercial production and availability of these screens and the impact of potential specifications on the marketplace was required. As resources are currently not available, the Committee will advise industry of the potential timing for development of these reference screen specifications.

5.1.3

Proposed Change: Develop Reference Booklets for Other Cereals (Maize) Industry agreed that the production of further Reference Booklets for the remainder of the cereals was useful. The Committee will develop a Booklet for Maize in 2012 or the following year.

5.1.4

Proposed Change: Definition of Stained, Field Fungi and Mould Categories Given the difficulty in assessing weather damaged grain in 2010/11, a range of industry comments were received on the above and related quality parameters and seeking a full review by the committee. Given that future potential changes may be significant and require extensive industry consultation, the Committee will provide a paper to industry prior to the 2011/12 harvest outlining proposed changes to the definition and tolerances of these quality parameters to aid industry interpretation of Standards and clarify the intent of the tolerances.

5.1.5

Proposed Review: Food Safety Sub-Committee In recent seasons the Standards committee has received a number of comments from industry in submissions relating to food safety issues. These topics include weed seeds and pyrrolizidine alkaloids, mycotoxins and mould, ergot etc. As these are linked to the existing Standards, it has been decided to form a sub-committee of the existing Standards committee to consider these topics and potential impacts on the Standards. The Board has approved the formation of this sub-committee and the first meeting is planned for late 2011.

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5.2 5.2.1

Wheat Proposed Change 2013/14: Test Wheat increase in all Milling Wheat Grades

The Committee continued to receive a number of submissions on this topic. The committee agreed to continue to review the topic in each season prior to 2013/14 but supported its prior stance as resolved by the GTA Board, being: The implementation date of the GTA Board Policy for an increase in test weight in milling grades of wheat be extended to no later than 2013/2014. Test weight will be reviewed annually with the intention to implement the 76 kg/hl test weight in milling grades at an earlier date if justified. Note - the committee has reviewed data following each recent harvest to determine the impact of the proposed change on the industry. On the basis of the data to date, the prior decision to alter the minimum is justified. Plant breeders (including AGT, Intergrain and Longreach) are contacted to determine realistic timelines for the availability of varieties with a propensity for higher Test Weight to determine the potential for existing and new varieties to meet this requirement. This discussion and analysis would involve interactions with the WCC and the National Variety Trials. NVT data would need to be analysed upon receipt. Note discussions are continuing. The Wheat Classification Council be approached to include a Test Weight Standard in their process of assessing and classifying varieties. Note the WCC responded that this was not supported as all varieties to be assessed must meet the relevant Standards. Discussions are continuing. Individual Grades be reviewed with a view to increasing Test Weight in the most appropriate grades first rather than a blanket all milling grades. Note the committee considered this topic and determined that this proposal would potentially lead to additional segregations and was therefore not supported. An annual review of this decision is conducted to analyse all relevant data re: availability of varieties, current crop quality, market opportunities / requirements. Note on the basis of the information reviewed to date, the prior decision to alter the minimum is justified. GTA produce a paper for distribution across Industry to outline the outcomes from the GTA Board decision with regard to changes in Test Weight limits. Note a paper will be produced prior to the 2013/14 season further explaining the proposed change and data reviewed in recent seasons supporting the change. A proforma for industry submissions be developed that outlines the minimum information required in submissions. Done now available on the GTA website. Proposed Change 2012/13: Varietal Purity Specifications For all wheat Standards, it was intended to create a minimum varietal purity requirement of 95%. This would be consistent with other commodities. The tolerance is designed to ensure where required, inherent quality characteristics of each grade are maintained. It is intended that the tolerance will apply only in the situation where the Load is Declared as Multiple Varieties of Different Grade Classification Status. However, further industry discussion is required to ensure this figure of 95% is appropriate for all variety

5.2.2

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admixtures. In the interim, the existing Varietal Declaration Procedure in the Wheat Booklet, has been retained. 5.3 5.3.1 Oats - Proposed Changes 2012/13 Propose to create a definition for Field Fungi, as previously there was none, being: Field Fungi affected grains are those grains that exhibit fungal growth on the grain during periods of high moisture. Individual kernels have a seed coat that contains a dark discolouration due to a fungal substance. The visible discolouration of affected grains can vary from grey to black in colour. Coverage greater than 1/8th of the entire grain surface must be present to be considered as Field Fungi. Less than 1/8th coverage is not considered Field Fungi. This proposed definition is similar to other cereal commodities. Remove the reference to Weather Stained Grains and accommodate this parameter via revised wording in the Stained category. Weather Stained Grains is a very general term and leads to staining, hence the proposal is to replace this wording with Stained. Triticale - Proposed Changes 2012/13 Propose to create a definition for Field Fungi, as previously there was none, being: Field Fungi affected grains are those grains that exhibit fungal growth on the grain during periods of high moisture. Individual kernels have a seed coat that contains a dark discolouration due to a fungal substance. The visible discolouration of affected grains can vary from grey to black in colour. Coverage greater than 1/8th of the entire grain surface must be present to be considered as Field Fungi. Less than 1/8th coverage is not considered Field Fungi. This proposed definition is similar to other cereal commodities. Remove the reference to Weather Stained Grains and accommodate this parameter via revised wording in the Stained category. Weather Stained Grains is a very general term and leads to staining, hence the proposal is to replace this wording with Stained. Cereal Rye - Proposed Changes 2012/13 Propose to create a definition for Field Fungi, as previously there was none, being: Field Fungi affected grains are those grains that exhibit fungal growth on the grain during periods of high moisture. Individual kernels have a seed coat that contains a dark discolouration due to a fungal substance. The visible discolouration of affected grains can vary from grey to black in colour. Coverage greater than 1/8th of the entire grain surface must be present to be considered as Field Fungi. Less than 1/8th coverage is not considered Field Fungi. This proposed definition is similar to other cereal commodities. Remove the reference to Weather Stained Grains and accommodate this parameter via revised wording in the Stained category. Weather Stained Grains is a very general term and leads to staining, hence the proposal is to replace this wording with Stained. Propose to separate the various parameters in the current Damaged Grains section. Each quality parameter will be listed as a separate item, with a separate tolerance. This will ensure consistency with other commodities. Potential to introduce a Falling Number minimum. While a possible minimum of 200 seconds was listed in an industry submission, the Committee was advised that a lower level was generally applied and the 200 second minimum was applied as a regional segregation by one sector of industry. Further feedback will be sought in 2012 on the need for this tolerance in the Standard.

5.3.2

5.4 5.4.1

5.4.2

5.5 5.5.1

5.5.2

5.5.3

5.5.4

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Explanatory Memorandum GTA Standards 2011/2012 Season

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