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PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.8 million V-fone customers. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistans economic growth. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side, the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cable is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. With the promulgation of Telecommunication (Re-Organization) Act 1996, the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority was established as the Telecom Regulatory body. Following the open licensing policy in BUY @ PKR 45.40 accordance with the instructions of Government of Pakistan and in exercise of powers conferred by Pakistan Telecommunication (Re-Organization) Act 1996, the basic telephony was put under exclusivity and PTCL was given a seven years monopoly over basic telephony which ended by December 31, 2002. The year 2006-07 in the telecom sector witnessed a phenomenal growth in the mobile phone sector in Pakistan, which doubled its subscriber base to 60 million. The Teledensity increased from 26% to 40%, helping to spread the benefits of communication technology across the country. PTCL's mobile phone subsidiary Ufone's subscriber base grew by more than 87%, from 7.49 million to 14 million. The year also witnessed the entry of major telecom companies, most notably China Telecom and SingTel, into the market.

But will also generate new revenue streams for future growth. The company also continued to invest in infrastructure development and addition of network capacity with a view to enhance services and to expand its reach across the country.

SWOT ANALYSIS : Strengths:

1-Largest operational network and infrastructure within ICT (Information & Communication Technologies) segment. 2-An integrated Monopoly.

3-Market leadership in Local loop, Wireless local loop (WLL) and fixed telephony. 4-PTCL (Ufone) is market challenger in GSM segment. 5-Ufone is performing well though Warid and Telenor are tough .



Not been able to nurture its growth around customer services oriented strategy. Not been able to nurture its growth around customer services oriented strategy. Monopolistic culture has further added to its complexities. provider poor arm of management PTCL and continues lack of

Paknet, the internet service to incur losses due to network optimization.

PTCL-V, the fixed wireless phone service is poor. Over employment & low productivity. Slow decision making including external interferences. Corporate culture akin to government departments.

Opportunities :

Low teledensity of Pakistan. Have vast infrastructure and real estate assets which can be Global connectivity reliability has been improved. PTCL is expanding the long distance and infrastructure side through spreading out two sea-me-we submarine cables. Partnership with new entrants in a deregulated environment. Scope for efficient/cost effective operations.

leveraged further.

Threats :

Increased competition in long distance continues to exert pressure. VOIP use is increasing despite ambiguous and discriminatory policies.

Exposure to market competition.

Migration to Cellular Networks.

Ability to Attract & Retain Quality Professionals.

Reduction in International Settlement Rates.

Since its establishment in 1992, Bank Alfalah has grown to nearly 200 branche throughout the middle east. The bank has established itself as a reputable lender with opportunity for growth. A SWOT analysis can aid in understanding what strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats may affect this business in coming years.

1. The core strength of Bank Alfalah is in providing Halal banking services. Halal is Arabic for, "that which is permissible"; Halal banking follows traditional Muslim laws. With a strong market in middle eastern countries. Their position in the oil rich middle east gives them a strong home market. Additionally, Bank Alfalah notes that they have a strength in correspondent banking, a form of banking that uses partner banks to transfer funds between different regions of the globe.

2. Bank Alfalah's adherence to Halal standards may be a strength in some markets, but it is a weakness in the west that makes moving outside of its home region market difficult. Specifically, adhering to Halal standards means that Bank Alfalah cannot offer the same range of products as conventional banks.

3. With the growth of Islam in the western world, Bank Alfalah has the opportunity to expand beyond the middle east and into markets in the United States and Europe in order to offer Halal banking services. Bank Alfalah notes that Islamic banking is currently growing at twice the rate of conventional banking throughout the world.

4. Threats:
4. The main threat to Bank Alfalah is the threat posed by western banks who are able to engage in less restrictive sources of revenue generating. Bank Alfalah freely admits that they do not offer the full range of products of conventional western banks. These banks may pose a threat to them in their home market and will certainly pose a threat if they choose to expand into western markets.